214 relations: Adjutant general, Albert Sidney Johnston, Alexander Doyle, American Civil War, Andrew Johnson, Army of Mississippi, Army of Northern Virginia, Army of Tennessee, Army of the Ohio, Army of the Tennessee, Artillery, Atlanta Campaign, Augusta, Georgia, Battle for Mexico City, Battle of Bentonville, Battle of Chapultepec, Battle of Churubusco, Battle of Cold Harbor, Battle of Contreras, Battle of Fort Sumter, Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, Battle of Globe Tavern, Battle of Nashville, Battle of Shiloh, Beauregard Parish, Louisiana, Beauregard, Alabama, Beauregard-Keyes House, Benjamin Butler, Bermuda Hundred Campaign, Bibliography of the American Civil War, Braxton Bragg, Brazilian Army, Brevet (military), Brigadier general, Bull Run (Occoquan River tributary), Cable car (railway), Caesar Antoine, Camp Beauregard, Captain (United States O-3), Catholic Church, Centreville, Virginia, Charleston, South Carolina, Civil and political rights, Civil engineer, Confederate Army of the Potomac, Confederate Army of the Shenandoah, Confederate States Army, Confederate States of America, Confederate States Secretary of War, Corinth, Mississippi, ..., Creole peoples, Creoles of color, David J. Eicher, Democratic Party (United States), Diplomat, Don Carlos Buell, Donald Sutherland, Durham, North Carolina, Earl Van Dorn, Edmund Kirby Smith, Filibuster (military), First Battle of Bull Run, First Battle of Charleston Harbor, First Battle of Fort Wagner, Flag of the United States, Flags of the Confederate States of America, Florida, Fort Sumter, François Marie, Chevalier de Reggio, Francis Wilkinson Pickens, Franklin Pierce, Franklin–Nashville Campaign, French language, French people, General Beauregard Equestrian Statue, General officer, General officers in the Confederate States Army, Georgia (U.S. state), Grand strategy, Greensboro, North Carolina, Henry Halleck, Henry House Hill, Historic house museum, Horace Greeley, Ida B. Wells, Ironclad warship, Irvin McDowell, Italians, Jacksonville, Florida, Jacques Villeré, James River, Jefferson Davis, John A. Dahlgren, John Bell Hood, John C. Pemberton, John D. Winters, John Slidell, Joseph E. Johnston, Jubal Early, Khedivate of Egypt, Kingdom of France, Know Nothing, List of American Civil War generals (Confederate), List of Governors of Louisiana, List of mayors of New Orleans, Louisiana, Louisiana (New France), Louisiana Creole people, Louisiana State Lottery Company, Lucius B. Northrop, Major (United States), Major general (United States), Manassas, Virginia, Maryland, Memphis, Tennessee, Metairie Cemetery, Mexican–American War, Mexico City, Midwestern United States, Military engineering, Mississippi, Mobile, Alabama, Montgomery, Alabama, Morris Island, Myocarditis, Napoleon, Napoleon III, Nathaniel P. Banks, National Park Service, Naval mine, New Orleans, New Orleans and Carrollton Railroad, New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern, New York City, Nicaragua, Nobility, Overland Campaign, Paladin, Passive-aggressive behavior, Petersburg, Virginia, Philip Sheridan, Pineville, Louisiana, Plantations in the American South, Planter class, Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana, President of the Confederate States of America, Public works, Quincy Adams Gillmore, Radical Republican, Rail transport, Rear admiral (United States), Reconstruction era, Republican Party (United States), Richard Delafield, Richard Taylor (general), Richmond, Virginia, Robert Anderson (Civil War), Robert E. Lee, Robert Hoke, Samuel Cooper (general), Samuel Francis Du Pont, Savannah, Georgia, Secession, Second Battle of Charleston Harbor, Second Battle of Fort Sumter, Second Battle of Fort Wagner, Second Battle of Petersburg, Shenandoah Valley, Sherman's March to the Sea, Siege of Corinth, Siege of Petersburg, Slavery, Sons of Confederate Veterans, St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana, St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana, Steven E. Woodworth, Submarine, Sugarcane, Superintendent of the United States Military Academy, T. Harry Williams, Television film, Tennessee, Tennessee River, The Guardian, The Hunley, TNT (U.S. TV network), Tupelo, Mississippi, Ulysses S. Grant, Unincorporated area, Union (American Civil War), Union Army, Union blockade, United Principalities, United States Army, United States Custom House (New Orleans), United States Department of the Interior, United States Military Academy, United States presidential election, 1852, United States Senate, Vicksburg, Mississippi, Victor E. Rillieux, Waukesha, Wisconsin, Weldon, North Carolina, Welsh people, West Point, New York, Western Theater of the American Civil War, Whig Party (United States), White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, William C. Davis (historian), William Porcher Miles, William Rosecrans, William Tecumseh Sherman, William Walker (filibuster), Winfield Scott. Expand index (164 more) » « Shrink index
An adjutant general is a military chief administrative officer.
Albert Sidney Johnston (February 2, 1803 – April 6, 1862) served as a general in three different armies: the Texian (''i.e.'' Republic of Texas) Army, the United States Army, and the Confederate States Army.
Alexander Doyle (1857–1922) was an American sculptor.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 July 31, 1875) was the 17th President of the United States, serving from 1865 to 1869.
There were three organizations known as the Army of Mississippi in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
The Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force of the Confederate States of America in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War.
The Army of Tennessee was the principal Confederate army operating between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River during the American Civil War.
The Army of the Ohio was the name of two Union armies in the American Civil War.
The Army of the Tennessee was a Union army in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, named for the Tennessee River.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
The Atlanta Campaign was a series of battles fought in the Western Theater of the American Civil War throughout northwest Georgia and the area around Atlanta during the summer of 1864.
Augusta, officially Augusta–Richmond County, is a consolidated city-county on the central eastern border of the U.S. state of Georgia.
The Battle for Mexico City refers to the series of engagements from September 8 to September 15, 1847, in the general vicinity of Mexico City during the Mexican–American War.
The Battle of Bentonville (March 19 – 21, 1865) was fought in Bentonville, North Carolina, near the town of Four Oaks, as part of the Carolinas Campaign of the American Civil War.
The Battle of Chapultepec in September 1847 was a battle between the US Army and US Marine Corps against Mexican forces holding Chapultepec in Mexico City.
The Battle of Churubusco took place on August 20, 1847, while Santa Anna's army was in retreat from the Battle of Contreras (Padierna) during the Mexican–American War.
The Battle of Cold Harbor was fought during the American Civil War near Mechanicsville, Virginia, from May 31 to June 12, 1864, with the most significant fighting occurring on June 3.
The Battle of Contreras, also known as the Battle of Padierna, took place on 19–20 August 1847, in the final encounters of the Mexican–American War.
The Battle of Fort Sumter (April 12–13, 1861) was the bombardment of Fort Sumter near Charleston, South Carolina by the Confederate States Army, and the return gunfire and subsequent surrender by the United States Army, that started the American Civil War.
The Battle of Forts Jackson and St.
The Battle of Globe Tavern, also known as the Second Battle of the Weldon Railroad, fought August 18–21, 1864, south of Petersburg, Virginia, was the second attempt of the Union Army to sever the Weldon Railroad during the Siege of Petersburg of the American Civil War.
The Battle of Nashville was a two-day battle in the Franklin-Nashville Campaign that represented the end of large-scale fighting west of the coastal states in the American Civil War.
The Battle of Shiloh (also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing) was a battle in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, fought April 6–7, 1862, in southwestern Tennessee.
Beauregard Parish (Paroisse de Beauregard) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana.
Beauregard is an unincorporated community located in central Lee County, Alabama, United States, east of Auburn and south of Opelika.
The Beauregard-Keyes House is a historic residence located at 1113 Chartres Street in the French Quarter, New Orleans, Louisiana.
Benjamin Franklin Butler (November 5, 1818 – January 11, 1893) was a major general of the Union Army, politician, lawyer and businessman from Massachusetts.
The Bermuda Hundred Campaign was a series of battles fought at the town of Bermuda Hundred, outside Richmond, Virginia, during May 1864 in the American Civil War.
The American Civil War bibliography comprises books that deal in large part with the American Civil War.
Braxton Bragg (March 22, 1817 – September 27, 1876) was a senior officer of the Confederate States Army who was assigned to duty at Richmond, under direction of the President of the Confederate States of America, Jefferson Davis, and charged with the conduct of military operations of the armies of the Confederate States from February 24, 1864 until January 13, 1865, when he was charged with command and defense of Wilmington, North Carolina.
The Brazilian Army (Exército Brasileiro) is the land arm of the Brazilian Armed Forces.
In many of the world's military establishments, a brevet was a warrant giving a commissioned officer a higher rank title as a reward for gallantry or meritorious conduct but without conferring the authority, precedence, or pay of real rank.
Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.
Bull Run is a U.S. Geological Survey.
A cable car (cable tram elsewhere, apart from North America) is a type of cable transportation used for mass transit where rail cars are hauled by a continuously moving cable running at a constant speed.
Caesar Carpentier Antoine (1836–1921) was a politician, the third of three African-American Republicans who were elected and served as the Lieutenant Governor of the U.S. state of Louisiana during the era of Reconstruction.
Camp Beauregard is a U.S. Army installation located northeast of Pineville, Louisiana, primarily in Rapides Parish, but also extending northward into Grant Parish.
In the United States Army (USA), U.S. Marine Corps (USMC), and U.S. Air Force (USAF), captain (abbreviated "CPT" in the USA and "Capt" in the USMC and USAF) is a company grade officer rank, with the pay grade of O-3.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Centreville is a census-designated place (CDP) in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States and a suburb of Washington, D.C. The population was 71,135 at the 2010 census.
Charleston is the oldest and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
A civil engineer is a person who practices civil engineering – the application of planning, designing, constructing, maintaining, and operating infrastructures while protecting the public and environmental health, as well as improving existing infrastructures that have been neglected.
The Confederate Army of the Potomac, whose name was short-lived, was the command under Brig. Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard in the early days of the American Civil War.
The Army of the Shenandoah was an army of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War; it was organized to defend the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia in the early months of the war.
The Confederate States Army (C.S.A.) was the military land force of the Confederate States of America (Confederacy) during the American Civil War (1861–1865).
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
The Confederate States Secretary of War was a member of the Confederate States President's Cabinet during the American Civil War.
Corinth is a city in and the county seat of Alcorn County, Mississippi, United States.
Creole peoples (and its cognates in other languages such as crioulo, criollo, creolo, créole, kriolu, criol, kreyol, kreol, kriol, krio, kriyoyo, etc.) are ethnic groups which originated from creolisation, linguistic, cultural and racial mixing between colonial-era emigrants from Europe with non-European peoples, climates and cuisines.
The Creoles of color are a historic ethnic group of Creole people that developed in the former French and Spanish colonies of Louisiana (especially in the city of New Orleans), Southern Mississippi, Alabama, and Northwestern Florida in what is now the United States.
David John Eicher (born August 7, 1961) is an American editor, writer, and popularizer of astronomy and space.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
A diplomat is a person appointed by a state to conduct diplomacy with one or more other states or international organizations.
Don Carlos Buell (March 23, 1818November 19, 1898) was a United States Army officer who fought in the Seminole War, the Mexican-American War, and the American Civil War.
Donald McNichol Sutherland, (born 17 July 1935) is a Canadian actor whose film career spans more than five decades.
Durham is a city in the U.S. state of North Carolina.
Earl Van Dorn (September 17, 1820May 7, 1863) was a career United States Army officer and great-nephew of Andrew Jackson, fighting with distinction during the Mexican–American War and against several tribes of Native Americans.
Edmund Kirby Smith (May 16, 1824 – March 28, 1893) was a career United States Army officer who fought in the Mexican-American War.
A filibuster or freebooter, in the context of foreign policy, is someone who engages in an (at least nominally) unauthorized military expedition into a foreign country or territory to foment or support a revolution.
The First Battle of Bull Run (the name used by Union forces), also known as the First Battle of Manassas.
The First Battle of Charleston Harbor was an engagement near Charleston, South Carolina that took place April 7, 1863, during the American Civil War.
The First Battle of Fort Wagner was fought on July 10 and 11, 1863, on Morris Island in Charleston harbor during the American Civil War.
The flag of the United States of America, often referred to as the American flag, is the national flag of the United States.
Three successive designs served as the official national flag of the Confederate States of America (the "Confederate States" or the "Confederacy") during its existence from 1861 to 1865.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
Fort Sumter is a sea fort in Charleston, South Carolina, notable for two battles of the American Civil War.
Francesco Maria de Reggio, known in French as François Marie, Chevalier de Reggio (Alba, Italy, 1698 – New Orleans, 1787) was an Italian nobleman who was a member of the House of Este.
Francis Wilkinson Pickens (1805/1807January 25, 1869) was a political Democrat and Governor of South Carolina when that state became the first to secede from the U.S.A. A cousin of Senator John C. Calhoun, Pickens was born into the culture of the antebellum plantocracy, and became an ardent supporter of nullification (refusal to pay federal import tariffs) when he served in the South Carolina house of representatives, before being elected to Congress and then the state senate.
Franklin Pierce (November 23, 1804 – October 8, 1869) was the 14th President of the United States (1853–1857), a northern Democrat who saw the abolitionist movement as a fundamental threat to the unity of the nation.
The Franklin–Nashville Campaign, also known as Hood's Tennessee Campaign, was a series of battles in the Western Theater, conducted from September 18 to December 27, 1864, in Alabama, Tennessee, and northwestern Georgia during the American Civil War.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
The French (Français) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation who are identified with the country of France.
The General Beauregard Equestrian Statue, honoring P. G. T. Beauregard, was located in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.
A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.
The general officers of the Confederate States Army (CSA) were the senior military leaders of the Confederacy during the American Civil War of 1861–1865.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
Grand strategy or high strategy comprises the "purposeful employment of all instruments of power available to a security community".
Greensboro (formerly Greensborough) is a city in the U.S. state of North Carolina.
Henry Wager Halleck (January 16, 1815 – January 9, 1872) was a United States Army officer, scholar, and lawyer.
Henry House Hill is a location near Bull Run in Virginia.
A historic house museum is a house that has been transformed into a museum.
Horace Greeley (February 3, 1811 – November 29, 1872) was an American author, statesman, founder and editor of the New-York Tribune, among the great newspapers of its time.
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett (July 16, 1862 – March 25, 1931), more commonly known as Ida B. Wells, was an African-American investigative journalist, educator, and an early leader in the Civil Rights Movement.
An ironclad is a steam-propelled warship protected by iron or steel armor plates used in the early part of the second half of the 19th century.
Irvin McDowell (October 15, 1818 – May 4, 1885) was a career American army officer.
The Italians (Italiani) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to the Italian peninsula.
Jacksonville is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Florida and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States.
Jacques Phillippe Villeré (April 28, 1761 – March 7, 1830) was the second Governor of Louisiana after it became a state.
The James River is a river in the U.S. state of Virginia.
Jefferson Davis (June 3, 1808 – December 6, 1889) was an American politician who served as the only President of the Confederate States from 1861 to 1865.
John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren (November 13, 1809 – July 12, 1870) was a United States Navy officer who founded his service's Ordnance Department and launched major advances in gunnery.
John Bell Hood (June 1 or June 29, 1831 – August 30, 1879) was a Confederate general during the American Civil War.
John Clifford Pemberton (August 10, 1814 – July 13, 1881), was a career United States Army officer who fought in the Seminole Wars and with distinction during the Mexican–American War.
John David Winters (December 23, 1916 – December 9, 1997)John D. Winters obituary, Ruston Daily Leader, December 10, 1997 was a historian at Louisiana Tech University in Ruston, Louisiana.
John Slidell (1793July 9, 1871) was an American politician, lawyer, and businessman.
Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 3, 1807 – March 21, 1891) was a career United States Army officer, serving with distinction in the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), and Seminole Wars.
Jubal Anderson Early (November 3, 1816 – March 2, 1894) was a Virginia lawyer and politician who became a Confederate general during the American Civil War.
The Khedivate of Egypt (خدیویت مصر) was an autonomous tributary state of the Ottoman Empire, established and ruled by the Muhammad Ali Dynasty following the defeat and expulsion of Napoleon Bonaparte's forces which brought an end to the short-lived French occupation of Lower Egypt.
The Kingdom of France (Royaume de France) was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe.
The Native American Party, renamed the American Party in 1855 and commonly known as the Know Nothing movement, was an American nativist political party that operated nationally in the mid-1850s.
This is a list of the Governors of Louisiana (Gouverneurs de Louisiane), from acquisition by the United States in 1803 to the present day.
The post of Mayor of the City of New Orleans, has been held by the following individuals since New Orleans came under American administration following the Louisiana Purchase — the acquisition by the U.S. of of the French province La Louisiane in 1803.
Louisiana is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Louisiana (La Louisiane; La Louisiane française) or French Louisiana was an administrative district of New France.
Louisiana Creole people (Créoles de Louisiane, Gente de Louisiana Creole), are persons descended from the inhabitants of colonial Louisiana during the period of both French and Spanish rule.
The Louisiana State Lottery Company was a private corporation that in the mid-19th century ran the Louisiana lottery.
Lucius Bellinger Northrop (September 8, 1811 – February 9, 1894), was the Commissary-General of the armed forces of the Confederate States of America.
In the United States Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force, major is a field grade military officer rank above the rank of captain and below the rank of lieutenant colonel.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, major general is a two-star general-officer rank, with the pay grade of O-8.
Manassas (formerly Manassas Junction) is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
Memphis is a city located along the Mississippi River in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Metairie Cemetery is a cemetery in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.
The Mexican–American War, also known as the Mexican War in the United States and in Mexico as the American intervention in Mexico, was an armed conflict between the United States of America and the United Mexican States (Mexico) from 1846 to 1848.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2").
Military engineering is loosely defined as the art, science, and practice of designing and building military works and maintaining lines of military transport and communications.
Mississippi is a state in the Southern United States, with part of its southern border formed by the Gulf of Mexico.
Mobile is the county seat of Mobile County, Alabama, United States.
Montgomery is the capital city of the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Montgomery County.
Morris Island is an 840-acre (3.4 km²) uninhabited island in Charleston Harbor in South Carolina, accessible only by boat.
Myocarditis, also known as inflammatory cardiomyopathy, is inflammation of the heart muscle.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the President of France from 1848 to 1852 and as Napoleon III the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870.
Nathaniel Prentice (or Prentiss) Banks (January 30, 1816 – September 1, 1894) was an American politician from Massachusetts and a Union general during the Civil War.
The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations.
A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to damage or destroy surface ships or submarines.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
The New Orleans and Carrollton Railroad (originally Rail Road) was one of six short-line rail systems built to connect the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, with surrounding neighborhoods, in this case, four-and-a-half miles to the resort village of Carrollton.
The New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern was a gauge railway originally commissioned by the State of Illinois, with both Stephen Douglas and Abraham Lincoln being among its supporters in the 1851 Illinois Legislature.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Nobility is a social class in aristocracy, normally ranked immediately under royalty, that possesses more acknowledged privileges and higher social status than most other classes in a society and with membership thereof typically being hereditary.
The Overland Campaign, also known as Grant's Overland Campaign and the Wilderness Campaign, was a series of battles fought in Virginia during May and June 1864, in the American Civil War.
The paladins, sometimes known as the Twelve Peers, were the foremost warriors of Charlemagne's court, according to the literary cycle known as the Matter of France.
Passive–aggressive behavior is characterized by indirect resistance to the demands of others and an avoidance of direct confrontation.
Petersburg is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Philip Henry Sheridan (March 6, 1831 – August 5, 1888) was a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War.
Pineville is a city in Rapides Parish, Louisiana, United States.
Plantations were an important aspect of the history of the American South, particularly the antebellum (pre-American Civil War) era.
The planter class, known alternatively in the United States as the Southern aristocracy, was a socio-economic caste of pan-American society that dominated seventeenth- and eighteenth-century agricultural markets through the forced labor of enslaved Africans.
Plaquemines Parish (French: Paroisse de Plaquemine, Louisiana French: Paroisse des Plaquemines) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana.
The President of the Confederate States of America was the elected head of state and government of the Confederate States.
Public works (or internal improvements historically in the United States)Carter Goodrich, (Greenwood Press, 1960)Stephen Minicucci,, Studies in American Political Development (2004), 18:2:160-185 Cambridge University Press.
Quincy Adams Gillmore (February 25, 1825 – April 11, 1888) was an American civil engineer, author, and a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
The Radical Republicans were a faction of American politicians within the Republican Party of the United States from around 1854 (before the American Civil War) until the end of Reconstruction in 1877.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
Rear admiral in the United States refers to two different ranks of commissioned officers — one-star flag officers and two-star flag officers.
The Reconstruction era was the period from 1863 (the Presidential Proclamation of December 8, 1863) to 1877.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Richard Delafield (September 1, 1798 – November 5, 1873) was a United States Army officer for 52 years.
Richard Scott "Dick" Taylor (January 27, 1826 – April 12, 1879) was an American planter, politician, military historian, and Confederate general.
Richmond is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Robert Anderson (June 14, 1805 – October 26, 1871) was a United States Army officer during the American Civil War.
Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was an American and Confederate soldier, best known as a commander of the Confederate States Army.
Robert Frederick Hoke (May 27, 1837 – July 3, 1912) was a Confederate major general during the American Civil War, present at one of the earliest battles, Big Bethel, where he was commended for coolness and judgment.
Samuel Cooper (June 12, 1798 – December 3, 1876) was a career United States Army staff officer, serving during the Second Seminole War and the Mexican-American War.
Samuel Francis Du Pont (September 27, 1803 – June 23, 1865) was a rear admiral in the United States Navy, and a member of the prominent Du Pont family.
Savannah is the oldest city in the U.S. state of Georgia and is the county seat of Chatham County.
Secession (derived from the Latin term secessio) is the withdrawal of a group from a larger entity, especially a political entity, but also from any organization, union or military alliance.
The Second Battle of Charleston Harbor, also known as the Siege of Charleston Harbor, Siege of Fort Wagner, or Battle of Morris Island, took place during the American Civil War in the late summer of 1863 between a combined Union Army/Navy force and the Confederate defenses of Charleston, South Carolina.
The Second Battle of Fort Sumter was fought on September 8, 1863, in Charleston Harbor.
The Second Battle of Fort Wagner, also known as the Second Assault on Morris Island or the Battle of Fort Wagner, Morris Island, was fought on July 18, 1863, during the American Civil War.
The Second Battle of Petersburg, also known as the Assault on Petersburg, was fought June 15–18, 1864, at the beginning of the Richmond–Petersburg Campaign (popularly known as the Siege of Petersburg).
The Shenandoah Valley is a geographic valley and cultural region of western Virginia and the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia in the United States.
Sherman's March to the Sea (also known as the Savannah Campaign) was a military campaign of the American Civil War conducted through Georgia from November 15 until December 21, 1864, by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army.
The Siege of Corinth (also known as the First Battle of Corinth) was an American Civil War engagement lasting from April 29 to May 30, 1862, in Corinth, Mississippi.
The Richmond–Petersburg Campaign was a series of battles around Petersburg, Virginia, fought from June 9, 1864, to March 25, 1865, during the American Civil War.
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.
The Sons of Confederate Veterans (SCV) is an American non-profit and charitable organization of male descendants of Confederate veterans headquartered at the Elm Springs in Columbia, Tennessee.
Steven E. Woodworth (born January 28, 1961) is an American historian specializing in studies of the American Civil War.
A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
The Superintendent of the United States Military Academy is its commanding officer.
Thomas Harry Williams (May 19, 1909 – July 6, 1979) was an American historian who taught at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge from 1941 to 1979.
A television film (also known as a TV movie, TV film, television movie, telefilm, telemovie, made-for-television movie, made-for-television film, direct-to-TV movie, direct-to-TV film, movie of the week, feature-length drama, single drama and original movie) is a feature-length motion picture that is produced for, and originally distributed by or to, a television network, in contrast to theatrical films, which are made explicitly for initial showing in movie theaters.
Tennessee (translit) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.
The Tennessee River is the largest tributary of the Ohio River.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Hunley is a 1999 television movie directed by John Gray and starring Armand Assante, Donald Sutherland, Alex Jennings, Michael Dolan and Christopher Bauer.
TNT is an American basic cable and satellite television channel owned by Turner Broadcasting System.
Tupelo is the county seat and the largest city of Lee County, Mississippi, United States.
Ulysses Simpson Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American soldier and statesman who served as Commanding General of the Army and the 18th President of the United States, the highest positions in the military and the government of the United States.
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not governed by a local municipal corporation; similarly an unincorporated community is a settlement that is not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but rather is administered as part of larger administrative divisions, such as a township, parish, borough, county, city, canton, state, province or country.
During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Union, also known as the North, referred to the United States of America and specifically to the national government of President Abraham Lincoln and the 20 free states, as well as 4 border and slave states (some with split governments and troops sent both north and south) that supported it.
During the American Civil War, the Union Army referred to the United States Army, the land force that fought to preserve the Union of the collective states.
The Union blockade in the American Civil War was a naval strategy by the United States to prevent the Confederacy from trading.
The United Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia was the official name of the personal union which later became Romania, adopted in 1859 when Alexandru Ioan Cuza was elected as the Domnitor (Ruling Prince) of both territories, which were still vassals of the Ottoman Empire.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The U.S. Custom House, also known as the Old Post Office and Custom House, is a historic government building at 423 Canal Street in New Orleans, Louisiana.
The United States Department of the Interior (DOI) is the United States federal executive department of the U.S. government responsible for the management and conservation of most federal lands and natural resources, and the administration of programs relating to Native Americans, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, territorial affairs, and insular areas of the United States.
The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known as West Point, Army, Army West Point, The Academy or simply The Point, is a four-year coeducational federal service academy located in West Point, New York, in Orange County.
The United States presidential election of 1852 was the seventeenth quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 2, 1852.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
Vicksburg is the only city in, and county seat of Warren County, Mississippi, United States.
Victor Earnest Rillieux (1842 – 1898) was a blind Creole of color songwriter, poet, playwright, and businessman.
Waukesha is a city in and the county seat of Waukesha County, Wisconsin, United States.
Weldon is a town in Halifax County, North Carolina, United States.
The Welsh (Cymry) are a nation and ethnic group native to, or otherwise associated with, Wales, Welsh culture, Welsh history, and the Welsh language.
West Point is the oldest continuously occupied military post in the United States.
The Western Theater of the American Civil War encompassed major military operations in the states of Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, North Carolina, Kentucky, South Carolina and Tennessee, as well as Louisiana east of the Mississippi River.
The Whig Party was a political party active in the middle of the 19th century in the United States.
White Sulphur Springs is a city in Greenbrier County, West Virginia, United States.
William Charles "Jack" Davis (born 1946) is an American historian who was a Professor of History at Virginia Tech and the former Director of Programs at that school's Virginia Center for Civil War Studies.
William Porcher Miles (July 4, 1822 – May 11, 1899) was among the ardent states' rights advocates, supporters of slavery, and Southern secessionists who came to be known as the "Fire-Eaters." He is notable for having designed the most popular variant of the Confederate flag, originally rejected as the national flag in 1861 but adopted as a battle flag by the Army of Northern Virginia under General Robert E. Lee before it was reincorporated by William Tappan Thompson into the second design of the national flag in 1862.
William Starke Rosecrans (September 6, 1819March 11, 1898) was an American inventor, coal-oil company executive, diplomat, politician, and U.S. Army officer.
William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, educator, and author.
William Walker (May 8, 1824 – September 12, 1860) was an American physician, lawyer, journalist and mercenary who organized several private military expeditions into Latin America, with the intention of establishing English-speaking slave colonies under his personal control, an enterprise then known as "filibustering".
Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 – May 29, 1866) was a United States Army general and the unsuccessful presidential candidate of the Whig Party in 1852.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant, G. T. Beauregard, General Beauregard, General Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard, P G T Beauregard, P.G.T. Beauregard, P.G.T. de Beauregard, P.G.T.Beauregard, PGT Beauregard, PT Beauregard, Pierre Beauregard, Pierre G. T. Beauregard, Pierre G.T. Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Beauregard, Pierre Gustave T. Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toussaint Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant De Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard, Pierre Gustave touissant Beauregard, Pierre Toutant-Beauregard.