311 relations: Accelerated Graphics Port, Accolade, Ad Lib, Inc., Advanced Micro Devices, Adventure game, Ageia, Alan Kotok, Amazon (company), AMD CrossFireX, American Psychological Association, Amiga, Android (operating system), Apple IIc, Application programming interface, Arcade cabinet, Arcade game, Arsys Software, Artificial intelligence in video games, ASCII Corporation, Asia-Pacific, Atari, Atari 2600, Atari 8-bit family, Atari ST, ATi Radeon R300 Series, ATI Rage, ATI Technologies, AUTOEXEC.BAT, Bandwidth (computing), BASIC, BBC Micro, Bertie the Brain, Bing Gordon, Bitmap, Black Enterprise, Blizzard Entertainment, Byte (magazine), Canadian National Exhibition, Cemu, Cengage, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centipede, Central processing unit, Cheating in online games, Chris Crawford (game designer), City of Heroes, Civilization (video game), Clock rate, Codie award, Coleco Adam, ..., Color depth, Color Graphics Adapter, Colossal Cave Adventure, Commodore 64, Computer and Video Games, Computer Gaming World, Computer History Museum, Computer keyboard, Computer mouse, Computing platform, CONFIG.SYS, Console game, Conventional memory, Copyright infringement, Creative Computing (magazine), Creative Technology, Cross-platform, Day of the Viper, Demoscene, Device driver, Digital asset, Digital distribution, Digital rights management, Digital signal processor, Direct2Drive, DirectX, Display resolution, Dominance (economics), Donkey Kong, Doom (1993 video game), DOS, DOS memory management, DOSBox, Downloadable content, Draw distance, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (video game), Electronic Arts, Electronic delay storage automatic calculator, Elite (video game), Emulator, Enhanced Graphics Adapter, Entertainment Software Association, Episodic video game, Expanded memory, Expansion pack, Extended memory, First-person shooter, First-sale doctrine, Flight simulator, FM Towns, FM-7, Forbes, Fourth generation of video game consoles, Frequency modulation synthesis, Frogger, Future US, Gamasutra, Game engine, Game Informer, Game physics, Game server, Game studies, Gamepad, Gameplay, GamersGate, Games for Windows – Live, GameStop, GeForce 6 series, Glossary of video game terms, GOG.com, Gold Box, Golden age of arcade video games, Graphical user interface, Graphics processing unit, Gross margin, Guild Wars 2, Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution, Half-Life 2: Episode One, Handheld game console, Havok (software), Hobby, Home computer, Homebrew (video games), Hovertank 3D, IBM PC compatible, IBM Personal Computer, IBM PS/1, Id Software, Immersion (virtual reality), Impulse (software), Infocom, InfoWorld, Input device, Intel 80486, Interactive fiction, Internet, Internet access, IOS, Japanese writing system, Josef Kates, Joystick, King's Quest, Koei, Latency (engineering), Library (computing), Links 386 Pro, List of best-selling video games, List of Pac-Man clones, List of PC games, Local area network, Macintosh, Macintosh operating systems, MacOS, Mainframe computer, MAME, Mantle (API), Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Massively multiplayer online role-playing game, Master System, Matrox Mystique, Microchess, Microcomputer, Microprocessor, Microsoft Flight Simulator, Microsoft Windows, Middleware, Mindscape, Minicomputer, Minor (law), Mobile game, Mobile operating system, Mod (video gaming), Modem, Motherboard, Mountain View, California, Multi-Color Graphics Array, Multi-core processor, Museum of Art and Digital Entertainment, Myst, Namco, NEC, Nestopia, Network interface controller, Next Generation (magazine), Nintendo, Nintendo Entertainment System, Non-disclosure agreement, Non-player character, Nvidia, Oakland, California, Open world, OpenGL, Operating environment, Operating system, Optical disc, Origin (digital distribution software), Origin Systems, OXO, Pac-Man, Pac-Man (Atari 2600), PC Gamer, PC speaker, PC-8800 series, PC-9800 series, PCI Express, PCSX2, PDP-1, PDP-11, Personal computer, Petabyte, Physics engine, Physics processing unit, PhysX, Plarium, PlayStation, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Pool of Radiance, Porting, Pulse-code modulation, QEMM, Real-time strategy, Rendition (company), Retro Gamer, Rock, Paper, Shotgun, Router (computing), S3 ViRGE, Scalable Link Interface, Science fiction, Second generation of video game consoles, Sega, Shacknews, Shareware, Shovelware, Smartphone, Sound Blaster, Sound card, Source code, Space Invaders, Spacewar!, Spatial anti-aliasing, Spawn installation, Sprite (computer graphics), Star Cruiser, Stardock, Steam (software), Steering wheel, Steve Russell (computer scientist), Super Mario 64, Super video graphics array, Tablet computer, Tanarus (video game), Tandy 1000, Tandy Graphics Adapter, Texas Instruments TI-99/4A, Text-based game, Texture mapping, The Bard's Tale (1985 video game), The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (video game), Third generation of video game consoles, Third-party software component, Thread (computing), Tic-tac-toe, Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Advanced Warfighter, Tomb Raider (1996 video game), Touchscreen, Trip Hawkins, Type-in program, Ultima Underworld: The Stygian Abyss, Unreal (1998 video game), Unreal mode, Upper memory area, Usage share of operating systems, Valve Corporation, Video card, Video game, Video game addiction, Video game clone, Video game console, Video game crash of 1983, Video game design, Video game remake, Video Graphics Array, Video RAM (dual-ported DRAM), Windows NT, Windows XP, Wing Commander (video game), Wolfenstein 3D, World of Warcraft, World War II Online, X68000, Xbox (console), Xbox One, Yamaha Corporation, ZX Spectrum, 1UP.com, 2005 in video gaming, 386MAX, 3D audio effect, 3D computer graphics, 3D rendering. 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The Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) was designed as a high-speed point-to-point channel for attaching a video card to a computer system, primarily to assist in the acceleration of 3D computer graphics.
The accolade (also known as dubbing or adoubement) (benedictio militis) was the central act in the rite of passage ceremonies conferring knighthood in the Middle Ages.
Ad Lib, Inc. was a Canadian manufacturer of sound cards and other computer equipment founded by Martin Prevel, a former professor of music and vice-dean of the music department at the Université Laval.
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.
An adventure game is a video game in which the player assumes the role of a protagonist in an interactive story driven by exploration and puzzle-solving.
Ageia, founded in 2002, was a fabless semiconductor company.
Alan Kotok (November 9, 1941 – May 26, 2006) was an American computer scientist known for his work at Digital Equipment Corporation (Digital, or DEC) and at the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
Amazon.com, Inc., doing business as Amazon, is an American electronic commerce and cloud computing company based in Seattle, Washington that was founded by Jeff Bezos on July 5, 1994.
AMD CrossFire (also known as CrossFireX) is a brand name for the multi-GPU technology by Advanced Micro Devices, originally developed by ATI Technologies.
The American Psychological Association (APA) is the largest scientific and professional organization of psychologists in the United States, with around 117,500 members including scientists, educators, clinicians, consultants, and students.
The Amiga is a family of personal computers introduced by Commodore in 1985.
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
The Apple IIc, the fourth model in the Apple II series of personal computers, is Apple Computer’s first endeavor to produce a portable computer.
In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) is a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building software.
A video game arcade cabinet, also known as a video arcade machine or video coin-op, is the housing within which a video arcade game's hardware resides.
An arcade game or coin-op is a coin-operated entertainment machine typically installed in public businesses such as restaurants, bars and amusement arcades.
Arsys Software (アルシスソフトウェア), later known as Cyberhead (サイバーヘッド), was a Japanese video game software development company active from 1985 to 2001.
In video games, artificial intelligence is used to generate responsive, adaptive or intelligent behaviors primarily in non-player characters (NPCs), similar to human-like intelligence.
was a publishing company based in Tokyo, Japan.
Asia-Pacific or Asia Pacific (abbreviated as APAC, Asia-Pac, AsPac, APJ, JAPA or JAPAC) is the part of the world in or near the Western Pacific Ocean.
Atari is a corporate and brand name owned by several entities since its inception in 1972, currently by Atari Interactive, a subsidiary of the French publisher Atari, SA.
The Atari 2600 (or Atari Video Computer System before November 1982) is a home video game console from Atari, Inc. Released on September 11, 1977, it is credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor-based hardware and games contained on ROM cartridges, a format first used with the Fairchild Channel F in 1976.
The Atari 8-bit family is a series of 8-bit home computers introduced by Atari, Inc. in 1979 and manufactured until 1992.
The Atari ST is a line of home computers from Atari Corporation and the successor to the Atari 8-bit family.
The R300 GPU, introduced in August 2002 and developed by ATI Technologies, is its third generation of GPU used in Radeon graphics cards.
The ATI Rage is a series of graphics chipsets offering GUI 2D acceleration, video acceleration, and 3D acceleration.
ATI Technologies Inc. (commonly called ATI) was a semiconductor technology corporation based in Markham, Ontario, Canada, that specialized in the development of graphics processing units and chipsets.
AUTOEXEC.BAT is a system file that was originally on DOS-type operating systems.
In computing, bandwidth is the maximum rate of data transfer across a given path.
BASIC (an acronym for Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of general-purpose, high-level programming languages whose design philosophy emphasizes ease of use.
The British Broadcasting Corporation Microcomputer System, or BBC Micro, is a series of microcomputers and associated peripherals designed and built by the Acorn Computer company for the BBC Computer Literacy Project, operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation.
Bertie the Brain was an early computer game, and one of the first games developed in the early history of video games.
William "Bing" Gordon is a video game executive and technology venture capitalist.
In computing, a bitmap is a mapping from some domain (for example, a range of integers) to bits.
Black Enterprise is a black-owned multimedia company.
Blizzard Entertainment, Inc. is an American video game developer and publisher based in Irvine, California, and is a subsidiary of the American company Activision Blizzard.
Byte was an American microcomputer magazine, influential in the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s because of its wide-ranging editorial coverage.
The Canadian National Exhibition (CNE), also known as The Ex, is an annual event that takes place at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, during the 18 days leading up to and including Canadian Labour Day, the first Monday in September.
Cemu is a closed source Wii U video game console emulator for Microsoft Windows-based personal computers.
Cengage is an educational content, technology, and services company for the higher education, K-12, professional, and library markets worldwide.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.
Centipedes (from Latin prefix centi-, "hundred", and pes, pedis, "foot") are arthropods belonging to the class Chilopoda of the subphylum Myriapoda, an arthropod group which also includes Millipedes and other multi-legged creatures.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
Cheating in online games is defined as the action of pretending to comply with the rules of the game, while secretly subverting them to gain an unfair advantage over an opponent.
Christopher Crawford (born June 1, 1950) is a computer game designer and writer.
City of Heroes (CoH) was a massively multiplayer online role-playing game developed by Cryptic Studios and published by NCSOFT.
Sid Meier's Civilization is the first in a series of turn-based "4X"-type strategy video game created by Sid Meier and Bruce Shelley for MicroProse in 1991.
The clock rate typically refers to the frequency at which a chip like a central processing unit (CPU), one core of a multi-core processor, is running and is used as an indicator of the processor's speed.
The CODiE Awards are annual awards given within the software industry.
The Coleco Adam is a home computer, and expansion for the ColecoVision (port 3), released in 1983 by American toy and video game manufacturer Coleco Industries, Inc..
Color depth or colour depth (see spelling differences), also known as bit depth, is either the number of bits used to indicate the color of a single pixel, in a bitmapped image or video frame buffer, or the number of bits used for each color component of a single pixel.
The Color Graphics Adapter (CGA), originally also called the Color/Graphics Adapter or IBM Color/Graphics Monitor Adapter, introduced in 1981, was IBM's first graphics card and first color display card for the IBM PC.
Colossal Cave Adventure (also known as ADVENT, Colossal Cave, or Adventure) is a text adventure game, developed originally in 1976, by Will Crowther for the PDP-10 mainframe.
The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International (first shown at the Consumer Electronics Show, in Las Vegas, January 7–10, 1982).
Computer and Video Games (CVG, C&VG or C+VG) was a UK-based video game magazine, published in its original form between 1981 and 2004.
Computer Gaming World (CGW) was an American computer game magazine published between 1981 and 2006.
The Computer History Museum (CHM) is a museum established in 1996 in Mountain View, California, US.
In computing, a computer keyboard is a typewriter-style device which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches.
A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
A computing platform or digital platform is the environment in which a piece of software is executed.
CONFIG.SYS is the primary configuration file for the DOS and OS/2 operating systems.
A console game is a form of interactive multimedia used for entertainment.
In DOS memory management, conventional memory, also called base memory, is the first 640 kilobytes of the memory on IBM PC or compatible systems.
Copyright infringement is the use of works protected by copyright law without permission, infringing certain exclusive rights granted to the copyright holder, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the protected work, or to make derivative works.
Creative Computing was one of the earliest magazines covering the microcomputer revolution.
Creative Technology Ltd. is a Singapore-based global company headquartered in Jurong East, Singapore.
In computing, cross-platform software (also multi-platform software or platform-independent software) is computer software that is implemented on multiple computing platforms.
Day of the Viper is a first-person adventure video game published by Accolade in 1989.
The demoscene is an international computer art subculture focused on producing demos: self-contained, sometimes extremely small, computer programs that produce audio-visual presentations.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
A digital asset, in essence, is anything that exists in a binary format and comes with the right to use.
Digital distribution (also referred to as content delivery, online distribution, or electronic software distribution (ESD), among others) is the delivery or distribution of media content such as audio, video, software and video games.
Digital rights management (DRM) is a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works.
A digital signal processor (DSP) is a specialized microprocessor (or a SIP block), with its architecture optimized for the operational needs of digital signal processing.
Direct2Drive (commonly D2D) is an online game store offering PC games via direct download.
Microsoft DirectX is a collection of application programming interfaces (APIs) for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms.
The display resolution or display modes of a digital television, computer monitor or display device is the number of distinct pixels in each dimension that can be displayed.
Market dominance is a measure of the strength of a brand, product, service, or firm, relative to competitive offerings.
is a series of video games featuring the adventures of an ape-like character called Donkey Kong, conceived by Shigeru Miyamoto in 1981.
Doom (typeset as DOOM in official documents and stylized as DooM in other media) is a 1993 first-person shooter (FPS) video game by id Software.
DOS is a family of disk operating systems.
In IBM PC compatible computing, DOS memory management refers to software and techniques employed to give applications access to more than 640 kibibytes (640*1024 bytes) (kiB) of "conventional memory".
DOSBOX (stylized as DOSBox) is an emulator program which emulates an IBM PC compatible computer running a DOS operating system.
Downloadable content (DLC) is additional content created for a released video game.
In computer graphics, draw distance (render distance or view distance) is the maximum distance of objects in a three-dimensional scene that are drawn by the rendering engine.
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (also referred to simply as E.T.) is a 1982 adventure video game developed and published by Atari, Inc. for the Atari 2600 video game console.
Electronic Arts Inc. (EA) is an American video game company headquartered in Redwood City, California.
The electronic delay storage automatic calculator (EDSAC) was an early British computer.
Elite is a space trading video game, written and developed by David Braben and Ian Bell and originally published by Acornsoft for the BBC Micro and Acorn Electron computers in September 1984.
In computing, an emulator is hardware or software that enables one computer system (called the host) to behave like another computer system (called the guest).
The Enhanced Graphics Adapter (EGA) is an IBM PC computer display standard from 1984 that superseded and exceeded the capabilities of the CGA standard introduced with the original IBM PC, and was itself superseded by the VGA standard in 1987.
The Entertainment Software Association (ESA) is the trade association of the video game industry in the United States.
An episodic video game is a video game of a shorter length that is commercially released as an installment to a continuous and larger series.
In DOS memory management, expanded memory is a system of bank switching that provided additional memory to DOS programs beyond the limit of conventional memory (640 KB).
An expansion pack, expansion set, supplement, or simply expansion is an addition to an existing role-playing game, tabletop game, video game or collectible card game.
In DOS memory management, extended memory refers to memory above the first megabyte (220 bytes) of address space in an IBM PC or compatible with an 80286 or later processor.
First-person shooter (FPS) is a video game genre centered around gun and other weapon-based combat in a first-person perspective; that is, the player experiences the action through the eyes of the protagonist.
The first-sale doctrine is a legal concept playing an important role in U.S. copyright and trademark law by limiting certain rights of a copyright or trademark owner.
A flight simulator is a device that artificially re-creates aircraft flight and the environment in which it flies, for pilot training, design, or other purposes.
system is a Japanese PC variant, built by Fujitsu from February 1989 to the summer of 1997.
The FM-7 ("Fujitsu Micro 7") is a home computer created by Fujitsu, first released in 1982, sold in Japan and Spain.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
In the history of computer and video games, the fourth generation (more commonly referred to as the 16-bit era) of games consoles began on October 30, 1987 with the Japanese release of NEC Home Electronics' PC Engine (known as the TurboGrafx-16 in North America).
Frequency modulation synthesis (or FM synthesis) is a form of sound synthesis where the timbre of a simple waveform (such as a square, triangle, or sawtooth) called the carrier, is changed by modulating its frequency with a modulator frequency that is also in the same or similar audio range, so that a more complex timbre results.
Frogger is a 1981 arcade game developed by Konami.
Future US, Inc. (formerly known as Imagine Media and The Future Network USA) is an American media corporation specializing in targeted magazines and websites in the video games, music, and technology markets.
Gamasutra is a website founded in 1997 that focuses on all aspects of video game development.
A game engine is a software development environment designed for people to build video games.
Game Informer (GI) is an American monthly video game magazine featuring articles, news, strategy, and reviews of video games and associated consoles.
Computer animation physics or game physics involves the introduction of the laws of physics into a simulation or game engine, particularly in 3D computer graphics, for the purpose of making the effects appear more realistic to the observer.
A game server (also sometimes referred to as a host) is a server which is the authoritative source of events in a multiplayer video game.
Game studies, or ludology, is the study of games, the act of playing them, and the players and cultures surrounding them.
A gamepad, joypad, or simply controller is a type of game controller held in two hands, where the fingers (especially thumbs) are used to provide input.
Gameplay is the specific way in which players interact with a game, and in particular with video games.
GamersGate AB (formerly Gamer's Gate) is a Sweden-based online video game store offering electronic strategy guides and games for Windows, OS X, and Linux via direct download.
Games for Windows – Live or GFWL (trademarked as Games for Windows – LIVE) was an online gaming service used by Games for Windows–branded PC titles that enables Windows PCs to connect to Microsoft's Live service.
GameStop Corp. (known simply as GameStop) is an American video game, consumer electronics, and wireless services retailer.
The GeForce 6 Series (codename NV40) is Nvidia's sixth generation of GeForce graphic processing units.
This is a glossary of video game terms which lists the general terms as commonly used in Wikipedia articles related to video games and its industry.
GOG.com (formerly Good Old Games) is a digital distribution platform for video games and films.
Gold Box is a series of role-playing video games produced by SSI from 1988 to 1992.
The golden age of arcade video games was the era when arcade video games entered pop culture and became a dominant cultural force.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
A graphics processing unit (GPU) is a specialized electronic circuit designed to rapidly manipulate and alter memory to accelerate the creation of images in a frame buffer intended for output to a display device.
Gross margin is the difference between revenue and cost of goods sold (COGS) divided by revenue.
Guild Wars 2 is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game developed by ArenaNet and published by NCSOFT.
Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution is a book by Steven Levy about hacker culture.
Half-Life 2: Episode One (stylized as HλLF-LIFE2: EPISODE ONE) is a first-person shooter video game, the first in a series of episodes that serve as the sequel to the 2004 Half-Life 2.
A handheld game console is a small, portable self-contained video game console with a built-in screen, game controls, and speakers.
Havok is a middleware software suite developed by the Irish company Havok.
A hobby is a regular activity that is done for enjoyment, typically during one's leisure time.
Home computers were a class of microcomputers entering the market in 1977, and becoming common during the 1980s.
Homebrew is a term frequently applied to video games or other software produced by consumers to target proprietary hardware platforms (usually with hardware restrictions) not typically user-programmable or that use proprietary storage methods.
Hovertank 3D, also known under a variety of other names (Hovertank, Hovertank 3-D or Hovertank One), is a vehicular combat game developed by id Software and published by Softdisk in April, 1991.
IBM PC compatible computers are computers similar to the original IBM PC, XT, and AT, able to use the same software and expansion cards.
The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform.
The IBM PS/1 is a brand for a line of personal computers that marked IBM's return to the home market in 1990, five years after the IBM PCjr.
id Software LLC (see Company name) is an American video game developer headquartered in Dallas, Texas.
Immersion into virtual reality is a perception of being physically present in a non-physical world.
Impulse was a digital distribution and multiplayer platform.
Infocom was a software company based in Cambridge, Massachusetts that produced numerous works of interactive fiction.
InfoWorld (formerly The Intelligent Machines Journal) is an information technology media business.
In computing, an input device is a piece of computer hardware equipment used to provide data and control signals to an information processing system such as a computer or information appliance.
The Intel 80486, also known as the i486 or 486, is a higher performance follow-up to the Intel 80386 microprocessor.
Interactive fiction, often abbreviated IF, is software simulating environments in which players use text commands to control characters and influence the environment.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
Internet access is the ability of individuals and organizations to connect to the Internet using computer terminals, computers, and other devices; and to access services such as email and the World Wide Web.
iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware.
The modern Japanese writing system uses a combination of logographic kanji, which are adopted Chinese characters, and syllabic kana.
A joystick is an input device consisting of a stick that pivots on a base and reports its angle or direction to the device it is controlling.
King's Quest is a graphic adventure game series created by the American software company Sierra Entertainment.
Koei Co., Ltd. was a Japanese video game publisher, developer, and distributor founded in 1978.
Latency is a time interval between the stimulation and response, or, from a more general point of view, a time delay between the cause and the effect of some physical change in the system being observed.
In computer science, a library is a collection of non-volatile resources used by computer programs, often for software development.
Links 386 Pro is a golf simulation sports game for MS-DOS released in 1992, part of the ''Links'' series.
This is a list of the best-selling video games of all time.
In video gaming, Pac-Man clones are unauthorized versions of Namco's popular maze chase arcade game Pac-Man or games that wholesale borrow the design of Pac-Man.
The following list of PC games contains an alphabetized and segmented table of video games that are playable on the PC, but not necessarily exclusively on the PC.
A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
The family of Macintosh operating systems developed by Apple Inc. includes the graphical user interface-based operating systems it has designed for use with its Macintosh series of personal computers since 1984, as well as the related system software it once created for compatible third-party systems.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
Mainframe computers (colloquially referred to as "big iron") are computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications; bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning; and transaction processing.
MAME (originally an acronym of Multiple Arcade Machine Emulator) is a free and open source emulator designed to recreate the hardware of arcade game systems in software on modern personal computers and other platforms.
Mantle is a low-overhead rendering API targeted at 3D video games.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
Massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) are a combination of role-playing video games and massively multiplayer online games in which a very large number of players interact with one another within a virtual world.
The is a third-generation home video game console that was manufactured by Sega.
The Mystique and Mystique 220 were 2D, 3D, and video accelerator cards for personal computers designed by Matrox, using the VGA connector.
Microchess, by Peter R. Jennings, was originally a microcomputer chess program for the MOS Technology KIM-1 microcomputer, first released on December 18, 1976.
A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a microprocessor as its central processing unit (CPU).
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
Microsoft Flight Simulator (often abbreviated as MSFS or FS) is a series of flight simulator programs, marketed as video games, for the Microsoft Windows, and earlier the MS-DOS, operating systems.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Middleware is computer software that provides services to software applications beyond those available from the operating system.
Mindscape, Inc. was an American video game developer and publisher based in Novato, California.
A minicomputer, or colloquially mini, is a class of smaller computers that was developed in the mid-1960s and sold for much less than mainframe and mid-size computers from IBM and its direct competitors.
In law, a minor is a person under a certain age, usually the age of majority, which legally demarcates childhood from adulthood.
A mobile game is a video game played on a feature phone, smartphone/tablet, smartwatch, PDA, portable media player or graphing calculator.
A mod (short for "modification") is an alteration that changes some aspects or one aspect of a video game, such as how it looks or behaves.
A modem (modulator–demodulator) is a network hardware device that modulates one or more carrier wave signals to encode digital information for transmission and demodulates signals to decode the transmitted information.
A motherboard (sometimes alternatively known as the mainboard, system board, baseboard, planar board or logic board, or colloquially, a mobo) is the main printed circuit board (PCB) found in general purpose microcomputers and other expandable systems.
Mountain View is a city located in Santa Clara County, California, United States, named for its views of the Santa Cruz Mountains.
The Multi-Color Graphics Array or MCGA is a video subsystem built into the motherboard of the IBM PS/2 Model 30, introduced on April 2, 1987, and Model 25, introduced later on August 11; no standalone MCGA cards were ever made.
A multi-core processor is a single computing component with two or more independent processing units called cores, which read and execute program instructions.
The Museum of Art and Digital Entertainment (stylized as The MADE) is a museum dedicated to digital art and gaming with fully playable gaming exhibits.
Myst is a graphic adventure puzzle video game designed by the brothers Robyn and Rand Miller.
is a Japanese corporation that operates game centers and theme parks, but is best known for its previous identity as a video game developer and publisher.
is a Japanese multinational provider of information technology (IT) services and products, headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.
Nestopia is an open-source NES/Famicom emulator designed to emulate the NES hardware as accurately as possible.
A network interface controller (NIC, also known as a network interface card, network adapter, LAN adapter or physical network interface, and by similar terms) is a computer hardware component that connects a computer to a computer network.
Next Generation (also known as NextGen) was a video game magazine that was published by Imagine Media (now Future Network USA).
Nintendo Co., Ltd. is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto.
The Nintendo Entertainment System (commonly abbreviated as NES) is an 8-bit home video game console that was developed and manufactured by Nintendo.
A non-disclosure agreement (NDA), also known as a confidentiality agreement (CA), confidential disclosure agreement (CDA), proprietary information agreement (PIA) or secrecy agreement (SA), is a legal contract between at least two parties that outlines confidential material, knowledge, or information that the parties wish to share with one another for certain purposes, but wish to restrict access to or by third parties.
A non-player character (NPC) in a game is any character that is not controlled by a player.
Nvidia Corporation (most commonly referred to as Nvidia, stylized as NVIDIA, or (due to their logo) nVIDIA) is an American technology company incorporated in Delaware and based in Santa Clara, California.
Oakland is the largest city and the county seat of Alameda County, California, United States.
An open world in video games is a virtual world in which the player can explore and approach objectives freely, as opposed to a world with more linear gameplay.
Open Graphics Library (OpenGL) is a cross-language, cross-platform application programming interface (API) for rendering 2D and 3D vector graphics.
In computer software, an operating environment or integrated applications environment is the environment in which users run application software.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
In computing and optical disc recording technologies, an optical disc (OD) is a flat, usually circular disc which encodes binary data (bits) in the form of pits (binary value of 0 or off, due to lack of reflection when read) and lands (binary value of 1 or on, due to a reflection when read) on a special material (often aluminium) on one of its flat surfaces.
Origin is an online gaming, digital distribution and digital rights management (DRM) platform developed by Electronic Arts that allows users to purchase games on the internet for PC and mobile platforms, and download them with the Origin client (formerly EA Download Manager, EA Downloader and EA Link).
Origin Systems, Inc. (sometimes abbreviated as OSI) was an American video game developer based in Austin, Texas, which was active from 1983 to 2004.
OXO or Noughts and Crosses is a video game developed by A S Douglas in 1952 which simulates a game of noughts and crosses.
, stylized as PAC-MAN, is an arcade game developed by Namco and first released in Japan as Puck Man in May 1980.
In 1982, Atari Inc. released their version of Namco's hit arcade game Pac-Man for its Atari 2600 video game console.
PC Gamer is a magazine founded in the United Kingdom in 1993 devoted to PC gaming and published monthly by Future plc.
A PC speaker is a loudspeaker built into most IBM PC compatible computers.
The, commonly shortened to PC-88, are a brand of Zilog Z80-based home computers released by Nippon Electric Company (NEC) in 1981 in Japan, where it became very popular.
The, commonly shortened to PC-98, is a lineup of Japanese 16-bit and 32-bit personal computers manufactured by NEC from 1982 through 2000.
PCI Express (Peripheral Component Interconnect Express), officially abbreviated as PCIe or PCI-e, is a high-speed serial computer expansion bus standard, designed to replace the older PCI, PCI-X, and AGP bus standards.
PCSX2 is a free and open-source PlayStation 2 emulator for Windows, Linux and macOS that supports a wide range of PlayStation 2 video games with a high level of compatibility and functionality.
The PDP-1 (Programmed Data Processor-1) is the first computer in Digital Equipment Corporation's PDP series and was first produced in 1959.
The PDP-11 is a series of 16-bit minicomputers sold by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1970 into the 1990s, one of a succession of products in the PDP series.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
The petabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
A physics engine is computer software that provides an approximate simulation of certain physical systems, such as rigid body dynamics (including collision detection), soft body dynamics, and fluid dynamics, of use in the domains of computer graphics, video games and film.
A physics processing unit (PPU) is a dedicated microprocessor designed to handle the calculations of physics, especially in the physics engine of video games.
PhysX is a proprietary realtime physics engine middleware SDK.
Plarium is a mobile, social, and web-based game developer, known for Massively multiplayer online games, including Vikings: War of Clans, Terminator Genisys: Future War, Soldiers, Inc., Sparta: War of Empires, Stormfall, Total Domination, and Throne: Kingdom at War.
is a gaming brand that consists of four home video game consoles, as well as a media center, an online service, a line of controllers, two handhelds and a phone, as well as multiple magazines.
The PlayStation 3 (PS3) is a home video game console developed by Sony Computer Entertainment.
The PlayStation 4 (PS4) is an eighth-generation home video game console developed by Sony Interactive Entertainment.
Pool of Radiance is a role-playing video game developed and published by Strategic Simulations, Inc (SSI) in 1988.
In software engineering, porting is the process of adapting software for the purpose of achieving some form of execution in a computing environment that is different from the one that a given program (meant for such execution) was originally designed for (e.g. different CPU, operating system, or third party library).
Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a method used to digitally represent sampled analog signals.
Quarterdeck Expanded Memory Manager (QEMM) is a memory manager produced by Quarterdeck Office Systems in the late 1980s through late 1990s.
Real-time strategy (RTS) is a subgenre of strategy video games where the game does not progress incrementally in turns.
Rendition was a maker of 3D computer graphics chipsets in the mid to late 1990s.
Retro Gamer is a British magazine, published worldwide, covering retro video games.
Rock, Paper, Shotgun (also known as RPS) is a UK-based blog operated by Rock, Paper, Shotgun Ltd and authored by Alec Meer, Jim Rossignol, Adam Smith, John Walker, and formerly also Kieron Gillen and Quintin Smith.
A router is a networking device that forwards data packets between computer networks.
The S3 Virtual Reality Graphics Engine (ViRGE) graphics chipset was one of the first 2D/3D accelerators designed for the mass market.
Scalable Link Interface (SLI) is a brand name for a multi-GPU technology developed by Nvidia for linking two or more video cards together to produce a single output.
Science fiction (often shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction, typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as advanced science and technology, spaceflight, time travel, and extraterrestrial life.
The second generation of computer and video games began in 1976 with the release of the Fairchild Channel F. It coincided with and was partly fuelled by the golden age of arcade video games, a peak era of popularity and innovation for the medium.
Sega Games Co., Ltd., originally short for Service Games and officially styled as SEGA, is a Japanese multinational video game developer and publisher headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, with offices around the world.
Shacknews, commonly referred to as "The Shack", is a website offering news, features, editorial content, and forums relating to computer games and console games.
Shareware is a type of proprietary software which is initially provided free of charge to users, who are allowed and encouraged to make and share copies of the program.
Shovelware is derogatory computer jargon for software bundles noted more for the quantity of what is included than for the quality or usefulness.
A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.
The Sound Blaster family of sound cards was the de facto standard for consumer audio on the IBM PC compatible system platform, until the widespread transition to Microsoft Windows 95, which standardized the programming interface at application level (eliminating the importance of backward compatibility with Sound Blaster), and the evolution in PC design led to onboard motherboard-audio, which commoditized PC audio functionality.
A sound card (also known as an audio card) is an internal expansion card that provides input and output of audio signals to and from a computer under control of computer programs.
In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.
is an arcade game created by Tomohiro Nishikado and released in 1978.
Spacewar! is a space combat video game developed in 1962 by Steve Russell, in collaboration with Martin Graetz and Wayne Wiitanen, and programmed by Russell with assistance from others including Bob Saunders and Steve Piner.
In digital signal processing, spatial anti-aliasing is the technique of minimizing the distortion artifacts known as aliasing when representing a high-resolution image at a lower resolution.
In personal computer games, a spawn installation is an installed copy of a game that may only be used to play in multiplayer mode, or otherwise limits the amount of single-player content accessible to the user.
In computer graphics, a sprite is a two-dimensional bitmap that is integrated into a larger scene.
is a role-playing first-person shooter video game developed by Arsys Software and released in Japan for the PC-88 and Sharp X1 home computers in.
Stardock Corporation is a software development company founded in 1991 and incorporated in 1993 as Stardock Systems.
Steam is a digital distribution platform developed by Valve Corporation, which offers digital rights management (DRM), multiplayer gaming, video streaming and social networking services.
A steering wheel (also called a driving wheel or a hand wheel) is a type of steering control in vehicles and vessels (ships and boats).
Stephen "Steve" Russell (born 1937) is an American computer scientist most famous for creating Spacewar!, one of the earliest video games.
Super Mario 64 is a 1996 platform video game developed and published by Nintendo for the Nintendo 64.
Super Video Graphics Array or Ultra Video Graphics Array, almost always abbreviated to Super VGA, Ultra VGA or just SVGA or UVGA is a broad term that covers a wide range of computer display standards.
A tablet computer, commonly shortened to tablet, is a portable personal computer, typically with a mobile operating system and LCD touchscreen display processing circuitry, and a rechargeable battery in a single thin, flat package.
Tanarus was a free 3D multiplayer online tank first-person shooter that was commercially released on November 30, 1997.
The Tandy 1000 was the first in a line of more-or-less IBM PC compatible home computer systems produced by the Tandy Corporation for sale in its RadioShack chain of stores.
Tandy Graphics Adapter (TGA) is a computer display standard for an IBM PC compatible video subsystem that improved on IBM's Color Graphics Adapter (CGA) technology.
The Texas Instruments TI-99/4A is a home computer, released June 1981 in the United States at a price of $525 ($ adjusted for inflation).
A text game or text-based game is a video game that uses text characters instead of bitmap or vector graphics.
Texture mapping is a method for defining high frequency detail, surface texture, or color information on a computer-generated graphic or 3D model.
Tales of the Unknown: Volume I, better known by its subtitle The Bard's Tale, is a fantasy role-playing video game designed and programmed by Michael Cranford, produced by Interplay Productions in and distributed by Electronic Arts.
The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy is an interactive fiction video game based on the comedic science fiction series of the same name.
In the history of computer and video games, the third generation (sometimes referred to as the 8-bit era) began on July 15, 1983, with the Japanese release of both the Family Computer (referred to in Japan in the abbreviated form "Famicom", and later known as the Nintendo Entertainment System, or NES, in the rest of the world) and SG-1000.
In computer programming, a third-party software component is a reusable software component developed to be either freely distributed or sold by an entity other than the original vendor of the development platform.
In computer science, a thread of execution is the smallest sequence of programmed instructions that can be managed independently by a scheduler, which is typically a part of the operating system.
Tic-tac-toe (also known as noughts and crosses or Xs and Os) is a paper-and-pencil game for two players, X and O, who take turns marking the spaces in a 3×3 grid.
Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Advanced Warfighter (GRAW) is a tactical shooter video game released for Xbox 360, Xbox, PlayStation 2 and Microsoft Windows.
Tomb Raider is an action-adventure video game developed by Core Design and published by Eidos Interactive.
A touchscreen is an input and output device normally layered on the top of an electronic visual display of an information processing system.
William Murray "Trip" Hawkins III (born December 28, 1953) is an American entrepreneur and founder of Electronic Arts, The 3DO Company, and Digital Chocolate.
A type-in program, type-in listing, or sometimes just type-in, is a listing of source code printed in a computer magazine or book, meant to be entered on the computer's keyboard by the reader and then saved to cassette or disk.
Ultima Underworld: The Stygian Abyss is a first-person role-playing video game (RPG) developed by Blue Sky Productions (later Looking Glass Studios) and published by Origin Systems.
Unreal is a first-person shooter video game developed by Epic MegaGames, Digital Extremes, and Legend Entertainment and published by GT Interactive in May 1998.
In x86 computing, unreal mode, also big real mode, huge real mode, or flat real mode, is a variant of real mode, in which one or more segment descriptors has been loaded with non-standard values, like 32-bit limits allowing to access entire memory.
In DOS memory management, the upper memory area (UMA) refers to memory between the addresses of 640 KB and 1024 KB (0xA0000–0xFFFFF) in an IBM PC or compatible.
The usage share of operating systems is an estimate of the percentage of computing devices that run each operating system at any particular time.
Valve Corporation is an American video game developer and digital distribution company headquartered in Bellevue, Washington.
A video card (also called a display card, graphics card, display adapter or graphics adapter) is an expansion card which generates a feed of output images to a display (such as a computer monitor).
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
Video game addiction (VGA) has been suggested by some in the medical community as a distinct behavioral addiction characterized by excessive or compulsive use of computer games or video games that interferes with a person's everyday life.
A video game clone is either a video game (or series) which is very similar to or heavily inspired by a previous popular game or series.
A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
The video game crash of 1983 (known as the Atari shock in Japan) was a large-scale recession in the video game industry that occurred from 1983 to 1985, primarily in North America, because of market saturation.
Video game design is the process of designing the content and rules of a video game in the pre-production stage and designing the gameplay, environment, storyline, and characters in the production stage.
A video game remake is a video game closely adapted from an earlier title, usually for the purpose of modernizing a game for newer hardware and contemporary audiences and is coded from scratch.
Video Graphics Array (VGA) is the display hardware first introduced with the IBM PS/2 line of computers in 1987, following CGA and EGA introduced in earlier IBM personal computers.
Video RAM, or VRAM, is a dual-ported variant of dynamic RAM (DRAM), which was once commonly used to store the framebuffer in graphics adapters.
Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993.
Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Wing Commander is the eponymous first game in Chris Roberts' science fiction space flight simulation franchise Wing Commander by Origin Systems.
Wolfenstein 3D is a first-person shooter video game developed by id Software and published by Apogee Software and FormGen.
World of Warcraft (WoW) is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) released in 2004 by Blizzard Entertainment.
World War II Online is a massively multiplayer online first-person shooter (MMOFPS) video game.
The is a home computer created by Sharp Corporation, first released in 1987, sold only in Japan.
The Xbox is a home video game console and the first installment in the Xbox series of consoles manufactured by Microsoft.
Xbox One is a line of eighth generation home video game consoles developed by Microsoft.
() is a Japanese multinational corporation and conglomerate with a very wide range of products and services, predominantly musical instruments, electronics and power sports equipment.
The ZX Spectrum is an 8-bit personal home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research.
1UP.com was an American entertainment website that focused on video games.
2005 has seen many sequels and prequels in video games and several new titles such as Brothers in Arms: Road to Hill 30, F.E.A.R., Forza Motorsport, God of War, Guitar Hero and Sniper Elite.
386MAX (originally 386 to the Max, later Qualitas MAX) was a computer memory manager for DOS-based personal computers.
3D audio effects are a group of sound effects that manipulate the sound produced by stereo speakers, surround-sound speakers, speaker-arrays, or headphones.
3D computer graphics or three-dimensional computer graphics, (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.
3D rendering is the 3D computer graphics process of automatically converting 3D wire frame models into 2D images on a computer.
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