614 relations: A Question of Upbringing, A. S. Byatt, A34 road, A40 road, A420 road, A423 road, A44 road, Abergavenny, Aberystwyth, Abingdon-on-Thames, Alfred Jewel, All Souls College, Oxford, An Instance of the Fingerpost, Ancient Greek philosophy, Anglo-Saxons, Anthony Powell, Anyone Can Play Guitar (film), Archibald Constable, Architecture of England, Arriva Sapphire, Arriva Shires & Essex, Arriva UK Bus, Ashmolean Museum, Aston's Eyot, Atlantic Ocean, Augustinians, Augustus Pitt Rivers, Aylesbury, Azad University IR in Oxford, Æthelred the Unready, Balliol College, Oxford, Banbury, Banbury railway station, Banbury Road, Bate Collection of Musical Instruments, BBC, BBC Oxford, BBC Radio 1, Beaumont Palace, Beaumont Street, Bedford railway station, Begbroke Science Park, Bellfounding, Bentley Rhythm Ace, Berkshire, Bicester, Bicester Village railway station, Binsey, Oxfordshire, Birmingham, Birmingham International railway station, ..., Birmingham Snow Hill railway station, Bishop of Oxford, Black British, Blackbird Leys, Blackwell's, BMW, Bodleian Library, Bonn, Botley Road, Botley, Oxfordshire, Bournemouth railway station, Brasenose College, Oxford, Brecon, Brewer Street, Oxford, Brian Aldiss, Brian Horton, Brideshead Revisited, Bridge of Sighs (Oxford), Bristol, British Asian, British Leyland, British Library, British Summer Time, British Universities Ice Hockey Association, Broad Street, Oxford, C. S. Lewis, Cabinet of curiosities, Cambridge, Carfax, Oxford, Carmarthen, Carmelites, Carola Oman, Castle Mill Stream, Catte Street, Ceremonial counties of England, Cesarewitch (greyhounds), Charles I of England, Charles II of England, Charles Simonyi, Charles Williams (British writer), Cheltenham, Chiltern Main Line, Chiltern Railways, Chippenham, Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford, Christ Church Picture Gallery, Christ Church, Oxford, Christian theology, Church of England, Cistercians, City of Oxford Silver Band, City status in the United Kingdom, Clarendon Shopping Centre, Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom, Clive Upton, Coaching inn, Coat of arms of Oxford, Colin Cowdrey, Colin Dexter, Conference League, Conference League South, Connie Willis, Cornmarket Street, Corpus Christi College, Oxford, Countries of the United Kingdom, County borough, County town, Coventry, Covered Market, Oxford, Cowley Barracks, Cowley Road, Oxford, Cowley, Oxfordshire, Crackout (band), CrossCountry, Cumnor Hill, Cutteslowe, Cutteslowe Park, Oxford, Daily Information, Danes (Germanic tribe), Dean Court, Oxfordshire, Dean Saunders, Dean Whitehead, Denis Smith (footballer, born 1947), Detective fiction, Development control in the United Kingdom, Didcot, Didcot Parkway railway station, Diocese, Dive Dive, Diversified Communications, DJ Shadow, Do it yourself, Dodo, Dominican Order, Doomsday Book (novel), Dorothy L. Sayers, Douglas Jardine, Earl of Oxford, East Anglia, East West Rail, Edward VII, EFL Cup, EFL League One, Elite League (speedway), Elsevier, Embrace (English band), Endeavour (TV series), Endymion Spring, England in the Middle Ages, English as a second or foreign language, English Civil War, English Football League, English football league system, English Place-Name Society, English-speaking world, European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion, Euston railway station, Evelyn Waugh, Evesham, Exeter College, Oxford, Faber and Faber, Firoz Kassam, First York, Fishguard, Flood-meadow, Florence of Worcester, Flywheel energy storage, Foals (band), Folly Bridge, Football League First Division, Football League Second Division, Football League Third Division, Ford (crossing), Four-minute mile, Franciscans, Frontage road, Fuddruckers, Gatwick Airport, Gatwick Airport railway station, Gaudy Night, Geoffrey of Monmouth, George Spencer, 4th Duke of Marlborough, George Street, Oxford, Glass Animals, Gloucester, Gloucester Green, Golden Cross, Oxford, Goldrush (band), Grade separation, Grandpont, Great Plague of London, Great Western Railway, Great Western Railway (train operating company), Greene King, Greenwich Mean Time, Grenoble, Haddenham, Buckinghamshire, Hans Nielsen (speedway rider), Harry Potter, Haverfordwest, Hayes & Harlington railway station, Headington, Headington Hill, Heart Thames Valley, Heathrow Airport, Heathrow Connect, Henry Hare, Henry II of England, Hereford, Hereford railway station, Hertford College, Oxford, High Street, Oxford, High Wycombe, High Wycombe railway station, His Dark Materials, Historia Regum Britanniae, History of Anglo-Saxon England, History of science, Howard Marks, Hugh Latimer, Hurricane No. 1, Hybrid electric bus, Iain Pears, Ian Greaves, Iffley, Iffley Lock, Iffley Road, Imran Khan, Inspector Morse, Inspector Morse (TV series), Ipswich railway station, Iris Murdoch, Irish migration to Great Britain, Islamic Azad University, ISO 3166-2:GB, ITSO Ltd, J. I. M. Stewart, J. M. Dent, J. M. W. Turner, J. R. R. Tolkien, Jack 2 (radio station), Jack FM (United Kingdom), James A. Owen, Javier Marías, Jericho, Oxford, Jesus College, Oxford, Jim Smith (footballer, born 1940), John Aldridge, John Buchan, John Donaldson (author), John Henry Brookes, John Lewis Partnership, John of Worcester, John Radcliffe Hospital, John Taylor & Co, John Wain, John, King of England, Jude the Obscure, Jurassic, Kassam Stadium, Köppen climate classification, Keble College, Oxford, Kenneth Grahame, Kidlington, Lab 4, Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, Latin, League 1 (rugby league), León, Nicaragua, Legal deposit, Leiden, Leonardo da Vinci, Lewis (TV series), Lewis Carroll, List of attractions in Oxford, List of mayors of Oxford, List of museums in Oxford, List of Oxford architects, List of sovereign states, Little Clarendon Street, Littlemore, Llandovery, London, London and North Western Railway, London Paddington station, London station group, London Welsh RFC, Lord mayor, Loughborough, Lye Valley, M3 motorway (Great Britain), M40 motorway, Magdalen Bridge, Magdalen College, Oxford, Magdalen Street, Manchester, Manchester Piccadilly station, Manor Ground (Oxford), Mara Yamauchi, Marcus du Sautoy, Marston, Oxford, Martyrs' Memorial, Oxford, Marylebone station, Matt Elliott (footballer), Matthew Arnold, Maurice Evans (footballer, born 1936), Max Beerbohm, Medal (band), Mercia, Merton College Chapel, Merton College, Oxford, Merton Street, Mesopotamia, Oxford, Messiah Stradivarius, Met Office, Michelangelo, Milton Keynes, Milton Keynes Coachway, Mini (marque), Mixed (United Kingdom ethnicity category), Modern Art Oxford, Monmouth, Morrells Brewing Company, Morris Motors, Motorcycle speedway, Mr. Nice, Municipal Corporations Act 1835, Museum of Oxford, Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, National Express Coaches, National League (English football), National League South, Nature reserve, New College Lane, New Hinksey, New Marston, New Theatre Oxford, Newbury bypass, Newbury, Berkshire, Newcastle railway station, Newsquest, Nicholas Ridley (martyr), Nightshift (magazine), Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics, Non-metropolitan district, Norham Manor, Norman conquest of England, North Hinksey, North Oxford, North Parade, Northern England, Norwich railway station, O'Reilly Theatre, Oceanic climate, Odeon Cinemas, OFS Studio, Old Master, ONS coding system, Ordnance Survey National Grid, Oriel Square, Oscar Wilde, Osney, Osney Lock, Other White, Otmoor, Ox, OX postcode area, Oxfam, Oxford Airport, Oxford bags, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford Bus Company, Oxford Business Park, Oxford Canal, Oxford Castle, Oxford Cavaliers, Oxford Cheetahs, Oxford City Council, Oxford City F.C., Oxford City Nomads F.C., Oxford City Stars, Oxford Harlequins Rugby Football Club, Oxford Ice Rink, Oxford Instruments, Oxford Journal, Oxford Mail, Oxford Martyrs, Oxford Movement, Oxford Oratory, Oxford Playhouse, Oxford R.F.C., Oxford railway station, Oxford Rewley Road railway station, Oxford Ring Road, Oxford Rugby League, Oxford Saints, Oxford Science Park, Oxford Stadium, Oxford to London coach route, Oxford Town Hall, Oxford United F.C., Oxford University Boat Club, Oxford University Cricket Club, Oxford University Innovation, Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Oxford University Press, Oxford University RFC, Oxford-Burcot Commission, Oxfordian (stage), Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire Architectural and Historical Society, Oxfordshire County Council, Oxfordshire County Cricket Club, Oxpens Road, P. D. James, Pablo Picasso, Pall Mall Stakes, Paradise Street, Oxford, Parian Chronicle, Park and ride, Park End Street, Park Town, Oxford, Parks Road, Passle, Perm, Pershore, Philip Pullman, Phoenix Picturehouse, Pitt Rivers Museum, Port Meadow, Oxford, Precipitation, Premier League, Premiership Rugby, Pressed Steel Company, Provisions of Oxford, Punt (boat), Queen Street, Oxford, Radcliffe Observatory, Radcliffe Square, Radiohead, Ramón Díaz, Ray Houghton, Raymond Williams, Reading railway station, Reading, Berkshire, Regions of England, Richard I of England, Ride (band), River Cherwell, River Thames, RM Education, Robert D'Oyly, Rock Edge Nature Reserve, Roger Bannister, Rose Hill, Oxfordshire, Roundhead, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, Rugby league, Rugby union, Rugby, Warwickshire, Ruskin College, Salters Steamers, Samuel Allsopp & Sons, Science Area, Oxford, Scorpion Macehead, Seacourt, Seat of local government, Second Generation (Williams novel), Serial comma, Sheldonian Theatre, Sheriff, Shotover, Siege of Oxford, Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, Simonyi Professor for the Public Understanding of Science, Siobhan Dowd, Sister city, Six TV, Slough, Solihull, Somerville College, Oxford, South East England, South Park, Oxford, South Today, Southampton, Southampton Airport Parkway railway station, Spiritualized, St Aldate's, Oxford, St Anne's College, Oxford, St Clement's, Oxford, St Edmund Hall, Oxford, St Edward's School, Oxford, St John's College, Oxford, St Mary's Hospital Medical School, St Scholastica Day riot, St. Brice's Day massacre, St. Ebbes, Stagecoach bus route X5, Stagecoach Gold, Stagecoach Gold bus route S1, Stagecoach Gold bus route S2, Stagecoach Gold bus route S3, Stagecoach Gold bus route S4, Stagecoach Gold bus route S5, Stagecoach Gold bus route S8, Stagecoach in Oxfordshire, Steven Spielberg, Stornoway (band), Stratford-upon-Avon, Summertown, Oxford, Sunnymead, Supergrass, Susan Cooper, Sweating sickness, Swervedriver, Sweyn Forkbeard, Swindon, T. 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A Question of Upbringing is the opening novel in Anthony Powell's A Dance to the Music of Time, a twelve-volume cycle spanning much of the 20th century.
Dame Antonia Susan Duffy HonFBA (née Drabble; born 24 August 1936), known professionally as A. S. Byatt, is an English novelist, poet and Booker Prize winner.
The A34 is a major road in England.
The A40 is a major trunk road connecting London to Goodwick (Fishguard), Wales, and officially called The London to Fishguard Trunk Road (A40) in all legal documents and Acts.
The A420 is a road between Bristol and Oxford in England.
The A423 road is a primary A road in England in two sections.
The A44 is a major road in the United Kingdom that runs from Oxford in southern England to Aberystwyth in west Wales.
Abergavenny (Y Fenni, archaically Abergafenni meaning "Mouth of the River Gavenny") is a market town in Monmouthshire, Wales.
Aberystwyth (Mouth of the Ystwyth) is a historic market town, administrative centre, and holiday resort within Ceredigion, West Wales, often colloquially known as Aber.
Abingdon-on-Thames, also known as Abingdon on Thames or just Abingdon, is a historic market town and civil parish in the ceremonial county of Oxfordshire, England.
The Alfred Jewel is a piece of Anglo-Saxon goldsmithing work made of enamel and quartz enclosed in gold.
All Souls College (official name: College of the souls of all the faithful departed) is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England.
An Instance of the Fingerpost is a 1997 historical mystery novel by Iain Pears.
Ancient Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BC and continued throughout the Hellenistic period and the period in which Ancient Greece was part of the Roman Empire.
The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.
Anthony Dymoke Powell (21 December 1905 – 28 March 2000) was an English novelist best known for his twelve-volume work A Dance to the Music of Time, published between 1951 and 1975.
Anyone Can Play Guitar is a documentary film made by Jon Spira, examining the music scene in Oxford over the period starting 1978, but focusing on 1984–2007.
Archibald David Constable (24 February 1774 – 21 July 1827) was a Scottish publisher, bookseller and stationer.
The architecture of England is the architecture of modern England and in the historic Kingdom of England.
Arriva Sapphire is a premium brand used by various Arriva bus subsidiaries in the United Kingdom.
Arriva Shires & Essex is a bus operator providing services in Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Essex, Hertfordshire and Greater London, with one service extending to Oxfordshire.
Arriva UK Bus is a major bus operator in the United Kingdom.
The Ashmolean Museum (in full the Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology) on Beaumont Street, Oxford, England, is the world's first university museum.
Aston's Eyot is a island on the east bank of the River Thames in the city of Oxford, England, southeast of Christ Church Meadow.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
The term Augustinians, named after Augustine of Hippo (354–430), applies to two distinct types of Catholic religious orders, dating back to the first millennium but formally created in the 13th century, and some Anglican religious orders, created in the 19th century, though technically there is no "Order of St.
Augustus Henry Lane-Fox Pitt Rivers (14 April 18274 May 1900) was an English officer in the British Army, ethnologist, and archaeologist.
Aylesbury is the county town of Buckinghamshire, England.
The Azad University in Oxford (AUO) is a university campus in Oxford, England, branch of the Islamic Azad University, Iran.
Æthelred II (Old English: Æþelræd,;Different spellings of this king’s name most commonly found in modern texts are "Ethelred" and "Æthelred" (or "Aethelred"), the latter being closer to the original Old English form Æþelræd. 966 – 23 April 1016), known as the Unready, was King of the English from 978 to 1013 and again from 1014 until his death.
Balliol College, founded in 1263,: Graduate Studies Prospectus - Last updated 17 Sep 08 is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
Banbury is a historic market town on the River Cherwell in Oxfordshire, England.
Banbury railway station serves the town of Banbury in Oxfordshire, England.
Banbury Road is a major arterial road in Oxford, England, running from St Giles' at the south end, north towards Banbury through the leafy suburb of North Oxford and Summertown, with its local shopping centre.
The Bate Collection of Musical Instruments is a collection of historic musical instruments, mainly for Western classical music, from the Middle Ages onwards.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC Oxford is the name given to the sub-opt out region serving Oxford and the surrounding areas.
BBC Radio 1 is a British radio station operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation which also broadcasts internationally, specialising in modern and current popular music and chart hits throughout the day. Radio 1 provides alternative genres after 7pm, including electronic dance, hip hop, rock, indie or interviews. It was launched in 1967 to meet the demand for music generated by pirate radio stations, when the average age of the UK population was 27. The BBC claim that they target the 1529 age group, and the average age of its UK audience since 2009 is 30. BBC Radio 1 started 24-hour broadcasting on 1 May 1991.
Beaumont Palace, built outside the north gate of Oxford, was intended by Henry I about 1130 to serve as a royal palace conveniently close to the royal hunting-lodge at Woodstock (now part of the park of Blenheim Palace).
Beaumont Street is a street in the centre of Oxford, England.
Bedford railway station (formerly Bedford Midland Road) is the larger of two railway stations in the town of Bedford in Bedfordshire, England.
Begbroke Science Park is a science park located five miles north of Oxford, England.
Bellfounding is the casting of bells in a foundry for use in churches, clocks, and public buildings.
Bentley Rhythm Ace (BRA) are a British electronic music duo formed in Birmingham in 1995, consisting of Mike Stokes and Richard March.
Berkshire (abbreviated Berks, in the 17th century sometimes spelled Barkeshire as it is pronounced) is a county in south east England, west of London and is one of the home counties.
Bicester is a town and civil parish in the Cherwell district of northeastern Oxfordshire in England.
Bicester Village (previously Bicester Town 1987–2015, Bicester London Road 1954–1987, Bicester 1850–1954) is one of two railway stations serving the town of Bicester in Oxfordshire (the other is). It is northeast of on the Oxford to Bletchley line near its junction with the Chiltern Main Line.
Binsey is a village by the River Thames about northwest of the centre of Oxford.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Birmingham International is a railway station located in Solihull in the West Midlands, to the east of the city of Birmingham, England.
Birmingham Snow Hill is a railway station and tram stop in the Birmingham City Centre, England.
The Bishop of Oxford is the diocesan bishop of the Church of England Diocese of Oxford in the Province of Canterbury; his seat is at Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford.
Black British are British citizens of Black origins or heritage, including those of African-Caribbean (sometimes called "Afro-Caribbean") background, and may include people with mixed ancestry.
Blackbird Leys is a civil parish and ward in Oxford, England.
Blackwell UK, also known as Blackwell's and Blackwell Group, is a British academic book retailer and library supply service.
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.
The Bodleian Library is the main research library of the University of Oxford, and is one of the oldest libraries in Europe.
The Federal City of Bonn is a city on the banks of the Rhine in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, with a population of over 300,000.
Botley Road is the main road into the centre of Oxford, England from the west.
Botley is a village in the civil parish of North Hinksey in the ceremonial county of Oxfordshire, just west of the Oxford city boundary.
Bournemouth railway station is the main railway station serving the beach-side town of Bournemouth, Dorset, England.
Brasenose College (BNC), officially The King's Hall and College of Brasenose, is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.
Brecon (Aberhonddu), archaically known as Brecknock, is a market town and community in Powys, Wales, with a population in 2001 of 7,901, increasing to 8,250 at the 2011 census.
Brewer Street is a historic narrow street in central Oxford, England, south of Carfax.
Brian Wilson Aldiss, OBE (18 August 1925 – 19 August 2017) was an English writer and anthologies editor, best known for science fiction novels and short stories.
Brian Horton (born 4 February 1949), also known by the nickname Nobby Horton, is an English former footballer and manager, who is now assistant to Phil Brown at Swindon Town.
Brideshead Revisited, The Sacred & Profane Memories of Captain Charles Ryder is a novel by English writer Evelyn Waugh, first published in 1945.
Hertford Bridge, often called "the Bridge of Sighs", is a skyway joining two parts of Hertford College over New College Lane in Oxford, England.
Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.
British Asians (also referred as South Asians in the United Kingdom, Asian British people or Asian Britons) are persons of South Asian descent who reside in the United Kingdom.
British Leyland was an automotive engineering and manufacturing conglomerate formed in the United Kingdom in 1968 as British Leyland Motor Corporation Ltd (BLMC), following the merger of Leyland Motors and British Motor Holdings.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
During British Summer Time (BST), civil time in the United Kingdom is advanced one hour forward of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) (in effect, changing the time zone from UTC+0 to UTC+1), so that evenings have more daylight and mornings have less.
The British Universities Ice Hockey Association was founded in spring term 2003 by a group of hockey players from the universities of Oxford, London, Nottingham and Newcastle.
Broad Street is a wide street in central Oxford, England, just north of the former city wall.
Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963) was a British novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, broadcaster, lecturer, and Christian apologist.
Cabinets of curiosities (also known in German loanwords as Kunstkabinett, Kunstkammer or Wunderkammer; also Cabinets of Wonder, and wonder-rooms) were encyclopedic collections of objects whose categorical boundaries were, in Renaissance Europe, yet to be defined.
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.
Carfax is at the junction of St Aldate's (south), Cornmarket Street (north), Queen Street (west) and the High Street (east) in Oxford, England.
Carmarthen (Caerfyrddin, "Merlin's fort") is the county town of Carmarthenshire in Wales.
The Order of the Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel or Carmelites (sometimes simply Carmel by synecdoche; Ordo Fratrum Beatissimæ Virginis Mariæ de Monte Carmelo) is a Roman Catholic religious order founded, probably in the 12th century, on Mount Carmel in the Crusader States, hence the name Carmelites.
Carola Oman (1897–1978) was an English historical novelist, biographer and children's writer, best known for her retelling of the Robin Hood legend and a 1946 biography of Admiral Lord Nelson.
Castle Mill Stream is a backwater of the River Thames in the west of Oxford, England.
Catte Street is a historic street in central Oxford, England.
The ceremonial counties, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England, are areas of England to which a Lord Lieutenant is appointed.
This page is about the British Greyhound Race.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Charles Simonyi (Simonyi Károly,; born September 10, 1948), son of Károly Simonyi, is a Hungarian-born American computer businessman.
Charles Walter Stansby Williams (20 September 1886 – 15 May 1945) was a British poet, novelist, playwright, theologian, literary critic, and member of the Inklings.
Cheltenham, also known as Cheltenham Spa, is a regency spa town and borough which is located on the edge of the Cotswolds, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in Gloucestershire, England.
The Chiltern Main Line is an inter-urban, regional and commuter railway, part of the British railway system.
Chiltern Railways is a British train operating company owned by Arriva UK Trains that has operated the Chiltern Railways franchise since July 1996.
Chippenham is a large historic market town in northwest Wiltshire, England.
Christ Church Cathedral is the cathedral of the diocese of Oxford, which consists of the counties of Oxford, Buckinghamshire and Berkshire.
Christ Church Picture Gallery is an art museum at Christ Church, one of the colleges of Oxford University in England.
Christ Church (Ædes Christi, the temple or house, ædēs, of Christ, and thus sometimes known as "The House") is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England.
Christian theology is the theology of Christian belief and practice.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
A Cistercian is a member of the Cistercian Order (abbreviated as OCist, SOCist ((Sacer) Ordo Cisterciensis), or ‘’’OCSO’’’ (Ordo Cisterciensis Strictioris Observantiae), which are religious orders of monks and nuns. They are also known as “Trappists”; as Bernardines, after the highly influential St. Bernard of Clairvaux (though that term is also used of the Franciscan Order in Poland and Lithuania); or as White Monks, in reference to the colour of the "cuccula" or white choir robe worn by the Cistercians over their habits, as opposed to the black cuccula worn by Benedictine monks. The original emphasis of Cistercian life was on manual labour and self-sufficiency, and many abbeys have traditionally supported themselves through activities such as agriculture and brewing ales. Over the centuries, however, education and academic pursuits came to dominate the life of many monasteries. A reform movement seeking to restore the simpler lifestyle of the original Cistercians began in 17th-century France at La Trappe Abbey, leading eventually to the Holy See’s reorganization in 1892 of reformed houses into a single order Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance (OCSO), commonly called the Trappists. Cistercians who did not observe these reforms became known as the Cistercians of the Original Observance. The term Cistercian (French Cistercien), derives from Cistercium, the Latin name for the village of Cîteaux, near Dijon in eastern France. It was in this village that a group of Benedictine monks from the monastery of Molesme founded Cîteaux Abbey in 1098, with the goal of following more closely the Rule of Saint Benedict. The best known of them were Robert of Molesme, Alberic of Cîteaux and the English monk Stephen Harding, who were the first three abbots. Bernard of Clairvaux entered the monastery in the early 1110s with 30 companions and helped the rapid proliferation of the order. By the end of the 12th century, the order had spread throughout France and into England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, Italy, and Eastern Europe. The keynote of Cistercian life was a return to literal observance of the Rule of St Benedict. Rejecting the developments the Benedictines had undergone, the monks tried to replicate monastic life exactly as it had been in Saint Benedict's time; indeed in various points they went beyond it in austerity. The most striking feature in the reform was the return to manual labour, especially agricultural work in the fields, a special characteristic of Cistercian life. Cistercian architecture is considered one of the most beautiful styles of medieval architecture. Additionally, in relation to fields such as agriculture, hydraulic engineering and metallurgy, the Cistercians became the main force of technological diffusion in medieval Europe. The Cistercians were adversely affected in England by the Protestant Reformation, the Dissolution of the Monasteries under King Henry VIII, the French Revolution in continental Europe, and the revolutions of the 18th century, but some survived and the order recovered in the 19th century.
The City of Oxford Silver Band is a long-established competing, performing and touring band playing in the British brass band tradition.
City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom to a select group of communities:, there are 69 cities in the United Kingdom – 51 in England, six in Wales, seven in Scotland and five in Northern Ireland.
The Clarendon Centre (or Clarendon Shopping Centre) is a shopping centre in central Oxford, England.
A number of different systems of classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom exist.
Clive Upton is a professor of English language at the University of Leeds, England, specializing in dialectology and sociolinguistics.
The coaching inn (also coaching house or staging inn) was a vital part of Europe's inland transport infrastructure until the development of the railway, providing a resting point for people and horses.
The coat of arms of Oxford is the official heraldic arms of Oxford, used by Oxford City Council.
Michael Colin Cowdrey, Baron Cowdrey of Tonbridge, (24 December 19324 December 2000) was an English first-class cricketer who played for Oxford University (1952–1954), Kent County Cricket Club (1950–1976) and England (1954–1975).
Norman Colin Dexter (29 September 1930 – 21 March 2017) was an English crime writer known for his Inspector Morse series of novels, which were written between 1975 and 1999 and adapted as an ITV television series, Inspector Morse, from 1987 to 2000.
The Conference League was the third and lowest division of motorcycle speedway racing in the United Kingdom governed by the Speedway Control Board (SCB), in conjunction with the British Speedway Promoters' Association (BSPA).
The Conference League South was a British rugby league division in the RFL's tier 4.
Constance Elaine Trimmer Willis (born December 31, 1945), commonly known as Connie Willis, is an American science fiction and fantasy writer.
Cornmarket Street (Otherwise colloquially referred to as Cornmarket or historically The Corn) is a major shopping street and pedestrian precinct in Oxford, England that runs north to south between Magdalen Street and Carfax Tower.
Corpus Christi College (full name:The President and Scholars of the College of Corpus Christi in the University of Oxford), is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.
The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
County borough is a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (excluding Scotland), to refer to a borough or a city independent of county council control.
A county town in Great Britain or Ireland is usually, but not always, the location of administrative or judicial functions within the county.
Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
The Covered Market is a historic market with permanent stalls and shops in a large covered structure in central Oxford, England.
Cowley Barracks (originally Bullingdon Barracks) was a military installation in Cowley, Oxfordshire, England.
Cowley Road is an arterial road in the city of Oxford, England, running southeast from near the city centre at The Plain near Magdalen Bridge, through the inner city area of East Oxford, and to the industrial suburb of Cowley.
Cowley in Oxford, England, is a residential and industrial area that forms a small conurbation within greater Oxford.
Crackout were an English three-piece pop punk band, formed in Bicester, Oxfordshire in 1997.
CrossCountry (legal name XC Trains Limited) is a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Arriva UK Trains, operating the New Cross Country franchise.
Cumnor Hill is a hill in the civil parish of Cumnor, to the west of the city of Oxford in the English county of Oxfordshire.
Cutteslowe is a suburb of north Oxford, England, between Sunnymead and Water Eaton.
Cutteslowe Park is a public park in Cutteslowe in North Oxford, England.
Daily Information (or Daily Info for short) is a printed information sheet in Oxford, England, displayed especially around the University colleges and departments, but also in local businesses.
The Danes were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting southern Scandinavia, including the area now comprising Denmark proper, during the Nordic Iron Age and the Viking Age.
Dean Court is a suburb west of the centre of Oxford, England.
Dean Nicholas Saunders (born 21 June 1964) is a Welsh football manager and former professional footballer who played as a striker in a career which lasted from 1982 until 2001.
Dean Whitehead (born 12 January 1982) is an English professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Premier League club Huddersfield Town.
Denis Smith (born 19 November 1947) is an English former professional footballer and manager.
Detective fiction is a subgenre of crime fiction and mystery fiction in which an investigator or a detective—either professional, amateur or retired—investigates a crime, often murder.
Development control, planning control, or (in Scotland) development management is the element of the United Kingdom's system of town and country planning through which local government regulates land use and new building.
Didcot is a railway town and civil parish in the ceremonial county of Oxfordshire and the historic county of Berkshire.
Didcot Parkway is a railway station serving the town of Didcot in Oxfordshire, England.
The word diocese is derived from the Greek term διοίκησις meaning "administration".
Dive Dive are a British rock band, composed of Jamie Stuart (guitar and vocals), Ben Lloyd (guitar and vocals), Nigel Powell (drums and vocals) and Tarrant Anderson (bass guitar).
Diversified Communications is a multimedia company, headquartered in Portland, Maine.
Joshua Paul "Josh" Davis (born June 29, 1972), better known by his stage name DJ Shadow, is an American record producer and DJ.
"Do it yourself" ("DIY") is the method of building, modifying, or repairing things without the direct aid of experts or professionals.
The dodo (Raphus cucullatus) is an extinct flightless bird that was endemic to the island of Mauritius, east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean.
The Order of Preachers (Ordo Praedicatorum, postnominal abbreviation OP), also known as the Dominican Order, is a mendicant Catholic religious order founded by the Spanish priest Dominic of Caleruega in France, approved by Pope Honorius III via the Papal bull Religiosam vitam on 22 December 1216.
Doomsday Book is a 1992 science fiction novel by American author Connie Willis.
Dorothy Leigh Sayers (13 June 1893 – 17 December 1957) was a renowned English crime writer and poet.
Douglas Robert Jardine (1900 – 1958) was a cricketer who played 22 Test matches for England, captaining the side in 15 of those matches between 1931 and 1934.
Earl of Oxford is a dormant title in the Peerage of England, first created for Edgar the Atheling and held by him from 1066 to 1068, and later offered to Aubrey III de Vere by the empress Matilda in 1141, one of four counties he could choose if Cambridgeshire was held by the king of Scotland.
East Anglia is a geographical area in the East of England.
East West Rail is a major project to establish a strategic railway connecting East Anglia with Central, Southern and Western England".
Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.
The EFL Cup (referred to historically, and colloquially, as simply the League Cup), currently known as the Carabao Cup for sponsorship reasons, is an annual knockout football competition in men's domestic English football.
The English Football League One (often referred to as League One for short or Sky Bet League One for sponsorship reasons) is the second-highest division of the English Football League and the third tier overall in the entire English football league system.
The Elite League was the top division of speedway league competition in the United Kingdom, governed by the Speedway Control Bureau (SCB), in conjunction with the British Speedway Promoters' Association (BSPA).
Elsevier is an information and analytics company and one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information.
Embrace are an English alternative rock band from Bailiff Bridge, West Yorkshire.
Endeavour is a British television detective drama series.
Endymion Spring is a children's fantasy novel by English Canadian author Matthew Skelton.
England in the Middle Ages concerns the history of England during the medieval period, from the end of the 5th century through to the start of the Early Modern period in 1485.
English as a second or foreign language is the use of English by speakers with different native languages.
The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance.
The English Football League (EFL) is a league competition featuring professional football clubs from England and Wales.
The English football league system, also known as the football pyramid, is a series of interconnected leagues for men's association football clubs in England, with six teams from Wales and one from Guernsey also competing.
The English Place-Name Society (EPNS) is a learned society concerned with toponomastics and the toponymy of England, in other words, the study of place-names (toponyms).
Approximately 330 to 360 million people speak English as their first language.
The European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion, briefly ESPON, is a European funded programme under the objective of "European Territorial Cooperation" of the Cohesion Policy of the European Union.
Euston railway station (also known as London Euston) is a central London railway terminus on Euston Road in the London Borough of Camden, managed by Network Rail.
Arthur Evelyn St.
Evesham is a market town and parish in the Wychavon district of Worcestershire, southern England with a population of 23,576, according to the 2011 census.
Exeter College (in full: The Rector and Scholars of Exeter College in the University of Oxford) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England and the fourth oldest college of the University.
Faber and Faber Limited, often abbreviated to Faber, is an independent publishing house in the United Kingdom.
Firoz Kassam (born 1955) is a British businessman.
First York is a bus operator operating services in York.
Fishguard (Abergwaun, meaning "Mouth of the River Gwaun") is a coastal town in Pembrokeshire, south-west Wales, with a population of 3,419 recorded in the 2011 Census.
A flood-meadow (or floodmeadow) is an area of grassland or pasture beside a river, subject to seasonal flooding.
Florence of Worcester (died 1118), known in Latin as Florentius, was a monk of Worcester, who played some part in the production of the Chronicon ex chronicis, a Latin world chronicle which begins with the creation and ends in 1140.
Flywheel energy storage (FES) works by accelerating a rotor (flywheel) to a very high speed and maintaining the energy in the system as rotational energy.
Foals are a rock band from Oxford, England formed in 2005, consisting of lead vocalist and lead guitarist Yannis Philippakis, drummer and percussionist Jack Bevan, rhythm guitarist Jimmy Smith, and keyboardist Edwin Congreave.
Folly Bridge is a stone bridge over the River Thames carrying the Abingdon Road south from the centre of Oxford, England.
The Football League First Division is a former division of The Football League, now known as the English Football League.
The Football League Second Division was the second level division in the English football league system between 1892 and 1992.
The Football League Third Division was the third tier of the English football league system in 1920–21 and again from 1958 until 1992.
A ford is a shallow place with good footing where a river or stream may be crossed by wading, or inside a vehicle getting its wheels wet.
In the sport of athletics, a four-minute mile means completing a mile run (1,760 yards, or 1,609.344 metres) in less than four minutes.
The Franciscans are a group of related mendicant religious orders within the Catholic Church, founded in 1209 by Saint Francis of Assisi.
A frontage road (also known as an access road, service road or parallel road) is a local road running parallel to a higher-speed, limited-access road.
Fuddruckers is an American fast casual, franchised restaurant chain that specializes in hamburgers.
Gatwick Airport (also known as London Gatwick) is a major international airport near Crawley in southeast England, south of Central London.
Gatwick Airport railway station serves London Gatwick Airport in West Sussex, England.
Gaudy Night (1935) is a mystery novel by Dorothy L. Sayers, the tenth featuring Lord Peter Wimsey, and the third including Harriet Vane.
Geoffrey of Monmouth (Galfridus Monemutensis, Galfridus Arturus, Gruffudd ap Arthur, Sieffre o Fynwy; c. 1095 – c. 1155) was a British cleric and one of the major figures in the development of British historiography and the popularity of tales of King Arthur.
George Spencer, 4th Duke of Marlborough, (26 January 1739 – 29 January 1817), styled Marquess of Blandford until 1758, was a British courtier, nobleman, and politician from the Spencer family.
George Street is a street in central Oxford, England.
Glass Animals are an English indie rock band from Oxford consisting of members Dave Bayley (lead vocals, guitar), Drew MacFarlane (guitar, keys, backing vocals), Edmund Irwin-Singer (bass, keys, backing vocals), and Joe Seaward (drums).
Gloucester is a city and district in Gloucestershire, England, of which it is the county town.
Gloucester Green is a square in central Oxford, England, and the site of the city's bus station.
Golden Cross (also previously known as the Cross Inn) is a shopping arcade at 5 Cornmarket Street in central Oxford, England.
Goldrush are a rock band from Oxfordshire, England.
Grade separation is the name given to a method of aligning a junction of two or more surface transport axes at different heights (grades) so that they will not disrupt the traffic flow on other transit routes when they cross each other.
Grandpont is a mainly residential area in south Oxford.
The Great Plague, lasting from 1665 to 1666, was the last major epidemic of the bubonic plague to occur in England.
The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company that linked London with the south-west and west of England, the Midlands, and most of Wales.
First Greater Western Limited, trading as Great Western Railway (GWR), is a British train operating company owned by FirstGroup that operates the Greater Western railway franchise.
Greene King is the UK's largest pub retailer and brewer.
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is the mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London.
Grenoble is a city in southeastern France, at the foot of the French Alps where the river Drac joins the Isère.
Haddenham is a village and civil parish in the Aylesbury Vale district of Buckinghamshire, England.
Hans Hollen Nielsen (born 26 December 1959 in Arentsminde near Brovst, Denmark) - a prominent speedway rider active from the 1970s to the late 1990s; winning the world title four times.
Harry Potter is a series of fantasy novels written by British author J. K. Rowling.
Haverfordwest (Hwlffordd) is the county town of Pembrokeshire, Wales, and the most populous urban area in Pembrokeshire with a population of 13,367 in 2001, though its community boundaries made it the second-most populous settlement in the county, with 10,812 people.
Hayes & Harlington is a railway station serving the west London districts Hayes and Harlington in the London Borough of Hillingdon.
Headington is a suburb of Oxford, England.
Headington Hill is a hill in the east of Oxford, England, in the suburb of Headington.
Heart Thames Valley is a local radio station owned and operated by Global Radio as part of the Heart network.
Heathrow Airport (also known as London Heathrow) is a major international airport in London, United Kingdom.
Heathrow Connect was a train service in London provided jointly by Heathrow Express and Great Western Railway (GWR), between Heathrow Airport and Paddington station.
Henry Thomas Hare (1861–1921) was an English architect who was born in Scarborough, Yorkshire and designed numerous public buildings in Britain.
Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also partially controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany.
Hereford is a cathedral city, civil parish and county town of Herefordshire, England.
Hereford railway station serves the city of Hereford, England.
Hertford College is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England.
The High Street in Oxford, England, runs between Carfax, generally recognised as the centre of the city, and Magdalen Bridge to the east.
High Wycombe, often referred to as Wycombe, is a large town in Buckinghamshire, England.
High Wycombe railway station is a railway station in the town of High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England.
His Dark Materials is an epic trilogy of fantasy novels by Philip Pullman consisting of Northern Lights (1995) (published as The Golden Compass in North America), The Subtle Knife (1997), and The Amber Spyglass (2000).
Historia regum Britanniae (The History of the Kings of Britain), originally called De gestis Britonum (On the Deeds of the Britons), is a pseudohistorical account of British history, written around 1136 by Geoffrey of Monmouth.
Anglo-Saxon England was early medieval England, existing from the 5th to the 11th century from the end of Roman Britain until the Norman conquest in 1066.
The history of science is the study of the development of science and scientific knowledge, including both the natural and social sciences.
Dennis Howard Marks (13 August 1945 – 10 April 2016) was a Welsh drug smuggler and author who achieved notoriety as an international cannabis smuggler through high-profile court cases.
Hugh Latimer (– 16 October 1555) was a Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge, and Bishop of Worcester before the Reformation, and later Church of England chaplain to King Edward VI.
Hurricane #1 are an English rock band, formed in Oxford in 1996.
A hybrid electric bus combines a conventional internal combustion engine propulsion system with an electric propulsion system.
Iain George Pears (born August 8, 1955) is an English art historian, novelist and journalist.
Ian Denzil Greaves (26 May 1932 – 2 January 2009) was an English football player and manager.
Iffley is a village in a designated Conservation Area in Oxfordshire, England.
Iffley Lock is a lock on the River Thames in England near the village of Iffley, Oxfordshire.
Iffley Road is a major arterial road in Oxford, England.
Imran Ahmad Khan Niazi PP, HI (born 5 October 1952) is the Chairman of Pakistan Movement of Justice and the candidate for the Prime Minister of Pakistan in the upcoming Pakistani general election, 2018.
Detective Chief Inspector Endeavour Morse GM is the eponymous fictional character in the series of detective novels by British author Colin Dexter.
Inspector Morse is a British detective drama television series based on a series of novels by Colin Dexter.
Ipswich railway station is on the Great Eastern Main Line in the East of England, serving the town of Ipswich, Suffolk.
Dame Jean Iris Murdoch (15 July 1919 – 8 February 1999) was a British novelist and philosopher born in Ireland to Irish parentage.
Irish migration to Great Britain has occurred from the earliest recorded history to the present.
The Islamic Azad University (IAU; دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی, Dāneshgāh-e Āzād-e Eslāmi) is a non-governmental private university system in Iran.
ISO 3166-2:GB is the entry for the United Kingdom in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
ITSO Ltd is a non-profit distributing technical, standardisation and interoperability membership organisation with objectives to.
John Innes Mackintosh Stewart (30 September 1906 – 12 November 1994) was a Scottish novelist and academic.
Joseph Malaby Dent (30 August 1849 – 9 May 1926) was a British book publisher who produced the Everyman's Library series.
Joseph Mallord William Turner (23 April 177519 December 1851), known as J. M. W. Turner and contemporarily as William Turner, was an English Romantic painter, printmaker and watercolourist, known for his expressive colourisation, imaginative landscapes and turbulent, often violent marine paintings.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, (Tolkien pronounced his surname, see his phonetic transcription published on the illustration in The Return of the Shadow: The History of The Lord of the Rings, Part One. Christopher Tolkien. London: Unwin Hyman, 1988. (The History of Middle-earth; 6). In General American the surname is also pronounced. This pronunciation no doubt arose by analogy with such words as toll and polka, or because speakers of General American realise as, while often hearing British as; thus or General American become the closest possible approximation to the Received Pronunciation for many American speakers. Wells, John. 1990. Longman pronunciation dictionary. Harlow: Longman, 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor who is best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.
JACK 2 is an Independent Local Radio station broadcasting in Oxfordshire, United Kingdom on FM, the Oxfordshire DAB multiplex and previously in Surrey and Hampshire on DAB and online.
JACKfm is an adult hits format radio station that broadcasts on 106.8 MHz FM in Oxford, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom and on DAB in Oxfordshire.
James A. Owen is an American comic book illustrator, publisher and writer.
Javier Marías (born 20 September 1951) is a Spanish novelist, translator, and columnist.
Jericho is an historic suburb of the English city of Oxford.
Jesus College (in full: Jesus College in the University of Oxford of Queen Elizabeth's Foundation) is one of the colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
James Michael Smith (born 17 October 1940) is an English retired footballer and manager.
John William "Aldo" Aldridge (born 18 September 1958 in Liverpool, England) is a former Republic of Ireland international footballer and football manager.
John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir, (26 August 1875 – 11 February 1940) was a Scottish novelist, historian, and Unionist politician who served as Governor General of Canada, the 15th since Canadian Confederation.
John Donaldson (1921?–1989), also known as Jon Inglis, was a British author and poet most particularly associated in later life with Oxford, England.
John Henry Brookes OBE (1891–1975), was an English craftsman, artist and educator associated with the predecessor institutions of Oxford Brookes University, which is named in his honour.
The John Lewis Partnership PLC (JLP) is a British company which operates John Lewis department stores, Waitrose supermarkets, its banking and financial services, and other retail-related activities.
John of Worcester (died c. 1140) was an English monk and chronicler who worked at Worcester Priory.
The John Radcliffe Hospital is a large tertiary teaching hospital in Oxford, England and a leading centre for medical research.
John Taylor & Co, commonly known as Taylor's Bell Foundry, Taylor's of Loughborough, or simply Taylor's, is the world's largest working bell foundry.
John Barrington Wain CBE (14 March 1925 – 24 May 1994) was an English poet, novelist, and critic, associated with the literary group known as "The Movement".
John (24 December 1166 – 19 October 1216), also known as John Lackland (Norman French: Johan sanz Terre), was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216.
Jude the Obscure is a novel by Thomas Hardy, which began as a magazine serial in December 1894 and was first published in book form in 1895.
The Jurassic (from Jura Mountains) was a geologic period and system that spanned 56 million years from the end of the Triassic Period million years ago (Mya) to the beginning of the Cretaceous Period Mya.
The Kassam Stadium (also known as Grenoble Road) is the home of Oxford United Football Club, and is named after the ground's owner and former chairman of the football club, Firoz Kassam.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Keble College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
Kenneth Grahame (8 March 1859 – 6 July 1932) was a Scottish writer, most famous for The Wind in the Willows (1908), one of the classics of children's literature.
Kidlington is a large village and civil parish between the River Cherwell and the Oxford Canal, north of Oxford and southwest of Bicester.
Lab 4 is a U.K. based hard trance act that was formed in 1994 by Adam Newman and Lez Elston.
Lady Margaret Hall (LMH) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England, located on the banks of the River Cherwell at Norham Gardens in north Oxford and adjacent to the University Parks.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
League 1 (for sponsorship reasons currently known as the Betfred League 1), is a professional rugby league competition based in England.
León is the second largest city in Nicaragua, after Managua.
Legal deposit is a legal requirement that a person or group submit copies of their publications to a repository, usually a library.
Leiden (in English and archaic Dutch also Leyden) is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland, Netherlands.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
Lewis is a British television detective drama produced for ITV.
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by his pen name Lewis Carroll, was an English writer, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon, and photographer.
Below is a list of major tourist attractions in Oxford, England.
The earliest recorded Mayor of Oxford in England was Laurence Kepeharm (1205–1207?).
The following museums and art galleries are located in the city of Oxford, England (with locations), many run by the University of Oxford.
This list of Oxford architects includes architects and architectural practices that have designed buildings in the university city of Oxford, England.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
Little Clarendon Street is a short shopping street in northwest Oxford, England.
Littlemore is a district and civil parish in Oxford, England.
Llandovery (Llanymddyfri) is a community and market town in Carmarthenshire, Wales.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The London and North Western Railway (LNWR, L&NWR) was a British railway company between 1846 and 1922.
Paddington, also known as London Paddington, is a Central London railway terminus and London Underground station complex, located on Praed Street in the Paddington area.
The London station group is a group of 18 railway stations served by the National Rail network in central London.
London Welsh Rugby Football Club (Clwb Rygbi Cymry Llundain) was a professional rugby union club formed in 1885.
The lord mayor is the title of the mayor of a major city in the United Kingdom or Commonwealth realm, with special recognition bestowed by the sovereign.
Loughborough is a town in the Charnwood borough of Leicestershire, England, seat of Charnwood Borough Council, and home to Loughborough University.
The Lye Valley Nature Reserve is a 4.5 hectare site east of the Churchill Hospital in Headington, Oxford, managed by Oxford City Council.
The M3 is a motorway that runs from Sunbury-on-Thames, Surrey, to Southampton, Hampshire, a distance of approximately.
The M40 is a motorway connecting London and Birmingham; part of this road forms a section of the unsigned European route E05.
Magdalen Bridge spans the divided stream of the River Cherwell just to the east of the City of Oxford, England, and next to Magdalen College, whence it gets its name and pronunciation.
Magdalen College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford.
Magdalen Street is a short shopping street in central Oxford, England, just north of the original north gate in the city walls.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Manchester Piccadilly is the principal railway station in Manchester, England.
The Manor Ground was a football stadium in Oxford, England, the home of Oxford United (previously known as Headington United) between 1925 and 2001.
Mara Rosalind Yamauchi (born Mara Myers 13 August 1973) is a British long-distance track and road running athlete.
Marcus Peter Francis du Sautoy (born 26 August 1965) is a British mathematician, author, and populariser of science and mathematics.
Marston is a village in the civil parish of Old Marston about northeast of the centre of Oxford, England.
The Martyrs' Memorial is a stone monument positioned at the intersection of St Giles', Magdalen Street and Beaumont Street, just outside Balliol College, Oxford, England.
Marylebone station is a Central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station in the Marylebone area of the City of Westminster.
Matthew Stephen "Matt" Elliott (born 1 November 1968) is a former professional footballer, most notably as a defender for Leicester City.
Matthew Arnold (24 December 1822 – 15 April 1888) was an English poet and cultural critic who worked as an inspector of schools.
Maurice George Evans (22 September 1936 – 18 August 2000) was a football player with Reading Football Club, and later manager of Shrewsbury, Reading and Oxford United.
Sir Henry Maximilian "Max" Beerbohm (24 August 1872 – 20 May 1956) was an English essayist, parodist, and caricaturist under the signature Max.
Medal were an English alternative rock band from Oxford.
Mercia (Miercna rīce) was one of the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy.
Merton College Chapel is the church of Merton College, Oxford, England.
Merton College (in full: The House or College of Scholars of Merton in the University of Oxford) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
Merton Street is a historic and picturesque cobbled street in central Oxford, England.
Mesopotamia is a narrow ait (about 800 yards by 30 yards) that forms part of the University Parks in Oxford, England.
The Messiah-Salabue Stradivarius of 1716 is a violin made by Italian luthier Antonio Stradivari of Cremona.
The Met Office (officially the Meteorological Office) is the United Kingdom's national weather service.
Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni or more commonly known by his first name Michelangelo (6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564) was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet of the High Renaissance born in the Republic of Florence, who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.
Milton Keynes, locally abbreviated to MK, is a large townAlthough Milton Keynes was specified to be a city in scale and the term "city" is used locally (inter alia to avoid confusion with its constituent towns), formally this title cannot be used.
The Milton Keynes Coachway (also Milton Keynes coach station) is a Coachway interchange close to junction 14 of the M1 Motorway on the eastern edge of Milton Keynes, north Buckinghamshire, England.
Mini (stylised as MINI) is a British automotive marque, owned by BMW since 2000, and used by them for a range of small cars.
Mixed is an ethnicity category that has been used by the United Kingdom's Office for National Statistics since the 1991 Census.
Modern Art Oxford is an art gallery established in 1965 in Oxford, England.
Monmouth (Trefynwy meaning "town on the Monnow") is the historic county town of Monmouthshire, Wales.
Morrell's Brewing Company was a brewery in Oxford, England, which operated under that name between 1782 and 1998.
Morris Motors Limited was a British privately owned motor vehicle manufacturing company formed in 1919 to take over the assets of William Morris's WRM Motors Limited and continue production of the same vehicles.
Motorcycle speedway, usually referred to as speedway, is a motorcycle sport involving four and sometimes up to six riders competing over four anti-clockwise laps of an oval circuit.
Mr Nice (US title Mr. Nice) is a 2010 British-Spanish crime-drama.
The Municipal Corporations Act 1835 (5 & 6 Wm. IV., c.76), sometimes known as the Municipal Reform Act, was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that reformed local government in the incorporated boroughs of England and Wales.
The Museum of Oxford is a history museum in Oxford, England, covering the history of the City and University of Oxford.
The Museum of the History of Science in Broad Street, Oxford, England, holds a leading collection of scientific instruments from Middle Ages to the 19th century.
National Express is an intercity and InterRegional coach operator providing services throughout Great Britain.
The National League is an association football league in England consisting of three divisions, the National League, National League North and National League South.
The National League South, formerly Conference South (billed as The Vanarama National League South for sponsorship reasons), is one of the second divisions of the National League in England, immediately below the top division National League.
A nature reserve (also called a natural reserve, bioreserve, (natural/nature) preserve, or (national/nature) conserve) is a protected area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research.
New College Lane is a historic street in central Oxford, England, named after New College, one of the older Oxford colleges, adjacent to the north.
New Hinksey is a suburb in the south of the city of Oxford.
New Marston is a suburb about northeast of the centre of Oxford, England.
New Theatre Oxford (formerly known as the Apollo Theatre Oxford or simply The Apollo from 1977–2003) is the main commercial theatre in Oxford, England and has a capacity of 1,800 people.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The Newbury bypass, officially known as The Winchester-Preston Trunk Road (A34) (Newbury Bypass), is a stretch of dual carriageway road which bypasses the town of Newbury in Berkshire, England.
Newbury is a market town in Berkshire, England, which is the administrative headquarters of West Berkshire.
Newcastle railway station (also known as Newcastle Central Station) is on the East Coast Main Line in the United Kingdom, serving the city of Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear.
Newsquest Media Group Ltd. is the second largest publisher of regional and local newspapers in the United Kingdom with 205 brands across the UK, publishing online and in print (165 newspaper brands and 40 magazine brands).
Nicholas Ridley (–16 October 1555) was an English Bishop of London (the only bishop called "Bishop of London and Westminster").
Nightshift is a free monthly music magazine in Oxford, England.
The Classification of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS; French: Nomenclature des unités territoriales statistiques) is a geocode standard for referencing the subdivisions of countries for statistical purposes.
Non-metropolitan districts, or colloquially "shire districts", are a type of local government district in England.
The Norham Manor estate is a residential suburb in Oxford, England.
The Norman conquest of England (in Britain, often called the Norman Conquest or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, Flemish and French soldiers led by Duke William II of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.
North Hinksey is a village and civil parish in Oxfordshire, England, immediately west of Oxford.
North Oxford is a suburban part of the city of Oxford in England.
North Parade, or more formally North Parade Avenue, is a short shopping street in north Oxford, England.
Northern England, also known simply as the North, is the northern part of England, considered as a single cultural area.
Norwich railway station (formerly Norwich Thorpe) is the eastern terminus of the Great Eastern Main Line in the East of England, serving the city of Norwich, Norfolk.
The O'Reilly Theatre is a flexible studio theatre on Blackhall Road, central north Oxford, England.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
Odeon is a cinema brand name operating in the United Kingdom, Ireland and Norway, which along with UCI Cinemas and Nordic Cinema Group is part of the Odeon Cinemas Group subsidiary of AMC Theatres.
Arts at the Old Fire Station (OFS, formerly the Old Fire Station Theatre and Old Fire Station Arts Centre) is a social enterprise in Oxford (40 George Street or Gloucester Green, Oxford, OX1 2AQ) comprising a gallery, theatre and studio for dance, drama and music, workshops for artists as well as a shop selling original work by artists and designers.
Sleeping Venus'' (c. 1510), Dresden, Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister. In art history, "Old Master" (or "old master"), Christies.com.
In the United Kingdom, the Office for National Statistics maintains a series of codes to represent a wide range of geographical areas of the UK, for use in tabulating census and other statistical data.
The Ordnance Survey National Grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references used in Great Britain, distinct from latitude and longitude.
Oriel Square, formerly known as Canterbury SquareHibbert, Christopher, The Encyclopedia of Oxford.
Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 185430 November 1900) was an Irish poet and playwright.
Osney or Osney Island (an earlier spelling of the name is Oseney) is a riverside community in the west of the city of Oxford, England.
Osney Lock is a lock on the River Thames in Oxford, England, where the village or island of Osney is next to the river.
The term Other White is a classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom and has been used in documents such as the 2011 UK Census to describe people who self-identify as white persons who are not of the English, Welsh, Scottish or Irish ethnic groupings.
Otmoor or Ot Moor is an area of wetland and wet grassland in Oxfordshire, England, located halfway between Oxford and Bicester.
An ox (plural oxen), also known as a bullock in Australia and India, is a bovine trained as a draft animal or riding animal.
The OX postcode area, also known as the Oxford postcode area, is a group of 26 postcode districts in England, which are subdivisions of 17 post towns.
Oxfam is a confederation of 20 independent charitable organizations focusing on the alleviation of global poverty, founded in 1942 and led by Oxfam International.
Oxford Airport, also known as London Oxford Airport or Kidlington Airport, is a privately owned airport located near Kidlington in Cherwell District, Oxfordshire, northwest by north of Oxford, from Central London.
Oxford bags were a loose-fitting baggy form of trousers favoured by members of the University of Oxford, especially undergraduates, in England during the early 20th century from the mid-1920s to around the 1950s.
Oxford Brookes University is a public university in Oxford, England.
Oxford Bus Company is the trading name of The City of Oxford Motor Services Ltd.
The Oxford Business Park is a business park of at Cowley on the eastern edge of Oxford, England.
The Oxford Canal is a narrow canal in central England linking Oxford with Bedworth (between Coventry and Nuneaton on the Coventry Canal) via Banbury and Rugby.
Oxford Castle is a large, partly ruined Norman medieval castle on the western side of central Oxford in Oxfordshire, England.
Oxford Cavaliers Rugby League Football Club is the first amateur rugby league club formed in Oxford in the summer era.
The Oxford Cheetahs were a British speedway team based at Oxford Stadium, in Oxford, England.
Oxford City Council provides local government for the city of Oxford in England.
Oxford City Football Club is an English football club based in Marston, Oxford.
Oxford City Nomads F.C. are a football club based in Oxford, England.
The Oxford City Stars are an ice hockey team based in Oxford, England.
Oxford Harlequins Rugby Football Club is a rugby union club based in Oxford.
Oxford Ice Rink is a 56 × 26m ice rink located on Oxpens Road in Oxford, England.
Oxford Instruments plc is a United Kingdom manufacturing and research company that designs and manufactures tools and systems for industry and research.
The Oxford Journal was a free newspaper distributed throughout the city of Oxford in the county of Oxfordshire, UK.
Oxford Mail is a daily tabloid newspaper in Oxford owned by Newsquest.
The Oxford Martyrs were Protestants tried for heresy in 1555 and burnt at the stake in Oxford, England, for their religious beliefs and teachings, during the Marian persecution in England.
The Oxford Movement was a movement of High Church members of the Church of England which eventually developed into Anglo-Catholicism.
The Oxford Oratory Church of St Aloysius Gonzaga (or Oxford Oratory for short) is the Catholic parish church for the centre of Oxford, England.
Oxford Playhouse (often just known as the Playhouse by locals) is an independent theatre designed by Sir Edward Maufe.
Oxford Rugby Football Club is a rugby union club based in Oxford.
Oxford railway station is a mainline railway station serving the city of Oxford, England.
Oxford Rewley Road railway station was a railway station serving the city of Oxford, England, located immediately to the north of what is now Frideswide Square on the site of the Saïd Business School, to the west of Rewley Road.
The Oxford ring road is a ring road around the city of Oxford, England.
Oxford Rugby League was a semi-professional rugby league club based in Oxford, England.
Oxford Saints American Football Club is a British American football club that competes in the BAFANL (British American Football Association National League).
The Oxford Science Park (OSP) is a science and technology park located on the southern edge of the city of Oxford, England.
Oxford Stadium is a former greyhound racing and speedway venue in Oxford, located in Sandy Lane, Cowley.
The Oxford to London coach route is an express coach route between Oxford and London along the M40 motorway.
Oxford Town Hall is a public building in St Aldate's Street in central Oxford, England.
Oxford United Football Club is a professional football club based in the city of Oxford, Oxfordshire, England.
Oxford University Boat Club (OUBC) is the rowing club of the University of Oxford, England, located on the River Thames at Oxford.
Oxford University Cricket Club (OUCC), which represents the University of Oxford, has always held important or first-class status and is classified as an important team by substantial sources from 1827 to 1894; classified as an official first-class team from 1895 by Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and the County Championship clubs; and classified as a List A team in 1973 only.
Oxford University Innovation, previously known as Isis Innovation (1988-2016) and Oxford University Research and Development Ltd (1997-1998) is a British technology transfer company, wholly owned by the University of Oxford, located on Botley Road, Oxford, England.
The Oxford University Museum of Natural History, sometimes known simply as the Oxford University Museum or OUMNH, is a museum displaying many of the University of Oxford's natural history specimens, located on Parks Road in Oxford, England.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The Oxford University Rugby Football Club (Oxford University RFC or OURFC) is the rugby union club of the University of Oxford.
The Oxford-Burcot Commission was the first Commission concerned with the management of the River Thames, appointed by an Act of Parliament of 1605 by James I to make the stretch of river from Burcot to Oxford navigable.
The Oxfordian is, in the ICS' geologic timescale, the earliest age of the Late Jurassic epoch, or the lowest stage of the Upper Jurassic series.
Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from Oxonium, the Latin name for Oxford) is a county in South East England.
The Oxfordshire Architectural and Historical Society (OAHS) has existed in one form or another since at least 1839, although with its current name only since 1972.
Oxfordshire County Council, established in 1889, is the county council, or upper-tier local authority, for the non-metropolitan county of Oxfordshire, in the South East of England, an elected body responsible for the most strategic local government services in the county.
Oxfordshire County Cricket Club is one of twenty minor county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales.
Oxpens Road is a road in central Oxford, England, linking west and south Oxford.
Phyllis Dorothy James, Baroness James of Holland Park, (3 August 1920 – 27 November 2014), known professionally as P. D. James, was an English crime writer.
Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.
The Pall Mall Stakes was a prestigious greyhound competition held at Oxford Stadium until it closed in 2012.
Paradise Street is a street in central Oxford, England.
The Parian Chronicle or Parian Marble (Marmor Parium, Mar. Par.) is a Greek chronology, covering the years from 1582 BC to 299 BC, inscribed on a stele.
Park and ride (or incentive parking) facilities are parking lots with public transport connections that allow commuters and other people heading to city centres to leave their vehicles and transfer to a bus, rail system (rapid transit, light rail, or commuter rail), or carpool for the remainder of the journey.
Park End Street is a street in central Oxford, England, to the west of the centre of the city, close to the railway station at its western end.
Park Town is a small residential area in central North Oxford, a suburb of Oxford, England.
Parks Road is a road in Oxford, England, with several Oxford University colleges along its route.
Passle is an Oxford and London based start-up in the B2B marketing technology domain.
Perm (p;Gramota.ru.) is a city and the administrative center of Perm Krai, Russia, located on the banks of the Kama River in the European part of Russia near the Ural Mountains.
Pershore is a market town in Worcestershire, England, on the banks of the River Avon.
Philip Pullman CBE, FRSL (born 19 October 1946) is an English novelist.
The Phoenix Picturehouse is a cinema in Oxford, England.
The Pitt Rivers Museum is a museum displaying the archaeological and anthropological collections of the University of Oxford in Oxford, England.
Port Meadow is a large meadow of open common land beside the River Thames to the north and west of Oxford, England.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
The Premier League is the top level of the English football league system.
Premiership Rugby (officially known as Gallagher Premiership Rugby, or the Gallagher Premiership due to sponsorship reasons) is an English professional rugby union competition.
Pressed Steel Company Limited was a British car body manufacturing business founded at Cowley near Oxford in 1926 as a joint venture between William Morris, Budd Corporation of Philadelphia USA, which held the controlling interest, and a British / American bank J. Henry Schroder & Co At that time the company was named The Pressed Steel Company of Great Britain Limited.
The Provisions of Oxford were constitutional reforms developed in 1258 to resolve a dispute between the English barons and King Henry III.
A punt is a flat-bottomed boat with a square-cut bow, designed for use in small rivers or other shallow water.
Queen Street is a pedestrianised shopping street in central Oxford, England.
Radcliffe Observatory was the astronomical observatory of the University of Oxford from 1773 until 1934, when the Radcliffe Trustees sold it and built a new observatory in Pretoria, South Africa.
Radcliffe Square is a square in central Oxford, England.
Radiohead are an English rock band from Abingdon, Oxfordshire, formed in 1985.
Ramón Ángel Díaz (born 29 August 1959) is a former Argentine footballer and manager.
Raymond James Houghton (born 9 January 1962) is a retired football player, and current analyst and commentator with RTÉ Sport.
Raymond Henry Williams (31 August 1921 – 26 January 1988) was a Welsh Marxist theorist, academic, novelist and critic.
Reading railway station is a major transport hub in Reading, Berkshire, England.
Reading is a large, historically important minster town in Berkshire, England, of which it is the county town.
The regions of England, formerly known as the government office regions, are the highest tier of sub-national division in England.
Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 1189 until his death.
Ride are an English rock band that formed in 1988 in Oxford, England, consisting of Andy Bell, Mark Gardener, Laurence "Loz" Colbert, and Steve Queralt.
The River Cherwell is a major tributary of the River Thames in central England.
The River Thames is a river that flows through southern England, most notably through London.
RM Education is the principal division of the RM Group, a British company that specialises in providing Information Technology products and services to educational organisations and establishments.
Robert D'Oyly (also spelt Robert D'Oyley de Liseaux, Robert Doyley, Robert de Oiley, Robert d'Oilly, Robert D'Oyley and Roberti De Oilgi) was a Norman nobleman who accompanied William the Conqueror on the Norman Conquest, his invasion of England.
Rock Edge Nature Reserve is a small nature park in an area that was once a lime stone quarry in Oxford, England.
Sir Roger Gilbert Bannister (23 March 1929 – 3 March 2018) was a British middle-distance athlete, doctor and academic who ran the first sub-4-minute mile.
Rose Hill is a residential area, with some housing that has been council-owned, on the southern outskirts of Oxford, England.
Roundheads were supporters of the Parliament of England during the English Civil War.
The Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (Dutch: Koninklijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Instituut or KNMI) is the Dutch national weather forecasting service, which has its headquarters in De Bilt, in the province of Utrecht, Netherlands.
Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field.
Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
Rugby is a market town in Warwickshire, England, close to the River Avon.
Ruskin College, originally known as Ruskin Hall, Oxford, is an independent educational institution in Oxford, England.
Salters Steamers, formerly known as Salter Bros, is an old family boating firm on the River Thames, founded in Oxford in 1858.
Samuel Allsopp & Sons was one of the largest breweries operating in Burton upon Trent, England.
The Oxford University Science Area in Oxford, England, is where most of the science departments at the University of Oxford are located.
The Scorpion macehead (also known as the Major Scorpion macehead) is a decorated ancient Egyptian macehead found by British archeologists James E. Quibell and Frederick W. Green in what they called the main deposit in the temple of Horus at Hierakonpolis during the dig season of 1897/1898.
Seacourt is a deserted medieval village near Botley in Oxfordshire.
In local government, a city hall, town hall, civic centre, (in the UK or Australia) a guildhall, a Rathaus (German), or (more rarely) a municipal building, is the chief administrative building of a city, town, or other municipality.
Second Generation is a 1964 novel by Raymond Williams, set in the 1960s.
In English language punctuation, a serial comma or series comma (also called an Oxford comma or a Harvard comma) is a comma placed immediately before the coordinating conjunction (usually and or or) in a series of three or more terms.
The Sheldonian Theatre, located in Oxford, England, was built from 1664 to 1669 after a design by Christopher Wren for the University of Oxford.
A sheriff is a government official, with varying duties, existing in some countries with historical ties to England, where the office originated.
Shotover is a hill and forest in Oxfordshire, England.
The Siege of Oxford refers to the English Civil War military campaigns waged to besiege the Royalist controlled city of Oxford, involving three short engagements over twenty-five months, which ended with a Parliamentarian victory in June 1646.
Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (– 4 August 1265), also called Simon de Munford and sometimes referred to as Simon V de Montfort to distinguish him from other Simons de Montfort, was a French-English nobleman who inherited the title and estates of the earldom of Leicester in England.
The Simonyi Professorship for the Public Understanding of Science is a chair at the University of Oxford.
Siobhan Dowd (4 February 1960 – 21 August 2007) was a British writer and activist.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Six TV was the sixth free to air terrestrial television channel in the United Kingdom, broadcast in Oxford and Southampton.
Slough is a large town in Berkshire, England, on the western fringes of the Greater London Urban Area, west of central London, north of Windsor, east of Maidenhead, south-east of High Wycombe and north-east of the county town of Reading.
Solihull is a large town in the West Midlands of England with a population of 206,700 in the 2011 Census.
Somerville College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
South East England is the most populous of the nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
South Park is a park on Headington Hill in east Oxford, England.
South Today is the BBC's regional television news service for the south of England, covering Hampshire, Isle of Wight, West Sussex, much of Dorset and parts of Berkshire, Surrey and Wiltshire.
Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.
Southampton Airport Parkway railway station is on the South Western main line located in the south of Eastleigh in Hampshire, England, down the line from.
Spiritualized are an English space rock band formed in 1990 in Rugby, Warwickshire by Jason Pierce (often known as J. Spaceman), formerly of Spacemen 3.
St Aldate's is a street in central Oxford, England, named after Saint Aldate, but formerly known as Fish Street.
St Anne's College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
St Clement's is a district in Oxford, England, on the east bank of the River Cherwell.
St Edmund Hall (sometimes known as The Hall or affectionately as Teddy Hall) is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England.
St John's College is a constituent college of the University of Oxford.
St Mary's is the youngest of the constituent schools of Imperial College London, founded in 1854 as part of the new hospital in Paddington.
The St Scholastica Day riot of 10 February 1355 is one of the more notorious events in the history of Oxford, England.
St Ebbes is a district of central Oxford, England, southwest of Carfax.
Stagecoach bus route X5 is an inter-urban bus service linking Oxford and Cambridge via Bicester, Buckingham, Milton Keynes, Bedford and St Neots.
Stagecoach Gold is a luxury bus sub-brand used by various Stagecoach bus subsidiaries in the United Kingdom.
Stagecoach Gold bus route S1 is a bus route in England that links Carterton, Witney, Eynsham and Oxford.
Stagecoach Gold bus route S2 is a bus route in England that links Carterton, Witney and Oxford.
Stagecoach Gold bus route S3 is a bus route in England that links Chipping Norton, Charlbury, Woodstock, Yarnton and Oxford.
Stagecoach Gold bus route S4 is a bus route in England that links Banbury, Adderbury, Deddington, Steeple Aston, Tackley, Kidlington and Oxford.
Stagecoach Gold bus route S5 is a bus route in England that links Bicester, Gosford and Oxford.
Stagecoach Gold bus route S8 is a bus route in England that links Wantage, Grove, East Hanney, Marcham, Abingdon-on-Thames and Oxford.
Stagecoach in Oxfordshire is the trading name of Thames Transit Ltd.
Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946) is an American filmmaker.
Stornoway were a British alternative indie folk band from the Cowley area of Oxford.
Stratford-upon-Avon is a market town and civil parish in the Stratford-on-Avon District, in the county of Warwickshire, England, on the River Avon, north west of London, south east of Birmingham, and south west of Warwick.
Summertown in North Oxford is a suburb of Oxford, England.
Sunnymead is a suburb in the northern part of Oxford, England, just south of the Oxford Ring Road (A40).
Supergrass were an English rock band, formed in 1993 in Oxford.
Susan Mary Cooper (born 23 May 1935) is an English author of children's books.
Sweating sickness, also known as "English sweating sickness" or "English sweate" (sudor anglicus), was a mysterious and highly contagious disease that struck England, and later continental Europe, in a series of epidemics beginning in 1485.
Swervedriver are an English alternative rock band formed in Oxford in 1989 around core members Adam Franklin and Jimmy Hartridge.
Sweyn Forkbeard (Old Norse: Sveinn Haraldsson tjúguskegg; Danish: Svend Tveskæg; 960 – 3 February 1014) was king of Denmark during 986–1014.
Swindon is a large town in Wiltshire, South West England, between Bristol, to the west, and Reading, the same distance east.
Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence, (16 August 1888 – 19 May 1935) was a British archaeologist, military officer, diplomat, and writer.
Talulah Gosh were a guitar-pop group from Oxford, England and one of the leading bands of the twee pop movement, taking their name from the headline of an NME interview with Clare Grogan.
Templars Square is a shopping centre located in Between Towns Road, Cowley, Oxford, England.
Thame is a market town and civil parish in Oxfordshire, about east of the city of Oxford and southwest of the Buckinghamshire town of Aylesbury.
Thames & Hudson (also Thames and Hudson and sometimes T&H for brevity) is a publisher of illustrated books on art, architecture, design, and visual culture.
Thames Travel is a bus operator serving the southern part of the English county of Oxfordshire.
That's TV is a local television network in England, licensed to operate services in several conurbations.
The Blitz was a German bombing offensive against Britain in 1940 and 1941, during the Second World War.
The Boat Race is an annual rowing race between the Oxford University Boat Club and the Cambridge University Boat Club, rowed between men's and women's open-weight eights on the River Thames in London, England.
The Boston Globe (sometimes abbreviated as The Globe) is an American daily newspaper founded and based in Boston, Massachusetts, since its creation by Charles H. Taylor in 1872.
The Candyskins are a rock band formed in 1989 in Oxfordshire, England.
The Children of Men is a dystopian novel by P. D. James that was published in 1992.
The Dark Is Rising is a series of five contemporary fantasy novels for older children and young adults, written by the English author Susan Cooper and published 1965 to 1977.
The Egg is a British electronic dance music band, consisting of Ned Scott (keyboards), Maff Scott (drums), Paul Marshall (bass) and Matt White (lead guitar).
The Headington Shark (proper name Untitled 1986) is a rooftop sculpture located at 2 New High Street, Headington, Oxford, England, depicting a large shark embedded head-first in the roof of a house.
"The Isis" is an alternative name for the River Thames, used from its source in the Cotswolds until it is joined by the Thame at Dorchester in Oxfordshire.
The Midlands is a cultural and geographic area roughly spanning central England that broadly corresponds to the early medieval Kingdom of Mercia.
The Oxford Murders is a 2008 British-Spanish drama film directed by Álex de la Iglesia.
The Oxford Times is a weekly newspaper, published each Thursday in Oxford, England.
The Railway Magazine is a monthly British railway magazine, aimed at the railway enthusiast market, that has been published in London since July 1897.
The Saint is a 1997 espionage thriller DeLuxe Color film in Panavision, starring Val Kilmer in the title role, with Elisabeth Shue and Rade Šerbedžija, directed by Phillip Noyce and written by Jonathan Hensleigh and Wesley Strick.
The Scarlet Pimpernel is the first novel in a series of historical fiction by Baroness Orczy, published in 1905.
The Story Museum is a museum in Oxford, England.
Thomas Cranmer (2 July 1489 – 21 March 1556) was a leader of the English Reformation and Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and, for a short time, Mary I. He helped build the case for the annulment of Henry's marriage to Catherine of Aragon, which was one of the causes of the separation of the English Church from union with the Holy See.
Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron (17 January 1612 – 12 November 1671), also known as Sir Thomas, Lord Fairfax, was an English nobleman, peer, politician, general, and Parliamentary commander-in-chief during the English Civil War.
Thomas Hardy (2 June 1840 – 11 January 1928) was an English novelist and poet.
In the United Kingdom, a tied house is a public house required to buy at least some of its beer from a particular brewery or pub company.
Tom Tower is a bell tower in Oxford, England, named for its bell, Great Tom.
Thomas Stephen Caton (6 October 1962 – 30 April 1993) was an English footballer who played as a centre half for Manchester City, Arsenal, Oxford United and Charlton Athletic.
Tomorrow Never Dies is a 1997 British spy film, the eighteenth entry in the ''James Bond'' series to be produced by Eon Productions, and the second to star Pierce Brosnan as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond.
A tourist attraction is a place of interest where tourists visit, typically for its inherent or exhibited natural or cultural value, historical significance, natural or built beauty, offering leisure and amusement.
Town and gown are two distinct communities of a university town; "town" being the non-academic population and "gown" metonymically being the university community, especially in ancient seats of learning such as Oxford, Cambridge, Edinburgh, Aberdeen and St Andrews, although the term is also used to describe modern university towns as well as towns with a significant public school.
The Trafalgar Cup is a greyhound competition held at Monmore Green Stadium for puppies under the age of two.
Travis are a Scottish rock band formed in Glasgow in 1990, composed of Fran Healy (lead vocals, rhythm guitar), Dougie Payne (bass guitar, backing vocals), Andy Dunlop (lead guitar, banjo, backing vocals) and Neil Primrose (drums, percussion).
Triceratops is a genus of herbivorous ceratopsid dinosaur that first appeared during the late Maastrichtian stage of the late Cretaceous period, about 68 million years ago (mya) in what is now North America.
The Order of the Most Holy Trinity and of the Captives (Ordo Sanctissimae Trinitatis et captivorum), often shortened to The Order of the Most Holy Trinity (Ordo Sanctissimae Trinitatis), or Trinitarians, is a Catholic religious order that was founded in the area of Cerfroid, some 80 km northeast of Paris, at the end of the twelfth century.
Trinity College (full name: The College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity in the University of Oxford, of the foundation of Sir Thomas Pope (Knight)) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
Turl Street is an historic street in central Oxford, England.
A tutorial is a method of transferring knowledge and may be used as a part of a learning process.
Tyrannosaurus is a genus of coelurosaurian theropod dinosaur.
The Ultimate Picture Palace is an independent cinema in Oxford, England.
Unbelievable Truth were a British rock band, led by Andy Yorke, with Nigel Powell, Jason Moulster, and Jim Crosskey.
The University Church of St Mary the Virgin (St Mary's or SMV for short) is an Oxford church situated on the north side of the High Street.
University College (in full The Master and Fellows of the College of the Great Hall of the University of Oxford,Darwall-Smith, Robin, A History of University College, Oxford. Oxford University Press, 2008.. colloquially referred to as "Univ"), is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England.
A university museum is a repository of collections run by a university, typically founded to aid teaching and research within the institution of higher learning.
The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
The University of Oxford Botanic Garden is the oldest botanic garden in Great Britain and one of the oldest scientific gardens in the world.
The Oxford University Parks, commonly referred to locally as the University Parks, the Uni Parks or just The Parks, is a large parkland area slightly northeast of the city centre in Oxford, England.
Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl describes the expansion of human populations away from central urban areas into low-density, monofunctional and usually car-dependent communities, in a process called suburbanization.
Vera Mary Brittain (29 December 1893 – 29 March 1970) was an English Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) nurse, writer, feminist, and pacifist.
The Victoria History of the Counties of England, commonly known as the Victoria County History or the VCH, is an English history project which began in 1899 and was dedicated to Queen Victoria with the aim of creating an encyclopaedic history of each of the historic counties of England.
Victoria Glendinning, CBE (née Seebohm; born 23 April 1937) is a British biographer, critic, broadcaster and novelist; she is an Honorary Vice-President of English PEN, a winner of the James Tait Black Memorial Prize, was appointed a CBE in 1998 and is Vice-President of the Royal Society of Literature.
Vue Entertainment (otherwise known as Vue Cinemas, and stylised as vue), formerly SBC International Cinemas, is a cinema company operating in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland owned by.
Wadham College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.
Walton Manor is a residential suburb in Oxford, England.
Walton Street is on the eastern edge of the Jericho district of central Oxford, England.
Wantage is a historic market town and civil parish in the ceremonial county of Oxfordshire, England.
Water Eaton is a hamlet in the civil parish of Gosford and Water Eaton, between Oxford and Kidlington in Oxfordshire.
Waterstock is a village and civil parish on the River Thame about west of the market town of Thame in Oxfordshire.
The Waterways is housing estate in North Oxford, England.
Watford Junction is a railway station that serves Watford, Hertfordshire.
Wessex (Westseaxna rīce, the "kingdom of the West Saxons") was an Anglo-Saxon kingdom in the south of Great Britain, from 519 until England was unified by Æthelstan in the early 10th century.
The Westgate Centre (recently rebranded as Westgate Oxford) is a major shopping centre in Oxford city centre, England, that was extensively remodelled and extended between 2016–17.
Wheatley is a village and civil parish in Oxfordshire, about east of Oxford.
White British is an ethnicity classification used in the 2011 United Kingdom Census.
Wi-Fi or WiFi is technology for radio wireless local area networking of devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.
Wiley-Blackwell is the international scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons.
William Richard Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield (10 October 1877 – 22 August 1963) was an English motor manufacturer and philanthropist.
Winchester is a city and the county town of Hampshire, England.
Windsor is a historic market town and unparished area in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England.
Witney is a historic market town on the River Windrush, west of Oxford in Oxfordshire, England.
Witney goods station served the Oxfordshire town of Witney on the Oxford, Witney and Fairford Railway.
Wolvercote is a village that is part of the City of Oxford, England.
Wolvercote Common is an area of grassed common land north of Port Meadow in Oxford, England.
Worcester is a city in Worcestershire, England, southwest of Birmingham, west-northwest of London, north of Gloucester and northeast of Hereford.
Worcester Shrub Hill railway station is one of two railway stations serving the city of Worcester in Worcestershire, England.
Worcestershire (written abbreviation: Worcs) is a county in the West Midlands of England.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
X-Men: First Class (stylized onscreen as X: First Class) is a 2011 American superhero film, based on the X-Men characters appearing in Marvel Comics.
York park and ride is a park & ride system operated by City of York Council in the English city of York.
Young Knives are an English indie rock band from Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire.
Young Sherlock Holmes (also known as Young Sherlock Holmes and the Pyramid of Fear) is a 1985 American mystery adventure film directed by Barry Levinson and written by Chris Columbus, based on the characters created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
Zuleika Dobson, full title Zuleika Dobson, or, an Oxford love story, is the only novel by Max Beerbohm, a very successful satire of undergraduate life at Oxford published in 1911.
102 Dalmatians is a 2000 American crime family comedy film directed by Kevin Lima in his live-action directorial debut and produced by Edward S. Feldman and Walt Disney Pictures.
The 2003 European heat wave led to the hottest summer on record in Europe since at least 1540.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
City of Dreaming Spires, City of Oxford, City of dreaming spires, County Borough of Oxford, Dreaming spires, Ford of the Oxen, Lion Brewery (U.K.), OXFORD, Oxeford, Oxenaforda, Oxford (England), Oxford astrophysics, Oxford, England, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Oxford, UK, Oxford, United Kingdom, Oxford, england, Rhydychen, The Dreaming Spires, The city of dreaming spires, The weather in Oxford, UN/LOCODE:GBOXF.