205 relations: Abortion, Absolute monarchy, Academy, Activism, Adam Smith, Affirmative action, Agricultural policy, American politics (political science), Anarchism, Animal rights, Animal testing, Anthropology, Area studies, Aristotle, Arthashastra, Authoritarianism, Bandwagoning, Bribery, Brinkmanship, Buck passing, Capital punishment, Carl von Clausewitz, Censorship, Chanakya, Cloward–Piven strategy, Coalition, Comparative politics, Consent of the governed, Conservatism, Constitutional economics, Corporation, Corporatism, Counter-terrorism, Critical international relations theory, Cronyism, Debate, Democratic peace theory, Development studies, Direct democracy, Disarmament, Domestic policy, Drug policy, Drug policy reform, Economics of corruption, Education policy, Education reform, Egalitarianism, Election, Electoral reform, Electoral system, ..., Enlargement of NATO, Ethics, Fascism, Federalism, Feudalism, Filibuster, Food politics, Foreign policy, Foreign policy analysis, Freedom of speech, Freedom of the press, Functionalism (international relations), Game theory, Geopolitics, Gerrymandering, Globalization, Government, Government simulation game, Group decision-making, Gun control, Health care reform, Health policy, Hegemonic stability theory, History of political science, History of political thought, History of the Peloponnesian War, Idealism in international relations, Ideology, Immigration policy, Immigration reform, Index of sociopolitical thinkers, International relations, International relations theory, Internet censorship, Internet taxes, Islamic state, Israeli–Palestinian conflict, Karl Marx, Land reform, Language policy, Laws (dialogue), Leviathan (Hobbes book), LGBT rights by country or territory, Liberalism, List of political philosophers, List of political scientists, List of political theorists, List of ruling political parties by country, List of years in politics, Lobbying, Local government, Marcus Aurelius, Marxist international relations theory, Medical cannabis, Meditations, Metapolitics, Methodology, Miyamoto Musashi, Music and politics, Nationalism, Nationalism studies, Nazism, Neoliberalism (international relations), Nepotism, Niccolò Machiavelli, Nicomachean Ethics, Night-watchman state, Nuclear proliferation, Nuclear weapons testing, Official statistics, On War, Outline (list), Outline of government, Oxford Handbooks of Political Science, Panchatantra, Patriotism, Peace and conflict studies, Philosophy, Plato, Policy, Policy analysis, Policy studies, Political campaign, Political communication, Political compass, Political corruption, Political criticism, Political economy, Political fiction, Political geography, Political history, Political methodology, Political movement, Political party, Political philosophy, Political psychology, Political science, Political sociology, Political spectrum, Political symbolism, Political system, Politics, Politics (Aristotle), Politics in fiction, Politics of global warming, Positive political theory, Power (international relations), Power (social and political), Power transition theory, Prentice Hall, Propaganda, Psephology, Public administration, Public law, Public policy, Public policy doctrine, Realism (international relations), Religion, Republic (Plato), Right to keep and bear arms, Robert E. Goodin, Rule according to higher law, Same-sex marriage, Security studies, Separation of church and state, Slush fund, Social science, Socialism, Sociology, Sociology of race and ethnic relations, Sovereign state, Sovereignty, Space policy, St. Martin's Press, Starve the beast, Stem cell, Stem cell controversy, Strategic studies, Sun Tzu, Tax reform, Technology and society, Terrorism, The Art of War, The Book of Five Rings, The Communist Manifesto, The Prince, The Wealth of Nations, Theories of political behavior, Thomas Hobbes, Thucydides, Totalitarianism, War, War on Terror, Welfare reform, Workplace politics. Expand index (155 more) » « Shrink index
Abortion is the ending of pregnancy by removing an embryo or fetus before it can survive outside the uterus.
Absolute monarchy, is a form of monarchy in which one ruler has supreme authority and where that authority is not restricted by any written laws, legislature, or customs.
An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership.
Activism consists of efforts to promote, impede, or direct social, political, economic, or environmental reform or stasis with the desire to make improvements in society.
Adam Smith (16 June 1723 NS (5 June 1723 OS) – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era.
Affirmative action, also known as reservation in India and Nepal, positive action in the UK, and employment equity (in a narrower context) in Canada and South Africa, is the policy of protecting members of groups that are known to have previously suffered from discrimination.
Agricultural policy describes a set of laws relating to domestic agriculture and imports of foreign agricultural products.
American politics (or American government) is a field of study within the academic discipline of political science.
Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary institutions.
Animal rights is the idea in which some, or all, non-human animals are entitled to the possession of their own lives and that their most basic interests—such as the need to avoid suffering—should be afforded the same consideration as similar interests of human beings.
Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under study.
Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.
Area studies (also: regional studies) are interdisciplinary fields of research and scholarship pertaining to particular geographical, national/federal, or cultural regions.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
The Arthashastra is an ancient Indian treatise on statecraft, economic policy and military strategy, written in Sanskrit.
Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms.
Bandwagoning in international relations occurs when a state aligns with a stronger, adversarial power and concedes that the stronger adversary-turned-partner disproportionately gains in the spoils they conquer together.
Bribery is the act of giving or receiving something of value in exchange for some kind of influence or action in return, that the recipient would otherwise not alter.
Brinkmanship (also brinksmanship) is the practice of trying to achieve an advantageous outcome by pushing dangerous events to the brink of active conflict.
Buck passing, or passing the buck, is the act of attributing to another person or group, one's own responsibility.
Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime.
Carl Philipp Gottfried (or Gottlieb) von Clausewitz (1 June 1780 – 16 November 1831)Bassford, Christopher (2002).
Censorship is the suppression of speech, public communication, or other information, on the basis that such material is considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or "inconvenient" as determined by government authorities.
Chanakya (IAST:,; fl. c. 4th century BCE) was an Indian teacher, philosopher, economist, jurist and royal advisor.
The Cloward–Piven strategy is a political strategy outlined in 1966 by American sociologists and political activists Richard Cloward and Frances Fox Piven that called for overloading the U.S. public welfare system in order to precipitate a crisis that would lead to a replacement of the welfare system with a national system of "a guaranteed annual income and thus an end to poverty".
The term "coalition" is the denotation for a group formed when two or more persons, faction, states, political parties, militaries etc.
Comparative politics is a field in political science, characterized by an empirical approach based on the comparative method.
In political philosophy, the phrase consent of the governed refers to the idea that a government's legitimacy and moral right to use state power is only justified and lawful when consented to by the people or society over which that political power is exercised.
Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.
Constitutional economics is a research program in economics and constitutionalism that has been described as explaining the choice "of alternative sets of legal-institutional-constitutional rules that constrain the choices and activities of economic and political agents".
A corporation is a company or group of people or an organisation authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.
Corporatism is the organization of a society by corporate groups and agricultural, labour, military or scientific syndicates and guilds on the basis of their common interests.
Counter-terrorism (also spelled counterterrorism) incorporates the practice, military tactics, techniques, and strategy that government, military, law enforcement, business, and intelligence agencies use to combat or prevent terrorism.
Critical international relations theory is a diverse set of schools of thought in international relations (IR) that have criticized the theoretical, meta-theoretical and/or political status quo, both in IR theory and in international politics more broadly — from positivist as well as postpositivist positions.
Cronyism is the practice of partiality in awarding jobs and other advantages to friends, family relatives or trusted colleagues, especially in politics and between politicians and supportive organizations.
Debate is a process that involves formal discussion on a particular topic.
Democratic peace theory is a theory which posits that democracies are hesitant to engage in armed conflict with other identified democracies.
Development studies is an interdisciplinary branch of social science.
Direct democracy or pure democracy is a form of democracy in which people decide on policy initiatives directly.
Disarmament is the act of reducing, limiting, or abolishing weapons.
Domestic policy are administrative decisions that are directly related to all issues and activity within a nation's borders.
A drug policy is the policy, usually of a government, regarding the control and regulation of drugs considered dangerous, particularly those which are addictive.
Drug policy reform, also known as drug law reform, is any proposed changes to the way governments respond to the socio-cultural influence on perception of psychoactive substance use.
Economics of corruption applies economic tools to the analysis of corruption.
Education policy consists of the principles and government policies in the educational sphere as well as the collection of laws and rules that govern the operation of education systems.
Education reform is the name given to the goal of changing public education.
Egalitarianism – or equalitarianism – is a school of thought that prioritizes equality for all people.
An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office.
Electoral reform is change in electoral systems to improve how public desires are expressed in election results.
An electoral system is a set of rules that determines how elections and referendums are conducted and how their results are determined.
Enlargement of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is the process of including new member states in NATO.
Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.
Federalism is the mixed or compound mode of government, combining a general government (the central or 'federal' government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
A filibuster is a political procedure where one or more members of parliament or congress debate over a proposed piece of legislation so as to delay or entirely prevent a decision being made on the proposal.
Food politics are the political aspects of the production, control, regulation, inspection, distribution and consumption of food.
A country's foreign policy, also called foreign relations or foreign affairs policy, consists of self-interest strategies chosen by the state to safeguard its national interests and to achieve goals within its international relations milieu.
Foreign policy analysis (FPA) is a branch of political science dealing with theory development and empirical study regarding the processes and outcomes of foreign policy.
Freedom of speech is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or a community to articulate their opinions and ideas without fear of retaliation, censorship, or sanction.
Freedom of the press or freedom of the media is the principle that communication and expression through various media, including printed and electronic media, especially published materials, should be considered a right to be exercised freely.
Functionalism is a theory of international relations that arose during the inter-War period principally from the strong concern about the obsolescence of the State as a form of social organization.
Game theory is "the study of mathematical models of conflict and cooperation between intelligent rational decision-makers".
Geopolitics (from Greek γῆ gê "earth, land" and πολιτική politikḗ "politics") is the study of the effects of geography (human and physical) on politics and international relations.
Gerrymandering is a practice intended to establish a political advantage for a particular party or group by manipulating district boundaries.
Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
A government simulation or political simulation is a game that attempts to simulate the government and politics of all or part of a nation.
Group decision-making (also known as collaborative decision-making) is a situation faced when individuals collectively make a choice from the alternatives before them.
Gun control (or firearms regulation) is the set of laws or policies that regulate the manufacture, sale, transfer, possession, modification, or use of firearms by civilians.
Health care reform is a general rubric used for discussing major health policy creation or changes—for the most part, governmental policy that affects health care delivery in a given place.
Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific healthcare goals within a society".
Hegemonic stability theory (HST) is a theory of international relations, rooted in research from the fields of political science, economics, and history.
Political science as a separate field is a rather late arrival in terms of social sciences.
The history of political thought dates back to antiquity while the political history of the world and thus the history of political thinking by man stretches up through the Medieval period and the Renaissance.
The History of the Peloponnesian War (Ἱστορίαι, "Histories") is a historical account of the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC), which was fought between the Peloponnesian League (led by Sparta) and the Delian League (led by Athens).
Idealism in foreign policy holds that a state should make its internal political philosophy the goal of its foreign policy.
An Ideology is a collection of normative beliefs and values that an individual or group holds for other than purely epistemic reasons.
An immigration policy is any policy of a state that deals with the transit of people across its borders into the country, but especially those that intend to work and stay in the country.
Immigration reform is change to the current immigration policy of a country.
The following is an index of sociopolitical thinkers listed by the first name.
International relations (IR) or international affairs (IA) — commonly also referred to as international studies (IS) or global studies (GS) — is the study of interconnectedness of politics, economics and law on a global level.
International relations theory is the study of international relations (IR) from a theoretical perspective.
Internet censorship is the control or suppression of what can be accessed, published, or viewed on the Internet enacted by regulators, or on their own initiative.
In 1996, several U.S. states and municipalities began to see Internet services as a potential source of tax revenue.
An Islamic state (دولة إسلامية, dawlah islāmiyyah) is a type of government primarily based on the application of shari'a (Islamic law), dispensation of justice, maintenance of law and order.
The Israeli–Palestinian conflict (Ha'Sikhsukh Ha'Yisraeli-Falestini; al-Niza'a al-Filastini-al-Israili) is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-20th century.
Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
Land reform (also agrarian reform, though that can have a broader meaning) involves the changing of laws, regulations or customs regarding land ownership.
Many countries have a language policy designed to favor or discourage the use of a particular language or set of languages.
The Laws (Greek: Νόμοι, Nómoi; Latin: De Legibus) is Plato's last and longest dialogue.
Leviathan or The Matter, Forme and Power of a Common-Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civil—commonly referred to as Leviathan—is a book written by Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679) and published in 1651 (revised Latin edition 1668). Its name derives from the biblical Leviathan. The work concerns the structure of society and legitimate government, and is regarded as one of the earliest and most influential examples of social contract theory. Leviathan ranks as a classic western work on statecraft comparable to Machiavelli's The Prince. Written during the English Civil War (1642–1651), Leviathan argues for a social contract and rule by an absolute sovereign. Hobbes wrote that civil war and the brute situation of a state of nature ("the war of all against all") could only be avoided by strong, undivided government.
Laws affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people vary greatly by country or territory; everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty as punishment for same-sex romantic/sexual activity or identity.
Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equality.
This is a list of notable political philosophers, including some who may be better known for their work in other areas of philosophy.
This is a list of notable political scientists.
A political theorist is someone who engages in constructing or evaluating political theory, including political philosophy.
This is a list of ruling political parties by country, in the form of a table with a link to an overview of political parties in each country and showing which party system is dominant in each country.
This page indexes the individual year in politics pages.
Lobbying, persuasion, or interest representation is the act of attempting to influence the actions, policies, or decisions of officials in their daily life, most often legislators or members of regulatory agencies.
A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.
Marcus Aurelius (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus; 26 April 121 – 17 March 180 AD) was Roman emperor from, ruling jointly with his adoptive brother, Lucius Verus, until Verus' death in 169, and jointly with his son, Commodus, from 177.
Marxist and Neo-Marxist international relations theories are paradigms which reject the realist/liberal view of state conflict or cooperation, instead focusing on the economic and material aspects.
Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana, is cannabis and cannabinoids that are recommended by doctors for their patients.
Meditations (Ta eis heauton, literally "things to one's self") is a series of personal writings by Marcus Aurelius, Roman Emperor from 161 to 180 AD, recording his private notes to himself and ideas on Stoic philosophy.
Metapolitics (sometimes written meta-politics) is metalinguistic talk about politics; a political dialogue about politics itself.
Methodology is the systematic, theoretical analysis of the methods applied to a field of study.
, also known as Shinmen Takezō, Miyamoto Bennosuke or, by his Buddhist name, Niten Dōraku, was a Japanese swordsman, philosopher, writer and rōnin.
The connection between music and politics, particularly political expression in song, has been seen in many cultures.
Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty (self-governance) over the homeland.
Nationalism studies is an interdisciplinary academic field devoted to the study of nationalism and related issues.
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
In the study of international relations, neoliberalism refers to a school of thought which believes that states are, or at least should be, concerned first and foremost with absolute gains rather than relative gains to other states.
Nepotism is based on favour granted to relatives in various fields, including business, politics, entertainment, sports, religion and other activities.
Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527) was an Italian diplomat, politician, historian, philosopher, humanist, and writer of the Renaissance period.
The Nicomachean Ethics (Ἠθικὰ Νικομάχεια) is the name normally given to Aristotle's best-known work on ethics.
In libertarian political philosophy, a night-watchman state is a model of a state whose only functions are to provide its citizens with the military, the police and courts, thus protecting them from aggression, theft, breach of contract and fraud and enforcing property laws.
Nuclear proliferation is the spread of nuclear weapons, fissionable material, and weapons-applicable nuclear technology and information to nations not recognized as "Nuclear Weapon States" by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT.
Nuclear weapons tests are experiments carried out to determine the effectiveness, yield, and explosive capability of nuclear weapons.
Official statistics are statistics published by government agencies or other public bodies such as international organizations as a public good.
Vom Kriege is a book on war and military strategy by Prussian general Carl von Clausewitz (1780–1831), written mostly after the Napoleonic wars, between 1816 and 1830, and published posthumously by his wife Marie von Brühl in 1832.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to government: Government –.
The Oxford Handbooks of Political Science is a ten-volume set of reference books which provide critical overviews of the state of political science.
The Panchatantra (IAST: Pañcatantra, पञ्चतन्त्र, "Five Treatises") is an ancient Indian work of political philosophy, in the form of a collection of interrelated animal fables in Sanskrit verse and prose, arranged within a frame story.
Patriotism or national pride is the ideology of love and devotion to a homeland, and a sense of alliance with other citizens who share the same values.
Peace and conflict studies is a social science field that identifies and analyzes violent and nonviolent behaviours as well as the structural mechanisms attending conflicts (including social conflicts), with a view towards understanding those processes which lead to a more desirable human condition.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
A policy is a deliberate system of principles to guide decisions and achieve rational outcomes.
Policy Analysis is a technique used in public administration to enable civil servants, activists, and others to examine and evaluate the available options to implement the goals of laws and elected officials.
Policy studies emerged in the United States in the 1960s and 1970s as a subdisicipline of political science.
A political campaign is an organized effort which seeks to influence the decision making process within a specific group.
Political communication(s) is a subfield of communication and political science that is concerned with how information spreads and influences politics and policy makers, the news media and citizens.
The political compass is a multi-axis political model used by the website of the same name to label or organise political thought on two dimensions.
Political corruption is the use of powers by government officials or their network contacts for illegitimate private gain.
Political criticism (also referred to as political commentary or political discussion) is criticism that is specific of or relevant to politics, including policies, politicians, political parties, and types of government.
Political economy is the study of production and trade and their relations with law, custom and government; and with the distribution of national income and wealth.
Political fiction employs narrative to comment on political events, systems and theories.
Political geography is concerned with the study of both the spatially uneven outcomes of political processes and the ways in which political processes are themselves affected by spatial structures.
Political history is the narrative and analysis of political events, ideas, movements, organs of government, voters, parties and leaders.
Political methodology is a subfield of Political science that studies the quantitative methods used to study politics.
In the social sciences, a political movement is a social group that operates together to obtain a political goal, on a local, regional, national, or international scope.
A political party is an organised group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in government.
Political philosophy, or political theory, is the study of topics such as politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law, and the enforcement of laws by authority: what they are, why (or even if) they are needed, what, if anything, makes a government legitimate, what rights and freedoms it should protect and why, what form it should take and why, what the law is, and what duties citizens owe to a legitimate government, if any, and when it may be legitimately overthrown, if ever.
Political psychology is an interdisciplinary academic field dedicated to understanding politics, politicians and political behavior from a psychological perspective.
Political science is a social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, and political behavior.
Political sociology is concerned with the sociological analysis of political phenomena ranging from the State, to civil society, to the family, investigating topics such as citizenship, social movements, and the sources of social power.
A political spectrum is a system of classifying different political positions upon one or more geometric axes that symbolize independent political dimensions.
Political symbolism is symbolism that is used to represent a political standpoint.
A political system is a system of politics and government.
Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.
Politics (Πολιτικά, Politiká) is a work of political philosophy by Aristotle, a 4th-century BC Greek philosopher.
This is a list of fictional stories in which politics features as an important plot element.
The complex politics of global warming results from numerous cofactors arising from the global economy's interdependence on carbon dioxide emitting hydrocarbon energy sources and because is directly implicated in global warming—making global warming a non-traditional environmental challenge.
Positive political theory or explanatory political theory is the study of politics using formal methods such as social choice theory, game theory, and statistical analysis.
Power in international relations is defined in several different ways.
In social science and politics, power is the ability to influence or outright control the behaviour of people.
The Power transition theory is a theory about the cyclical nature of war, in relation to the power in international relations.
Prentice Hall is a major educational publisher owned by Pearson plc.
Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.
Psephology (from Greek psephos ψῆφος, 'pebble', as the Greeks used pebbles as ballots) is a branch of political science which deals with the study and scientific analysis of elections.
Public Administration is the implementation of government policy and also an academic discipline that studies this implementation and prepares civil servants for working in the public service.
Public law is that part of law which governs relationships between individuals and the government, and those relationships between individuals which are of direct concern to society.
Public policy is the principled guide to action taken by the administrative executive branches of the state with regard to a class of issues, in a manner consistent with law and institutional customs.
In private international law, the public policy doctrine or ordre public (lit. Fr. "public order") concerns the body of principles that underpin the operation of legal systems in each state.
Realism is a school of thought in international relations theory, theoretically formalising the Realpolitik statesmanship of early modern Europe.
Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.
The Republic (Πολιτεία, Politeia; Latin: Res Publica) is a Socratic dialogue, written by Plato around 380 BC, concerning justice (δικαιοσύνη), the order and character of the just, city-state, and the just man.
The right to keep and bear arms (often referred to as the right to bear arms) is the people's right to possess weapons (arms) for their own defense, as described in the philosophical and political writings of Aristotle, Cicero, John Locke, Machiavelli, the English Whigs and others.
Robert 'Bob' E. Goodin (born 30 November 1950) is professor of government at the University of Essex and professor of philosophy and social and political theory at the Australian National University.
The rule according to a higher law means that no law may be enforced by the government unless it conforms with certain universal principles (written or unwritten) of fairness, morality, and justice.
Same-sex marriage (also known as gay marriage) is the marriage of a same-sex couple, entered into in a civil or religious ceremony.
__notoc__ Security studies, also known as International security studies, is traditionally held to be an academic sub-field of the wider discipline of international relations.
The separation of church and state is a philosophic and jurisprudential concept for defining political distance in the relationship between religious organizations and the nation state.
A slush fund, also known as a black fund, is a fund or account maintained for corrupt or illegal purposes, especially in the political sphere.
Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
The sociology of race and ethnic relations is the study of social, political, and economic relations between races and ethnicities at all levels of society.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
Sovereignty is the full right and power of a governing body over itself, without any interference from outside sources or bodies.
Space policy is the political decision-making process for, and application of, public policy of a state (or association of states) regarding spaceflight and uses of outer space, both for civilian (scientific and commercial) and military purposes.
"Starving the beast" is a political strategy used by budget hawks to limit government spending by cutting taxes, in order to reduce the federal government’s revenue in an effort to reduce public spending.
Stem cells are biological cells that can differentiate into other types of cells and can divide to produce more of the same type of stem cells.
The stem cell controversy is the consideration of the ethics of research involving the development, use, and destruction of human embryos.
Strategic studies is an interdisciplinary academic field centered on the study of conflict and peace strategies, often devoting special attention to the relationship between international politics, geostrategy, international diplomacy, international economics, and military power.
Sun Tzu (also rendered as Sun Zi; 孫子) was a Chinese general, military strategist, writer, and philosopher who lived in the Eastern Zhou period of ancient China.
Tax reform is the process of changing the way taxes are collected or managed by the government and is usually undertaken to improve tax administration or to provide economic or social benefits.
Technology society and life or technology and culture refers to cyclical co-dependence, co-influence, and co-production of technology and society upon the other (technology upon culture, and vice versa).
Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror among masses of people; or fear to achieve a financial, political, religious or ideological aim.
The Art of War is an ancient Chinese military treatise dating from the Spring and Autumn period.
is a text on kenjutsu and the martial arts in general, written by the Japanese swordsman Miyamoto Musashi around 1645.
The Communist Manifesto (originally Manifesto of the Communist Party) is an 1848 political pamphlet by German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
The Prince (Il Principe) is a 16th-century political treatise by the Italian diplomat and political theorist Niccolò Machiavelli.
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, generally referred to by its shortened title The Wealth of Nations, is the magnum opus of the Scottish economist and moral philosopher Adam Smith.
Theories of political behavior, as an aspect of political science, attempt to quantify and explain the influences that define a person's political views, ideology, and levels of political participation.
Thomas Hobbes (5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679), in some older texts Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury, was an English philosopher who is considered one of the founders of modern political philosophy.
Thucydides (Θουκυδίδης,, Ancient Attic:; BC) was an Athenian historian and general.
Benito Mussolini Totalitarianism is a political concept where the state recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to control every aspect of public and private life wherever feasible.
War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.
The War on Terror, also known as the Global War on Terrorism, is an international military campaign that was launched by the United States government after the September 11 attacks in the United States in 2001.
Welfare reforms are changes in the operation of a given welfare system, with the goals of reducing the number of individuals dependent on government assistance, keeping the welfare systems affordable, and assisting recipients in becoming more self-sufficient.
Workplace politics is the process and behavior in human interactions involving power and authority.
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