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Oxidation state

Index Oxidation state

The oxidation state, sometimes referred to as oxidation number, describes degree of oxidation (loss of electrons) of an atom in a chemical compound. [1]

88 relations: Acetylene, Alfred Stock, Antoine Lavoisier, Arsenite, Atom, Benzene, Block (periodic table), Bond order, Bond valence method, Carbon dioxide, Carbon tetrachloride, Chemical bond, Chemical compound, Chemical reaction, Chloroform, Chloromethane, Covalent bond, Covalent bond classification method, Dichloromethane, Disulfur dinitride, Dmitri Mendeleev, Electric charge, Electrochemistry, Electron, Ethane, Ethylene, Ethylene glycol, Formal charge, Formaldehyde, Formic acid, Friedrich Wöhler, Frost diagram, Functional group, Glyoxal, Half-reaction, Hexachloroethane, Ilmenite, Integer, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Ionic bonding, Ionization energy, Iridium tetroxide, Iron(II) chloride, Iron(III) chloride, Iron(III) sulfate, IUPAC books, Journal of Chemical Education, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Latimer diagram, Lewis acids and bases, ..., Lewis structure, Ligand, Linear combination of atomic orbitals, Linus Pauling, List of oxidation states of the elements, Magnetite, Methane, Minium, Nitric acid, Non-innocent ligand, Octet rule, Organic compound, Oxalic acid, Oxyacid, Oxygen, Peroxynitrous acid, Phosphorous acid, Pnictogen, Polysulfide, Propane, Redox, Resonance (chemistry), Rhenium trioxide, Roman numerals, Ruthenium(IV) oxide, Sodium cyclopentadienide, Squaric acid, Stock nomenclature, Structural isomer, Sulfate, Superoxide, Thiosulfate, Titanium(II) oxide, Transition metal, Tropylium cation, Valence electron, Wendell Mitchell Latimer, 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane. Expand index (38 more) »


Acetylene (systematic name: ethyne) is the chemical compound with the formula C2H2.

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Alfred Stock

Alfred Stock (July 16, 1876 – August 12, 1946) was a German inorganic chemist.

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Antoine Lavoisier

Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier (also Antoine Lavoisier after the French Revolution;; 26 August 17438 May 1794) CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) was a French nobleman and chemist who was central to the 18th-century chemical revolution and who had a large influence on both the history of chemistry and the history of biology.

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In chemistry, an arsenite is a chemical compound containing an arsenic oxoanion where arsenic has oxidation state +3.

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An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element.

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Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.

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Block (periodic table)

A block of the periodic table of elements is a set of adjacent groups.

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Bond order

Bond order is the number of chemical bonds between a pair of atoms.

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Bond valence method

The bond valence method or mean method (or bond valence sum) (not to be mistaken for the valence bond theory in quantum chemistry) is a popular method in coordination chemistry to estimate the oxidation states of atoms.

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Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.

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Carbon tetrachloride

Carbon tetrachloride, also known by many other names (the most notable being tetrachloromethane, also recognized by the IUPAC, carbon tet in the cleaning industry, Halon-104 in firefighting, and Refrigerant-10 in HVACR) is an organic compound with the chemical formula CCl4.

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Chemical bond

A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms, ions or molecules that enables the formation of chemical compounds.

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Chemical compound

A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.

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Chemical reaction

A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.

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Chloroform, or trichloromethane, is an organic compound with formula CHCl3.

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Chloromethane, also called methyl chloride, Refrigerant-40, R-40 or HCC 40, is a chemical compound of the group of organic compounds called haloalkanes.

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Covalent bond

A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.

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Covalent bond classification method

The covalent bond classification (CBC) method is also referred to as the LXZ notation.

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Methylene dichloride (DCM, or methylene chloride, or dichloromethane) is a geminal organic compound with the formula CH2Cl2.

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Disulfur dinitride

Disulfur dinitride is the chemical compound S2N2 with a cyclic square planar structure.

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Dmitri Mendeleev

Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev (a; 8 February 18342 February 1907 O.S. 27 January 183420 January 1907) was a Russian chemist and inventor.

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Electric charge

Electric charge is the physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force when placed in an electromagnetic field.

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Electrochemistry is the branch of physical chemistry that studies the relationship between electricity, as a measurable and quantitative phenomenon, and identifiable chemical change, with either electricity considered an outcome of a particular chemical change or vice versa.

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The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol or, whose electric charge is negative one elementary charge.

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Ethane is an organic chemical compound with chemical formula.

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Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C.

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Ethylene glycol

Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2OH)2.

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Formal charge

In chemistry, a formal charge (FC) is the charge assigned to an atom in a molecule, assuming that electrons in all chemical bonds are shared equally between atoms, regardless of relative electronegativity.

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No description.

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Formic acid

Formic acid, systematically named methanoic acid, is the simplest carboxylic acid.

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Friedrich Wöhler

Friedrich Wöhler (31 July 1800 – 23 September 1882) was a German chemist, best known for his synthesis of urea, but also the first to isolate several chemical elements.

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Frost diagram

A Frost diagram or Frost–Ebsworth diagram is a type of graph used by inorganic chemists in electrochemistry to illustrate the relative stability of a number of different oxidation states of a particular substance.

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Functional group

In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.

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Glyoxal is an organic compound with the chemical formula OCHCHO.

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A half reaction is either the oxidation or reduction reaction component of a redox reaction.

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Hexachloroethane, also known as perchloroethane (PCA), C2Cl6, is a white crystalline solid at room temperature with a camphor-like odor.

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Ilmenite, also known as Manaccanite, is a titanium-iron oxide mineral with the idealized formula.

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An integer (from the Latin ''integer'' meaning "whole")Integer 's first literal meaning in Latin is "untouched", from in ("not") plus tangere ("to touch").

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International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.

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Ionic bonding

Ionic bonding is a type of chemical bonding that involves the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions, and is the primary interaction occurring in ionic compounds.

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Ionization energy

The ionization energy (Ei) is qualitatively defined as the amount of energy required to remove the most loosely bound electron, the valence electron, of an isolated gaseous atom to form a cation.

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Iridium tetroxide

Iridium tetroxide (IrO4, Iridium(VIII) oxide) is a binary compound of oxygen and iridium in oxidation state +VIII.

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Iron(II) chloride

Iron(II) chloride, also known as ferrous chloride, is the chemical compound of formula FeCl2.

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Iron(III) chloride

Iron(III) chloride, also called ferric chloride, is an industrial scale commodity chemical compound, with the formula FeCl3 and with iron in the +3 oxidation state.

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Iron(III) sulfate

Iron(III) sulfate (or ferric sulfate), is the chemical compound with the formula Fe2(SO4)3.

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IUPAC books

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry publishes many books, which contain its complete list of definitions.

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Journal of Chemical Education

The Journal of Chemical Education is a monthly peer-reviewed academic journal available in both print and electronic versions.

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Journal of the American Chemical Society

The Journal of the American Chemical Society (also known as JACS) is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1879 by the American Chemical Society.

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Latimer diagram

A Latimer diagram of an element is a summary of the standard electrode potential data of that element.

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Lewis acids and bases

A Lewis acid is a chemical species that contains an empty orbital which is capable of accepting an electron pair from a Lewis base to form a Lewis adduct.

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Lewis structure

Lewis structures, also known as Lewis dot diagrams, Lewis dot formulas, Lewis dot structures, electron dot structures, or Lewis electron dot structures (LEDS), are diagrams that show the bonding between atoms of a molecule and the lone pairs of electrons that may exist in the molecule.

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In coordination chemistry, a ligand is an ion or molecule (functional group) that binds to a central metal atom to form a coordination complex.

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Linear combination of atomic orbitals

A linear combination of atomic orbitals or LCAO is a quantum superposition of atomic orbitals and a technique for calculating molecular orbitals in quantum chemistry.

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Linus Pauling

Linus Carl Pauling (February 28, 1901 – August 19, 1994) was an American chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author, educator, and husband of American human rights activist Ava Helen Pauling.

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List of oxidation states of the elements

This is a list of known oxidation states of the chemical elements, excluding nonintegral values.

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Magnetite is a rock mineral and one of the main iron ores, with the chemical formula Fe3O4.

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Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).

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Minium is a genus of thalloid alga.

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Nitric acid

Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.

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Non-innocent ligand

In chemistry, a (redox) non-innocent ligand is a ligand in a metal complex where the oxidation state is not clear.

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Octet rule

The octet rule is a chemical rule of thumb that reflects observation that atoms of main-group elements tend to combine in such a way that each atom has eight electrons in its valence shell, giving it the same electron configuration as a noble gas.

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Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

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Oxalic acid

Oxalic acid is an organic compound with the formula C2H2O4.

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An oxyacid, or oxoacid, is an acid that contains oxygen.

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Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

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Peroxynitrous acid

Peroxynitrous acid (HNO3) is a reactive nitrogen-containing species (RNS).

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Phosphorous acid

Phosphorous acid is the compound described by the formula H3PO3.

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A pnictogen is one of the chemical elements in group 15 of the periodic table.

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Polysulfides are a class of chemical compounds containing chains of sulfur atoms.

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Propane is a three-carbon alkane with the molecular formula C3H8.

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Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.

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Resonance (chemistry)

In chemistry, resonance or mesomerism is a way of describing delocalized electrons within certain molecules or polyatomic ions where the bonding cannot be expressed by one single Lewis structure.

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Rhenium trioxide

Rhenium trioxide or rhenium(VI) oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula ReO3.

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Roman numerals

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.

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Ruthenium(IV) oxide

Ruthenium(IV) oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula RuO2.

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Sodium cyclopentadienide

Sodium cyclopentadienide is an organosodium compound with the formula C5H5Na.

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Squaric acid

Squaric acid, also called quadratic acid because its four carbon atoms approximately form a square, is a dibasic organic acid with the chemical formula 424.

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Stock nomenclature

Stock nomenclature for inorganic compounds is a widely used system of chemical nomenclature developed by the German chemist Alfred Stock and first published in 1919.

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Structural isomer

Structural isomerism, or constitutional isomerism (per IUPAC), is a form of isomerism in which molecules with the same molecular formula have different bonding patterns and atomic organization, as opposed to stereoisomerism, in which molecular bonds are always in the same order and only spatial arrangement differs.

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The sulfate or sulphate (see spelling differences) ion is a polyatomic anion with the empirical formula.

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A superoxide is a compound that contains the superoxide anion, which has the chemical formula.

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Thiosulfate (IUPAC-recommended spelling; sometimes thiosulphate in British English) is an oxyanion of sulfur.

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Titanium(II) oxide

Titanium(II) oxide (TiO) is an inorganic chemical compound of titanium and oxygen.

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Transition metal

In chemistry, the term transition metal (or transition element) has three possible meanings.

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Tropylium cation

In organic chemistry, the tropylium ion is an aromatic species with a formula of +. Its name derives from the molecule tropine (itself named for the molecule atropine).

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Valence electron

In chemistry, a valence electron is an outer shell electron that is associated with an atom, and that can participate in the formation of a chemical bond if the outer shell is not closed; in a single covalent bond, both atoms in the bond contribute one valence electron in order to form a shared pair.

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Wendell Mitchell Latimer

Wendell Mitchell Latimer (April 22, 1893 – July 6, 1955) was a prominent chemist notable for his description of oxidation states in his book "The Oxidation States of the Elements and Their Potentials in Aqueous Solution" (ASIN B000GRXLSA, first published 1938).

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1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane is a chlorinated derivative of ethane.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxidation_state

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