233 relations: Advanced Gas-cooled Reactor, Advanced Stirling radioisotope generator, Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues, American Nuclear Society, Angela Merkel, Anti-nuclear movement, Anti-nuclear movement in Germany, Anti-nuclear movement in the United States, Anti-nuclear power movement in Japan, Anti-nuclear protests, Anti-nuclear protests in the United States, Argonne National Laboratory, Arnold Gundersen, Association Nationale des Comités et Commissions Locales d'Information, Atomic Energy Commission, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Atomic nucleus, Austrian nuclear power referendum, 1978, Autorité de sûreté nucléaire, Électricité de France, ČEZ Group, Baltic nuclear power plant, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Belarusian nuclear power plant, Berkeley Nuclear Power Station, BHAVINI, BKW Energie, Boiling water reactor, Bradwell nuclear power station, Brazilian–Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials, Breeder reactor, Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, Chapelcross nuclear power station, China General Nuclear Power Group, China National Nuclear Corporation, China Nuclear International Uranium Corporation, Cost of electricity by source, David Lochbaum, Depleted uranium, Deuterium, Dodewaard nuclear power plant, E.ON, E.ON Sverige, Economics of nuclear power plants, Ed Markey, Electrabel, Electrical energy, Electricity generation, Eletronuclear, ..., Endesa, Energoatom, Energy, Energy development, Enriched uranium, Enrico Fermi, Environmental impact of nuclear power, Environmental organization, Environmentalism, Environmentalists for Nuclear, European Atomic Energy Community, Event tree, Event tree analysis, Exclusion zone, Fast-neutron reactor, Fennovoima, Fertile material, Fortum, Friends of the Earth, Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, Fusion power, Gas-cooled fast reactor, Generation IV reactor, George Galatis, German nuclear weapon project, Greenpeace, Harry S. Truman, Heysham nuclear power station, High-level radioactive waste management, Hinkley Point A nuclear power station, Hinkley Point C nuclear power station, Hunterston A nuclear power station, Hunterston B nuclear power station, Iberdrola, In Mortal Hands, India's three-stage nuclear power programme, Inertial fusion power plant, Institute for Energy and Environmental Research, Integral fast reactor, International Atomic Energy Agency, International Energy Agency, International Nuclear Regulators' Association, Ionizing radiation, Isotope separation, James Chadwick, Japanese Atomic Energy Commission, Japanese Nuclear Safety Commission, Kernfysische Dienst, Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power, Lead-cooled fast reactor, Linear no-threshold model, Liquid metal cooled reactor, List of cancelled nuclear reactors in the United States, List of Chernobyl-related articles, List of companies in the nuclear sector, List of nuclear power accidents by country, List of nuclear power stations, List of nuclear reactors, List of nuclear waste treatment technologies, List of nuclear whistleblowers, List of power stations in New Jersey, Lists of nuclear disasters and radioactive incidents, Lithuanian nuclear power referendum, 2008, Magnet, Magnox, Michael Faraday, Molten salt reactor, Naoto Kan, Nobuto Hosaka, Non-governmental organization, Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency, Nuclear chemistry, Nuclear Energy Institute, Nuclear energy policy, Nuclear engineering, Nuclear fission, Nuclear fuel, Nuclear Information and Resource Service, Nuclear material, Nuclear physics, Nuclear power, Nuclear Power and the Environment, Nuclear power by country, Nuclear Power Corporation of India, Nuclear power debate, Nuclear power in Albania, Nuclear power in Australia, Nuclear power in Bulgaria, Nuclear power in Canada, Nuclear power in China, Nuclear power in Finland, Nuclear power in France, Nuclear power in Germany, Nuclear power in India, Nuclear power in Indonesia, Nuclear power in Italy, Nuclear power in Japan, Nuclear power in North Korea, Nuclear power in Pakistan, Nuclear power in Romania, Nuclear power in Russia, Nuclear power in Scotland, Nuclear power in South Korea, Nuclear power in space, Nuclear power in Spain, Nuclear power in Sweden, Nuclear power in Switzerland, Nuclear power in Taiwan, Nuclear power in Thailand, Nuclear power in the Czech Republic, Nuclear power in the European Union, Nuclear power in the Philippines, Nuclear power in the United Arab Emirates, Nuclear power in the United Kingdom, Nuclear power in the United States, Nuclear power in Ukraine, Nuclear power phase-out, Nuclear power plant, Nuclear power plant emergency response team, Nuclear power proposed as renewable energy, Nuclear proliferation, Nuclear reactor, Nuclear reactor accidents in the United States, Nuclear Regulation Authority, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Nuclear renaissance, Nuclear reprocessing, Nuclear safety and security, Nuclear safety in the United States, Nuclear technology, Nuclear terrorism, Nuclearelectrica, OKB Gidropress, Outline (list), Outline of nuclear technology, Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority, Pebble-bed reactor, Pembina Institute, Plutonium, Polywell, Pressurized water reactor, Radiation, Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Radioactive contamination, Radioactive decay, Radioactive waste, Radioisotope thermoelectric generator, Reaction Time (book), Reactor building, Reactor protection system, Reprocessed uranium, Resun, Rosenergoatom, Russian floating nuclear power station, RWE, Sayonara Nuclear Power Plants, Sizewell nuclear power stations, Sodium-cooled fast reactor, Sortir du nucléaire (France), Soviet submarine K-19, Soviet submarine K-27, Soviet submarine K-431, Steam generator (nuclear power), Supercritical water reactor, Swedish nuclear power referendum, 1980, Teollisuuden Voima, Thorium, Three Mile Island accident, Trawsfynydd nuclear power station, Tritium, Unión Fenosa, United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, United Nations Atomic Energy Commission, United States Atomic Energy Commission, Uranium, Uranium mining debate, Vattenfall, Vattenfall Europe Nuclear Energy GmbH, Very-high-temperature reactor, World energy consumption, World Information Service on Energy, World Nuclear Association, World Nuclear Industry Status Report. 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The Advanced Gas-cooled Reactor (AGR) is a type of nuclear reactor designed and operated in the United Kingdom.
The advanced Stirling radioisotope generator (ASRG) was a radioisotope power system first developed at NASA's Glenn Research Center.
The Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues is a searchable collection of vetted annotations and bibliographic information for resources including books, articles, films, CD-ROMs, and websites pertaining to nuclear topics.
The American Nuclear Society (ANS) is an international, not-for-profit 501(c)(3) scientific and educational organization with a membership of approximately 11,000 scientists, engineers, educators, students, and other associate members.
Angela Dorothea Merkel (Kasner, born 17 July 1954) is a German politician serving as Chancellor of Germany since 2005 and leader of the centre-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 2000.
The anti-nuclear movement is a social movement that opposes various nuclear technologies.
The anti-nuclear movement in Germany has a long history dating back to the early 1970s when large demonstrations prevented the construction of a nuclear plant at Wyhl.
The anti-nuclear movement in the United States consists of more than 80 anti-nuclear groups that oppose nuclear power, nuclear weapons, and/or uranium mining.
Long one of the world’s most committed promoters of civilian nuclear power, Japan's nuclear industry was not hit as hard by the effects of the 1979 Three Mile Island accident (USA) or the 1986 Chernobyl disaster (USSR) as some other countries.
Anti-nuclear protests began on a small scale in the U.S. as early as 1946 in response to Operation Crossroads.
There were many anti-nuclear protests in the United States which captured national public attention during the 1970s and 1980s.
Argonne National Laboratory is a science and engineering research national laboratory operated by the University of Chicago Argonne LLC for the United States Department of Energy located near Lemont, Illinois, outside Chicago.
Arnold "Arnie" Gundersen (born January 4, 1949 in Elizabeth, New Jersey) is a former nuclear industry executive, and engineer with more than 44 years of nuclear industry experience who became a whistleblower in 1990.
The Association Nationale des Comités et Commissions Locales d'Information (ANCCLI), (National Association of Local Information Committees and Commissions), known until 2010 as the Association Nationale des Commissions Locales d'Information (ANCLI) (National Association of Local Information Committees) is a national association in France that brings together the local bodies that have been set up with the dual roles of providing information and oversight of nuclear installations.
Many countries have or have had an Atomic Energy Commission.
Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL; Énergie atomique du Canada limitée (EACL)) is a Canadian federal Crown corporation and Canada's largest nuclear science and technology laboratory.
The Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) was constituted on 15 November 1983 by the President of India by exercising the powers conferred by Section 27 of the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 (33 of 1962) to carry out certain regulatory and safety functions under the Act.
The atomic nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons and neutrons at the center of an atom, discovered in 1911 by Ernest Rutherford based on the 1909 Geiger–Marsden gold foil experiment.
A referendum on the use of nuclear power was held in Austria on 5 November 1978.
The Autorité de sûreté nucléaire (Nuclear Safety Authority, ASN) is an independent French administrative authority set up by law 2006-686 of 13 June 2006 concerning nuclear transparency and safety.
Électricité de France S.A. (EDF; Electricity of France) is a French electric utility company, largely owned by the French state.
ČEZ Group ('Skupina ČEZ' České Energetické Závody) is a conglomerate of 96 companies (including the parent company ČEZ, a.s.), 72 of them in the Czech Republic.
Baltic nuclear power plant may refer to.
Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission is a scientific research organization and regulatory body of Bangladesh.
The Belarusian nuclear power plant is a multi-reactor nuclear power plant project in Belarus.
Berkeley nuclear power station is a disused Magnox power station situated on the bank of the River Severn in Gloucestershire, England.
The Bharatiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam Limited (BHAVINI) is a wholly owned Enterprise of Government of India under the administrative control of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) incorporated on 22 October 2003 as Public Limited Company under the companies act, 1956 with the objective of constructing and commissioning the first 500 MWe Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) at Kalpakkam in Tamilnadu and to pursue construction, commissioning, operation and maintenance of subsequent Fast Breeder Reactors for generation of electricity in pursuance of the schemes and programmes of Government of India under the provisions of the Atomic Energy Act,1962.
The BKW Energie AG (BKW, formerly known as Bernische Kraftwerke AG) is a power production and distribution utility with its headquarters in Berne, Switzerland.
The boiling water reactor (BWR) is a type of light water nuclear reactor used for the generation of electrical power.
Bradwell nuclear power station is a partially decommissioned Magnox power station located on the Dengie peninsula at the mouth of the River Blackwater, Essex.
The Brazilian–Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC; Agência Brasileiro-Argentina de Contabilidade e Controle de Materiais Nucleares; Agencia Brasileño-Argentina de Contabilidad y Control de Materiales Nucleares) is a binational safeguards agency playing an active role in the verification of the peaceful use of nuclear materials that could be used, either directly or indirectly, for the manufacture of weapons of mass destruction.
A breeder reactor is a nuclear reactor that generates more fissile material than it consumes.
The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC; Commission canadienne de sûreté nucléaire) is the federal regulator of nuclear power and materials in Canada.
Chapelcross was a Magnox nuclear power plant located near Annan in Dumfries and Galloway in south west Scotland.
China General Nuclear Power Group (CGN), formerly China Guangdong Nuclear Power Group, is a major energy corporation under the SASAC of the State Council.
The China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) is a state-owned entity founded in 1955 in Beijing.
The China Nuclear International Uranium Corporation (中国国核海外铀资源开发公司) (abbreviated as Sino-U or SinoU) is a Chinese Government owned corporation involved in prospecting, and eventually mining, overseas sources of uranium.
In electrical power generation, the distinct ways of generating electricity incur significantly different costs.
David A. Lochbaum is the Director of the Nuclear Safety Project for the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS).
Depleted uranium (DU; also referred to in the past as Q-metal, depletalloy or D-38) is uranium with a lower content of the fissile isotope U-235 than natural uranium.
Deuterium (or hydrogen-2, symbol or, also known as heavy hydrogen) is one of two stable isotopes of hydrogen (the other being protium, or hydrogen-1).
Dodewaard nuclear power plant was a nuclear power plant with a boiling water reactor (BWR) of General Electric in the Dutch town of Dodewaard.
E.ON SE (marketed with an interpunct as E·ON) is a European holding company based in Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
E.ON Sverige AB, Company spelling: E.ON Sverige AB) is a Swedish energy company, and part of the international energy group Uniper SE. The Swedish company changed name in 2005, and was formerly known as Sydkraft AB.
New nuclear power plants typically have high capital costs for building the first several plants, after which costs tend to fall for each additional plant built as the supply chains develop and the regulatory processes improve.
Edward John Markey (born July 11, 1946) is an American politician of the Democratic Party serving as the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts since 2013.
Electrabel GDF Suez S.A. is a Belgium-based energy corporation.
Electrical energy is the energy newly derived from electric potential energy or kinetic energy.
Electricity generation is the process of generating electric power from sources of primary energy.
Eletronuclear (Eletrobrás Termonuclear S/A) is a nuclear power company established in 1997 in Brazil.
Endesa, S.A. (originally an initialism for Empresa Nacional de Electricidad, S.A.) is the largest electric utility company in Spain.
Energoatom, full name National Nuclear Energy Generating Company of Ukraine (Ukrainian: НАЕК "Енергоатом") is a Ukrainian state enterprise operating all four nuclear power stations in Ukraine.
In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object.
Energy development is the field of activities focused on obtaining sources of energy from natural resources.
Enriched uranium is a type of uranium in which the percent composition of uranium-235 has been increased through the process of isotope separation.
Enrico Fermi (29 September 1901 – 28 November 1954) was an Italian-American physicist and the creator of the world's first nuclear reactor, the Chicago Pile-1.
The environmental impact of nuclear power results from the nuclear fuel cycle, operation, and the effects of nuclear accidents.
An environmental organization is an organization coming out of the conservation or environmental movements that seeks to protect, analyse or monitor the environment against misuse or degradation from human forces.
Environmentalism or environmental rights is a broad philosophy, ideology, and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment, particularly as the measure for this health seeks to incorporate the impact of changes to the environment on humans, animals, plants and non-living matter.
Environmentalists for Nuclear Energy (EFN) is a pro-nuclear power non-profit organization which aims at providing complete and straightforward information to the public on energy and the environment.
The European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom) is an international organisation established by the Euratom Treaty on 25 March 1957 with the original purpose of creating a specialist market for nuclear power in Europe; developing nuclear energy and distributing it to its member states while selling the surplus to non-member states.
Event tree is an inductive analytical diagram in which an event is analyzed using Boolean logic to examine a chronological series of subsequent events or consequences.
Event tree analysis (ETA) is a forward, bottom up, logical modeling technique for both success and failure that explores responses through a single initiating event and lays a path for assessing probabilities of the outcomes and overall system analysis.
An exclusion zone is a territorial division established for various case specific purposes.
A fast-neutron reactor or simply a fast reactor is a category of nuclear reactor in which the fission chain reaction is sustained by fast neutrons, as opposed to thermal neutrons used in thermal-neutron reactors.
Fennovoima Ltd (Fennovoima Oy) is a Finnish nuclear power company established by a consortium of Finnish power and industrial companies.
Fertile material is a material that, although not itself fissionable by thermal neutrons, can be converted into a fissile material by neutron absorption and subsequent nuclei conversions.
Fortum Oyj is an energy company focusing on the Nordic and Baltic countries, Poland, Russia and India.
Friends of the Earth International (FoEI) is an international network of environmental organizations in 74 countries.
The was an energy accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Ōkuma, Fukushima Prefecture, initiated primarily by the tsunami following the Tōhoku earthquake on 11 March 2011.
Fusion power is a form of power generation in which energy is generated by using fusion reactions to produce heat for electricity generation.
The gas-cooled fast reactor (GFR) system is a nuclear reactor design which is currently in development.
Generation IV reactors (Gen IV) are a set of nuclear reactor designs currently being researched for commercial applications by the Generation IV International Forum, with Technology readiness levels varying between the level requiring a demonstration, to economical competitive implementation.
George Galatis was a senior nuclear engineer and whistleblower who reported safety problems at the Millstone 1 Nuclear Power Plant, relating to reactor refueling procedures, in 1996.
The German nuclear weapon project (Uranprojekt; informally known as the Uranverein; Uranium Society or Uranium Club) was a scientific effort led by Germany to develop and produce nuclear weapons during World War II.
Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organization with offices in over 39 countries and with an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), taking office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Heysham Power Station is a nuclear power station located in Heysham, Lancashire, England, operated by EDF Energy.
High-level radioactive waste management concerns how radioactive materials created during production of nuclear power and nuclear weapons are dealt with.
Hinkley Point A nuclear power station is a decommissioned Magnox Nuclear power station located on a site in Somerset on the Bristol Channel coast, west of the River Parrett estuary.
Hinkley Point C nuclear power station (HPC) is a project to construct a 3,200 MWe nuclear power station with two EPR reactors in Somerset, England.
Hunterston A nuclear power station was a Magnox power station located at Hunterston in Ayrshire, Scotland, adjacent to Hunterston B and is currently being decommissioned.
Hunterston B Power Station is a nuclear power station in North Ayrshire, Scotland.
Iberdrola is a Spanish public multinational electric utility company based in Bilbao, Basque Country.
In Mortal Hands: A Cautionary History of the Nuclear Age is a 2009 book by Stephanie Cooke.
India's three-stage nuclear power programme was formulated by Homi Bhabha in the 1950s to secure the country’s long term energy independence, through the use of uranium and thorium reserves found in the monazite sands of coastal regions of South India.
An inertial fusion power plant is intended to produce electric power by use of inertial confinement fusion techniques on an industrial scale.
The Institute for Energy and Environmental Research (IEER) focuses on the environmental safety of nuclear weapons production, ozone layer depletion, and other issues relating to energy.
The integral fast reactor (IFR, originally advanced liquid-metal reactor) is a design for a nuclear reactor using fast neutrons and no neutron moderator (a "fast" reactor).
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.
The International Energy Agency (IEA) (Agence internationale de l'énergie) is a Paris-based autonomous intergovernmental organization established in the framework of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1974 in the wake of the 1973 oil crisis.
The International Nuclear Regulators' Association (INRA) was established in January 1997 and is an association of the most senior officials of the nuclear regulatory authorities of the following countries.
Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) is radiation that carries enough energy to liberate electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby ionizing them.
Isotope separation is the process of concentrating specific isotopes of a chemical element by removing other isotopes.
Sir James Chadwick, (20 October 1891 – 24 July 1974) was an English physicist who was awarded the 1935 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the neutron in 1932.
The was established in 1956 and serves as the regulatory body for nuclear power in Japan.
Japan's was a commission established within the Cabinet of Japan as an independent agency to play the main role in nuclear safety administration.
The Kernfysische dienst (Department of Nuclear Safety, Security and Safeguards) is the Dutch nuclear regulatory organisation.
Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power (KHNP) is a subsidiary of the Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO).
The lead-cooled fast reactor is a nuclear reactor design that features a fast neutron spectrum and molten lead or lead-bismuth eutectic coolant.
The linear no-threshold model (LNT) is a model used in radiation protection to quantify radiation exposure and set regulatory limits.
A liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor, liquid metal fast reactor or LMFR is an advanced type of nuclear reactor where the primary coolant is a liquid metal.
This is a list of cancelled nuclear reactors in the United States.
This is a list of Chernobyl-related articles.
This is a list of large companies in the nuclear power industry that are active along the nuclear chain, from uranium mining, processing and enrichment, to the actual operating of nuclear power plant and nuclear waste processing.
Worldwide, many nuclear accidents have occurred since the Chernobyl disaster in 1986.
The following page lists all nuclear power stations that are larger than in current net capacity.
This is a list of all the commercial nuclear reactors in the world, sorted by country, with operational status.
The following are most of the different possible methods of treating and disposing of nuclear waste:;Storage.
There have been a number of nuclear whistleblowers, often nuclear engineers, who have identified safety concerns about nuclear power and nuclear weapons production.
The following page lists power stations in the U.S. state of New Jersey.
These are lists of nuclear disasters and radioactive incidents.
A referendum on extending the operation of the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant was held in Lithuania on 12 October 2008, despite the fact that Lithuania is obliged to close down Ignalina per its treaty of accession to the European Union.
A magnet is a material or object that produces a magnetic field.
Magnox is a type of nuclear power/production reactor that was designed to run on natural uranium with graphite as the moderator and carbon dioxide gas as the heat exchange coolant.
Michael Faraday FRS (22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867) was an English scientist who contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry.
A molten salt reactor (MSR) is a class of generation IV nuclear fission reactor in which the primary nuclear reactor coolant, or even the fuel itself, is a molten salt mixture.
is a Japanese politician, and former prime minister of Japan.
(born November 26, 1955) is a Japanese politician and the current mayor of Setagaya in Tokyo.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
The was a Japanese nuclear regulatory and oversight branch of the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy under the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI).
Nuclear chemistry is the subfield of chemistry dealing with radioactivity, nuclear processes, such as nuclear transmutation, and nuclear properties.
The Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) is a nuclear industry trade association in the United States of America, based in Washington, D.C.
Nuclear energy policy is a national and international policy concerning some or all aspects of nuclear energy and the nuclear fuel cycle, such as uranium mining, ore concentration, conversion, enrichment for nuclear fuel, generating electricity by nuclear power, storing and reprocessing spent nuclear fuel, and disposal of radioactive waste.
Nuclear engineering is the branch of engineering concerned with the application of breaking down atomic nuclei (fission) or of combining atomic nuclei (fusion), or with the application of other sub-atomic processes based on the principles of nuclear physics.
In nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry, nuclear fission is either a nuclear reaction or a radioactive decay process in which the nucleus of an atom splits into smaller parts (lighter nuclei).
Nuclear fuel is a substance that is used in nuclear power stations to produce heat to power turbines.
The Nuclear Information and Resource Service (NIRS) is an anti-nuclear group founded in 1978 to be the information and networking center for citizens and organizations concerned about nuclear power, radioactive waste, radiation and sustainable energy issues.
Nuclear material refers to the metals uranium, plutonium, and thorium, in any form, according to the IAEA.
Nuclear physics is the field of physics that studies atomic nuclei and their constituents and interactions.
Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant.
Nuclear Power and the Environment, sometimes simply called the Flowers Report, was released in September 1976 and is the sixth report of the UK Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution, chaired by Sir Brian Flowers.
Nuclear power plants currently operate in 31 countries.
The Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) is a government-owned corporation of India based in Mumbai in the state of Maharashtra.
The nuclear power debate is a long-running controversy about the risks and benefits of using nuclear reactors to generate electricity for civilian purposes.
Albania presently has no nuclear power plants, but in 2007 the government discussed constructing a nuclear power plant at Durrës.
The prospect of nuclear power in Australia has been a topic of public debate since the 1950s.
Bulgaria's first commercial nuclear reactor began operation in 1974.
Nuclear power in Canada is provided by 19 commercial reactors with a net capacity of 13.5 Gigawatts (GWe), producing a total of 95.6 Terawatt-hours (TWh) of electricity, which accounted for 16.6% of the nation's total electric energy generation in 2015.
As of March 2018, the People's Republic of China has 38 nuclear reactors operating with a capacity of 34.5 GW and 18 under construction with a capacity of 21 GW.
As of 2008, Finland's nuclear power program has four nuclear reactors in two power plants, all located on the shores of the Baltic Sea.
Nuclear power is a major source of energy in France, with a 40% share of energy consumption in 2015.
Nuclear power in Germany accounted for 17.7% of national electricity supply in 2011, compared to 22.4% in 2010.
Nuclear power is the fifth-largest source of electricity in India after coal, gas, hydroelectricity and wind power.
The program for nuclear power in Indonesia includes plans to build nuclear reactors in the country for peaceful purposes.
Nuclear power in Italy is a controversial topic.
Prior to the earthquake and tsunami of March 2011, Japan had generated 30% of its electrical power from nuclear reactors and planned to increase that share to 40%.
North Korea (officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea) has been active in developing nuclear technology since the 1950s.
As of 2017, nuclear power in Pakistan is provided by 5 commercial nuclear power plants.
Romania currently has 1,400 MW of nuclear power capacity by means of one active nuclear power plant with 2 reactors, which constitutes around 18% of the national power generation capacity of the country.
In 2012 total electricity generated in nuclear power plants in Russia was 177.3 TWh, 17.78% of all power generation.
There are two nuclear power stations in Scotland, and several nuclear-powered submarines are based there.
The total electrical generation capacity of the nuclear power plants of South Korea is 20.5 GWe from 23 reactors.
Nuclear power in space is the use of nuclear power in outer space, typically either small fission systems or radioactive decay for electricity or heat.
Spain has five active nuclear power plants with seven reactors producing 21% of the country's electricity as of 2013.
Sweden began research into nuclear energy in 1947 with the establishment of the Atomic Energy Company, which originated in the ongoing military research and development at the Defence Institute FOA.
Nuclear power in Switzerland is generated by four nuclear power plants, with a total of five operational reactors (see list below).
Nuclear power in Taiwan accounts for 5,028 MWe of capacity by means of 3 active plants and 6 reactors, which makes up around 8.1% of its national energy consumption, and 19% of its electricity generation as of 2015.
Thailand has no nuclear power stations.
The Czech Republic operates two nuclear power plants: Temelín and Dukovany.
Nuclear power in the European Union accounted for approximately 15% of total energy consumption in 2005.
Nuclear power was considered as a solution to the 1973 oil crisis, in which the Philippines was affected.
United Arab Emirates is installing nuclear-powered plants to meet their electricity demand, which is estimated to increase from 15 GWe to over 40 GWe in 2020.
Nuclear power in the United Kingdom generates around a quarter of the country's electricity as of 2016, projected to rise to a third by 2035.
Nuclear power in the United States is provided by 99 commercial reactors with a net capacity of 100,350 megawatts (MW), 65 pressurized water reactors and 34 boiling water reactors.
Ukraine operates four nuclear power plants with 15 reactors located in Volhynia and South Ukraine.
A nuclear power phase-out is the discontinuation of usage of nuclear power for energy production.
A nuclear power plant or nuclear power station is a thermal power station in which the heat source is a nuclear reactor.
A nuclear power plant emergency response team (ERT) is an incident response team composed of plant personnel and civil authority personnel specifically trained to respond to the occurrence of an accident at a nuclear power plant.
Although nuclear power is considered a form of low-carbon power, its legal inclusion with renewable energy power sources has been a subject of debate and classification.
Nuclear proliferation is the spread of nuclear weapons, fissionable material, and weapons-applicable nuclear technology and information to nations not recognized as "Nuclear Weapon States" by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT.
A nuclear reactor, formerly known as an atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a self-sustained nuclear chain reaction.
The United States Government Accountability Office reported more than 150 incidents from 2001 to 2006 of nuclear plants not performing within acceptable safety guidelines.
The is an administrative body of the Cabinet of Japan established to ensure nuclear safety in Japan as part of the Ministry of the Environment.
The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is an independent agency of the United States government tasked with protecting public health and safety related to nuclear energy.
Since about 2001 the term nuclear renaissance has been used to refer to a possible nuclear power industry revival, driven by rising fossil fuel prices and new concerns about meeting greenhouse gas emission limits.
Nuclear reprocessing technology was developed to chemically separate and recover fissionable plutonium from spent nuclear fuel.
Nuclear safety is defined by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as "The achievement of proper operating conditions, prevention of accidents or mitigation of accident consequences, resulting in protection of workers, the public and the environment from undue radiation hazards".
Nuclear safety in the United States is governed by federal regulations issued by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC).
Nuclear technology is technology that involves the nuclear reactions of atomic nuclei.
Nuclear terrorism refers to an act of terrorism in which a person or people belonging to a terrorist organization detonates a nuclear device.
Nuclearelectrica is a state-owned company, its shares being held by the Ministry of Economy and Commerce, which has as main objective power generation with the only nuclear power plant in Romania.
OKB Gidropress (ОКБ Гидропресс) is a Russian state construction office which works on the design, analysis, development, and production of nuclear power plant reactors, most notably the VVER range.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to nuclear technology: Nuclear technology – involves the reactions of atomic nuclei.
The Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority پاکستان نيؤكلر ريگيلرٹوى اثھارٹى; Acronym: PNRA), is mandated by Government of Pakistan to regulate use of nuclear energy, radioactive sources and use of ionizing radiations. The mission of PNRA is to protect the public, radiation workers and environment from harmful effects of ionizing radiations by formulating and implementing effective regulations and building a relationship of trust with the licensees and maintain transparency in its actions and decisions. Although, the concept of nuclear regulatory existed in 1965 but it gained full government commission in 2001, with the establishment Nuclear Command Authority. Headquartered in Islamabad, this agency was established in 2001 after President Justice (retired) Rafiq Tarar signed the executive decree "Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority Ordinance No.III" in 2000, and was first opened its operation in 2001.
The pebble-bed reactor (PBR) is a design for a graphite-moderated, gas-cooled nuclear reactor.
The Pembina Institute is a Canadian non-profit think tank focused on energy.
Plutonium is a radioactive chemical element with symbol Pu and atomic number 94.
The polywell is a type of nuclear fusion reactor that uses an electric field to heat ions to fusion conditions.
Pressurized water reactors (PWRs) constitute the large majority of the world's nuclear power plants (notable exceptions being the United Kingdom, Japan, and Canada) and are one of three types of light water reactor (LWR), the other types being boiling water reactors (BWRs) and supercritical water reactors (SCWRs).
In physics, radiation is the emission or transmission of energy in the form of waves or particles through space or through a material medium.
The Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (Säteilyturvakeskus, Strålsäkerhetscentralen), often abbreviated as STUK, is a government agency tasked with nuclear safety and radiation monitoring in Finland.
Radioactive contamination, also called radiological contamination, is the deposition of, or presence of radioactive substances on surfaces or within solids, liquids or gases (including the human body), where their presence is unintended or undesirable (from the International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA - definition).
Radioactive decay (also known as nuclear decay or radioactivity) is the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy (in terms of mass in its rest frame) by emitting radiation, such as an alpha particle, beta particle with neutrino or only a neutrino in the case of electron capture, gamma ray, or electron in the case of internal conversion.
Radioactive waste is waste that contains radioactive material.
A Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG, RITEG) is an electrical generator that uses an array of thermocouples to convert the heat released by the decay of a suitable radioactive material into electricity by the Seebeck effect.
Reaction Time: Climate Change and the Nuclear Option is a book by Professor Ian Lowe which was officially launched by science broadcaster Robyn Williams at the Writers' Festival in Brisbane in September 2007.
A reactor building is a general term for a building that houses a reactor of some type.
A reactor protection system (RPS) is a set of nuclear safety components in a nuclear power plant designed to safely shut down the reactor and prevent the release of radioactive materials.
Reprocessed uranium (RepU) is the uranium recovered from nuclear reprocessing, as done commercially in France, the UK and Japan and by nuclear weapons states' military plutonium production programs.
Resun AG (an acronym from the French REmplacement SUisse Nucléaire, Swiss nuclear replacement) is a company located in Aarau (Switzerland).
Rosenergoatom (Росэнергоатом) is the Russian nuclear power station operations subsidiary of Atomenergoprom.
Floating nuclear power stations (Russian: плавучая атомная теплоэлектростанция малой мощности, ПАТЭС ММ - lit. floating combined heat and power (CHP) low-power nuclear station) are vessels designed by Rosatom.
RWE AG, until 1990: Rheinisch-Westfälisches Elektrizitätswerk AG (Rhenish-Westphalian Power Plant), is a German electric utilities company based in Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia.
is an anti-nuclear organization and campaign in Japan.
The Sizewell nuclear power stations are two nuclear power stations located near the small fishing village of Sizewell in Suffolk, England.
The sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) is a Generation IV reactor project to design an advanced fast neutron reactor.
Sortir du nucléaire (English "Nuclear phase-out") is a French federation of about 800 anti-nuclear groups.
K-19 was one of the first two Soviet submarines of the Project 658 class (NATO reporting name), the first generation nuclear submarine equipped with nuclear ballistic missiles, specifically the R-13 SLBM.
K-27 was the only submarine of Project 645 in the Soviet Navy.
Soviet submarine K-431 (originally the Soviet submarine K-31) was a Soviet nuclear-powered submarine that had a reactor accident on 10 August 1985.
Steam generators are heat exchangers used to convert water into steam from heat produced in a nuclear reactor core.
The supercritical water reactor (SCWR) is a concept Generation IV reactor, mostly designed as light water reactor (LWR) that operates at supercritical pressure (i.e. greater than 22.1 MPa).
A non-binding referendum on nuclear power was held in Sweden on 23 March 1980.
Teollisuuden Voima Oyj (TVO; Industrins Kraft Abp, Industrial Power Corporation) is a Finnish nuclear power company owned by a consortium of power and industrial companies.
Thorium is a weakly radioactive metallic chemical element with symbol Th and atomic number 90.
The Three Mile Island accident occurred on March 28, 1979, in reactor number 2 of Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station (TMI-2) in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, near Harrisburg.
Trawsfynydd nuclear power station is a former Magnox power station situated in Snowdonia National Park in Gwynedd, Wales.
Tritium (or; symbol or, also known as hydrogen-3) is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen.
Unión Fenosa, S.A. was a large Spanish company dedicated to the production and distribution to end users of gas and electricity.
The United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA) is a UK government research organisation responsible for the development of nuclear fusion power.
The United Nations Atomic Energy Commission (UNAEC) was founded on 24 January 1946 by Resolution 1 of the United Nations General Assembly resolution "to deal with the problems raised by the discovery of atomic energy." The General Assembly asked the Commission to "make specific proposals: (a) for extending between all nations the exchange of basic scientific information for peaceful ends; (b) for control of atomic energy to the extent necessary to ensure its use only for peaceful purposes; (c) for the elimination from national armaments of atomic weapons and of all other major weapons adaptable to mass destruction; (d) for effective safeguards by way of inspection and other means to protect complying States against the hazards of violations and evasions." On 14 December 1946, the General Assembly passed a follow-up resolution urging an expeditious completion of the report by the Commission as well as its consideration by the United Nations Security Council.
The United States Atomic Energy Commission, commonly known as the AEC, was an agency of the United States government established after World War II by U.S. Congress to foster and control the peacetime development of atomic science and technology.
Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92.
The uranium mining debate covers the political and environmental controversies of the mining of uranium for use in either nuclear power or nuclear weapons.
Vattenfall is a Swedish power company, wholly owned by the Swedish government.
Vattenfall Europe Nuclear Energy GmbH has ownership in three nuclear power plants in Germany.
The very-high-temperature reactor (VHTR), or high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR), is a Generation IV reactor concept that uses a graphite-moderated nuclear reactor with a once-through uranium fuel cycle.
World energy consumption is the total energy used by the entire human civilization.
The World Information Service on Energy (WISE) is an anti-nuclear group founded in 1978 to be an information and networking center for citizens and organizations concerned about nuclear power, radioactive waste, radiation and sustainable energy issues.
The World Nuclear Association (WNA) is the international organization that promotes nuclear power and supports the companies that comprise the global nuclear industry.
The World Nuclear Industry Status Report is a yearly report that explores the global challenges facing the nuclear power industry.