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P. T. Barnum

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Phineas Taylor Barnum (July 5, 1810 – April 7, 1891) was an American showman, politician and businessman remembered for promoting celebrated hoaxes and for founding the Barnum & Bailey Circus (1871–2017). [1]

154 relations: A Lady's Morals, A Streetcar Named Desire, Abraham Lincoln, African elephant, American Civil War, American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Ancestry.com, Ann Street (Manhattan), Anna Haining Bates, Aquarium, Baraboo, Wisconsin, Barnum (musical), Barnum effect, Barnum Museum, Barnum Museum of Natural History, Barnum's American Museum, Barnum's Aquarial Gardens, Beau Bridges, Beauty, Bethel, Connecticut, Billy Zane, Blackface, Blanche DuBois, Blue law, Bridgeport & Port Jefferson Ferry, Bridgeport Hospital, Bridgeport, Connecticut, Bridgeport, Connecticut Centennial half dollar, Brighton, Burl Ives, Burt Lancaster, Calvinism, Cardiff Giant, Carl Hagenbeck, Castle Clinton, Chang and Eng Bunker, Colonel Routh Goshen, Commodore Nutt, Conjoined twins, Connecticut, Danbury, Connecticut, Democratic Party (United States), Dred: A Tale of the Great Dismal Swamp, Early American Literature, Elvis Costello, Entertainment Weekly, Fairfield, Connecticut, Farce, Fedor Jeftichew, Fiji mermaid, ..., Fourth Universalist Society in the City of New York, Fraud, Freak show, Gangs of New York, Gas lighting, General Tom Thumb, George Washington, Grateful Dead, Griswold v. Connecticut, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Harry Houdini, Henry Bergh, Hippodrome, Hoax, Hugh Jackman, Human zoo, Humbug, Impresario, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Iranistan, Isaac W. Sprague, It's Bad for Ya, It's Only a Paper Moon, James Anthony Bailey, Jazz standard, Jenny Lind, Jenny Lind private railroad car, Jenny Lind tour of America, 1850–52, Joice Heth, Jules Verne's Rocket to the Moon, Jumbo, Kansas–Nebraska Act, Legends of Tomorrow, Leopold Eidlitz, List of mayors of Bridgeport, Connecticut, List of Russian rulers, London Zoo, Long Island Sound, Lucía Zárate, Magic (illusion), Mark Twain, Mediumship, Melodrama, Michael Gracey, Michael Jackson, Microcephaly, Minstrel show, Moorish Revival architecture, Moses Kimball, Mountain Grove Cemetery, Bridgeport, Nellie Keeler, New Testament, Panic of 1837, Pauline Cushman, Phineas Gage, Phrenology, Pogo (comic strip), Port Jefferson, New York, Project Gutenberg, Prostitution, Queen Victoria, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Republican Party (United States), Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus, Ringling brothers, Roger Ashton-Griffiths, Royal Pavilion, Seaside Park (Connecticut), Secret, Profane & Sugarcane, Smithsonian Institution, Soprano, Speech balloon, Spiritualism, Teetotalism, Temperance movement, Tennessee Williams, The Drunkard, The Greatest Show on Earth (film), The Greatest Showman, The Herald of Freedom, The Mighty Barnum, The New York Times, There's a sucker born every minute, Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Trompe-l'œil, Tufts University, Uncle Tom's Cabin, United States Congress, Universalism, University of Illinois Press, University of Virginia, Variety show, Wallace Beery, Walt Kelly, Washington Irving, Wax museum, Whig Party (United States), Wild Men of Borneo, William C. Coup, William H. Mumler, William Henry Barnum, William Shakespeare, XTC, Zip the Pinhead. Expand index (104 more) »

A Lady's Morals

A Lady's Morals is a 1930 American Pre-Code film offering a highly fictionalized account of singer Jenny Lind.

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A Streetcar Named Desire

A Streetcar Named Desire is a 1947 play written by American playwright Tennessee Williams that received the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1948.

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Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.

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African elephant

African elephants are elephants of the genus Loxodonta.

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American Civil War

The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.

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American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals

The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) is a non-profit organization dedicated to preventing cruelty to animals.

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Ancestry.com

Ancestry.com LLC is a privately held online company based in Lehi, Utah.

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Ann Street (Manhattan)

Ann Street is a 3-block-long street located in the Financial District in Lower Manhattan.

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Anna Haining Bates

Anna Haining Bates (née Swan; August 6, 1846 – August 5, 1888), was a Canadian giantess famed for her great stature of.

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Aquarium

An aquarium (plural: aquariums or aquaria) is a vivarium of any size having at least one transparent side in which aquatic plants or animals are kept and displayed.

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Baraboo, Wisconsin

Baraboo is a city in and the county seat of Sauk County, Wisconsin, United States.

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Barnum (musical)

Barnum is an American musical with a book by Mark Bramble, lyrics by Michael Stewart, and music by Cy Coleman.

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Barnum effect

The Barnum effect, also called the Forer effect, is a common psychological phenomenon whereby individuals give high accuracy ratings to descriptions of their personality that supposedly are tailored specifically to them but that are, in fact, vague and general enough to apply to a wide range of people.

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Barnum Museum

The Barnum Museum is a museum at 820 Main Street in Bridgeport, Connecticut, United States.

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Barnum Museum of Natural History

The Barnum Museum of Natural History was a natural history museum on the grounds of Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts.

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Barnum's American Museum

Barnum's American Museum was located at the corner of Broadway and Ann Street in New York City, United States, from 1841 to 1865.

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Barnum's Aquarial Gardens

Barnum's Aquarial Gardens (June 1862 – February 1863) in Boston, Massachusetts, USA, was a public aquarium, zoo, and performance space located on Washington Street in the Financial District.

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Beau Bridges

Lloyd Vernet "Beau" Bridges III (born December 9, 1941) is an American actor and director.

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Beauty

Beauty is a characteristic of an animal, idea, object, person or place that provides a perceptual experience of pleasure or satisfaction.

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Bethel, Connecticut

Bethel is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States, about from New York City.

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Billy Zane

William George Zane Jr. (born February 24, 1966) is an American actor and producer.

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Blackface

Blackface was and is a form of theatrical make-up used predominantly by non-black performers to represent a caricature of a black person.

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Blanche DuBois

Blanche DuBois (married name Grey) is a fictional character in Tennessee Williams' 1947 Pulitzer Prize-winning play A Streetcar Named Desire.

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Blue law

Blue laws, also known as Sunday laws, are laws designed to restrict or ban some or all Sunday activities for religious reasons, particularly to promote the observance of a day of worship or rest.

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Bridgeport & Port Jefferson Ferry

The Bridgeport & Port Jefferson Steamboat Company, better known as the Bridgeport & Port Jefferson Ferry is a ferry company that operates ferry service across the Long Island Sound, between the city of Bridgeport, Connecticut and the Long Island village of Port Jefferson, New York.

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Bridgeport Hospital

Bridgeport Hospital is a not-for-profit general medical and surgical hospital in Bridgeport, Connecticut.

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Bridgeport, Connecticut

Bridgeport is a historic seaport city in the U.S. state of Connecticut.

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Bridgeport, Connecticut Centennial half dollar

The Bridgeport centennial half dollar commemorative coin was minted in 1936 to celebrate the centennial of the incorporation of the city of Bridgeport, Connecticut.

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Brighton

Brighton is a seaside resort on the south coast of England which is part of the city of Brighton and Hove, East Sussex, 47 miles (75 km) south of London.

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Burl Ives

Burl Icle Ivanhoe Ives (June 14, 1909 – April 14, 1995) was an American singer and actor of stage, screen, radio and television.

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Burt Lancaster

Burton Stephen Lancaster (November 2, 1913 – October 20, 1994) was an American actor and producer.

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Calvinism

Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.

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Cardiff Giant

The Cardiff Giant was one of the most famous hoaxes in American history.

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Carl Hagenbeck

Carl Hagenbeck (June 10, 1844 – April 14, 1913) was a German merchant of wild animals who supplied many European zoos, as well as P. T. Barnum.

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Castle Clinton

Castle Clinton or Fort Clinton, previously known as Castle Garden, is a circular sandstone fort now located in Battery Park, in Manhattan, New York City.

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Chang and Eng Bunker

Chang and Eng Bunker (May 11, 1811 – January 17, 1874) were Thai-American conjoined twin brothers whose condition and birthplace became the basis for the term "Siamese twins".

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Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

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Colonel Routh Goshen

Routh Goshen, born Arthur James Caley (1824 – February 12, 1889) was most commonly known as Colonel Routh Goshen or the Arabian Giant or the Palestine Giant.

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Commodore Nutt

Commodore Nutt (George Washington Morrison Nutt; April 1, 1848 – May 25, 1881) was an American entertainer.

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Conjoined twins

Conjoined twins are identical twins joined in utero.

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Connecticut

Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

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Danbury, Connecticut

Danbury is a city in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States, located approximately northeast of New York City, making it part of the New York metropolitan area.

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Democratic Party (United States)

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).

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Dred: A Tale of the Great Dismal Swamp

Dred: A Tale of the Great Dismal Swamp is the second popular novel from American author Harriet Beecher Stowe.

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Early American Literature

Early American Literature is a peer-reviewed academic journal published three times a year by the University of North Carolina Press, focusing on the study of American literature before 1830, including Native American and French, British, Dutch, German, and Spanish colonial writing.

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Elvis Costello

Declan Patrick MacManus (born 25 August 1954), better known by his stage name Elvis Costello, is an English musician, singer, songwriter, composer, record producer, author, television presenter, and occasional actor.

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Entertainment Weekly

Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated as EW) is an American magazine, published by Meredith Corporation, that covers film, television, music, Broadway theatre, books and popular culture.

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Fairfield, Connecticut

Fairfield is an affluent town located in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States.

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Farce

In theatre, a farce is a comedy that aims at entertaining the audience through situations that are highly exaggerated, extravagant, and thus improbable.

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Fedor Jeftichew

Fedor Adrianovich Jeftichew (Russian: Фёдор Адрианович Евтищев, Fyodor Yevtishchev, 1868 - January 31, 1904), better known as Jo-Jo the Dog-Faced Boy (later Jo-Jo the Dog-Faced Man), was a famous Russian sideshow performer who was brought to the United States of America by P.T. Barnum.

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Fiji mermaid

The Fiji mermaid (also Feejee mermaid) was an object comprising the torso and head of a juvenile monkey sewn to the back half of a fish.

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Fourth Universalist Society in the City of New York

The Fourth Universalist Society in the City of New York is a congregation within the Unitarian Universalist Association located on the Upper West Side of Manhattan.

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Fraud

In law, fraud is deliberate deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain, or to deprive a victim of a legal right.

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Freak show

A freak show is an exhibition of biological rarities, referred to in popular culture as "freaks of nature".

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Gangs of New York

Gangs of New York is a 2002 American epic period drama film directed by Martin Scorsese, set in the mid-19th century in the Five Points district of New York City.

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Gas lighting

Gas lighting is production of artificial light from combustion of a gaseous fuel, such as hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, propane, butane, acetylene, ethylene, or natural gas.

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General Tom Thumb

Charles Sherwood Stratton (January 4, 1838 – July 15, 1883), better known by his stage name "General Tom Thumb", was a dwarf who achieved great fame as a performer under circus pioneer P.T. Barnum.

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George Washington

George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.

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Grateful Dead

The Grateful Dead was an American rock band formed in 1965 in Palo Alto, California.

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Griswold v. Connecticut

Griswold v. Connecticut,, is a landmark case in the United States about access to contraception.

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Harriet Beecher Stowe

Harriet Elisabeth Beecher Stowe (June 14, 1811 – July 1, 1896) was an American abolitionist and author.

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Harry Houdini

Harry Houdini (born Erik Weisz, later Ehrich Weiss or Harry Weiss; March 24, 1874 – October 31, 1926) was a Hungarian-born American illusionist and stunt performer, noted for his sensational escape acts.

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Henry Bergh

Henry Bergh (August 29, 1813 – March 12, 1888) founded the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) in April, 1866, three days after the first effective legislation against animal cruelty in the United States was passed into law by the New York State Legislature.

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Hippodrome

The hippodrome (ἱππόδρομος) was an ancient Grecian stadium for horse racing and chariot racing.

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Hoax

A hoax is a falsehood deliberately fabricated to masquerade as the truth.

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Hugh Jackman

Hugh Michael Jackman (born 12 October 1968) is an Australian actor, singer, and producer.

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Human zoo

Human zoos, also called ethnological expositions, were 19th-, 20th-, and 21st-century public exhibitions of humans, usually in a so-called natural or primitive state.

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Humbug

A humbug is a person or object that behaves in a deceptive or dishonest way, often as a hoax or in jest.

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Impresario

An impresario (from the Italian impresa, "an enterprise or undertaking") is a person who organizes and often finances concerts, plays, or operas, performing a role similar to that of an artist manager or a film or television producer.

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Indigenous peoples of the Americas

The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.

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Iranistan

Iranistan was a Moorish Revival mansion in Bridgeport, Connecticut commissioned by P. T. Barnum in 1848.

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Isaac W. Sprague

Isaac W. Sprague (May 21, 1841 - January 5, 1887) was an entertainer and sideshow performer, billed as the living human skeleton.

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It's Bad for Ya

It's Bad for Ya is the 19th album, and 14th and final HBO stand-up comedy special by stand-up comedian George Carlin.

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It's Only a Paper Moon

"It's Only a Paper Moon" is a popular song published in 1933, with music by Harold Arlen and lyrics by Yip Harburg and Billy Rose.

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James Anthony Bailey

James Anthony Bailey (July 4, 1847 – April 11, 1906), born James Anthony McGinnis, was an American circus ringmaster.

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Jazz standard

Jazz standards are musical compositions that are an important part of the musical repertoire of jazz musicians, in that they are widely known, performed, and recorded by jazz musicians, and widely known by listeners.

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Jenny Lind

Johanna Maria "Jenny" Lind (6 October 18202 November 1887) was a Swedish opera singer, often known as the "Swedish Nightingale".

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Jenny Lind private railroad car

The Jenny Lind private railroad car is the first specifically outfitted private railway coach.

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Jenny Lind tour of America, 1850–52

The Swedish soprano Jenny Lind, often known as the "Swedish Nightingale" was one of the most highly regarded singers of the 19th century.

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Joice Heth

Joice Heth (c. 1756February 19, 1836)"Joice Heth", Hoaxes.org was an African-American slave who was exhibited by P.T. Barnum with the false claim that she was the 161-year-old nursing mammy of George Washington.

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Jules Verne's Rocket to the Moon

Jules Verne's Rocket to the Moon is a 1967 Eastman color British science fiction comedy film directed by Don Sharp and starring Burl Ives, Troy Donahue, Gert Fröbe and Terry-Thomas.

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Jumbo

Jumbo (about Christmas 1860 – September 15, 1885), also known as Jumbo the Elephant and Jumbo the Circus Elephant, was a 19th-century male African bush elephant born in Sudan.

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Kansas–Nebraska Act

The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and was drafted by Democratic Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois and President Franklin Pierce.

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Legends of Tomorrow

DC's Legends of Tomorrow, or simply Legends of Tomorrow, is an American superhero television series developed by Greg Berlanti, Marc Guggenheim, Andrew Kreisberg, and Phil Klemmer, who are also executive producers along with Sarah Schechter and Chris Fedak; Klemmer and Fedak serve as showrunners.

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Leopold Eidlitz

Leopold Eidlitz (March 10, 1823, Prague, Bohemia – 1908, New York City) was a prominent New York architect best known for his work on the New York State Capitol (Albany, New York, 1876–1881), as well as "Iranistan" (1848), P. T. Barnum's house in Bridgeport, Connecticut; St.

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List of mayors of Bridgeport, Connecticut

The Mayor is the chief executive who is directly elected for a four-year term.

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List of Russian rulers

This is a list of all reigning monarchs in the history of Russia.

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London Zoo

London Zoo is the world's oldest scientific zoo.

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Long Island Sound

Long Island Sound is a tidal estuary of the Atlantic Ocean, lying between the eastern shores of Bronx County, New York City, southern Westchester County, and Connecticut to the north, and the North Shore of Long Island, to the south.

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Lucía Zárate

Lucia Zarate (January 2, 1864 – January 15, 1890) was a Mexican entertainer with dwarfism who performed in sideshows.

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Magic (illusion)

Magic, along with its subgenres of, and sometimes referred to as illusion, stage magic or street magic is a performing art in which audiences are entertained by staged tricks or illusions of seemingly impossible feats using natural means.

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Mark Twain

Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer.

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Mediumship

Mediumship is the practice of certain people—known as mediums—to purportedly mediate communication between spirits of the dead and living human beings.

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Melodrama

A melodrama is a dramatic work in which the plot, which is typically sensational and designed to appeal strongly to the emotions, takes precedence over detailed characterization.

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Michael Gracey

Michael Gracey is an Australian director and visual effects artist.

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Michael Jackson

Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American singer, songwriter, and dancer.

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Microcephaly

Microcephaly is a medical condition in which the brain does not develop properly resulting in a smaller than normal head.

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Minstrel show

The minstrel show, or minstrelsy, was an American form of entertainment developed in the early 19th century.

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Moorish Revival architecture

Moorish Revival or Neo-Moorish is one of the exotic revival architectural styles that were adopted by architects of Europe and the Americas in the wake of the Romanticist fascination with all things oriental.

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Moses Kimball

Moses Kimball (October 24, 1809 – February 21, 1895) was a US politician and showman.

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Mountain Grove Cemetery, Bridgeport

Mountain Grove Cemetery, Bridgeport, Connecticut, was laid out in 1849 in a park-like, rural setting away from the center of the city.

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Nellie Keeler

Nellie Keeler (April 6, 1875 – 1903) was an American child circus performer known as Little Queen Mab.

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New Testament

The New Testament (Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, trans. Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē; Novum Testamentum) is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible.

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New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

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Panic of 1837

The Panic of 1837 was a financial crisis in the United States that touched off a major recession that lasted until the mid-1840s.

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Pauline Cushman

Pauline Cushman (born Harriet Wood; June 10, 1833 – December 2, 1893) was an American actress and a spy for the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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Phineas Gage

Phineas P. Gage (18231860) was an American railroad construction foreman remembered for his improbable survival of an accident in which a large iron rod was driven completely through his head, destroying much of his brain's left frontal lobe, and for that injury's reported effects on his personality and behavior over the remaining 12 years of his lifeeffects sufficiently profound (for a time at least) that friends saw him as "no longer Gage".

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Phrenology

Phrenology is a pseudomedicine primarily focused on measurements of the human skull, based on the concept that the brain is the organ of the mind, and that certain brain areas have localized, specific functions or modules.

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Pogo (comic strip)

Pogo is the title and central character of a long-running daily American comic strip, created by cartoonist Walt Kelly (1913–1973) and distributed by the Post-Hall Syndicate.

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Port Jefferson, New York

Port Jefferson (informally known as Port Jeff) is an incorporated village in the Town of Brookhaven in Suffolk County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island.

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Project Gutenberg

Project Gutenberg (PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to "encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks".

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Prostitution

Prostitution is the business or practice of engaging in sexual activity in exchange for payment.

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Queen Victoria

Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.

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Ralph Waldo Emerson

Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, lecturer, philosopher, and poet who led the transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century.

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Republican Party (United States)

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

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Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus

Ringling Bros.

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Ringling brothers

The Ringling brothers (originally Rüngling) were seven American siblings of German and French descent who transformed their small touring company of performers into one of America's largest circuses in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Roger Ashton-Griffiths

Roger Ashton-Griffiths (born 19 January 1957) is an English character actor, screenwriter and film director.

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Royal Pavilion

The Royal Pavilion, also known as the Brighton Pavilion, is a Grade I listed former royal residence located in Brighton, England.

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Seaside Park (Connecticut)

Seaside Park, located in Bridgeport, Connecticut, is a long crescent-shaped park bordering Bridgeport Harbor, Long Island Sound, and Black Rock Harbor.

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Secret, Profane & Sugarcane

Secret, Profane & Sugarcane is the 2009 studio album by Elvis Costello.

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Smithsonian Institution

The Smithsonian Institution, established on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.

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Soprano

A soprano is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types.

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Speech balloon

Speech balloons (also speech bubbles, dialogue balloons or word balloons) are a graphic convention used most commonly in comic books, comics and cartoons to allow words (and much less often, pictures) to be understood as representing the speech or thoughts of a given character in the comic.

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Spiritualism

Spiritualism is a new religious movement based on the belief that the spirits of the dead exist and have both the ability and the inclination to communicate with the living.

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Teetotalism

Teetotalism is the practice or promotion of complete personal abstinence from alcoholic beverages.

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Temperance movement

The temperance movement is a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages.

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Tennessee Williams

Thomas Lanier "Tennessee" Williams III (March 26, 1911 – February 25, 1983) was an American playwright.

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The Drunkard

The Drunkard; or, The Fallen Saved is an American temperance play first performed on February 12, 1844.

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The Greatest Show on Earth (film)

The Greatest Show on Earth is a 1952 American drama film produced and directed by Cecil B. DeMille, shot in Technicolor, and released by Paramount Pictures.

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The Greatest Showman

The Greatest Showman is a 2017 American musical film directed by Michael Gracey in his directorial debut, written by Jenny Bicks and Bill Condon and starring Hugh Jackman, Zac Efron, Michelle Williams, Rebecca Ferguson, and Zendaya.

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The Herald of Freedom

The Herald of Freedom, established 1829, was a newspaper published by P. T. Barnum, based in Bethel, Connecticut.

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The Mighty Barnum

The Mighty Barnum is a 1934 film starring Wallace Beery as P.T. Barnum.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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There's a sucker born every minute

"There's a sucker born every minute" is a phrase closely associated with P. T. Barnum, an American showman of the mid-19th century, although there is no evidence he in fact said it.

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Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

The Thirteenth Amendment (Amendment XIII) to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.

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Trompe-l'œil

Trompe-l'œil (French for "deceive the eye", pronounced) is an art technique that uses realistic imagery to create the optical illusion that the depicted objects exist in three dimensions.

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Tufts University

Tufts University is a private research university incorporated in the municipality of Medford, Massachusetts, United States.

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Uncle Tom's Cabin

Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly, is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe.

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United States Congress

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.

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Universalism

Universalism is a theological and philosophical concept that some ideas have universal application or applicability.

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University of Illinois Press

The University of Illinois Press (UIP) is a major American university press and is part of the University of Illinois system.

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University of Virginia

The University of Virginia (U.Va. or UVA), frequently referred to simply as Virginia, is a public research university and the flagship for the Commonwealth of Virginia.

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Variety show

Variety shows, also known as variety arts or variety entertainment, is entertainment made up of a variety of acts including musical performances, sketch comedy, magic, acrobatics, juggling, and ventriloquism.

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Wallace Beery

Wallace Fitzgerald Beery (April 1, 1885 – April 15, 1949) was an American film actor.

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Walt Kelly

Walter Crawford Kelly, Jr. (August 25, 1913 – October 18, 1973), commonly known as Walt Kelly, was an American animator and cartoonist, best known for the comic strip Pogo.

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Washington Irving

Washington Irving (April 3, 1783 – November 28, 1859) was an American short story writer, essayist, biographer, historian, and diplomat of the early 19th century.

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Wax museum

A wax museum or waxworks usually consists of a collection of wax sculptures representing famous people from history and contemporary personalities exhibited in lifelike poses, wearing real clothes.

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Whig Party (United States)

The Whig Party was a political party active in the middle of the 19th century in the United States.

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Wild Men of Borneo

The Wild Men of Borneo, Waino and Plutanor, were a pair of exceptionally strong dwarf brothers who were most famously associated with P. T. Barnum and his freak show exhibitions.

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William C. Coup

William Cameron Coup (August 4, 1836 – March 4, 1895) was a Wisconsin businessman who partnered with P. T. Barnum and Dan Castello in 1870 to form the "P.

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William H. Mumler

William H. Mumler (1832–1884) was an American spirit photographer who worked in New York and Boston.

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William Henry Barnum

William Henry Barnum (September 17, 1818 – April 30, 1889) was an American politician, serving as a state representative, U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, and finally as chairman of the Democratic National Committee.

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William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

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XTC

XTC were an English rock band formed in Swindon in 1972 and active until 2006.

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Zip the Pinhead

William Henry Johnson (c. 1857 – April 9, 1926) known as Zip the Pinhead was an American freak show performer famous for his tapered head.

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2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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2019

2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P._T._Barnum

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