187 relations: Acanthocephala, Acidobacteria, Acoelomorpha, Actinobacteria, Agaricomycotina, Alveolate, Amoebozoa, Annelid, Apusozoa, Aquificae, Archaea, Archaeplastida, Archamoebae, Arthropod, Ascomycota, Bacteria, Bacterial outer membrane, Bacteroidetes, Basidiomycota, Bikont, Bilateria, Blastocladiomycota, Blastula, Brachiopod, Bryozoa, Cell wall, Cenarchaeum symbiosum, Chaetognatha, Charales, Charophyta, Chlamydiae, Chlorodendrales, Chloroflexi (phylum), Chlorophyceae, Chlorophyta, Choanozoa, Chordate, Chrysiogenaceae, Chytridiomycota, Cnidaria, Conosa, Crenarchaeota, Ctenophora, Cyanobacteria, Deferribacteraceae, Deinococcus–Thermus, Deuterostome, Dictyoglomus thermophilum, Dicyemida, Dikarya, ..., Earliest known life forms, Ecdysozoa, Echinoderm, Echiura, Embryogenesis, Entity, Entomophthoromycota, Entoprocta, Eukaryote, Eumetazoa, Euryarchaeota, Excavata, Extinction, Extraterrestrial life, Fibrobacteres, Firmicutes, Flatworm, Frateuria aurantia, Fungi imperfecti, Fungus, Fusobacteria, Gastrotrich, GC-content, Gemmatimonadetes, Glaucophyte, Glomeromycota, Gnathostomulid, Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria, Green sulfur bacteria, Haloarchaea, Halobacteriales, Halophile, Hemichordate, Heterokont, Heterotroph, Hyolitha, Hypothetical types of biochemistry, Incertae sedis, Kickxellomycotina, Kingdom (biology), Kinorhyncha, Korarchaeota, Life, Limnognathia, Lobopodia, Lobosa, Lokiarchaeota, Lophotrochozoa, Loricifera, Mesomycetozoea, Mesostigma, Methanobacteria, Methanobacteriales, Methanocaldococcus jannaschii, Methanococcales, Methanococci, Methanogen, Methanomicrobia, Methanopyrales, Methanopyri, Methanosarcinales, Microsporidia, Mollusca, Motility, Mucoromycotina, Multicellular organism, Mycetozoa, Nanoarchaeota, Nanoarchaeum equitans, Nematode, Nematomorpha, Nemertea, Neocallimastigomycota, Nitrospirae, Onychophora, Opisthokont, Organism, Orthonectida, Outline (list), Outline of biology, Outline of life forms, Outline of zoology, Parazoa, Pezizomycotina, Phoronid, Phragmoplastophyta, Placozoa, Planctobacteria, Planctomycetes, Plant, Platyzoa, Prasinophyceae, Priapulida, Protamoebae, Proteobacteria, Protostome, Psychrophile, Pucciniomycotina, Radiata, Red algae, Rhizaria, Rotifer, Saccharomycotina, SAR supergroup, Sexual reproduction, Sipuncula, Sphingobacteria (phylum), Spirochaete, Sponge, Sulfolobales, Symbion, Synergistetes, Taphrinomycotina, Tardigrade, Tenericutes, Thaumarchaeota, The New York Times, Thermococcales, Thermococci, Thermodesulfobacteria, Thermophile, Thermoplasmata, Thermoplasmatales, Thermoprotei, Thermotogae, Trebouxiophyceae, Ulvophyceae, Unikont, Ustilaginomycotina, Verrucomicrobia, Vetulicolia, Viridiplantae, Wiki, Xenoturbella, Yale University Press, Zoopagomycotina. Expand index (137 more) » « Shrink index
Acanthocephala (Greek ἄκανθος, akanthos, thorn + κεφαλή, kephale, head) is a phylum of parasitic worms known as acanthocephalans, thorny-headed worms, or spiny-headed worms, characterized by the presence of an eversible proboscis, armed with spines, which it uses to pierce and hold the gut wall of its host.
Acidobacteria is a phylum of bacteria.
Acoelomorpha is a subphylum of very simple and small soft-bodied animals with planula-like features which live in marine or brackish waters.
The Actinobacteria are a phylum of Gram-positive bacteria.
The subdivision Agaricomycotina, also known as the hymenomycetes, is one of three taxa of the fungal division Basidiomycota (fungi bearing spores on basidia).
The alveolates (meaning "with cavities") are a group of protists, considered a major clade and superphylum within Eukarya, and are also called Alveolata.
Amoebozoa is a major taxonomic group containing about 2,400 described species of amoeboid protists, often possessing blunt, fingerlike, lobose pseudopods and tubular mitochondrial cristae.
The annelids (Annelida, from Latin anellus, "little ring"), also known as the ringed worms or segmented worms, are a large phylum, with over 22,000 extant species including ragworms, earthworms, and leeches.
The Apusozoa are an Obazoa phylum comprising several genera of flagellate eukaryotes.
The Aquificae phylum is a diverse collection of bacteria that live in harsh environmental settings.
Archaea (or or) constitute a domain of single-celled microorganisms.
The Archaeplastida (or kingdom Plantae sensu lato) are a major group of eukaryotes, comprising the red algae (Rhodophyta), the green algae, and the land plants, together with a small group of freshwater unicellular algae called glaucophytes.
The Archamoebae are a group of protists originally thought to have evolved before the acquisition of mitochondria by eukaryotes.
An arthropod (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint" and πούς pous, "foot") is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages.
Ascomycota is a division or phylum of the kingdom Fungi that, together with the Basidiomycota, form the subkingdom Dikarya.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
The bacterial outer membrane is found in gram-negative bacteria.
The phylum Bacteroidetes is composed of three large classes of Gram-negative, nonsporeforming, anaerobic or aerobic, and rod-shaped bacteria that are widely distributed in the environment, including in soil, sediments, and sea water, as well as in the guts and on the skin of animals.
Basidiomycota is one of two large divisions that, together with the Ascomycota, constitute the subkingdom Dikarya (often referred to as the "higher fungi") within the kingdom Fungi.
A bikont ("two flagella") is any of the eukaryotic organisms classified in the group Bikonta.
The Bilateria or bilaterians, or triploblasts, are animals with bilateral symmetry, i.e., they have a head (anterior) and a tail (posterior) as well as a back (dorsal) and a belly (ventral); therefore they also have a left side and a right side.
Blastocladiomycota is one of the currently recognized phyla within the kingdom Fungi.
The blastula (from Greek βλαστός (blastos), meaning "sprout") is a hollow sphere of cells, referred to as blastomeres, surrounding an inner fluid-filled cavity called the blastocoele formed during an early stage of embryonic development in animals.
Brachiopods, phylum Brachiopoda, are a group of lophotrochozoan animals that have hard "valves" (shells) on the upper and lower surfaces, unlike the left and right arrangement in bivalve molluscs.
Bryozoa (also known as the Polyzoa, Ectoprocta or commonly as moss animals) are a phylum of aquatic invertebrate animals.
A cell wall is a structural layer surrounding some types of cells, just outside the cell membrane.
Cenarchaeum symbiosum is a species of Archaea in the genus Cenarchaeum, and is one of the three species contained by the newly proposed phylum Thaumarchaeota in the domain Archaea.
Chaetognatha, meaning bristle-jaws, and commonly known as arrow worms, is a phylum of predatory marine worms which are a major component of plankton worldwide.
Charales is an order of freshwater green algae in the division Charophyta, class Charophyceae, commonly known as stoneworts.
Charophyta is a division of freshwater green algae.
The Chlamydiae are bacterial phylum and class whose members are a group of obligate intracellular bacteria, whose members are remarkably diverse, ranging from pathogens of humans and animals to symbionts of ubiquitous protozoa.
Chlorodendrales are an order of green, flagellated, thecate, unicellular eukaryotes, within the green algae class Chlorodendrophyceae.
The Chloroflexi or Chlorobacteria are a phylum of bacteria containing isolates with a diversity of phenotypes including members that are aerobic thermophiles, which use oxygen and grow well in high temperatures, anoxygenic phototrophs, which use light for photosynthesis (green non-sulfur bacteria), and anaerobic halorespirers, which uses halogenated organics (such as the toxic chlorinated ethenes and polychlorinated biphenyls) as electron acceptors.
The Chlorophyceae are one of the classes of green algae, distinguished mainly on the basis of ultrastructural morphology.
Chlorophyta is a division of green algae, informally called chlorophytes.
Choanozoa (Greek: χόανος (choanos) "funnel" and ζῶον (zōon) "animal") is the name of a phylum of eukaryotes that belongs to the line of opisthokonts.
A chordate is an animal belonging to the phylum Chordata; chordates possess a notochord, a hollow dorsal nerve cord, pharyngeal slits, an endostyle, and a post-anal tail, for at least some period of their life cycle.
Chrysiogenaceae is a bacterial family.
Chytridiomycota is a division of zoosporic organisms in the kingdom Fungi, informally known as chytrids.
Cnidaria is a phylum containing over 10,000 species of animals found exclusively in aquatic (freshwater and marine) environments: they are predominantly marine species.
Conosa is a grouping of Amoebozoa.
The Crenarchaeota (Greek for "spring old quality" as specimens were originally isolated from geothermally heated sulfuric springs in Italy) (also known as Crenarchaea or eocytes) are archaea that have been classified as a phylum of the Archaea domain.
Ctenophora (singular ctenophore, or; from the Greek κτείς kteis 'comb' and φέρω pherō 'to carry'; commonly known as comb jellies) is a phylum of invertebrate animals that live in marine waters worldwide.
Cyanobacteria, also known as Cyanophyta, are a phylum of bacteria that obtain their energy through photosynthesis, and are the only photosynthetic prokaryotes able to produce oxygen.
The Deferribacteraceae are a family of gram-negative bacteria which make energy by anaerobic respiration.
Deinococcus–Thermus is a phylum of bacteria that are highly resistant to environmental hazards, also known as extremophiles.
Deuterostomes (taxonomic term: Deuterostomia; meaning "second mouth" in Greek) are any members of a superphylum of animals.
Dictyoglomus is a genus of bacterium, given its own phylum, called the Dictyoglomi.
Dicyemida, also known as Rhombozoa, is a phylum of tiny parasites that live in the renal appendages of cephalopods.
Dikarya is a subkingdom of Fungi that includes the divisions Ascomycota and Basidiomycota, both of which in general produce dikaryons, may be filamentous or unicellular, but are always without flagella.
The earliest known life forms on Earth are putative fossilized microorganisms found in hydrothermal vent precipitates.
Ecdysozoa is a group of protostome animals, including Arthropoda (insects, chelicerata, crustaceans, and myriapods), Nematoda, and several smaller phyla.
Echinoderm is the common name given to any member of the phylum Echinodermata (from Ancient Greek, ἐχῖνος, echinos – "hedgehog" and δέρμα, derma – "skin") of marine animals.
The Echiura, or spoon worms, are a small group of marine animals.
Embryogenesis is the process by which the embryo forms and develops.
An entity is something that exists as itself, as a subject or as an object, actually or potentially, concretely or abstractly, physically or not.
Entomophthoromycota is a fungus division.
Entoprocta, whose name means "anus inside", is a phylum of mostly sessile aquatic animals, ranging from long.
Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike Prokaryotes (Bacteria and other Archaea).
Eumetazoa (Greek: εὖ, well + μετά, after + ζῷον, animal) or '''Diploblasts''', or Epitheliozoa, or Histozoa are a proposed basal animal clade as sister group of the Porifera.
Euryarchaeota (Greek for "broad old quality") is a phylum of archaea.
Excavata is a major supergroup of unicellular organisms belonging to the domain Eukaryota.
In biology, extinction is the termination of an organism or of a group of organisms (taxon), normally a species.
Extraterrestrial life,Where "extraterrestrial" is derived from the Latin extra ("beyond", "not of") and terrestris ("of Earth", "belonging to Earth").
Fibrobacteres is a small bacterial phylum which includes many of the major rumen bacteria, allowing for the degradation of plant-based cellulose in ruminant animals.
The Firmicutes (Latin: firmus, strong, and cutis, skin, referring to the cell wall) are a phylum of bacteria, most of which have Gram-positive cell wall structure.
The flatworms, flat worms, Platyhelminthes, Plathelminthes, or platyhelminths (from the Greek πλατύ, platy, meaning "flat" and ἕλμινς (root: ἑλμινθ-), helminth-, meaning "worm") are a phylum of relatively simple bilaterian, unsegmented, soft-bodied invertebrates.
Frateuria aurantia is a species of Proteobacteria.
The fungi imperfecti or imperfect fungi, also known as Deuteromycota, are fungi which do not fit into the commonly established taxonomic classifications of fungi that are based on biological species concepts or morphological characteristics of sexual structures because their sexual form of reproduction has never been observed.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
Fusobacteria are obligately anaerobic non-sporeforming Gram-negative bacilli.
The gastrotrichs (phylum Gastrotricha), commonly referred to as hairybacks, are a group of microscopic (0.06-3.0 mm), worm-like, pseudocoelomate animals, and are widely distributed and abundant in freshwater and marine environments.
In molecular biology and genetics, GC-content (or guanine-cytosine content) is the percentage of nitrogenous bases on a DNA or RNA molecule that are either guanine or cytosine (from a possibility of four different ones, also including adenine and thymine in DNA and adenine and uracil in RNA).
The Gemmatimonadetes are a phylum of bacteria created for the type species Gemmatimonas aurantiaca.
The glaucophytes, also known as glaucocystophytes or glaucocystids, are a small group of rare freshwater microscopic algae.
Glomeromycota (informally glomeromycetes) is one of eight currently recognized divisions within the kingdom Fungi, with approximately 230 described species.
Gnathostomulids, or jaw worms, are a small phylum of nearly microscopic marine animals.
Gram-negative bacteria are bacteria that do not retain the crystal violet stain used in the gram-staining method of bacterial differentiation.
Gram-positive bacteria are bacteria that give a positive result in the Gram stain test, which is traditionally used to quickly classify bacteria into two broad categories according to their cell wall.
The green sulfur bacteria (Chlorobiaceae) are a family of obligately anaerobic photoautotrophic bacteria.
Haloarchaea (halophilic archaea, halophilic archaebacteria, halobacteria) are a class of the Euryarchaeota, found in water saturated or nearly saturated with salt.
In taxonomy, the Halobacteriales are an order of the Halobacteria, found in water saturated or nearly saturated with salt.
Halophiles are organisms that thrive in high salt concentrations.
Hemichordata is a phylum of marine deuterostome animals, generally considered the sister group of the echinoderms.
The heterokonts or stramenopiles (formally, Heterokonta or Stramenopiles) are a major line of eukaryotes currently containing more than 25,000 known species.
A heterotroph (Ancient Greek ἕτερος héteros.
Hyoliths are animals with small conical shells, known as fossils from the Palaeozoic Era.
Hypothetical types of biochemistry are forms of biochemistry speculated to be scientifically viable but not proven to exist at this time.
Incertae sedis (Latin for "of uncertain placement") is a term used for a taxonomic group where its broader relationships are unknown or undefined.
Kickxellomycotina is a fungus grouping.
In biology, kingdom (Latin: regnum, plural regna) is the second highest taxonomic rank, just below domain.
Kinorhyncha (I move, ῥύγχος "snout") is a phylum of small (1 mm or less) marine invertebrates that are widespread in mud or sand at all depths as part of the meiobenthos.
In taxonomy, the Korarchaeota are a phylum of the Archaea.
Life is a characteristic that distinguishes physical entities that do have biological processes, such as signaling and self-sustaining processes, from those that do not, either because such functions have ceased, or because they never had such functions and are classified as inanimate.
Limnognathia maerski is a microscopic platyzoan animal, discovered living in homothermic springs on Disko Island, Greenland in 1994, that has variously been assigned as a class or subphylum in the phylum Gnathifera or as a phylum in a Gnathifera superphylum, named Micrognathozoa.
The lobopodians, members of the informal group Lobopodia Snodgrass 1938 (from the Greek, meaning "blunt feet") are worm-like taxa with stubby legs.
Lobosa is a taxonomic group of amoebae possessing broad, bluntly rounded pseudopods.
Lokiarchaeota is a proposed phylum of the Archaea.
Lophotrochozoa ("crest/wheel animals") is a clade of protostome animals within the Spiralia.
Loricifera (from Latin, lorica, corselet (armour) + ferre, to bear) is a phylum of very small to microscopic marine cycloneuralian sediment-dwelling animals with 37 described species, in nine genera.
The Mesomycetozoea (or DRIP clade, or Ichthyosporea) are a small group of Opisthokonta in Eukarya (formerly protists), mostly parasites of fish and other animals.
Mesostigma viride is a species of freshwater green algae.
In taxonomy, the Methanobacteria are a class of the Euryarchaeota.
In taxonomy, the Methanobacteriales are an order of the Methanobacteria.
Methanocaldococcus jannaschii (formerly Methanococcus jannaschii) is a thermophilic methanogenic archaean in the class Methanococci.
In taxonomy, the Methanococcales are an order of the Methanococci.
Methanococci is a class of methanogenic archaea in the phylum Euryarchaeota.
Methanogens are microorganisms that produce methane as a metabolic byproduct in anoxic conditions.
In the taxonomy of microorganisms, the Methanomicrobia are a class of the Euryarchaeota.
In taxonomy, the Methanopyrales are an order of microbes within the class methanopyri.
In taxonomy, the Methanopyri are a class of the Euryarchaeota.
In taxonomy, the Methanosarcinales are an order of the Methanomicrobia.
Microsporidia are a group of spore-forming unicellular parasites.
Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusksThe formerly dominant spelling mollusk is still used in the U.S. — see the reasons given in Gary Rosenberg's.
Motility is the ability of an organism to move independently, using metabolic energy.
Mucoromycotina is a subdivision of Fungi of uncertain phylogenetic placement.
Multicellular organisms are organisms that consist of more than one cell, in contrast to unicellular organisms.
Mycetozoa is a grouping of slime molds.
Nanoarchaeota (Greek, "dwarf or tiny ancient one") are a phylum of the Archaea.
Nanoarchaeum equitans is a species of marine Archaea that was discovered in 2002 in a hydrothermal vent off the coast of Iceland on the Kolbeinsey Ridge by Karl Stetter.
The nematodes or roundworms constitute the phylum Nematoda (also called Nemathelminthes).
Nematomorpha (sometimes called Gordiacea, and commonly known as horsehair worms or Gordian worms) are a phylum of parasitoid animals superficially similar to nematode worms in morphology, hence the name.
Nemertea is a phylum of invertebrate animals also known as "ribbon worms" or "proboscis worms".
Neocallimastigomycota is a phylum containing anaerobic fungi, which are symbionts found in the digestive tracts of larger herbivores.
Nitrospirae is a phylum of bacteria.
Onychophora (from Ancient Greek, onyches, "claws"; and pherein, "to carry"), commonly known as velvet worms (due to their velvety texture and somewhat wormlike appearance) or more ambiguously as peripatus (after the first described genus, Peripatus), is a phylum of elongate, soft-bodied, many-legged panarthropods.
The opisthokonts (Greek: ὀπίσθιος (opísthios).
In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.
Orthonectida is a small phylum of poorly known parasites of marine invertebrates that are among the simplest of multi-cellular organisms.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
Biology – The natural science that involves the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to life forms: Life form (also, lifeform) – entity that is living, such as plants (flora) and animals (fauna).
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to zoology: Zoology – study of animals.
The Parazoa, are a proposed clade of animals.
Pezizomycotina make up majority of the Ascomycota fungi and includes most lichenized fungi too.
Phoronids (scientific name Phoronida, sometimes called horseshoe worms) are a small phylum of marine animals that filter-feed with a lophophore (a "crown" of tentacles), and build upright tubes of chitin to support and protect their soft bodies.
The Phragmoplastophyta (Lecointre & Guyander 2006) or Streptophytina (Lewis & McCourt 2004, incl. Coleochaetophyceae, Zygnematophyceae and Mesotaeniaceae) are a proposed sister clade of the Klebsormidiaceae, with which they form the Streptophyte/Charophyte clade.
The Placozoa are a basal form of free-living (non-parasitic) multicellular organism.
Planctobacteria is a taxon created by Cavalier-Smith, specifically a division (phylum).
Planctomycetes are a phylum of aquatic bacteria and are found in samples of brackish, and marine and fresh water.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
The paraphyletic "Platyzoa" are a group of protostome unsegmented animals proposed by Thomas Cavalier-Smith in 1998.
The Prasinophytes are a paraphyletic class of unicellular green algae.
Priapulida (priapulid worms, from Gr. πριάπος, priāpos 'Priapus' + Lat. -ul-, diminutive), sometimes referred to as penis worms, is a phylum of unsegmented marine worms.
Protamoebae is a grouping of Amoebozoa.
Proteobacteria is a major phylum of gram-negative bacteria. They include a wide variety of pathogens, such as Escherichia, Salmonella, Vibrio, Helicobacter, Yersinia, Legionellales, and many other notable genera. Others are free-living (non-parasitic), and include many of the bacteria responsible for nitrogen fixation. Carl Woese established this grouping in 1987, calling it informally the "purple bacteria and their relatives". Because of the great diversity of forms found in this group, it was named after Proteus, a Greek god of the sea capable of assuming many different shapes and is not named after the genus Proteus. Some Alphaproteobacteria can grow at very low levels of nutrients and have unusual morphology such as stalks and buds. Others include agriculturally important bacteria capable of inducing nitrogen fixation in symbiosis with plants. The type order is the Caulobacterales, comprising stalk-forming bacteria such as Caulobacter. The Betaproteobacteria are highly metabolically diverse and contain chemolithoautotrophs, photoautotrophs, and generalist heterotrophs. The type order is the Burkholderiales, comprising an enormous range of metabolic diversity, including opportunistic pathogens. The Hydrogenophilalia are obligate thermophiles and include heterotrophs and autotrophs. The type order is the Hydrogenophilales. The Gammaproteobacteria are the largest class in terms of species with validly published names. The type order is the Pseudomonadales, which include the genera Pseudomonas and the nitrogen-fixing Azotobacter. The Acidithiobacillia contain only sulfur, iron and uranium-oxidising autotrophs. The type order is the Acidithiobacillales, which includes economically important organisms used in the mining industry such as Acidithiobacillus spp. The Deltaproteobacteria include bacteria that are predators on other bacteria and are important contributors to the anaerobic side of the sulfur cycle. The type order is the Myxococcales, which includes organisms with self-organising abilities such as Myxococcus spp. The Epsilonproteobacteria are often slender, Gram-negative rods that are helical or curved. The type order is the Campylobacterales, which includes important food pathogens such as Campylobacter spp. The Oligoflexia are filamentous aerobes. The type order is the Oligoflexales, which contains the genus Oligoflexus.
Protostomia (from Greek πρωτο- proto- "first" and στόμα stoma "mouth") is a clade of animals.
Psychrophiles or cryophiles (adj. psychrophilic or cryophilic) are extremophilic organisms that are capable of growth and reproduction in low temperatures, ranging from −20 °C to +10 °C.
Pucciniomycotina is a subdivision of fungus within the division Basidiomycota.
Radiata or Radiates is a historical taxonomic rank that was used to classify animals with radially symmetric body plans, and is no longer accepted.
The red algae, or Rhodophyta, are one of the oldest groups of eukaryotic algae.
The Rhizaria are a species-rich supergroup of mostly unicellular eukaryotes.
The rotifers (Rotifera, commonly called wheel animals) make up a phylum of microscopic and near-microscopic pseudocoelomate animals.
Saccharomycotina is a subdivision (subphylum) of the division (phylum) Ascomycota in the Kingdom Fungi.
Sar or Harosa (informally the SAR supergroup) is a clade that includes stramenopiles (heterokonts), alveolates, and Rhizaria.
Sexual reproduction is a form of reproduction where two morphologically distinct types of specialized reproductive cells called gametes fuse together, involving a female's large ovum (or egg) and a male's smaller sperm.
The Sipuncula or Sipunculida (common names sipunculid worms or peanut worms) is a group containing 144–320 species (estimates vary) of bilaterally symmetrical, unsegmented marine worms.
Sphingobacteria is a division (phylum), created by Cavalier-Smith, which contains the classes Chlorobea, Fibrobacteres, Bacteroidetes and Flavobacteria.
A spirochaete or spirochete is a member of the phylum Spirochaetes, which contains distinctive diderm (double-membrane) bacteria, most of which have long, helically coiled (corkscrew-shaped or spiraled, hence the name) cells.
Sponges, the members of the phylum Porifera (meaning "pore bearer"), are a basal Metazoa clade as sister of the Diploblasts.
In taxonomy, the Sulfolobales are an order of the Thermoprotei.
Symbion is the name of a genus of aquatic animals, less than 0.5 mm wide, found living attached to the bodies of cold-water lobsters.
The Synergistetes is a recently recognized phylum of anaerobic bacteria that show Gram-negative staining and have rod/vibrioid cell shape.
The Taphrinomycotina are one of three subdivisions constituting the Ascomycota (fungi that form their spores in a sac-like ascus) and is more or less synonymous with the slightly older invalid name Archiascomycetes (sometimes spelled Archaeascomycetes; archea.
Tardigrades (also known colloquially as water bears, or moss piglets) are water-dwelling, eight-legged, segmented micro-animals.
Tenericutes (tener cutis: soft skin) is a phylum of bacteria that contains the class Mollicutes.
The Thaumarchaeota or Thaumarchaea (from the miracle) are a phylum of the Archaea proposed in 2008 after the genome of Cenarchaeum symbiosum was sequenced and found to differ significantly from other members of the hyperthermophilic phylum Crenarchaeota.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
In taxonomy, the Thermococcales are an order of microbes within Thermococci.
In taxonomy, the Thermococci are a class of microbes within Euryarchaeota.
The Thermodesulfobacteria are a phylum of thermophilic sulfate-reducing bacteria.
A thermophile is an organism—a type of extremophile—that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between.
In taxonomy, the Thermoplasmata are a class of the Euryarchaeota.
In taxonomy, the Thermoplasmatales are an order of the Thermoplasmata.
The Thermoprotei is a class of the Crenarchaeota.
The Thermotogae are a phylum of the domain Bacteria.
The Trebouxiophyceae are a class of green algae, in the division Chlorophyta.
The Ulvophyceae or ulvophytes are a class of green algae, distinguished mainly on the basis of ultrastructural morphology, life cycle and molecular phylogenetic data.
Unikonts or Amorphea are members of a taxonomic supergroup that includes the basal Amoebozoa and Obazoa.
The Ustilaginomycotina is a subdivision within the division Basidiomycota of the kingdom Fungi.
Verrucomicrobia is a phylum of bacteria.
VetulicoliaThe taxon name, Vetulocolia, is derived from the type genus, Vetulicola, which is a compound Latin word composed of vetuli "old" and cola "inhabitant".
Viridiplantae (literally "green plants") are a clade of eukaryotic organisms made up of the green algae, which are primarily aquatic, and the land plants (embryophytes), which emerged within them.
A wiki is a website on which users collaboratively modify content and structure directly from the web browser.
Xenoturbella is a genus of very simple bilaterians up to a few centimeters long.
Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.
The Zoopagomycotina are a subdivision (incertae sedis) of the fungal division Zygomycota sensu lato.