Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Overexploitation

Overexploitation, also called overharvesting, refers to harvesting a renewable resource to the point of diminishing returns. [1]

153 relations: AMBIO, Apex predator, Aquifer, Aristotle, Arizona Daily Star, Asian black bear, Atlantic cod, Biodiversity, Biodiversity loss, Biomass (ecology), Bioprospecting, Bird, Bushmeat, Carolina parakeet, Carrying capacity, Cascade effect, Chimpanzee, Chinchilla, CITES, Common land, Common-pool resource, Conservation biology, Deep ecology, Defaunation, Deforestation, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Depensation, Diminishing returns, Dodo, Earth, Ecological release, Ecology, Economic growth, Ecosystem, Ecosystem management, Enclosure, Endangered species, Endemism, European hedgehog, Exploitation of natural resources, Extinction, Fauna, Fish stock, Fisheries management, Fishery, Flora, Food and Agriculture Organization, Forest, Forest management, Fossil water, ..., Fur trade, Game (hunting), Garrett Hardin, Giant otter, Global warming, Gorilla, Great auk, Habitat destruction, Habitat fragmentation, Hubbert curve, Hubbert peak theory, Huffaker's mite experiment, Human migration, Human overpopulation, Hunting, Hybrid (biology), Hydrology, Individual fishing quota, Introduced species, Invasive species, Island ecology, Jevons paradox, Kelp, Kelp forest, Keystone species, Killer whale, Lake, Land tenure, Leviathan (Hobbes book), Local extinction, Logging, Madagascar, Mamo, Mauritius, Maximum sustainable yield, Māori people, Medicinal plants, Megafauna, Moa, Mollusca, Myth of superabundance, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National park, Natural product, Natural resource, Natural resource management, New Zealand, Nitrate, Occupancy–abundance relationship, Ocean acidification, Oʻahu tree snail, Ogallala Aquifer, Our Plundered Planet, Overconsumption, Overdrafting, Overfishing, Overgrazing, Overlogging, Overpopulation, Pacific Institute, Paper, Partula (gastropod), Pasture, Peak oil, Peak water, Planetary boundaries, Pollution, Predation, Quaternary extinction event, Reforestation, Renewable resource, Resource depletion, Rwanda, Saiga antelope, Saribus rotundifolius, Science (journal), Sea otter, Sea urchin, Social dilemma, Social trap, Southeast Asia, Species richness, Stock management, Sustainability, Sustainable development, Sustainable yield, The BMJ, Thomas Hobbes, Traditional Chinese medicine, Tragedy of the anticommons, Tragedy of the commons, Trophic cascade, Tropical fish, Tyranny of small decisions, Uist, Ungulate, Vertebrate, Vicuña, West Africa, Wild fisheries, Wildlife trade, William Forster Lloyd, World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Expand index (103 more) »


AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published eight times a year by Springer Science+Business Media on behalf of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

New!!: Overexploitation and AMBIO · See more »

Apex predator

An apex predator, also known as an alpha predator or top predator, is a predator at the top of a food chain, with no natural predators.

New!!: Overexploitation and Apex predator · See more »


An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt).

New!!: Overexploitation and Aquifer · See more »


Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.

New!!: Overexploitation and Aristotle · See more »

Arizona Daily Star

The Arizona Daily Star is the major morning daily newspaper that serves Tucson and surrounding districts of southern Arizona in the United States.

New!!: Overexploitation and Arizona Daily Star · See more »

Asian black bear

The Asian black bear (Ursus thibetanus, previously known as Selenarctos thibetanus), also known as the moon bear and the white-chested bear, is a medium-sized bear species native to Asia and largely adapted to arboreal life.

New!!: Overexploitation and Asian black bear · See more »

Atlantic cod

The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a benthopelagic fish of the family Gadidae, widely consumed by humans.

New!!: Overexploitation and Atlantic cod · See more »


Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.

New!!: Overexploitation and Biodiversity · See more »

Biodiversity loss

Loss of biodiversity or biodiversity loss is the extinction of species (human, plant or animal) worldwide, and also the local reduction or loss of species in a certain habitat.

New!!: Overexploitation and Biodiversity loss · See more »

Biomass (ecology)

Biomass is the mass of living biological organisms in a given area or ecosystem at a given time.

New!!: Overexploitation and Biomass (ecology) · See more »


Bioprospecting is the process of discovery and commercialization of new products based on biological resources.

New!!: Overexploitation and Bioprospecting · See more »


Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.

New!!: Overexploitation and Bird · See more »


Bushmeat, wildmeat, or game meat is meat from non-domesticated mammals, reptiles, amphibians and birds hunted for food in tropical forests.

New!!: Overexploitation and Bushmeat · See more »

Carolina parakeet

The Carolina parakeet (Conuropsis carolinensis) or Carolina conure was a small green neotropical parrot with a bright yellow head, reddish orange face and pale beak native to the eastern, midwest and plains states of the United States and was the only indigenous parrot within its range, as well as one of only two parrots native to the United States (the other being the thick-billed parrot).

New!!: Overexploitation and Carolina parakeet · See more »

Carrying capacity

The carrying capacity of a biological species in an environment is the maximum population size of the species that the environment can sustain indefinitely, given the food, habitat, water, and other necessities available in the environment.

New!!: Overexploitation and Carrying capacity · See more »

Cascade effect

A cascade effect is an inevitable and sometimes unforeseen chain of events due to an act affecting a. If there is a possibility that the cascade effect will have a negative impact on the system, it is possible to analyze the effects with a consequence/impact analysis.

New!!: Overexploitation and Cascade effect · See more »


The taxonomical genus Pan (often referred to as chimpanzees or chimps) consists of two extant species: the common chimpanzee and the bonobo.

New!!: Overexploitation and Chimpanzee · See more »


Chinchillas are either of two species of crepuscular rodents of the parvorder Caviomorpha.

New!!: Overexploitation and Chinchilla · See more »


CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, also known as the Washington Convention) is a multilateral treaty to protect endangered plants and animals.

New!!: Overexploitation and CITES · See more »

Common land

Common land is land owned collectively by a number of persons, or by one person, but over which other people have certain traditional rights, such as to allow their livestock to graze upon it, to collect wood, or to cut turf for fuel.

New!!: Overexploitation and Common land · See more »

Common-pool resource

In economics, a common-pool resource (CPR) is a type of good consisting of a natural or human-made resource system (e.g. an irrigation system or fishing grounds), whose size or characteristics makes it costly, but not impossible, to exclude potential beneficiaries from obtaining benefits from its use.

New!!: Overexploitation and Common-pool resource · See more »

Conservation biology

Conservation biology is the management of nature and of Earth's biodiversity with the aim of protecting species, their habitats, and ecosystems from excessive rates of extinction and the erosion of biotic interactions.

New!!: Overexploitation and Conservation biology · See more »

Deep ecology

Deep ecology is an ecological and environmental philosophy promoting the inherent worth of living beings regardless of their instrumental utility to human needs, plus a radical restructuring of modern human societies in accordance with such ideas.

New!!: Overexploitation and Deep ecology · See more »


Defaunation is the loss of animals from ecological communities.

New!!: Overexploitation and Defaunation · See more »


Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.

New!!: Overexploitation and Deforestation · See more »

Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa.

New!!: Overexploitation and Democratic Republic of the Congo · See more »


In population dynamics, depensation is the effect on a population (such as a fish stock) whereby, due to certain causes, a decrease in the breeding population (mature individuals) leads to reduced production and survival of eggs or offspring.

New!!: Overexploitation and Depensation · See more »

Diminishing returns

In economics, diminishing returns is the decrease in the marginal (incremental) output of a production process as the amount of a single factor of production is incrementally increased, while the amounts of all other factors of production stay constant.

New!!: Overexploitation and Diminishing returns · See more »


The dodo (Raphus cucullatus) is an extinct flightless bird that was endemic to the island of Mauritius, east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean.

New!!: Overexploitation and Dodo · See more »


Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.

New!!: Overexploitation and Earth · See more »

Ecological release

Ecological release refers to a population increase or population explosion that occurs when a species is freed from limiting factors in its environment.

New!!: Overexploitation and Ecological release · See more »


Ecology (from οἶκος, "house", or "environment"; -λογία, "study of") is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.

New!!: Overexploitation and Ecology · See more »

Economic growth

Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.

New!!: Overexploitation and Economic growth · See more »


An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.

New!!: Overexploitation and Ecosystem · See more »

Ecosystem management

Ecosystem management is a process that aims to conserve major ecological services and restore natural resources while meeting the socioeconomic, political and cultural needs of current and future generations.

New!!: Overexploitation and Ecosystem management · See more »


Enclosure (sometimes inclosure) was the legal process in England of consolidating (enclosing) small landholdings into larger farms.

New!!: Overexploitation and Enclosure · See more »

Endangered species

An endangered species is a species which has been categorized as very likely to become extinct.

New!!: Overexploitation and Endangered species · See more »


Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.

New!!: Overexploitation and Endemism · See more »

European hedgehog

The European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus), also known as the West European hedgehog or common hedgehog, is a hedgehog species found in Europe, from Iberia and Italy northwards into Scandinavia.

New!!: Overexploitation and European hedgehog · See more »

Exploitation of natural resources

The exploitation of natural resources is the use of natural resources for economic growth, sometimes with a negative connotation of accompanying environmental degradation.

New!!: Overexploitation and Exploitation of natural resources · See more »


In biology, extinction is the termination of an organism or of a group of organisms (taxon), normally a species.

New!!: Overexploitation and Extinction · See more »


Fauna is all of the animal life of any particular region or time.

New!!: Overexploitation and Fauna · See more »

Fish stock

Fish stocks are subpopulations of a particular species of fish, for which intrinsic parameters (growth, recruitment, mortality and fishing mortality) are traditionally regarded as the significant factors determining the stock's population dynamics, while extrinsic factors (immigration and emigration) are traditionally ignored.

New!!: Overexploitation and Fish stock · See more »

Fisheries management

Fisheries management is the activity of protecting fishery resources so sustainable exploitation is possible, drawing on fisheries science, and including the precautionary principle.

New!!: Overexploitation and Fisheries management · See more »


Generally, a fishery is an entity engaged in raising or harvesting fish which is determined by some authority to be a fishery.

New!!: Overexploitation and Fishery · See more »


Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous—native plant life.

New!!: Overexploitation and Flora · See more »

Food and Agriculture Organization

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.

New!!: Overexploitation and Food and Agriculture Organization · See more »


A forest is a large area dominated by trees.

New!!: Overexploitation and Forest · See more »

Forest management

Forest management is a branch of forestry concerned with overall administrative, economic, legal, and social aspects, as well as scientific and technical aspects, such as silviculture, protection, and forest regulation.

New!!: Overexploitation and Forest management · See more »

Fossil water

Fossil water or paleowater is an ancient body of water that has been contained in some undisturbed space, typically groundwater in an aquifer, for millennia.

New!!: Overexploitation and Fossil water · See more »

Fur trade

The fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur.

New!!: Overexploitation and Fur trade · See more »

Game (hunting)

Game or quarry is any animal hunted for sport or for food.

New!!: Overexploitation and Game (hunting) · See more »

Garrett Hardin

Garrett James Hardin (April 21, 1915 – September 14, 2003) was an American ecologist and philosopher who warned of the dangers of overpopulation.

New!!: Overexploitation and Garrett Hardin · See more »

Giant otter

The giant otter or giant river otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) is a South American carnivorous mammal.

New!!: Overexploitation and Giant otter · See more »

Global warming

Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.

New!!: Overexploitation and Global warming · See more »


Gorillas are ground-dwelling, predominantly herbivorous apes that inhabit the forests of central Sub-Saharan Africa.

New!!: Overexploitation and Gorilla · See more »

Great auk

The great auk (Pinguinus impennis) is a species of flightless alcid that became extinct in the mid-19th century.

New!!: Overexploitation and Great auk · See more »

Habitat destruction

Habitat destruction is the process in which natural habitat is rendered unable to support the species present.

New!!: Overexploitation and Habitat destruction · See more »

Habitat fragmentation

Habitat fragmentation describes the emergence of discontinuities (fragmentation) in an organism's preferred environment (habitat), causing population fragmentation and ecosystem decay.

New!!: Overexploitation and Habitat fragmentation · See more »

Hubbert curve

The Hubbert curve is an approximation of the production rate of a resource over time.

New!!: Overexploitation and Hubbert curve · See more »

Hubbert peak theory

The Hubbert peak theory says that for any given geographical area, from an individual oil-producing region to the planet as a whole, the rate of petroleum production tends to follow a bell-shaped curve.

New!!: Overexploitation and Hubbert peak theory · See more »

Huffaker's mite experiment

In 1958, Carl B. Huffaker, an ecologist and agricultural entomologist at the University of California, Berkeley, did a series of experiments with predatory and herbivorous mite species to investigate predator–prey population dynamics.

New!!: Overexploitation and Huffaker's mite experiment · See more »

Human migration

Human migration is the movement by people from one place to another with the intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily in a new location.

New!!: Overexploitation and Human migration · See more »

Human overpopulation

Human overpopulation (or population overshoot) occurs when the ecological footprint of a human population in a specific geographical location exceeds the carrying capacity of the place occupied by that group.

New!!: Overexploitation and Human overpopulation · See more »


Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping animals, or pursuing or tracking them with the intent of doing so.

New!!: Overexploitation and Hunting · See more »

Hybrid (biology)

In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.

New!!: Overexploitation and Hybrid (biology) · See more »


Hydrology is the scientific study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including the water cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability.

New!!: Overexploitation and Hydrology · See more »

Individual fishing quota

Individual fishing quotas (IFQs) also known as "individual transferable quotas" (ITQs) are one kind of catch share, a means by which many governments regulate fishing.

New!!: Overexploitation and Individual fishing quota · See more »

Introduced species

An introduced species (alien species, exotic species, non-indigenous species, or non-native species) is a species living outside its native distributional range, which has arrived there by human activity, either deliberate or accidental.

New!!: Overexploitation and Introduced species · See more »

Invasive species

An invasive species is a species that is not native to a specific location (an introduced species), and that has a tendency to spread to a degree believed to cause damage to the environment, human economy or human health.

New!!: Overexploitation and Invasive species · See more »

Island ecology

Island ecology is the study of island organisms and their interactions with each other and the environment.

New!!: Overexploitation and Island ecology · See more »

Jevons paradox

In economics, the Jevons paradox (sometimes Jevons effect) occurs when technological progress increases the efficiency with which a resource is used (reducing the amount necessary for any one use), but the rate of consumption of that resource rises because of increasing demand.

New!!: Overexploitation and Jevons paradox · See more »


Kelps are large brown algae seaweeds that make up the order Laminariales.

New!!: Overexploitation and Kelp · See more »

Kelp forest

Kelp forests are underwater areas with a high density of kelp.

New!!: Overexploitation and Kelp forest · See more »

Keystone species

A keystone species is a species that has a disproportionately large effect on its environment relative to its abundance.

New!!: Overexploitation and Keystone species · See more »

Killer whale

| status.

New!!: Overexploitation and Killer whale · See more »


A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, that is surrounded by land, apart from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake.

New!!: Overexploitation and Lake · See more »

Land tenure

In common law systems, land tenure is the legal regime in which land is owned by an individual, who is said to "hold" the land.

New!!: Overexploitation and Land tenure · See more »

Leviathan (Hobbes book)

Leviathan or The Matter, Forme and Power of a Common-Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civil—commonly referred to as Leviathan—is a book written by Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679) and published in 1651 (revised Latin edition 1668). Its name derives from the biblical Leviathan. The work concerns the structure of society and legitimate government, and is regarded as one of the earliest and most influential examples of social contract theory. Leviathan ranks as a classic western work on statecraft comparable to Machiavelli's The Prince. Written during the English Civil War (1642–1651), Leviathan argues for a social contract and rule by an absolute sovereign. Hobbes wrote that civil war and the brute situation of a state of nature ("the war of all against all") could only be avoided by strong, undivided government.

New!!: Overexploitation and Leviathan (Hobbes book) · See more »

Local extinction

Local extinction or extirpation is the condition of a species (or other taxon) that ceases to exist in the chosen geographic area of study, though it still exists elsewhere.

New!!: Overexploitation and Local extinction · See more »


Logging is the cutting, skidding, on-site processing, and loading of trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton cars.

New!!: Overexploitation and Logging · See more »


Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.

New!!: Overexploitation and Madagascar · See more »


Mamo or hoohoo is a common name for two species of extinct birds.

New!!: Overexploitation and Mamo · See more »


Mauritius (or; Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about off the southeast coast of the African continent.

New!!: Overexploitation and Mauritius · See more »

Maximum sustainable yield

In population ecology and economics, maximum sustainable yield or MSY is theoretically, the largest yield (or catch) that can be taken from a species' stock over an indefinite period.

New!!: Overexploitation and Maximum sustainable yield · See more »

Māori people

The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.

New!!: Overexploitation and Māori people · See more »

Medicinal plants

Medicinal plants, also called medicinal herbs, have been discovered and used in traditional medicine practices since prehistoric times.

New!!: Overexploitation and Medicinal plants · See more »


In terrestrial zoology, megafauna (from Greek μέγας megas "large" and New Latin fauna "animal life") are large or giant animals.

New!!: Overexploitation and Megafauna · See more »


The moa were nine species (in six genera) of flightless birds endemic to New Zealand.

New!!: Overexploitation and Moa · See more »


Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusksThe formerly dominant spelling mollusk is still used in the U.S. — see the reasons given in Gary Rosenberg's.

New!!: Overexploitation and Mollusca · See more »

Myth of superabundance

The myth of superabundance is the belief that earth has more than sufficient natural resources to satisfy humanity's needs, and that no matter how much of these resources humanity uses, the planet will continuously replenish the supply.

New!!: Overexploitation and Myth of superabundance · See more »

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.

New!!: Overexploitation and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration · See more »

National park

A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes.

New!!: Overexploitation and National park · See more »

Natural product

A natural product is a chemical compound or substance produced by a living organism—that is, found in nature.

New!!: Overexploitation and Natural product · See more »

Natural resource

Natural resources are resources that exist without actions of humankind.

New!!: Overexploitation and Natural resource · See more »

Natural resource management

Natural resource management refers to the management of natural resources such as land, water, soil, plants and animals, with a particular focus on how management affects the quality of life for both present and future generations (stewardship).

New!!: Overexploitation and Natural resource management · See more »

New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

New!!: Overexploitation and New Zealand · See more »


Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.

New!!: Overexploitation and Nitrate · See more »

Occupancy–abundance relationship

In ecology, the occupancy–abundance (O–A) relationship is the relationship between the abundance of species and the size of their ranges within a region.

New!!: Overexploitation and Occupancy–abundance relationship · See more »

Ocean acidification

Ocean acidification is the ongoing decrease in the pH of the Earth's oceans, caused by the uptake of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

New!!: Overexploitation and Ocean acidification · See more »

Oʻahu tree snail

Oahu tree snails, genus Achatinella, form a large genus of colorful, tropical, tree-living, air-breathing, land snails, arboreal pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the family Achatinellidae.

New!!: Overexploitation and Oʻahu tree snail · See more »

Ogallala Aquifer

The Ogallala Aquifer is a shallow water table aquifer surrounded by sand, silt, clay and gravel located beneath the Great Plains in the United States.

New!!: Overexploitation and Ogallala Aquifer · See more »

Our Plundered Planet

Our Plundered Planet is a book published in 1948 that was written by Fairfield Osborn about environmental destruction by humankind.

New!!: Overexploitation and Our Plundered Planet · See more »


Overconsumption is a situation where resource use has outpaced the sustainable capacity of the ecosystem.

New!!: Overexploitation and Overconsumption · See more »


Overdrafting is the process of extracting groundwater beyond the equilibrium yield of the aquifer.

New!!: Overexploitation and Overdrafting · See more »


Overfishing is the removal of a species of fish from a body of water at a rate that the species cannot replenish in time, resulting in those species either becoming depleted or very underpopulated in that given area.

New!!: Overexploitation and Overfishing · See more »


Overgrazing occurs when plants are exposed to intensive grazing for extended periods of time, or without sufficient recovery periods.

New!!: Overexploitation and Overgrazing · See more »


Overlogging is a kind of overexploitation caused by legal or illegal logging activities that lead to unsustainable or irrecoverable deforestation and permanent habitat destruction for forest wildlife.

New!!: Overexploitation and Overlogging · See more »


Overpopulation occurs when a species' population exceeds the carrying capacity of its ecological niche.

New!!: Overexploitation and Overpopulation · See more »

Pacific Institute

The Pacific Institute for Studies in Development, Environment, and Security is an American non-profit research institute created in 1987 to provide independent research and policy analysis on issues of development, environment, and security, with a particular focus on global and regional freshwater issues.

New!!: Overexploitation and Pacific Institute · See more »


Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibres of cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets.

New!!: Overexploitation and Paper · See more »

Partula (gastropod)

Partula is a genus of air-breathing tropical land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the family Partulidae.

New!!: Overexploitation and Partula (gastropod) · See more »


Pasture (from the Latin pastus, past participle of pascere, "to feed") is land used for grazing.

New!!: Overexploitation and Pasture · See more »

Peak oil

Peak oil is the theorized point in time when the maximum rate of extraction of petroleum is reached, after which it is expected to enter terminal decline.

New!!: Overexploitation and Peak oil · See more »

Peak water

Peak water is a concept that underlines the growing constraints on the availability, quality, and use of freshwater resources.

New!!: Overexploitation and Peak water · See more »

Planetary boundaries

Planetary boundaries is a concept of nine Earth system processes which have boundaries proposed in 2009 by a group of Earth system and environmental scientists led by Johan Rockström from the Stockholm Resilience Centre and Will Steffen from the Australian National University.

New!!: Overexploitation and Planetary boundaries · See more »


Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change.

New!!: Overexploitation and Pollution · See more »


Predation is a biological interaction where a predator (a hunting animal) kills and eats its prey (the organism that is attacked).

New!!: Overexploitation and Predation · See more »

Quaternary extinction event

The Quaternary period saw the extinctions of numerous predominantly megafaunal species, which resulted in a collapse in faunal density and diversity, and the extinction of key ecological strata across the globe.

New!!: Overexploitation and Quaternary extinction event · See more »


Reforestation is the natural or intentional restocking of existing forests and woodlands (forestation) that have been depleted, usually through deforestation.

New!!: Overexploitation and Reforestation · See more »

Renewable resource

A renewable resource is a natural resource which replenishes to overcome resource depletion caused by usage and consumption, either through biological reproduction or other naturally recurring processes in a finite amount of time in a human time scale.

New!!: Overexploitation and Renewable resource · See more »

Resource depletion

Resource depletion is the consumption of a resource faster than it can be replenished.

New!!: Overexploitation and Resource depletion · See more »


Rwanda (U Rwanda), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a sovereign state in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland.

New!!: Overexploitation and Rwanda · See more »

Saiga antelope

The saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica) is a critically endangered antelope that originally inhabited a vast area of the Eurasian steppe zone from the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains and Caucasus into Dzungaria and Mongolia.

New!!: Overexploitation and Saiga antelope · See more »

Saribus rotundifolius

Saribus rotundifolius, round-leaf fountain palm, is a palm found in Southeast Asia.

New!!: Overexploitation and Saribus rotundifolius · See more »

Science (journal)

Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.

New!!: Overexploitation and Science (journal) · See more »

Sea otter

The sea otter (Enhydra lutris) is a marine mammal native to the coasts of the northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean.

New!!: Overexploitation and Sea otter · See more »

Sea urchin

Sea urchins or urchins are typically spiny, globular animals, echinoderms in the class Echinoidea.

New!!: Overexploitation and Sea urchin · See more »

Social dilemma

A social dilemma is a situation in which an individual profits from selfishness unless everyone chooses the selfish alternative, in which case the whole group loses.

New!!: Overexploitation and Social dilemma · See more »

Social trap

In psychology, a social trap is a situation in which a group of people act to obtain short-term individual gains, which in the long run leads to a loss for the group as a whole.

New!!: Overexploitation and Social trap · See more »

Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

New!!: Overexploitation and Southeast Asia · See more »

Species richness

Species richness is the number of different species represented in an ecological community, landscape or region.

New!!: Overexploitation and Species richness · See more »

Stock management

Stock management is the function of understanding the stock mix of a company and the different demands on that stock.

New!!: Overexploitation and Stock management · See more »


Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.

New!!: Overexploitation and Sustainability · See more »

Sustainable development

Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend.

New!!: Overexploitation and Sustainable development · See more »

Sustainable yield

The sustainable yield of natural capital is the ecological yield that can be extracted without reducing the base of capital itself, i.e. the surplus required to maintain ecosystem services at the same or increasing level over time.

New!!: Overexploitation and Sustainable yield · See more »


The BMJ is a weekly peer-reviewed medical journal.

New!!: Overexploitation and The BMJ · See more »

Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes (5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679), in some older texts Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury, was an English philosopher who is considered one of the founders of modern political philosophy.

New!!: Overexploitation and Thomas Hobbes · See more »

Traditional Chinese medicine

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a style of traditional medicine built on a foundation of more than 2,500 years of Chinese medical practice that includes various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage (tui na), exercise (qigong), and dietary therapy, but recently also influenced by modern Western medicine.

New!!: Overexploitation and Traditional Chinese medicine · See more »

Tragedy of the anticommons

The tragedy of the anticommons is a type of coordination breakdown, in which a single resource has numerous rightsholders who prevent others from using it, frustrating what would be a socially desirable outcome.

New!!: Overexploitation and Tragedy of the anticommons · See more »

Tragedy of the commons

The tragedy of the commons is a term used in social science to describe a situation in a shared-resource system where individual users acting independently according to their own self-interest behave contrary to the common good of all users by depleting or spoiling that resource through their collective action.

New!!: Overexploitation and Tragedy of the commons · See more »

Trophic cascade

Trophic cascades are powerful indirect interactions that can control entire ecosystems, occurring when predators in a food web suppress the abundance or alter the behavior of their prey, thereby releasing the next lower trophic level from predation (or herbivory if the intermediate trophic level is a herbivore).

New!!: Overexploitation and Trophic cascade · See more »

Tropical fish

Tropical fish are generally those fish found in aquatic tropical environments around the world, including both freshwater and saltwater species.

New!!: Overexploitation and Tropical fish · See more »

Tyranny of small decisions

The tyranny of small decisions is a phenomenon explored in an essay of the same name, published in 1966 by the American economist Alfred E. Kahn.

New!!: Overexploitation and Tyranny of small decisions · See more »


Uist or The Uists (Uibhist) are two islands and part of the Outer Hebrides of Scotland.

New!!: Overexploitation and Uist · See more »


Ungulates (pronounced) are any members of a diverse group of primarily large mammals that includes odd-toed ungulates such as horses and rhinoceroses, and even-toed ungulates such as cattle, pigs, giraffes, camels, deer, and hippopotami.

New!!: Overexploitation and Ungulate · See more »


Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).

New!!: Overexploitation and Vertebrate · See more »


The vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) or vicuna (both, very rarely spelled vicugna) is one of the two wild South American camelids which live in the high alpine areas of the Andes, the other being the guanaco.

New!!: Overexploitation and Vicuña · See more »

West Africa

West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.

New!!: Overexploitation and West Africa · See more »

Wild fisheries

A fishery is an area with an associated fish or aquatic population which is harvested for its commercial value.

New!!: Overexploitation and Wild fisheries · See more »

Wildlife trade

Wildlife trade refers to the commerce of products that are derived from non-domesticated animals or plants usually extracted from their natural environment or raised under controlled conditions.

New!!: Overexploitation and Wildlife trade · See more »

William Forster Lloyd

William Forster Lloyd FRS (1794 – 2 June 1852) was a British writer on economics.

New!!: Overexploitation and William Forster Lloyd · See more »

World Conservation Monitoring Centre

The UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) is an executive agency of the United Nations Environment Programme, based in Cambridge in the United Kingdom.

New!!: Overexploitation and World Conservation Monitoring Centre · See more »

Redirects here:

Over exploit, Over exploitation, Over exploited, Over farming, Over harvest, Over harvested, Over harvesting, Over-exploit, Over-exploitation, Over-exploited, Over-farming, Over-harvest, Over-harvested, Over-harvesting, Overexploit, Overexploitation of water resources, Overexploited, Overfarming, Overharvest, Overharvested, Overharvesting, Overhunting, Superexploitation, Superexploiting.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overexploitation

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »