130 relations: August Vollmer, Bait car, Ballistic shield, Baton (law enforcement), Baton charge, Body cavity search, Buford Pusser, Bulletproof vest, Code enforcement, Coming into force, Computer and network surveillance, Computer forensics, Constable, Court, Crime, Crime analysis, Crime displacement, Crime mapping, Criminal intelligence, Criminal investigation, Criminal law, Criminology, Crowd control, Deadly force, Defendo, Detective, Dignitary Protection, Dil Bahadur Lama, Door breaching, Double tap, Dragnet (policing), Evidence (law), Facial composite, FBI method of profiling, Fingerprint, Firearm, Forcible entry, Forensic science, Garda Síochána, Guilt (law), Handgun, History of criminal justice, Hunting strategy, Immediate Action Rapid Deployment, Indictment, Inspector, Interrogation, J. Edgar Hoover, Julian Fantino, Khadgajeet Baral, ..., Law, Law and order (politics), Law enforcement, Law enforcement agency, Law enforcement agency powers, Law enforcement and society, Law enforcement by country, Law enforcement jargon, Law enforcement officer, Law enforcement organisation, Lawful interception, List of countries and dependencies by number of police officers, List of intelligence agencies, List of law enforcement agencies, List of protective service agencies, Mail cover, Manhunt (law enforcement), Military police, Mozambique Drill, Mug shot, Offender profiling, Outline (list), Outline of criminal justice, Outline of forensic science, Outline of law, Pahal Singh Lama, Pain compliance, Park ranger, Penology, Police, Police academy, Police accountability, Police box, Police brutality, Police corruption, Police diving, Police dog, Police duty belt, Police lineup, Police officer, Police psychology, Police radio, Police raid, Police training officer, Police transport, Police uniforms and equipment in the United Kingdom, Prison, Private police, Public security, Random checkpoint, Riot control, Riot gun, Riot shield, Robert Peel, Rough ride (police brutality), Search and seizure, Search of persons, Secret police, Sheriff, Social norm, Special agent, Specialist law enforcement agency, Speed limit enforcement, State police, Sting operation, Strip search, Surveillance, Suspect, Taser, Telephone tapping, The Thin Blue Line (disambiguation), Traffic break, Traffic collision reconstruction, Trooper (police rank), Tueller Drill, Unenforced law, Uniform, Victimology, Vigilante, Warrant (law). Expand index (80 more) » « Shrink index
August "Gus" Vollmer (March 7, 1876 – November 4, 1955) was the first police chief of Berkeley, California and a leading figure in the development of the field of criminal justice in the United States in the early 20th century.
A bait car, also called a decoy car, hot car or trap car, is a vehicle used by law enforcement agencies to capture car thieves or thieves who steal items from cars.
Ballistic shields are protection devices deployed by police and military forces that are designed to stop or deflect bullets fired at their carrier.
A baton or truncheon is a roughly cylindrical club made of wood, rubber, plastic or metal.
A baton charge is a coordinated tactic for dispersing crowds of people, usually used by police or military during public order situations.
A body cavity search, also known simply as a cavity search, is either a visual search or a manual internal inspection of body cavities for prohibited materials (contraband), such as illegal drugs, money, jewelrey, or weapons.
Buford Hayse Pusser (December 12, 1937 – August 21, 1974) was the Sheriff of McNairy County, Tennessee, from 1964 to 1970.
A ballistic vest or bullet-resistant vest, often called a bulletproof vest, is an item of personal armor that helps absorb the impact and reduce or stop penetration to the body from firearm-fired projectiles- and shrapnel from explosions, and is worn on the torso.
Code enforcement, sometimes encompassing law enforcement, is the act of enforcing a set of rules, principles, or laws (especially written ones) and ensuring observance of a system of norms or customs.
Coming into force or entry into force (also called commencement) refers to the process by which legislation, regulations, treaties and other legal instruments come to have legal force and effect.
Computer and network surveillance is the monitoring of computer activity and data stored on a hard drive, or data being transferred over computer networks such as the Internet.
Computer forensics (also known as computer forensic science) is a branch of digital forensic science pertaining to evidence found in computers and digital storage media.
A constable is a person holding a particular office, most commonly in criminal law enforcement.
A court is a tribunal, often as a government institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law.
In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority.
Crime analysis is a law enforcement function that involves systematic analysis for identifying and analyzing patterns and trends in crime and disorder.
Crime displacement is the relocation of crime (or criminals) as a result of police crime-prevention efforts.
Crime mapping is used by analysts in law enforcement agencies to map, visualize, and analyze crime incident patterns.
Criminal Intelligence is information compiled, analyzed, and/or disseminated in an effort to anticipate, prevent, or monitor criminal activity.
Criminal investigation is an applied science that involves the study of facts, used to identify, locate and prove the guilt of an accused criminal.
Criminal law is the body of law that relates to crime.
Criminology (from Latin crīmen, "accusation" originally derived from the Ancient Greek verb "krino" "κρίνω", and Ancient Greek -λογία, -logy|-logia, from "logos" meaning: “word,” “reason,” or “plan”) is the scientific study of the nature, extent, management, causes, control, consequences, and prevention of criminal behavior, both on the individual and social levels.
Crowd control is a public security practice where large crowds are managed to prevent the outbreak of crowd crushes, affray, fights involving drunk and disorderly people or riots.
Deadly force, also known as lethal force, is use of force that is likely to cause serious bodily injury or death to another person.
Defendo is a Canadian martial art and a self defence system created in 1945 for law enforcement structures by Bill Underwood.
A detective is an investigator, usually a member of a law enforcement agency.
Dignitary Protection services are most often provided by either the United States Secret Service or the US Department of State’s Diplomatic Security Service.
Dil Bahadur Lama (21 March 1930 – 25 March 2014), popularly known as DB Lama was a leader of Nepali Congress (Democratic) and former Inspector General of Nepal Police.
Door breaching is a process used by military, police, or emergency services to force open closed and/or locked doors.
A double tap is a shooting technique where two shots are fired in rapid succession at the same target with the same sight picture (different from the controlled pair, where a second sight picture is acquired for the second shot).
A dragnet is any system of coordinated measures for apprehending criminals or suspects; including road barricades and traffic stops, widespread DNA tests, and general increased police alertness.
The law of evidence, also known as the rules of evidence, encompasses the rules and legal principles that govern the proof of facts in a legal proceeding.
A facial composite is a graphical representation of an eyewitness's memory of a face, as recorded by a composite artist.
The FBI method of profiling is a system created by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) used to detect and classify the major personality and behavioral characteristics of an individual based upon analysis of the crime or crimes the person committed.
A fingerprint in its narrow sense is an impression left by the friction ridges of a human finger.
A firearm is a portable gun (a barreled ranged weapon) that inflicts damage on targets by launching one or more projectiles driven by rapidly expanding high-pressure gas produced by exothermic combustion (deflagration) of propellant within an ammunition cartridge.
Forcible entry is defined by Merriam-webster's Dictionary of Law as the unlawful taking of possession of real property by force or threats of force or unlawful entry into or onto another's property, especially when accompanied by force.
Forensic science is the application of science to criminal and civil laws, mainly—on the criminal side—during criminal investigation, as governed by the legal standards of admissible evidence and criminal procedure.
An Garda Síochána (meaning "the Guardian of the Peace"), more commonly referred to as the Gardaí ("Guardians") or "the Guards", is the police force of the Republic of Ireland.
In criminal law, guilt is the state of being responsible for the commission of an offense.
A handgun is a short-barreled firearm designed to be fired with only one hand.
Throughout the history of criminal justice, evolving forms of punishment, added rights for offenders and victims, and policing reforms have reflected changing customs, political ideals, and economic conditions.
A hunting strategy, or hunting method, is for locating, targeting, and killing a targeted animal.
Immediate Action Rapid Deployment (IARD) is a police tactic where first responders, typically regular officers, actively confront a developing high-risk crisis.
An indictment is a formal accusation that a person has committed a crime.
Inspector is both a police rank and an administrative position, both used in a number of contexts.
Interrogation (also called questioning) is interviewing as commonly employed by law enforcement officers, military personnel, and intelligence agencies with the goal of eliciting useful information.
John Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was an American law enforcement administrator and the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States.
Julian Fantino, (Giuliano Fantino; born August 13, 1942) is a Canadian retired police official and former politician.
Khadgajeet Baral (खड्गजीत बराल) OGDB, OTSP (born April 17, 1928) is a Nepalese politician and social worker.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.
In politics, law and order (also known as tough on crime and the War on Crime) refers to demands for a strict criminal justice system, especially in relation to violent and property crime, through stricter criminal penalties.
Law enforcement is any system by which some members of society act in an organized manner to enforce the law by discovering, deterring, rehabilitating, or punishing people who violate the rules and norms governing that society.
A law enforcement agency (LEA), in North American English, is a government agency responsible for the enforcement of the laws.
A law enforcement agency (LEA) has powers, which other government subjects do not, to enable the LEA to undertake its responsibilities.
The first modern police force, commonly said to be the London Metropolitan Police, established in 1829, promoted the preventive role of police as a deterrent to urban crime and disorder.
In many countries, particularly those with a federal system of government, there may be several law enforcement agencies, police or police-like organizations, each serving different levels of government and enforcing different subsets of the applicable law.
Law Enforcement Jargon refers to a large body of acronyms, abbreviations, codes and slang used by law enforcement personnel to provide quick concise descriptions of people, places, property and situations, in both spoken and written communication.
A law enforcement officer (LEO) or peace officer, in North American English, is a public-sector employee whose duties primarily involve the enforcement of laws.
A law enforcement organization (LEO) is an organization of parties, either individuals or other organisations or both, associated with law enforcement, typically with some common interest.
Lawful interception (LI) refers to the facilities in telecommunications and telephone networks that allow law enforcement agencies with court order or other legal authorization to selectively wiretap individual subscribers.
The following list compares the size of national police forces and police per head.
This is a list of intelligence agencies.
A law enforcement agency (LEA) is any agency which enforces the law.
This is a list of government Security police and Bodyguard organizations.
Mail cover is a law enforcement investigative technique in which the United States Postal Service, acting at the request of a law enforcement agency, records information from the outside of letters and parcels before they are delivered and then sends the information to the agency that requested it.
In law enforcement, a manhunt is an extensive and thorough search for a wanted and dangerous fugitive involving the use of police units, technology, and help from the public.
Military police (MP) are law enforcement agencies connected with, or part of, the military of a state.
The Mozambique Drill,See section on Mozambique.
A mug shot or mugshot (an informal term for police photograph or booking photograph) is a photographic portrait of a person from the waist up, typically taken after a person is arrested.
Offender profiling, also known as criminal profiling, is an investigative tool used by law enforcement agencies to identify likely suspects and has been used by investigators to link cases that may have been committed by the same perpetrator.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to criminal justice: Criminal justice – system of practices and institutions of governments directed at upholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime, or sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation efforts.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to forensic science: Forensic science – application of a broad spectrum of sciences to answer questions of interest to a legal system.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to law: Law – is the set of rules and principles (laws) by which a society is governed, through enforcement by governmental authorities.
Pahal Singh Lama (Nepali: पहल सिंह लामा) was the chief of Nepal Police in the mid 1960s.
Pain compliance is the use of painful stimulus to control or direct a person or animal.
A park ranger, park warden, or forest ranger is a person entrusted with protecting and preserving parklands – national, state, provincial, or local parks.
Penology (from "penal", Latin poena, "punishment" and the Greek suffix -logia, "study of") is a section of criminology that deals with the philosophy and practice of various societies in their attempts to repress criminal activities, and satisfy public opinion via an appropriate treatment regime for persons convicted of criminal offences.
A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.
A police academy is a training school for new police recruits, also known as a law enforcement academy.
Police accountability involves holding both individual police officers, as well as law enforcement agencies responsible for effectively delivering basic services of crime control and maintaining order, while treating individuals fairly and within the bounds of law.
The Police box is a public telephone kiosk or callbox for the use of members of the police, or for members of the public to contact the police.
Police brutality is one of several forms of police misconduct which involves undue violence by police members.
Police corruption is a form of police misconduct in which law enforcement officers end up breaking their political contract and abuse their power for personal gain.
Police diving is a branch of professional diving carried out by police services.
A police dog, known in some English-speaking countries as a "K-9" or "K9" (a homophone of "canine"), is a dog that is specifically trained to assist police and other law-enforcement personnel.
A police duty belt (sometimes referred to as a gun belt, "duty rig" and/or kit belt) is a belt, typically constructed of nylon or leather used by police and security officers to carry equipment easily, in a readily-accessible manner, while leaving the hands free to interact.
A police lineup (in American English) or identity parade (in British English) is a process by which a crime victim or witness's putative identification of a suspect is confirmed to a level that can count as evidence at trial.
A police officer, also known as an officer, policeman, policewoman, cop, police agent, or a police employee is a warranted law employee of a police force.
Police psychology, also referred to as "police and public safety psychology," was formally recognized in 2013 by the American Psychological Association as a specialty in professional psychology.
Police radio is a communications radio system used by law enforcement agencies all over the world.
A police raid is a visit by police or other law enforcement officers often in the early morning or late at night, with the aim of using the element of surprise to arrest suspects believed to be likely to hide evidence, resist arrest, be politically sensitive, or simply be elsewhere during the day.
The Police Training Officer program (PTO) is a post-academy training program created from the educational approach known as problem-based learning.
Transportation for police forces is provided by a number of ground vehicles, aircraft and watercraft.
Police uniforms and equipment in the United Kingdom have varied considerably from the inception of what was to become the earliest recognisable mainstream police force in the country with the Glasgow Police Act 1800 forming the City of Glasgow Police and then the Metropolitan Police Act of 1829, allowing the formation of the Metropolitan Police.
A prison, also known as a correctional facility, jail, gaol (dated, British English), penitentiary (American English), detention center (American English), or remand center is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state.
Private police are law enforcement bodies that are owned and/or controlled by non-governmental entities.
Public security is the function of governments which ensures the protection of citizens, persons in their territory, organizations, and institutions against threats to their well-being – and to the prosperity of their communities.
A random checkpoint is a military and police tactic.
Riot control refers to the measures used by police, military, or other security forces to control, disperse, and arrest people who are involved in a riot, demonstration, or protest.
In current usage a riot gun or less-lethal launcher is a type of firearm that is used to fire "non-lethal" or "less-lethal" ammunition for the purpose of suppressing riots.
A riot shield is a lightweight protection device deployed by police and some military organizations.
Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet, (5 February 17882 July 1850) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served twice as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1834–35 and 1841–46) and twice as Home Secretary (1822–27 and 1828–30).
A rough ride is a form of police brutality in which a handcuffed prisoner is placed in a police van without a seatbelt, and is thrown violently about by driving the vehicle erratically.
Search and Seizure is a procedure used in many civil law and common law legal systems by which police or other authorities and their agents, who, suspecting that a crime has been committed, commence a search of a person's property and confiscate any relevant evidence found in connection to the crime.
Police officers in various jurisdictions have power to search members of the public, for example, for weapons, drugs and stolen property.
The term secret police (or political police)Ilan Berman & J. Michael Waller, "Introduction: The Centrality of the Secret Police" in Dismantling Tyranny: Transitioning Beyond Totalitarian Regimes (Rowman & Littlefield, 2006), p. xv.
A sheriff is a government official, with varying duties, existing in some countries with historical ties to England, where the office originated.
From a sociological perspective, social norms are informal understandings that govern the behavior of members of a society.
A Special Agent, in the United States, is usually a criminal investigator or detective for a federal, state, or county government who primarily serves in investigatory roles.
A specialist law enforcement agency is a law enforcement agency which specialises in the types of laws it enforces, or types of activities it undertakes, or geography it enforces laws in, or these in combination.
Speed limit enforcement is the effort made by appropriately empowered authorities to improve driver compliance with speed limits.
State police or provincial police are a type of sub-national territorial police force, found particularly in North America, South Asia, and Oceania.
In law enforcement, a sting operation is a deceptive operation designed to catch a person committing a crime.
A strip search is a practice of searching a person for weapons or other contraband suspected of being hidden on their body or inside their clothing, and not found by performing a frisk search, by requiring the person to remove some or all of his or her clothing.
Surveillance is the monitoring of behavior, activities, or other changing information for the purpose of influencing, managing, directing, or protecting people.
In law enforcement jargon, a suspect is a known person accused or suspected of committing a crime.
A Taser is a brand of electroshock weapon sold by Axon.
Telephone tapping (also wire tapping or wiretapping in American English) is the monitoring of telephone and Internet conversations by a third party, often by covert means.
The Thin Blue Line, a colloquial term for police forces, may refer to.
A traffic break is any separation in the flow of traffic—naturally occurring or otherwise—along a road or highway.
Vehicular accident reconstruction is the scientific process of investigating, analyzing, and drawing conclusions about the causes and events during a vehicle collision.
Trooper is a rank used by several civilian state law enforcement organizations in the United States.
The Tueller Drill is a self-defense training exercise to prepare against a short-range knife attack when armed only with a holstered handgun.
An unenforced law (also symbolic law) is a crime which is illegal, but is usually not penalized by a jurisdiction.
A uniform is a type of clothing worn by members of an organization while participating in that organization's activity.
Victimology is the study of victimization, including the psychological effects on victims, relationships between victims and offenders, the interactions between victims and the criminal justice system—that is, the police and courts, and corrections officials—and the connections between victims and other social groups and institutions, such as the media, businesses, and social movements.
A vigilante is a civilian or organization acting in a law enforcement capacity (or in the pursuit of self-perceived justice) without legal authority.
A warrant is generally an order that serves as a specific type of authorization, that is, a writ issued by a competent officer, usually a judge or magistrate, which permits an otherwise illegal act that would violate individual rights and affords the person executing the writ protection from damages if the act is performed.