195 relations: Abductive reasoning, Abstraction, Action (philosophy), Active intellect, Alan S. Kaufman, Alfred Binet, Ammons Quick Test, Andreas Demetriou, Anne Anastasi, Anthony Gregorc, Arthur Jensen, Association of ideas, Attention, Behavioural genetics, Belief, Block design test, Bracken School Readiness Assessment, Carl Brigham, Catharine Cox Miles, Cattell Culture Fair III, Cattell–Horn–Carroll theory, Cecil R. Reynolds, Charles Spearman, Child prodigy, Chris Brand, Cognition, Cognitive epidemiology, Cognitivism (psychology), Collective intelligence, Communication, Concept, Concept learning, Creativity, Cyril Burt, David Lubinski, David Wechsler, Deductive reasoning, Differential psychology, Douglas K. Detterman, Douglas N. Jackson, Earl B. Hunt, Educational psychology, Educational quotient, Ellis Paul Torrance, Emotion, Emotional intelligence, Environment and intelligence, Evolution of human intelligence, Fertility and intelligence, Figure Reasoning Test, ..., Fluid and crystallized intelligence, Flynn effect, Francis Galton, Frank C. J. McGurk, G factor (psychometrics), G-VPR model, Genius, Hans Eysenck, Height and intelligence, Helmuth Nyborg, Henry H. Goddard, Heritability of IQ, Herman H. Spitz, High IQ society, History of the race and intelligence controversy, Homo sapiens, Howard Gardner, Human behaviour genetics, Humanistic intelligence, Ian Deary, Idiot, Illusory superiority, Imagination, Impact of health on intelligence, Indiana University, Inductive reasoning, Intellectual disability, Intellectual giftedness, Intelligence (journal), Intelligence and public policy, Intelligence quotient, International Society for Intelligence Research, Introspection, J. P. Guilford, J. Philippe Rushton, James C. Kaufman, James Flynn (academic), James McKeen Cattell, Jensen box, John Bissell Carroll, John C. Loehlin, John C. Raven, John Curtis Gowan, Jonathan A. Plucker, Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, Knowledge, Knox Cubes, Kohs block design test, Language, Learning, Ledyard Tucker, Lee A. Thompson, Lee Willerman, Leiter International Performance Scale, Leon Kamin, Leta Stetter Hollingworth, Lewis Terman, Linda Gottfredson, List of child prodigies, Lloyd Humphreys, Lothian birth-cohort studies, Louis Leon Thurstone, Malleability of intelligence, Mega Society, Memory, Mensa International, Mental chronometry, Mental event, Mental image, Mental operations, Mental process, Metacognition, Metamemory, Miller Analogies Test, Moral intelligence, Nadeen L. Kaufman, Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test, Nathan Brody, Nations and intelligence, Neurocognitive, Neuroscience and intelligence, Nicholas Mackintosh, Noogenesis, Otis–Lennon School Ability Test, Outline (list), Outline of thought, Parieto-frontal integration theory, PASS theory of intelligence, Passive intellect, Pattern recognition, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Perception, Philip A. Vernon, Polymath, Porteus Maze test, Problem solving, Prometheus Society, Psychometrics, R. Travis Osborne, Race and intelligence, Raven's Progressive Matrices, Raymond Cattell, Reason, Religiosity and intelligence, Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales, Richard Herrnstein, Richard J. Haier, Richard Lynn, Risk intelligence, Robert A. Gordon, Robert Sternberg, Robert Yerkes, Ronald K. Hoeflin, Ruth Benedict, Sandra Scarr, Scott Barry Kaufman, Sex differences in psychology, Seymour Itzkoff, Social intelligence, Spatial intelligence (psychology), Spiritual intelligence, Standardized test, Stanford–Binet Intelligence Scales, Stephen J. Ceci, Théodore Simon, Theory of multiple intelligences, Thomas J. Bouchard Jr., Timothy Bates, Timothy Z. Keith, Triarchic theory of intelligence, Triple Nine Society, Ulric Neisser, Understanding, Verbal reasoning, Vernon's verbal-perceptual model, Visual system, Volition (psychology), Volkmar Weiss, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, William Stern (psychologist), Wonderlic test, Woodcock–Johnson Tests of Cognitive Abilities, Working memory. Expand index (145 more) » « Shrink index
Abductive reasoning (also called abduction,For example: abductive inference, or retroduction) is a form of logical inference which starts with an observation or set of observations then seeks to find the simplest and most likely explanation.
Abstraction in its main sense is a conceptual process where general rules and concepts are derived from the usage and classification of specific examples, literal ("real" or "concrete") signifiers, first principles, or other methods.
In philosophy, an action is something which is done by an agent.
The active intellect (Latin: intellectus agens; also translated as agent intellect, active intelligence, active reason, or productive intellect) is a concept in classical and medieval philosophy.
Alan S. Kaufman (born April 1944) is an American psychology professor known for his work on intelligence testing.
Alfred Binet (July 8, 1857 – October 18, 1911) was a French psychologist who invented the first practical IQ test, the Binet–Simon test.
Ammons Quick Test (QT) is an intelligence test that was designed in 1962 by Robert B. Ammons and his wife Carol H. Ammons.
Andreas Demetriou (Ανδρέας Δημητρίου; born Andreas Panteli Demetriou on 15 August 1950) is a Greek Cypriot developmental psychologist and former Minister of Education and Culture of Cyprus.
Anne Anastasi (December 19, 1908 – May 4, 2001) was an American psychologist best known for her pioneering development of psychometrics.
Anthony F. Gregorc is best known for his theory of a Mind Styles Model and its associated Style Delineator.
Arthur Robert Jensen (August 24, 1923 – October 22, 2012) was an American psychologist and author.
Association of ideas, or mental association, is a process by which representations arise in consciousness, and also for a principle put forward by an important historical school of thinkers to account generally for the succession of mental phenomena.
Attention, also referred to as enthrallment, is the behavioral and cognitive process of selectively concentrating on a discrete aspect of information, whether deemed subjective or objective, while ignoring other perceivable information.
Behavioural genetics also referred to as behaviour genetics, is a field of scientific research that uses genetic methods to investigate the nature and origins of individual differences in behaviour.
Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case with or without there being empirical evidence to prove that something is the case with factual certainty.
A block design test is a subtest on many IQ test batteries used as part of assessment of human intelligence.
The Bracken School Readiness Assessment ("BSRA") is an individual concept knowledge test designed for children, pre-K through second grade.
Carl Campbell Brigham (4 May 1890 – 24 January 1943) was a professor of psychology at Princeton University's Department of Psychology and pioneer in the field of psychometrics.
Catharine Morris Cox Miles (May 20, 1890 – October 11, 1984) was an American psychologist known for her work on intelligence and genius.
The Culture Fair Intelligence Test (CFIT) was constructed by Raymond B. Cattell, PhD, DSc in an attempt to produce a measure of cognitive abilities that accurately estimated intelligence devoid of sociocultural and environmental influences.
The Cattell–Horn–Carroll theory (commonly abbreviated to CHC), is a prominent psychological theory on the structure of human cognitive abilities.
Cecil Randy Reynolds (born February 7, 1952) is an American psychology professor best known for his work in psychological testing and assessment.
Charles Edward Spearman, FRS (10 September 1863 – 17 September 1945) was an English psychologist known for work in statistics, as a pioneer of factor analysis, and for Spearman's rank correlation coefficient.
In psychology research literature, the term child prodigy is defined as a person under the age of ten who produces meaningful output in some domain to the level of an adult expert performer.
Christopher Richard Brand (1 June, 1943 – 28 May, 2017) was a British psychological and psychometric researcher who gained media attention for his statements on race and intelligence and paedophilia.
Cognition is "the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses".
Cognitive epidemiology is a field of research that examines the associations between intelligence test scores (IQ scores or extracted ''g''-factors) and health, more specifically morbidity (mental and physical) and mortality.
In psychology, cognitivism is a theoretical framework for understanding the mind that gained credence in the 1950s.
Collective intelligence (CI) is shared or group intelligence that emerges from the collaboration, collective efforts, and competition of many individuals and appears in consensus decision making.
Communication (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying intended meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules.
Concepts are mental representations, abstract objects or abilities that make up the fundamental building blocks of thoughts and beliefs.
Concept learning, also known as category learning, concept attainment, and concept formation, is defined by Bruner, Goodnow, & Austin (1967) as "the search for and listing of attributes that can be used to distinguish exemplars from non exemplars of various categories".
Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something new and somehow valuable is formed.
Sir Cyril Lodowic Burt, FBA (3 March 1883 – 10 October 1971) was an English educational psychologist and geneticist who made contributions also to statistics.
David J. Lubinski is an American psychology professor known for his work in applied research, psychometrics, and individual differences.
David "Weshy" Wechsler (January 12, 1896 – May 2, 1981) was a Romanian-American psychologist.
Deductive reasoning, also deductive logic, logical deduction is the process of reasoning from one or more statements (premises) to reach a logically certain conclusion.
Differential psychology studies the ways in which individuals differ in their behavior and the processes that underlie it.
Douglas K. Detterman is an American psychology professor who researches intelligence and mental retardation.
Douglas Northrop Jackson II (August 14, 1929 – August 22, 2004) was a Canadian psychology professor best known for his work in human assessment and psychological testing.
Earl B. Hunt (January 8, 1933 – April 12 or 13, 2016) was an American psychologist specializing in the study of human and artificial intelligence.
Educational psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of human learning.
An educational quotient, or EQ, is a score designed to assess a subject's level of general education.
Ellis Paul Torrance (October 8, 1915 – July 12, 2003) was an American psychologist from Milledgeville, Georgia.
Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.
Emotional intelligence (EI), also known as Emotional quotient (EQ) and Emotional Intelligence Quotient (EIQ), is the capability of individuals to recognize their own emotions and those of others, discern between different feelings and label them appropriately, use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior, and manage and/or adjust emotions to adapt to environments or achieve one's goal(s).
Environment and intelligence research investigates the impact of environment on intelligence.
The evolution of human intelligence is closely tied to the evolution of the human brain and to the origin of language.
The relationship between fertility and intelligence has been investigated in many demographic studies, with contradicting evidence that on a population level, intelligence is negatively correlated with fertility rate, and positively correlated with survival rate of offspring.
Figure Reasoning Test (FRT) is an intelligence test created by John Clifford Daniels.
In psychology, fluid and crystallized intelligence (respectively abbreviated Gf and Gc) are factors of general intelligence, originally identified by Raymond Cattell.
The Flynn effect is the substantial and long-sustained increase in both fluid and crystallized intelligence test scores measured in many parts of the world over the 20th century.
Sir Francis Galton, FRS (16 February 1822 – 17 January 1911) was an English Victorian era statistician, progressive, polymath, sociologist, psychologist, anthropologist, eugenicist, tropical explorer, geographer, inventor, meteorologist, proto-geneticist, and psychometrician.
Frank C. J. McGurk (1910-1995) was an American psychologist who was noted for his claims about race and intelligence.
The g factor (also known as general intelligence, general mental ability or general intelligence factor) is a construct developed in psychometric investigations of cognitive abilities and human intelligence.
The g-VPR model is a model of human intelligence published in 2005 by psychology professors Wendy Johnson and Thomas J. Bouchard Jr. (Johnson & Bouchard, 2005) They developed the model by analyzing Gf-Gc theory, John Carroll’s Three-stratum theory and Vernon’s verbal-perceptual model.
A genius is a person who displays exceptional intellectual ability, creative productivity, universality in genres or originality, typically to a degree that is associated with the achievement of new advances in a domain of knowledge.
Hans Jürgen Eysenck, PhD, DSc (4 March 1916 – 4 September 1997) was a German-born English psychologist who spent his professional career in Great Britain.
The study of height and intelligence examines correlations between height and human intelligence.
Helmuth Sørensen Nyborg (born 5 January 1937) is a Danish psychologist and author.
Henry Herbert Goddard (August 14, 1866 – June 18, 1957) was a prominent American psychologist and eugenicist during the early 20th century.
Research on heritability of IQ implies, from the similarity of IQ in closely related persons, the proportion of variance of IQ among individuals in a study population that is associated with genetic variation within that population.
Herman H. Spitz is an American psychologist known for his work measuring intelligence among those with developmental disability.
A high IQ society is an organization that limits its membership to people who have attained a specified score on an IQ test.
The history of the race and intelligence controversy concerns the historical development of a debate, concerning possible explanations of group differences encountered in the study of race and intelligence.
Homo sapiens is the systematic name used in taxonomy (also known as binomial nomenclature) for the only extant human species.
Howard Earl Gardner (born July 11, 1943) is an American developmental psychologist and the John H. and Elisabeth A. Hobbs Professor of Cognition and Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education at Harvard University.
Human behaviour genetics is a subfield of the field of behaviour genetics that studies the role of genetic and environmental influences on human behaviour.
Humanistic Intelligence (HI) is defined, in the context of wearable computing, by Marvin Minsky, Ray Kurzweil, and Steve Mann, as follows: Humanistic Intelligence is intelligence that arises because of a human being in the feedback loop of a computational process, where the human and computer are inextricably intertwined.
Ian J. Deary FBA, FRSE, FMedSci, is a Scottish psychologist known for work in the fields of intelligence, cognitive ageing, cognitive epidemiology, and personality.
Idiot was formerly a legal and psychiatric category of profound intellectual disability, where a person's mental age is two years or less, and he or she cannot guard himself or herself against common physical dangers.
In the field of social psychology, illusory superiority is a condition of cognitive bias whereby a person overestimates their own qualities and abilities, in relation to the same qualities and abilities of other persons.
Imagination is the capacity to produce images, ideas and sensations in the mind without any immediate input of the senses (such as seeing or hearing).
Health can affect intelligence in various ways.
Indiana University (IU) is a multi-campus public university system in the state of Indiana, United States.
Inductive reasoning (as opposed to ''deductive'' reasoning or ''abductive'' reasoning) is a method of reasoning in which the premises are viewed as supplying some evidence for the truth of the conclusion.
Intellectual disability (ID), also known as general learning disability, and mental retardation (MR), is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning.
Intellectual giftedness is an intellectual ability significantly higher than average.
Intelligence is a peer-reviewed academic journal of psychology that covers intelligence and psychometrics.
A large body of research indicates that intelligence measures such as intelligence quotient (IQ) varies between individuals and between certain groups, and that they correlate with socially important outcomes such as educational achievement, employment, crime, poverty and socioeconomic status.
An intelligence quotient (IQ) is a total score derived from several standardized tests designed to assess human intelligence.
The International Society for Intelligence Research (ISIR) is a scientific society for researchers in human intelligence.
Introspection is the examination of one's own conscious thoughts and feelings.
Joy Paul Guilford (March 7, 1897 – November 26, 1987) was an American psychologist best remembered for his psychometric study of human intelligence, including the distinction between convergent and divergent production.
John Philippe Rushton (December 3, 1943 – October 2, 2012) was a Canadian psychologist and author.
James C. Kaufman (born September 21, 1974) is a psychologist known for his research on creativity.
James Robert Flynn FRSNZ (born 1934) is a New Zealand intelligence researcher.
James McKeen Cattell (May 25, 1860 – January 20, 1944), American psychologist, was the first professor of psychology in the United States, teaching at the University of Pennsylvania, and long-time editor and publisher of scientific journals and publications, most notably the journal Science.
The Jensen box was developed by University of California, Berkeley psychologist Arthur Jensen as a standard apparatus for measuring choice reaction time, especially in relationship to differences in intelligence.
John Bissell Carroll (June 5, 1916 – July 1, 2003) was an American psychologist known for his contributions to psychology, educational linguistics and psychometrics.
John Clinton Loehlin (born January 13, 1926) is an American behavior geneticist and psychology and computer science professor emeritus.
John Carlyle Raven (28 June 1902 – 10 August 1970) was an English psychologist known for his contributions to psychometrics.
John Curtis Gowan (May 21, 1912 – December 2, 1986) was a psychologist who studied, along with E. Paul Torrance, the development of creative capabilities in children and gifted populations.
Jonathan Plucker is the Julian C. Stanley Professor of Talent Development at Johns Hopkins University, where he works in the School of Education and the Center for Talented Youth.
The Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (KABC) is a clinical instrument (psychological diagnostic test) for assessing cognitive development.
Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning.
The Knox Cube Imitation Test (KCIT, or CIT, or KCT) was developed as a nonverbal intelligence test developed by Dr.
The Kohs Block test, also known as the Kohs Block Design Test, is a performance test designed to be an IQ test.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
Learning is the process of acquiring new or modifying existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences.
Ledyard R. Tucker (19 September 1910 – 16 August 2004) was an American mathematician who specialized in statistics and psychometrics.
Lee Anne Thompson is an American psychology professor known for her work in behavior genetics and the biological processes involved in intelligence.
Lee Willerman (26 July 1939 – 10 January 1997) was an American psychologist known for his work on behavioral genetics using twin studies.
Leiter International Performance Scale or simply Leiter scale is an intelligence test in the form of a strict performance scale.
Leon J. Kamin (December 29, 1927 – December 22, 2017) was an American psychologist known for his contributions to learning theory and his critique of estimates of the heritability of IQ.
Leta Hollingworth (25 May 1886 – 27 November 1939) was an American psychologist who conducted pioneering work in the early 20th century.
Lewis Madison Terman (January 15, 1877 – December 21, 1956) was an American psychologist and author.
Linda Susanne Gottfredson (née Howarth; born June 24, 1947) is an American psychologist and writer.
In psychology research literature, the term child prodigy is defined as a person under the age of ten who produces meaningful output in some domain to the level of an adult expert performer.
Lloyd G. Humphreys (December 12, 1913 – September 7, 2003) was an American differential psychologist and methodologist who focused on assessing individual differences in human behavior.
The Lothian birth-cohort studies are two ongoing cohort studies which primarily involve research into how childhood intelligence relates to intelligence and health in old age.
Louis Leon Thurstone (29 May 1887 – 30 September 1955) was a U.S. pioneer in the fields of psychometrics and psychophysics.
Malleability of intelligence describes the processes by which intelligence can increase or decrease over time and is not static.
Founded in 1982 by Ronald K. Hoeflin to facilitate psychometric research, the Mega Society is a high IQ society open to people who have scored at the one-in-a-million level on a test of general intelligence claimed to be able to discriminate at that level.
Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.
Mensa is the largest and oldest high IQ society in the world.
Mental chronometry is the use of response time in perceptual-motor tasks to infer the content, duration, and temporal sequencing of cognitive operations.
A mental event is anything which happens within the mind or mind substitute of a conscious individual.
A mental image or mental picture is the representation in a person's mind of the physical world outside that person.
Mental operations are operations that affect mental contents.
Mental process or mental function are all the things that individuals can do with their minds.
Metacognition is "cognition about cognition", "thinking about thinking", "knowing about knowing", becoming "aware of one's awareness" and higher-order thinking skills.
Metamemory or Socratic awareness, a type of metacognition, is both the introspective knowledge of one’s own memory capabilities (and strategies that can aid memory) and the processes involved in memory self-monitoring.
The Miller Analogies Test (MAT) is a standardized test used both for graduate school admissions in the United States and entrance to high I.Q. societies.
Moral intelligence is the capacity to understand right from wrong and to behave based on the value that is believed to be right.
Nadeen L. Kaufman (born January 1945) is an American psychology professor known for her work on learning disability.
The Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test (NNAT) is a nonverbal measure of general ability.
Nathan Brody is an American psychology professor Emeritus known for his work on intelligence and personality.
The relationship between nations and intelligence is a controversial area of study concerning differences between nations in average intelligence test scores, their possible causes, and their correlation with measures of social well-being and economic prosperity.
Neurocognitive functions are cognitive functions closely linked to the function of particular areas, neural pathways, or cortical networks in the brain substrate layers of neurological matrix at the cellular molecular level.
Neuroscience and intelligence refers to the various neurological factors that are partly responsible for the variation of intelligence within a species or between different species.
Nicholas John Seymour Mackintosh, (9 July 1935 – 8 February 2015) was a British experimental psychologist and author, specialising in intelligence, psychometrics and animal learning.
Noogenesis (Ancient Greek: νοῦς.
The Otis–Lennon School Ability Test (OLSAT), published by the successor of Harcourt Assessment—Pearson Education, Inc., a subsidiary of Pearson PLC—is, according to the publisher, a test of abstract thinking and reasoning ability of children pre-K to 18.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to thought (thinking): Thought (also called thinking) – the mental process in which beings form psychological associations and models of the world.
The parieto-frontal integration theory (P-FIT) considers intelligence to relate to how well different brain regions integrate to form intelligent behaviors.
The Planning, Attention-Arousal, Simultaneous and Successive (PASS) theory of intelligence, first proposed in 1975 (Das, Kirby, and Jarman,1975), and later elaborated by Das, Naglieri & Kirby (1994)Das, J. P., Naglieri, J. A., & Kirby, J. R. (1994).
The passive intellect (Latin: intellectus possibilis; also translated as potential intellect or material intellect), is a term used in philosophy alongside the notion of the active intellect in order to give an account of the operation of the intellect (nous), in accordance with the theory of hylomorphism, as most famously put forward by Aristotle.
Pattern recognition is a branch of machine learning that focuses on the recognition of patterns and regularities in data, although it is in some cases considered to be nearly synonymous with machine learning.
The Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, the 2007 edition of which is known as the PPVT-IV, is an untimed test of receptive vocabulary for Standard American English and is intended to provide a quick estimate of verbal ability and scholastic aptitude.
Perception (from the Latin perceptio) is the organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand the presented information, or the environment.
Philip Anthony "Tony" Vernon (born 1950) is a Canadian psychologist.
A polymath (πολυμαθής,, "having learned much,"The term was first recorded in written English in the early seventeenth century Latin: uomo universalis, "universal man") is a person whose expertise spans a significant number of different subject areas—such a person is known to draw on complex bodies of knowledge to solve specific problems.
The Porteus Maze test (PMT) is a psychological test.
Problem solving consists of using generic or ad hoc methods, in an orderly manner, to find solutions to problems.
The Prometheus Society is a high IQ society, similar to Mensa International, but much more restrictive.
Psychometrics is a field of study concerned with the theory and technique of psychological measurement.
Robert Travis Osborne (October 20, 1913 – May 28, 2013) was an American psychologist.
The connection between race and intelligence has been a subject of debate in both popular science and academic research since the inception of IQ testing in the early 20th century.
Raven's Progressive Matrices (often referred to simply as Raven's Matrices) or RPM is a nonverbal group test typically used in educational settings.
Raymond Bernard Cattell (20 March 1905 – 2 February 1998) was a British and American psychologist, known for his psychometric research into intrapersonal psychological structure.
Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, establishing and verifying facts, applying logic, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information.
The study of religiosity and intelligence explores the link between religiosity and issues related to intelligence and educational level (by country and on the individual level).
The Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales (RIAS) is an individually administered test of intelligence that includes a co-normed, supplemental measure of memory.
Richard J. Herrnstein (May 20, 1930 – September 13, 1994) was an American psychologist and sociologist.
Richard J. Haier is an American psychologist best known for his work on the neural basis of human intelligence psychometrics, general intelligence, and sex and intelligence.
Richard Lynn (born 20 February 1930) is an English psychologist and author.
Risk intelligence is a concept that generally means "beyond risk management", though it has been used in different ways by different writers.
Robert A. Gordon (born August 10, 1932) is an American sociologist best known for his work on intelligence, criminality, and race.
Robert Sternberg (born December 8, 1949) is an American psychologist and psychometrician.
Robert Mearns Yerkes (May 26, 1876 – February 3, 1956) was an American psychologist, ethologist, eugenicist and primatologist best known for his work in intelligence testing and in the field of comparative psychology.
Ronald K. Hoeflin (born February 23, 1944) is an American philosopher by trade, creator of the MegaMorris, Scot.
Ruth Fulton Benedict (June 5, 1887September 17, 1948) was an American anthropologist and folklorist.
Sandra Wood Scarr (born August 1936) is an American psychologist and writer.
Scott Barry Kaufman (born June 3, 1979) is an American psychologist, author, and popular science writer known for his research and writing on intelligence and creativity.
Sex differences in psychology are differences in the mental functions and behaviors of the sexes, and are due to a complex interplay of biological, developmental, and cultural factors.
Seymour William Itzkoff (born 1928) is an American professor known for his research into intelligence.
Social intelligence, the capacity to know oneself and to know others, is as inalienable a part of the human condition as is the capacity to know objects or sounds, and it deserves to be investigated no less than these other "less charged" forms.
Spatial Intelligence is an area in the theory of multiple intelligences that deals with spatial judgment and the ability to visualize with the mind's eye.
Spiritual intelligence is a term used by some philosophers, psychologists, and developmental theorists to indicate spiritual parallels with IQ (Intelligence Quotient) and EQ (Emotional Quotient).
A standardized test is a test that is administered and scored in a consistent, or "standard", manner.
The Stanford–Binet Intelligence Scales (or more commonly the Stanford–Binet) is an individually administered intelligence test that was revised from the original Binet–Simon Scale by Lewis M. Terman, a psychologist at Stanford University.
Stephen J. Ceci is an American psychologist at Cornell University.
Théodore Simon (10 July 1872 – 4 September 1961) was a French psychologist who worked with Alfred Binet to develop the Binet-Simon scale, one of the most widely used scales in the world for measuring intelligence.
The theory of multiple intelligences differentiates human intelligence into specific 'modalities', rather than seeing intelligence as dominated by a single general ability.
Thomas J. Bouchard Jr. (born October 3, 1937) is an American psychologist and geneticist.
Timothy C. Bates (born 1963) is a professor of individual differences in psychology at the University of Edinburgh (Scotland).
Timothy Zook Keith is an American psychologist.
The triarchic theory of intelligence was formulated by Robert J. Sternberg, a prominent figure in research of human intelligence.
The Triple Nine Society (TNS) is an international high IQ society for adults whose score on a standardised test demonstrates an IQ at or above the 99.9th percentile of the human population.
Ulric Gustav Neisser (December 8, 1928 – February 17, 2012) was a German-born American psychologist and member of the US National Academy of Sciences. He has been referred to as the "father of cognitive psychology." Neisser researched and wrote about perception and memory.
Understanding is a psychological process related to an abstract or physical object, such as a person, situation, or message whereby one is able to think about it and use concepts to deal adequately with that object.
Verbal reasoning is understanding and reasoning using concepts framed in words.
Vernon's verbal-perceptual model is a theory about the structure of intelligence proposed by Philip E. Vernon in 1964 (Vernon, 1964, 1965).
The visual system is the part of the central nervous system which gives organisms the ability to process visual detail, as well as enabling the formation of several non-image photo response functions.
Volition or will is the cognitive process by which an individual decides on and commits to a particular course of action.
Volkmar Weiss (born 23 May 1944 in Zwickau, Saxony) is a German scientist and writer, primarily interested in the field of IQ research.
The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) is an IQ test designed to measure intelligence and cognitive ability in adults and older adolescents.
The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC), developed by David Wechsler, is an individually administered intelligence test for children between the ages of 6 and 16.
The Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI) is an intelligence test designed for children ages 2 years 6 months to 7 years 7 months developed by David Wechsler in 1967.
William Stern (29 April 1871 – 27 March 1938), born Ludwig Wilhelm Stern, was a German psychologist and philosopher noted as a pioneer in the field of the psychology of personality and intelligence.
The Wonderlic Personnel Test (formerly known as the Wonderlic Cognitive Ability Test) is a popular group intelligence test used to assess the aptitude of prospective employees for learning and problem-solving in a range of occupations.
The Woodcock–Johnson Tests of Cognitive Abilities is a set of intelligence tests first developed in 1977 by Richard Woodcock and Mary E. Bonner Johnson.
Working memory is a cognitive system with a limited capacity that is responsible for temporarily holding information available for processing.