270 relations: Academic journal, Academic library, Accession number (library science), Almanac, American Association of School Librarians, American Library Association, Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, Archival science, Archive, Archivist, Association for Library Service to Children, Association of Research Libraries, Atlas, Audiobook, Australian Library and Information Association, Authority control, Bibliographic database, Bibliography, Bibliometrics, Biodiversity informatics, Bioinformatics, Bliss bibliographic classification, Book, Book series, Bookmark, Bookmobile, Boolean expression, Bradford's law, Braille, Business informatics, Canadian Library Association, Carnegie library, Cataloging, Categorization, CD-ROM, Censorship, Cheminformatics, Children's Internet Protection Act, Children's literature, Citation, Classified information, Codex, Collaborative software, Collation, Collection development, Colon classification, Colophon (publishing), Comic book, Community informatics, Compact Cassette, ..., Compact disc, Computer data storage, Computer science, Conservation science (cultural heritage), Conservation-restoration of cultural heritage, Controlled vocabulary, Copyright, Cross-language information retrieval, Cultural studies, Curator, Daniel J. Boorstin, Data management, Data mining, Data modeling, Data storage, Database, Deep web, Dewey Decimal Classification, Dictionary, Digital divide, Digital library, Digital Millennium Copyright Act, Digital preservation, Digital reference, Digitization, Document classification, Document management system, DVD, E-book, Ecoinformatics, Education for librarianship, Educational psychology, Electronic resource management, Encyclopedia, Eric Moon, Expert system, Federated search, Film preservation, Film stock, Five laws of library science, Freedom of Information Act, Freedom of information laws by country, Full-text search, Fuzzy logic, Gazetteer, Genealogy, Geographic information system, Geoinformatics, Glossary of library and information science, Government Information Office, Executive Yuan, Graphic novel, Grey literature, Health informatics, Historic preservation, History of public library advocacy, Howard D. White, Human–computer interaction, Impact factor, Index (publishing), Index term, Informatics, Information, Information access, Information and communications technology, Information architecture, Information broker, Information ethics, Information explosion, Information extraction, Information literacy, Information retrieval, Information seeking, Information society, Information system, Integrated library system, Intellectual freedom, Intellectual property, Interlibrary loan, International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, International Standard Bibliographic Description, International Standard Book Number, International Standard Serial Number, Jesse Shera, John Cotton Dana, Knowledge engineering, Knowledge management, Laboratory informatics, LaserDisc, Lee Pierce Butler, Legal deposit, Legal research, Lexicon, Librarian, Librarians in popular culture, Library, Library acquisitions, Library anxiety, Library Bill of Rights, Library binding, Library catalog, Library circulation, Library classification, Library instruction, Library management, Library of Congress, Library of Congress Classification, Library portal, Library science, Library technical services, List of almanacs, List of information schools, List of librarians, List of libraries, List of libraries in the ancient world, List of library science schools, List of national and state libraries, Lists of books, Lists of encyclopedias, Lists of newspapers, Literacy, Literature, Magazine, Magnetic tape, Management, Manuscript, Map, MARC standards, Mass deacidification, Melvil Dewey, Memory, Metadata, Michael Gorman (librarian), Microform, Microprinting, Motion picture content rating system, National library, Neuroinformatics, New York Times Co. v. Tasini, Newspaper, NUCMC, OCLC, Online public access catalog, Open access, Open-source model, OpenURL, Outline (list), Pamphlet, Patriot Act, Paul Evan Peters, Peer review, Phonograph cylinder, Phonograph record, Photograph, Precision and recall, Preservation (library and archival science), Preservationist, Privacy, Prospect research, Public Lending Right, Public library, Public library advocacy, Public Library Association, Question answering, Radio-frequency identification, Readers' advisory, Records management, Reference, Reference desk, Reference interview, Reference management software, Reference work, REFORMA, Remote desktop software, Research, Research library, Resource Description and Access, S. R. Ranganathan, Sanford Berman, School library, Scientific classification (disambiguation), Scientometrics, Scroll, Search engine indexing, Semantic Web, Serial (literature), Serial (publishing), Serials crisis, Seymour Lubetzky, Sheet music, Slide library, Slow fire, Social informatics, Social science, Special Libraries Association, Special library, Statistical classification, Statistics, Subject (documents), Taxonomy (biology), Teacher-librarian, Technological determinism, Telephone directory, Tf–idf, Thesaurus, Universal Decimal Classification, Usability engineering, Usenet newsgroup, User-centered design, Videotape, Visualization (graphics), Web mining, Web search engine, Webometrics, Website, William Warner Bishop, Wire recording, World Wide Web, WorldCat, XML, Young adult fiction. Expand index (220 more) » « Shrink index
An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published.
An academic library is a library that is attached to a higher education institution which serves two complementary purposes to support the school's curriculum, and to support the research of the university faculty and students.
In libraries, art galleries, museums and archives, an accession number is a unique identifier assigned to, and achieving initial control of, each acquisition.
An almanac (also spelled almanack and almanach) is an annual publication listing a set of events forthcoming in the next year.
The American Association of School Librarians (AASL) is a division of the American Library Association (ALA) that has more than 7,000 members and serves primary school and secondary school librarians in the U.S., Canada, and even internationally.
The American Library Association (ALA) is a nonprofit organization based in the United States that promotes libraries and library education internationally.
Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR) were an international library cataloging standard.
Archival science, or archival studies, is the study and theory of building and curating archives, which are collections of recordings and data storage devices.
An archive is an accumulation of historical records or the physical place they are located.
An archivist (AR-kiv-ist) is an information professional who assesses, collects, organizes, preserves, maintains control over, and provides access to records and archives determined to have long-term value.
The Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC) is a division of the American Library Association, and it is the world's largest organization dedicated to library service to children.
The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) is a nonprofit organization of 125 research libraries at comprehensive, research institutions in the United States and Canada that share similar missions, aspirations, and achievements.
An atlas is a collection of maps; it is typically a bundle of maps of Earth or a region of Earth.
An audiobook (or talking book) is a recording of a text being read.
The Australian Library and Information Association (ALIA) is the peak professional organisation for the Australian library and information services sector.
In library science, authority control is a process that organizes bibliographic information, for example in library catalogs...
A bibliographic database is a database of bibliographic records, an organized digital collection of references to published literature, including journal and newspaper articles, conference proceedings, reports, government and legal publications, patents, books, etc.
Bibliography (from Greek βιβλίον biblion, "book" and -γραφία -graphia, "writing"), as a discipline, is traditionally the academic study of books as physical, cultural objects; in this sense, it is also known as bibliology (from Greek -λογία, -logia).
Bibliometrics is statistical analysis of written publications, such as books or articles.
Biodiversity Informatics is the application of informatics techniques to biodiversity information for improved management, presentation, discovery, exploration and analysis.
Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data.
The Bliss bibliographic classification (BC) is a library classification system that was created by Henry E. Bliss (1870–1955) and published in four volumes between 1940 and 1953.
A book is a series of pages assembled for easy portability and reading, as well as the composition contained in it.
A book series is a sequence of books having certain characteristics in common that are formally identified together as a group.
A bookmark is a thin marker, commonly made of card, leather, or fabric, used to keep the reader's place in a book and to enable the reader to return to it with ease.
A bookmobile or mobile library is a vehicle designed for use as a library.
In computer science, a Boolean expression is an expression in a programming language that produces a Boolean value when evaluated, i.e. one of true or false.
Bradford's law is a pattern first described by Samuel C. Bradford in 1934 that estimates the exponentially diminishing returns of searching for references in science journals.
Braille is a tactile writing system used by people who are visually impaired.
Business informatics (BI) or organizational informatics is a discipline combining information technology (IT), informatics and management concepts.
The Canadian Library Association (CLA) was a national, predominantly English-language association which represented 57,000 library workers across Canada.
A Carnegie library is a library built with money donated by Scottish businessman and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie.
In library and information science, cataloging (or cataloguing) is the process of creating metadata representing information resources, such as books, sound recordings, moving images, etc.
Categorization is the process in which ideas and objects are recognized, differentiated, and understood.
A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data.
Censorship is the suppression of speech, public communication, or other information, on the basis that such material is considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or "inconvenient" as determined by government authorities.
Cheminformatics (also known as chemoinformatics, chemioinformatics and chemical informatics) is the use of computer and informational techniques applied to a range of problems in the field of chemistry.
The Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA) requires that K–12 schools and libraries in the United States use Internet filters and implement other measures to protect children from harmful online content as a condition for federal funding.
Children's literature or juvenile literature includes stories, books, magazines, and poems that are enjoyed by children.
A citation is a reference to a published or unpublished source (not always the original source).
Classified information is material that a government body deems to be sensitive information that must be protected.
A codex (from the Latin caudex for "trunk of a tree" or block of wood, book), plural codices, is a book constructed of a number of sheets of paper, vellum, papyrus, or similar materials.
Collaborative software or groupware is application software designed to help people involved in a common task to achieve their goals.
Collation is the assembly of written information into a standard order.
Library collection development is the process of meeting the information needs of the people (a service population) in a timely and economical manner using information resources locally held, as well as from other organizations.
Colon classification (CC) is a system of library classification developed by S. R. Ranganathan.
In publishing, a colophon is a brief statement containing information about the publication of a book such as the place of publication, the publisher, and the date of publication.
A comic book or comicbook, also called comic magazine or simply comic, is a publication that consists of comic art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes.
Community informatics (CI) is an interdisciplinary field that is concerned with using information and communication technology (ICT) to empower members of communities and support their social, cultural, and economic development.
The Compact Audio Cassette (CAC) or Musicassette (MC), also commonly called the cassette tape or simply tape or cassette, is an analog magnetic tape recording format for audio recording and playback.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
Computer data storage, often called storage or memory, is a technology consisting of computer components and recording media that are used to retain digital data.
Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.
With respect to cultural heritage, conservation science is the interdisciplinary study of conservation of art, architecture, technical art history and other cultural works through the use of scientific inquiry.
The conservation-restoration of cultural heritage focuses on protection and care of tangible cultural heritage, including artworks, architecture, archaeology, and museum collections.
Controlled vocabularies provide a way to organize knowledge for subsequent retrieval.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
Cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) is a subfield of information retrieval dealing with retrieving information written in a language different from the language of the user's query.
Cultural studies is a field of theoretically, politically, and empirically engaged cultural analysis that concentrates upon the political dynamics of contemporary culture, its historical foundations, defining traits, conflicts, and contingencies.
A curator (from cura, meaning "to take care") is a manager or overseer.
Daniel Joseph Boorstin (October 1, 1914 – February 28, 2004) was an American historian at the University of Chicago who wrote on many topics in American and world history.
Data management comprises all disciplines related to managing data as a valuable resource.
Data mining is the process of discovering patterns in large data sets involving methods at the intersection of machine learning, statistics, and database systems.
Data modeling in software engineering is the process of creating a data model for an information system by applying certain formal techniques.
Data storage is the recording (storing) of information (data) in a storage medium.
A database is an organized collection of data, stored and accessed electronically.
The deep web, invisible web, or hidden web are parts of the World Wide Web whose contents are not indexed by standard web search engines for any reason.
The Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC), or Dewey Decimal System, is a proprietary library classification system first published in the United States by Melvil Dewey in 1876.
A dictionary, sometimes known as a wordbook, is a collection of words in one or more specific languages, often arranged alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), which may include information on definitions, usage, etymologies, pronunciations, translation, etc.
A digital divide is an economic and social inequality with regard to access to, use of, or impact of information and communication technologies (ICT).
A digital library, digital repository, or digital collection, is an online database of digital objects that can include text, still images, audio, video, or other digital media formats.
The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a United States copyright law that implements two 1996 treaties of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
In library and archival science, digital preservation is a formal endeavor to ensure that digital information of continuing value remains accessible and usable.
Digital reference (or virtual reference) is a service by which a library reference service is conducted online, and the reference transaction is a computer-mediated communication.
Digitization, at WhatIs.com in Collins English Dictionary less commonly digitalization, is the process of converting information into a digital (i.e. computer-readable) format, in which the information is organized into bits.
Document classification or document categorization is a problem in library science, information science and computer science.
A document management system (DMS) is a system (based on computer programs in the case of the management of digital documents) used to track, manage and store documents and reduce paper.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
An electronic book (or e-book or eBook) is a book publication made available in digital form, consisting of text, images, or both, readable on the flat-panel display of computers or other electronic devices.
Ecoinformatics, or ecological informatics, is the science of information (Informatics) in Ecology and Environmental science.
Education for librarianship is the term for the educational preparation for professional librarians.
Educational psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of human learning.
Electronic resource management (ERM) is the practices and techniques used by librarians and library staff to track the selection, acquisition, licensing, access, maintenance, usage, evaluation, retention, and de-selection of a library’s electronic information resources.
An encyclopedia or encyclopaedia is a reference work or compendium providing summaries of information from either all branches of knowledge or from a particular field or discipline.
Eric Edward Moon (March 6, 1923 – July 31, 2016) was a librarian and editor who had a shaping influence on American librarianship in the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s as editor-in-chief of Library Journal, president of the American Library Association, and chief editor at Scarecrow Press.
In artificial intelligence, an expert system is a computer system that emulates the decision-making ability of a human expert.
Federated search is an information retrieval technology that allows the simultaneous search of multiple searchable resources.
Film preservation, or film restoration, describes a series of ongoing efforts among film historians, archivists, museums, cinematheques, and non-profit organizations to rescue decaying film stock and preserve the images which they contain.
Film stock is an analog medium that is used for recording motion pictures or animation.
The Five laws of library science is a theory proposed by S. R. Ranganathan in 1931, detailing the principles of operating a library system.
Freedom of Information Act may refer to the following legislations in different jurisdictions which mandate the national government to disclose certain data to the general public upon request.
Freedom of Information laws (FOI laws) allow access by the general public to data held by national governments.
In text retrieval, full-text search refers to techniques for searching a single computer-stored document or a collection in a full text database.
Fuzzy logic is a form of many-valued logic in which the truth values of variables may be any real number between 0 and 1.
A gazetteer is a geographical dictionary or directory used in conjunction with a map or atlas.
Genealogy (from γενεαλογία from γενεά, "generation" and λόγος, "knowledge"), also known as family history, is the study of families and the tracing of their lineages and history.
A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present spatial or geographic data.
Geoinformatics is the science and the technology which develops and uses information science infrastructure to address the problems of geography, cartography, geosciences and related branches of science and engineering.
Summary of this page This page is a glossary of library and information science.
The Government Information Office, Executive Yuan (GIO) was a cabinet-level agency of the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China in charge of promoting government policies and regulating domestic media.
A graphic novel is a book made up of comics content.
Grey literature (or gray literature) are materials and research produced by organizations outside of the traditional commercial or academic publishing and distribution channels.
Health informatics (also called health care informatics, healthcare informatics, medical informatics, nursing informatics, clinical informatics, or biomedical informatics) is information engineering applied to the field of health care, essentially the management and use of patient healthcare information.
Historic preservation (US), heritage preservation or heritage conservation (UK), is an endeavour that seeks to preserve, conserve and protect buildings, objects, landscapes or other artifacts of historical significance.
Public libraries in the American Colonies can be traced back to 1656, when a Boston merchant named Captain Robert Keayne willed his collection of books to the town.
Howard D. White (born June 15, 1936 in Salt Lake City, Utah) is a scientist in library and information science with a focus on informetrics and scientometrics.
Human–computer interaction (HCI) researches the design and use of computer technology, focused on the interfaces between people (users) and computers.
The impact factor (IF) or journal impact factor (JIF) of an academic journal is a measure reflecting the yearly average number of citations to recent articles published in that journal.
An index (plural: usually indexes, more rarely indices; see below) is a list of words or phrases ('headings') and associated pointers ('locators') to where useful material relating to that heading can be found in a document or collection of documents.
An index term, subject term, subject heading, or descriptor, in information retrieval, is a term that captures the essence of the topic of a document.
Informatics is a branch of information engineering.
Information is any entity or form that provides the answer to a question of some kind or resolves uncertainty.
Information access is the freedom or ability to identify, obtain and make use of data or information effectively.
Information and communication technology (ICT) is another/extensional term for information technology (IT) which stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audio-visual systems, which enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information.
Information architecture (IA) is the structural design of shared information environments; the art and science of organizing and labelling websites, intranets, online communities and software to support usability and findability; and an emerging community of practice focused on bringing principles of design and architecture to the digital landscape.
An information broker or data broker collects information about individuals from public records and private sources including census and change of address records, motor vehicle and driving records, user-contributed material to social networking sites, media and court reports, voter registration lists, consumer purchase histories, most-wanted lists and terrorist watch lists, bank card transaction records, health care authorities, and web browsing histories.
Information ethics has been defined as "the branch of ethics that focuses on the relationship between the creation, organization, dissemination, and use of information, and the ethical standards and moral codes governing human conduct in society".
The information explosion is the rapid increase in the amount of published information or data and the effects of this abundance.
Information extraction (IE) is the task of automatically extracting structured information from unstructured and/or semi-structured machine-readable documents.
The United States National Forum on Information Literacy defines information literacy as "...
Information retrieval (IR) is the activity of obtaining information system resources relevant to an information need from a collection of information resources.
Information seeking is the process or activity of attempting to obtain information in both human and technological contexts.
An information society is a society where the creation, distribution, use, integration and manipulation of information is a significant economic, political, and cultural activity.
An information system (IS) is an organized system for the collection, organization, storage and communication of information.
An integrated library system (ILS), also known as a library management system (LMS), is an enterprise resource planning system for a library, used to track items owned, orders made, bills paid, and patrons who have borrowed.
Intellectual freedom encompasses the freedom to hold, receive and disseminate ideas without restriction.
Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect, and primarily encompasses copyrights, patents, and trademarks.
Interlibrary loan (abbreviated ILL, and sometimes called interloan, interlending, document delivery, or document supply) is a service whereby a patron of one library can borrow books, DVDs, music, etc.
The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) is the leading international body representing the interests of people who rely on libraries and information professionals.
The International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD) is a set of rules produced by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) to create a bibliographic description in a standard, human-readable form, especially for use in a bibliography or a library catalog.
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier.
An International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) is an eight-digit serial number used to uniquely identify a serial publication.
Jesse Hauk Shera (December 8, 1903 – March 8, 1982) was an American librarian and information scientist who pioneered the use of information technology in libraries and played a role in the expansion of its use in other areas throughout the 1950s, 60s, and 70s.
John Cotton Dana (born August 19, 1856 in Woodstock, Vermont – d. July 21, 1929 in Newark, New Jersey) was an American library and museum director who sought to make these cultural institutions relevant to the daily lives of citizens.
Knowledge engineering (KE) refers to all technical, scientific and social aspects involved in building, maintaining and using knowledge-based systems.
Knowledge management (KM) is the process of creating, sharing, using and managing the knowledge and information of an organisation.
Laboratory informatics is the specialized application of information technology aimed at optimizing and extending laboratory operations.
LaserDisc (abbreviated as LD) is a home video format and the first commercial optical disc storage medium, initially licensed, sold and marketed as MCA DiscoVision in the United States in 1978.
Lee Pierce Butler (December 19, 1884 – March 28, 1953) was a professor at the University of Chicago Graduate Library School.
Legal deposit is a legal requirement that a person or group submit copies of their publications to a repository, usually a library.
Legal research is "the process of identifying and retrieving information necessary to support legal decision-making.
A lexicon, word-hoard, wordbook, or word-stock is the vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge (such as nautical or medical).
A librarian is a person who works professionally in a library, providing access to information and sometimes social or technical programming.
Stereotypes of librarians in popular culture are frequently negative: librarians are portrayed as puritanical, punitive, unattractive, and introverted if female, or timid and effeminate if male.
A library is a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing.
Library acquisitions is the department of a library responsible for the selection and purchase of materials or resources.
Library anxiety refers to the "feeling that one’s research skills are inadequate and that those shortcomings should be hidden.
The Library Bill of Rights is the American Library Association's statement expressing the rights of library users to intellectual freedom and the expectations the association places on libraries to support those rights.
Library binding can be divided into the two major categories of "original" and "after market".
A library catalog or library catalogue is a register of all bibliographic items found in a library or group of libraries, such as a network of libraries at several locations.
Library circulation or library lending comprises the activities around the lending of library books and other material to users of a lending library.
A library classification is a system of knowledge organization by which library resources are arranged according to subject.
Library instruction, also called bibliographic instruction (BI), user education and library orientation, consists of "instructional programs designed to teach library users how to locate the information they need quickly and effectively.
Library management is a sub-discipline of institutional management that focuses on specific issues faced by libraries and library management professionals.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
The Library of Congress Classification (LCC) is a system of library classification developed by the Library of Congress.
A library portal is an interface to access library resources and services through a single access and management point for users, combining the circulation and catalog functions of an integrated library system (ILS) with additional tools and facilities.
Library science (often termed library studies, library and information science, bibliothecography, library economy) is an interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary field that applies the practices, perspectives, and tools of management, information technology, education, and other areas to libraries; the collection, organization, preservation, and dissemination of information resources; and the political economy of information.
Library technical services are the processing and maintenance activities of a library's collection.
This article gives a list of various almanacs.
This list of information schools includes members of the iSchools organization.
This is a list of notable librarians and people who have advanced libraries and librarianship.
This is an alphabetical list of notable libraries around the world.
The great libraries of the ancient world served as archives for empires, sanctuaries for sacred writings, and depositories of literature and chronicles.
Library science (often termed library studies or library and information science) is an interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary field that applies the practices, perspectives, and tools of management, information technology, education, and other areas to libraries; the collection, organization, preservation, and dissemination of information resources; and the political economy of information.
A national library is specifically established by the government of a nation to serve as the pre-eminent repository of information for that country.
This is a list of book lists (bibliographies) on Wikipedia, organized by various criteria.
For lists of encyclopedias, see.
Below are lists of newspapers organized by continent.
Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.
Literature, most generically, is any body of written works.
A magazine is a publication, usually a periodical publication, which is printed or electronically published (sometimes referred to as an online magazine).
Magnetic tape is a medium for magnetic recording, made of a thin, magnetizable coating on a long, narrow strip of plastic film.
Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body.
A manuscript (abbreviated MS for singular and MSS for plural) was, traditionally, any document written by hand -- or, once practical typewriters became available, typewritten -- as opposed to being mechanically printed or reproduced in some indirect or automated way.
A map is a symbolic depiction emphasizing relationships between elements of some space, such as objects, regions, or themes.
MARC ('''MA'''chine-'''R'''eadable '''C'''ataloging) standards are a set of digital formats for the description of items catalogued by libraries, such as books.
Mass deacidification is a term used in Library and Information Science for one possible measure against the degradation of paper in old books (the so-called "slow fires").
Melville Louis Kossuth "Melvil" Dewey (December 10, 1851 – December 26, 1931) was an American librarian and educator, inventor of the Dewey Decimal system of library classification, and a founder of the Lake Placid Club.
Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.
Metadata is "data that provides information about other data".
Michael Gorman (born 6 March 1941, Witney, Oxfordshire) is a British-born librarian, library scholar and editor/writer on library issues noted for his traditional views. During his tenure as president of the American Library Association (ALA), he was vocal in his opinions on a range of subjects, notably technology and education. He currently lives in the Chicago area with his wife, Anne Reuland, an academic administrator at Loyola University. Gorman's principles of librarianship derive from core liberal, democratic and humanist values. A key influence is S.R. Ranganathan, whom he regarded as "the greatest figure of librarianship in the 20th century." He maintains that it is through focusing on core professional values that librarians will facilitate personal growth and enhance the success of their institutions.
Microforms are scaled-down reproductions of documents, typically either films or paper, made for the purposes of transmission, storage, reading, and printing.
Microprinting is the production of recognizable patterns or characters in a printed medium at a scale that requires magnification to read with the naked eye.
A motion picture content rating system is designated to classify films with regard to suitability for audiences in terms of issues such as sex, violence, substance abuse, profanity, impudence or other types of mature content.
A national library is a library specifically established by the government of a country to serve as the preeminent repository of information for that country.
Neuroinformatics is a research field concerned with the organization of neuroscience data by the application of computational models and analytical tools.
New York Times Co.
A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events.
NUCMC is the abbreviation for the National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections.
OCLC, currently incorporated as OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Incorporated, is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs".
An online public access catalog (often abbreviated as OPAC or simply library catalog) is an online database of materials held by a library or group of libraries.
Open access (OA) refers to research outputs which are distributed online and free of cost or other barriers, and possibly with the addition of a Creative Commons license to promote reuse.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
OpenURL is a standardized format for encoding a description of a resource within a Uniform Resource Locator (URL), intended to help Internet users to find a copy of the resource that they are allowed to access.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
A pamphlet is an unbound booklet (that is, without a hard cover or binding).
The USA PATRIOT Act is an Act of Congress signed into law by US President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001.
Paul Evan Peters (December 12, 1947 - November 18, 1996) was named one of the American Library Association's 100 most important leaders in the 20th century for his leadership of the Coalition for Networked Information (CNI).
Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people of similar competence to the producers of the work (peers).
Phonograph cylinders are the earliest commercial medium for recording and reproducing sound.
A phonograph record (also known as a gramophone record, especially in British English, or record) is an analog sound storage medium in the form of a flat disc with an inscribed, modulated spiral groove.
A photograph or photo is an image created by light falling on a light-sensitive surface, usually photographic film or an electronic medium such as a CCD or a CMOS chip.
In pattern recognition, information retrieval and binary classification, precision (also called positive predictive value) is the fraction of relevant instances among the retrieved instances, while recall (also known as sensitivity) is the fraction of relevant instances that have been retrieved over the total amount of relevant instances.
Preservation refers to the set of activities that aims to prolong the life of a record with as little changes to the original record as possible.
Preservationist is generally understood to mean historic preservationist: one who advocates to preserve architecturally or historically significant buildings, structures, objects, or sites from demolition or degradation.
Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves, or information about themselves, and thereby express themselves selectively.
Prospect research, also known as development research or fundraising research, is a technique through which fundraisers, development teams, and nonprofits gather relevant information about potential donors.
A Public Lending Right (PLR) programme, is a programme intended to either compensate authors for the potential loss of sales from their works being available in public libraries, or as a governmental support of the arts, through support of works available in public libraries, such as books, music and artwork.
A public library is a library that is accessible by the general public and is generally funded from public sources, such as taxes.
Public library advocacy is support given to a public library for its financial and philosophical goals or needs.
The Public Library Association (PLA), a division of the American Library Association, is a professional association of public librarians and supporters dedicated to the "development and effectiveness of public library staff and public library services." In keeping with this mission, the PLA provides continuing education to members, hosts a biennial professional conference, publishes a trade journal, and advocates for public libraries and literacy.
Question answering (QA) is a computer science discipline within the fields of information retrieval and natural language processing (NLP), which is concerned with building systems that automatically answer questions posed by humans in a natural language.
Radio-frequency identification (RFID) uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track tags attached to objects.
Readers' advisory (sometimes spelled readers advisory or reader's advisory) is a service which involves suggesting fiction and nonfiction titles to a reader through direct or indirect means.
Records management, also known as records and information management, is an organizational function devoted to the management of information in an organization throughout its life cycle, from the time of creation or inscription to its eventual disposition.
Reference is a relation between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect to or link to, another object.
The reference desk or information desk of a library is a public service counter where professional librarians provide library users with direction to library materials, advice on library collections and services, and expertise on multiple kinds of information from multiple sources.
A reference interview is a conversation between a librarian and a library user, usually at a reference desk, in which the librarian responds to the user's initial explanation of his or her information need by first attempting to clarify that need and then by directing the user to appropriate information resources.
Reference management software, citation management software, company reference software or personal bibliographic management software is software for scholars and authors to use for recording and utilising bibliographic citations (references) as well as managing project references either as a company or an individual.
A reference work is a book or periodical (or its electronic equivalent) to which one can refer for information.
The National Association to Promote Library and Information Services to Latinos and the Spanish-speaking, more commonly known as REFORMA, is an affiliate of the American Library Association formed in 1971 to promote library services to Latinos and the Spanish speaking.
In computing, the term remote desktop refers to a software or operating system feature that allows a personal computer's desktop environment to be run remotely on one system (usually a PC, but the concept applies equally to a server), while being displayed on a separate client device.
Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.
A research library is a library which contains an in-depth collection of material on one or several subjects (Young, 1983; p.188).
Resource Description and Access (RDA) is a standard for descriptive cataloging initially released in June 2010, providing instructions and guidelines on formulating bibliographic data.
Siyali Ramamrita Ranganathan (S.R.R.) (August 1892 – 27 September 1972) was a mathematician and librarian from India.
Sanford Berman (born October 6, 1933) is a librarian (specifically, a cataloger).
A school library (or a school library media center) is a library within a school where students, staff, and often, parents of a public or private school have access to a variety of resources.
Scientific classification may refer to.
Scientometrics is the study of measuring and analysing science, technology and innovation.
A scroll (from the Old French escroe or escroue), also known as a roll, is a roll of papyrus, parchment, or paper containing writing.
Search engine indexing collects, parses, and stores data to facilitate fast and accurate information retrieval.
The Semantic Web is an extension of the World Wide Web through standards by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
In literature, a serial, is a printing format by which a single larger work, often a work of narrative fiction, is published in smaller, sequential installments.
In publishing and library and information science, the term serial is applied to materials "in any medium issued under the same title in a succession of discrete parts, usually numbered (or dated) and appearing at regular or irregular intervals with no predetermined conclusion.".
The term serials crisis has become a common shorthand to describe the chronic subscription cost increases of many serial publications such as scholarly journals.
Seymour Lubetzky (April 28, 1898 – April 5, 2003) was a major cataloging theorist and a prominent librarian.
Sheet music is a handwritten or printed form of music notation that uses modern musical symbols to indicate the pitches (melodies), rhythms or chords of a song or instrumental musical piece.
A slide library is a library that houses a collection of photographic slides, either as a part of a larger library or standing alone within a larger organization, such as an academic department of a college or university, a museum, or a corporation.
A slow fire is a term used in library and information science to describe paper embrittlement resulting from acid decay.
Social informatics is the study of information and communication tools in cultural or institutional contexts.
Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
Special Libraries Association (SLA) is an international professional association for library and information professionals working in business, government, law, finance, non-profit, and academic organizations and institutions.
A special library is a library that provides specialized information resources on a particular subject, serves a specialized and limited clientele, and delivers specialized services to that clientele.
In machine learning and statistics, classification is the problem of identifying to which of a set of categories (sub-populations) a new observation belongs, on the basis of a training set of data containing observations (or instances) whose category membership is known.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
In library and information science documents (such as books, articles and pictures) are classified and searched by subject - as well as by other attributes such as author, genre and document type.
Taxonomy is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics.
A teacher-librarian (TL), school librarian, or school library media specialist (SLMS), is a certified librarian who also has training in teaching.
Technological determinism is a reductionist theory that assumes that a society's technology determines the development of its social structure and cultural values.
A telephone directory, also known as a telephone book, telephone address book, phone book, or the white/yellow pages, is a listing of telephone subscribers in a geographical area or subscribers to services provided by the organization that publishes the directory.
In information retrieval, tf–idf or TFIDF, short for term frequency–inverse document frequency, is a numerical statistic that is intended to reflect how important a word is to a document in a collection or corpus.
In general usage, a thesaurus is a reference work that lists words grouped together according to similarity of meaning (containing synonyms and sometimes antonyms), in contrast to a dictionary, which provides definitions for words, and generally lists them in alphabetical order.
The Universal Decimal Classification (UDC) is a bibliographic and library classification representing the systematic arrangement of all branches of human knowledge organized as a coherent system in which knowledge fields are related and inter-linked.
Usability engineering is a field that is concerned generally with human-computer interaction and specifically with devising human-computer interfaces that have high usability or user friendliness.
A Usenet newsgroup is a repository usually within the Usenet system, for messages posted from many users in different locations using Internet.
User-centered design (UCD) or user-driven development (UDD) is a framework of processes (not restricted to interfaces or technologies) in which usability goals, user characteristics, environment, tasks and workflow of a product, service or process are given extensive attention at each stage of the design process.
Videotape is magnetic tape used for storing video and usually sound in addition.
Visualization or visualisation (see spelling differences) is any technique for creating images, diagrams, or animations to communicate a message.
Web mining is the application of data mining techniques to discover patterns from the World Wide Web.
A web search engine is a software system that is designed to search for information on the World Wide Web.
The science of webometrics (also cybermetrics) tries to measure the World Wide Web to get knowledge about the number and types of hyperlinks, structure of the World Wide Web and usage patterns.
A website is a collection of related web pages, including multimedia content, typically identified with a common domain name, and published on at least one web server.
William Warner Bishop (July 20, 1871 – February 19, 1955) was an American librarian who is credited and remembered for his work organizing and cataloging the Vatican Archives, his time served working with the American Library Association, as well as his support of academic librariesSparks 1993 He has the honor of being named one of the most influential librarians in American history.
Wire recording or magnetic wire recording was the first early magnetic recording technology, an analog type of audio storage in which a magnetic recording is made on thin steel wire.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
WorldCat is a union catalog that itemizes the collections of 72,000 libraries in 170 countries and territories that participate in the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) global cooperative.
In computing, Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.
Young adult fiction (YA) is a category of fiction published for readers in their youth.
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