139 relations: A Secular Humanist Declaration, Agnosticism, Albert Einstein, American Humanist Association, Amsterdam Declaration, Ancient Greek philosophy, Antihumanism, Arthur C. Clarke, Atheism, Authoritarianism, Barbara Smoker, Bertrand Russell, Bill Hayden, Bodhisattva, Carl Sagan, Celebrancy, Center for Inquiry, Charles Francis Potter, Christian existentialism, Christian humanism, Common good, Compassion, Corliss Lamont, Creativity, Critical theory, Deconstruction, Dignity, Divinity, E. M. Forster, E. O. Wilson, Empiricism, Ethics, Evolution, Evolutionary Humanism, Existential humanism, Experience, Experiment, Extropianism, F. C. S. Schiller, Faith, First Humanist Society of New York, Freethought, Gareth Evans (politician), Gene Roddenberry, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Global citizenship, Happy Human, Human condition, Human rights, Humanism, ..., Humanism in France, Humanist Association of Ireland, Humanist Canada, Humanist celebrant, Humanist International, Humanist Manifesto, Humanist Movement, Humanist Party, Humanist Society Scotland, Humanistic Judaism, Humanistic psychology, Humanists UK, Humanitarianism, Humanity+, Ibn Warraq, Icelandic Ethical Humanist Association, Imagination, Infinitism, Institute for Humanist Studies, Integral humanism (India), International Humanist and Ethical Union, Isaac Asimov, John Dewey, John Ralston Saul, Julian Huxley, Justice, Knowledge, Kurt Vonnegut, Liberty, Life stance, List of secular humanists, Logic, Marxist humanism, Michael Shermer, Moral universalism, Mysticism, N. Katherine Hayles, National Secular Society, Naturalism (philosophy), Nature, New Humanism, Nontheism, Nonviolence, Norwegian Humanist Association, Observation, Outline (list), Outline of Earth sciences, Outline of transhumanism, Paul Kurtz, Personism, Peter Singer, Petrarch, Philip Nitschke, Philip Pullman, Phillip Adams, Philosophical movement, Philosophical skepticism, Philosophy, Posthumanism, Pragmatism, Rationalism, Rationalist International, Rationality, Raymond Bragg, Reason, Religious humanism, Renaissance humanism, Renaissance humanism in Northern Europe, Revelation, Richard Dawkins, Richard Feynman, Robyn Williams, Roy Wood Sellars, Scientific method, Secular humanism, Secularism, Secularity, Skeptical movement, Social movement, Social psychology, Social responsibility, Steve Allen, Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Mann, Tim Flannery, Tradition, Unitarian Universalism, What I Believe, World peace. Expand index (89 more) » « Shrink index
A Secular Humanist Declaration was an argument for and statement of support for democratic secular humanism.
Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown or unknowable.
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).
The American Humanist Association (AHA) is an educational organization in the United States that advances secular humanism, a philosophy of life that, without theism or other supernatural beliefs, affirms the ability and responsibility of human beings to lead personal lives of ethical fulfillment that aspire to the greater good of humanity.
The Amsterdam Declaration 2002 is a statement of the fundamental principles of modern Humanism passed unanimously by the General Assembly of the International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) at the 50th anniversary World Humanist Congress in 2002.
Ancient Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BC and continued throughout the Hellenistic period and the period in which Ancient Greece was part of the Roman Empire.
In social theory and philosophy, antihumanism (or anti-humanism) is a theory that is critical of traditional humanism and traditional ideas about humanity and the human condition.
Sir Arthur Charles Clarke (16 December 1917 – 19 March 2008) was a British science fiction writer, science writer and futurist, inventor, undersea explorer, and television series host.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms.
Barbara Smoker (born 2 June 1923) is a British Humanist activist and freethought advocate.
Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970) was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, writer, social critic, political activist, and Nobel laureate.
William George Hayden (born 23 January 1933) is a former Australian politician who served as the 21st Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1989 to 1996.
In Buddhism, Bodhisattva is the Sanskrit term for anyone who has generated Bodhicitta, a spontaneous wish and compassionate mind to attain Buddhahood for the benefit of all sentient beings. Bodhisattvas are a popular subject in Buddhist art.
Carl Edward Sagan (November 9, 1934 – December 20, 1996) was an American astronomer, cosmologist, astrophysicist, astrobiologist, author, science popularizer, and science communicator in astronomy and other natural sciences.
Celebrancy is a movement to provide agents to officiate at ceremonies often reserved in law to clergy or officers of the courts.
The Center for Inquiry (CFI) is a nonprofit educational organization.
Christian existentialism is a theo-philosophical movement which takes an existentialist approach to Christian theology.
Christian humanism is a philosophy that combines Christian ethics and humanist principles.
In philosophy, economics, and political science, the common good (also commonwealth, common weal or general welfare) refers to either what is shared and beneficial for all or most members of a given community, or alternatively, what is achieved by citizenship, collective action, and active participation in the realm of politics and public service.
Compassion motivates people to go out of their way to help the physical, mental, or emotional pains of another and themselves.
Corliss Lamont (March 28, 1902 – April 26, 1995) was an American socialist philosopher and advocate of various left-wing and civil liberties causes.
Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something new and somehow valuable is formed.
Critical theory is a school of thought that stresses the reflective assessment and critique of society and culture by applying knowledge from the social sciences and the humanities.
Deconstruction is a critique of the relationship between text and meaning originated by the philosopher Jacques Derrida.
Dignity is the right of a person to be valued and respected for their own sake, and to be treated ethically.
In religion, divinity or godhead is the state of things that are believed to come from a supernatural power or deity, such as a god, supreme being, creator deity, or spirits, and are therefore regarded as sacred and holy.
Edward Morgan Forster (1 January 18797 June 1970) was an English novelist, short story writer, essayist and librettist.
Edward Osborne Wilson (born June 10, 1929), usually cited as E. O. Wilson, is an American biologist, researcher, theorist, naturalist and author.
In philosophy, empiricism is a theory that states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience.
Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.
The book "New Bottles for New Wine" by Julian Huxley, 1957, contains a collection of his essays beginning with "Transhumanism" and ending with "Evolutionary Humanism".
Existential humanism is humanism that validates the human subject as struggling for self-knowledge and self-responsibility.
Experience is the knowledge or mastery of an event or subject gained through involvement in or exposure to it.
An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis.
Extropianism, also referred to as the philosophy of Extropy, is an "evolving framework of values and standards for continuously improving the human condition".
Ferdinand Canning Scott Schiller (16 August 1864 – 6 August 1937), usually cited as F. C. S. Schiller, was a German-British philosopher.
In the context of religion, one can define faith as confidence or trust in a particular system of religious belief, within which faith may equate to confidence based on some perceived degree of warrant, in contrast to the general sense of faith being a belief without evidence.
In 1929 Charles Francis Potter founded the First Humanist Society of New York whose advisory board included Julian Huxley, John Dewey, Albert Einstein, and Thomas Mann.
Freethought (or "free thought") is a philosophical viewpoint which holds that positions regarding truth should be formed on the basis of logic, reason, and empiricism, rather than authority, tradition, revelation, or dogma.
Gareth John Evans AC, QC (born 5 September 1944), is an Australian international policymaker and former politician.
Eugene Wesley Roddenberry (August 19, 1921 – October 24, 1991) was an American television screenwriter and producer.
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (24 February 1463 – 17 November 1494) was an Italian Renaissance nobleman and philosopher.
Global citizenship is the idea of all persons having rights and civic responsibilities that come with being a member of the world, with whole-world philosophy and sensibilities, rather than as a citizen of a particular nation or place.
The Happy Human is an icon that has been adopted as an international symbol of secular humanism.
The human condition is "the characteristics, key events, and situations which compose the essentials of human existence, such as birth, growth, emotionality, aspiration, conflict, and mortality".
Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.
Humanism is a philosophical and ethical stance that emphasizes the value and agency of human beings, individually and collectively, and generally prefers critical thinking and evidence (rationalism and empiricism) over acceptance of dogma or superstition.
Humanism in France found its way from Italy, but did not become a distinct movement until the 16th century was well on its way.
The Humanist Association of Ireland (HAI) is an Irish secular humanist organisation that was founded in 1993 to promote Humanism, which they describe as: an ethical philosophy of life, based on a concern for humanity in general, and for human individuals in particular.
Humanist Canada (also known as the Humanist Association of Canada, or HAC) is a national not-for-profit charitable organization promoting the separation of religion from public policy and fostering the development of reason, compassion and critical thinking for all Canadians through secular education and community support.
A humanist celebrant or humanist officiant is a person who performs secular humanist celebrancy services for weddings, funerals, child namings, coming of age ceremonies and other rituals.
The Humanist International is a consortium of Humanist political parties, founded in Florence, Italy, on January 4, 1989, by the approval of foundational documents and statutes by over 40 Humanist Parties from around the world.
Humanist Manifesto is the title of three manifestos laying out a Humanist worldview.
The Humanist Movement is an international volunteer organisation that promotes nonviolence and non-discrimination.
The Humanist Party was launched on 8 March 1984 by the Department of Social Affairs of the Community for Human Development.
Humanist Society Scotland is a Scottish registered charity that promotes humanist views and offers Humanist ceremonies.
Humanistic Judaism (Yahdut Humanistit) is a Jewish movement that offers a nontheistic alternative in contemporary Jewish life.
Humanistic psychology is a psychological perspective that rose to prominence in the mid-20th century in answer to the limitations of Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory and B. F. Skinner's behaviorism.
Humanists UK, known from 1967 until May 2017 as the British Humanist Association (BHA), is a charitable organisation which promotes Humanism and aims to represent "people who seek to live good lives without religious or superstitious beliefs" in the United Kingdom by campaigning on issues relating to humanism, secularism, and human rights.
Humanitarianism is an active belief in the value of human life, whereby humans practice benevolent treatment and provide assistance to other humans, in order to better humanity for moral, altruistic and logical reasons.
Humanity Plus (also Humanity+, Inc. formerly the World Transhumanist Association) is an international organization which advocates the ethical use of emerging technologies to enhance human capacities.
Ibn Warraq is the pen name of an anonymous author critical of Islam.
The Icelandic Ethical Humanist Association is closely tied with the Norwegian Human-Etisk Forbund (HEF) and is a member of the International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU).
Imagination is the capacity to produce images, ideas and sensations in the mind without any immediate input of the senses (such as seeing or hearing).
Infinitism is the view that knowledge may be justified by an infinite chain of reasons.
The Institute for Humanist Studies (IHS) is a think tank based in Washington, DC, USA, that says it is "committed to information and practices meant to address the sociopolitical, economic and cultural challenges facing communities within the United States and within a global context." IHS, consistent with the American Humanist Association and the International Humanist and Ethical Union, says that it understands humanism to be “a progressive philosophy of life that, without theism and other supernatural beliefs, affirms our ability and responsibility to lead ethical lives of personal fulfillment that aspire to the greater good of humanity.” The IHS was established in 2009 as the successor of the Institute for Humanist Studies, Inc., in Albany, New York.
Integral humanism is a philosophical and scientific thought developed by Deendayal Upadhyaya and adopted by the Jana Sangh in 1965 as its official philosophy.
The International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) is an umbrella organisation of humanist, atheist, rationalist, secular, skeptic, freethought and Ethical Culture organisations worldwide.
Isaac Asimov (January 2, 1920 – April 6, 1992) was an American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.
John Dewey (October 20, 1859 – June 1, 1952) was an American philosopher, psychologist, Georgist, and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform.
John Ralston Saul, (born June 19, 1947) is a Canadian award-winning philosopher, novelist and essayist.
Sir Julian Sorell Huxley FRS (22 June 1887 – 14 February 1975) was a British evolutionary biologist, eugenicist, and internationalist.
Justice is the legal or philosophical theory by which fairness is administered.
Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning.
Kurt Vonnegut Jr. (November 11, 1922April 11, 2007) was an American writer.
Liberty, in politics, consists of the social, political, and economic freedoms to which all community members are entitled.
A person's life stance, or lifestance, is their relation with what they accept as being of ultimate importance.
This is a partial list of notable secular humanists.
Logic (from the logikḗ), originally meaning "the word" or "what is spoken", but coming to mean "thought" or "reason", is a subject concerned with the most general laws of truth, and is now generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of valid inference.
Marxist humanism is a branch of Marxism that primarily focuses on Marx's earlier writings, especially the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 in which Marx espoused his theory of alienation, as opposed to his later works, which are considered to be concerned more with his structural conception of capitalist society.
Michael Brant Shermer (born September 8, 1954) is an American science writer, historian of science, founder of The Skeptics Society, and editor-in-chief of its magazine Skeptic, which is largely devoted to investigating pseudoscientific and supernatural claims.
Moral universalism (also called moral objectivism or universal morality) is the meta-ethical position that some system of ethics, or a universal ethic, applies universally, that is, for "all similarly situated individuals", regardless of culture, race, sex, religion, nationality, sexual orientation, or any other distinguishing feature.
Mysticism is the practice of religious ecstasies (religious experiences during alternate states of consciousness), together with whatever ideologies, ethics, rites, myths, legends, and magic may be related to them.
The National Secular Society (NSS) is a British campaigning organisation that promotes secularism and the separation of church and state.
In philosophy, naturalism is the "idea or belief that only natural (as opposed to supernatural or spiritual) laws and forces operate in the world." Adherents of naturalism (i.e., naturalists) assert that natural laws are the rules that govern the structure and behavior of the natural universe, that the changing universe at every stage is a product of these laws.
Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, or material world or universe.
New Humanism or neohumanism were terms applied to a theory of literary criticism, together with its consequences for culture and political thought, developed around 1900 by the American scholar Irving Babbitt, and the scholar and journalist Paul Elmer More.
Nontheism or non-theism is a range of both religious and nonreligious attitudes characterized by the absence of espoused belief in a God or gods.
Nonviolence is the personal practice of being harmless to self and others under every condition.
The Norwegian Humanist Association (Human-Etisk Forbund, HEF) is one of the largest secular humanist associations in the world, with 84,300 members.
Observation is the active acquisition of information from a primary source.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Earth science: Earth science – all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth.
The following outline provides an overview of and a topical guide to transhumanism: Transhumanism – international intellectual and cultural movement that affirms the possibility and desirability of fundamentally transforming the human condition by developing and making widely available technologies to eliminate aging and to greatly enhance human intellectual, physical, and psychological capacities.
Paul Kurtz (December 21, 1925 – October 20, 2012) was a prominent American scientific skeptic and secular humanist.
Personism is an ethical philosophy of personhood as typified by the thought of the utilitarian philosopher Peter Singer.
Peter Albert David Singer, AC (born 6 July 1946) is an Australian moral philosopher.
Francesco Petrarca (July 20, 1304 – July 18/19, 1374), commonly anglicized as Petrarch, was a scholar and poet of Renaissance Italy who was one of the earliest humanists.
Philip Haig Nitschke (born 8 August 1947) is an Australian humanist, author, former physician and founder and director of the pro-euthanasia group Exit International.
Philip Pullman CBE, FRSL (born 19 October 1946) is an English novelist.
Phillip Andrew Hedley Adams, AO, FAHA, FRSA (born 12 July 1939) is an Australian humanist, social commentator, broadcaster, public intellectual and farmer.
A philosophical movement is either the appearance or increased popularity of a specific school of philosophy, or a fairly broad but identifiable sea-change in philosophical thought on a particular subject.
Philosophical skepticism (UK spelling: scepticism; from Greek σκέψις skepsis, "inquiry") is a philosophical school of thought that questions the possibility of certainty in knowledge.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
Posthumanism or post-humanism (meaning "after humanism" or "beyond humanism") is a term with at least seven definitions according to philosopher Francesca Ferrando.
Pragmatism is a philosophical tradition that began in the United States around 1870.
In philosophy, rationalism is the epistemological view that "regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge" or "any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification".
Rationalist International is an organization with the stated aim to represent a rational view of the world, making the voice of reason heard and considered where public opinion is formed and decisions are made.
Rationality is the quality or state of being rational – that is, being based on or agreeable to reason.
Raymond Bennett Bragg (1902–1979) was an American Unitarian minister who played a key role in the writing of the Humanist Manifesto and eventually signing Humanist Manifesto.
Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, establishing and verifying facts, applying logic, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information.
Religious humanism is an integration of humanist ethical philosophy with congregational but non-theistic rituals and community activity which center on human needs, interests, and abilities.
Renaissance humanism is the study of classical antiquity, at first in Italy and then spreading across Western Europe in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries.
Renaissance Humanism came much later to Germany and Northern Europe in general than to Italy, and when it did, it encountered some resistance from the scholastic theology which reigned at the universities.
In religion and theology, revelation is the revealing or disclosing of some form of truth or knowledge through communication with a deity or other supernatural entity or entities.
Clinton Richard Dawkins (born 26 March 1941) is an English ethologist, evolutionary biologist, and author.
Richard Phillips Feynman (May 11, 1918 – February 15, 1988) was an American theoretical physicist, known for his work in the path integral formulation of quantum mechanics, the theory of quantum electrodynamics, and the physics of the superfluidity of supercooled liquid helium, as well as in particle physics for which he proposed the parton model.
Robyn Williams (born 1944) is a science journalist and broadcaster resident in Australia who has hosted the Science Show on the Australian Broadcasting Corporation since 1975, Ockham's Razor (created 1984) and In Conversation (created 1997).
Roy Wood Sellars (1880, Seaforth, Ontario – September 5, 1973, Ann Arbor) was a Canadian philosopher of critical realism and religious humanism, and a proponent of evolutionary naturalism.
Scientific method is an empirical method of knowledge acquisition, which has characterized the development of natural science since at least the 17th century, involving careful observation, which includes rigorous skepticism about what one observes, given that cognitive assumptions about how the world works influence how one interprets a percept; formulating hypotheses, via induction, based on such observations; experimental testing and measurement of deductions drawn from the hypotheses; and refinement (or elimination) of the hypotheses based on the experimental findings.
Secular humanism is a philosophy or life stance that embraces human reason, ethics, and philosophical naturalism while specifically rejecting religious dogma, supernaturalism, pseudoscience, and superstition as the basis of morality and decision making.
Secularism is the principle of the separation of government institutions and persons mandated to represent the state from religious institution and religious dignitaries (the attainment of such is termed secularity).
Secularity (adjective form secular, from Latin saeculum meaning "worldly", "of a generation", "temporal", or a span of about 100 years) is the state of being separate from religion, or of not being exclusively allied with or against any particular religion.
The skeptical movement (also spelled sceptical) is a modern social movement based on the idea of scientific skepticism (also called rational skepticism).
A social movement is a type of group action.
Social psychology is the study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others.
Social responsibility is an ethical framework and suggests that an entity, be it an organization or individual, has an obligation to act for the benefit of society at large.
Stephen Valentine Patrick William Allen (December 26, 1921 – October 30, 2000) was an American television personality, radio personality, musician, composer, actor, comedian, writer, and advocate of scientific skepticism.
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.
Paul Thomas Mann (6 June 1875 – 12 August 1955) was a German novelist, short story writer, social critic, philanthropist, essayist, and the 1929 Nobel Prize in Literature laureate.
Timothy Fridtjof "Tim" Flannery (born 28 January 1956) is an Australian mammalogist, palaeontologist, environmentalist, Australia's leading conservationist, explorer, and global warming activist.
A tradition is a belief or behavior passed down within a group or society with symbolic meaning or special significance with origins in the past.
Unitarian Universalism (UU) is a liberal religion characterized by a "free and responsible search for truth and meaning".
"What I Believe" is the title of two essays espousing humanism, one by Bertrand Russell (1925) and one by E. M. Forster (1938).
World peace, or peace on Earth, is the concept of an ideal state of happiness, freedom and peace within and among all people and nations on earth.