108 relations: Accrual, Aerospace, Agile manufacturing, American system of manufacturing, Assembly line, Automotive industry, Business, Capital (economics), Chemical industry, Clothing industry, Computer industry, Computer-aided design, Computer-aided manufacturing, Computer-integrated manufacturing, Consumer, Conveyor belt, Depreciation, Discounts and allowances, Distributed control system, Distribution (marketing), Economy of China, Economy of the Soviet Union, Electronics industry, Eric von Hippel, Factory, Factory system, Fieldbus, Financial system, Finished good, Fixed asset, Flexible manufacturing system, Food industry, Fordism, General manager, Guild, Handicraft, Heavy industry, Index of accounting articles, Index of international trade topics, Industrial engineering, Industrial processes, Industrial Revolution, Industry, Investment, Just-in-time manufacturing, Lean manufacturing, Light industry, List of business theorists, List of economists, List of manufacturing processes, ..., Machine, Machine tool, Management, Manufacturing, Manufacturing in Australia, Manufacturing in Chad, Manufacturing in Ethiopia, Manufacturing in Ghana, Manufacturing in Hong Kong, Manufacturing in Japan, Manufacturing in Mexico, Manufacturing in Puerto Rico, Manufacturing in the United Kingdom, Manufacturing in the United States, Manufacturing in Vietnam, Mass customization, Mass production, Memorandum, New product development, Numerical control, Outline (list), Outline of business management, Outline of commercial law, Outline of economics, Outline of engineering, Outline of finance, Outline of industrial organization, Outline of marketing, Outline of production, Packaging and labeling, Pharmaceutical industry, Physical plant, Political economy, Prefabrication, Primary sector of the economy, Procurement, Product lifecycle, Production engineering, Production line, Programmable logic controller, Pulp and paper industry, Quality control, Rapid prototyping, Raw material, Retail, Scientific management, Six Sigma, Supply chain, Telecommunications equipment, Tool, Total quality management, Toy, Toyota Production System, Trade, Warehouse, Wholesaling, Workforce, 3D printing. Expand index (58 more) » « Shrink index
Accrual (accumulation) of something is, in finance, the adding together of interest or different investments over a period of time.
Aerospace is the human effort in science, engineering and business to fly in the atmosphere of Earth (aeronautics) and surrounding space (astronautics).
Agile manufacturing is a term applied to an organization that has created the processes, tools, and training to enable it to respond quickly to customer needs and market changes while still controlling costs and quality.
The American system of manufacturing was a set of manufacturing methods that evolved in the 19th century.
An assembly line is a manufacturing process (often called a progressive assembly) in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added as the semi-finished assembly moves from workstation to workstation where the parts are added in sequence until the final assembly is produced.
The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles, some of them are called automakers.
Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).
In economics, capital consists of an asset that can enhance one's power to perform economically useful work.
The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals.
Clothing industry or garment industry summarizes the types of trade and industry along the production and life chain of clothing and garments, starting with the textile industry (producers of cotton, wool, fur, and synthetic fibre) via fashion industry to fashion retailers up to trade with second-hand clothes and textile recycling.
The computer or information technology, or IT industry is the range of businesses involved in designing computer hardware and computer networking infrastructures, developing computer software, manufacturing computer components, and providing information technology (IT) services.
Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computer systems to aid in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design.
Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) is the use of software to control machine tools and related ones in the manufacturing of workpieces.
Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) is the manufacturing approach of using computers to control the entire production process.
A consumer is a person or organization that use economic services or commodities.
A conveyor belt is the carrying medium of a belt conveyor system (often shortened to belt conveyor).
In accountancy, depreciation refers to two aspects of the same concept.
Discounts and allowances are reductions to a basic price of goods or services.
A distributed control system (DCS) is a computerised control system for a process or plant usually with a large number of control loops, in which autonomous controllers are distributed throughout the system, but there is central operator supervisory control.
Distribution (or place) is one of the four elements of the marketing mix.
The socialist market economy of the People's Republic of China is the world's second largest economy by nominal GDP and the world's largest economy by purchasing power parity according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), although China's National Bureau of Statistics denies the latter assessment.
The economy of the Soviet Union (экономика Советского Союза) was based on a system of state ownership of the means of production, collective farming, industrial manufacturing and centralized administrative planning.
The electronics industry, especially meaning consumer electronics, emerged in the 20th century and has now become a global industry worth billions of dollars.
Eric von Hippel (born August 27, 1941) is an American economist and a professor at the MIT Sloan School of Management, specializing in the nature and economics of distributed and open innovation.
A factory or manufacturing plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another.
The factory system is a method of manufacturing using machinery and division of labour.
Fieldbus is the name of a family of industrial computer network protocols used for real-time distributed control, standardized as IEC 61158.
A financial system (within the scope of finance) is a system that allows the exchange of funds between lenders, investors, and borrowers.
Finished goods are goods that have completed the manufacturing process but have not yet been sold or distributed to the end user.
Fixed assets, also known as tangible assets or property, plant and equipment (PP&E), is a term used in accounting for assets and property that cannot easily be converted into cash.
A flexible manufacturing system (FMS) is a manufacturing system in which there is some amount of flexibility that allows the system to react in case of changes, whether predicted or unpredicted.
The food industry is a complex, global collective of diverse businesses that supplies most of the food consumed by the world population.
Fordism is the basis of modern economic and social systems in industrialized, standardized mass production and mass consumption.
A General Manager is an executive who has overall responsibility for managing both the revenue and cost elements of a company's income statement, known as profit & loss (P&L) responsibility.
A guild is an association of artisans or merchants who oversee the practice of their craft/trade in a particular area.
A handicraft, sometimes more precisely expressed as artisanal handicraft or handmade, is any of a wide variety of types of work where useful and decorative objects are made completely by hand or by using only simple tools.
Heavy industry is industry that involves one or more characteristics such as large and heavy products; large and heavy equipment and facilities (such as heavy equipment, large machine tools, and huge buildings); or complex or numerous processes.
This page is an index of accounting topics.
This is a list of international trade topics.
Industrial engineering is a branch of engineering which deals with the optimization of complex processes, systems, or organizations.
Industrial processes are procedures involving chemical, physical, electrical or mechanical steps to aid in the manufacturing of an item or items, usually carried out on a very large scale.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Industry is the production of goods or related services within an economy.
In general, to invest is to allocate money (or sometimes another resource, such as time) in the expectation of some benefit in the future – for example, investment in durable goods, in real estate by the service industry, in factories for manufacturing, in product development, and in research and development.
Just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing, also known as just-in-time production or the Toyota Production System (TPS), is a methodology aimed primarily at reducing flow times within production system as well as response times from suppliers and to customers.
Lean manufacturing or lean production, often simply "lean", is a systematic method for waste minimization ("Muda") within a manufacturing system without sacrificing productivity.
Light industry is industries that usually are less capital-intensive than heavy industry and is more consumer-oriented than business-oriented, as it typically produces smaller consumer goods.
This is an annotated list of important business writers.
This is an incomplete alphabetical list by surname of notable economists, experts in the social science of economics, past and present.
This tree lists various manufacturing processes arranged by similarity of function.
A machine uses power to apply forces and control movement to perform an intended action.
A machine tool is a machine for shaping or machining metal or other rigid materials, usually by cutting, boring, grinding, shearing, or other forms of deformation.
Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body.
Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.
Manufacturing in Australia peaked in the 1960s at 25% of the country's gross domestic product, and has since dropped below 10%.
Manufacturing in Chad was dominated by agribusiness, and Cotontchad in particular.
Manufacturing in Ethiopia was, before 1957, dominated by cottage and handicraft industries which met most of the population's needs for manufactured goods such as clothes, ceramics, machine tools, and leather goods.
Industry in Ghana accounts for about 25.3% of total GDP.
Manufacturing in Hong Kong consists of mainly light and labour-intensive industries.
Japan's major export industries include automobiles, consumer electronics (see Electronics industry in Japan), computers, semiconductors, copper, iron and steel.
Manufacturing in Mexico grew rapidly in the late 1960s with the end of the US farm labor agreement known as the bracero program.
Manufacturing in Puerto Rico is the largest economic sector in the economy of Puerto Rico; composing almost half (about 46%) of the gross domestic product (GDP) of Puerto Rico.
The United Kingdom, where the Industrial Revolution began in the late 18th century, has a long history of manufacturing, which contributed to Britain's early economic growth.
Manufacturing in the United States is a vital sector.
Manufacturing in Vietnam after reunification followed a pattern that was initially the reverse of the record in agriculture; it showed recovery from a depressed base in the early postwar years.
Mass customization, in marketing, manufacturing, call centres and management, is the use of flexible computer-aided manufacturing systems to produce custom output.
Mass production, also known as flow production or continuous production, is the production of large amounts of standardized products, including and especially on assembly lines.
A memorandum (abbrev.: memo; from Latin memorandum est, "It must be remembered (that)...") is a note, document or other communication that helps the memory by recording events or observations on a topic such as may be used in a business office.
In business and engineering, new product development (NPD) covers the complete process of bringing a new product to market.
Computer numerical control (CNC) is the automation of machine tools by means of computers executing pre-programmed sequences of machine control commands.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to management: Business management – management of a business.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to commercial law: Commercial law – body of law that governs business and commercial transactions.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to economics: Economics – analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to engineering: Engineering is the discipline and profession that applies scientific theories, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to design, create, and analyze technological solutions cognizant of safety, human factors, physical laws, regulations, practicality, and cost.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to finance: Finance – addresses the ways in which individuals and organizations raise and allocate monetary resources over time, taking into account the risks entailed in their projects.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to industrial organization: Industrial organization – describes the behavior of firms in the marketplace with regard to production, pricing, employment and other decisions.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to marketing: Marketing – social and managerial processes by which products, services, and value are exchanged in order to fulfill individuals' or groups' needs and wants.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to production: Production – act of creating 'use' value or 'utility' that can satisfy a want or need.
Packaging is the science, art and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use.
The pharmaceutical industry (or medicine industry) is the commercial industry that discovers, develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceutical drugs for use as different types of medicine and medications.
Physical plant, mechanical plant or industrial plant (and where context is given, often just plant) refers to the necessary infrastructure used in operation and maintenance of a given facility.
Political economy is the study of production and trade and their relations with law, custom and government; and with the distribution of national income and wealth.
Prefabrication is the practice of assembling components of a structure in a factory or other manufacturing site, and transporting complete assemblies or sub-assemblies to the construction site where the structure is to be located.
An industry involved in the extraction and collection of natural resources, such as copper and timber, as well as by activities such as farming and fishing.
Procurement is the process of finding, agreeing terms and acquiring goods, services or works from an external source, often via a tendering or competitive bidding process.
In industry, product lifecycle management (PLM) is the process of managing the entire lifecycle of a product from inception, through engineering design and manufacture, to service and disposal of manufactured products.
Production engineering is a combination of manufacturing technology, engineering sciences with management science.
A production line is a set of sequential operations established in a factory where materials are put through a refining process to produce an end-product that is suitable for onward consumption; or components are assembled to make a finished article.
A programmable logic controller (PLC), or programmable controller is an industrial digital computer which has been ruggedized and adapted for the control of manufacturing processes, such as assembly lines, or robotic devices, or any activity that requires high reliability control and ease of programming and process fault diagnosis.
The pulp and paper industry comprises companies that use wood as raw material and produce pulp, paper, paperboard and other cellulose-based products.
Quality control, or QC for short, is a process by which entities review the quality of all factors involved in production.
Rapid prototyping is a group of techniques used to quickly fabricate a scale model of a physical part or assembly using three-dimensional computer aided design (CAD) data.
A raw material, also known as a feedstock or most correctly unprocessed material, is a basic material that is used to produce goods, finished products, energy, or intermediate materials which are feedstock for future finished products.
Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn a profit.
Scientific management is a theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes workflows.
Six Sigma (6σ) is a set of techniques and tools for process improvement.
A supply chain is a system of organizations, people, activities, information, and resources involved in moving a product or service from supplier to customer.
Telecommunications equipment (also telecoms equipment or communications equipment) is hardware used for the purposes of telecommunications.
A tool is any physical item that can be used to achieve a goal, especially if the item is not consumed in the process.
Total quality management (TQM) consists of organization-wide efforts to install and make a permanent climate in which an organization continuously improves its ability to deliver high-quality products and services to customers.
A toy is an item that is used in play, especially one designed for such use.
The Toyota Production System (TPS) is an integrated socio-technical system, developed by Toyota, that comprises its management philosophy and practices.
Trade involves the transfer of goods or services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money.
A warehouse is a commercial building for storage of goods.
Wholesaling, jobbing, or distributing is the sale of goods or merchandise to retailers; to industrial, commercial, institutional, or other professional business users; or to other wholesalers and related subordinated services.
The workforce or labour force (labor force in American English; see spelling differences) is the labour pool in employment.
3D printing is any of various processes in which material is joined or solidified under computer control to create a three-dimensional object, with material being added together (such as liquid molecules or powder grains being fused together).