Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Install
Faster access than browser!
 

Outline of immunology

Index Outline of immunology

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to immunology: Immunology is the study of all aspects of the immune system in all organisms. [1]

972 relations: ACKR3, Active immunotherapy, Acute proliferative glomerulonephritis, Acute-phase protein, Adaptive immune system, Addison's disease, Addressin, Adipose tissue macrophages, Adjuvant, Adoptive cell transfer, Adoptive immunity, Affinity maturation, Allelic exclusion, Allergen, Allergen immunotherapy, Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, Allergic contact dermatitis, Allergic rhinitis, Allergy, Alloimmunity, Allotransplantation, Allotype (immunology), Alpha 1-antichymotrypsin, Alpha-1 antitrypsin, Alpha-2-Macroglobulin, Alpha-5 beta-1, Alpha-taxilin, Alpha-v beta-3, Alpha-v beta-5, Alternative complement pathway, Alveolar macrophage, Amyloid, Anaphylatoxin receptors, Anaphylaxis, Antibody, Antibody opsonization, Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, Antigen, Antigen presentation, Antigen-antibody interaction, Antigenicity, Antimicrobial peptides, AP-1 transcription factor, APRIL (protein), Artemis complex, Arthus reaction, Artificial induction of immunity, Asialoglycoprotein, Asthma, Atopic dermatitis, ..., Atopy, Autoantibody, Autoimmune disease, Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Autoimmune hepatitis, Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome, Autoimmunity, Autologous immune enhancement therapy, B cell, B-1 cell, B-cell activating factor, B-cell maturation antigen, B-cell receptor, BAFF receptor, Band cell, Basophil, BCL6, BioMed Central, Biomedical sciences, Blood, Bone, Bone marrow, Bone marrow-derived macrophage, Bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue, Bullous pemphigoid, C-C chemokine receptor type 6, C-C chemokine receptor type 7, C-reactive protein, C1-inhibitor, C3-convertase, C3a (complement), C3a receptor, C3b, C4b-binding protein, C5-convertase, C5a receptor, C8 complex, Cadherin, CADM3, Cancer immunology, Cancer immunotherapy, Carcinoembryonic antigen, CARD domain, CC chemokine receptors, CCL1, CCL11, CCL12, CCL13, CCL14, CCL15, CCL16, CCL17, CCL18, CCL19, CCL2, CCL20, CCL21, CCL22, CCL23, CCL24, CCL25, CCL26, CCL27, CCL28, CCL3, CCL4, CCL5, CCL6, CCL7, CCL8, CCL9, CCR1, CCR10, CCR2, CCR3 (gene), CCR4, CCR5, CCR8 (gene), CCR9, CD117, CD134, CD137, CD146, CD153, CD154, CD164, CD19, CD2, CD22, CD23, CD24, CD244, CD27, CD278, CD28, CD3 (immunology), CD30, CD31, CD33, CD34, CD36, CD3D, CD3G, CD4, CD40 (protein), CD44, CD48, CD58, CD64 (biology), CD68, CD69, CD70, CD79, CD79A, CD79B, CD8, CD80, CD81, CD84, CD86, CD8A, CEACAM1, CEACAM16, CEACAM18, CEACAM19, CEACAM20, CEACAM21, CEACAM3, CEACAM4, CEACAM5, CEACAM6, CEACAM7, CEACAM8, Cell adhesion molecule, Cell adhesion molecule 1, Cell-mediated immunity, Central nervous system, Central tolerance, Ceruloplasmin, CFU-Baso, CFU-DL, CFU-Eos, CFU-GEMM, CFU-GM, CFU-Mast, CFU-Meg, Chemokine, Chemokine receptor, CHL1, CIITA, Classical complement pathway, CLEC10A, CLEC12A, CLEC1B, CLEC4A, CLEC4C, CLEC5A, CLEC7A, Clonal anergy, Clonal deletion, Clonal selection, Co-stimulation, Coeliac disease, Collectin, Colony-stimulating factor, Common gamma chain, Complement component 1q, Complement component 1r, Complement component 1s, Complement component 2, Complement component 3, Complement component 4, Complement component 5, Complement component 5a, Complement component 6, Complement component 7, Complement component 9, Complement deficiency, Complement factor B, Complement factor I, Complement membrane attack complex, Complement receptor, Complement receptor 1, Complement receptor 2, Complement receptor of the immunoglobulin family, Complement system, Complementarity-determining region, Computational immunology, Coxsackie virus and adenovirus receptor, Cross-presentation, Cross-reactivity, CSF2RB, CTLA-4, Cutaneous small-vessel vasculitis, CX3CL1, CX3CR1, CXC chemokine receptors, CXCL1, CXCL10, CXCL11, CXCL13, CXCL14, CXCL15, CXCL16, CXCL17, CXCL2, CXCL3, CXCL5, CXCL6, CXCL7, CXCL9, CXCR3, CXCR4, CXCR5, CXCR6, Cytokine, Cytokine receptor, Cytokine release syndrome, Cytotoxic T cell, Cytotoxicity, DC-SIGN, Death receptor 3, Death receptor 4, Death receptor 5, Death receptor 6, Decay-accelerating factor, Decoy receptor 1, Decoy receptor 2, Decoy receptor 3, Defensin, Dendritic cell, Dermis, Developmental Studies Hybridoma Bank, Diabetes mellitus type 1, E-selectin, Ecoimmunology, Ectodysplasin A, Ectodysplasin A2 receptor, Egg allergy, Eicosanoid receptor, Eosinophil, Epithelioid cell, Epithelium, Epitope, Erythropoiesis, Erythropoietin, Erythropoietin receptor, ESAM (gene), Experiments in immunology, Eye, Factor D, Factor H, Farmer's lung, Fas ligand, Fas receptor, Fc receptor, Fc receptor-like molecule, FCAR, FCER1, FCER1A, FCER1G, FCGR2A, FCGR2B, FCGR3A, FCGR3B, Fcα/μR, FCN1, FCN2, FCN3, FCRL1, FCRL2, FCRL3, FCRL4, FCRL5, FCRLA, Ferritin, Fibrin, Fibrinogen, Fibronectin, Ficolin, Flow cytometry, Follicular B cell, Follicular B helper T cells, Follicular dendritic cells, Food allergy, Foreign-body giant cell, Formyl peptide receptor, Formyl peptide receptor 1, Formyl peptide receptor 2, Formyl peptide receptor 3, FOXP3, Fragment antigen-binding, Fragment crystallizable region, Framework region, Fungus, G protein–coupled receptor, Gamma delta T cell, Garlic allergy, Gastric acid, GATA3, Genetically modified mouse, Giant cell, Giant-cell arteritis, GLYCAM1, Glycoprotein 130, Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa, Goodpasture syndrome, GPR77, Graft-versus-host disease, Granulocyte, Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor, Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor, Granuloma, Granulopoiesis, Graves' disease, Growth hormone receptor, Guillain–Barré syndrome, Gut-associated lymphoid tissue, Haematopoiesis, Hapten, Haptoglobin, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Hemolytic disease of the newborn, Hemopexin, Henoch–Schönlein purpura, Herd immunity, Herpesvirus entry mediator, Histiocyte, Histology, Hives, HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C, HLA-DM, HLA-DMA, HLA-DMB, HLA-DO, HLA-DOA, HLA-DOB, HLA-DP, HLA-DPB1, HLA-DQ, HLA-DQA2, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DQB2, HLA-DQB3, HLA-DR, HLA-DRA, HLA-DRB1, HLA-DRB3 (gene), HLA-DRB4, HLA-DRB5, HLA-E, HLA-F, HLA-G, Hofbauer cell, Humoral immunity, Hybridoma technology, Hypersensitivity, Hypersensitivity pneumonitis, Hypervariable region, IC3b, ICAM-1, ICAM2, ICAM3, ICAM4, ICAM5, Idiotype, IFNAR1, IFNAR2, IgSF CAM, IL 17 family, IL-2 receptor, IL13RA2, IL17A, IL17RA, IL17RB, IL17RC, IL17RD, IL18R1, IL18RAP, IL1A, IL1RAP, IL1RL1, IL22RA1, IL2RA, IL2RB, IL36A, IL36B, IL36G, IL3RA, Immune complex, Immune disorder, Immune repertoire, Immune system, Immune thrombocytopenic purpura, Immune tolerance, Immune tolerance in pregnancy, Immunity (medical), Immunization, Immunoadsorption, Immunoassay, Immunochemistry, Immunodeficiency, Immunodermatology, Immunofixation, Immunofluorescence, Immunogen, Immunogenetics, Immunoglobulin A, Immunoglobulin class switching, Immunoglobulin D, Immunoglobulin E, Immunoglobulin G, Immunoglobulin heavy chain, Immunoglobulin light chain, Immunoglobulin M, Immunoglobulin superfamily, Immunological synapse, Immunology, Immunomics, Immunopathology, Immunophysics, Immunoproliferative disorder, Immunoproteomics, Immunostimulant, Immunosuppression, Immunosuppressive drug, Immunotherapy, Immunotoxicology, In situ, In vitro, In vivo, Inflammasome, Inflammation, Inflammatory bowel disease, Inflammatory reflex, Inhibitor of apoptosis domain, Innate immune system, Innate lymphoid cell, Integrin, Integrin alpha 1, Integrin alpha 10, Integrin alpha 11, Integrin alpha 2, Integrin alpha 2b, Integrin alpha 3, Integrin alpha 4, Integrin alpha 5, Integrin alpha 6, Integrin alpha 7, Integrin alpha 8, Integrin alpha 9, Integrin alpha D, Integrin alpha L, Integrin alpha M, Integrin alpha V, Integrin alpha X, Integrin alphaXbeta2, Integrin beta 1, Integrin beta 2, Integrin beta 3, Integrin beta 4, Integrin beta 5, Integrin beta 6, Integrin beta 7, Integrin beta 8, Intercellular adhesion molecule, Interferon, Interferon gamma, Interferon gamma receptor 1, Interferon gamma receptor 2, Interferon regulatory factors, Interferon type I, Interferon type II, Interferon-alpha/beta receptor, Interferon-gamma receptor, Interleukin, Interleukin 1 beta, Interleukin 1 receptor antagonist, Interleukin 1 receptor, type I, Interleukin 1 receptor, type II, Interleukin 10, Interleukin 10 receptor, alpha subunit, Interleukin 10 receptor, beta subunit, Interleukin 11, Interleukin 11 receptor alpha subunit, Interleukin 12, Interleukin 12 receptor, beta 1 subunit, Interleukin 12 receptor, beta 2 subunit, Interleukin 13, Interleukin 13 receptor, alpha 1, Interleukin 15, Interleukin 15 receptor, alpha subunit, Interleukin 16, Interleukin 17, Interleukin 18, Interleukin 19, Interleukin 2, Interleukin 20, Interleukin 20 receptor, alpha subunit, Interleukin 20 receptor, beta subunit, Interleukin 21, Interleukin 22, Interleukin 23, Interleukin 24, Interleukin 25, Interleukin 26, Interleukin 27, Interleukin 27 receptor, alpha subunit, Interleukin 28, Interleukin 28 receptor, alpha subunit, Interleukin 28B, Interleukin 29, Interleukin 3, Interleukin 30, Interleukin 31, Interleukin 32, Interleukin 33, Interleukin 34, Interleukin 35, Interleukin 37, Interleukin 4, Interleukin 5, Interleukin 5 receptor alpha subunit, Interleukin 6, Interleukin 7, Interleukin 8, Interleukin 8 receptor, alpha, Interleukin 8 receptor, beta, Interleukin 9, Interleukin-1 receptor, Interleukin-1 receptor family, Interleukin-10 receptor, Interleukin-11 receptor, Interleukin-12 receptor, Interleukin-13 receptor, Interleukin-15 receptor, Interleukin-18 receptor, Interleukin-20 receptor, Interleukin-21 receptor, Interleukin-22 receptor, Interleukin-23 receptor, Interleukin-27 receptor, Interleukin-28 receptor, Interleukin-3 receptor, Interleukin-4 receptor, Interleukin-5 receptor, Interleukin-6 receptor, Interleukin-7 receptor, Interleukin-7 receptor-α, Interleukin-9 receptor, Intravascular immunity, Intrinsic immunity, Isotype (immunology), ITGAE, JAK-STAT signaling pathway, JAM2, Junctional diversity, Killer activation receptor, Killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, KIR2DL1, KIR2DL4, KIR2DS1, KIR2DS4, KIR3DL1, KIR3DL2, KIR3DL3, Kupffer cell, L-selectin, L1 (protein), L1 family, Langerhans cell, Langerin, Langhans giant cell, Latex allergy, Lectin, Lectin pathway, Leukemia inhibitory factor, Leukemia inhibitory factor receptor, Leukocyte extravasation, Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptors, LGP2, LIGHT (protein), LILRA1, LILRA2, LILRA3, LILRA4, LILRB1, LILRB2, LILRB3, LILRB4, LILRB5, Linearity, List of allergens, List of autoimmune diseases, List of human clusters of differentiation, List of immunologists, List of vaccine ingredients, List of virus species, Liver, Low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor, Lung, LY75, LY9, Lymph node, Lymph node stromal cell, Lymphatic system, Lymphoblast, Lymphocyte, Lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1, Lymphocyte homing receptor, Lymphopoiesis, Lymphotoxin, Lymphotoxin alpha, Lymphotoxin beta, Lymphotoxin beta receptor, Lysozyme, Macrophage, Macrophage colony-stimulating factor, Macrophage-1 antigen, Major histocompatibility complex, Major histocompatibility complex, class II, DP alpha 1, Major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ alpha 1, Mannan-binding lectin, Mannose receptor, Mantoux test, MARCO, Marginal zone, Marginal zone B-cell, MASP1 (protein), MASP2 (protein), Mass cytometry, Mast cell, MDA5, Medical College of Georgia, Megakaryoblast, Megakaryocyte, Megakaryocyte–erythroid progenitor cell, Memory B cell, Memory T cell, Meninges, Metamyelocyte, MHC class I, MHC class II, MHC multimer, Microantibody, Microfold cell, Microglia, Milk allergy, Mimotope, Mincle receptor, Monoblast, Monoclonal antibody, Monocyte, Monocytopoiesis, MS4A2, MSR1, Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue, Mucosal associated invariant T cell, Mucosal immunology, Mucous membrane, Mucus, Multiple sclerosis, Myasthenia gravis, Myelin-associated glycoprotein, Myeloblast, Myelocyte, Myelopoiesis, NAIP (gene), Naive T cell, NALP3, National Center for Biotechnology Information, Natural killer cell, Natural killer T cell, Nature Reviews Immunology, NCR1, NCR2, NCR3, Nectin, Neonatal Fc receptor, Neoplasm, Neural cell adhesion molecule, Neuroimmune system, Neuroimmunology, Neutralisation (immunology), Neutralizing antibody, Neutrophil, NF-κB, NFAT, NFAT5, NFATC1, NFATC2, NFATC3, NFATC4, NKG2D, NLRC3, NLRC4, NLRC5, NLRP1, NLRP10, NLRP11, NLRP12, NLRP13, NLRP14, NLRP2, NLRP4, NLRP5, NLRP6, NLRP7, NLRP8, NLRP9, NLRX1, NOD-like receptor, NOD1, NOD2, Nucleated red blood cell, Nuocyte, Obligate, Ocular immune system, OLR1, Oncostatin M, Oncostatin M receptor, Open access, Opsonin, Organ transplantation, Organism, Original antigenic sin, Orosomucoid, Osteoclast, Osteoimmunology, Osteoprotegerin, Outline (list), OX40 ligand, P-selectin, Palaeoimmunology, Parasitism, Paratope, Passive immunity, Pathogen, Pathogenic bacteria, Pattern recognition receptor, Peanut allergy, Pemphigus vulgaris, Peptidoglycan recognition protein, Peptidoglycan recognition protein 1, Peptidoglycan recognition protein 2, Pericyte, Peripheral tolerance, Phagocytosis, Physiology, Placenta, Plasma cell, Plasmacytoid dendritic cell, Platelet, Platelet factor 4, Poliovirus receptor-related 1, Poliovirus receptor-related 2, Poliovirus receptor-related 3, Polyclonal antibodies, Polyclonal B cell response, Polymeric immunoglobulin receptor, Poste Montagnais Airport, Preventive healthcare, Primary immunodeficiency, Proerythroblast, Programmed cell death protein 1, Prolactin receptor, Prolymphocyte, Promegakaryocyte, Promonocyte, Promyelocyte, Properdin, Protein dimer, Protein structure, Protozoa, Psychoneuroimmunology, Pyrin domain, Rabbit hybridoma, RAG1, RAG2, RANK, RANKL, RAR-related orphan receptor gamma, Reactive arthritis, Recombination signal sequences, Recombination-activating gene, Red pulp, Regulatory T cell, Reproductive immunology, Respiratory tract, Respiratory tract antimicrobial defense system, Reticulocyte, Rheumatic fever, Rheumatoid arthritis, RIG-I, RIG-I-like receptor, RNA, S1PR1, S1PR2, S1PR3, S1PR4, S1PR5, Saliva, SCARB1, SCARB2, Scavenger receptor (immunology), Selectin, Self-protein, Sepsis, Serum albumin, Serum amyloid A, Serum amyloid P component, Serum sickness, Sialic acid, Sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectin 12, Sialoadhesin, Side effects of penicillin, SIGLEC, SIGLEC10, SIGLEC5, SIGLEC7, SIGLEC8, SIGLEC9, Signaling lymphocytic activation molecule, Sjögren syndrome, Skin, SLAMF1, SLAMF6, SLAMF7, SLAMF8, Somatic hypermutation, Soy allergy, Sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor, Spleen, Stromal cell, Stromal cell-derived factor 1, Subacute bacterial endocarditis, Superantigen, Surfactant protein A, Surfactant protein D, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Systems immunology, T cell, T helper 17 cell, T helper 3 cell, T helper cell, T-cell receptor, T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 epsilon chain, TBX21, Tears, Testicle, Testicular immunology, TGF beta receptor, TGF beta receptor 1, TGF beta receptor 2, TGF beta signaling pathway, TGFBR3, Thrombopoiesis, Thrombopoietin receptor, Thymic stromal lymphopoietin, Thymocyte, Thymus, Timeline of immunology, Tingible body macrophage, TLR 1, TLR10, TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR6, TLR7, TLR8, TLR9, TNF receptor superfamily, TNFRSF12A, TNFRSF18, TNFRSF19, TNFSF12, TNFSF18, Toll-like receptor, Toll-like receptor 11, Touton giant cell, TRA (gene), TRAIL, Transferrin, Transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease, Transmembrane activator and CAML interactor, Transplant rejection, TRD (gene), Tree nut allergy, TRG (gene), Tumor antigen, Tumor necrosis factor alpha, Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1, Tumor necrosis factor receptor 2, Tumor necrosis factor superfamily, Type I cytokine receptor, Type I hypersensitivity, Type II cytokine receptor, Type II hypersensitivity, Type III hypersensitivity, Type IV hypersensitivity, V(D)J recombination, Vaccination, Vaccine, Vaccine-naive, Vascular endothelial growth inhibitor, VCAM-1, Virus, Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, Vitronectin, VLA-4, Wheat allergy, White blood cell, White pulp, XCL1, XCL2, XCR1, 4-1BB ligand. Expand index (922 more) »

ACKR3

Atypical chemokine receptor 3 also known as C-X-C chemokine receptor type 7 (CXCR-7) and G-protein coupled receptor 159 (GPR159) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ACKR3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and ACKR3 · See more »

Active immunotherapy

Active immunotherapy is a type of immunotherapy that aims to stimulate the host's immune system or a specific immune response to a disease or pathogen and is most commonly used in cancer treatments.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Active immunotherapy · See more »

Acute proliferative glomerulonephritis

Acute proliferative glomerulonephritis is a disorder of the glomeruli (glomerulonephritis), or small blood vessels in the kidneys.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Acute proliferative glomerulonephritis · See more »

Acute-phase protein

Acute-phase proteins (APPs) are a class of proteins whose plasma concentrations increase (positive acute-phase proteins) or decrease (negative acute-phase proteins) in response to inflammation.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Acute-phase protein · See more »

Adaptive immune system

The adaptive immune system, also known as the acquired immune system or, more rarely, as the specific immune system, is a subsystem of the overall immune system that is composed of highly specialized, systemic cells and processes that eliminate pathogens or prevent their growth.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Adaptive immune system · See more »

Addison's disease

Addison's disease, also known as primary adrenal insufficiency and hypocortisolism, is a long-term endocrine disorder in which the adrenal glands do not produce enough steroid hormones.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Addison's disease · See more »

Addressin

Addressin also known as mucosal vascular addressin cell adhesion molecule 1 (MAdCAM-1) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MADCAM1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Addressin · See more »

Adipose tissue macrophages

Adipose tissue macrophages (abbr. ATMs) comprise tissue resident macrophages present in adipose tissue.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Adipose tissue macrophages · See more »

Adjuvant

An adjuvant is a pharmacological or immunological agent that modifies the effect of other agents.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Adjuvant · See more »

Adoptive cell transfer

Adoptive cell transfer (ACT) is the transfer of cells into a patient.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Adoptive cell transfer · See more »

Adoptive immunity

Adoptive immunity acts in a host after their immunological components are withdrawn, their immunological activity is modified extracorporeally, and then reinfused into the same host.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Adoptive immunity · See more »

Affinity maturation

In immunology, affinity maturation is the process by which Tfh cell-activated B cells produce antibodies with increased affinity for antigen during the course of an immune response.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Affinity maturation · See more »

Allelic exclusion

Allelic exclusion is a process by which only one allele of a gene is expressed while the other allele is silenced.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Allelic exclusion · See more »

Allergen

An allergen is a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Allergen · See more »

Allergen immunotherapy

Allergen immunotherapy, also known as desensitization or hypo-sensitization, is a medical treatment for some types of allergies.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Allergen immunotherapy · See more »

Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis

Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a condition characterised by an exaggerated response of the immune system (a hypersensitivity response) to the fungus Aspergillus (most commonly Aspergillus fumigatus).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis · See more »

Allergic contact dermatitis

Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a form of contact dermatitis that is the manifestation of an allergic response caused by contact with a substance; the other type being irritant contact dermatitis (ICD).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Allergic contact dermatitis · See more »

Allergic rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis, also known as hay fever, is a type of inflammation in the nose which occurs when the immune system overreacts to allergens in the air.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Allergic rhinitis · See more »

Allergy

Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Allergy · See more »

Alloimmunity

Alloimmunity (sometimes called isoimmunity) is an immune response to nonself antigens from members of the same species, which are called alloantigens or isoantigens.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Alloimmunity · See more »

Allotransplantation

Allotransplant (allo- meaning "other" in Greek) is the transplantation of cells, tissues, or organs, to a recipient from a genetically non-identical donor of the same species.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Allotransplantation · See more »

Allotype (immunology)

In immunology, an immunoglobulin allotype is the allele of the antibody chains found in the individual.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Allotype (immunology) · See more »

Alpha 1-antichymotrypsin

Alpha 1-antichymotrypsin (symbol α1AC, A1AC, or a1ACT) is an alpha globulin glycoprotein that is a member of the serpin superfamily.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Alpha 1-antichymotrypsin · See more »

Alpha-1 antitrypsin

Alpha-1-antitrypsin or α1-antitrypsin (A1AT, A1A, or AAT) is a protein belonging to the serpin superfamily.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Alpha-1 antitrypsin · See more »

Alpha-2-Macroglobulin

alpha-2-Macroglobulin (α2M) is a large (720 KDa) plasma protein found in the blood.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Alpha-2-Macroglobulin · See more »

Alpha-5 beta-1

α5β1 is an integrin that binds to matrix macromolecules and proteinases and thereby stimulates angiogenesis.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Alpha-5 beta-1 · See more »

Alpha-taxilin

Alpha-taxilin also known as interleukin-14 (IL-14) or high molecular weight B-cell growth factor (HMW-BCGF) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TXLNA gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Alpha-taxilin · See more »

Alpha-v beta-3

αVβ3 is a type of integrin that is a receptor for vitronectin.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Alpha-v beta-3 · See more »

Alpha-v beta-5

αVβ5 is a type of integrin that binds to matrix macromolecules and proteinases and thereby stimulates angiogenesis.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Alpha-v beta-5 · See more »

Alternative complement pathway

The alternative pathway of the complement system is an innate component of the immune system's natural defense against infections.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Alternative complement pathway · See more »

Alveolar macrophage

An alveolar macrophage (or dust cell) is a type of macrophage found in the pulmonary alveolus, near the pneumocytes, but separated from the wall.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Alveolar macrophage · See more »

Amyloid

Amyloids are aggregates of proteins that become folded into a shape that allows many copies of that protein to stick together forming fibrils.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Amyloid · See more »

Anaphylatoxin receptors

The anaphylatoxin receptors are a group of G-protein coupled receptors which bind anaphylatoxins.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Anaphylatoxin receptors · See more »

Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Anaphylaxis · See more »

Antibody

An antibody (Ab), also known as an immunoglobulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Antibody · See more »

Antibody opsonization

Antibody opsonization is the process by which the pathogen is marked for ingestion and eliminated by the phagocytes.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Antibody opsonization · See more »

Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity

The antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), also referred to as antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, is a mechanism of cell-mediated immune defense whereby an effector cell of the immune system actively lyses a target cell, whose membrane-surface antigens have been bound by specific antibodies.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity · See more »

Antigen

In immunology, an antigen is a molecule capable of inducing an immune response (to produce an antibody) in the host organism.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Antigen · See more »

Antigen presentation

Antigen presentation describes a vital immune process which is essential for T cell immune response triggering.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Antigen presentation · See more »

Antigen-antibody interaction

Antigen-antibody interaction, or antigen-antibody reaction, is a specific chemical interaction between antibodies produced by B cells of the white blood cells and antigens during immune reaction.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Antigen-antibody interaction · See more »

Antigenicity

Antigenicity is the capacity of a chemical structure (either an antigen or hapten) to bind specifically with a group of certain products that have adaptive immunity: T cell receptors or antibodies (a.k.a. B cell receptors).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Antigenicity · See more »

Antimicrobial peptides

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), also called host defense peptides (HDPs) are part of the innate immune response found among all classes of life.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Antimicrobial peptides · See more »

AP-1 transcription factor

Activator protein 1 (AP-1) is a transcription factor that regulates gene expression in response to a variety of stimuli, including cytokines, growth factors, stress, and bacterial and viral infections.

New!!: Outline of immunology and AP-1 transcription factor · See more »

APRIL (protein)

A proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL), also known as tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 13 (TNFSF13), is a protein of the TNF superfamily recognized by the cell surface receptor TACI.

New!!: Outline of immunology and APRIL (protein) · See more »

Artemis complex

The Artemis complex is a protein complex that functions in V(D)J recombination, the somatic recombination process which generates diversity in T cell receptors and immunoglobulins.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Artemis complex · See more »

Arthus reaction

In immunology, the Arthus reaction is a type of local type III hypersensitivity reaction.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Arthus reaction · See more »

Artificial induction of immunity

Artificial induction of immunity is the artificial induction of immunity to specific diseases – making people immune to disease by means other than waiting for them to catch the disease.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Artificial induction of immunity · See more »

Asialoglycoprotein

If terminal sialic acid residues are removed from glycoproteins, the resulting proteins are known as asialoglycoproteins.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Asialoglycoprotein · See more »

Asthma

Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Asthma · See more »

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis (AD), also known as atopic eczema, is a type of inflammation of the skin (dermatitis).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Atopic dermatitis · See more »

Atopy

Atopy is a predisposition toward developing certain allergic hypersensitivity reactions.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Atopy · See more »

Autoantibody

An autoantibody is an antibody (a type of protein) produced by the immune system that is directed against one or more of the individual's own proteins.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Autoantibody · See more »

Autoimmune disease

An autoimmune disease is a condition arising from an abnormal immune response to a normal body part.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Autoimmune disease · See more »

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (or autoimmune haemolytic anaemia; AIHA) occurs when antibodies directed against the person's own red blood cells (RBCs) cause them to burst (lyse), leading to an insufficient number of oxygen-carrying red blood cells in the circulation.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Autoimmune hemolytic anemia · See more »

Autoimmune hepatitis

Autoimmune hepatitis, formerly called lupoid hepatitis, is a chronic, autoimmune disease of the liver that occurs when the body's immune system attacks liver cells causing the liver to be inflamed.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Autoimmune hepatitis · See more »

Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome

Autoimmune polyendocrine syndromes (APSs), also called autoimmune polyglandular syndromes (APSs), polyglandular autoimmune syndromes (PGASs), or polyendocrine autoimmune syndromes, are a heterogeneous group of rare diseases characterized by autoimmune activity against more than one endocrine organ, although non-endocrine organs can be affected.There are three types of APS or (in terms that mean the same thing) three APSs, and there are a number of other diseases which have endocrine autoimmunity.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome · See more »

Autoimmunity

Autoimmunity is the system of immune responses of an organism against its own healthy cells and tissues.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Autoimmunity · See more »

Autologous immune enhancement therapy

Autologous immune enhancement therapy (AIET) is a treatment method in which immune cells are taken out from the patient's body which are cultured and processed to activate them until their resistance to cancer is strengthened and then the cells are put back in the body.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Autologous immune enhancement therapy · See more »

B cell

B cells, also known as B lymphocytes, are a type of white blood cell of the lymphocyte subtype.

New!!: Outline of immunology and B cell · See more »

B-1 cell

B1 cells are a sub-class of B cell lymphocytes that are involved in the humoral immune response.

New!!: Outline of immunology and B-1 cell · See more »

B-cell activating factor

B-cell activating factor (BAFF) also known as tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 13B is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TNFSF13B gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and B-cell activating factor · See more »

B-cell maturation antigen

B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA or BCM), also known as tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 17 (TNFRSF17), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TNFRSF17 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and B-cell maturation antigen · See more »

B-cell receptor

The B-cell receptor or BCR is composed of immunoglobulin molecules that form a type 1 transmembrane receptor protein usually located on the outer surface of a lymphocyte type known as B cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and B-cell receptor · See more »

BAFF receptor

BAFF receptor (B-cell activating factor receptor, BAFF-R), also known as tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 13C (TNFRSF13C) and BLyS receptor 3 (BR3), is a membrane protein of the TNF receptor superfamily which recognizes BAFF.

New!!: Outline of immunology and BAFF receptor · See more »

Band cell

A band cell (also called band neutrophil, band form or stab cell) is a cell undergoing granulopoiesis, derived from a metamyelocyte, and leading to a mature granulocyte.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Band cell · See more »

Basophil

Basophils are a type of white blood cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Basophil · See more »

BCL6

B-cell lymphoma 6 protein is a protein that in humans is encoded by the BCL6 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and BCL6 · See more »

BioMed Central

BioMed Central (BMC) is a United Kingdom-based, for-profit scientific open access publisher.

New!!: Outline of immunology and BioMed Central · See more »

Biomedical sciences

Biomedical sciences are a set of applied sciences applying portions of natural science or formal science, or both, to knowledge, interventions, or technology that are of use in healthcare or public health.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Biomedical sciences · See more »

Blood

Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Blood · See more »

Bone

A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebrate skeleton.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Bone · See more »

Bone marrow

Bone marrow is a semi-solid tissue which may be found within the spongy or cancellous portions of bones.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Bone marrow · See more »

Bone marrow-derived macrophage

Bone-marrow-derived macrophage (BMDM) refers to macrophage cells that are generated in a research laboratory from mammalian bone marrow cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Bone marrow-derived macrophage · See more »

Bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue

Bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) is a tertiary lymphoid structure and it is a part of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) and it consist of lymphoid follicles in lungs and bronchus.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue · See more »

Bullous pemphigoid

Bullous pemphigoid is an acute or chronic autoimmune skin disease, involving the formation of blisters, more appropriately known as bullae, at the space between the epidermis and dermis skin layers.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Bullous pemphigoid · See more »

C-C chemokine receptor type 6

Chemokine receptor 6 also known as CCR6 is a CC chemokine receptor protein which in humans is encoded by the CCR6 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and C-C chemokine receptor type 6 · See more »

C-C chemokine receptor type 7

C-C chemokine receptor type 7 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCR7 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and C-C chemokine receptor type 7 · See more »

C-reactive protein

C-reactive protein (CRP) is an annular (ring-shaped), pentameric protein found in blood plasma, whose levels rise in response to inflammation.

New!!: Outline of immunology and C-reactive protein · See more »

C1-inhibitor

C1-inhibitor (C1-inh, C1 esterase inhibitor) is a protease inhibitor belonging to the serpin superfamily.

New!!: Outline of immunology and C1-inhibitor · See more »

C3-convertase

C3 convertase (C2, C4bC2b, (formerly C4bC2a)C3bBb, complement C.hivin.4.hivin2, complement C3 convertase) belongs to family of serine proteases and is necessary in innate immunity as a part of the complement system which eventuate in opsonisation of particles, release of inflammatory peptides, C5 convertase formation and cell lysis.

New!!: Outline of immunology and C3-convertase · See more »

C3a (complement)

C3a is one of the proteins formed by the cleavage of complement component 3; the other is C3b.

New!!: Outline of immunology and C3a (complement) · See more »

C3a receptor

The C3a receptor also known as complement component 3a receptor 1 (C3AR1) is a G protein-coupled receptor protein involved in the complement system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and C3a receptor · See more »

C3b

C3b is the larger of two elements formed by the cleavage of complement component 3, and is considered an important part of the innate immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and C3b · See more »

C4b-binding protein

C4b-binding protein (C4BP) is a protein involved in the complement system where it acts as inhibitor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and C4b-binding protein · See more »

C5-convertase

C5 convertase is an enzyme belonging to a family of serine proteases that play key role in the innate immunity.

New!!: Outline of immunology and C5-convertase · See more »

C5a receptor

The C5a receptor also known as complement component 5a receptor 1 (C5AR1) or CD88 (Cluster of Differentiation 88) is a G protein-coupled receptor for C5a.

New!!: Outline of immunology and C5a receptor · See more »

C8 complex

Complement component 8 is a protein involved in the complement system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and C8 complex · See more »

Cadherin

Cadherins (named for "calcium-dependent adhesion") are a type of cell adhesion molecule (CAM) that is important in the formation of adherens junctions to bind cells with each other.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Cadherin · See more »

CADM3

Cell adhesion molecule 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CADM3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CADM3 · See more »

Cancer immunology

Cancer immunology is an interdisciplinary branch of biology that is concerned with understanding the role of the immune system in the progression and development of cancer; the most well known application is cancer immunotherapy, which utilises the immune system as a treatment for cancer.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Cancer immunology · See more »

Cancer immunotherapy

Cancer immunotherapy (sometimes called immuno-oncology, abbreviated IO) is the use of the immune system to treat cancer.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Cancer immunotherapy · See more »

Carcinoembryonic antigen

Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) describes a set of highly related glycoproteins involved in cell adhesion.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Carcinoembryonic antigen · See more »

CARD domain

Caspase recruitment domains, or Caspase activation and recruitment domains (CARDs), are interaction motifs found in a wide array of proteins, typically those involved in processes relating to inflammation and apoptosis.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CARD domain · See more »

CC chemokine receptors

CC chemokine receptors (or beta chemokine receptors) are integral membrane proteins that specifically bind and respond to cytokines of the CC chemokine family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CC chemokine receptors · See more »

CCL1

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 1 (CCL1) is a small glycoprotein secreted by activated T cells that belongs to a family of inflammatory cytokines known as chemokines.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL1 · See more »

CCL11

C-C motif chemokine 11 also known as eosinophil chemotactic protein and eotaxin-1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCL11 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL11 · See more »

CCL12

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 12 (CCL12) is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family that has been described in mice.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL12 · See more »

CCL13

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 13 (CCL13) is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL13 · See more »

CCL14

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 14 (CCL14) is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL14 · See more »

CCL15

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 15 (CCL15) is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family that is also known as leukotactin-1, MIP5 and HCC-2.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL15 · See more »

CCL16

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 16 (CCL16) is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family that is known under several pseudonyms, including Liver-expressed chemokine (LEC) and Monotactin-1 (MTN-1).

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL16 · See more »

CCL17

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 17 (CCL17) (also known as TARC) is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family is also known as thymus and activation regulated chemokine (TARC).

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL17 · See more »

CCL18

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 18 (CCL18) is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL18 · See more »

CCL19

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 19 (CCL19) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCL19 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL19 · See more »

CCL2

For the ICAO airport code see Candle Lake Airpark, for the diradical compound see Dichlorocarbene. The chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) is also referred to as monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP1) and small inducible cytokine A2.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL2 · See more »

CCL20

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 20 (CCL20) or liver activation regulated chemokine (LARC) or Macrophage Inflammatory Protein-3 (MIP3A) is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL20 · See more »

CCL21

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 21 (CCL21) is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL21 · See more »

CCL22

C-C motif chemokine 22 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCL22 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL22 · See more »

CCL23

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 23 (CCL23) is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family that is also known as Macrophage inflammatory protein 3 (MIP-3) and Myeloid progenitor inhibitory factor 1 (MPIF-1).

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL23 · See more »

CCL24

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 24 (CCL24) also known as myeloid progenitor inhibitory factor 2 (MPIF-2) or eosinophil chemotactic protein 2 (eotaxin-2) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCL24 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL24 · See more »

CCL25

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 25 (CCL25) is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family that is also known as TECK (Thymus-Expressed Chemokine).

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL25 · See more »

CCL26

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 26 (CCL26) is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family that is also called Eotaxin-3, Macrophage inflammatory protein 4-alpha (MIP-4-alpha), Thymic stroma chemokine-1 (TSC-1), and IMAC.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL26 · See more »

CCL27

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 27 (CCL27) is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family also known under the names IL-11 R-alpha-locus chemokine (ILC), Skinkine, ESkine and Cutaneous T-cell-attracting chemokine (CTACK).

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL27 · See more »

CCL28

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 28 (CCL28), also known as mucosae-associated epithelial chemokine (MEC), CCK1 and SCYA28, is a chemokine.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL28 · See more »

CCL3

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 3 (CCL3) also known as macrophage inflammatory protein 1-alpha (MIP-1-alpha) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCL3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL3 · See more »

CCL4

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 4, also known as CCL4, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the CCL4 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL4 · See more »

CCL5

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5 (also CCL5) is a protein which in humans is encoded by the CCL5 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL5 · See more »

CCL6

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 6 (CCL6) is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family that has only been identified in rodents.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL6 · See more »

CCL7

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 7 (CCL7) is a small cytokine known as a chemokine that was previously called monocyte-chemotactic protein 3 (MCP3).

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL7 · See more »

CCL8

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 8 (CCL8), also known as monocyte chemoattractant protein 2 (MCP2), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCL8 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL8 · See more »

CCL9

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 9 (CCL9) is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCL9 · See more »

CCR1

C-C chemokine receptor type 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCR1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCR1 · See more »

CCR10

C-C chemokine receptor type 10 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCR10 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCR10 · See more »

CCR2

C-C chemokine receptor type 2 (CCR2 or CD192 (cluster of differentiation 192) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCR2 gene. CCR2 is a chemokine receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCR2 · See more »

CCR3 (gene)

C-C chemokine receptor type 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCR3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCR3 (gene) · See more »

CCR4

C-C chemokine receptor type 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCR4 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCR4 · See more »

CCR5

C-C chemokine receptor type 5, also known as CCR5 or CD195, is a protein on the surface of white blood cells that is involved in the immune system as it acts as a receptor for chemokines.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCR5 · See more »

CCR8 (gene)

Chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 8, also known as CCR8, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the CCR8 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCR8 (gene) · See more »

CCR9

C-C chemokine receptor type 9 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCR9 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CCR9 · See more »

CD117

Mast/stem cell growth factor receptor (SCFR), also known as proto-oncogene c-Kit or tyrosine-protein kinase Kit or CD117, is a receptor tyrosine kinase protein that in humans is encoded by the KIT gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD117 · See more »

CD134

Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, member 4 (TNFRSF4), also known as CD134 and OX40 receptor, is a member of the TNFR-superfamily of receptors which is not constitutively expressed on resting naïve T cells, unlike CD28.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD134 · See more »

CD137

CD137 is a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD137 · See more »

CD146

CD146 (cluster of differentiation 146) also known as the melanoma cell adhesion molecule (MCAM) or cell surface glycoprotein MUC18, is a 113kDa cell adhesion molecule currently used as a marker for endothelial cell lineage.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD146 · See more »

CD153

CD153 is a ligand for CD30.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD153 · See more »

CD154

CD154, also called CD40 ligand or CD40L, is a protein that is primarily expressed on activated T cells and is a member of the TNF superfamily of molecules.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD154 · See more »

CD164

Sialomucin core protein 24 also known as endolyn or CD164 (cluster of differentiation 164) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CD164 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD164 · See more »

CD19

B-lymphocyte antigen CD19, also known as CD19 molecule ('''C'''luster of '''D'''ifferentiation 19), B-Lymphocyte Surface Antigen B4, T-Cell Surface Antigen Leu-12 and CVID3 is a transmembrane protein that in humans is encoded by the gene CD19.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD19 · See more »

CD2

CD2 (cluster of differentiation 2) is a cell adhesion molecule found on the surface of T cells and natural killer (NK) cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD2 · See more »

CD22

CD22, or cluster of differentiation-22, is a molecule belonging to the SIGLEC family of lectins.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD22 · See more »

CD23

CD23, also known as Fc epsilon RII, or FcεRII, is the "low-affinity" receptor for IgE, an antibody isotype involved in allergy and resistance to parasites, and is important in regulation of IgE levels.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD23 · See more »

CD24

Signal transducer CD24 also known as cluster of differentiation 24 or heat stable antigen CD24 (HSA) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CD24 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD24 · See more »

CD244

CD244 (Cluster of Differentiation 244) is a human protein encoded by the gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD244 · See more »

CD27

CD27 is a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD27 · See more »

CD278

Inducible T-cell costimulator is an immune checkpoint protein that in humans is encoded by the ICOS gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD278 · See more »

CD28

CD28 (Cluster of Differentiation 28) is one of the proteins expressed on T cells that provide co-stimulatory signals required for T cell activation and survival.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD28 · See more »

CD3 (immunology)

In immunology, the CD3 (cluster of differentiation 3) T cell co-receptor helps to activate both the cytotoxic T cell (CD8+ naive T cells) and also T helper cells (CD4+ naive T cells).

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD3 (immunology) · See more »

CD30

CD30, also known as TNFRSF8, is a cell membrane protein of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family and tumor marker.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD30 · See more »

CD31

Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule (PECAM-1) also known as cluster of differentiation 31 (CD31) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PECAM1 gene found on chromosome 17.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD31 · See more »

CD33

CD33 or Siglec-3 (sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 3, SIGLEC3, SIGLEC-3, gp67, p67) is a transmembrane receptor expressed on cells of myeloid lineage.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD33 · See more »

CD34

CD34 is a transmembrane phosphoglycoprotein protein encoded by the CD34 gene in humans, mice, rats and other species.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD34 · See more »

CD36

CD36 (cluster of differentiation 36), also known as platelet glycoprotein 4, fatty acid translocase (FAT), scavenger receptor class B member 3 (SCARB3), and glycoproteins 88 (GP88), IIIb (GPIIIB), or IV (GPIV) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CD36 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD36 · See more »

CD3D

T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 delta chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CD3D gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD3D · See more »

CD3G

T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 gamma chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CD3G gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD3G · See more »

CD4

In molecular biology, CD4 (cluster of differentiation 4) is a glycoprotein found on the surface of immune cells such as T helper cells, monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD4 · See more »

CD40 (protein)

Cluster of differentiation 40, CD40 is a costimulatory protein found on antigen presenting cells and is required for their activation.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD40 (protein) · See more »

CD44

The CD44 antigen is a cell-surface glycoprotein involved in cell–cell interactions, cell adhesion and migration.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD44 · See more »

CD48

CD48 antigen (Cluster of Differentiation 48) also known as B-lymphocyte activation marker (BLAST-1) or signaling lymphocytic activation molecule 2 (SLAMF2) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CD48 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD48 · See more »

CD58

CD58, or lymphocyte function-associated antigen 3 (LFA-3), is a cell adhesion molecule expressed on Antigen Presenting Cells (APC), particularly macrophages.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD58 · See more »

CD64 (biology)

CD64 (Cluster of Differentiation 64) is a type of integral membrane glycoprotein known as an Fc receptor that binds monomeric IgG-type antibodies with high affinity.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD64 (biology) · See more »

CD68

CD68 ('''C'''luster of '''D'''ifferentiation 68) is a protein highly expressed by cells in the monocyte lineage (e.g., monocytic phagocytes, osteoclasts), by circulating macrophages, and by tissue macrophages (e.g., Kupffer cells, microglia).

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD68 · See more »

CD69

CD69 (Cluster of Differentiation 69) is a human transmembrane C-Type lectin protein encoded by the gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD69 · See more »

CD70

CD70 (Cluster of Differentiation 70) is a ligand for CD27.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD70 · See more »

CD79

CD79 ('''C'''luster of '''D'''ifferentiation 79) is a transmembrane protein that forms a complex with the B-cell receptor (BCR) and generates a signal following recognition of antigen by the BCR.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD79 · See more »

CD79A

Cluster of differentiation CD79A also known as B-cell antigen receptor complex-associated protein alpha chain and MB-1 membrane glycoprotein, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CD79A gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD79A · See more »

CD79B

CD79b molecule, immunoglobulin-associated beta, also known as CD79B (Cluster of Differentiation 79B), is a human gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD79B · See more »

CD8

CD8 (cluster of differentiation 8) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that serves as a co-receptor for the T cell receptor (TCR).

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD8 · See more »

CD80

Cluster of differentiation 80 (also CD80 and B7-1) is a protein found on dendritic cells, activated B cells and monocytes that provides a costimulatory signal necessary for T cell activation and survival.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD80 · See more »

CD81

CD81 molecule, also known as CD81 (Cluster of Differentiation 81), is a protein which in humans is encoded by the CD81 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD81 · See more »

CD84

CD84 (Cluster of Differentiation 84) is a human protein encoded by the gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD84 · See more »

CD86

Cluster of Differentiation 86 (also known as CD86 and B7-2) is a protein expressed on antigen-presenting cells that provides costimulatory signals necessary for T cell activation and survival.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD86 · See more »

CD8A

CD8a (Cluster of Differentiation 8a), is a human gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CD8A · See more »

CEACAM1

Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (biliary glycoprotein) (CEACAM1) also known as CD66a (Cluster of Differentiation 66a), is a human glycoprotein, and a member of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) gene family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CEACAM1 · See more »

CEACAM16

CEACAM16 is a gene which encodes carcinoembryonic antigen.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CEACAM16 · See more »

CEACAM18

CEACAM18 is a gene which encodes carcinoembryonic antigen.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CEACAM18 · See more »

CEACAM19

CEACAM19 is a gene which encodes carcinoembryonic antigen.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CEACAM19 · See more »

CEACAM20

CEACAM20 is a gene which encodes carcinoembryonic antigen.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CEACAM20 · See more »

CEACAM21

CEACAM21 is a gene which encodes carcinoembryonic antigen.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CEACAM21 · See more »

CEACAM3

Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 3 (CEACAM3) also known as CD66d (Cluster of Differentiation 66d), is a member of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) gene family..

New!!: Outline of immunology and CEACAM3 · See more »

CEACAM4

CEACAM4 is a gene which encodes carcinoembryonic antigen.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CEACAM4 · See more »

CEACAM5

Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 5 (CEACAM5) also known as CD66e (Cluster of Differentiation 66e), is a member of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) gene family..

New!!: Outline of immunology and CEACAM5 · See more »

CEACAM6

Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 6 (non-specific cross reacting antigen) (CEACAM6) also known as CD66c (Cluster of Differentiation 66c), is a member of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) gene family..

New!!: Outline of immunology and CEACAM6 · See more »

CEACAM7

Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 7 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CEACAM7 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CEACAM7 · See more »

CEACAM8

Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 8 (CEACAM8) also known as CD66b (Cluster of Differentiation 66b), is a member of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) gene family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CEACAM8 · See more »

Cell adhesion molecule

Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) are proteins located on the cell surface involved in binding with other cells or with the extracellular matrix (ECM) in the process called cell adhesion.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Cell adhesion molecule · See more »

Cell adhesion molecule 1

Cell adhesion molecule 1 is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the CADM1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Cell adhesion molecule 1 · See more »

Cell-mediated immunity

Cell-mediated immunity is an immune response that does not involve antibodies, but rather involves the activation of phagocytes, antigen-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes, and the release of various cytokines in response to an antigen.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Cell-mediated immunity · See more »

Central nervous system

The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Central nervous system · See more »

Central tolerance

Central tolerance, also known as negative selection, is the process of eliminating any developing T or B lymphocytes that are reactive to self.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Central tolerance · See more »

Ceruloplasmin

Ceruloplasmin (or caeruloplasmin) is a ferroxidase enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CP gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Ceruloplasmin · See more »

CFU-Baso

CFU-Baso is a colony forming unit.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CFU-Baso · See more »

CFU-DL

CFU-DL is a colony forming unit that gives rise to Langerhans cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CFU-DL · See more »

CFU-Eos

CFU-Eo is a colony forming unit that gives rise to eosinophils.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CFU-Eos · See more »

CFU-GEMM

CFU-GEMM is a colony forming unit that generates myeloid cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CFU-GEMM · See more »

CFU-GM

CFU-GM (or "GMP", for "granulocyte-macrophage progenitor") is a colony forming unit.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CFU-GM · See more »

CFU-Mast

CFU-Mast is a colony forming unit.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CFU-Mast · See more »

CFU-Meg

CFU-Meg is a colony forming unit.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CFU-Meg · See more »

Chemokine

Chemokines (Greek -kinos, movement) are a family of small cytokines, or signaling proteins secreted by cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Chemokine · See more »

Chemokine receptor

Chemokine receptors are cytokine receptors found on the surface of certain cells that interact with a type of cytokine called a chemokine.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Chemokine receptor · See more »

CHL1

Neural cell adhesion molecule L1-like protein also known as close homolog of L1 (CHL1) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CHL1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CHL1 · See more »

CIITA

CIITA is a human gene which encodes a protein called the class II, major histocompatibility complex, transactivator.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CIITA · See more »

Classical complement pathway

The classical complement pathway is one of three pathways which activate the complement system, which is part of the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Classical complement pathway · See more »

CLEC10A

C-type lectin domain family 10 member A also known as CLEC10A is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CLEC10A gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CLEC10A · See more »

CLEC12A

C-type lectin domain family 12 member A is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CLEC12A gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CLEC12A · See more »

CLEC1B

C-type lectin domain family 1 member B is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CLEC1B gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CLEC1B · See more »

CLEC4A

C-type lectin domain family 4 member A is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CLEC4A gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CLEC4A · See more »

CLEC4C

CLEC4C is a membrane protein of plasmacytoid dendritic cells used as a marker for this kind of cells and denoted as CD303 in the nomenclature of the Cluster of differentiation.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CLEC4C · See more »

CLEC5A

C-type lectin domain family 5 member A or CLEC5A, also known as C-type lectin superfamily member 5 (CLECSF5) and myeloid DAP12-associating lectin 1 (MDL1) is a C-type lectin that in humans is encoded by the CLEC5A gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CLEC5A · See more »

CLEC7A

C-type lectin domain family 7 member A or Dectin-1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CLEC7A gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CLEC7A · See more »

Clonal anergy

Anergy is a term in immunobiology that describes a lack of reaction by the body's defense mechanisms to foreign substances, and consists of a direct induction of peripheral lymphocyte tolerance.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Clonal anergy · See more »

Clonal deletion

Clonal deletion is the removal through apoptosis of B cells and T cells that have expressed receptors for self before developing into fully immunocompetent lymphocytes.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Clonal deletion · See more »

Clonal selection

Clonal selection theory is a scientific theory in immunology that explains the functions of cells (lymphocytes) of the immune system in response to specific antigens invading the body.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Clonal selection · See more »

Co-stimulation

During the activation of lymphocytes, co-stimulation is often crucial to the development of an effective immune response.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Co-stimulation · See more »

Coeliac disease

Coeliac disease, also spelled celiac disease, is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the small intestine.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Coeliac disease · See more »

Collectin

Collectins (collagen-containing C-type lectins) are a part of the innate immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Collectin · See more »

Colony-stimulating factor

Colony-stimulating factors (CSFs) are secreted glycoproteins that bind to receptor proteins on the surfaces of hemopoietic stem cells, thereby activating intracellular signaling pathways that can cause the cells to proliferate and differentiate into a specific kind of blood cell (usually white blood cells. For red blood cell formation, see erythropoietin).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Colony-stimulating factor · See more »

Common gamma chain

The common gamma chain (γc) (or CD132), also known as interleukin-2 receptor subunit gamma or IL-2RG, is a cytokine receptor sub-unit that is common to the receptor complexes for at least six different interleukin receptors: IL-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-9, IL-15 and interleukin-21 receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Common gamma chain · See more »

Complement component 1q

The complement component 1q (or simply C1q) is a protein complex involved in the complement system, which is part of the innate immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement component 1q · See more »

Complement component 1r

Complement C1r subcomponent (activated complement C1r, C overbar 1r esterase, C1r) is a protein involved in the complement system of the innate immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement component 1r · See more »

Complement component 1s

Complement component 1s (C1 esterase, activated complement C1s, complement C overbar 1r, C1s) is a protein involved in the complement system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement component 1s · See more »

Complement component 2

Complement C2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the C2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement component 2 · See more »

Complement component 3

Complement component 3, often simply called C3, is a protein of the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement component 3 · See more »

Complement component 4

Complement component 4 (C4), in humans, is a protein involved in the intricate complement system, originating from the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement component 4 · See more »

Complement component 5

Complement component 5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the C5 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement component 5 · See more »

Complement component 5a

C5a is a protein fragment released from cleavage of complement component C5 by protease C5-convertase into C5a and C5b fragments.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement component 5a · See more »

Complement component 6

Complement component 6 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the C6 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement component 6 · See more »

Complement component 7

Complement component 7 is a protein involved in the complement system of the innate immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement component 7 · See more »

Complement component 9

Complement component 9 (C9) is a protein involved in the complement system, which is part of the innate immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement component 9 · See more »

Complement deficiency

Complement deficiency is an immunodeficiency of absent or suboptimal functioning of one of the complement system proteins.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement deficiency · See more »

Complement factor B

Complement factor B is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CFB gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement factor B · See more »

Complement factor I

Complement factor I, also known as C3b/C4b inactivator, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CFI gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement factor I · See more »

Complement membrane attack complex

The membrane attack complex (MAC) or terminal complement complex (TCC) is a structure typically formed on the surface of pathogen cell membranes as a result of the activation of the host's complement system, and as such is one of the effector proteins of the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement membrane attack complex · See more »

Complement receptor

A complement receptor is a receptor of the complement system, part of the innate immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement receptor · See more »

Complement receptor 1

Complement receptor type 1 (CR1) also known as C3b/C4b receptor or CD35 (cluster of differentiation 35) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CR1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement receptor 1 · See more »

Complement receptor 2

Complement receptor type 2 (CR2), also known as complement C3d receptor, Epstein-Barr virus receptor, and CD21 (cluster of differentiation 21), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CR2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement receptor 2 · See more »

Complement receptor of the immunoglobulin family

Complement receptor of the immunoglobulin family is a protein expressed in Kupffer cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement receptor of the immunoglobulin family · See more »

Complement system

The complement system is a part of the immune system that enhances (complements) the ability of antibodies and phagocytic cells to clear microbes and damaged cells from an organism, promotes inflammation, and attacks the pathogen's cell membrane.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complement system · See more »

Complementarity-determining region

Complementarity-determining regions (CDRs) are part of the variable chains in immunoglobulins (antibodies) and T cell receptors, generated by B-cells and T-cells respectively, where these molecules bind to their specific antigen.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Complementarity-determining region · See more »

Computational immunology

In academia, computational immunology is a field of science that encompasses high-throughput genomic and bioinformatics approaches to immunology.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Computational immunology · See more »

Coxsackie virus and adenovirus receptor

Coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CXADR gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Coxsackie virus and adenovirus receptor · See more »

Cross-presentation

Cross-presentation is the ability of certain antigen-presenting cells to take up, process and present extracellular antigens with MHC class I molecules to CD8 T cells (cytotoxic T cells).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Cross-presentation · See more »

Cross-reactivity

Cross-reactivity, in a general sense, applies to the reaction between two different species as opposed to self-reactivity.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Cross-reactivity · See more »

CSF2RB

CSF2RB is a common subunit to the following type I cytokine receptors.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CSF2RB · See more »

CTLA-4

CTLA4 or CTLA-4 (cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4), also known as CD152 (cluster of differentiation 152), is a protein receptor that, functioning as an immune checkpoint, downregulates immune responses.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CTLA-4 · See more »

Cutaneous small-vessel vasculitis

Cutaneous small-vessel vasculitis, also known as hypersensitivity vasculitis, cutaneous leukocytoclastic vasculitis, hypersensitivity angiitis, cutaneous leukocytoclastic angiitis, cutaneous necrotizing vasculitis and cutaneous necrotizing venulitis, is inflammation of small blood vessels (usually post-capillary venules in the dermis), characterized by palpable purpura.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Cutaneous small-vessel vasculitis · See more »

CX3CL1

Fractalkine also known as chemokine (C-X3-C motif) ligand 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CX3CL1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CX3CL1 · See more »

CX3CR1

CX3C chemokine receptor 1 (CX3CR1) also known as the fractalkine receptor or G-protein coupled receptor 13 (GPR13) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CX3CR1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CX3CR1 · See more »

CXC chemokine receptors

CXC chemokine receptors are integral membrane proteins that specifically bind and respond to cytokines of the CXC chemokine family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXC chemokine receptors · See more »

CXCL1

The chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (CXCL1) is a small cytokine belonging to the CXC chemokine family that was previously called GRO1 oncogene, GROα, KC, neutrophil-activating protein 3 (NAP-3) and melanoma growth stimulating activity, alpha (MSGA-α).

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCL1 · See more »

CXCL10

C-X-C motif chemokine 10 (CXCL10) also known as Interferon gamma-induced protein 10 (IP-10) or small-inducible cytokine B10 is an 8.7 kDa protein that in humans is encoded by the CXCL10 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCL10 · See more »

CXCL11

C-X-C motif chemokine 11 (CXCL11) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CXCL11 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCL11 · See more »

CXCL13

chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 13 (CXCL13), also known as B lymphocyte chemoattractant (BLC) or B cell-attracting chemokine 1 (BCA-1), is a protein ligand that in humans is encoded by the CXCL13 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCL13 · See more »

CXCL14

Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 14 (CXCL14) is a small cytokine belonging to the CXC chemokine family that is also known as BRAK (for breast and kidney-expressed chemokine).

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCL14 · See more »

CXCL15

Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 15 (CXCL15) is a small cytokine belonging to the CXC chemokine family that has been described in the mouse.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCL15 · See more »

CXCL16

Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 16 (CXCL16) is a small cytokine belonging to the CXC chemokine family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCL16 · See more »

CXCL17

Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 17 (CXCL17) is a small cytokine belonging to the CXC chemokine family that has been identified in humans and mice.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCL17 · See more »

CXCL2

Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 2 (CXCL2) is a small cytokine belonging to the CXC chemokine family that is also called macrophage inflammatory protein 2-alpha (MIP2-alpha), Growth-regulated protein beta (Gro-beta) and Gro oncogene-2 (Gro-2).

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCL2 · See more »

CXCL3

Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 3 (CXCL3) is a small cytokine belonging to the CXC chemokine family that is also known as GRO3 oncogene (GRO3), GRO protein gamma (GROg) and macrophage inflammatory protein-2-beta (MIP2b).

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCL3 · See more »

CXCL5

C-X-C motif chemokine 5 (CXCL5 or ENA78) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CXCL5 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCL5 · See more »

CXCL6

Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 6 (CXCL6) is a small cytokine belonging to the CXC chemokine family that is also known as granulocyte chemotactic protein 2 (GCP-2).

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCL6 · See more »

CXCL7

Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 7 (CXCL7) is a human gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCL7 · See more »

CXCL9

Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 9 (CXCL9) is a small cytokine belonging to the CXC chemokine family that is also known as Monokine induced by gamma interferon (MIG).

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCL9 · See more »

CXCR3

Chemokine receptor CXCR3 is a Gαi protein-coupled receptor in the CXC chemokine receptor family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCR3 · See more »

CXCR4

C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR-4) also known as fusin or CD184 (cluster of differentiation 184) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CXCR4 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCR4 · See more »

CXCR5

C-X-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CXC-R5) also known as CD185 (cluster of differentiation 185) or Burkitt lymphoma receptor 1 (BLR1) is a G protein-coupled seven transmembrane receptor for chemokine CXCL13 (also known as BLC) and belongs to the CXC chemokine receptor family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCR5 · See more »

CXCR6

C-X-C chemokine receptor type 6 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CXCR6 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and CXCR6 · See more »

Cytokine

Cytokines are a broad and loose category of small proteins (~5–20 kDa) that are important in cell signaling.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Cytokine · See more »

Cytokine receptor

Cytokine receptors are receptors that bind cytokines.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Cytokine receptor · See more »

Cytokine release syndrome

Cytokine release syndrome is a form of systemic inflammatory response syndrome that arises as a complication of some diseases or infections, and is also an adverse effect of some monoclonal antibody drugs, as well as adoptive T-cell therapies.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Cytokine release syndrome · See more »

Cytotoxic T cell

A cytotoxic T cell (also known as TC, cytotoxic T lymphocyte, CTL, T-killer cell, cytolytic T cell, CD8+ T-cell or killer T cell) is a T lymphocyte (a type of white blood cell) that kills cancer cells, cells that are infected (particularly with viruses), or cells that are damaged in other ways.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Cytotoxic T cell · See more »

Cytotoxicity

Cytotoxicity is the quality of being toxic to cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Cytotoxicity · See more »

DC-SIGN

DC-SIGN (Dendritic Cell-Specific Intercellular adhesion molecule-3-Grabbing Non-integrin) also known as CD209 ('''C'''luster of '''D'''ifferentiation 209) is a protein which in humans is encoded by the CD209 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and DC-SIGN · See more »

Death receptor 3

Death receptor 3 (DR3), also known as tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 25 (TNFRSF25), is a cell surface receptor of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily which mediates apoptotic signalling and differentiation.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Death receptor 3 · See more »

Death receptor 4

Death receptor 4 (DR4), also known as TRAIL receptor 1 (TRAILR1) and tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 10A (TNFRSF10A), is a cell surface receptor of the TNF-receptor superfamily that binds TRAIL and mediates apoptosis.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Death receptor 4 · See more »

Death receptor 5

Death receptor 5 (DR5), also known as TRAIL receptor 2 (TRAILR2) and tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 10B (TNFRSF10B), is a cell surface receptor of the TNF-receptor superfamily that binds TRAIL and mediates apoptosis.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Death receptor 5 · See more »

Death receptor 6

Death receptor 6 (DR6), also known as tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 21 (TNFRSF21), is a cell surface receptor of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily which activates the JNK and NF-κB pathways.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Death receptor 6 · See more »

Decay-accelerating factor

Complement decay-accelerating factor, also known as CD55 or DAF, is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the CD55 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Decay-accelerating factor · See more »

Decoy receptor 1

Decoy receptor 1 (DCR1), also known as TRAIL receptor 3 (TRAILR3) and tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 10C (TNFRSF10C), is a human cell surface receptor of the TNF-receptor superfamily.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Decoy receptor 1 · See more »

Decoy receptor 2

Decoy receptor 2 (DCR2), also known as TRAIL receptor 4 (TRAILR4) and tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 10D (TNFRSF10D), is a human cell surface receptor of the TNF-receptor superfamily.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Decoy receptor 2 · See more »

Decoy receptor 3

Decoy receptor 3 (Dcr3), also known as tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 6B (TNFRSF6B), TR6 and M68, is a soluble protein of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily which inhibits Fas ligand-induced apoptosis.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Decoy receptor 3 · See more »

Defensin

Defensins are small cysteine-rich cationic proteins found in both vertebrates and invertebrates.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Defensin · See more »

Dendritic cell

Dendritic cells (DCs) are antigen-presenting cells (also known as accessory cells) of the mammalian immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Dendritic cell · See more »

Dermis

The dermis or corium is a layer of skin between the epidermis (with which it makes up the cutis) and subcutaneous tissues, that primarily consists of dense irregular connective tissue and cushions the body from stress and strain.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Dermis · See more »

Developmental Studies Hybridoma Bank

The Developmental Studies Hybridoma Bank (DSHB) is a non-profit, global hybridoma bank.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Developmental Studies Hybridoma Bank · See more »

Diabetes mellitus type 1

Diabetes mellitus type 1, also known as type 1 diabetes, is a form of diabetes mellitus in which not enough insulin is produced.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Diabetes mellitus type 1 · See more »

E-selectin

E-selectin, also known as CD62 antigen-like family member E (CD62E), endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 (ELAM-1), or leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion molecule 2 (LECAM2), is a cell adhesion molecule expressed only on endothelial cells activated by cytokines.

New!!: Outline of immunology and E-selectin · See more »

Ecoimmunology

Ecoimmunology is an interdisciplinary field combining aspects of immunology with ecology, biology, physiology, and evolution.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Ecoimmunology · See more »

Ectodysplasin A

Ectodysplasin A (EDA) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the EDA gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Ectodysplasin A · See more »

Ectodysplasin A2 receptor

Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 27 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the EDA2R gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Ectodysplasin A2 receptor · See more »

Egg allergy

Egg allergy is an immune hypersensitivity to proteins found in chicken eggs, and possibly goose, duck, or turkey eggs.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Egg allergy · See more »

Eicosanoid receptor

Most of the eicosanoid receptors are integral membrane protein G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that bind and respond to eicosanoid signaling molecules.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Eicosanoid receptor · See more »

Eosinophil

Eosinophils sometimes called eosinophiles or, less commonly, acidophils, are a variety of white blood cells and one of the immune system components responsible for combating multicellular parasites and certain infections in vertebrates. Along with mast cells and basophils, they also control mechanisms associated with allergy and asthma. They are granulocytes that develop during hematopoiesis in the bone marrow before migrating into blood, after which they are terminally differentiated and do not multiply. These cells are eosinophilic or "acid-loving" due to their large acidophilic cytoplasmic granules, which show their affinity for acids by their affinity to coal tar dyes: Normally transparent, it is this affinity that causes them to appear brick-red after staining with eosin, a red dye, using the Romanowsky method. The staining is concentrated in small granules within the cellular cytoplasm, which contain many chemical mediators, such as eosinophil peroxidase, ribonuclease (RNase), deoxyribonucleases (DNase), lipase, plasminogen, and major basic protein. These mediators are released by a process called degranulation following activation of the eosinophil, and are toxic to both parasite and host tissues. In normal individuals, eosinophils make up about 1–3% of white blood cells, and are about 12–17 micrometres in size with bilobed nuclei. While they are released into the bloodstream as neutrophils are, eosinophils reside in tissue They are found in the medulla and the junction between the cortex and medulla of the thymus, and, in the lower gastrointestinal tract, ovary, uterus, spleen, and lymph nodes, but not in the lung, skin, esophagus, or some other internal organs under normal conditions. The presence of eosinophils in these latter organs is associated with disease. For instance, patients with eosinophilic asthma have high levels of eosinophils that lead to inflammation and tissue damage, making it more difficult for patients to breathe. Eosinophils persist in the circulation for 8–12 hours, and can survive in tissue for an additional 8–12 days in the absence of stimulation. Pioneering work in the 1980s elucidated that eosinophils were unique granulocytes, having the capacity to survive for extended periods of time after their maturation as demonstrated by ex-vivo culture experiments.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Eosinophil · See more »

Epithelioid cell

Epithelioid histiocytes (Epithelioid cells) are activated macrophages resembling epithelial cells: elongated, with finely granular, pale eosinophilic (pink) cytoplasm and central, ovoid nucleus (oval or elongate), which is less dense than that of a lymphocyte.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Epithelioid cell · See more »

Epithelium

Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Epithelium · See more »

Epitope

An epitope, also known as antigenic determinant, is the part of an antigen that is recognized by the immune system, specifically by antibodies, B cells, or T cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Epitope · See more »

Erythropoiesis

Erythropoiesis (from Greek 'erythro' meaning "red" and 'poiesis' meaning "to make") is the process which produces red blood cells (erythrocytes).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Erythropoiesis · See more »

Erythropoietin

Erythropoietin (EPO), also known as hematopoietin or hemopoietin, is a glycoprotein cytokine secreted by the kidney in response to cellular hypoxia; it stimulates red blood cell production (erythropoiesis) in the bone marrow.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Erythropoietin · See more »

Erythropoietin receptor

The erythropoietin receptor (EpoR) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the EPOR gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Erythropoietin receptor · See more »

ESAM (gene)

Endothelial cell-selective adhesion molecule is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ESAM gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and ESAM (gene) · See more »

Experiments in immunology

An experiment in immunology is a method of investigating immunological responses to antigens, or detecting and characterizing antibodies and lymphocytes.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Experiments in immunology · See more »

Eye

Eyes are organs of the visual system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Eye · See more »

Factor D

Factor D (C3 proactivator convertase, properdin factor D esterase, factor D (complement), complement factor D, CFD, adipsin) a protein which in humans is encoded by the CFD gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Factor D · See more »

Factor H

Factor H is a member of the regulators of complement activation family and is a complement control protein.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Factor H · See more »

Farmer's lung

Farmer's lung (not to be confused with silo-filler's disease) is a hypersensitivity pneumonitis induced by the inhalation of biologic dusts coming from hay dust or mold spores or any other agricultural products.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Farmer's lung · See more »

Fas ligand

Fas ligand (FasL or CD95L) is a type-II transmembrane protein that belongs to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Fas ligand · See more »

Fas receptor

The first apoptosis signal receptor (Fas or FasR), also known as apoptosis antigen 1 (APO-1 or APT), cluster of differentiation 95 (CD95) or tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 6 (TNFRSF6) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FAS gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Fas receptor · See more »

Fc receptor

An Fc receptor is a protein found on the surface of certain cells – including, among others, B lymphocytes, follicular dendritic cells, natural killer cells, macrophages, neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, human platelets, and mast cells – that contribute to the protective functions of the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Fc receptor · See more »

Fc receptor-like molecule

Fc receptor-like molecules (FCRLs) are a class of proteins that resemble Fc receptors.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Fc receptor-like molecule · See more »

FCAR

Fc fragment of IgA receptor (FCAR) is a human gene that codes for the transmembrane receptor FcαRI, also known as CD89 (Cluster of Differentiation 89).

New!!: Outline of immunology and FCAR · See more »

FCER1

The high-affinity IgE receptor, also known as FcεRI, or Fc epsilon RI, is the high-affinity receptor for the Fc region of immunoglobulin E (IgE), an antibody isotype involved in the allergy disorder and parasites immunity.

New!!: Outline of immunology and FCER1 · See more »

FCER1A

Fc fragment of IgE, high affinity I, receptor for; alpha polypeptide, also known as FCER1A, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the FCER1A gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and FCER1A · See more »

FCER1G

Fc fragment of IgE, high affinity I, receptor for; gamma polypeptide is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FCER1G gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and FCER1G · See more »

FCGR2A

Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-a is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FCGR2A gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and FCGR2A · See more »

FCGR2B

Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-b is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the FCGR2B gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and FCGR2B · See more »

FCGR3A

Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor III-A is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FCGR3A gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and FCGR3A · See more »

FCGR3B

FCGR3B (Fc fragment of IgG, low affinity IIIb, receptor), also known as CD16b (Cluster of Differentiation 16b), is a human gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and FCGR3B · See more »

Fcα/μR

Fcα/μR, also known as is CD351 (Cluster of Differentiation 351), is an Fc receptor that binds IgM with high affinity and IgA with a 10-fold lower affinity.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Fcα/μR · See more »

FCN1

Ficolin-1, and also commonly termed M-ficolin is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FCN1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and FCN1 · See more »

FCN2

Ficolin-2, which was initially identified as L-ficolin, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FCN2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and FCN2 · See more »

FCN3

Ficolin-3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FCN3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and FCN3 · See more »

FCRL1

Fc receptor-like protein 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FCRL1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and FCRL1 · See more »

FCRL2

Fc receptor-like protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FCRL2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and FCRL2 · See more »

FCRL3

Fc receptor-like protein 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FCRL3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and FCRL3 · See more »

FCRL4

Fc receptor-like protein 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FCRL4 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and FCRL4 · See more »

FCRL5

Fc receptor-like protein 5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FCRL5 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and FCRL5 · See more »

FCRLA

Fc receptor-like A is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FCRLA gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and FCRLA · See more »

Ferritin

Ferritin is a universal intracellular protein that stores iron and releases it in a controlled fashion.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Ferritin · See more »

Fibrin

Fibrin (also called Factor Ia) is a fibrous, non-globular protein involved in the clotting of blood.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Fibrin · See more »

Fibrinogen

Fibrinogen (factor I) is a glycoprotein that in vertebrates circulates in the blood.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Fibrinogen · See more »

Fibronectin

Fibronectin is a high-molecular weight (~440kDa) glycoprotein of the extracellular matrix that binds to membrane-spanning receptor proteins called integrins.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Fibronectin · See more »

Ficolin

Ficolins (Fi+Col+Lin) are a group of oligomeric lectins with subunits consisting of both collagen (Col)-like long thin stretches and fibrinogen (Fi)-like globular domains with lectin (Lin) activity usually specific for N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Ficolin · See more »

Flow cytometry

In biotechnology, flow cytometry is a laser- or impedance-based, biophysical technology employed in cell counting, cell sorting, biomarker detection and protein engineering, by suspending cells in a stream of fluid and passing them through an electronic detection apparatus.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Flow cytometry · See more »

Follicular B cell

Follicular B cells (FO B cells) are a type of B cell that reside in primary and secondary lymphoid follicles (containing germinal centers) of secondary and tertiary lymphoid organs, including spleen and lymph nodes.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Follicular B cell · See more »

Follicular B helper T cells

Follicular B helper T cells (also known as just follicular helper T cells or TFH), are antigen-experienced CD4+ T cells found in the periphery within B cell follicles of secondary lymphoid organs such as lymph nodes, spleens and Peyer's patches, and are identified by their constitutive expression of the B cell follicle homing receptor CXCR5.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Follicular B helper T cells · See more »

Follicular dendritic cells

Follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) are cells of the immune system found in primary and secondary lymph follicles of the B cell areas of the lymphoid tissue.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Follicular dendritic cells · See more »

Food allergy

A food allergy is an abnormal immune response to food.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Food allergy · See more »

Foreign-body giant cell

A foreign-body giant cell is a collection of fused macrophages (giant cell) which are generated in response to the presence of a large foreign body.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Foreign-body giant cell · See more »

Formyl peptide receptor

The formyl peptide receptors (FPR) belong to a class of G protein-coupled receptors involved in chemotaxis.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Formyl peptide receptor · See more »

Formyl peptide receptor 1

Formyl peptide receptor 1 (FPR1, FPR1 receptor, fMet-Leu-Phe receptor 1, FMLP receptor 1, or N-formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine receptor 1) is a cell surface receptor protein that in humans is encoded by the formyl peptide receptor 1 (FPR1) gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Formyl peptide receptor 1 · See more »

Formyl peptide receptor 2

N-formyl peptide receptor 2 (FPR2) is a G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) located on the surface of many cell types of various animal species.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Formyl peptide receptor 2 · See more »

Formyl peptide receptor 3

N-formyl peptide receptor 3 (FPR3) is a receptor protein that in humans is encoded by the FPR3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Formyl peptide receptor 3 · See more »

FOXP3

FOXP3 (forkhead box P3), also known as scurfin, is a protein involved in immune system responses.

New!!: Outline of immunology and FOXP3 · See more »

Fragment antigen-binding

The antigen-binding (Fab) fragment is a region on an antibody that binds to antigens.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Fragment antigen-binding · See more »

Fragment crystallizable region

The fragment crystallizable region (Fc region) is the tail region of an antibody that interacts with cell surface receptors called Fc receptors and some proteins of the complement system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Fragment crystallizable region · See more »

Framework region

In molecular biology, a framework region is a subdivision of the variable region (Fab) of the antibody.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Framework region · See more »

Fungus

A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Fungus · See more »

G protein–coupled receptor

G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs), also known as seven-(pass)-transmembrane domain receptors, 7TM receptors, heptahelical receptors, serpentine receptor, and G protein–linked receptors (GPLR), constitute a large protein family of receptors that detect molecules outside the cell and activate internal signal transduction pathways and, ultimately, cellular responses.

New!!: Outline of immunology and G protein–coupled receptor · See more »

Gamma delta T cell

Gamma delta T cells (γδ T cells) are T cells that have a distinctive T-cell receptor (TCR) on their surface.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Gamma delta T cell · See more »

Garlic allergy

Garlic allergy or allergic contact dermatitis to garlic is a common inflammatory skin condition caused by contact with garlic oil or dust.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Garlic allergy · See more »

Gastric acid

Gastric acid, gastric juice or stomach acid, is a digestive fluid formed in the stomach and is composed of hydrochloric acid (HCl), potassium chloride (KCl) and sodium chloride (NaCl).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Gastric acid · See more »

GATA3

GATA3 is a transcription factor that in humans is encoded by the GATA3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and GATA3 · See more »

Genetically modified mouse

A genetically modified mouse (Mus musculus) is a mouse that has had its genome altered through the use of genetic engineering techniques.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Genetically modified mouse · See more »

Giant cell

A giant cell (multinucleated giant cell, multinucleate giant cell) is a mass formed by the union of several distinct cells (usually macrophages), often forming a granuloma.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Giant cell · See more »

Giant-cell arteritis

Giant-cell arteritis (GCA), also called temporal arteritis, is an inflammatory disease of blood vessels.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Giant-cell arteritis · See more »

GLYCAM1

Glycosylation-dependent cell adhesion molecule-1 (GLYCAM1) is a proteoglycan ligand expressed on cells of the high endothelial venules in lymphoid tissues.

New!!: Outline of immunology and GLYCAM1 · See more »

Glycoprotein 130

Glycoprotein 130 (also known as gp130, IL6ST, IL6-beta or CD130) is a transmembrane protein which is the founding member of the class of all cytokine receptors.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Glycoprotein 130 · See more »

Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa

In medicine, glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa, also known as integrin αIIbβ3) is an integrin complex found on platelets.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa · See more »

Goodpasture syndrome

Goodpasture syndrome (GPS) is a rare autoimmune disease in which antibodies attack the basement membrane in lungs and kidneys, leading to bleeding from the lungs and kidney failure.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Goodpasture syndrome · See more »

GPR77

C5a anaphylatoxin chemotactic receptor C5a2 also known as C5L2, G protein-coupled receptor 77, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the C5AR2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and GPR77 · See more »

Graft-versus-host disease

Graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) is a medical complication following the receipt of transplanted tissue from a genetically different person.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Graft-versus-host disease · See more »

Granulocyte

Granulocytes are a category of white blood cells characterized by the presence of granules in their cytoplasm.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Granulocyte · See more »

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor

The granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor (G-CSF-R) also known as CD114 (Cluster of Differentiation 114) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CSF3R gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor · See more »

Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor

Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), also known as colony-stimulating factor 2 (CSF2), is a monomeric glycoprotein secreted by macrophages, T cells, mast cells, natural killer cells, endothelial cells and fibroblasts that functions as a cytokine.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor · See more »

Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor

The granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor also known as CD116 (Cluster of Differentiation 116), is a receptor for granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, which stimulates the production of white blood cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor · See more »

Granuloma

Granuloma is an inflammation found in many diseases.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Granuloma · See more »

Granulopoiesis

Granulopoiesis (or granulocytopoiesis) is production of granulocytes.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Granulopoiesis · See more »

Graves' disease

Graves' disease, also known as toxic diffuse goiter, is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Graves' disease · See more »

Growth hormone receptor

Growth hormone receptor is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GHR gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Growth hormone receptor · See more »

Guillain–Barré syndrome

Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rapid-onset muscle weakness caused by the immune system damaging the peripheral nervous system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Guillain–Barré syndrome · See more »

Gut-associated lymphoid tissue

Gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) is a component of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) which works in the immune system to protect the body from invasion in the gut.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Gut-associated lymphoid tissue · See more »

Haematopoiesis

Haematopoiesis (from Greek αἷμα, "blood" and ποιεῖν "to make"; also hematopoiesis in American English; sometimes also haemopoiesis or hemopoiesis) is the formation of blood cellular components.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Haematopoiesis · See more »

Hapten

Haptens are minute molecules that elicit an immune response only when attached to a large carrier such as a protein; the carrier may be one that also does not elicit an immune response by itself.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Hapten · See more »

Haptoglobin

Haptoglobin (abbreviated as Hp) is the protein that in humans is encoded by the HP gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Haptoglobin · See more »

Hashimoto's thyroiditis

Hashimoto's thyroiditis, also known as chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis and Hashimoto's disease, is an autoimmune disease in which the thyroid gland is gradually destroyed.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Hashimoto's thyroiditis · See more »

Hemolytic disease of the newborn

Hemolytic disease of the newborn, also known as hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn, HDN, HDFN, or erythroblastosis fetalis, is an alloimmune condition that develops in a peripartum fetus, when the IgG molecules (one of the five main types of antibodies) produced by the mother pass through the placenta.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Hemolytic disease of the newborn · See more »

Hemopexin

Hemopexin (or haemopexin; Hpx; Hx), also known as beta-1B-glycoprotein, is a glycoprotein that in humans is encoded by the HPX gene and belongs to hemopexin family of proteins.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Hemopexin · See more »

Henoch–Schönlein purpura

Henoch–Schönlein purpura (HSP) also known as IgA vasculitis, anaphylactoid purpura, purpura rheumatica, and Schönlein–Henoch purpura, is a disease of the skin, mucous membranes, and sometimes other organs that most commonly affects children.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Henoch–Schönlein purpura · See more »

Herd immunity

Herd immunity (also called herd effect, community immunity, population immunity, or social immunity) is a form of indirect protection from infectious disease that occurs when a large percentage of a population has become immune to an infection, thereby providing a measure of protection for individuals who are not immune.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Herd immunity · See more »

Herpesvirus entry mediator

Herpesvirus entry mediator (HVEM), also known as tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 14 (TNFRSF14), is a human cell surface receptor of the TNF-receptor superfamily.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Herpesvirus entry mediator · See more »

Histiocyte

A histiocyte is an animal cell that is part of the mononuclear phagocyte system (also known as the reticuloendothelial system or lymphoreticular system).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Histiocyte · See more »

Histology

Histology, also microanatomy, is the study of the anatomy of cells and tissues of plants and animals using microscopy.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Histology · See more »

Hives

Hives, also known as urticaria, is a kind of skin rash with red, raised, itchy bumps.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Hives · See more »

HLA-A

HLA-A is a group of human leukocyte antigens (HLA) that are coded for by the HLA-A locus, which is located at human chromosome 6p21.3.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-A · See more »

HLA-B

HLA-B (major histocompatibility complex, class I, B) is a human gene that provides instructions for making a protein that plays a critical role in the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-B · See more »

HLA-C

HLA-C belongs to the MHC (human.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-C · See more »

HLA-DM

HLA-DM (human leukocyte antigen DM) is an intracellular protein involved in the mechanism of antigen presentation on antigen presenting cells (APCs) of the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DM · See more »

HLA-DMA

HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DM alpha chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HLA-DMA gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DMA · See more »

HLA-DMB

HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DM beta chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HLA-DMB gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DMB · See more »

HLA-DO

Human leukocyte histocompatibility complex DO (HLA-DO) is an intracellular, dimeric non-classical Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) class II protein composed of α- and β-subunits which interact with HLA-DM in order to fine tune immunodominant epitope selection.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DO · See more »

HLA-DOA

HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DO alpha chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HLA-DOA gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DOA · See more »

HLA-DOB

HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DO beta chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HLA-DOB gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DOB · See more »

HLA-DP

HLA-DP is a protein/peptide-antigen receptor and graft-versus-host disease antigen that is composed of 2 subunits, DPα and DPβ.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DP · See more »

HLA-DPB1

HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DP(W2) beta chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HLA-DPB1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DPB1 · See more »

HLA-DQ

HLA-DQ (DQ) is a cell surface receptor protein found on antigen presenting cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DQ · See more »

HLA-DQA2

HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DQ(6) alpha chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HLA-DQA2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DQA2 · See more »

HLA-DQB1

Major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ beta 1, also known as HLA-DQB1, is a human gene and also denotes the genetic locus that contains this gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DQB1 · See more »

HLA-DQB2

HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DX beta chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HLA-DQB2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DQB2 · See more »

HLA-DQB3

Major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ beta 3, also known as HLA-DQB3, is a human gene and also denotes the genetic locus which contains this gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DQB3 · See more »

HLA-DR

HLA-DR is an MHC class II cell surface receptor encoded by the human leukocyte antigen complex on chromosome 6 region 6p21.31.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DR · See more »

HLA-DRA

HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DR alpha chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HLA-DRA gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DRA · See more »

HLA-DRB1

HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DRB1 beta chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HLA-DRB1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DRB1 · See more »

HLA-DRB3 (gene)

HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DRB3-1 beta chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HLA-DRB3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DRB3 (gene) · See more »

HLA-DRB4

Major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 4, also known as HLA-DRB4, is a human gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DRB4 · See more »

HLA-DRB5

HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DRB5 beta chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HLA-DRB5 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-DRB5 · See more »

HLA-E

HLA class I histocompatibility antigen, alpha chain E (HLA-E) also known as MHC class I antigen E is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HLA-E gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-E · See more »

HLA-F

HLA class I histocompatibility antigen, alpha chain F is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HLA-F gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-F · See more »

HLA-G

HLA-G histocompatibility antigen, class I, G, also known as human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HLA-G gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and HLA-G · See more »

Hofbauer cell

Hofbauer cells are oval eosinophilic histiocytes with granules and vacuoles found in the placenta, which are of mesenchymal origin, in mesoderm of the chorionic villus, particularly numerous in early pregnancy.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Hofbauer cell · See more »

Humoral immunity

Humoral immunity or humoural immunity is the aspect of immunity that is mediated by macromolecules found in extracellular fluids such as secreted antibodies, complement proteins, and certain antimicrobial peptides.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Humoral immunity · See more »

Hybridoma technology

Hybridoma technology is a method for producing large numbers of identical antibodies (also called monoclonal antibodies).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Hybridoma technology · See more »

Hypersensitivity

Hypersensitivity (also called hypersensitivity reaction or intolerance) refers to undesirable reactions produced by the normal immune system, including allergies and autoimmunity.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Hypersensitivity · See more »

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP; also called allergic alveolitis, bagpipe lung, or extrinsic allergic alveolitis, EAA) is an inflammation of the alveoli within the lung caused by hypersensitivity to inhaled organic dusts.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Hypersensitivity pneumonitis · See more »

Hypervariable region

A hypervariable region (HVR) is a location within nuclear DNA or the D-loop of mitochondrial DNA in which base pairs of nucleotides repeat (in the case of nuclear DNA) or have substitutions (in the case of mitochondrial DNA).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Hypervariable region · See more »

IC3b

iC3b is a protein molecule that is used in medical research because of its ability to bind to specific target cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IC3b · See more »

ICAM-1

ICAM-1 (Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1) also known as CD54 (Cluster of Differentiation 54) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ICAM1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and ICAM-1 · See more »

ICAM2

Intercellular adhesion molecule 2 (ICAM2), also known as CD102 (Cluster of Differentiation 102), is a human gene, and the protein resulting from it.

New!!: Outline of immunology and ICAM2 · See more »

ICAM3

Intercellular adhesion molecule 3 (ICAM3) also known as CD50 (Cluster of Differentiation 50), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ICAM3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and ICAM3 · See more »

ICAM4

The LW blood system was first described by Landsteiner and Wiener in 1940.

New!!: Outline of immunology and ICAM4 · See more »

ICAM5

Intercellular adhesion molecule 5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ICAM5 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and ICAM5 · See more »

Idiotype

In immunology, an idiotype is a shared characteristic between a group of immunoglobulin or T cell receptor (TCR) molecules based upon the antigen binding specificity and therefore structure of their variable region.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Idiotype · See more »

IFNAR1

Interferon-alpha/beta receptor alpha chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IFNAR1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IFNAR1 · See more »

IFNAR2

Interferon-alpha/beta receptor beta chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IFNAR2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IFNAR2 · See more »

IgSF CAM

Immunoglobulin superfamily CAMs (IgSF CAMs) are a class of cell adhesion molecules.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IgSF CAM · See more »

IL 17 family

The IL17 family is a family of cytokines.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL 17 family · See more »

IL-2 receptor

The interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) is a heterotrimeric protein expressed on the surface of certain immune cells, such as lymphocytes, that binds and responds to a cytokine called IL-2.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL-2 receptor · See more »

IL13RA2

Interleukin-13 receptor subunit alpha-2 (IL-13Rα2), also known as CD213A2 (cluster of differentiation 213A2), is a membrane bound protein that in humans is encoded by the IL13RA2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL13RA2 · See more »

IL17A

Interleukin-17A is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL17A gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL17A · See more »

IL17RA

Interleukin 17 receptor A, also known as IL17RA and CDw217 (cluster of differentiation w217), is a human gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL17RA · See more »

IL17RB

Interleukin-17 receptor B is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL17RB gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL17RB · See more »

IL17RC

Interleukin-17 receptor C is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL17RC gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL17RC · See more »

IL17RD

Interleukin 17 receptor D is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL17RD gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL17RD · See more »

IL18R1

The interleukin-18 receptor 1 (IL-18R1) is an interleukin receptor of the immunoglobulin superfamily.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL18R1 · See more »

IL18RAP

Interleukin 18 receptor accessory protein, also known as IL18RAP and CDw218b (cluster of differentiation w218b), is a human gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL18RAP · See more »

IL1A

Interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1α) also known as hematopoietin 1 is a cytokine of the interleukin 1 family that in humans is encoded by the IL1A gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL1A · See more »

IL1RAP

Interleukin-1 receptor accessory protein is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL1RAP gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL1RAP · See more »

IL1RL1

Interleukin 1 receptor-like 1, also known as IL1RL1 and ST2, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL1RL1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL1RL1 · See more »

IL22RA1

Interleukin 22 receptor, alpha 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL22RA1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL22RA1 · See more »

IL2RA

Interleukin-2 receptor alpha chain (also called CD25) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL2RA gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL2RA · See more »

IL2RB

Interleukin-2 receptor subunit beta is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL2RB gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL2RB · See more »

IL36A

Interleukin-36 alpha also known as interleukin-1 family member 6 (IL1F6) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL36A gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL36A · See more »

IL36B

Interleukin-36 beta also known as interleukin-1 family member 8 (IL1F8) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL36B gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL36B · See more »

IL36G

Interleukin-36 gamma previously known as interleukin-1 family member 9 (IL1F9) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL36G gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL36G · See more »

IL3RA

Interleukin 3 receptor, alpha (low affinity) (IL3RA), also known as CD123 (Cluster of Differentiation 123), is a human gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and IL3RA · See more »

Immune complex

An immune complex, sometimes called an antigen-antibody complex, is a molecule formed from the integral binding of an antibody to a soluble antigen.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immune complex · See more »

Immune disorder

An immune disorder is a dysfunction of the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immune disorder · See more »

Immune repertoire

The immune repertoire, is defined as, the number of different sub-types an organism's immune system makes, of any of the 6 key types of protein, either immunoglobulin or T cell receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immune repertoire · See more »

Immune system

The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immune system · See more »

Immune thrombocytopenic purpura

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a type of thrombocytopenic purpura defined as isolated low platelet count (thrombocytopenia) with normal bone marrow and the absence of other causes of thrombocytopenia.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immune thrombocytopenic purpura · See more »

Immune tolerance

Immune tolerance, or immunological tolerance, or immunotolerance, is a state of unresponsiveness of the immune system to substances or tissue that have the capacity to elicit an immune response in given organism.It is induced by prior exposure to that specific antigen.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immune tolerance · See more »

Immune tolerance in pregnancy

Immune tolerance in pregnancy or gestational/maternal immune tolerance is the absence of a maternal immune response against (in other words, immune tolerance towards) the fetus and placenta during pregnancy, which thus may be viewed as unusually successful allografts, since they genetically differ from the mother.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immune tolerance in pregnancy · See more »

Immunity (medical)

In biology, immunity is the balanced state of multicellular organisms having adequate biological defenses to fight infection, disease, or other unwanted biological invasion, while having adequate tolerance to avoid allergy, and autoimmune diseases.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunity (medical) · See more »

Immunization

Immunization, or immunisation, is the process by which an individual's immune system becomes fortified against an agent (known as the immunogen).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunization · See more »

Immunoadsorption

Immunoadsorption is an alternative blood purification technique used to eliminate pathogenic antibodies The technique shows results with rare side effects and a maximum elimination of pathogenic immunoglobulins from the blood.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunoadsorption · See more »

Immunoassay

An immunoassay is a biochemical test that measures the presence or concentration of a macromolecule or a small molecule in a solution through the use of an antibody (usually) or an antigen (sometimes).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunoassay · See more »

Immunochemistry

Immunochemistry is a branch of chemistry that involves the study of the molecular mechanisms underlying the function of the immune system, especially the nature of antibodies, antigens and their interactions.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunochemistry · See more »

Immunodeficiency

Immunodeficiency (or immune deficiency) is a state in which the immune system's ability to fight infectious disease and cancer is compromised or entirely absent.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunodeficiency · See more »

Immunodermatology

Immunodermatology studies skin as an organ of immunity in health and disease.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunodermatology · See more »

Immunofixation

Immunofixation permits the detection and typing of monoclonal antibodies or immunoglobulins in serum or urine.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunofixation · See more »

Immunofluorescence

Immunofluorescence is a technique used for light microscopy with a fluorescence microscope and is used primarily on microbiological samples.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunofluorescence · See more »

Immunogen

An immunogen is an antigen or any substance that may be specifically bound by components of the immune system (antibody, lymphocytes).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunogen · See more »

Immunogenetics

Immunogenetics or immungenetics is the branch of medical genetics that explores the relationship between the immune system and genetics.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunogenetics · See more »

Immunoglobulin A

Immunoglobulin A (IgA, also referred to as sIgA in its secretory form) is an antibody that plays a crucial role in the immune function of mucous membranes.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunoglobulin A · See more »

Immunoglobulin class switching

Immunoglobulin class switching, also known as isotype switching, isotypic commutation or class-switch recombination (CSR), is a biological mechanism that changes a B cell's production of immunoglobulin (antibodies) from one type to another, such as from the isotype IgM to the isotype IgG.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunoglobulin class switching · See more »

Immunoglobulin D

Immunoglobulin D (IgD) is an antibody isotype that makes up about 1% of proteins in the plasma membranes of immature B-lymphocytes where it is usually coexpressed with another cell surface antibody called IgM.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunoglobulin D · See more »

Immunoglobulin E

Immunoglobulin E (IgE) is a type of antibody (or immunoglobulin (Ig) "isotype") that has only been found in mammals.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunoglobulin E · See more »

Immunoglobulin G

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) is a type of antibody.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunoglobulin G · See more »

Immunoglobulin heavy chain

The immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) is the large polypeptide subunit of an antibody (immunoglobulin).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunoglobulin heavy chain · See more »

Immunoglobulin light chain

The immunoglobulin light chain is the small polypeptide subunit of an antibody (immunoglobulin).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunoglobulin light chain · See more »

Immunoglobulin M

Immunoglobulin M (IgM) is one of several forms of antibody that are produced by vertebrates.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunoglobulin M · See more »

Immunoglobulin superfamily

The immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF) is a large protein superfamily of cell surface and soluble proteins that are involved in the recognition, binding, or adhesion processes of cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunoglobulin superfamily · See more »

Immunological synapse

In immunology, an immunological synapse (or immune synapse) is the interface between an antigen-presenting cell or target cell and a lymphocyte such as an effector T cell or Natural Killer cell.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunological synapse · See more »

Immunology

Immunology is a branch of biology that covers the study of immune systems in all organisms.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunology · See more »

Immunomics

Immunomics is the study of immune system regulation and response to pathogens using genome-wide approaches.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunomics · See more »

Immunopathology

Immunopathology is a branch of medicine that deals with immune responses associated with disease.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunopathology · See more »

Immunophysics

Immunophysics is a novel interdisciplinary research field using immunological, biological, physical and chemical approaches to elucidate and modify immune-mediated mechanisms and to expand our knowledge on the pathomechanisms of chronic immune-mediated diseases such as arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, asthma and chronic infections.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunophysics · See more »

Immunoproliferative disorder

Immunoproliferative disorders, also known as immunoproliferative diseases or immunoproliferative neoplasms, are disorders of the immune system that are characterized by the abnormal proliferation of the primary cells of the immune system, which includes B cells, T cells and natural killer (NK) cells, or by the excessive production of immunoglobulins (also known as antibodies).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunoproliferative disorder · See more »

Immunoproteomics

Immunoproteomics is the study of large sets of proteins (proteomics) involved in the immune response.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunoproteomics · See more »

Immunostimulant

Immunostimulants, also known as immunostimulators, are substances (drugs and nutrients) that stimulate the immune system by inducing activation or increasing activity of any of its components.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunostimulant · See more »

Immunosuppression

Immunosuppression is a reduction of the activation or efficacy of the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunosuppression · See more »

Immunosuppressive drug

Immunosuppressive drugs or immunosuppressive agents or antirejection medications are drugs that inhibit or prevent activity of the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunosuppressive drug · See more »

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is the "treatment of disease by inducing, enhancing, or suppressing an immune response".

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunotherapy · See more »

Immunotoxicology

Immunotoxicology (sometimes abbreviated as ITOX) is the study of immune dysfunction resulting from exposure of an organism to a xenobiotic.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Immunotoxicology · See more »

In situ

In situ (often not italicized in English) is a Latin phrase that translates literally to "on site" or "in position".

New!!: Outline of immunology and In situ · See more »

In vitro

In vitro (meaning: in the glass) studies are performed with microorganisms, cells, or biological molecules outside their normal biological context.

New!!: Outline of immunology and In vitro · See more »

In vivo

Studies that are in vivo (Latin for "within the living"; often not italicized in English) are those in which the effects of various biological entities are tested on whole, living organisms or cells, usually animals, including humans, and plants, as opposed to a tissue extract or dead organism.

New!!: Outline of immunology and In vivo · See more »

Inflammasome

The inflammasome is a multiprotein oligomer responsible for the activation of inflammatory responses.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Inflammasome · See more »

Inflammation

Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Inflammation · See more »

Inflammatory bowel disease

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of inflammatory conditions of the colon and small intestine.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Inflammatory bowel disease · See more »

Inflammatory reflex

The inflammatory reflex is a neural circuit that regulates the immune response to injury and invasion.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Inflammatory reflex · See more »

Inhibitor of apoptosis domain

The inhibitor of apoptosis domain -- also known as IAP repeat, Baculovirus Inhibitor of apoptosis protein Repeat, or BIR -- is a structural motif found in proteins with roles in apoptosis, cytokine production, and chromosome segregation.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Inhibitor of apoptosis domain · See more »

Innate immune system

The innate immune system, also known as the non-specific immune system or in-born immunity system, is an important subsystem of the overall immune system that comprises the cells and mechanisms involved in the defense of the host from infection by other organisms.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Innate immune system · See more »

Innate lymphoid cell

Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are a group of innate immune cells that are derived from common lymphoid progenitor (CLP) and belong to the lymphoid lineage.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Innate lymphoid cell · See more »

Integrin

Integrins are transmembrane receptors that facilitate cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) adhesion.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin · See more »

Integrin alpha 1

CD49a is an integrin alpha subunit.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alpha 1 · See more »

Integrin alpha 10

Integrin alpha-10 also known as ITGA10 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ITGA10 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alpha 10 · See more »

Integrin alpha 11

Integrin alpha-11 is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the ITGA11 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alpha 11 · See more »

Integrin alpha 2

Integrin alpha-2 or CD49b (cluster of differentiation 49b) is a protein which in humans is encoded by the CD49b gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alpha 2 · See more »

Integrin alpha 2b

Integrin alpha-IIb is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ITGA2B gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alpha 2b · See more »

Integrin alpha 3

Integrin alpha-3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ITGA3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alpha 3 · See more »

Integrin alpha 4

CD49d is an integrin alpha subunit.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alpha 4 · See more »

Integrin alpha 5

Integrin alpha-5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ITGA5 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alpha 5 · See more »

Integrin alpha 6

Integrin alpha-6 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ITGA6 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alpha 6 · See more »

Integrin alpha 7

Alpha-7 integrin is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ITGA7 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alpha 7 · See more »

Integrin alpha 8

Integrin alpha-8 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ITGA8 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alpha 8 · See more »

Integrin alpha 9

Integrin alpha-9 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ITGA9 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alpha 9 · See more »

Integrin alpha D

Integrin alpha-D is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ITGAD gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alpha D · See more »

Integrin alpha L

Integrin, alpha L (antigen CD11A (p180), lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1; alpha polypeptide), also known as ITGAL, is a human gene which functions in the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alpha L · See more »

Integrin alpha M

Integrin alpha M (ITGAM) is one protein subunit that forms the heterodimeric integrin alpha-M beta-2 (αMβ2) molecule, also known as macrophage-1 antigen (Mac-1) or complement receptor 3 (CR3).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alpha M · See more »

Integrin alpha V

Integrin alpha-V is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ITGAV gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alpha V · See more »

Integrin alpha X

CD11c, also known as Integrin, alpha X (complement component 3 receptor 4 subunit) (ITGAX), is a gene that encodes for CD11c.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alpha X · See more »

Integrin alphaXbeta2

Integrin alphaXbeta2 (p150,95, CR4) is a complement receptor composed of CD11c and CD18.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin alphaXbeta2 · See more »

Integrin beta 1

Integrin beta-1 (ITGB1), also known as CD29, is a cell surface receptor that in humans is encoded by the ITGB1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin beta 1 · See more »

Integrin beta 2

In molecular biology, CD18 (Integrin beta chain-2) is an integrin beta chain protein that is encoded by the ITGB2 gene in humans.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin beta 2 · See more »

Integrin beta 3

Integrin beta-3 (β3) or CD61 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ITGB3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin beta 3 · See more »

Integrin beta 4

Integrin, beta 4 (ITGB4) also known as CD104 (Cluster of Differentiation 104), is a human gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin beta 4 · See more »

Integrin beta 5

Integrin beta-5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ITGB5 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin beta 5 · See more »

Integrin beta 6

Integrin beta-6 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ITGB6 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin beta 6 · See more »

Integrin beta 7

Integrin beta-7 is an integrin protein that in humans is encoded by the ITGB7 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin beta 7 · See more »

Integrin beta 8

Integrin beta-8 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ITGB8 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Integrin beta 8 · See more »

Intercellular adhesion molecule

In molecular biology, intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAMs) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) are part of the immunoglobulin superfamily.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Intercellular adhesion molecule · See more »

Interferon

Interferons (IFNs) are a group of signaling proteins made and released by host cells in response to the presence of several pathogens, such as viruses, bacteria, parasites, and also tumor cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interferon · See more »

Interferon gamma

Interferon gamma (IFNγ) is a dimerized soluble cytokine that is the only member of the type II class of interferons.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interferon gamma · See more »

Interferon gamma receptor 1

Interferon gamma receptor 1 (IFNGR1) also known as CD119 (Cluster of Differentiation 119), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IFNGR1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interferon gamma receptor 1 · See more »

Interferon gamma receptor 2

Interferon gamma receptor 2 also known as IFN-γR2 is a protein which in humans is encoded by the IFNGR2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interferon gamma receptor 2 · See more »

Interferon regulatory factors

Interferon regulatory factors are proteins which regulate transcription of interferons (see regulation of gene expression).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interferon regulatory factors · See more »

Interferon type I

Human type I interferons (IFNs) are a large subgroup of interferon proteins that help regulate the activity of the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interferon type I · See more »

Interferon type II

A sole member makes up the type II interferons (IFNs) that is called IFN-γ (gamma).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interferon type II · See more »

Interferon-alpha/beta receptor

The interferon-α/β receptor (IFNAR) is a virtually ubiquitous membrane receptor which binds endogenous type I interferon (IFN) cytokines.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interferon-alpha/beta receptor · See more »

Interferon-gamma receptor

The interferon-gamma receptor (IFNGR) is a receptor that binds interferon-γ, the sole member of interferon type II.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interferon-gamma receptor · See more »

Interleukin

Interleukins (ILs) are a group of cytokines (secreted proteins and signal molecules) that were first seen to be expressed by white blood cells (leukocytes).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin · See more »

Interleukin 1 beta

Interleukin 1 beta (IL1β) also known as leukocytic pyrogen, leukocytic endogenous mediator, mononuclear cell factor, lymphocyte activating factor and other names, is a cytokine protein that in humans is encoded by the IL1B gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 1 beta · See more »

Interleukin 1 receptor antagonist

The interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL1RN gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 1 receptor antagonist · See more »

Interleukin 1 receptor, type I

Interleukin 1 receptor, type I (IL1R1) also known as CD121a (Cluster of Differentiation 121a), is an interleukin receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 1 receptor, type I · See more »

Interleukin 1 receptor, type II

Interleukin 1 receptor, type II (IL-1R2) also known as CD121b (Cluster of Differentiation 121b) is an interleukin receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 1 receptor, type II · See more »

Interleukin 10

Interleukin 10 (IL-10), also known as human cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor (CSIF), is an anti-inflammatory cytokine.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 10 · See more »

Interleukin 10 receptor, alpha subunit

Interleukin 10 receptor, alpha subunit is a subunit for the interleukin-10 receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 10 receptor, alpha subunit · See more »

Interleukin 10 receptor, beta subunit

Interleukin 10 receptor, beta subunit is a subunit for the interleukin-10 receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 10 receptor, beta subunit · See more »

Interleukin 11

Interleukin 11 (IL-11) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL11 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 11 · See more »

Interleukin 11 receptor alpha subunit

Interleukin 11 receptor, alpha subunit is a subunit of the interleukin 11 receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 11 receptor alpha subunit · See more »

Interleukin 12

Interleukin 12 (IL-12) is an interleukin that is naturally produced by dendritic cells, macrophages, neutrophils, and human B-lymphoblastoid cells (NC-37) in response to antigenic stimulation.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 12 · See more »

Interleukin 12 receptor, beta 1 subunit

Interleukin-12 receptor, beta 1, or IL-12Rβ1 in short, is a subunit of the interleukin 12 receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 12 receptor, beta 1 subunit · See more »

Interleukin 12 receptor, beta 2 subunit

Interleukin 12 receptor, beta 2 subunit is a subunit of the interleukin 12 receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 12 receptor, beta 2 subunit · See more »

Interleukin 13

Interleukin 13 (IL-13) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL13 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 13 · See more »

Interleukin 13 receptor, alpha 1

Interleukin 13 receptor, alpha 1, also known as IL13RA1 and CD213A1 (cluster of differentiation 213A1), is a human gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 13 receptor, alpha 1 · See more »

Interleukin 15

Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a cytokine with structural similarity to Interleukin-2 (IL-2).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 15 · See more »

Interleukin 15 receptor, alpha subunit

Interleukin 15 receptor, alpha subunit is a subunit of the interleukin 15 receptor that in humans is encoded by the IL15RA gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 15 receptor, alpha subunit · See more »

Interleukin 16

Pro-interleukin-16 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL16 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 16 · See more »

Interleukin 17

Interleukin 17A (IL-17 or IL-17A) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 17 · See more »

Interleukin 18

Interleukin-18 (IL18, also known as interferon-gamma inducing factor) is a protein which in humans is encoded by the IL18 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 18 · See more »

Interleukin 19

Interleukin 19 (IL19) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL19 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 19 · See more »

Interleukin 2

Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is an interleukin, a type of cytokine signaling molecule in the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 2 · See more »

Interleukin 20

Interleukin 20 (IL20) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL20 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 20 · See more »

Interleukin 20 receptor, alpha subunit

Interleukin 20 receptor, alpha subunit is a subunit for the interleukin-20 receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 20 receptor, alpha subunit · See more »

Interleukin 20 receptor, beta subunit

Interleukin-20 receptor beta chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL20RB gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 20 receptor, beta subunit · See more »

Interleukin 21

Interleukin 21 (IL-21) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL21 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 21 · See more »

Interleukin 22

Interleukin-22 (IL-22) is protein that in humans is encoded by the IL22 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 22 · See more »

Interleukin 23

Interleukin-23 (IL-23) is a heterodimeric cytokine composed of an IL12B (IL-12p40) subunit (that is shared with IL12) and the (IL-23p19) subunit.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 23 · See more »

Interleukin 24

Interleukin 24 (IL-24) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL24 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 24 · See more »

Interleukin 25

Interleukin-25 (IL-25) – also known as interleukin-17E (IL-17E) – is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL25 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 25 · See more »

Interleukin 26

Interleukin-26 (IL-26) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL26 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 26 · See more »

Interleukin 27

Interleukin 27 (IL-27) is a member of the IL-12 cytokine family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 27 · See more »

Interleukin 27 receptor, alpha subunit

Interleukin 27 receptor, alpha is a subunit of the interleukin-27 receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 27 receptor, alpha subunit · See more »

Interleukin 28

Interleukin-28 (IL-28) is a cytokine that comes in two isoforms, IL-28A and IL-28B, and plays a role in immune defense against viruses, including the induction of an "antiviral state" by turning on Mx proteins, 2',5'-oligoadenylate synthetase as well as ISGF3G (Interferon Stimulated Gene Factor 3).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 28 · See more »

Interleukin 28 receptor, alpha subunit

Interleukin 28 receptor, alpha subunit is a subunit for the interleukin-28 receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 28 receptor, alpha subunit · See more »

Interleukin 28B

Interleukin 28B (interferon-λ 3) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL28B gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 28B · See more »

Interleukin 29

Interleukin-29 (IL-29) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL29 gene that resides on chromosome 19.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 29 · See more »

Interleukin 3

Interleukin 3 (IL-3) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 3 · See more »

Interleukin 30

Interleukin-30 (IL-30) is a protein with a molecular weight of 28 kilodaltons, which forms one chain of the heterodimeric cytokine called interleukin 27 (IL-27), thus is sometimes called IL27-p28.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 30 · See more »

Interleukin 31

Interleukin-31 (IL-31) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL31 gene that resides on chromosome 12.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 31 · See more »

Interleukin 32

Interleukin 32 (Il32) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL32 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 32 · See more »

Interleukin 33

Interleukin 33 (IL-33) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL33 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 33 · See more »

Interleukin 34

Interleukin 34 (IL-34) is a protein belonging to a group of cytokines called interleukins.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 34 · See more »

Interleukin 35

Interleukin 35 (IL-35) is a recently discovered cytokine from the IL-12 family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 35 · See more »

Interleukin 37

Interleukin-1 family member 7 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL1F7 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 37 · See more »

Interleukin 4

The interleukin 4 (IL4, IL-4) is a cytokine that induces differentiation of naive helper T cells (Th0 cells) to Th2 cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 4 · See more »

Interleukin 5

Interleukin 5 (IL5) is an interleukin produced by type-2 T helper cells and mast cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 5 · See more »

Interleukin 5 receptor alpha subunit

Interleukin 5 receptor, alpha (IL5RA) also known as CD125 (Cluster of Differentiation 125) is a subunit of the Interleukin-5 receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 5 receptor alpha subunit · See more »

Interleukin 6

Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is an interleukin that acts as both a pro-inflammatory cytokine and an anti-inflammatory myokine.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 6 · See more »

Interleukin 7

Interleukin 7 (IL-7) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL7 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 7 · See more »

Interleukin 8

Interleukin 8 (IL8 or chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 8, CXCL8) is a chemokine produced by macrophages and other cell types such as epithelial cells, airway smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 8 · See more »

Interleukin 8 receptor, alpha

Interleukin 8 receptor, alpha is a chemokine receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 8 receptor, alpha · See more »

Interleukin 8 receptor, beta

Interleukin 8 receptor, beta is a chemokine receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 8 receptor, beta · See more »

Interleukin 9

Interleukin 9, also known as IL-9, is a pleiotropic cytokine (cell signalling molecule) belonging to the group of interleukins.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin 9 · See more »

Interleukin-1 receptor

Interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) is a cytokine receptor which binds interleukin 1.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-1 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-1 receptor family

Members of the very wide interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) family are characterized by extracellular immunoglobulin-like domains and intracellular Toll/Interleukin-1R (TIR) domain.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-1 receptor family · See more »

Interleukin-10 receptor

Interleukin-10 receptor is a type II cytokine receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-10 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-11 receptor

The interleukin 11 receptor is a type I cytokine receptor, binding interleukin 11.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-11 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-12 receptor

Interleukin 12 receptor is a type I cytokine receptor, binding interleukin 12.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-12 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-13 receptor

The interleukin-13 receptor is a type I cytokine receptor, binding Interleukin-13.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-13 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-15 receptor

Interleukin-15 receptor is a type I cytokine receptor, binding interleukin-15.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-15 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-18 receptor

The interleukin-18 receptor (IL-18R) is an interleukin receptor of the immunoglobulin superfamily.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-18 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-20 receptor

Interleukin-20 receptor is a type II cytokine receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-20 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-21 receptor

Interleukin 21 receptor is a type I cytokine receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-21 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-22 receptor

Interleukin-22 receptor is a type II cytokine receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-22 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-23 receptor

Interleukin-23 receptor is a type I cytokine receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-23 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-27 receptor

The interleukin-27 receptor is a type I cytokine receptor for interleukin-27.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-27 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-28 receptor

Interleukin-28 receptor is a type II cytokine receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-28 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-3 receptor

The interleukin-3 receptor (also known as CD123 antigen) is a molecule found on cells which helps transmit the signal of interleukin-3, a soluble cytokine important in the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-3 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-4 receptor

The interleukin 4 receptor is a type I cytokine receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-4 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-5 receptor

The interleukin-5 receptor is a type I cytokine receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-5 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-6 receptor

Interleukin 6 receptor (IL6R) also known as CD126 (Cluster of Differentiation 126) is a type I cytokine receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-6 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-7 receptor

The interleukin-7 receptor is a protein found on the surface of cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-7 receptor · See more »

Interleukin-7 receptor-α

Interleukin-7 receptor subunit alpha (IL7R-α) also known as CD127 (Cluster of Differentiation 127) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL7R gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-7 receptor-α · See more »

Interleukin-9 receptor

Interleukin 9 receptor (IL9R) also known as CD129 (Cluster of Differentiation 129) is a type I cytokine receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Interleukin-9 receptor · See more »

Intravascular immunity

Intravascular immunity describes the immune response in the bloodstream, and its role is to fight and prevent the spread of pathogens.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Intravascular immunity · See more »

Intrinsic immunity

Intrinsic immunity refers to a set of recently discovered cellular-based anti-viral defense mechanisms, notably genetically encoded proteins which specifically target eukaryotic retroviruses.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Intrinsic immunity · See more »

Isotype (immunology)

In immunology, the immunoglobulin (Ig) isotype (class) is encoded by the constant region segments of the immunoglobulin gene which form the Fc portion of an antibody.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Isotype (immunology) · See more »

ITGAE

Integrin, alpha E (ITGAE) also known as CD103 (cluster of differentiation 103) is an integrin protein that in human is encoded by the ITGAE gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and ITGAE · See more »

JAK-STAT signaling pathway

The JAK-STAT signalling pathway is a chain of interactions between proteins in a cell, and is involved in processes such as immunity, cell division, cell death and tumour formation.

New!!: Outline of immunology and JAK-STAT signaling pathway · See more »

JAM2

Junctional adhesion molecule B is a protein that in humans is encoded by the JAM2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and JAM2 · See more »

Junctional diversity

Junctional diversity describes the DNA sequence variations introduced by the improper joining of gene segments during the process of V(D)J recombination.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Junctional diversity · See more »

Killer activation receptor

Killer Activation Receptors (KARs) are receptors expressed on the plasmatic membrane of Natural Killer cells (NK cells).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Killer activation receptor · See more »

Killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor

Killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs), are a family of type I transmembrane glycoproteins expressed on the plasma membrane of natural killer (NK) cells and a minority of T cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor · See more »

KIR2DL1

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DL1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KIR2DL1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and KIR2DL1 · See more »

KIR2DL4

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DL4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KIR2DL4 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and KIR2DL4 · See more »

KIR2DS1

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, two domains, short cytoplasmic tail, 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KIR2DS1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and KIR2DS1 · See more »

KIR2DS4

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DS4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KIR2DS4 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and KIR2DS4 · See more »

KIR3DL1

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 3DL1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KIR3DL1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and KIR3DL1 · See more »

KIR3DL2

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 3DL2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KIR3DL2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and KIR3DL2 · See more »

KIR3DL3

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 3DL3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KIR3DL3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and KIR3DL3 · See more »

Kupffer cell

Kupffer cells, also known as stellate macrophages and Kupffer-Browicz cells, are specialized macrophages located in the liver, lining the walls of the sinusoids.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Kupffer cell · See more »

L-selectin

L-selectin, also known as CD62L, is a cell adhesion molecule found on lymphocytes and the preimplantation embryo.

New!!: Outline of immunology and L-selectin · See more »

L1 (protein)

L1, also known as L1CAM, is a transmembrane protein member of the L1 protein family, encoded by the L1CAM gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and L1 (protein) · See more »

L1 family

The L1 family is a family of cell adhesion molecules that includes four different L1-like proteins.

New!!: Outline of immunology and L1 family · See more »

Langerhans cell

Langerhans cells are dendritic cells (antigen-presenting immune cells) of the skin, and contain organelles called Birbeck granules.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Langerhans cell · See more »

Langerin

CD207, langerin (Cluster of Differentiation 207) is a protein which in humans is encoded by the CD207 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Langerin · See more »

Langhans giant cell

Langhans giant cells (also known as Pirogov-Langhans cells) are large cells found in granulomatous conditions.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Langhans giant cell · See more »

Latex allergy

Latex allergy is a medical term encompassing a range of allergic reactions to the proteins present in natural rubber latex.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Latex allergy · See more »

Lectin

Lectins are carbohydrate-binding proteins, macromolecules that are highly specific for sugar moieties of other molecules.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Lectin · See more »

Lectin pathway

The lectin pathway is a type of cascade reaction in the complement system, similar in structure to the classical complement pathway, in that, after activation, it proceeds through the action of C4 and C2 to produce activated complement proteins further down the cascade.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Lectin pathway · See more »

Leukemia inhibitory factor

Leukemia inhibitory factor, or LIF, is an interleukin 6 class cytokine that affects cell growth by inhibiting differentiation.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Leukemia inhibitory factor · See more »

Leukemia inhibitory factor receptor

LIFR also known as CD118 (Cluster of Differentiation 118), is a subunit of a receptor for leukemia inhibitory factor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Leukemia inhibitory factor receptor · See more »

Leukocyte extravasation

Leukocyte extravasation, less commonly called diapedesis, is the movement of leukocytes out of the circulatory system and towards the site of tissue damage or infection.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Leukocyte extravasation · See more »

Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptors

The leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptors (LILR) are a family of receptors possessing extracellular immunoglobulin domains.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptors · See more »

LGP2

Probable ATP-dependent RNA helicase DHX58 also known as RIG-I-like receptor 3 (RLR-3) or RIG-I-like receptor LGP2 (RLR) is a RIG-I-like receptor dsRNA helicase enzyme that in humans is encoded by the DHX58 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and LGP2 · See more »

LIGHT (protein)

LIGHT, also known as tumor necrosis factor superfamily member 14 (TNFSF14), is a secreted protein of the TNF superfamily.

New!!: Outline of immunology and LIGHT (protein) · See more »

LILRA1

Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor, subfamily A (with TM domain), member 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LILRA1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and LILRA1 · See more »

LILRA2

Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor subfamily A member 2 (LILRA2, CD85H, ILT1) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LILRA2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and LILRA2 · See more »

LILRA3

Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor subfamily A member 3 (LILR-A3) also known as CD85 antigen-like family member E (CD85e), immunoglobulin-like transcript 6 (ILT-6), and leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor 4 (LIR-4) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LILRA3 gene located within the eukocyte receptor complex on chromosome 19q13.4.

New!!: Outline of immunology and LILRA3 · See more »

LILRA4

Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor subfamily A member 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LILRA4 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and LILRA4 · See more »

LILRB1

Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor subfamily B member 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LILRB1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and LILRB1 · See more »

LILRB2

Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor subfamily B member 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LILRB2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and LILRB2 · See more »

LILRB3

Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor subfamily B member 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LILRB3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and LILRB3 · See more »

LILRB4

Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor subfamily B member 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LILRB4 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and LILRB4 · See more »

LILRB5

Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor subfamily B member 5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LILRB5 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and LILRB5 · See more »

Linearity

Linearity is the property of a mathematical relationship or function which means that it can be graphically represented as a straight line.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Linearity · See more »

List of allergens

This is a list of allergies, which includes the allergen, potential reactions, and a brief description of the cause where applicable.

New!!: Outline of immunology and List of allergens · See more »

List of autoimmune diseases

This list of autoimmune diseases is categorized by organ and tissue type to help locate diseases that may be similar.

New!!: Outline of immunology and List of autoimmune diseases · See more »

List of human clusters of differentiation

The following is a list of human clusters of differentiation (or CD) molecules.

New!!: Outline of immunology and List of human clusters of differentiation · See more »

List of immunologists

This is a list of notable immunologists.

New!!: Outline of immunology and List of immunologists · See more »

List of vaccine ingredients

This list of vaccine ingredients indicates the culture media used in the production of common vaccines and the excipients they contain, as published by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Food and Drug Administration.

New!!: Outline of immunology and List of vaccine ingredients · See more »

List of virus species

Excluded are other ranks of virus, viroids and prions.

New!!: Outline of immunology and List of virus species · See more »

Liver

The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Liver · See more »

Low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor

The low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor (nerve growth factor receptor (TNFR superfamily, member 16), also called the LNGFR or p75 neurotrophin receptor) is one of the two receptor types for the neurotrophins, a family of protein growth factors that stimulate neuronal cells to survive and differentiate.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor · See more »

Lung

The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Lung · See more »

LY75

Lymphocyte antigen 75 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LY75 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and LY75 · See more »

LY9

T-lymphocyte surface antigen Ly-9 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LY9 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and LY9 · See more »

Lymph node

A lymph node or lymph gland is an ovoid or kidney-shaped organ of the lymphatic system, and of the adaptive immune system, that is widely present throughout the body.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Lymph node · See more »

Lymph node stromal cell

Lymph node stromal cells are essential to the structure and function of the lymph node.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Lymph node stromal cell · See more »

Lymphatic system

The lymphatic system is part of the vascular system and an important part of the immune system, comprising a network of lymphatic vessels that carry a clear fluid called lymph (from Latin, lympha meaning "water") directionally towards the heart.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Lymphatic system · See more »

Lymphoblast

A lymphoblast is a modified naive lymphocyte that also looks completely different.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Lymphoblast · See more »

Lymphocyte

A lymphocyte is one of the subtypes of white blood cell in a vertebrate's immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Lymphocyte · See more »

Lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1

Lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) is a cellular adhesion molecule found on lymphocytes.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 · See more »

Lymphocyte homing receptor

Lymphocyte homing receptors are cell adhesion molecules expressed on lymphocyte cell membranes that recognize addressins on target tissues.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Lymphocyte homing receptor · See more »

Lymphopoiesis

Lymphopoiesis (lĭm'fō-poi-ē'sĭs) (or lymphocytopoiesis) is the generation of lymphocytes, one of the five types of white blood cell (WBC).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Lymphopoiesis · See more »

Lymphotoxin

Lymphotoxin (previously known as tumor necrosis factor-beta) is a lymphokine cytokine.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Lymphotoxin · See more »

Lymphotoxin alpha

Lymphotoxin-alpha (LT-α) or tumor necrosis factor-beta (TNF-β) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LTA gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Lymphotoxin alpha · See more »

Lymphotoxin beta

Lymphotoxin-beta (LT-beta) also known as tumor necrosis factor C (TNF-C) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LTB gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Lymphotoxin beta · See more »

Lymphotoxin beta receptor

Lymphotoxin beta receptor (LTBR), also known as tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 3 (TNFRSF3), is a cell surface receptor for lymphotoxin involved in apoptosis and cytokine release.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Lymphotoxin beta receptor · See more »

Lysozyme

Lysozyme, also known as muramidase or N-acetylmuramide glycanhydrolase is an antimicrobial enzyme produced by animals that forms part of the innate immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Lysozyme · See more »

Macrophage

Macrophages (big eaters, from Greek μακρός (makrós).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Macrophage · See more »

Macrophage colony-stimulating factor

The colony stimulating factor 1 (CSF1), also known as macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), is a secreted cytokine which influences hematopoietic stem cells to differentiate into macrophages or other related cell types.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Macrophage colony-stimulating factor · See more »

Macrophage-1 antigen

Macrophage-1 antigen (or integrin αMβ2 or macrophage integrin or Mac-1) is a complement receptor ("CR3") consisting of CD11b (integrin αM) and CD18 (integrin β2).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Macrophage-1 antigen · See more »

Major histocompatibility complex

The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is a set of cell surface proteins essential for the acquired immune system to recognize foreign molecules in vertebrates, which in turn determines histocompatibility.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Major histocompatibility complex · See more »

Major histocompatibility complex, class II, DP alpha 1

Major histocompatibility complex, class II, DP alpha 1, also known as HLA-DPA1, is a human gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Major histocompatibility complex, class II, DP alpha 1 · See more »

Major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ alpha 1

Major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ alpha 1, also known as HLA-DQA1, is a human gene present on short arm of chromosome 6 (6p21.3) and also denotes the genetic locus which contains this gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ alpha 1 · See more »

Mannan-binding lectin

Mannose-binding lectin (MBL), also called mannose-binding protein or mannan-binding protein (MBP), is a lectin that is instrumental in innate immunity via the lectin pathway.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Mannan-binding lectin · See more »

Mannose receptor

The mannose receptor (Cluster of Differentiation 206, CD206) is a C-type lectin primarily present on the surface of macrophages and immature dendritic cells, but is also expressed on the surface of skin cells such as human dermal fibroblasts and keratinocytes.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Mannose receptor · See more »

Mantoux test

The Mantoux test or Mendel-Mantoux test (also known as the Mantoux screening test, tuberculin sensitivity test, Pirquet test, or PPD test for purified protein derivative) is a tool for screening for tuberculosis (TB) and for tuberculosis diagnosis.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Mantoux test · See more »

MARCO

Macrophage receptor MARCO also known as macrophage receptor with collagenous structure (MARCO) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MARCO gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and MARCO · See more »

Marginal zone

The marginal zone is the region at the interface between the non-lymphoid red pulp and the lymphoid white-pulp of the spleen.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Marginal zone · See more »

Marginal zone B-cell

Marginal zone B cells are noncirculating mature B cells that segregate anatomically into the marginal zone (MZ) of the spleen.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Marginal zone B-cell · See more »

MASP1 (protein)

Mannan-binding lectin serine protease 1 also known as mannose-associated serine protease 1 (MASP-1) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the MASP1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and MASP1 (protein) · See more »

MASP2 (protein)

Mannan-binding lectin serine protease 2 also known as mannose-binding protein-associated serine protease 2 (MASP-2) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the MASP2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and MASP2 (protein) · See more »

Mass cytometry

Mass cytometry is a mass spectrometry technique based on inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and time of flight mass spectrometry used for the determination of the properties of cells (cytometry).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Mass cytometry · See more »

Mast cell

A mast cell (also known as a mastocyte or a labrocyte) is a type of white blood cell.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Mast cell · See more »

MDA5

MDA5 (Melanoma Differentiation-Associated protein 5) is a RIG-I-like receptor dsRNA helicase enzyme that in humans is encoded by the IFIH1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and MDA5 · See more »

Medical College of Georgia

The Medical College of Georgia (often referred to as MCG) is the flagship medical school of the University System of Georgia, the state's only public medical school, and one of the top 10 largest medical schools in the United States.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Medical College of Georgia · See more »

Megakaryoblast

A megakaryoblast is a precursor cell to a promegakaryocyte, which in turn becomes a megakaryocyte during haematopoiesis.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Megakaryoblast · See more »

Megakaryocyte

A megakaryocyte (mega- + karyo- + -cyte, "large-nucleus cell") is a large bone marrow cell with a lobated nucleus responsible for the production of blood thrombocytes (platelets), which are necessary for normal blood clotting.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Megakaryocyte · See more »

Megakaryocyte–erythroid progenitor cell

The megakaryocyte–erythroid progenitor cell (or MEP, or hMEP to specify human) is a cell that gives rise to megakaryocytes and erythrocytes.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Megakaryocyte–erythroid progenitor cell · See more »

Memory B cell

Memory B cells are a B cell sub-type that are formed within germinal centers following primary infection and are important in generating an accelerated and more robust antibody-mediated immune response in the case of re-infection (also known as a secondary immune response).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Memory B cell · See more »

Memory T cell

Memory T cells are a subset of infection- and cancer-fighting T cells (also known as a T lymphocyte) that have previously encountered and responded to their cognate antigen; thus, the term antigen-experienced T cell is often applied.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Memory T cell · See more »

Meninges

The meninges (singular: meninx, from membrane, adjectival: meningeal) are the three membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Meninges · See more »

Metamyelocyte

A metamyelocyte is a cell undergoing granulopoiesis, derived from a myelocyte, and leading to a band cell.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Metamyelocyte · See more »

MHC class I

MHC class I molecules are one of two primary classes of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules (the other being MHC class II) and are found on the cell surface of all nucleated cells in the bodies of jawed vertebrates.

New!!: Outline of immunology and MHC class I · See more »

MHC class II

MHC class II molecules are a class of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules normally found only on antigen-presenting cells such as dendritic cells, mononuclear phagocytes, some endothelial cells, thymic epithelial cells, and B cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and MHC class II · See more »

MHC multimer

MHC multimers are oligomeric forms of MHC molecules, designed to identify and isolate T-cells with high affinity to specific antigens amid a large group of unrelated T-cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and MHC multimer · See more »

Microantibody

A microantibody is an artificial short chain of amino acids copied from a fully functional natural antibody.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Microantibody · See more »

Microfold cell

Microfold cells (or M cells) are found in the gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) of the Peyer's patches in the small intestine, and in the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) of other parts of the gastrointestinal tract.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Microfold cell · See more »

Microglia

Microglia are a type of neuroglia (glial cell) located throughout the brain and spinal cord.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Microglia · See more »

Milk allergy

Milk allergy is an adverse immune reaction to one or more proteins in cow's milk.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Milk allergy · See more »

Mimotope

A mimotope is a macromolecule, often a peptide, which mimics the structure of an epitope.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Mimotope · See more »

Mincle receptor

Macrophage inducible Ca2+-dependent lectin receptor, (abbreviated to Mincle), is a member of the C-type lectin superfamily encoded by the gene CLEC4E.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Mincle receptor · See more »

Monoblast

Monoblasts are normally found in bone marrow and do not appear in the normal peripheral blood.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Monoblast · See more »

Monoclonal antibody

Monoclonal antibodies (mAb or moAb) are antibodies that are made by identical immune cells that are all clones of a unique parent cell.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Monoclonal antibody · See more »

Monocyte

Monocytes are a type of leukocyte, or white blood cell.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Monocyte · See more »

Monocytopoiesis

Monocytopoiesis is the process which leads to the production of monocytes (and, subsequently, macrophages).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Monocytopoiesis · See more »

MS4A2

High affinity immunoglobulin epsilon receptor subunit beta is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MS4A2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and MS4A2 · See more »

MSR1

Macrophage scavenger receptor 1, also known as MSR1, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the MSR1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and MSR1 · See more »

Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue

The mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT), also called mucosa-associated lymphatic tissue, is a diffuse system of small concentrations of lymphoid tissue found in various submucosal membrane sites of the body, such as the gastrointestinal tract, oral passage, nasopharyngeal tract, thyroid, breast, lung, salivary glands, eye, and skin.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue · See more »

Mucosal associated invariant T cell

Mucosal associated invariant T cells (MAIT cells) make up a subset of T cells in the immune system that display innate, effector-like qualities.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Mucosal associated invariant T cell · See more »

Mucosal immunology

Mucosal immunology is the study of immune system responses that occur at mucosal membranes of the intestines, the urogenital tract and the respiratory system, i.e., surfaces that are in contact with the external environment.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Mucosal immunology · See more »

Mucous membrane

A mucous membrane or mucosa is a membrane that lines various cavities in the body and covers the surface of internal organs.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Mucous membrane · See more »

Mucus

Mucus is a slippery aqueous secretion produced by, and covering, mucous membranes.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Mucus · See more »

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Multiple sclerosis · See more »

Myasthenia gravis

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a long-term neuromuscular disease that leads to varying degrees of skeletal muscle weakness.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Myasthenia gravis · See more »

Myelin-associated glycoprotein

Myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG, Siglec-4) is a cell membrane glycoprotein that is a member of the SIGLEC family of proteins and is a functional ligand of the NoGo-66 receptor, (NgR).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Myelin-associated glycoprotein · See more »

Myeloblast

The myeloblast is a unipotent stem cell, which will differentiate into one of the effectors of the granulocyte series.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Myeloblast · See more »

Myelocyte

A myelocyte is a young cell of the granulocytic series, occurring normally in bone marrow (can be found in circulating blood when caused by certain diseases).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Myelocyte · See more »

Myelopoiesis

In hematology, myelopoiesis in the broadest sense of the term is the production of bone marrow and of all cells that arise from it, namely, all blood cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Myelopoiesis · See more »

NAIP (gene)

Baculoviral IAP repeat-containing protein 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NAIP gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NAIP (gene) · See more »

Naive T cell

A naïve T cell (Th0 cell) is a T cell that has differentiated in bone marrow, and successfully undergone the positive and negative processes of central selection in the thymus.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Naive T cell · See more »

NALP3

NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 3 (NALP3), also known as cryopyrin, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NLRP3 gene located on the long arm of chromosome 1.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NALP3 · See more »

National Center for Biotechnology Information

The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) is part of the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), a branch of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

New!!: Outline of immunology and National Center for Biotechnology Information · See more »

Natural killer cell

Natural killer cells or NK cells are a type of cytotoxic lymphocyte critical to the innate immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Natural killer cell · See more »

Natural killer T cell

Natural killer T (NKT) cells are a heterogeneous group of T cells that share properties of both T cells and natural killer cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Natural killer T cell · See more »

Nature Reviews Immunology

Nature Reviews Immunology is a monthly review journal covering the field of immunology.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Nature Reviews Immunology · See more »

NCR1

Natural cytotoxicity triggering receptor 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NCR1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NCR1 · See more »

NCR2

Natural cytotoxicity triggering receptor 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NCR2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NCR2 · See more »

NCR3

Natural cytotoxicity triggering receptor 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NCR3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NCR3 · See more »

Nectin

Nectins and Nectin-like molecules (Necl) are families of cellular adhesion molecules involved in Ca2+-independent cellular adhesion.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Nectin · See more »

Neonatal Fc receptor

The neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn), also known as the Brambell receptor, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FCGRT gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Neonatal Fc receptor · See more »

Neoplasm

Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Neoplasm · See more »

Neural cell adhesion molecule

Neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM), also called CD56, is a homophilic binding glycoprotein expressed on the surface of neurons, glia and skeletal muscle.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Neural cell adhesion molecule · See more »

Neuroimmune system

The neuroimmune system is a system of structures and processes involving the biochemical and electrophysiological interactions between the nervous system and immune system which protect neurons from pathogens.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Neuroimmune system · See more »

Neuroimmunology

Neuroimmunology is a field combining neuroscience, the study of the nervous system, and immunology, the study of the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Neuroimmunology · See more »

Neutralisation (immunology)

Neutralisation or neutralization in the immunological sense refers to the ability of specific antibodies to block the site(s) on viruses that they use to enter their target cell.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Neutralisation (immunology) · See more »

Neutralizing antibody

A neutralizing antibody (NAb) is an antibody that defends a cell from an antigen or infectious body by neutralizing any effect it has biologically.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Neutralizing antibody · See more »

Neutrophil

Neutrophils (also known as neutrocytes) are the most abundant type of granulocytes and the most abundant (40% to 70%) type of white blood cells in most mammals.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Neutrophil · See more »

NF-κB

NF-κB (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells) is a protein complex that controls transcription of DNA, cytokine production and cell survival.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NF-κB · See more »

NFAT

Nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT) is a family of transcription factors shown to be important in immune response.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NFAT · See more »

NFAT5

Nuclear factor of activated T-cells 5, also known as NFAT5, is a human gene that encodes a transcription factor that regulates the expression of genes involved in the osmotic stress.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NFAT5 · See more »

NFATC1

Nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NFATC1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NFATC1 · See more »

NFATC2

Nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NFATC2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NFATC2 · See more »

NFATC3

Nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NFATC3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NFATC3 · See more »

NFATC4

Nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NFATC4 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NFATC4 · See more »

NKG2D

NKG2D is a transmembrane protein belonging to the CD94/NKG2 family of C-type lectin-like receptors.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NKG2D · See more »

NLRC3

NLRC3, short for NOD-like receptor family CARD domain containing 3, is an intracellular protein that plays a role in the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NLRC3 · See more »

NLRC4

NLR family CARD domain-containing protein 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NLRC4 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NLRC4 · See more »

NLRC5

NLRC5, short for NOD-like receptor family CARD domain containing 5, is an intracellular protein that plays a role in the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NLRC5 · See more »

NLRP1

NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NLRP1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NLRP1 · See more »

NLRP10

NLRP10, short for NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 10, is an intracellular protein of mammals that functions in apoptosis and the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NLRP10 · See more »

NLRP11

NLRP11, short for NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 11, is an intracellular protein of mammals.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NLRP11 · See more »

NLRP12

NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 12 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NLRP12 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NLRP12 · See more »

NLRP13

NLRP13, short for NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 13, is an intracellular protein of mammals.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NLRP13 · See more »

NLRP14

NLRP14, short for NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 14, is an intracellular protein of mammals associated with a role in spermatogenesis.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NLRP14 · See more »

NLRP2

NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NLRP2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NLRP2 · See more »

NLRP4

NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NLRP4 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NLRP4 · See more »

NLRP5

NLRP5, short for NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 5, is an intracellular protein that plays a role in early embryogenesis.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NLRP5 · See more »

NLRP6

NLRP6, short for NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 6, is an intracellular protein that plays a role in the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NLRP6 · See more »

NLRP7

NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 7 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NLRP7 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NLRP7 · See more »

NLRP8

NLRP8, short for NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 8, is an intracellular protein that is expressed in the ovaries, testes, and preimplantation embryos of mammals.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NLRP8 · See more »

NLRP9

NLRP9, short for NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 9, is an intracellular protein that is expressed in the ovaries, testes, oocytes, and preimplantation embryos of mammals that is likely involved in reproductive processes.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NLRP9 · See more »

NLRX1

NLRX1 or NLR family member X1, short for nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain, leucine rich repeat containing X1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NLRX1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NLRX1 · See more »

NOD-like receptor

The nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptors, in short NOD-like receptors (NLRs), are intracellular sensors of PAMPs that enter the cell via phagocytosis or pores and DAMPs that are associated with cell stress.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NOD-like receptor · See more »

NOD1

Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 1 (NOD1) is a protein receptor that in humans is encoded by the NOD1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NOD1 · See more »

NOD2

Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 (NOD2), also known as caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 15 (CARD15) or inflammatory bowel disease protein 1 (IBD1), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NOD2 gene located on chromosome 16.

New!!: Outline of immunology and NOD2 · See more »

Nucleated red blood cell

With the exception of mammals, all vertebrate organisms have hemoglobin-containing cells in their blood and all of these red blood cells contain a nucleus.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Nucleated red blood cell · See more »

Nuocyte

The nuocyte is a cell of the innate immune system that plays an important role in type 2 immune responses that are induced in response to helminth worm infection or in conditions such as asthma and atopic disease.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Nuocyte · See more »

Obligate

As an adjective, obligate means "by necessity" (antonym facultative) and is used mainly in biology in phrases such as.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Obligate · See more »

Ocular immune system

The ocular immune system protects the eye from infection and regulates healing processes following injuries.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Ocular immune system · See more »

OLR1

Oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor 1 (Ox-LDL receptor 1) also known as lectin-type oxidized LDL receptor 1 (LOX-1) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the OLR1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and OLR1 · See more »

Oncostatin M

Oncostatin M, also known as OSM, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the OSM gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Oncostatin M · See more »

Oncostatin M receptor

Oncostatin-M specific receptor subunit beta also known as the oncostatin M receptor, is one of the receptor proteins for oncostatin M, that in humans is encoded by the OSMR gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Oncostatin M receptor · See more »

Open access

Open access (OA) refers to research outputs which are distributed online and free of cost or other barriers, and possibly with the addition of a Creative Commons license to promote reuse.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Open access · See more »

Opsonin

An opsonin (from the Greek opsōneîn, to prepare for eating) is any molecule that enhances phagocytosis by marking an antigen for an immune response or marking dead cells for recycling (i.e., causes the phagocyte to "relish" the marked cell).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Opsonin · See more »

Organ transplantation

Organ transplantation is a medical procedure in which an organ is removed from one body and placed in the body of a recipient, to replace a damaged or missing organ.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Organ transplantation · See more »

Organism

In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Organism · See more »

Original antigenic sin

Original antigenic sin, also known as the Hoskins effect, refers to the propensity of the body's immune system to preferentially utilize immunological memory based on a previous infection when a second slightly different version of that foreign entity (e.g. a virus or bacterium) is encountered.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Original antigenic sin · See more »

Orosomucoid

Orosomucoid (ORM) or alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (α1AGp, AGP or AAG) is an acute phase (acute phase protein) plasma alpha-globulin glycoprotein and is modulated by two polymorphic genes.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Orosomucoid · See more »

Osteoclast

An osteoclast is a type of bone cell that breaks down bone tissue.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Osteoclast · See more »

Osteoimmunology

Osteoimmunology (όστέον, osteon from Greek, “bone”; immunitas from Latin, “immunity”; and λόγος, logos, from Greek “study”) is a field that emerged about 40 years ago that studies the interface between the skeletal system and the immune system, comprising the “osteo-immune system”.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Osteoimmunology · See more »

Osteoprotegerin

Osteoprotegerin (OPG), also known as osteoclastogenesis inhibitory factor (OCIF) or tumour necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 11B (TNFRSF11B), is a cytokine receptor of the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) receptor superfamily encoded by the TNFRSF11B gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Osteoprotegerin · See more »

Outline (list)

An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Outline (list) · See more »

OX40 ligand

OX40L is the ligand for CD134 and is expressed on such cells as DC2s (a subtype of dendritic cells) enabling amplification of Th2 cell differentiation.

New!!: Outline of immunology and OX40 ligand · See more »

P-selectin

P-selectin is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SELP gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and P-selectin · See more »

Palaeoimmunology

Palaeoimmunology or paleo-immunology ("paleo".

New!!: Outline of immunology and Palaeoimmunology · See more »

Parasitism

In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Parasitism · See more »

Paratope

A paratope, also called an antigen-binding site, is a part of an antibody which recognizes and binds to an antigen.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Paratope · See more »

Passive immunity

Passive immunity is the transfer of active humoral immunity in the form of ready-made antibodies.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Passive immunity · See more »

Pathogen

In biology, a pathogen (πάθος pathos "suffering, passion" and -γενής -genēs "producer of") or a '''germ''' in the oldest and broadest sense is anything that can produce disease; the term came into use in the 1880s.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Pathogen · See more »

Pathogenic bacteria

Pathogenic bacteria are bacteria that can cause disease.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Pathogenic bacteria · See more »

Pattern recognition receptor

Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) play a crucial role in the proper function of the innate immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Pattern recognition receptor · See more »

Peanut allergy

Peanut allergy is a type of food allergy to peanuts.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Peanut allergy · See more »

Pemphigus vulgaris

Pemphigus vulgaris is a rare chronic blistering skin disease and the most common form of pemphigus.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Pemphigus vulgaris · See more »

Peptidoglycan recognition protein

Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) are a group of highly conserved pattern recognition receptors with at least one peptidoglycan recognition domain capable of recognizing the peptidoglycan wall of bacteria.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Peptidoglycan recognition protein · See more »

Peptidoglycan recognition protein 1

Peptidoglycan recognition protein 1, also known as TAG7, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PGLYRP1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Peptidoglycan recognition protein 1 · See more »

Peptidoglycan recognition protein 2

PGLYRP2 is a gene encoding a protein with N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase activity.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Peptidoglycan recognition protein 2 · See more »

Pericyte

Pericytes are contractile cells that wrap around the endothelial cells that line the capillaries and venules throughout the body.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Pericyte · See more »

Peripheral tolerance

Peripheral tolerance is the second branch of immunological tolerance, after central tolerance.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Peripheral tolerance · See more »

Phagocytosis

In cell biology, phagocytosis is the process by which a cell—often a phagocyte or a protist—engulfs a solid particle to form an internal compartment known as a phagosome.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Phagocytosis · See more »

Physiology

Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Physiology · See more »

Placenta

The placenta is an organ that connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, thermo-regulation, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother's blood supply; to fight against internal infection; and to produce hormones which support pregnancy.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Placenta · See more »

Plasma cell

Plasma cells, also called plasma B cells, plasmocytes, plasmacytes, or effector B cells, are white blood cells that secrete large volumes of antibodies.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Plasma cell · See more »

Plasmacytoid dendritic cell

Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are a rare type of immune cell that are known to secrete large quantities of type 1 interferon (IFNs) in response to a viral infection.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Plasmacytoid dendritic cell · See more »

Platelet

Platelets, also called thrombocytes (from Greek θρόμβος, "clot" and κύτος, "cell"), are a component of blood whose function (along with the coagulation factors) is to react to bleeding from blood vessel injury by clumping, thereby initiating a blood clot.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Platelet · See more »

Platelet factor 4

Platelet factor 4 (PF4) is a small cytokine belonging to the CXC chemokine family that is also known as chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 4 (CXCL4).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Platelet factor 4 · See more »

Poliovirus receptor-related 1

Poliovirus receptor-related 1 (PVRL1), also known as nectin-1 and CD111 (formerly herpesvirus entry mediator C, HVEC) is a human protein of the immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF), also considered a member of the nectins.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Poliovirus receptor-related 1 · See more »

Poliovirus receptor-related 2

Poliovirus receptor-related 2 (PVRL2), also known as nectin-2 and CD112 (formerly herpesvirus entry mediator B, HVEB), is a human plasma membrane glycoprotein.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Poliovirus receptor-related 2 · See more »

Poliovirus receptor-related 3

Poliovirus receptor-related 3 (PVRL3), also known as nectin-3 and CD113, is a human protein of the immunoglobulin superfamily which forms part of adherens junctions.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Poliovirus receptor-related 3 · See more »

Polyclonal antibodies

Polyclonal antibodies (pAbs) are antibodies that are secreted by different B cell lineages within the body (whereas monoclonal antibodies come from a single cell lineage).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Polyclonal antibodies · See more »

Polyclonal B cell response

Polyclonal B cell response is a natural mode of immune response exhibited by the adaptive immune system of mammals.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Polyclonal B cell response · See more »

Polymeric immunoglobulin receptor

Polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) is a transmembrane protein that in humans is encoded by the PIGR gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Polymeric immunoglobulin receptor · See more »

Poste Montagnais Airport

Poste Montagnais Airport, also known as Poste Montagnais - Mile 134 Airport is located at Poste Montagnais, Quebec, Canada.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Poste Montagnais Airport · See more »

Preventive healthcare

Preventive healthcare (alternately preventive medicine, preventative healthcare/medicine, or prophylaxis) consists of measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to disease treatment.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Preventive healthcare · See more »

Primary immunodeficiency

Primary immunodeficiencies are disorders in which part of the body's immune system is missing or does not function normally.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Primary immunodeficiency · See more »

Proerythroblast

A proerythroblast (or rubriblast, or pronormoblast) is the earliest of four stages in development of the normoblast.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Proerythroblast · See more »

Programmed cell death protein 1

Programmed cell death protein 1, also known as PD-1 and CD279 (cluster of differentiation 279), is a protein found on the surface of cells that has a role in regulating the immune system's response to the cells of the human body by down-regulating the immune system and promoting self tolerance by suppressing T cell inflammatory activity.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Programmed cell death protein 1 · See more »

Prolactin receptor

The prolactin receptor (PRLR)—encoded by a gene on chromosome 5p13-14—interacts with prolactin as a transmembrane receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Prolactin receptor · See more »

Prolymphocyte

A prolymphocyte is a white blood cell with a certain state of cellular differentiation in lymphocytopoiesis.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Prolymphocyte · See more »

Promegakaryocyte

A promegakaryocyte is a precursor cell for a megakaryocyte, arising from a megakaryoblast.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Promegakaryocyte · See more »

Promonocyte

A promonocyte (or premonocyte) is a cell arising from a monoblast and developing into a monocyte.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Promonocyte · See more »

Promyelocyte

A promyelocyte (or progranulocyte) is a granulocyte precursor, developing from the myeloblast and developing into the myelocyte.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Promyelocyte · See more »

Properdin

Properdin is the only known positive regulator of complement activation that stabilizes the alternative pathway convertases.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Properdin · See more »

Protein dimer

In biochemistry, a protein dimer is a macromolecular complex formed by two protein monomers, or single proteins, which are usually non-covalently bound.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Protein dimer · See more »

Protein structure

Protein structure is the three-dimensional arrangement of atoms in an amino acid-chain molecule.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Protein structure · See more »

Protozoa

Protozoa (also protozoan, plural protozoans) is an informal term for single-celled eukaryotes, either free-living or parasitic, which feed on organic matter such as other microorganisms or organic tissues and debris.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Protozoa · See more »

Psychoneuroimmunology

Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI), also referred to as psychoendoneuroimmunology (PENI) or psychoneuroendocrinoimmunology (PNEI), is the study of the interaction between psychological processes and the nervous and immune systems of the human body.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Psychoneuroimmunology · See more »

Pyrin domain

A pyrin domain is a protein domain and a subclass of protein motif known as the death fold; it allows a pyrin domain containing protein to interact with other proteins that contain a pyrin domain.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Pyrin domain · See more »

Rabbit hybridoma

A rabbit hybridoma is a hybrid cell line formed by the fusion of an antibody producing rabbit B cell with a cancerous B-cell (myeloma).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Rabbit hybridoma · See more »

RAG1

Recombination activating gene 1 also known as RAG-1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the RAG1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and RAG1 · See more »

RAG2

Recombination activating gene 2 also known as RAG-2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the RAG2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and RAG2 · See more »

RANK

Receptor activator of nuclear factor κ B (RANK), also known as TRANCE receptor or TNFRSF11A, is a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) molecular sub-family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and RANK · See more »

RANKL

Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa- ligand (RANKL), also known as tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 11 (TNFSF11), TNF-related activation-induced cytokine (TRANCE), osteoprotegerin ligand (OPGL), and osteoclast differentiation factor (ODF), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TNFSF11 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and RANKL · See more »

RAR-related orphan receptor gamma

RAR-related orphan receptor gamma (RORγ) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the RORC (RAR-related orphan receptor C) gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and RAR-related orphan receptor gamma · See more »

Reactive arthritis

Reactive arthritis, formerly known as Reiter's syndrome, is a form of inflammatory arthritis that develops in response to an infection in another part of the body (cross-reactivity).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Reactive arthritis · See more »

Recombination signal sequences

Recombination signal sequences are conserved sequences of noncoding DNA that are recognized by the RAG1/RAG2 enzyme complex during V(D)J recombination in immature B cells and T cells.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Recombination signal sequences · See more »

Recombination-activating gene

The recombination-activating genes (RAGs) encode enzymes that play an important role in the rearrangement and recombination of the genes of immunoglobulin and T cell receptor molecules, however there is no evidence to suggest the developing T cells can undergo receptor editing in the same way that B cells do.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Recombination-activating gene · See more »

Red pulp

The red pulp of the spleen is composed of connective tissue known also as the cords of Billroth and many splenic sinuses that are engorged with blood, giving it a red color.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Red pulp · See more »

Regulatory T cell

The regulatory T cells (Tregs), formerly known as suppressor T cells, are a subpopulation of T cells that modulate the immune system, maintain tolerance to self-antigens, and prevent autoimmune disease.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Regulatory T cell · See more »

Reproductive immunology

Reproductive immunology refers to a field of medicine that studies interactions (or the absence of them) between the immune system and components related to the reproductive system, such as maternal immune tolerance towards the fetus, or immunological interactions across the blood-testis barrier.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Reproductive immunology · See more »

Respiratory tract

In humans, the respiratory tract is the part of the anatomy of the respiratory system involved with the process of respiration.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Respiratory tract · See more »

Respiratory tract antimicrobial defense system

The respiratory tract antimicrobial defense system is a layered defense mechanism which relies on components of both the innate and adaptive immune systems to protect the lungs and the rest of the respiratory tract against inhaled microorganisms.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Respiratory tract antimicrobial defense system · See more »

Reticulocyte

Reticulocytes are immature red blood cells, typically composing about 1% of the red blood cells in the human body.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Reticulocyte · See more »

Rheumatic fever

Rheumatic fever (RF) is an inflammatory disease that can involve the heart, joints, skin, and brain.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Rheumatic fever · See more »

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects joints.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Rheumatoid arthritis · See more »

RIG-I

RIG-I (retinoic acid-inducible gene I) is a RIG-I-like receptor dsRNA helicase enzyme that is encoded (in humans) by the DDX58 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and RIG-I · See more »

RIG-I-like receptor

RIG-I-like receptors (retinoic acid-inducible gene-I-like receptors, or RLRs) are a type of intracellular pattern recognition receptor involved in the recognition of viruses by the innate immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and RIG-I-like receptor · See more »

RNA

Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.

New!!: Outline of immunology and RNA · See more »

S1PR1

Sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1P receptor 1 or S1P1), also known as endothelial differentiation gene 1 (EDG1) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the S1PR1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and S1PR1 · See more »

S1PR2

Sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 2 also known as S1PR2 or S1P2 is a human gene which encodes a G protein-coupled receptor which binds the lipid signaling molecule sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P).

New!!: Outline of immunology and S1PR2 · See more »

S1PR3

Sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 3 also known as S1PR3 is a human gene which encodes a G protein-coupled receptor which binds the lipid signaling molecule sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P).

New!!: Outline of immunology and S1PR3 · See more »

S1PR4

Sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 4 also known as S1PR4 is a human gene which encodes a G protein-coupled receptor which binds the lipid signaling molecule sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P).

New!!: Outline of immunology and S1PR4 · See more »

S1PR5

Sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 5 also known as S1PR5 is a human gene which encodes a G protein-coupled receptor which binds the lipid signaling molecule sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P).

New!!: Outline of immunology and S1PR5 · See more »

Saliva

Saliva is a watery substance formed in the mouths of animals, secreted by the salivary glands.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Saliva · See more »

SCARB1

Scavenger receptor class B type 1 (SRB1) also known as SR-BI is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SCARB1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and SCARB1 · See more »

SCARB2

Lysosome membrane protein 2 (LIMP-2) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SCARB2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and SCARB2 · See more »

Scavenger receptor (immunology)

Scavenger receptors are receptors on macrophages and other cells that bind to numerous ligands, such as bacterial cell-wall components, and remove them from the blood.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Scavenger receptor (immunology) · See more »

Selectin

The selectins (cluster of differentiation 62 or CD62) are a family of cell adhesion molecules (or CAMs).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Selectin · See more »

Self-protein

In immunology, self-protein designates proteins normally produced by a particular organism.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Self-protein · See more »

Sepsis

Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body's response to infection causes injury to its own tissues and organs.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Sepsis · See more »

Serum albumin

Serum albumin, often referred to simply as blood albumin, is an albumin (a type of globular protein) found in vertebrate blood.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Serum albumin · See more »

Serum amyloid A

Serum amyloid A (SAA) proteins are a family of apolipoproteins associated with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in plasma.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Serum amyloid A · See more »

Serum amyloid P component

The serum amyloid P component (SAP) is the identical serum form of amyloid P component (AP), a 25kDa pentameric protein first identified as the pentagonal constituent of in vivo pathological deposits called "amyloid".

New!!: Outline of immunology and Serum amyloid P component · See more »

Serum sickness

Serum sickness in humans is a reaction to proteins in antiserum derived from a non-human animal source, occurring 5–10 days after exposure.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Serum sickness · See more »

Sialic acid

Sialic acid is a generic term for the N- or O-substituted derivatives of neuraminic acid, a monosaccharide with a nine-carbon backbone.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Sialic acid · See more »

Sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectin 12

Sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectin 12 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SIGLEC12 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectin 12 · See more »

Sialoadhesin

Sialoadhesin is a cell adhesion molecule found on the surface of macrophages.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Sialoadhesin · See more »

Side effects of penicillin

The side effects of penicillin are bodily responses to penicillin and closely related antibiotics that do not relate directly to its effect on bacteria.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Side effects of penicillin · See more »

SIGLEC

Siglecs (Sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-type lectins) are cell surface proteins that bind sialic acid.

New!!: Outline of immunology and SIGLEC · See more »

SIGLEC10

Sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectin 10 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SIGLEC10 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and SIGLEC10 · See more »

SIGLEC5

Sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectin 5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SIGLEC5 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and SIGLEC5 · See more »

SIGLEC7

Sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectin 7 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SIGLEC7 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and SIGLEC7 · See more »

SIGLEC8

Sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectin 8 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SIGLEC8 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and SIGLEC8 · See more »

SIGLEC9

Sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectin 9 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SIGLEC9 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and SIGLEC9 · See more »

Signaling lymphocytic activation molecule

Signaling lymphocytic activation molecule is a family of genes.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Signaling lymphocytic activation molecule · See more »

Sjögren syndrome

Sjögren syndrome (SjS, SS) is a long-term autoimmune disease in which the moisture-producing glands of the body are affected.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Sjögren syndrome · See more »

Skin

Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Skin · See more »

SLAMF1

Signaling lymphocytic activation molecule 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLAMF1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and SLAMF1 · See more »

SLAMF6

SLAM family member 6 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLAMF6 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and SLAMF6 · See more »

SLAMF7

SLAM family member 7 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLAMF7 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and SLAMF7 · See more »

SLAMF8

SLAM family member 8 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLAMF8 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and SLAMF8 · See more »

Somatic hypermutation

Somatic hypermutation (or SHM) is a cellular mechanism by which the immune system adapts to the new foreign elements that confront it (e.g. microbes), as seen during class switching.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Somatic hypermutation · See more »

Soy allergy

Soy allergy is a type of food allergy.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Soy allergy · See more »

Sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor

The sphingosine-1-phosphate receptors are a class of G protein-coupled receptors that are targets of the lipid signalling molecule Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor · See more »

Spleen

The spleen is an organ found in virtually all vertebrates.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Spleen · See more »

Stromal cell

Stromal cells are connective tissue cells of any organ, for example in the uterine mucosa (endometrium), prostate, bone marrow, lymph node and the ovary.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Stromal cell · See more »

Stromal cell-derived factor 1

The stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF1), also known as C-X-C motif chemokine 12 (CXCL12), is a chemokine protein that in humans is encoded by the CXCL12 gene on chromosome 10.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Stromal cell-derived factor 1 · See more »

Subacute bacterial endocarditis

Subacute bacterial endocarditis (also called endocarditis lenta) is a type of endocarditis (more specifically, infective endocarditis).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Subacute bacterial endocarditis · See more »

Superantigen

Superantigens (SAgs) are a class of antigens that cause non-specific activation of T-cells resulting in polyclonal T cell activation and massive cytokine release.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Superantigen · See more »

Surfactant protein A

Surfactant protein A is an innate immune system collectin.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Surfactant protein A · See more »

Surfactant protein D

Surfactant protein D, also known as SFTPD or SP-D, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the SFTPD gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Surfactant protein D · See more »

Systemic lupus erythematosus

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), also known simply as lupus, is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in many parts of the body.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Systemic lupus erythematosus · See more »

Systems immunology

Systems immunology is a recent research field that, under the larger umbrella of systems biology, aims to study the immune system in the more integrated perspective on how entities and players participate at different system levels to the immune function.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Systems immunology · See more »

T cell

A T cell, or T lymphocyte, is a type of lymphocyte (a subtype of white blood cell) that plays a central role in cell-mediated immunity.

New!!: Outline of immunology and T cell · See more »

T helper 17 cell

T helper 17 cells (Th17) are a subset of pro-inflammatory T helper cells defined by their production of interleukin 17 (IL-17).

New!!: Outline of immunology and T helper 17 cell · See more »

T helper 3 cell

T helper 3 cells (Th3) are white blood cells of the lymphocyte type.

New!!: Outline of immunology and T helper 3 cell · See more »

T helper cell

The T helper cells (Th cells) are a type of T cell that play an important role in the immune system, particularly in the adaptive immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and T helper cell · See more »

T-cell receptor

The T-cell receptor, or TCR, is a molecule found on the surface of T cells, or T lymphocytes, that is responsible for recognizing fragments of antigen as peptides bound to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules.

New!!: Outline of immunology and T-cell receptor · See more »

T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 epsilon chain

CD3e molecule, epsilon also known as CD3E is a polypeptide which in humans is encoded by the CD3E gene which resides on chromosome 11.

New!!: Outline of immunology and T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 epsilon chain · See more »

TBX21

T-box transcription factor TBX21 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TBX21 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TBX21 · See more »

Tears

Tearing, lacrimation, or lachrymation is the secretion of tears, which often serves to clean and lubricate the eyes in response to an irritation of the eyes.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Tears · See more »

Testicle

The testicle or testis is the male reproductive gland in all animals, including humans.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Testicle · See more »

Testicular immunology

Testicular Immunology is the study of the immune system within the testis.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Testicular immunology · See more »

TGF beta receptor

Transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) receptors are single pass serine/threonine kinase receptors.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TGF beta receptor · See more »

TGF beta receptor 1

Transforming growth factor beta receptor I (activin A receptor type II-like kinase, 53kDa) is a membrane-bound receptor protein for the TGF beta superfamily of signaling ligands.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TGF beta receptor 1 · See more »

TGF beta receptor 2

Transforming growth factor, beta receptor II (70/80kDa) is a TGF beta receptor.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TGF beta receptor 2 · See more »

TGF beta signaling pathway

The transforming growth factor beta (TGFB) signaling pathway is involved in many cellular processes in both the adult organism and the developing embryo including cell growth, cell differentiation, apoptosis, cellular homeostasis and other cellular functions.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TGF beta signaling pathway · See more »

TGFBR3

Betaglycan also known as Transforming growth factor beta receptor III (TGFBR3), is a cell-surface chondroitin sulfate / heparan sulfate proteoglycan >300 kDa in molecular weight.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TGFBR3 · See more »

Thrombopoiesis

Thrombopoiesis refers to the process of thrombocyte generation.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Thrombopoiesis · See more »

Thrombopoietin receptor

The thrombopoietin receptor also known as the myeloproliferative leukemia protein or CD110 (Cluster of Differentiation 110) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MPL (myeloproliferative leukemia virus) oncogene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Thrombopoietin receptor · See more »

Thymic stromal lymphopoietin

Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a protein belonging to the cytokine family.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Thymic stromal lymphopoietin · See more »

Thymocyte

Thymocytes are hematopoietic progenitor cells present in the thymus.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Thymocyte · See more »

Thymus

The thymus is a specialized primary lymphoid organ of the immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Thymus · See more »

Timeline of immunology

Timeline of immunology.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Timeline of immunology · See more »

Tingible body macrophage

A tingible body macrophage is a type of macrophage predominantly found in germinal centers, containing many phagocytized, apoptotic cells in various states of degradation, referred to as tingible bodies (tingible meaning stainable).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Tingible body macrophage · See more »

TLR 1

TLR 1 is a member of the toll-like receptor family (TLR) of pattern recognition receptors of the innate immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TLR 1 · See more »

TLR10

Toll-like receptor 10 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TLR10 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TLR10 · See more »

TLR2

Toll-like receptor 2 also known as TLR2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TLR2 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TLR2 · See more »

TLR3

Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) also known as CD283 (cluster of differentiation 283) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TLR3 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TLR3 · See more »

TLR4

Toll-like receptor 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TLR4 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TLR4 · See more »

TLR5

Toll-like receptor 5, also known as TLR5, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the TLR5 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TLR5 · See more »

TLR6

Toll-like receptor 6 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TLR6 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TLR6 · See more »

TLR7

Toll-like receptor 7, also known as TLR7, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TLR7 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TLR7 · See more »

TLR8

Toll-like receptor 8 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TLR8 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TLR8 · See more »

TLR9

Toll-like receptor 9 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TLR9 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TLR9 · See more »

TNF receptor superfamily

The tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily (TNFRSF) is a protein superfamily of cytokine receptors characterized by the ability to bind tumor necrosis factors (TNFs) via an extracellular cysteine-rich domain.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TNF receptor superfamily · See more »

TNFRSF12A

Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 12A also known as the TWEAK receptor (TWEAKR) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TNFRSF12A gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TNFRSF12A · See more »

TNFRSF18

Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 18 (TNFRSF18) also known as activation-inducible TNFR family receptor (AITR) or glucocorticoid-induced TNFR-related protein (GITR) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TNFRSF18 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TNFRSF18 · See more »

TNFRSF19

Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, member 19, also known as TNFRSF19 and TROY is a human gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TNFRSF19 · See more »

TNFSF12

Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 12 also known as TNF-related weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TNFSF12 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TNFSF12 · See more »

TNFSF18

Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 18 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TNFSF18 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TNFSF18 · See more »

Toll-like receptor

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a class of proteins that play a key role in the innate immune system.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Toll-like receptor · See more »

Toll-like receptor 11

Toll-like receptor 11 (TLR11) is a protein that in mice is encoded by the gene TLR11, whereas in humans it is represented by a pseudogene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Toll-like receptor 11 · See more »

Touton giant cell

Touton giant cells are a type of multinucleated giant cell seen in lesions with high lipid content such as fat necrosis, xanthoma, and xanthogranulomas.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Touton giant cell · See more »

TRA (gene)

T-cell receptor alpha locus is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TRA gene, also known as TCRA or TRA@.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TRA (gene) · See more »

TRAIL

In the field of cell biology, TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), is a protein functioning as a ligand that induces the process of cell death called apoptosis.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TRAIL · See more »

Transferrin

Transferrins are iron-binding blood plasma glycoproteins that control the level of free iron (Fe) in biological fluids.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Transferrin · See more »

Transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease

Transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease (TA-GvHD) is a rare complication of blood transfusion, in which the donor T lymphocytes mount an immune response against the recipient's lymphoid tissue.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease · See more »

Transmembrane activator and CAML interactor

Transmembrane activator and CAML interactor (TACI), also known as tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 13B (TNFRSF13B) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TNFRSF13B gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Transmembrane activator and CAML interactor · See more »

Transplant rejection

Transplant rejection occurs when transplanted tissue is rejected by the recipient's immune system, which destroys the transplanted tissue.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Transplant rejection · See more »

TRD (gene)

T cell receptor delta locus (symbol TRD), also known as TCRD or TRD@, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TRD gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TRD (gene) · See more »

Tree nut allergy

A tree nut allergy is a hypersensitivity to dietary substances from tree nuts and edible tree seeds causing an overreaction of the immune system which may lead to severe physical symptoms.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Tree nut allergy · See more »

TRG (gene)

T cell receptor gamma locus is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TRG gene, also known as TCRG or TRG@.

New!!: Outline of immunology and TRG (gene) · See more »

Tumor antigen

Tumor antigen is an antigenic substance produced in tumor cells, i.e., it triggers an immune response in the host.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Tumor antigen · See more »

Tumor necrosis factor alpha

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF, tumor necrosis factor alpha, TNFα, cachexin, or cachectin) is a cell signaling protein (cytokine) involved in systemic inflammation and is one of the cytokines that make up the acute phase reaction.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Tumor necrosis factor alpha · See more »

Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1

Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1), also known as tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 1A (TNFRSF1A) and CD120a, is a ubiquitous membrane receptor that binds tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 · See more »

Tumor necrosis factor receptor 2

Tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 (TNFR2), also known as tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 1B (TNFRSF1B) and CD120b, is a membrane receptor that binds tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα).

New!!: Outline of immunology and Tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 · See more »

Tumor necrosis factor superfamily

The tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily is a protein superfamily of type II transmembrane proteins containing TNF homology domain and forming trimers.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Tumor necrosis factor superfamily · See more »

Type I cytokine receptor

Type I cytokine receptors are transmembrane receptors expressed on the surface of cells that recognize and respond to cytokines with four α-helical strands.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Type I cytokine receptor · See more »

Type I hypersensitivity

Type I hypersensitivity (or immediate hypersensitivity) is an allergic reaction provoked by reexposure to a specific type of antigen referred to as an allergen.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Type I hypersensitivity · See more »

Type II cytokine receptor

Type II cytokine receptors are transmembrane proteins that are expressed on the surface of certain cells, which bind and respond to a select group of cytokines.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Type II cytokine receptor · See more »

Type II hypersensitivity

In type II hypersensitivity (also tissue-specific, or cytotoxic hypersensitivity) the antibodies produced by the immune response bind to antigens on the patient's own cell surfaces.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Type II hypersensitivity · See more »

Type III hypersensitivity

Type III hypersensitivity occurs when there is accumulation of immune complexes (antigen-antibody complexes) that have not been adequately cleared by innate immune cells, giving rise to an inflammatory response and attraction of leukocytes.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Type III hypersensitivity · See more »

Type IV hypersensitivity

Type 4 hypersensitivity is often called delayed type hypersensitivity as the reaction takes several days to develop.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Type IV hypersensitivity · See more »

V(D)J recombination

V(D)J recombination is the unique mechanism of genetic recombination that occurs only in developing lymphocytes during the early stages of T and B cell maturation.

New!!: Outline of immunology and V(D)J recombination · See more »

Vaccination

Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material (a vaccine) to stimulate an individual's immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Vaccination · See more »

Vaccine

A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Vaccine · See more »

Vaccine-naive

Vaccine-naïve is a lack of immunity, or immunologic memory, to a disease because the person has not been vaccinated.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Vaccine-naive · See more »

Vascular endothelial growth inhibitor

Vascular endothelial growth inhibitor (VEGI), also known as TNF-like ligand 1A (TL1A) and TNF superfamily member 15 (TNFSF15), is protein that in humans is encoded by the TNFSF15 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Vascular endothelial growth inhibitor · See more »

VCAM-1

Vascular cell adhesion protein 1 also known as vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) or cluster of differentiation 106 (CD106) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the VCAM1 gene.

New!!: Outline of immunology and VCAM-1 · See more »

Virus

A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Virus · See more »

Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia

Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, of which pernicious anemia is a type, is a disease in which not enough red blood cells are produced due to a deficiency of vitamin B12.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia · See more »

Vitronectin

Vitronectin (VTN or VN) is a glycoprotein of the hemopexin family which is abundantly found in serum, the extracellular matrix and bone.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Vitronectin · See more »

VLA-4

Integrin α4β1 (Very Late Antigen-4) is an integrin dimer.

New!!: Outline of immunology and VLA-4 · See more »

Wheat allergy

Wheat allergy is an allergy to wheat which typically presents itself as a food allergy, but can also be a contact allergy resulting from occupational exposure.

New!!: Outline of immunology and Wheat allergy · See more »

White blood cell

White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders.

New!!: Outline of immunology and White blood cell · See more »

White pulp

White pulp is a histological designation for regions of the spleen (named because it appears whiter than the surrounding red pulp on gross section), that encompasses approximately 25% of splenic tissue.

New!!: Outline of immunology and White pulp · See more »

XCL1

Chemokine (C motif) ligand (XCL1) is a small cytokine belonging to the C chemokine family that is also known as lymphotactin.

New!!: Outline of immunology and XCL1 · See more »

XCL2

Chemokine (C motif) ligand 2 (XCL2) is a small cytokine belonging to the XC chemokine family that is highly related to another chemokine called XCL1.

New!!: Outline of immunology and XCL2 · See more »

XCR1

The "C" sub-family of chemokine receptors contains only one member: XCR1, the receptor for XCL1 and XCL2 (or lymphotactin-1 and -2).

New!!: Outline of immunology and XCR1 · See more »

4-1BB ligand

4-1BB is a type 2 transmembrane glycoprotein receptor belonging to the TNF superfamily, expressed on activated T Lymphocytes.

New!!: Outline of immunology and 4-1BB ligand · See more »

Redirects here:

List of basic immunology topics, List of immunology topics, Topic outline of immunology, Topical outline of immunology.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline_of_immunology

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »