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Oyster

Index Oyster

Oyster is the common name for a number of different families of salt-water bivalve molluscs that live in marine or brackish habitats. [1]

227 relations: Act of Parliament, Adductor muscles (bivalve), Ammonia, Angels on horseback, Animal, Anomiidae, Apalachicola, Florida, Aphrodisiac, Audio frequency, Bacteria, Baking, Barnacle, Biodiversity, Biological specificity, Bivalvia, Black drum, Black pepper, Blood, Blood vessel, Blue Point, New York, Boiling, Brackish water, Brittany, Brown algae, Bugeye, Butter, Calcium, Canada, Cancale, Canning, Cape May, Cargo ship, Cellulitis, Chesapeake Bay, Chesapeake Bay Program, Cilium, Circadian rhythm, Cocktail sauce, Codex Alimentarius, Colchester, Common name, Crab, Crassostrea, Cultured pearl, Delaware Bay, Delicacy, Depuration (seafood), Dimyidae, Dredge oyster, Duxbury, Massachusetts, ..., Eastern oyster, Ecosystem engineer, Ecosystem services, Egg, Eutrophication, Experiment, Feces, Filter feeder, Fishery, Fishing dredge, Food and Agriculture Organization, Food energy, Food web, France, Frying, Fungus, Galveston, Texas, Galway International Oyster Festival, Gastroenteritis, Gill, Gonad, Great Wicomico River, Greek language, Grilling, Gulf Coast of the United States, Gulf of Mexico, Habitat, Haplosporidium nelsoni, Heart, Hope (sloop), Human, Hydraulics, Immunodeficiency, Intertidal zone, Introduced species, Iron, Ischadium recurvum, Japan, Jonathan Swift, Keystone species, Kidney, Kitchen knife, Kumamoto, Latin, Latinisation of names, Lemon, List of generation I Pokémon, List of smoked foods, Littoral zone, Long Island, Louisiana State University, Magallana, Maine, Malpeque Bay, Prince Edward Island, Mangrove, Mangrove oyster, Mantle (mollusc), Mariculture, Maryland, Massachusetts, Midden, Mignonette sauce, Mollusca, Mucus, Mussel, Nacre, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York (state), New York City, New York Harbor, Nitrate, Nutrient cycle, Nutrient pollution, Ocean, Old French, Ostrea, Ostrea angasi, Ostrea edulis, Ostrea lurida, Ostreidae, Ostreoidea, Ostreola, Oyster crab, Oyster cracker, Oyster farming, Oyster Feast, Oyster festival, Oyster omelette, Oyster pirate, Oyster reef, Oyster sauce, Oysters Kirkpatrick, Oysters Rockefeller, Pacific oyster, Parasitism, Pathogen, Pearl, Pendrell Sound, Perkinsus marinus, Phytoplankton, Pickling, Pigment, Pile driver, Pinctada, Plankton, Plasmodium, Ploidy, Polyploid, Prawn, Prince Edward Island, Protozoa, Pseudofeces, Pteriidae, Rain, Rake (tool), Red tide, Roasting, Rock oyster, Rolled oyster, Roman Britain, Roman Empire, Roman Republic, Sailboat, Salt, San Leandro Oyster Beds, Scallop, Sciaenidae, Sea anemone, Seabird, Seawater, Selenium, Sepsis, Sequential hermaphroditism, Sergius Orata, Sex steroid, Shallot, Sherry vinegar, Skipjack (boat), Smoking (cooking), Sperm, Spondylus, Starfish, Steaming, Stew, Stout, Striped bass, Sydney rock oyster, Tabby concrete, The Big Oyster: History on the Half Shell, Tide, Tomales Bay, Ton, Tongs, Trinidad, Underwater diving, United Kingdom, United States, University of California, Davis, Veliger, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio vulnificus, Vinegar, Vitamin A, Vitamin B12, Water filter, Water pollution, Waterman (occupation), Wellfleet, Massachusetts, West Indies, White wine, Whitstable, Willapa Bay, Windowpane oyster, Working class, Yaquina Bay, Zinc. Expand index (177 more) »

Act of Parliament

Acts of Parliament, also called primary legislation, are statutes passed by a parliament (legislature).

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Adductor muscles (bivalve)

The adductor muscles are the main muscular system in bivalve mollusks, i.e. in clams, scallops, mussels, oysters, etc.

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Ammonia

Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.

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Angels on horseback

Angels on horseback is a hot hors d'œuvre or savoury made of oysters wrapped with bacon.

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Animal

Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.

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Anomiidae

Anomiidae is a family of saltwater clams, marine bivalve molluscs related to scallops and oysters, and known as anomiids.

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Apalachicola, Florida

Apalachicola is a city in Franklin County, Florida, United States, on the shore of Apalachicola Bay, an inlet of the Gulf of Mexico.

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Aphrodisiac

An aphrodisiac or love drug is a substance that increases libido when consumed.

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Audio frequency

An audio frequency (abbreviation: AF) or audible frequency is characterized as a periodic vibration whose frequency is audible to the average human.

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Bacteria

Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.

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Baking

Baking is a method of cooking food that uses prolonged dry heat, normally in an oven, but also in hot ashes, or on hot stones.

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Barnacle

A barnacle is a type of arthropod constituting the infraclass Cirripedia in the subphylum Crustacea, and is hence related to crabs and lobsters.

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Biodiversity

Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.

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Biological specificity

In biology, biological specificity is the tendency of a characteristic such as a behavior or a biochemical variation to occur in a particular species.

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Bivalvia

Bivalvia, in previous centuries referred to as the Lamellibranchiata and Pelecypoda, is a class of marine and freshwater molluscs that have laterally compressed bodies enclosed by a shell consisting of two hinged parts.

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Black drum

The black drum (Pogonias cromis), also known as the drum or drummer, is a saltwater fish similar to its cousin, the red drum.

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Black pepper

Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning, known as a peppercorn.

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Blood

Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.

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Blood vessel

The blood vessels are the part of the circulatory system, and microcirculation, that transports blood throughout the human body.

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Blue Point, New York

Blue Point is a hamlet on Long Island (and census-designated place) in Suffolk County, New York, United States.

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Boiling

Boiling is the rapid vaporization of a liquid, which occurs when a liquid is heated to its boiling point, the temperature at which the vapour pressure of the liquid is equal to the pressure exerted on the liquid by the surrounding atmosphere.

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Brackish water

Brackish water is water that has more salinity than fresh water, but not as much as seawater.

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Brittany

Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the northwest of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.

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Brown algae

The brown algae (singular: alga), comprising the class Phaeophyceae, are a large group of multicellular algae, including many seaweeds located in colder waters within the Northern Hemisphere.

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Bugeye

The bugeye is a type of sailboat developed in the Chesapeake Bay for oyster dredging.

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Butter

Butter is a dairy product containing up to 80% butterfat (in commercial products) which is solid when chilled and at room temperature in some regions and liquid when warmed.

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Calcium

Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.

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Canada

Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Cancale

Cancale (Gallo: Cauncall) is a commune in the Ille-et-Vilaine department in Brittany in northwestern France.

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Canning

Canning is a method of preserving food in which the food contents are processed and sealed in an airtight container.

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Cape May

Cape May is a peninsula and island (divided by a narrow channel); the southern tip of the island is the southernmost point of the U.S. state of New Jersey.

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Cargo ship

A cargo ship or freighter ship is any sort of ship or vessel that carries cargo, goods, and materials from one port to another.

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Cellulitis

Cellulitis is a bacterial infection involving the inner layers of the skin.

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Chesapeake Bay

The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary in the U.S. states of Maryland and Virginia.

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Chesapeake Bay Program

The Chesapeake Bay Program is the regional partnership that directs and conducts the restoration of the Chesapeake Bay in the United States.

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Cilium

A cilium (the plural is cilia) is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells.

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Circadian rhythm

A circadian rhythm is any biological process that displays an endogenous, entrainable oscillation of about 24 hours.

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Cocktail sauce

Cocktail sauce is one of several types of cold or room temperature sauces often served as part of the dish(es) referred to as seafood cocktail or as a condiment with other seafoods.

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Codex Alimentarius

The Codex Alimentarius is a collection of internationally recognized standards, codes of practice, guidelines, and other recommendations relating to foods, food production, and food safety.

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Colchester

Colchester is an historic market town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in the county of Essex.

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Common name

In biology, a common name of a taxon or organism (also known as a vernacular name, English name, colloquial name, trivial name, trivial epithet, country name, popular name, or farmer's name) is a name that is based on the normal language of everyday life; this kind of name is often contrasted with the scientific name for the same organism, which is Latinized.

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Crab

Crabs are decapod crustaceans of the infraorder Brachyura, which typically have a very short projecting "tail" (abdomen) (translit.

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Crassostrea

Crassostrea is a genus of true oysters (family Ostreidae) containing some of the most important oysters used for food.

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Cultured pearl

A cultured pearl is a pearl created by an oyster farmer under controlled conditions.

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Delaware Bay

Delaware Bay is the estuary outlet of the Delaware River on the Northeast seaboard of the United States.

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Delicacy

A delicacy is usually a rare or expensive food item that is considered highly desirable, sophisticated or peculiarly distinctive, within a given culture.

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Depuration (seafood)

Depuration of seafood is the process by which marine or freshwater animals are placed into a clean water environment for a period of time to allow purging of biological contaminants (such as Escherichia coli) and physical impurities (such as sand and silt).

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Dimyidae

Dimyidae is a family of extremely flattened, small (C. M. YONGE. ON THE DIMYIDAE (MOLLUSCA:BIVALVIA) WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO DIMYA CORRUGATA HEDLEY AND BASILIOMYA GOREAUI BAYER J. Mollus. Stud. (1978) 44 (3): 357-375 They are related to the scallops and other oysters.

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Dredge oyster

The dredge oyster or Bluff oyster, Ostrea chilensis, known in Chile as ostra chilena, the Chilean oyster, is a species of marine bivalve mollusc in the family Ostreidae.

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Duxbury, Massachusetts

Duxbury (older spelling, "Duxborough") is a historic seaside town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States.

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Eastern oyster

The eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica)—also called Wellfleet oyster, Atlantic oyster, Virginia oyster, or American oyster—is a species of true oyster native to the eastern seaboard and Gulf of Mexico coast of North America.

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Ecosystem engineer

An ecosystem engineer is any organism that creates, significantly modifies, maintains or destroys a habitat.

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Ecosystem services

Ecosystem services are the many and varied benefits that humans freely gain from the natural environment and from properly-functioning ecosystems.

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Egg

An egg is the organic vessel containing the zygote in which an animal embryo develops until it can survive on its own; at which point the animal hatches.

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Eutrophication

Eutrophication (from Greek eutrophos, "well-nourished"), or hypertrophication, is when a body of water becomes overly enriched with minerals and nutrients that induce excessive growth of plants and algae.

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Experiment

An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis.

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Feces

Feces (or faeces) are the solid or semisolid remains of the food that could not be digested in the small intestine.

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Filter feeder

Filter feeders are a sub-group of suspension feeding animals that feed by straining suspended matter and food particles from water, typically by passing the water over a specialized filtering structure.

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Fishery

Generally, a fishery is an entity engaged in raising or harvesting fish which is determined by some authority to be a fishery.

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Fishing dredge

A fishing dredge, also known as a scallop dredge or oyster dredge, is a kind of dredge which is towed along the bottom of the sea by a fishing boat in order to collect a targeted edible bottom-dwelling species.

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Food and Agriculture Organization

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.

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Food energy

Food energy is chemical energy that animals (including humans) derive from food through the process of cellular respiration.

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Food web

A food web (or food cycle) is a natural interconnection of food chains and a graphical representation (usually an image) of what-eats-what in an ecological community.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Frying

Frying is the cooking of food in oil or another fat.

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Fungus

A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.

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Galveston, Texas

Galveston is a coastal resort city on Galveston Island and Pelican Island in the U.S. state of Texas.

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Galway International Oyster Festival

The Galway International Oyster Festival is a food festival held annually in Galway on the west coast of Ireland on the last weekend of September, the first month of the oyster season.

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Gastroenteritis

Gastroenteritis, also known as infectious diarrhea, is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract -- the stomach and small intestine.

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Gill

A gill is a respiratory organ found in many aquatic organisms that extracts dissolved oxygen from water and excretes carbon dioxide.

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Gonad

A gonad or sex gland or reproductive gland is a mixed gland that produces the gametes (sex cells) and sex hormones of an organism.

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Great Wicomico River

The Great Wicomico River is a U.S. Geological Survey.

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Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

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Grilling

Grilling is a form of cooking that involves dry heat applied to the surface of food, commonly from above or below.

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Gulf Coast of the United States

The Gulf Coast of the United States is the coastline along which the Southern United States meets the Gulf of Mexico.

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Gulf of Mexico

The Gulf of Mexico (Golfo de México) is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, largely surrounded by the North American continent.

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Habitat

In ecology, a habitat is the type of natural environment in which a particular species of organism lives.

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Haplosporidium nelsoni

Haplosporidium nelsoni is a pathogen of oysters, that originally caused oyster populations to experience high mortality rates in the 1950s, and still is quite prevalent today.

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Heart

The heart is a muscular organ in most animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.

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Hope (sloop)

Hope is an oyster sloop that was completed in 1948.

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Human

Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.

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Hydraulics

Hydraulics (from Greek: Υδραυλική) is a technology and applied science using engineering, chemistry, and other sciences involving the mechanical properties and use of liquids.

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Immunodeficiency

Immunodeficiency (or immune deficiency) is a state in which the immune system's ability to fight infectious disease and cancer is compromised or entirely absent.

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Intertidal zone

The intertidal zone, also known as the foreshore and seashore and sometimes referred to as the littoral zone, is the area that is above water at low tide and under water at high tide (in other words, the area between tide marks).

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Introduced species

An introduced species (alien species, exotic species, non-indigenous species, or non-native species) is a species living outside its native distributional range, which has arrived there by human activity, either deliberate or accidental.

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Iron

Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.

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Ischadium recurvum

Ischadium recurvum, known as the "hooked mussel" or "bent mussel," is a species of bivalve mollusc in the family Mytilidae.

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Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift (30 November 1667 – 19 October 1745) was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Tories), poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.

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Keystone species

A keystone species is a species that has a disproportionately large effect on its environment relative to its abundance.

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Kidney

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs present in left and right sides of the body in vertebrates.

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Kitchen knife

A kitchen knife is any knife that is intended to be used in food preparation.

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Kumamoto

is the capital city of Kumamoto Prefecture on the island of Kyushu, Japan.

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Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Latinisation of names

Latinisation or Latinization is the practice of rendering a non-Latin name (or word) in a Latin style.

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Lemon

The lemon, Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck, is a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, native to Asia.

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List of generation I Pokémon

The first-generation (Generation I) of the ''Pokémon'' franchise features the original 151 fictional creatures introduced in the 1996 Game Boy games ''Pokémon Red'' and ''Blue''.

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List of smoked foods

This is a list of smoked foods.

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Littoral zone

The littoral zone is the part of a sea, lake or river that is close to the shore.

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Long Island

Long Island is a densely populated island off the East Coast of the United States, beginning at New York Harbor just 0.35 miles (0.56 km) from Manhattan Island and extending eastward into the Atlantic Ocean.

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Louisiana State University

The Louisiana State University (officially Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, commonly referred to as LSU) is a public coeducational university located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

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Magallana

Magallana is a genus of true oysters (family Ostreidae) containing some of the most important oysters used for food.

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Maine

Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

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Malpeque Bay, Prince Edward Island

The Municipality of Malpeque Bay is a municipality that holds community status in Prince Edward Island, Canada.

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Mangrove

A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.

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Mangrove oyster

The mangrove oyster (Crassostrea tulipa) is a true oyster in the Ostreidae family.

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Mantle (mollusc)

The mantle (also known by the Latin word pallium meaning mantle, robe or cloak, adjective pallial) is a significant part of the anatomy of molluscs: it is the dorsal body wall which covers the visceral mass and usually protrudes in the form of flaps well beyond the visceral mass itself.

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Mariculture

Mariculture is a specialized branch of aquaculture involving the cultivation of marine organisms for food and other products in the open ocean, an enclosed section of the ocean, or in tanks, ponds or raceways which are filled with seawater.

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Maryland

Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.

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Massachusetts

Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

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Midden

A midden (also kitchen midden or shell heap) is an old dump for domestic waste which may consist of animal bone, human excrement, botanical material, mollusc shells, sherds, lithics (especially debitage), and other artifacts and ecofacts associated with past human occupation.

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Mignonette sauce

Mignonette sauce is a condiment usually made with minced shallots, cracked pepper, and vinegar.

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Mollusca

Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusksThe formerly dominant spelling mollusk is still used in the U.S. — see the reasons given in Gary Rosenberg's.

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Mucus

Mucus is a slippery aqueous secretion produced by, and covering, mucous membranes.

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Mussel

Mussel is the common name used for members of several families of bivalve molluscs, from saltwater and freshwater habitats.

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Nacre

Nacre (also), also known as mother of pearl, is an organic-inorganic composite material produced by some molluscs as an inner shell layer; it also makes up the outer coating of pearls.

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New Jersey

New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.

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New South Wales

New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.

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New York (state)

New York is a state in the northeastern United States.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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New York Harbor

New York Harbor, part of the Port of New York and New Jersey, is at the mouth of the Hudson River where it empties into New York Bay and into the Atlantic Ocean at the East Coast of the United States.

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Nitrate

Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.

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Nutrient cycle

A nutrient cycle (or ecological recycling) is the movement and exchange of organic and inorganic matter back into the production of matter.

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Nutrient pollution

Nutrient pollution, a form of water pollution, refers to contamination by excessive inputs of nutrients.

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Ocean

An ocean (the sea of classical antiquity) is a body of saline water that composes much of a planet's hydrosphere.

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Old French

Old French (franceis, françois, romanz; Modern French: ancien français) was the language spoken in Northern France from the 8th century to the 14th century.

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Ostrea

Ostrea is a genus of edible oysters, marine bivalve mollusks in the family Ostreidae, the oysters.

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Ostrea angasi

The southern mud oyster, Australian flat oyster, native flat oyster, or angasi oyster (Ostrea angasi), is endemic to southern Australia, ranging from Western Australia to southeast New South Wales and around Tasmania.

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Ostrea edulis

Ostrea edulis is a species of oyster native to Europe and commonly known as the European flat oyster, Colchester native oyster (hence Colchester natives), mud oyster, or edible oyster (despite this latter name it is not the only oyster that is edible by humans).

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Ostrea lurida

Ostrea lurida, common name the Olympia oyster, after Olympia, Washington in the Puget Sound area, is a species of edible oyster, a marine bivalve mollusk in the family Ostreidae.

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Ostreidae

The Ostreidae, the true oysters, include most species of molluscs commonly consumed as oysters.

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Ostreoidea

Ostreoidea is a taxonomic superfamily of bivalve marine mollusc, sometimes simply identified as oysters, containing two families.

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Ostreola

Ostreola is a genus of fungi in the family Mytilinidiaceae.

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Oyster crab

The oyster crab (Zaops ostreus) is a small, whitish or translucent crab in the family Pinnotheridae.

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Oyster cracker

Oyster crackers are small, salted crackers, typically rounds about 0.6 in (15 mm) in diameter, although a slightly smaller hexagonal variety is also prevalent.

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Oyster farming

Oyster farming is an aquaculture (or mariculture) practice in which oysters are raised for human consumption.

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Oyster Feast

The Oyster Feast is the centrepiece of the annual civic calendar in the ancient borough of Colchester located in Essex in the East of England.

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Oyster festival

An oyster festival is a food festival centered on the oyster.

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Oyster omelette

The oyster omelette is a dish of Teochew origin that is widely known for its savoury taste in its native Chaoshan along with Taiwan, Fujian, and many parts of Southeast Asia due to the influence of the Chinese diaspora.

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Oyster pirate

Oyster pirates on the Chesapeake Bay in 1884 Oyster pirate is a name given to persons who engage in the poaching of oysters.

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Oyster reef

The term oyster reef refers to dense aggregations of oysters that form large colonial communities.

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Oyster sauce

Oyster sauce describes a number of sauces made by cooking oysters.

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Oysters Kirkpatrick

Oysters Kirkpatrick, also called Oysters Kilpatrick, Kirkpatrick and oysters, or Oysters Philpatrick, is a classic English recipe involving oysters, cheese, Worcestershire sauce and bacon.

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Oysters Rockefeller

Oysters Rockefeller consists of oysters on the half-shell that have been topped with a rich sauce of butter, parsley and other green herbs, and bread crumbs, then baked or broiled.

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Pacific oyster

The Pacific oyster, Japanese oyster, or Miyagi oyster (Magallana gigas) previously and currently also known as Crassostrea gigas, considered by part of the scientific community to be the proper denomination, an accepted alternative in.

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Parasitism

In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.

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Pathogen

In biology, a pathogen (πάθος pathos "suffering, passion" and -γενής -genēs "producer of") or a '''germ''' in the oldest and broadest sense is anything that can produce disease; the term came into use in the 1880s.

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Pearl

A pearl is a hard glistening object produced within the soft tissue (specifically the mantle) of a living shelled mollusk or another animal, such as a conulariid.

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Pendrell Sound

Pendrell Sound is a sound on the South Coast of British Columbia, Canada, accessed from Waddington Channel which separates West Redonda and East Redonda Islands in the Discovery Islands region.

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Perkinsus marinus

Perkinsus marinus is a species of alveolates belonging to the phylum Perkinsozoa.

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Phytoplankton

Phytoplankton are the autotrophic (self-feeding) components of the plankton community and a key part of oceans, seas and freshwater basin ecosystems.

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Pickling

Pickling is the process of preserving or expanding the lifespan of food by either anaerobic fermentation in brine or immersion in vinegar.

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Pigment

A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.

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Pile driver

A pile driver is a device used to drive piles (poles) into soil to provide foundation support for buildings or other structures.

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Pinctada

Pinctada is a genus of saltwater oysters, marine bivalve mollusks in the family Pteriidae, the pearl oysters.

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Plankton

Plankton (singular plankter) are the diverse collection of organisms that live in large bodies of water and are unable to swim against a current.

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Plasmodium

Plasmodium is a genus of unicellular eukaryotes that are obligate parasites of vertebrates and insects.

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Ploidy

Ploidy is the number of complete sets of chromosomes in a cell, and hence the number of possible alleles for autosomal and pseudoautosomal genes.

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Polyploid

Polyploid cells and organisms are those containing more than two paired (homologous) sets of chromosomes.

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Prawn

Prawn is a common name for small aquatic crustaceans with an exoskeleton and ten legs (i.e. a member of the order decapoda), some of which can be eaten.

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Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island (PEI or P.E.I.; Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is a province of Canada consisting of the island of the same name, and several much smaller islands.

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Protozoa

Protozoa (also protozoan, plural protozoans) is an informal term for single-celled eukaryotes, either free-living or parasitic, which feed on organic matter such as other microorganisms or organic tissues and debris.

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Pseudofeces

Pseudofeces or pseudofaeces are a specialized method of expulsion that filter-feeding bivalve mollusks (and filter-feeding gastropod mollusks) use in order to get rid of suspended particles such as particles of grit which cannot be used as food, and which have been rejected by the animal.

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Pteriidae

Pteriidae, also called the feather oysters, is a family of medium-sized to large saltwater clams.

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Rain

Rain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then becomes heavy enough to fall under gravity.

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Rake (tool)

A rake (Old English raca, cognate with Dutch raak, German Rechen, from the root meaning "to scrape together," "heap up") is a broom for outside use; a horticultural implement consisting of a toothed bar fixed transversely to a handle, and used to collect leaves, hay, grass, etc., and, in gardening, for loosening the soil, light weeding and levelling, removing dead grass from lawns, and generally for purposes performed in agriculture by the harrow.

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Red tide

Red tide is a common name for a worldwide phenomenon known as an algal bloom (large concentrations of aquatic microorganisms—protozoans or unicellular algae) when it is caused by species of dinoflagellates and other organisms.

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Roasting

Roasting is a cooking method that uses dry heat where hot air envelops the food, cooking it evenly on all sides with temperatures of at least 150 °C (~300 °F) from an open flame, oven, or other heat source.

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Rock oyster

Rock oysters are true oysters of the genus Saccostrea.

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Rolled oyster

It is a baseball-sized seafood dish that is found only in and around Louisville, Kentucky.

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Roman Britain

Roman Britain (Britannia or, later, Britanniae, "the Britains") was the area of the island of Great Britain that was governed by the Roman Empire, from 43 to 410 AD.

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Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Roman Republic

The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the era of classical Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.

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Sailboat

A sailboat or sailing boat is a boat propelled partly or entirely by sails smaller than a sailing ship.

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Salt

Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.

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San Leandro Oyster Beds

The San Leandro Oyster Beds in San Leandro, California, were the origin of the oyster industry in the U.S. state of California.

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Scallop

Scallop is a common name that is primarily applied to any one of numerous species of saltwater clams or marine bivalve mollusks in the taxonomic family Pectinidae, the scallops.

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Sciaenidae

The Sciaenidae are a family of fish commonly called drums or croakers in reference to the repetitive throbbing or drumming sounds they make.

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Sea anemone

Sea anemones are a group of marine, predatory animals of the order Actiniaria.

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Seabird

Seabirds (also known as marine birds) are birds that are adapted to life within the marine environment.

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Seawater

Seawater, or salt water, is water from a sea or ocean.

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Selenium

Selenium is a chemical element with symbol Se and atomic number 34.

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Sepsis

Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body's response to infection causes injury to its own tissues and organs.

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Sequential hermaphroditism

Sequential hermaphroditism (called dichogamy in botany) is a type of hermaphroditism that occurs in many fish, gastropods, and plants.

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Sergius Orata

Caius Sergius Orata (fl. c. 95 BC) was an Ancient Roman merchant and hydraulic engineer.

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Sex steroid

Sex steroids, also known as gonadocorticoids and gonadal steroids, are steroid hormones that interact with vertebrate androgen or estrogen receptors.

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Shallot

The shallot is a type of onion, specifically a botanical variety of the species Allium cepa.

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Sherry vinegar

Sherry vinegar (vinagre de Jerez) is a gourmet wine vinegar made from Sherry.

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Skipjack (boat)

The skipjack is a traditional fishing boat used on the Chesapeake Bay for oyster dredging.

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Smoking (cooking)

Smoking is the process of flavoring, browning, cooking, or preserving food by exposing it to smoke from burning or smoldering material, most often wood.

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Sperm

Sperm is the male reproductive cell and is derived from the Greek word (σπέρμα) sperma (meaning "seed").

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Spondylus

Spondylus is a genus of bivalve molluscs, the only genus in the family Spondylidae.

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Starfish

Starfish or sea stars are star-shaped echinoderms belonging to the class Asteroidea.

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Steaming

Steaming is a method of cooking using steam.

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Stew

A stew is a combination of solid food ingredients that have been cooked in liquid and served in the resultant gravy.

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Stout

Stout is a dark beer that includes roasted malt or roasted barley, hops, water and yeast.

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Striped bass

The striped bass (Morone saxatilis), also called Atlantic striped bass, striper, linesider, rock or rockfish, is an anadromous Perciforme fish of the family Moronidae found primarily along the Atlantic coast of North America.

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Sydney rock oyster

The Sydney rock oyster, New Zealand rock oyster, or Auckland oyster (Saccostrea glomerata), is an oyster species endemic to Australia and New Zealand.

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Tabby concrete

Tabby is a type of concrete made by burning oyster shells to create lime, then mixing it with water, sand, ash and broken oyster shells.

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The Big Oyster: History on the Half Shell

The Big Oyster: History on the Half Shell is a book by Mark Kurlansky.

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Tide

Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of Earth.

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Tomales Bay

Tomales Bay is a long narrow inlet of the Pacific Ocean in Marin County in northern California in the United States.

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Ton

The ton is a unit of measure.

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Tongs

Tongs are a type of tool used to grip and lift objects instead of holding them directly with hands.

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Trinidad

Trinidad is the larger and more populous of the two major islands of Trinidad and Tobago.

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Underwater diving

Underwater diving, as a human activity, is the practice of descending below the water's surface to interact with the environment.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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University of California, Davis

The University of California, Davis (also referred to as UCD, UC Davis, or Davis), is a public research university and land-grant university as well as one of the 10 campuses of the University of California (UC) system.

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Veliger

A veliger is the planktonic larva of many kinds of sea snails and freshwater snails, as well as most bivalve molluscs (clams) and tusk shells.

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Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a curved, rod-shaped, Gram-negative bacterium found in brackish saltwater, which, when ingested, causes gastrointestinal illness in humans.

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Vibrio vulnificus

Vibrio vulnificus is a species of Gram-negative, motile, curved, rod-shaped (bacillus), pathogenic bacteria of the genus Vibrio.

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Vinegar

Vinegar is a liquid consisting of about 5–20% acetic acid (CH3COOH), water (H2O), and trace chemicals that may include flavorings.

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Vitamin A

Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds that includes retinol, retinal, retinoic acid, and several provitamin A carotenoids (most notably beta-carotene).

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Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12, also called cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is involved in the metabolism of every cell of the human body: it is a cofactor in DNA synthesis, and in both fatty acid and amino acid metabolism.

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Water filter

A water filter removes impurities by lowering contamination of water using a fine physical barrier, a chemical process, or a biological process.

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Water pollution

Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies, usually as a result of human activities.

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Waterman (occupation)

A waterman is a river worker who transfers passengers across and along city centre rivers and estuaries in the United Kingdom and its colonies.

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Wellfleet, Massachusetts

Wellfleet is a town in Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States, and is located halfway between the "tip" and "elbow" of Cape Cod.

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West Indies

The West Indies or the Caribbean Basin is a region of the North Atlantic Ocean in the Caribbean that includes the island countries and surrounding waters of three major archipelagoes: the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago.

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White wine

White wine is a wine whose colour can be straw-yellow, yellow-green, or yellow-gold.

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Whitstable

Whitstable (locally) is a seaside town on the north coast of Kent in south-east England, 5 miles (8km) north of Canterbury and 2 miles (3km) west of Herne Bay.

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Willapa Bay

Willapa Bay is a bay located on the southwest Pacific coast of Washington state in the United States.

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Windowpane oyster

The windowpane oyster (Placuna placenta) is a bivalve marine mollusk in the family of Placunidae.

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Working class

The working class (also labouring class) are the people employed for wages, especially in manual-labour occupations and industrial work.

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Yaquina Bay

Yaquina Bay is a coastal estuarine community found in Newport, Oregon, United States.

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Zinc

Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.

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Kaki no dotenabe, Namagaki, Oyster bed, Oyster spat, Oysters, Smoked oyster.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oyster

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