168 relations: AAGL, Abortion, Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, Adaptation to extrauterine life, African Journal of Reproductive Health, American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Amniocentesis, Amnion, Amniotic fluid, Amniotic sac, Art, Artificial insemination, Assisted reproductive technology, Birth control, Birth defect, Bishop score, Bloody show, Bradley method of natural childbirth, Breastfeeding, Breech birth, British Pregnancy Advisory Service, British Society of Urogynaecologists, Caesarean section, Cardiotocography, Cephalic presentation, Cephalopelvic disproportion, Cervical dilation, Cervical effacement, Cervix, Child care, Childbirth, Childbirth positions, Chorionic villus sampling, Climacteric (journal), Complications of pregnancy, Dermatoses of pregnancy, Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes mellitus and pregnancy, Discipline (academia), Disease, Doula, Eclampsia, Ectopic pregnancy, Egg cell, Embryo, Embryology, Endometrium, European Society of Gynaecological Oncology, Fallopian tube, ..., Family planning, Fertility awareness, Fertility medication, FOGSI, Fundal height, Gestation, Gestational age, Gestational diabetes, Gravidity and parity, Gynaecology, Gynecologic Oncology Group, Gynecological Endocrinology, HCG pregnancy strip test, Healing, Health, Health care, HELLP syndrome, Home birth, Hormone, Human, Human embryogenesis, Human Fertility (Cambridge), Human fertilization, Human Reproduction (journal), Hypertension, Hypertension in Pregnancy (journal), Hypnotherapy, Hysterectomy, Ilium (bone), In vitro fertilisation, International Journal of Fertility, Intrauterine growth restriction, Ipas (organization), Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences, Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, Lactation, Lamaze technique, Large for gestational age, List of ICD-9 codes 630–679: complications of pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium, Live birth (human), Malpractice, Maternal physiological changes in pregnancy, Medicine, Men's role in childbirth, Menopause (journal), Menstrual cycle, Midwife, Miscarriage, Mother, Multiple birth, Natural childbirth, Navel, Nesting instinct, Nonstress test, Nutrition and pregnancy, Obstetric fistula, Obstetric ultrasonography, Obstetrical bleeding, Obstetrical nursing, Obstetrics, Obstetrics & Gynecology (journal), Outline (list), Ovary, Oxytocin, Oxytocin (medication), Pediatrics, Pelvic girdle pain, Pelvimetry, Pelvis, Placenta, Placenta (journal), Placenta praevia, Placental abruption, Position (obstetrics), Postpartum period, Pre-conception counseling, Pre-eclampsia, Pregnancy, Pregnancy test, Prenatal care, Prenatal development, Prenatal nutrition, Prenatal testing, Presentation (obstetrics), Preterm birth, Preventive healthcare, Reproduction (journal), Reproductive Sciences, Rupture of membranes, Science, Sex after pregnancy, Shoulder presentation, Small for gestational age, Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada, Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Pakistan, Specialty (medicine), Sterilization (medicine), Stillbirth, Streptococcus agalactiae, Systemic lupus erythematosus and pregnancy, Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine, The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care, Therapy, Twin, Umbilical cord, Unassisted childbirth, Unintended pregnancy, Uterine contraction, Uterine incarceration, Uterine rupture, Uterus, Vagina, Water birth, Women & Health, Women's medicine in antiquity, 3D ultrasound. Expand index (118 more) » « Shrink index
AAGL (Elevating Gynecologic Surgery) is a professional association of laparoscopic surgeons dedicated to the research and advancement of minimally invasive gynecologic procedures.
Abortion is the ending of pregnancy by removing an embryo or fetus before it can survive outside the uterus.
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica is a peer-reviewed medical journal covering gynecology, female urology, gynecologic oncology, and fertility.
At the end of pregnancy, the fetus must take the journey of childbirth to leave the reproductive mother.
The African Journal of Reproductive Health/La Revue Africaine de la Santé Reproductive is a peer-reviewed public health journal that covers original research on reproductive health in Africa.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists is a professional association of physicians specializing in obstetrics and gynecology in the United States.
The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (AJOG) is a peer reviewed journal of obstetrics and gynecology.
Amniocentesis (also referred to as amniotic fluid test or AFT) is a medical procedure used in prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities and fetal infections, and also for sex determination, in which a small amount of amniotic fluid, which contains fetal tissues, is sampled from the amniotic sac surrounding a developing fetus, and then the fetal DNA is examined for genetic abnormalities.
The amnion is a membrane that closely covers the embryo when first formed.
The amniotic fluid is the protective liquid contained by the amniotic sac of a gravid Amniote.
The amniotic sac, commonly called the bag of waters, sometimes the membranes, is the sac in which the fetus develops in amniotes.
Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks), expressing the author's imaginative, conceptual idea, or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.
Artificial insemination (AI) is the deliberate introduction of sperm into a female's uterus or cervix for the purpose of achieving a pregnancy through in vivo fertilization by means other than sexual intercourse.
Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is the technology used to achieve pregnancy in procedures such as fertility medication, in vitro fertilization and surrogacy.
Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy.
A birth defect, also known as a congenital disorder, is a condition present at birth regardless of its cause.
Bishop score, also Bishop's score, also known as cervix score is a pre-labor scoring system to assist in predicting whether induction of labor will be required.
Bloody show is the passage of a small amount of blood or blood-tinged mucus through the vagina near the end of pregnancy.
The Bradley method of natural childbirth (also known as "husband-coached childbirth") is a method of natural childbirth developed in 1947 by Robert A. Bradley, M.D. (1917–1998) and popularized by his book Husband-Coached Childbirth, first published in 1965.
Breastfeeding, also known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast.
A breech birth occurs when a baby is born bottom first instead of head first.
The British Pregnancy Advisory Service (BPAS) is a British charity whose stated purpose is to support reproductive choice by advocating and providing high quality, affordable services to prevent or end unwanted pregnancies with contraception or by abortion.".
The British Society of Urogynaecologists (BSUG) is a society whose main function is to set and raise standards in urogynaecology by providing guidelines, training, research and clinical meetings (in conjunction with the RCOG).
Caesarean section, also known as C-section or caesarean delivery, is the use of surgery to deliver one or more babies.
Cardiotocography (CTG) is a technical means of recording the fetal heartbeat and the uterine contractions during pregnancy.
A cephalic presentation or head presentation or head-first presentation is a situation at childbirth where the fetus is in a longitudinal lie and the head enters the pelvis first; the most common form of cephalic presentation is the vertex presentation where the occiput is the leading part (the part that first enters the birth canal).
Cephalo-pelvic disproportion exists when the capacity of the pelvis is inadequate to allow the fetus to negotiate the birth canal.
Cervical dilation (or cervical dilatation) is the opening of the cervix, the entrance to the uterus, during childbirth, miscarriage, induced abortion, or gynecological surgery.
Cervical effacement (also called cervical ripening) refers to a thinning of the cervix.
The cervix or cervix uteri (neck of the uterus) is the lower part of the uterus in the human female reproductive system.
Child care, or otherwise known as daycare, is the care and supervision of a child or multiple children at a time.
Childbirth, also known as labour and delivery, is the ending of a pregnancy by one or more babies leaving a woman's uterus by vaginal passage or C-section.
The term childbirth positions (or "maternal birthing position") refers to the physical postures the pregnant mother may assume during the process of childbirth.
Chorionic villus sampling (CVS), sometimes called "chorionic villous sampling" (as "villous" is the adjectival form of the word "villus"), is a form of prenatal diagnosis to determine chromosomal or genetic disorders in the fetus.
Climacteric is a bimonthly peer-reviewed medical journal that covers all aspects of aging in women, especially during the menopause.
Complications of pregnancy are health problems that are caused by pregnancy.
Dermatoses of pregnancy are the inflammatory skin diseases that are specific to women while they are pregnant.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
For pregnant women with diabetes mellitus some particular challenges for both mother and child.
An academic discipline or academic field is a branch of knowledge.
A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
A doula, also known as a birth companion, birth coach or post-birth supporter, is a non-medical person who stays with and assists a woman before, during, or after childbirth, to provide emotional support and physical help if needed.
Eclampsia is the onset of seizures (convulsions) in a woman with pre-eclampsia.
Ectopic pregnancy is a complication of pregnancy in which the embryo attaches outside the uterus.
The egg cell, or ovum (plural ova), is the female reproductive cell (gamete) in oogamous organisms.
An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism.
Embryology (from Greek ἔμβρυον, embryon, "the unborn, embryo"; and -λογία, -logia) is the branch of biology that studies the prenatal development of gametes (sex cells), fertilization, and development of embryos and fetuses.
The endometrium is the inner epithelial layer, along with its mucous membrane, of the mammalian uterus.
The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO) is a Europe-wide society of health care professionals and researchers specializing in the study, prevention, treatment and care of gynaecological cancers.
The Fallopian tubes, also known as uterine tubes or salpinges (singular salpinx), are two very fine tubes lined with ciliated epithelia, leading from the ovaries of female mammals into the uterus, via the uterotubal junction.
Family planning services are defined as "educational, comprehensive medical or social activities which enable individuals, including minors, to determine freely the number and spacing of their children and to select the means by which this may be achieved".
Fertility awareness (FA) refers to a set of practices used to determine the fertile and infertile phases of a woman's menstrual cycle.
Fertility medication, better known as fertility drugs, are drugs which enhance reproductive fertility.
The Federation of Obstetric and Gynaecological Societies of India (FOGSI) is a professional organization representing practitioners of obstetrics and gynecology in India.
Fundal height, or McDonald's rule, is a measure of the size of the uterus used to assess fetal growth and development during pregnancy.
Gestation is the carrying of an embryo or fetus inside viviparous animals.
Gestational age is a measure of the age of a pregnancy which is taken from the woman's last menstrual period (LMP), or the corresponding age of the gestation as estimated by a more accurate method if available.
Gestational diabetes is a condition in which a woman without diabetes develops high blood sugar levels during pregnancy.
In biology and human medicine, gravidity and parity are the number of times a female is or has been pregnant (gravidity) and carried the pregnancies to a viable gestational age (parity).
Gynaecology or gynecology (see spelling differences) is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive systems (vagina, uterus, and ovaries) and the breasts.
The Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) is a non-profit organization funded by the National Cancer Institute with the purpose of supporting research for the prevention and treatment of all gynecologic cancers, such as ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, vulvar cancer, and vaginal cancer.
Gynecological Endocrinology is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering experimental, clinical, and therapeutic aspects of the discipline.
Detection of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) in urine or serum is an easy first method of diagnosis of pregnancy.
Healing (literally meaning to make whole) is the process of the restoration of health from an unbalanced, diseased or damaged organism.
Health is the ability of a biological system to acquire, convert, allocate, distribute, and utilize energy with maximum efficiency.
Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.
HELLP syndrome is a well-known variant of pre-eclampsia pregnancy complication.
A home birth is a birth that takes place in a residence rather than in a hospital or a birth centre.
A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
Human embryogenesis is the process of cell division and cellular differentiation of the embryo that occurs during the early stages of development.
Human Fertility is one of two academic journals with this title.
Human fertilization is the union of a human egg and sperm, usually occurring in the ampulla of the fallopian tube.
Human Reproduction is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all aspects of human reproduction, including reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, preimplantation genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics, and social issues.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
Hypertension in Pregnancy is a quarterly peer-reviewed medical journal covering human and animal hypertension during gestation, including the physiology of circulatory control, pathophysiology, methodology, and therapy.
Hypnotherapy is a type of complementary and alternative medicine in which the mind is used in an attempt to help with a variety of problems, such as breaking bad habits or coping with stress.
Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus.
The ilium (plural ilia) is the uppermost and largest part of the hip bone, and appears in most vertebrates including mammals and birds, but not bony fish.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a process of fertilisation where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro ("in glass").
The International Journal of Fertility is an academic journal devoted to the medical and biological aspects of reproduction.
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) refers to poor growth of a fetus while in the mother's womb during pregnancy.
Ipas is a global non-profit organization that works to increase women's ability to exercise their sexual and reproductive rights, and to end deaths and injuries from unsafe abortion.
The Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences is a peer-reviewed open-access medical journal published on behalf of the Indian Society of Assisted Reproduction.
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine is a peer-reviewed medical journal that covers obstetric, medical, genetic, mental health, and surgical complications of pregnancy and their effects on the mother, fetus, and neonate.
The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology is an international peer-reviewed medical journal that publishes original research and review articles on the entire field of obstetrics and gynecology, with an emphasis on practical applicability.
The Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology is a quarterly peer-reviewed medical journal covering research in obstetrics, gynecology, and psychosomatics that was established in 1982.
Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young.
The Lamaze technique, also known as the psychoprophylactic method or simply Lamaze, started as a prepared childbirth technique popularized in the 1950s by French obstetrician Dr.
Large for gestational age (LGA) is an indication of high prenatal growth rate.
An ICD-9 list of codes for complications of pregnancy.
In human reproduction, a live birth occurs when a fetus, whatever its gestational age, exits the maternal body and subsequently shows any sign of life, such as voluntary movement, heartbeat, or pulsation of the umbilical cord, for however brief a time and regardless of whether the umbilical cord or placenta are intact.
In the law of torts, malpractice, also known as professional negligence, is an "instance of negligence or incompetence on the part of a professional".
Maternal physiological changes in pregnancy are the adaptations during pregnancy that a woman’s body undergoes to accommodate the growing embryo or fetus.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
The role of men in childbirth in the Western world has become more participatory than it was in the past.
Menopause is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering all aspects of gynecology dealing with topics related to menopause.
The menstrual cycle is the regular natural change that occurs in the female reproductive system (specifically the uterus and ovaries) that makes pregnancy possible.
A midwife is a professional in midwifery, specializing in pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum, women's sexual and reproductive health (including annual gynecological exams, family planning, menopausal care and others), and newborn care.
Miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion and pregnancy loss, is the natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is able to survive independently.
A mother is the female parent of a child.
A multiple birth is the culmination of one multiple pregnancy, wherein the mother delivers two or more offspring.
Natural childbirth is childbirth without routine medical interventions, particularly anesthesia.
The navel (clinically known as the umbilicus, colloquially known as the belly button, or tummy button) is a hollowed or sometimes raised area on the abdomen at the attachment site of the umbilical cord.
Nesting behaviour refers to an instinct or urge in pregnant animals caused by the increase of estradiol (E2) to prepare a home for the upcoming newborn(s).
A nonstress test (NST) is a screening test used in pregnancy.
Nutrition and pregnancy refers to the nutrient intake, and dietary planning that is undertaken before, during and after pregnancy.
Obstetric fistula is a medical condition in which a hole develops in the birth canal as a result of childbirth.
Obstetric ultrasonography is the use of medical ultrasonography in pregnancy, in which sound waves are used to create real-time visual images of the developing embryo or fetus in its mother's uterus (womb).
Obstetrical bleeding also known as obstetrical hemorrhage and maternal hemorrhage, refers to heavy bleeding during pregnancy, labor, or the postpartum period.
Obstetrical nursing, also called perinatal nursing, is a nursing specialty that works with patients who are attempting to become pregnant, are currently pregnant, or have recently delivered.
Obstetrics is the field of study concentrated on pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period.
Obstetrics & Gynecology is a peer-reviewed medical journal in the field of obstetrics and gynecology.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
The ovary is an organ found in the female reproductive system that produces an ovum.
Oxytocin (Oxt) is a peptide hormone and neuropeptide.
Oxytocin, sold under the brand name Pitocin among others, is a medication made from the peptide oxytocin.
Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics or pædiatrics) is the branch of medicine that involves the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents.
Pelvic girdle pain (abbreviated PGP) is a pregnancy discomfort that causes pain, instability and limitation of mobility and functioning in any of the three pelvic joints.
Pelvimetry is the measurement of the female pelvis.
The pelvis (plural pelves or pelvises) is either the lower part of the trunk of the human body between the abdomen and the thighs (sometimes also called pelvic region of the trunk) or the skeleton embedded in it (sometimes also called bony pelvis, or pelvic skeleton).
The placenta is an organ that connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, thermo-regulation, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother's blood supply; to fight against internal infection; and to produce hormones which support pregnancy.
Placenta is a peer-reviewed medical journal in the field of obstetrics and gynecology.
Placenta praevia is when the placenta attaches inside the uterus but near or over the cervical opening.
Placental abruption is when the placenta separates early from the uterus, in other words separates before childbirth.
In obstetrics, position is the orientation of the fetus in the womb, identified by the location of the presenting part of the fetus relative to the pelvis of the mother.
A postpartum (or postnatal) period begins immediately after the birth of a child as the mother's body, including hormone levels and uterus size, returns to a non-pregnant state.
Pre-conception counseling (also called pre-conceptual counseling) is a meeting with a health-care professional (generally a physician or midwife) by a woman before attempting to become pregnant.
Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a disorder of pregnancy characterized by the onset of high blood pressure and often a significant amount of protein in the urine.
Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.
A pregnancy test attempts to determine whether or not a woman is pregnant.
Prenatal care, also known as antenatal care, is a type of preventive healthcare.
Prenatal development is the process in which an embryo and later fetus develops during gestation.
Nutrition and weight management before and during:pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants.
Prenatal testing consists of prenatal screening and prenatal diagnosis, which are aspects of prenatal care that focus on detecting problems with the pregnancy as early as possible.
In obstetrics, the presentation of a fetus about to be born refers to which anatomical part of the fetus is leading, that is, is closest to the pelvic inlet of the birth canal.
Preterm birth, also known as premature birth, is the birth of a baby at fewer than 37 weeks gestational age.
Preventive healthcare (alternately preventive medicine, preventative healthcare/medicine, or prophylaxis) consists of measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to disease treatment.
Reproduction is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering the cellular and molecular biology of reproduction, including the development of gametes and early embryos in all species; developmental processes such as cell differentiation, morphogenesis and related regulatory mechanisms in normal and disease models, assisted reproductive technologies in model systems and in a clinical environment, and reproductive endocrinology, immunology and physiology.
Reproductive Sciences is a peer-reviewed medical journal that publishes papers in the fields of obstetrics and gynecology.
Rupture of membranes (ROM) or amniorrhexis is a term used during pregnancy to describe a rupture of the amniotic sac.
R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.
Sex after pregnancy is often delayed for several weeks or months, and may be difficult and painful for women.
A shoulder presentation refers to a malpresentation at childbirth where the baby is in a transverse lie (its vertebral column is perpendicular to that of the mother), thus the leading part (the part that enters first the birth canal) is an arm, shoulder, or the trunk.
Small for gestational age (SGA) newborns are those who are smaller in size than normal for the gestational age, most commonly defined as a weight below the 10th percentile for the gestational age.
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (SOGC) is a national medical society in Canada, representing over 3,000 obstetricians/gynecologists, family physicians, nurses, midwives, and allied health professionals in the field of sexual reproductive health.
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Pakistan (SOGP) is a professional medical association formed by practitioners of obstetrics and gynecology in Pakistan.
A specialty, or speciality, in medicine is a branch of medical practice.
Sterilization (also spelled sterilisation) is any of a number of medical techniques that intentionally leaves a person unable to reproduce.
Stillbirth is typically defined as fetal death at or after 20 to 28 weeks of pregnancy.
Streptococcus agalactiae (also known as group B streptococcus or GBS) is a gram-positive coccus (round bacterium) with a tendency to form chains (as reflected by the genus name Streptococcus).
For women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), pregnancy can present some particular challenges for both mother and child.
Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine is a peer-reviewed medical journal that covers the use of systems approaches including genomic, cellular, proteomic, metabolomic, bioinformatic, molecular, and biochemical, to address fundamental questions in reproductive biology, reproductive medicine, and translational research.
The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care is a peer-reviewed medical journal that covers all areas of contraception and reproductive health.
Therapy (often abbreviated tx, Tx, or Tx) is the attempted remediation of a health problem, usually following a diagnosis.
Twins are two offspring produced by the same pregnancy.
In placental mammals, the umbilical cord (also called the navel string, birth cord or funiculus umbilicalis) is a conduit between the developing embryo or fetus and the placenta.
Unassisted childbirth (UC) refers to the process of intentionally giving birth without the assistance of a medical birth attendant.
Unintended pregnancies are pregnancies that are mistimed, unplanned or unwanted at the time of conception.
A uterine contraction is a muscle contraction of the uterine smooth muscle.
Uterine incarceration is an obstetrical complication whereby a growing retroverted uterus becomes wedged into the pelvis after the first trimester of pregnancy.
Uterine rupture is a serious event during childbirth by which the integrity of the myometrial wall is breached.
The uterus (from Latin "uterus", plural uteri) or womb is a major female hormone-responsive secondary sex organ of the reproductive system in humans and most other mammals.
In mammals, the vagina is the elastic, muscular part of the female genital tract.
Water birth is childbirth that occurs in water.
Women & Health is a peer-reviewed healthcare journal established in 1976.
Childbirth and obstetrics in Classical Antiquity (here meaning the ancient Greco-Roman world) were studied by the physicians of ancient Greece and Rome.
3D ultrasound is a medical ultrasound technique, often used in fetal, cardiac, trans-rectal and intra-vascular applications.