289 relations: Accounting, Aesthetics, Anthropological linguistics, Anthropology, Anthropology of religion, Anthrozoology, Applied anthropology, Applied linguistics, Applied psychology, Archaeology, Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Economics, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Social Science, Behavioral economics, Behavioral geography, Behavioral neuroscience, Behaviorism, Biogeography, Biolinguistics, Biological anthropology, Business studies, Children's geographies, Civics, Climatology, Clinical linguistics, Clinical psychology, Coastal geography, Cognitive linguistics, Cognitive psychology, Cognitive science, Communication studies, Community psychology, Comparative economic systems, Comparative linguistics, Comparative politics, Computational economics, Computational linguistics, Consumer behaviour, Counseling psychology, Criminology, Critical geography, Cultural anthropology, Cultural geography, Cultural psychology, Cultural studies, Demography, Development economics, Development geography, Development studies, ..., Developmental linguistics, Developmental psychology, Dialectology, Dialectometry, Diplomatic history, Discipline (academia), Discourse analysis, Ecological economics, Econometrics, Economic geography, Economic history, Economic methodology, Economic sociology, Economic statistics, Economics, Ecosystem services, Educational psychology, Electoral system, Energy economics, Entrepreneurial economics, Environmental economics, Environmental planning, Ethnobiology, Ethnobotany, Ethnography, Ethnology, Ethnopoetics, Etymology, Evolutionary anthropology, Evolutionary economics, Evolutionary linguistics, Evolutionary psychology, Experimental archaeology, Experimental economics, Experimental psychology, Feminist economics, Feminist geography, Finance, Financial economics, Forensic linguistics, Forensic psychology, Game theory, Gender studies, Geodesy, Geolinguistics, Geomorphology, Geopolitics, Gerontology, Glaciology, Green economy, Health geography, Health psychology, Heterodox economics, Historical archaeology, Historical geography, Historical linguistics, Historiography, History of anthropology, History of archaeology, History of communication studies, History of criminal justice, History of economic thought, History of education, History of geography, History of journalism, History of linguistics, History of political science, History of psychology, History of social work, History of sociology, History of sustainability, History of the social sciences, Human geography, Human resource management, Humanistic psychology, Hydrography, Industrial and organizational psychology, Industrial organization, Industrial relations, Information science, Institutional economics, Integrated geography, International economics, International relations, International relations theory, International studies, Islamic economics, John L. Heilbron, Knowledge, Labour economics, Landscape ecology, Language acquisition, Law and economics, Legal history, Legal management, Legal psychology, Lexis (linguistics), Limnology, Linguistic anthropology, Linguistic typology, List of anthropologists, List of business theorists, List of developmental psychologists, List of economists, List of educational psychologists, List of geographers, List of political scientists, List of psychologists, List of social psychologists, List of social science journals, List of socialist economists, List of sociologists, List of urban planners, List of urban theorists, Macroeconomics, Management, Managerial economics, Marketing, Marxist geography, Mathematical economics, Mathematics, Media psychology, Media studies, Medical anthropology, Merriam-Webster, Metaphysics, Microeconomics, Military geography, Military psychology, Monetary economics, Morphology (linguistics), Music therapy, Natural resource economics, Neoclassical economics, Neuroeconomics, Neurolinguistics, Neuropsychology, Occupational health psychology, Oceanography, Open and closed systems in social science, Organizational studies, Orthography, Outline (list), Outline of applied science, Outline of archaeology, Outline of business management, Outline of cartography, Outline of Earth sciences, Outline of economics, Outline of education, Outline of environmental studies, Outline of epistemology, Outline of ethics, Outline of geography, Outline of history, Outline of hydrology, Outline of law, Outline of library science, Outline of linguistics, Outline of logic, Outline of natural science, Outline of philosophy, Outline of physical science, Outline of political science, Outline of psychology, Outline of science, Outline of sociology, Palaeogeography, Paleoclimatology, Pedology, Personality psychology, Philology, Philosophy of education, Philosophy of information, Philosophy of language, Philosophy of mathematics, Philosophy of mind, Philosophy of science, Philosophy of social science, Phonetics, Phonology, Phraseology, Physical geography, Political economy, Political geography, Political philosophy, Political psychology, Population geography, Pragmatics, Psephology, Psycholinguistics, Psychological anthropology, Psychological testing, Psychology of religion, Psychometrics, Psychophysics, Public administration, Public economics, Public finance, Public health, Public policy, Real estate economics, Regional geography, Regional planning, Rural sociology, School psychology, Science, Semantics, Sensation (psychology), Social geography, Social philosophy, Social science, Social work, Socialist economics, Socioeconomics, Sociolinguistics, Speech science, Speech-language pathology, Sport psychology, Strategic geography, Stylistics, Sustainability studies, Sustainable agriculture, Sustainable development, Syntax, Systems psychology, Thermoeconomics, Time geography, Time series, Tourism geography, Traffic psychology, Transport economics, Universe, Urban geography, Urban planning, Urban sociology, Welfare economics, Writing, Zooarchaeology. 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Accounting or accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial information about economic entities such as businesses and corporations.
Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.
Anthropological linguistics is the subfield of linguistics and anthropology, which deals with the place of language in its wider social and cultural context, and its role in making and maintaining cultural practices and societal structures.
Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.
Anthropology of religion is the study of religion in relation to other social institutions, and the comparison of religious beliefs and practices across cultures.
Anthrozoology (also known as human–non-human-animal studies, or HAS) is the subset of ethnobiology that deals with interactions between humans and other animals.
Applied anthropology refers to the application of the method and theory of anthropology to the analysis and solution of practical problems.
Applied linguistics is an interdisciplinary field of linguistics which identifies, investigates, and offers solutions to language-related real-life problems.
Applied psychology is the use of psychological methods and findings of scientific psychology to solve practical problems of human and animal behavior and experience.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
A Bachelor of Arts (BA or AB, from the Latin baccalaureus artium or artium baccalaureus) is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both.
The Bachelor of Economics (BEc or BEcon) is a three-year academic degree in the social sciences encompassing both qualitiative and quantitative courses.
A Bachelor of Science (Latin Baccalaureus Scientiae, B.S., BS, B.Sc., BSc, or B.Sc; or, less commonly, S.B., SB, or Sc.B., from the equivalent Latin Scientiae Baccalaureus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for completed courses that generally last three to five years, or a person holding such a degree.
The academic undergraduate degree of Bachelor of Social Science (B.Soc.Sc. or B.Soc.Sci.) requires three to four years of study at an institution of higher education, primarily found in the Commonwealth of Nations.
Behavioral economics studies the effects of psychological, cognitive, emotional, cultural and social factors on the economic decisions of individuals and institutions and how those decisions vary from those implied by classical theory.
Behavioral geography is an approach to human geography that examines human behavior using a disaggregate approach.
Behavioral neuroscience, also known as biological psychology, biopsychology, or psychobiology, Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary is the application of the principles of biology to the study of physiological, genetic, and developmental mechanisms of behavior in humans and other animals.
Behaviorism (or behaviourism) is a systematic approach to understanding the behavior of humans and other animals.
Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time.
Biolinguistics is the study of the biology and evolution of language.
Biological anthropology, also known as physical anthropology, is a scientific discipline concerned with the biological and behavioral aspects of human beings, their related non-human primates and their extinct hominin ancestors.
Business Studies is an academic subject taught in schools and at university level in many countries.
Children's geographies is an area of study within human geography and Childhood studies which involves researching the places and spaces of children's lives.
Civics is the study of the theoretical, political and practical aspects of citizenship, as well as its rights and duties; the duties of citizens to each other as members of a political body and to the government.
Climatology (from Greek κλίμα, klima, "place, zone"; and -λογία, -logia) or climate science is the scientific study of climate, scientifically defined as weather conditions averaged over a period of time.
Clinical Linguistics is a sub-discipline of linguistics that involves the application of linguistic theory to the field of Speech-Language Pathology.
Clinical psychology is an integration of science, theory and clinical knowledge for the purpose of understanding, preventing, and relieving psychologically-based distress or dysfunction and to promote subjective well-being and personal development.
Coastal geography is the study of the constantly changing region between the ocean and the land, incorporating both the physical geography (i.e. coastal geomorphology, geology and oceanography) and the human geography (sociology and history) of the coast.
Cognitive linguistics (CL) is an interdisciplinary branch of linguistics, combining knowledge and research from both psychology and linguistics.
Cognitive psychology is the study of mental processes such as "attention, language use, memory, perception, problem solving, creativity, and thinking".
Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary, scientific study of the mind and its processes.
Communication studies or communication sciences is an academic discipline that deals with processes of human communication.
Community psychology studies the individuals' contexts within communities and the wider society,Jim Orford, Community Psychology: Challenges, Controversies and Emerging Consensus, John Wiley and Sons, 2008 and the relationships of the individual to communities and society.
Comparative economic systems is the subfield of economics dealing with the comparative study of different systems of economic organization, such as capitalism, socialism, feudalism and the mixed economy.
Comparative linguistics (originally comparative philology) is a branch of historical linguistics that is concerned with comparing languages to establish their historical relatedness.
Comparative politics is a field in political science, characterized by an empirical approach based on the comparative method.
Computational economics is a research discipline at the interface of computer science, economics, and management science.
Computational linguistics is an interdisciplinary field concerned with the statistical or rule-based modeling of natural language from a computational perspective, as well as the study of appropriate computational approaches to linguistic questions.
Consumer behaviour is the study of individuals, groups, or organizations and all the activities associated with the purchase, use and disposal of goods and services, including the consumer's emotional, mental and behavioural responses that precede or follow these activities.
Counseling psychology is a psychological specialty that encompasses research and applied work in several broad domains: counseling process and outcome; supervision and training; career development and counseling; and prevention and health.
Criminology (from Latin crīmen, "accusation" originally derived from the Ancient Greek verb "krino" "κρίνω", and Ancient Greek -λογία, -logy|-logia, from "logos" meaning: “word,” “reason,” or “plan”) is the scientific study of the nature, extent, management, causes, control, consequences, and prevention of criminal behavior, both on the individual and social levels.
Critical geography is theoretically informed geographical scholarship that seeks for social justice, liberation, and Leftist politics.
Cultural anthropology is a branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation among humans.
Cultural geography is a subfield within human geography.
Cultural psychology is the study of how cultures reflect and shape the psychological processes of their members.
Cultural studies is a field of theoretically, politically, and empirically engaged cultural analysis that concentrates upon the political dynamics of contemporary culture, its historical foundations, defining traits, conflicts, and contingencies.
Demography (from prefix demo- from Ancient Greek δῆμος dēmos meaning "the people", and -graphy from γράφω graphō, implies "writing, description or measurement") is the statistical study of populations, especially human beings.
Development economics is a branch of economics which deals with economic aspects of the development process in low income countries.
Development geography is a branch of geography which refers to the standard of living and its quality of life of its human inhabitants.
Development studies is an interdisciplinary branch of social science.
Developmental linguistics is the study of the development of linguistic ability in an individual, particularly the acquisition of language in childhood.
Developmental psychology is the scientific study of how and why human beings change over the course of their life.
Dialectology (from Greek διάλεκτος, dialektos, "talk, dialect"; and -λογία, -logia) is the scientific study of linguistic dialect, a sub-field of sociolinguistics.
Dialectometry is the quantitative and computational branch of dialectology, the study of dialect.
Diplomatic history deals with the history of international relations between states.
An academic discipline or academic field is a branch of knowledge.
Discourse analysis (DA), or discourse studies, is a general term for a number of approaches to analyze written, vocal, or sign language use, or any significant semiotic event.
Ecological economics (also called eco-economics, ecolonomy or bioeconomics of Georgescu-Roegen) is both a transdisciplinary and an interdisciplinary field of academic research addressing the interdependence and coevolution of human economies and natural ecosystems, both intertemporally and spatially.
Econometrics is the application of statistical methods to economic data and is described as the branch of economics that aims to give empirical content to economic relations.
Economic geography is the study of the location, distribution and spatial organization of economic activities across the world.
Economic history is the study of economies or economic phenomena of the past.
Economic methodology is the study of methods, especially the scientific method, in relation to economics, including principles underlying economic reasoning.
Economic sociology is the study of the social cause and effect of various economic phenomena.
Economic statistics is a topic in applied statistics that concerns the collection, processing, compilation, dissemination, and analysis of economic data.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
Ecosystem services are the many and varied benefits that humans freely gain from the natural environment and from properly-functioning ecosystems.
Educational psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of human learning.
An electoral system is a set of rules that determines how elections and referendums are conducted and how their results are determined.
Energy economics is a broad scientific subject area which includes topics related to supply and use of energy in societies.
Entrepreneurial economics is the study of the entrepreneur and entrepreneurship within the economy.
Environmental economics is a sub-field of economics that is concerned with environmental issues.
Environmental planning is the process of facilitating decision making to carry out land development with the consideration given to the natural environment, social, political, economic and governance factors and provides a holistic framework to achieve sustainable outcomes.
Ethnobiology is the scientific study of the way living things are treated or used by different human cultures.
Ethnobotany is the study of a region's plants and their practical uses through the traditional knowledge of a local culture and people.
Ethnography (from Greek ἔθνος ethnos "folk, people, nation" and γράφω grapho "I write") is the systematic study of people and cultures.
Ethnology (from the Greek ἔθνος, ethnos meaning "nation") is the branch of anthropology that compares and analyzes the characteristics of different peoples and the relationship between them (cf. cultural, social, or sociocultural anthropology).
Ethnopoetics is a method of recording text versions of oral poetry or narrative performances (i.e. verbal lore) that uses poetic lines, verses, and stanzas (instead of prose paragraphs) to capture the formal, poetic performance elements which would otherwise be lost in the written texts.
EtymologyThe New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p. 633 "Etymology /ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/ the study of the class in words and the way their meanings have changed throughout time".
Evolutionary anthropology is the interdisciplinary study of the evolution of human physiology and human behaviour and the relation between hominids and non-hominid primates.
Evolutionary economics is part of mainstream economics as well as a heterodox school of economic thought that is inspired by evolutionary biology.
Evolutionary linguistics is a subfield of psycholinguistics that studies the psychosocial and cultural factors involved in the origin of language and the development of linguistic universals.
Evolutionary psychology is a theoretical approach in the social and natural sciences that examines psychological structure from a modern evolutionary perspective.
Experimental archaeology (also called experiment archaeology and experiential archaeology) is a field of study which attempts to generate and test archaeological hypotheses, usually by replicating or approximating the feasibility of ancient cultures performing various tasks or feats.
Experimental economics is the application of experimental methods to study economic questions.
Experimental psychology refers to work done by those who apply experimental methods to psychological study and the processes that underlie it.
Feminist economics is the critical study of economics including its methodology, epistemology, history and empirical research, attempting to overcome alleged androcentric (male and patriarchal) biases.
Feminist geography is an approach in human geography which applies the theories, methods and critiques of feminism to the study of the human environment, society and geographical space.
Finance is a field that is concerned with the allocation (investment) of assets and liabilities (known as elements of the balance statement) over space and time, often under conditions of risk or uncertainty.
Financial economics is the branch of economics characterized by a "concentration on monetary activities", in which "money of one type or another is likely to appear on both sides of a trade".
Forensic linguistics, legal linguistics, or language and the law, is the application of linguistic knowledge, methods and insights to the forensic context of law, language, crime investigation, trial, and judicial procedure.
Forensic psychology is the intersection between psychology and the justice system.
Game theory is "the study of mathematical models of conflict and cooperation between intelligent rational decision-makers".
Gender studies is a field for interdisciplinary study devoted to gender identity and gendered representation as central categories of analysis.
Geodesy, also known as geodetics, is the earth science of accurately measuring and understanding three of Earth's fundamental properties: its geometric shape, orientation in space, and gravitational field.
Geolinguistics has been identified by some as being a branch of linguistics and by others as being an offshoot of language geography which is further defined in terms of being a branch of human geography.
Geomorphology (from Ancient Greek: γῆ, gê, "earth"; μορφή, morphḗ, "form"; and λόγος, lógos, "study") is the scientific study of the origin and evolution of topographic and bathymetric features created by physical, chemical or biological processes operating at or near the Earth's surface.
Geopolitics (from Greek γῆ gê "earth, land" and πολιτική politikḗ "politics") is the study of the effects of geography (human and physical) on politics and international relations.
Gerontology is the study of the social, cultural, psychological, cognitive, and biological aspects of ageing.
Glaciology (from Latin: glacies, "frost, ice", and Ancient Greek: λόγος, logos, "subject matter"; literally "study of ice") is the scientific study of glaciers, or more generally ice and natural phenomena that involve ice.
The green economy is defined as an economy that aims at reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities, and that aims for sustainable development without degrading the environment.
Health geography is the application of geographical information, perspectives, and methods to the study of health, disease, and health care.
Health psychology is the study of psychological and behavioral processes in health, illness, and healthcare.
Heterodoxy is a term that may be used in contrast with orthodoxy in schools of economic thought or methodologies, that may be beyond neoclassical economics.
Historical archaeology is a form of archaeology dealing with places, things, and issues from the past or present when written records and oral traditions can inform and contextualize cultural material.
Historical geography is the branch of geography that studies the ways in which geographic phenomena have changed over time.
Historical linguistics, also called diachronic linguistics, is the scientific study of language change over time.
Historiography is the study of the methods of historians in developing history as an academic discipline, and by extension is any body of historical work on a particular subject.
History of anthropology in this article refers primarily to the 18th- and 19th-century precursors of modern anthropology.
Archaeology is the study of human activity in the past, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that they have left behind, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts (also known as eco-facts) and cultural landscapes (the archaeological record).
Various aspects of communication have been the subject of study since ancient times, and the approach eventually developed into the academic discipline known today as communication studies.
Throughout the history of criminal justice, evolving forms of punishment, added rights for offenders and victims, and policing reforms have reflected changing customs, political ideals, and economic conditions.
The history of economic thought deals with different thinkers and theories in the subject that became political economy and economics, from the ancient world to the present day in the 21st Century.
The systematic provision of learning techniques to most children, such as literacy, has been a development of the last 150 or 200 years, or even last 50 years in some countries.
The history of geography includes many histories of geography which have differed over time and between different cultural and political groups.
The history of journalism, or the development of the gathering and transmitting of news spans the growth of technology and trade, marked by the advent of specialized techniques for gathering and disseminating information on a regular basis that has caused, as one history of journalism surmises, the steady increase of "the scope of news available to us and the speed with which it is transmitted.
Linguistics, as a study, endeavors to describe and explain the human faculty of language.
Political science as a separate field is a rather late arrival in terms of social sciences.
Today, psychology is defined as "the scientific study of behavior and mental processes." Philosophical interest in the mind and behavior dates back to the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Persia, Greece, China, and India.
Social work has its roots in the attempts of society at large to deal with the problem of poverty and inequality.
Sociology as a scholarly discipline emerged primarily out of enlightenment thought, shortly after the French Revolution, as a positivist science of society.
The history of sustainability traces human-dominated ecological systems from the earliest civilizations to the present.
The history of the social sciences has origin in the common stock of Western philosophy and shares various precursors, but began most intentionally in the early 19th century with the positivist philosophy of science.
Human geography is the branch of geography that deals with the study of people and their communities, cultures, economies, and interactions with the environment by studying their relations with and across space and place.
Human resource management (HRM or HR) is the strategic approach to the effective management of organization workers so that they help the business gain a competitive advantage, Commonly referred to as the HR Department, it is designed to maximize employee performance in service of an employer's strategic objectives.
Humanistic psychology is a psychological perspective that rose to prominence in the mid-20th century in answer to the limitations of Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory and B. F. Skinner's behaviorism.
Hydrography is the branch of applied sciences which deals with the measurement and description of the physical features of oceans, seas, coastal areas, lakes and rivers, as well as with the prediction of their change over time, for the primary purpose of safety of navigation and in support of all other marine activities, including economic development, security and defence, scientific research, and environmental protection.
Industrial and organizational psychology (I/O psychology), which is also known as occupational psychology, organizational psychology, and work and organizational psychology, is an applied discipline within psychology.
In economics, industrial organization or industrial economy is a field that builds on the theory of the firm by examining the structure of (and, therefore, the boundaries between) firms and markets.
Industrial relations is a multidisciplinary field that studies the employment relationship.
Information science is a field primarily concerned with the analysis, collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval, movement, dissemination, and protection of information.
Institutional economics focuses on understanding the role of the evolutionary process and the role of institutions in shaping economic behaviour.
Integrated geography (also referred to as integrative geography, environmental geography or human–environment geography) is the branch of geography that describes and explains the spatial aspects of interactions between human individuals or societies and their natural environment.
International economics is concerned with the effects upon economic activity from international differences in productive resources and consumer preferences and the international institutions that affect them.
International relations (IR) or international affairs (IA) — commonly also referred to as international studies (IS) or global studies (GS) — is the study of interconnectedness of politics, economics and law on a global level.
International relations theory is the study of international relations (IR) from a theoretical perspective.
International Studies (IS) generally refers to the specific university degrees and courses which are concerned with the study of ‘the major political, economic, social, and cultural issues that dominate the international agenda’.
Islamic economics (الاقتصاد الإسلامي) is a term used to refer to Islamic commercial jurisprudence (فقه المعاملات, fiqh al-mu'āmalāt).
John Lewis Heilbron (born 17 March 1934, San Francisco) is an American historian of science best known for his work in the history of physics and the history of astronomy.
Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning.
Labour economics seeks to understand the functioning and dynamics of the markets for wage labour.
Landscape ecology is the science of studying and improving relationships between ecological processes in the environment and particular ecosystems.
Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language, as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate.
Law and economics or economic analysis of law is the application of economic theory (specifically microeconomic theory) to the analysis of law that began mostly with scholars from the Chicago school of economics.
Legal history or the history of law is the study of how law has evolved and why it changed.
Legal management (also offered as: legal studies, or paralegal studies) is an academic and professional discipline that is a hybrid between the study of law and management (i.e. business administration, public administration, etc.). It is generally considered as the best preparatory law program for those who aspire to become members of a bar.
Legal psychology involves empirical, psychological research of the law, legal institutions, and people who come into contact with the law.
In generative linguistics, a lexis or lexicon is the complete set of all possible words in a language (vocabulary).
Limnology (from Greek λίμνη, limne, "lake" and λόγος, logos, "knowledge"), is the study of inland aquatic ecosystems.
Linguistic anthropology is the interdisciplinary study of how language influences social life.
Linguistic typology is a field of linguistics that studies and classifies languages according to their structural and functional features.
This is an annotated list of important business writers.
The following is a list of academicians, both past and present, who are widely renowned for their groundbreaking contributions to the field of developmental psychology.
This is an incomplete alphabetical list by surname of notable economists, experts in the social science of economics, past and present.
The following is a list of academicians, both past and present, who are widely renowned for their groundbreaking contributions to the field of educational psychology.
This list of geographers is presented in English alphabetical transliteration order (by surnames).
This is a list of notable political scientists.
This list includes notable psychologists and contributors to psychology, some of whom may not have thought of themselves primarily as psychologists but are included here because of their important contributions to the discipline.
The following is a list of academicians, both past and present, who are widely renowned for their groundbreaking contributions to the field of social psychology.
The following is a partial list of social science journals, including history and area studies.
This article lists notable socialist economists and political economists.
This is a list of sociologists.
List of urban planners chronological by initial year of plan.
This is a list of urban theorists notable in their field, in alphabetical order.
Macroeconomics (from the Greek prefix makro- meaning "large" and economics) is a branch of economics dealing with the performance, structure, behavior, and decision-making of an economy as a whole.
Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body.
Managerial economics deals with the application of the economic concepts,theories,tools and methodologies to solve practical problems in a business.it helps the manager in decision making and acts as a link between practice and theory".
Marketing is the study and management of exchange relationships.
Marxist geography is a strand of critical geography that uses the theories and philosophy of Marxism to examine the spatial relations of human geography.
Mathematical economics is the application of mathematical methods to represent theories and analyze problems in economics.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
Media psychology is the branch of psychology that focuses on the interaction of human behavior and media and technology.
Media studies is a discipline and field of study that deals with the content, history, and effects of various media; in particular, the mass media.
Medical anthropology studies "human health and disease, health care systems, and biocultural adaptation".
Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.
Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of being, existence, and reality.
Microeconomics (from Greek prefix mikro- meaning "small") is a branch of economics that studies the behavior of individuals and firms in making decisions regarding the allocation of scarce resources and the interactions among these individuals and firms.
Military geography is a sub-field of geography that is used by the military, as well as academics and politicians, to understand the geopolitical sphere through the military lens.
Military psychology is the research, design and application of psychological theories and empirical data towards understanding, predicting, and countering behaviours either in friendly or enemy forces or the civilian population that may be undesirable, threatening or potentially dangerous to the conduct of military operations.
Monetary economics is a branch of economics that provides a framework for analyzing money in its functions as a medium of exchange, store of value, and unit of account.
In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.
Music therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program.
Natural resource economics deals with the supply, demand, and allocation of the Earth's natural resources.
Neoclassical economics is an approach to economics focusing on the determination of goods, outputs, and income distributions in markets through supply and demand.
Neuroeconomics and Economic Psychology is an interdisciplinary field that seeks to explain human decision making, the ability to process multiple alternatives and to follow a course of action.
Neurolinguistics is the study of the neural mechanisms in the human brain that control the comprehension, production, and acquisition of language.
Neuropsychology is the study of the structure and function of the brain as they relate to specific psychological processes and behaviours.
Occupational health psychology (OHP) is an interdisciplinary area of psychology that is concerned with the health and safety of workers.
Oceanography (compound of the Greek words ὠκεανός meaning "ocean" and γράφω meaning "write"), also known as oceanology, is the study of the physical and biological aspects of the ocean.
Ludwig Bertalanffy describes two types of systems: open systems and closed systems.
Organizational studies is "the examination of how individuals construct organizational structures, processes, and practices and how these, in turn, shape social relations and create institutions that ultimately influence people", organizational studies comprise different areas that deal with the different aspects of the organizations, many of the approaches are functionalist but critical research also provide alternative frame for understanding in the field.
An orthography is a set of conventions for writing a language.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to applied science, which is the branch of science that applies existing scientific knowledge to develop more practical applications, including inventions and other technological advancements.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to archaeology: Archaeology – study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation, and analysis of material remains and environmental data, including architecture, artifacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to management: Business management – management of a business.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to cartography: Cartography (also called mapmaking) – study and practice of making and using maps or globes.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Earth science: Earth science – all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to economics: Economics – analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to education: Education – in the general sense is any act or experience that has a formative effect on the mind, character, or physical ability of an individual.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to environmental studies: Environmental studies –.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to epistemology: Epistemology or theory of knowledge – branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to ethics: Ethics – major branch of philosophy, encompassing right conduct and good life.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to geography: Geography – study of earth and its people.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to history: History – discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to hydrology: Hydrology – study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including the hydrologic cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to law: Law – is the set of rules and principles (laws) by which a society is governed, through enforcement by governmental authorities.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to library science: Library science – study of issues related to libraries and the information fields.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to linguistics: Linguistics is the scientific study of natural language.
Logic is the formal science of using reason and is considered a branch of both philosophy and mathematics.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to natural science: Natural science – a major branch of science that tries to explain, and predict, nature's phenomena based on empirical evidence.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to philosophy: Philosophy – study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
Physical science is a branch of natural science that studies non-living systems, in contrast to life science.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to politics and political science: Politics – the exercise of power; process by which groups of people make collective decisions.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to psychology: Psychology is the science of behavior and mental processes.
The following outline is provided as a topical overview of science: Science – the systematic effort of acquiring knowledge—through observation and experimentation coupled with logic and reasoning to find out what can be proved or not proved—and the knowledge thus acquired.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the discipline of sociology: Sociology – the study of society using various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to understand human social activity, from the micro level of individual agency and interaction to the macro level of systems and social structure.
Palaeogeography (or paleogeography) is the study of historical geography, generally physical landscapes.
Paleoclimatology (in British spelling, palaeoclimatology) is the study of changes in climate taken on the scale of the entire history of Earth.
Pedology (from Greek: πέδον, pedon, "soil"; and λόγος, logos, "study") is the study of soils in their natural environment.
Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that studies personality and its variation among individuals.
Philology is the study of language in oral and written historical sources; it is a combination of literary criticism, history, and linguistics.
Philosophy of education can refer either to the application of philosophy to the problem of education, examining definitions, goals and chains of meaning used in education by teachers, administrators or policymakers.
The philosophy of information (PI) is a branch of philosophy that studies topics relevant to computer science, information science and information technology.
Philosophy of language explores the relationship between language and reality.
The philosophy of mathematics is the branch of philosophy that studies the assumptions, foundations, and implications of mathematics, and purports to provide a viewpoint of the nature and methodology of mathematics, and to understand the place of mathematics in people's lives.
Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind.
Philosophy of science is a sub-field of philosophy concerned with the foundations, methods, and implications of science.
The philosophy of social science is the study of the logic, methods, and foundations of social sciences such as psychology, economics, and political science.
Phonetics (pronounced) is the branch of linguistics that studies the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
In linguistics, phraseology is the study of set or fixed expressions, such as idioms, phrasal verbs, and other types of multi-word lexical units (often collectively referred to as phrasemes), in which the component parts of the expression take on a meaning more specific than or otherwise not predictable from the sum of their meanings when used independently.
Physical geography (also known as geosystems or physiography) is one of the two major sub-fields of geography.
Political economy is the study of production and trade and their relations with law, custom and government; and with the distribution of national income and wealth.
Political geography is concerned with the study of both the spatially uneven outcomes of political processes and the ways in which political processes are themselves affected by spatial structures.
Political philosophy, or political theory, is the study of topics such as politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law, and the enforcement of laws by authority: what they are, why (or even if) they are needed, what, if anything, makes a government legitimate, what rights and freedoms it should protect and why, what form it should take and why, what the law is, and what duties citizens owe to a legitimate government, if any, and when it may be legitimately overthrown, if ever.
Political psychology is an interdisciplinary academic field dedicated to understanding politics, politicians and political behavior from a psychological perspective.
Population geography is a division of human geography.
Pragmatics is a subfield of linguistics and semiotics that studies the ways in which context contributes to meaning.
Psephology (from Greek psephos ψῆφος, 'pebble', as the Greeks used pebbles as ballots) is a branch of political science which deals with the study and scientific analysis of elections.
Psycholinguistics or psychology of language is the study of the psychological and neurobiological factors that enable humans to acquire, use, comprehend and produce language.
Psychological anthropology is an interdisciplinary subfield of anthropology that studies the interaction of cultural and mental processes.
Psychological testing is the administration of psychological tests, which are designed to be "an objective and standardized measure of a sample of behavior".
Strictly speaking, psychology of religion consists of the application of psychological methods and interpretive frameworks to the diverse contents of the religious traditions as well as to both religious and irreligious individuals.
Psychometrics is a field of study concerned with the theory and technique of psychological measurement.
Psychophysics quantitatively investigates the relationship between physical stimuli and the sensations and perceptions they produce.
Public Administration is the implementation of government policy and also an academic discipline that studies this implementation and prepares civil servants for working in the public service.
Public economics (or economics of the public sector) is the study of government policy through the lens of economic efficiency and equity.
Public finance is the study of the role of the government in the economy.
Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals".
Public policy is the principled guide to action taken by the administrative executive branches of the state with regard to a class of issues, in a manner consistent with law and institutional customs.
Real estate economics is the application of economic techniques to real estate markets.
Regional geography is a major branch of geography.
Regional planning deals with the efficient placement of land-use activities, infrastructure, and settlement growth across a larger area of land than an individual city or town.
Rural sociology is a field of sociology traditionally associated with the study of social structure and conflict in rural areas although topical areas such as food and agriculture or natural resource access transcend traditional rural spatial boundaries (Sociology Guide 2011).
School psychology is a field that applies principles of educational psychology, developmental psychology, clinical psychology, community psychology, and applied behavior analysis to meet children's and adolescents' behavioral health and learning needs in a collaborative manner with educators and parents.
R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.
Semantics (from σημαντικός sēmantikós, "significant") is the linguistic and philosophical study of meaning, in language, programming languages, formal logics, and semiotics.
Sensation is the body's detection of external or internal stimulation (e.g., eyes detecting light waves, ears detecting sound waves).
Social geography is the branch of human geography that is most closely related to social theory in general and sociology in particular, dealing with the relation of social phenomena and its spatial components.
Social philosophy is the study of questions about social behavior and interpretations of society and social institutions in terms of ethical values rather than empirical relations.
Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
Social work is an academic discipline and profession that concerns itself with individuals, families, groups and communities in an effort to enhance social functioning and overall well-being.
Socialist economics refers to the economic theories, practices, and norms of hypothetical and existing socialist economic systems.
Socioeconomics (also known as social economics) is the social science that studies how economic activity affects and is shaped by social processes.
Sociolinguistics is the descriptive study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and society's effect on language.
Speech science refers to the study of production, transmission and perception of speech.
Speech-language pathology is a field of expertise practiced by a clinician known as a speech-language pathologist (SLP), also sometimes referred to as a speech and language therapist or a speech therapist. SLP is considered a "related health profession" along with audiology, optometry, occupational therapy, clinical psychology, physical therapy, and others.
Sport psychology is an interdisciplinary science that draws on knowledge from many related fields including biomechanics, physiology, kinesiology and psychology.
Strategic geography is concerned with the control of, or access to, spatial areas that affect the security and prosperity of nations.
Stylistics, a branch of applied linguistics, is the study and interpretation of texts in regard to their linguistic and tonal style.
Sustainability studies focus on the interdisciplinary perspective of the sustainability concept.
Sustainable agriculture is farming in sustainable ways based on an understanding of ecosystem services, the study of relationships between organisms and their environment.
Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend.
In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.
Systems psychology is a branch of both theoretical psychology and applied psychology that studies human behaviour and experience in complex systems.
Thermoeconomics, also referred to as biophysical economics, is a school of heterodox economics that applies the laws of statistical mechanics to economic theory.
Time geography or time-space geography is an evolving transdisciplinary perspective on spatial and temporal processes and events such as social interaction, ecological interaction, social and environmental change, and biographies of individuals.
A time series is a series of data points indexed (or listed or graphed) in time order.
Tourism geography is the study of travel and tourism, as an industry and as a social and cultural activity.
Traffic psychology is a discipline of psychology that studies the relationship between psychological processes and the behavior of road users.
Transport economics is a branch of economics founded in 1959 by American economist John R. Meyer that deals with the allocation of resources within the transport sector.
The Universe is all of space and time and their contents, including planets, stars, galaxies, and all other forms of matter and energy.
Urban geography is the subdiscipline of geography that derives from a study of cities and urban processes.
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.
Urban sociology is the sociological study of life and human interaction in metropolitan areas.
Welfare economics is a branch of economics that uses microeconomic techniques to evaluate well-being (welfare) at the aggregate (economy-wide) level.
Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language and emotion with signs and symbols.
Zooarchaeology (or archaeozoology) is the branch of archaeology that studies faunal remains related to ancient people.
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