279 relations: Agency (sociology), Agnotology, Agrarian society, Alfred Schütz, American Sociological Association, Analytical sociology, Anthrozoology, Antipositivism, Area studies, Attitude (psychology), Behavioral economics, Belief, Bibliography of sociology, Branches of science, Bureaucracy, Civil and political rights, Civil inattention, Collective behavior, College of Sociology, Commodity fetishism, Communication studies, Community, Community informatics, Comparative sociology, Computational sociology, Conflict theories, Consumerism, Consumption (sociology), Contexts, Crime, Criminology, Critical management studies, Critical realism (philosophy of the social sciences), Critical theory, Cultural anthropology, Cultural capital, Cultural studies, Culture, Demography, Development studies, Development theory, Deviance (sociology), Digital sociology, Disability studies, Discipline (academia), Discrimination, Division of labour, Dramaturgy (sociology), Economic sociology, Environmental sociology, ..., Environmental studies, Ethnomethodology, Exploitation of labour, Family, Feminism, Feminist sociology, Feminist theory, Figurational sociology, Food studies, Futures studies, Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft, Gender studies, Geodemography, Gerontology, Global studies, Globalization, Group cohesiveness, Historical sociology, History of sociology, Human ecology, Human geography, Humanistic sociology, Ibn Khaldun, Ideal type, Identity (social science), Ideology, Index of sociology articles, Index of sociology of food articles, Index of urban sociology articles, Industrial sociology, Industrialisation, Institution, International Sociological Association, Internet studies, Interpersonal relationship, Journal of the History of Ideas, Justice, Latin, Law, Leisure studies, Lifestyle (sociology), List of sociological associations, List of sociologists, List of sociology journals, Logical positivism, Macrosociology, MANAS Journal, Marxist sociology, Mass media, Mathematical sociology, Medical sociology, Mesosociology, Microsociology, Military sociology, Modernity, Muqaddimah, Natural resource management, Nature versus nurture, Organization, Organizational behavior, Organizational studies, Outline (list), Outline of community, Outline of culture, Outline of relationships, Outline of science, Outline of society, Paradigm shift, Phenomenological sociology, Polemic (magazine), Policy sociology, Political ecology, Political economy, Political freedom, Political science, Political sociology, Popular culture, Positivism, Post-structuralism, Postcolonialism, Postmodernism, Postmodernity, Poverty, Power (social and political), Power-knowledge, Psychoanalytic sociology, Public sociology, Pure sociology, Queer theory, Racism, Rational choice theory, Rationalization (sociology), Reflexivity (social theory), Relational sociology, Religion, Risk, Rural sociology, Salmagundi (magazine), Science and technology studies, Science studies, Secularization, Sexism, Social actions, Social alienation, Social anthropology, Social architecture, Social aspects of jealousy, Social capital, Social change, Social class, Social conflict, Social conflict theory, Social constructionism, Social control, Social engineering (political science), Social environment, Social epistemology, Social equality, Social exchange theory, Social geography, Social group, Social history, Social inequality, Social informatics, Social issue, Social justice, Social media, Social mobility, Social movement, Social network, Social order, Social philosophy, Social psychology (sociology), Social relation, Social research, Social science, Social status, Social stratification, Social structure, Social studies of finance, Social theory, Socialization, Societal and cultural aspects of autism, Society, Sociobiology, Sociocultural evolution, Sociocybernetics, Sociography, Sociolinguistics, Sociological theory, Sociology, Sociology in China, Sociology in Poland, Sociology of architecture, Sociology of art, Sociology of culture, Sociology of disaster, Sociology of education, Sociology of emotions, Sociology of food, Sociology of gender, Sociology of health and illness, Sociology of human consciousness, Sociology of immigration, Sociology of knowledge, Sociology of language, Sociology of law, Sociology of leisure, Sociology of literature, Sociology of peace, war, and social conflict, Sociology of philosophy, Sociology of punishment, Sociology of race and ethnic relations, Sociology of religion, Sociology of scientific knowledge, Sociology of sociology, Sociology of space, Sociology of sport, Sociology of terrorism, Sociology of the body, Sociology of the family, Sociology of the history of science, Sociology of the Internet, Sociomapping, Sociometry, Sociomusicology, Solidarity, Structural cohesion, Structural functionalism, Structuralism, Structure and agency, Subaltern (postcolonialism), Sustainable development, Symbolic interactionism, Systems theory, The New School for Social Research, The Other Press, Theory of generations, Timeline of sociology, Universal history, University of Pennsylvania Press, Urban sociology, Urban studies, Value (ethics), Victimology, Visual sociology, World view, World-systems theory, Youth Studies Australia, 1810s in sociology, 1820s in sociology, 1830s in sociology, 1840s in sociology, 1850s in sociology, 1860s in sociology, 1870s in sociology, 1880s in sociology, 1890s in sociology, 1900s in sociology, 1910s in sociology, 1920s in sociology, 1930s in sociology, 1940s in sociology, 1950s in sociology, 1960s in sociology, 1970s in sociology, 1980s in sociology, 1990s in sociology, 2000s in sociology. 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In social science, agency is the capacity of individuals to act independently and to make their own free choices.
Agnotology (formerly agnatology) is the study of culturally induced ignorance or doubt, particularly the publication of inaccurate or misleading scientific data.
An agrarian society (or agricultural society) is any society whose economy is based on producing and maintaining crops and farmland.
Alfred Schutz (born Alfred Schütz,; 13 April 1899 – 20 May 1959) was an Austrian philosopher and social phenomenologist whose work bridged sociological and phenomenological traditions.
The American Sociological Association (ASA), founded in 1905 as the American Sociological Society, is a non-profit organization dedicated to advancing the discipline and profession of sociology.
Analytical sociology is a strategy for understanding the social world.
Anthrozoology (also known as human–non-human-animal studies, or HAS) is the subset of ethnobiology that deals with interactions between humans and other animals.
In social science, antipositivism (also interpretivism and negativism) proposes that the social realm cannot be studied with the scientific method of investigation applied to the natural world; investigation of the social realm requires a different epistemology.
Area studies (also: regional studies) are interdisciplinary fields of research and scholarship pertaining to particular geographical, national/federal, or cultural regions.
In psychology, attitude is a psychological construct, a mental and emotional entity that inheres in, or characterizes a person.
Behavioral economics studies the effects of psychological, cognitive, emotional, cultural and social factors on the economic decisions of individuals and institutions and how those decisions vary from those implied by classical theory.
Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case with or without there being empirical evidence to prove that something is the case with factual certainty.
This bibliography of sociology is a list of works, organized by subdiscipline, on the subject of sociology.
The branches of science, also referred to as sciences, "scientific fields", or "scientific disciplines" are commonly divided into three major groups.
Bureaucracy refers to both a body of non-elective government officials and an administrative policy-making group.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
Civil inattention is the process whereby strangers who are in close proximity demonstrate that they are aware of one another, without imposing on each other – a recognition of the claims of others to a public space, and of their own personal boundaries.
The expression collective behavior was first used by Franklin Henry Giddings (1908) and employed later by Robert E. Park (1921), Herbert Blumer (1939), Ralph Turner and Lewis Killian (1957), and Neil Smelser (1962) to refer to social processes and events which do not reflect existing social structure (laws, conventions, and institutions), but which emerge in a "spontaneous" way.
The College of Sociology (Collège de Sociologie in French) was a loosely-knit group of French intellectuals, named after the informal discussion series that they held in Paris between 1937 and 1939, when it was disrupted by the war.
In Karl Marx's critique of political economy, commodity fetishism is the perception of the social relationships involved in production, not as relationships among people, but as economic relationships among the money and commodities exchanged in market trade.
Communication studies or communication sciences is an academic discipline that deals with processes of human communication.
A community is a small or large social unit (a group of living things) that has something in common, such as norms, religion, values, or identity.
Community informatics (CI) is an interdisciplinary field that is concerned with using information and communication technology (ICT) to empower members of communities and support their social, cultural, and economic development.
Comparative sociology involves comparison of the social processes between nation states, or across different types of society (for example capitalist and socialist).
Computational sociology is a branch of sociology that uses computationally intensive methods to analyze and model social phenomena.
Conflict theories are perspectives in sociology and social psychology that emphasize a materialist interpretation of history, dialectical method of analysis, a critical stance toward existing social arrangements, and political program of revolution or, at least, reform.
Consumerism is a social and economic order and ideology that encourages the acquisition of goods and services in ever-increasing amounts.
Theories of consumption have been a part of the field of sociology since its earliest days, dating back, at least implicitly, to the work of Karl Marx in the mid-to-late nineteenth century.
Contexts: Understanding People in their Social Worlds is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal and an official publication of the American Sociological Association.
In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority.
Criminology (from Latin crīmen, "accusation" originally derived from the Ancient Greek verb "krino" "κρίνω", and Ancient Greek -λογία, -logy|-logia, from "logos" meaning: “word,” “reason,” or “plan”) is the scientific study of the nature, extent, management, causes, control, consequences, and prevention of criminal behavior, both on the individual and social levels.
Critical management studies (CMS) is a loose but extensive grouping of theoretically informed critiques of management, business and organisation, grounded originally in a critical theory perspective.
Critical realism, a philosophical approach associated with Roy Bhaskar (1944–2014), combines a general philosophy of science (transcendental realism) with a philosophy of social science (critical naturalism) to describe an interface between the natural and social worlds.
Critical theory is a school of thought that stresses the reflective assessment and critique of society and culture by applying knowledge from the social sciences and the humanities.
Cultural anthropology is a branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation among humans.
In sociology, cultural capital consists of the social assets of a person (education, intellect, style of speech and dress, etc.) that promote social mobility in a stratified society.
Cultural studies is a field of theoretically, politically, and empirically engaged cultural analysis that concentrates upon the political dynamics of contemporary culture, its historical foundations, defining traits, conflicts, and contingencies.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
Demography (from prefix demo- from Ancient Greek δῆμος dēmos meaning "the people", and -graphy from γράφω graphō, implies "writing, description or measurement") is the statistical study of populations, especially human beings.
Development studies is an interdisciplinary branch of social science.
Development theory is a collection of theories about how desirable change in society is best achieved.
In sociology, deviance describes an action or behavior that violates social norms, including a formally enacted rule (e.g., crime), as well as informal violations of social norms (e.g., rejecting folkways and mores).
Digital sociology is a sub-discipline of sociology that focuses on understanding the use of digital media as part of everyday life, and how these various technologies contribute to patterns of human behavior, social relationships and concepts of the self.
Disability studies is an academic discipline that examines the meaning, nature, and consequences of disability.
An academic discipline or academic field is a branch of knowledge.
In human social affairs, discrimination is treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person based on the group, class, or category to which the person is perceived to belong.
The division of labour is the separation of tasks in any system so that participants may specialize.
Dramaturgy is a sociological perspective commonly used in microsociological accounts of social interaction in everyday life.
Economic sociology is the study of the social cause and effect of various economic phenomena.
Environmental sociology is the study of interactions between societies and their natural environments.
Environmental studies is a multidisciplinary academic field which systematically studies human interaction with the environment in the interests of solving complex problems.
Ethnomethodology is the study of methods people use for understanding and producing the social order in which they live.
Exploitation of labour is the act of treating one's workers unfairly for one's own benefit.
Every person has his/her own family.mother reproduces with husband for children.In the context of human society, a family (from familia) is a group of people related either by consanguinity (by recognized birth), affinity (by marriage or other relationship), or co-residence (as implied by the etymology of the English word "family" from Latin familia 'family servants, domestics collectively, the servants in a household,' thus also 'members of a household, the estate, property; the household, including relatives and servants,' abstract noun formed from famulus 'servant, slave ') or some combination of these.
Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.
Feminist sociology is a conflict theory and theoretical perspective which observes gender in its relation to power, both at the level of face-to-face interaction and reflexivity within a social structure at large.
Feminist theory is the extension of feminism into theoretical, fictional, or philosophical discourse.
Figurational sociology is a research tradition in which figurations of humans—evolving networks of interdependent humans—are the unit of investigation.
Food studies is the critical examination of food and its contexts within science, art, history, society, and other fields.
Futures studies (also called futurology) is the study of postulating possible, probable, and preferable futures and the worldviews and myths that underlie them.
Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft, generally translated as "community and society", are categories which were used by the German sociologist Ferdinand Tönnies in order to categorize social ties into two dichotomous sociological types which define each other.
Gender studies is a field for interdisciplinary study devoted to gender identity and gendered representation as central categories of analysis.
Geodemography includes the application of geodemographic classifications for business, social research and public policy but has a parallel history in academic research seeking to understand the processes by which settlements (notably, cities) evolve and neighborhoods are formed.
Gerontology is the study of the social, cultural, psychological, cognitive, and biological aspects of ageing.
Global studies is the interdisciplinary study of political, economic, legal, ecological and cultural interconnectedness.
Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.
Group cohesiveness (also called group cohesion and social cohesion) arises when bonds link members of a social group to one another and to the group as a whole.
Historical sociology is a branch of sociology focusing on how societies develop through history.
Sociology as a scholarly discipline emerged primarily out of enlightenment thought, shortly after the French Revolution, as a positivist science of society.
Human ecology is an interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary study of the relationship between humans and their natural, social, and built environments.
Human geography is the branch of geography that deals with the study of people and their communities, cultures, economies, and interactions with the environment by studying their relations with and across space and place.
Humanistic sociology is a domain of sociology which originated mainly from the work of the University of Chicago Polish philosopher-turned-sociologist, Florian Znaniecki.
Ibn Khaldun (أبو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون الحضرمي.,; 27 May 1332 – 17 March 1406) was a fourteenth-century Arab historiographer and historian.
Ideal type (Idealtypus), also known as pure type, is a typological term most closely associated with sociologist Max Weber (1864–1920).
In psychology, identity is the qualities, beliefs, personality, looks and/or expressions that make a person (self-identity) or group (particular social category or social group).
An Ideology is a collection of normative beliefs and values that an individual or group holds for other than purely epistemic reasons.
This is an index of sociology articles.
Sociology of food is the study of food as it relates to the history, progression, and future development of society.
Urban sociology is the sociological study of social life and human interaction in metropolitan areas.
Industrial sociology, until recently a crucial research area within the field of sociology of work, examines "the direction and implications of trends in technological change, globalization, labour markets, work organization, managerial practices and employment relations to the extent to which these trends are intimately related to changing patterns of inequality in modern societies and to the changing experiences of individuals and families the ways in which workers challenge, resist and make their own contributions to the patterning of work and shaping of work institutions.".
Industrialisation or industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society, involving the extensive re-organisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing.
Institutions are "stable, valued, recurring patterns of behavior".
The International Sociological Association (ISA) is a non-profit organization dedicated to scientific purposes in the field of sociology and social sciences.
Internet studies is an interdisciplinary field studying the social, psychological, pedagogical, political, technical, cultural, artistic, and other dimensions of the Internet and associated information and communication technologies.
An interpersonal relationship is a strong, deep, or close association or acquaintance between two or more people that may range in duration from brief to enduring.
The Journal of the History of Ideas is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering intellectual history and the history of ideas, including the histories of philosophy, literature and the arts, natural and social sciences, religion, and political thought.
Justice is the legal or philosophical theory by which fairness is administered.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.
Leisure studies is a branch of the social sciences that focuses on understanding and analyzing leisure.
Lifestyle is the interests, opinions, behaviours, and behavioural orientations of an individual, group, or culture.
This article is a list of sociological associations.
This is a list of sociologists.
This list presents representative academic journals covering sociology and its various subfields.
Logical positivism and logical empiricism, which together formed neopositivism, was a movement in Western philosophy whose central thesis was verificationism, a theory of knowledge which asserted that only statements verifiable through empirical observation are cognitively meaningful.
Macrosociology is an approach to sociology which emphasizes the analysis of social systems and populations on a large scale, at the level of social structure, and often at a necessarily high level of theoretical abstraction.
MANAS was an eight-page philosophical fortnightly written, edited, and published by Henry Geiger from 1948 until December 1988.
Marxist sociology is the study of sociology from a Marxist perspective.
The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.
Mathematical sociology is the area of sociology that uses mathematics to construct social theories.
Mesosociology is the study of intermediate (meso) social forces and stratification such as income, age, gender, race, ethnicity, organizations and geographically circumscribed communities.
Microsociology is one of the main points (or focuses) of sociology, concerning the nature of everyday human social interactions and agency on a small scale: face to face.
Military sociology aims toward the systematic study of the military as a social group rather than as a Military organization.
Modernity, a topic in the humanities and social sciences, is both a historical period (the modern era), as well as the ensemble of particular socio-cultural norms, attitudes and practices that arose in the wake of Renaissance, in the "Age of Reason" of 17th-century thought and the 18th-century "Enlightenment".
The Muqaddimah, also known as the Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldun (مقدّمة ابن خلدون) or Ibn Khaldun's Prolegomena (Προλεγόμενα), is a book written by the Arab historian Ibn Khaldun in 1377 which records an early view of universal history.
Natural resource management refers to the management of natural resources such as land, water, soil, plants and animals, with a particular focus on how management affects the quality of life for both present and future generations (stewardship).
The nature versus nurture debate involves whether human behaviour is determined by the environment, either prenatal or during a person's life, or by a person's genes.
An organization or organisation is an entity comprising multiple people, such as an institution or an association, that has a collective goal and is linked to an external environment.
Organizational behavior (OB) or organisational behaviour is "the study of human behavior in organizational settings, the interface between human behavior and the organization, and the organization itself".
Organizational studies is "the examination of how individuals construct organizational structures, processes, and practices and how these, in turn, shape social relations and create institutions that ultimately influence people", organizational studies comprise different areas that deal with the different aspects of the organizations, many of the approaches are functionalist but critical research also provide alternative frame for understanding in the field.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
The following outline is provided as an overview of topics relating to community.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to culture: Culture – set of patterns of human activity within a community or social group and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to interpersonal relationships.
The following outline is provided as a topical overview of science: Science – the systematic effort of acquiring knowledge—through observation and experimentation coupled with logic and reasoning to find out what can be proved or not proved—and the knowledge thus acquired.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to society: Society – group of people sharing the same geographical or virtual territory and therefore subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations.
A paradigm shift (also radical theory change), a concept identified by the American physicist and philosopher Thomas Kuhn (1922–1996), is a fundamental change in the basic concepts and experimental practices of a scientific discipline.
Phenomenological sociology is the study of the formal structures of concrete social existence as made available in and through the analytical description of acts of intentional consciousness.
Polemic was a British "Magazine of Philosophy, Psychology, and Aesthetics" published between 1945 and 1947, which aimed to be a general or non-specialist intellectual periodical.
This is a term coined by Michael Burawoy as a way of providing solutions to social problems.
Political ecology is the study of the relationships between political, economic and social factors with environmental issues and changes.
Political economy is the study of production and trade and their relations with law, custom and government; and with the distribution of national income and wealth.
Political freedom (also known as political autonomy or political agency) is a central concept in history and political thought and one of the most important features of democratic societies.
Political science is a social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, and political behavior.
Political sociology is concerned with the sociological analysis of political phenomena ranging from the State, to civil society, to the family, investigating topics such as citizenship, social movements, and the sources of social power.
Popular culture (also called pop culture) is generally recognized as a set of the practices, beliefs, and objects that are dominant or ubiquitous in a society at a given point in time.
Positivism is a philosophical theory stating that certain ("positive") knowledge is based on natural phenomena and their properties and relations.
Post-structuralism is associated with the works of a series of mid-20th-century French, continental philosophers and critical theorists who came to be known internationally in the 1960s and 1970s.
Postcolonialism or postcolonial studies is the academic study of the cultural legacy of colonialism and imperialism, focusing on the human consequences of the control and exploitation of colonised people and their lands.
Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to late-20th century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism.
Postmodernity (post-modernity or the postmodern condition) is the economic or cultural state or condition of society which is said to exist after modernity.
Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.
In social science and politics, power is the ability to influence or outright control the behaviour of people.
Power-knowledge (le savoir-pouvoir) is a concept coined by the French philosopher Michel Foucault.
Psychoanalytic sociology is the research field that analyzes society using the same methods that psychoanalysis applied to analyze an individual.
Public sociology is a subfield of the wider sociological discipline that emphasizes expanding the disciplinary boundaries of sociology in order to engage with non-academic audiences.
Like rational choice theory, conflict theory, or functionalism, pure sociology is a sociological paradigm — a strategy for explaining human behavior.
Queer theory is a field of critical theory that emerged in the early 1990s out of the fields of queer studies and women's studies.
Racism is the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity.
Rational choice theory, also known as choice theory or rational action theory, is a framework for understanding and often formally modeling social and economic behavior.
In sociology, rationalization or rationalisation refers to the replacement of traditions, values, and emotions as motivators for behavior in society with concepts based on rationality and reason.
In epistemology, and more specifically, the sociology of knowledge, reflexivity refers to circular relationships between cause and effect, especially as embedded in human belief structures.
Relational sociology is a collection of sociological theories that emphasize relationalism over substantivalism in explanations and interpretations of social phenomena and is most directly connected to the work of Harrison White and Charles Tilly in the United States and Pierpaolo Donati and Nick Crossley in Europe.
Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.
Risk is the potential of gaining or losing something of value.
Rural sociology is a field of sociology traditionally associated with the study of social structure and conflict in rural areas although topical areas such as food and agriculture or natural resource access transcend traditional rural spatial boundaries (Sociology Guide 2011).
Salmagundi is a quarterly periodical, featuring cultural criticism, fiction, and poetry, along with transcripts of symposia and interviews with prominent writers and intellectuals.
Science and technology studies, or science, technology and society studies (both abbreviated STS) is the study of how society, politics, and culture affect scientific research and technological innovation, and how these, in turn, affect society, politics and culture.
Science studies is an interdisciplinary research area that seeks to situate scientific expertise in broad social, historical, and philosophical contexts.
Secularization (or secularisation) is the transformation of a society from close identification and affiliation with religious values and institutions toward nonreligious values and secular institutions.
Sexism is prejudice or discrimination based on a person's sex or gender.
In sociology, social action, also known as "Weberian social action", refers to an act which takes into account the actions and reactions of individuals (or 'agents').
Social alienation is "a condition in social relationships reflected by a low degree of integration or common values and a high degree of distance or isolation between individuals, or between an individual and a group of people in a community or work environment".
Social anthropology or anthroposociology is the dominant constituent of anthropology throughout the United Kingdom and Commonwealth and much of Europe (France in particular), where it is distinguished from cultural anthropology.
Social architecture is the conscious design of an environment that encourages a desired range of social behaviors leading towards some goal or set of goals.
The sociology of jealousy deals with cultural and social factors that influence what causes jealousy, how jealousy is expressed, and how attitudes toward jealousy change over time.
Social capital is a form of economic and cultural capital in which social networks are central; transactions are marked by reciprocity, trust, and cooperation; and market agents produce goods and services not mainly for themselves, but for a common good.
Social change is an alteration in the social order of a society.
A social class is a set of subjectively defined concepts in the social sciences and political theory centered on models of social stratification in which people are grouped into a set of hierarchical social categories, the most common being the upper, middle and lower classes.
Social conflict is the struggle for agency or power in society.
Social conflict theory is a Marxist-based social theory which argues that individuals and groups (social classes) within society interact on the basis of conflict rather than consensus.
Social constructionism or the social construction of reality (also social concept) is a theory of knowledge in sociology and communication theory that examines the development of jointly constructed understandings of the world that form the basis for shared assumptions about reality.
Social control is a concept within the disciplines of the social sciences.
Social engineering is a discipline in social science that refers to efforts to influence particular attitudes and social behaviors on a large scale, whether by governments, media or private groups in order to produce desired characteristics in a target population.
The social environment, social context, sociocultural context or milieu refers to the immediate physical and social setting in which people live or in which something happens or develops.
Social epistemology refers to a broad set of approaches that can be taken in the study of knowledge that construes human knowledge as a collective achievement.
Social equality is a state of affairs in which all people within a specific society or isolated group have the same status in certain respects, including civil rights, freedom of speech, property rights and equal access to certain social goods and services.
Social exchange theory is a social psychological and sociological perspective that explains social change and stability as a process of negotiated exchanges between parties.
Social geography is the branch of human geography that is most closely related to social theory in general and sociology in particular, dealing with the relation of social phenomena and its spatial components.
In the social sciences, a social group has been defined as two or more people who interact with one another, share similar characteristics, and collectively have a sense of unity.
Social history, often called the new social history, is a field of history that looks at the lived experience of the past.
Social inequality occurs when resources in a given society are distributed unevenly, typically through norms of allocation, that engender specific patterns along lines of socially defined categories of persons.
Social informatics is the study of information and communication tools in cultural or institutional contexts.
A social issue is a problem that influences a considerable number of the individuals within a society.
Social justice is a concept of fair and just relations between the individual and society.
Social media are computer-mediated technologies that facilitate the creation and sharing of information, ideas, career interests and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks.
Social mobility is the movement of individuals, families, households, or other categories of people within or between social strata in a society.
A social movement is a type of group action.
A social network is a social structure made up of a set of social actors (such as individuals or organizations), sets of dyadic ties, and other social interactions between actors.
The term social order can be used in two senses.
Social philosophy is the study of questions about social behavior and interpretations of society and social institutions in terms of ethical values rather than empirical relations.
In sociology, social psychology, also known as sociological social psychology or microsociology, is an area of sociology that focuses on social actions and on interrelations of personality, values, and mind with social structure and culture.
In social science, a social relation or social interaction is any relationship between two or more individuals.
Social research is a research conducted by social scientists following a systematic plan.
Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
Social status is the relative respect, competence, and deference accorded to people, groups, and organizations in a society.
Social stratification is a kind of social differentiation whereby a society groups people into socioeconomic strata, based upon their occupation and income, wealth and social status, or derived power (social and political).
In the social sciences, social structure is the patterned social arrangements in society that are both emergent from and determinant of the actions of the individuals.
Social studies of finance is an interdisciplinary research area that combines perspectives from anthropology, economic sociology, science and technology studies, international political economy, behavioral finance, cultural studies and/or economics in the study of financial markets.
Social theories are analytical frameworks, or paradigms, that are used to study and interpret social phenomena.
In sociology, socialization is the process of internalizing the norms and ideologies of society.
Societal and cultural aspects of autism come into play with recognition of autism, approaches to its support services and therapies, and how autism affects the definition of personhood.
A society is a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations.
Sociobiology is a field of biology that aims to examine and explain social behavior in terms of evolution.
Sociocultural evolution, sociocultural evolutionism or cultural evolution are theories of cultural and social evolution that describe how cultures and societies change over time.
Sociocybernetics is an independent chapter of science in sociology based upon the general systems theory and cybernetics.
Sociography is writing on society, societal sub-divisions and societal patterns, done without first conducting the in-depth study typically required in the academic field of sociology.
Sociolinguistics is the descriptive study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and society's effect on language.
Sociological theories are statements of how and why particular facts about the social world are related.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
In the People's Republic of China, the study of sociology has been developing steadily since its reestablishment in 1979 (it had been previously banned by communist authorities as a bourgeois pseudoscience).
Sociology in Poland has been developing, as has sociology throughout Europe, since the mid-19th century.
Sociology of architecture is the sociological study of the built environment and the role and occupation of architects in modern societies.
The sociology of art is a subfield of sociology concerned with the social worlds of art and aesthetics.
The sociology of culture and, the related, cultural sociology concerns the systematic analysis of culture, usually understood as the ensemble of symbolic codes used by a members of a society, as it is manifested in the society.
Sociology of disaster is a special branch of sociology.
The sociology of education is the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcomes.
The sociology of emotion applies sociological theorems and techniques to the study of human emotions.
Sociology of food is the study of food as it relates to the history, progression, and future development of society.
Sociology of gender is a prominent subfield of sociology.
The sociology of health and illness, alternatively the sociology of health and wellness (or simply health sociology), examines the interaction between society and health.
The sociology of human consciousness uses the theories and methodology of sociology to explain human consciousness.
The sociology of immigration involves the sociological analysis of immigration, particularly with respect to race and ethnicity, social structure, and political policy.
The sociology of knowledge is the study of the relationship between human thought and the social context within which it arises, and of the effects prevailing ideas have on societies.
Sociology of language is the study of the relations between language and society.
The sociology of law (or legal sociology) is often described as a sub-discipline of sociology or an interdisciplinary approach within legal studies.
Sociology of leisure or leisure sociology is the study of how humans organize their free time.
The sociology of literature is a subfield of the sociology of culture.
The sociological study of peace, war, and social conflict entails the use of sociological theory and methods to analyze group conflicts, especially collective violence and alternative constructive nonviolent forms of conflict transformation.
Sociology of philosophy is a subdivision of sociology that seeks to understand the influence of philosophy in the society, the social conditions in the intellectual activity and effects of philosophy, and the social configurations and processes of philosophical research.
The sociology of punishment seeks to understand why and how we punish; the general justifying aim of punishment and the principle of distribution.
The sociology of race and ethnic relations is the study of social, political, and economic relations between races and ethnicities at all levels of society.
Sociology of religion is the study of the beliefs, practices and organizational forms of religion using the tools and methods of the discipline of sociology.
The sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK) is the study of science as a social activity, especially dealing with "the social conditions and effects of science, and with the social structures and processes of scientific activity." The sociology of scientific ignorance (SSI) is complementary to the sociology of scientific knowledge.
Sociology of sociology is an area of sociology that combines social theories with analysis of the effect of socio-historical contexts in sociological intellectual production.
The sociology of space is a sub-discipline of sociology that mostly borrows from theories developed within the discipline of geography, including the sub fields of human geography, economic geography, and feminist geography.
Sociology of sport, alternately referred to as sports sociology, is a sub-discipline of sociology which focuses on sports as social phenomena.
Sociology of terrorism is an emerging field in sociology seeking to understand terrorism as a social phenomenon and how individuals as well as nation states respond to such events.
Sociology of the body is a branch of sociology studying the representations and social uses of the human body in modern societies.
Sociological studies of the family look at.
The sociology and philosophy of science, as well as the entire field of science studies, have in the 20th century been occupied with the question of large-scale patterns and trends in the development of science, and asking questions about how science "works" both in a philosophical and practical sense.
The sociology of the Internet involves the application of sociological theory and method to the Internet as a source of information and communication.
Sociomapping is a method developed for processing and visualization of relational data (e.g. social network data).
Sociometry is a quantitative method for measuring social relationships.
Sociomusicology (from Latin: socius, "companion"; from Old French musique; and the suffix -ology, "the study of", from Old Greek λόγος, lógos: "discourse"), also called music sociology or the sociology of music, refers to both an academic subfield of sociology that is concerned with music (often in combination with other arts), as well as a subfield of musicology that focuses on social aspects of musical behavior and the role of music in society.
Solidarity is unity (as of a group or class) which produces or is based on unities of interests, objectives, standards, and sympathies.
Structural cohesion is the sociological conception of a useful formal definition and measure of cohesion in social groups.
Structural functionalism, or simply functionalism, is "a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability".
In sociology, anthropology, and linguistics, structuralism is the methodology that implies elements of human culture must be understood by way of their relationship to a larger, overarching system or structure.
In the social sciences there is a standing debate over the primacy of structure or agency in shaping human behaviour.
In critical theory and postcolonialism, the term subaltern designates the populations which are socially, politically, and geographically outside of the hegemonic power structure of the colony and of the colonial homeland.
Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend.
Symbolic interactionism is a sociological theory that develops from practical considerations and alludes to people's particular utilization of dialect to make images, normal implications, for deduction and correspondence with others.
Systems theory is the interdisciplinary study of systems.
The New School for Social Research (NSSR) is an educational institution that is part of The New School in New York City, USA.
The Other Press is the independent student newspaper of Douglas College, a multi-campus public college in British Columbia, Canada.
Theory of generations (or sociology of generations) is a theory posed by Karl Mannheim in his 1923 essay, "The Problem of Generations." This essay has been described as "the most systematic and fully developed" and even "the seminal theoretical treatment of generations as a sociological phenomenon".
This is a timeline of sociology.
A universal history is a work aiming at the presentation of the history of humankind as a whole, coherent unit.
The University of Pennsylvania Press (or Penn Press) is a university press affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Urban sociology is the sociological study of life and human interaction in metropolitan areas.
Urban studies is based on the study of the urban development of cities.
In ethics, value denotes the degree of importance of some thing or action, with the aim of determining what actions are best to do or what way is best to live (normative ethics), or to describe the significance of different actions.
Victimology is the study of victimization, including the psychological effects on victims, relationships between victims and offenders, the interactions between victims and the criminal justice system—that is, the police and courts, and corrections officials—and the connections between victims and other social groups and institutions, such as the media, businesses, and social movements.
Visual sociology is an area of sociology concerned with the visual dimensions of social life.
A world view or worldview is the fundamental cognitive orientation of an individual or society encompassing the whole of the individual's or society's knowledge and point of view.
World-systems theory (also known as world-systems analysis or the world-systems perspective)Immanuel Wallerstein, (2004), "World-systems Analysis." In World System History, ed.
Youth Studies Australia is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by the Australian Clearinghouse for Youth Studies – also known as ACYS – based at the University of Tasmania.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1810s.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1820s.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1830s.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1840s.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1850s.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1860s.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1870s.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1880s.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1890s.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1900s (decade).
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1910s.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1920s.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1930s.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1940s.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1950s.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1960s.
The following events related to SOCIOLOGY occurred in the 1970s.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1980s.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 1990s.
The following events related to sociology occurred in the 2000s.
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