116 relations: ActiveX, Apple Inc., ASCII art, Atari, Atari 8-bit family, Automation, Avatar (1979 video game), Battlezone (1980 video game), Baud, Bitmap, Boss (video gaming), Bruce Artwick, Castle Wolfenstein, CDC 1604, CDC Cyber, Chalmers W. Sherwin, Champaign–Urbana metropolitan area, Charles Babbage Institute, Chat room, Computer terminal, Control Data Corporation, Dnd (video game), Donald Bitzer, Doom (1993 video game), Douglas W. Jones, Dungeons & Dragons, Educational technology, Electronic assessment, Email, Emoticon, Empire (PLATO), Emulator, Eskom, EverQuest, Federal Aviation Administration, Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Flight simulator, Florida State University, Free and open-source software, FreeCell, G.I. Bill, Game, IBM, IBM Notes, IBM Personal Computer, ILLIAC I, Instant messaging, Intel 8080, Internet forum, J. G. Ballard, ..., Java applet, Johannesburg, KwaZulu, Lamaze technique, Madadeni, Mahjong solitaire, Mainframe computer, Massively multiplayer online role-playing game, Maze War, Megawatt Park, Microcomputer, Microform, Microsoft, Microsoft Flight Simulator, Minneapolis, MODCOMP, MOO, Moria (PLATO), MUD, Multimedia, Multiplayer video game, National Science Foundation, Newcastle, KwaZulu-Natal, Novell, Online chat, Online game, Palo Alto, California, Panther (1975 video game), PARC (company), Pearson Education, Pedit5, Picture language, Plasma display, Prometric, Quake (video game), RadioShack, Remote desktop software, Rogue (video game), Role-playing game, Role-playing video game, S-100 bus, South Africa, South African Airways, Spasim, Sputnik 1, Star Trek, SubLOGIC, Synthesizer, Talkomatic, Tehran, Texas Instruments TI-99/4A, The Mother of All Demos, Touchscreen, TRS-80, TUTOR (programming language), University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, University of Illinois College of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, University of the Western Cape, Votrax, William Norris (CEO), World of Warcraft, World War II, World Wide Web, Xerox Star, Zulu people. Expand index (66 more) » « Shrink index
ActiveX is a software framework created by Microsoft that adapts its earlier Component Object Model (COM) and Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) technologies for content downloaded from a network, particularly from the World Wide Web.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
ASCII art is a graphic design technique that uses computers for presentation and consists of pictures pieced together from the 95 printable (from a total of 128) characters defined by the ASCII Standard from 1963 and ASCII compliant character sets with proprietary extended characters (beyond the 128 characters of standard 7-bit ASCII).
Atari is a corporate and brand name owned by several entities since its inception in 1972, currently by Atari Interactive, a subsidiary of the French publisher Atari, SA.
The Atari 8-bit family is a series of 8-bit home computers introduced by Atari, Inc. in 1979 and manufactured until 1992.
Automation is the technology by which a process or procedure is performed without human assistance.
Avatar is an early graphics-based multi-user highly interactive role-playing computer game, created on the University of Illinois' Control Data Corporation PLATO system in the late 1970s.
Battlezone is a first-person shooter tank combat arcade game from Atari, Inc. released in November 1980.
In telecommunication and electronics, baud (symbol: Bd) is a common measure of the speed of communication over a data channel.
In computing, a bitmap is a mapping from some domain (for example, a range of integers) to bits.
In video gaming, a boss is a significant computer-controlled enemy.
Bruce Artwick is the creator of the first consumer flight simulator software.
Castle Wolfenstein is a stealth-based action-adventure shooter video game developed by Muse Software for the Apple II.
The CDC 1604 was a 48-bit computer designed and manufactured by Seymour Cray and his team at the Control Data Corporation (CDC).
The CDC Cyber range of mainframe-class supercomputers were the primary products of Control Data Corporation (CDC) during the 1970s and 1980s.
Chalmers W. Sherwin was an American physicist 1926-2007 (81 years).
The Champaign–Urbana metropolitan area, also known as Champaign-Urbana and Urbana-Champaign, is a metropolitan area in east-central Illinois.
The Charles Babbage Institute is a research center at the University of Minnesota specializing in the history of information technology, particularly the history of digital computing, programming/software, and computer networking since 1935.
The term chat room, or chatroom, is primarily used to describe any form of synchronous conferencing, occasionally even asynchronous conferencing.
A computer terminal is an electronic or electromechanical hardware device that is used for entering data into, and displaying or printing data from, a computer or a computing system.
Control Data Corporation (CDC) was a mainframe and supercomputer firm.
dnd is a role-playing video game.
Donald L. Bitzer (born January 1, 1934) is an American electrical engineer and computer scientist.
Doom (typeset as DOOM in official documents and stylized as DooM in other media) is a 1993 first-person shooter (FPS) video game by id Software.
Douglas W. Jones is an American computer scientist at the University of Iowa.
Dungeons & Dragons (abbreviated as D&DMead, Malcomson; ''Dungeons & Dragons'' FAQ or DnD) is a fantasy tabletop role-playing game (RPG) originally designed by Gary Gygax and Dave Arneson.
Educational technology is "the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources".
Electronic assessment, also known as e-assessment, online assessment, computer assisted/mediated assessment and computer-based assessment, is the use of information technology in various forms of assessment such as educational assessment, health assessment, psychiatric assessment, and psychological assessment.
Electronic mail (email or e-mail) is a method of exchanging messages ("mail") between people using electronic devices.
An emoticon (rarely pronounced) is a pictorial representation of a facial expression using characters—usually punctuation marks, numbers, and letters—to express a person's feelings or mood, or as a time-saving method.
Empire is the name of a computer game written for the PLATO system in 1973.
In computing, an emulator is hardware or software that enables one computer system (called the host) to behave like another computer system (called the guest).
Eskom is a South African electricity public utility, established in 1923 as the Electricity Supply Commission (ESCOM) by the government of the Union of South Africa in terms of the Electricity Act (1922).
EverQuest is a 3D fantasy-themed massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed and published by Sony Online Entertainment, and released on March 16, 1999.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.
In the United States, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (FINRA) is a private corporation that acts as a self-regulatory organization (SRO).
A flight simulator is a device that artificially re-creates aircraft flight and the environment in which it flies, for pilot training, design, or other purposes.
Florida State University (Florida State or FSU) is a public space-grant and sea-grant research university with its primary campus on a campus in Tallahassee, Florida.
Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software that can be classified as both free software and open-source software.
FreeCell is a solitaire card game played using the standard 52-card deck.
The Serviceman's Readjustment Act of 1944, also known as the G.I. Bill, was a law that provided a range of benefits for returning World War II veterans (commonly referred to as G.I.s).
A game is a structured form of play, usually undertaken for enjoyment and sometimes used as an educational tool.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
IBM Notes (formerly Lotus Notes; see branding, below) and IBM Domino (formerly Lotus Domino) are the client and server, respectively, of a collaborative client-server software platform sold by IBM.
The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform.
The ILLIAC I (Illinois Automatic Computer), a pioneering computer built in 1952 by the University of Illinois, was the first computer built and owned entirely by a US educational institution.
Instant messaging (IM) technology is a type of online chat that offers real-time text transmission over the Internet.
The Intel 8080 ("eighty-eighty") was the second 8-bit microprocessor designed and manufactured by Intel and was released in April 1974.
An Internet forum, or message board, is an online discussion site where people can hold conversations in the form of posted messages.
James Graham Ballard (15 November 193019 April 2009) was an English novelist, short story writer, and essayist who first became associated with the New Wave of science fiction for his post-apocalyptic novels such as The Wind from Nowhere (1961) and The Drowned World (1962).
A Java applet was a small application that is written in the Java programming language, or another programming language that compiles to Java bytecode, and delivered to users in the form of Java bytecode.
Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.
KwaZulu was a bantustan in South Africa, intended by the apartheid government as a semi-independent homeland for the Zulu people.
The Lamaze technique, also known as the psychoprophylactic method or simply Lamaze, started as a prepared childbirth technique popularized in the 1950s by French obstetrician Dr.
Madadeni is a township in Newcastle, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, which falls under Amajuba District Municipality.
Mahjong solitaire is a single-player matching game that uses a set of mahjong tiles rather than cards.
Mainframe computers (colloquially referred to as "big iron") are computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications; bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning; and transaction processing.
Massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) are a combination of role-playing video games and massively multiplayer online games in which a very large number of players interact with one another within a virtual world.
Maze War (also known as The Maze Game, Maze Wars, Mazewar or simply Maze) is a 1973 computer game which originated or disseminated a number of concepts used in thousands of games to follow, and is considered one of the earliest examples of, or progenitor of, a first-person shooter.
Megawatt Park is the site of the Eskom head office in Sunninghill, Gauteng, South Africa.
A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a microprocessor as its central processing unit (CPU).
Microforms are scaled-down reproductions of documents, typically either films or paper, made for the purposes of transmission, storage, reading, and printing.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Flight Simulator (often abbreviated as MSFS or FS) is a series of flight simulator programs, marketed as video games, for the Microsoft Windows, and earlier the MS-DOS, operating systems.
Minneapolis is the county seat of Hennepin County, and the larger of the Twin Cities, the 16th-largest metropolitan area in the United States.
MODCOMP (Modular Computer Systems, Inc) was a small minicomputer vendor that specialized in real-time applications.
A MOO (MUD, object-oriented) is a text-based online virtual reality system to which multiple users (players) are connected at the same time.
Moria is a dungeon crawl style role-playing video game first developed for the PLATO system around 1975, with copyright dates listed as 1978 and 1984.
A MUD (originally Multi-User Dungeon, with later variants Multi-User Dimension and Multi-User Domain) is a multiplayer real-time virtual world, usually text-based.
Multimedia is content that uses a combination of different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, video and interactive content.
A multiplayer video game is a video game in which more than one person can play in the same game environment at the same time, either locally or over the internet.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering.
Newcastle is the third-largest city in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, with a population of 363,236 citizens as of the 2011 census.
Novell, Inc. was a software and services company headquartered in Provo, Utah.
Online chat may refer to any kind of communication over the Internet that offers a real-time transmission of text messages from sender to receiver.
An online game is a video game that is either partially or primarily played through the Internet or any other computer network available.
Palo Alto is a charter city located in the northwest corner of Santa Clara County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area of the United States.
Panther, a battle tank-driving simulation named after the Panther tank, was one of a handful of early first-person computer games developed by John Edo Haefeli and Nelson Bridwell in 1975 at Northwestern University.
PARC (Palo Alto Research Center; formerly Xerox PARC) is a research and development company in Palo Alto, California, with a distinguished reputation for its contributions to information technology and hardware systems.
Pearson Education (see also Pearson PLC) is a British-owned education publishing and assessment service to schools and corporations, as well as directly to students.
pedit5, alternately called The Dungeon is a 1975 dungeon crawl video game developed for the PLATO system by Rusty Rutherford.
In formal language theory, a picture language is a set of pictures, where a picture is a 2D array of characters over some alphabet.
A plasma display panel (PDP) is a type of flat panel display common to large TV displays or larger.
Prometric, also known as Prometric Testing, is a U.S. company in the test administration industry.
Quake is a first-person shooter video game, developed by id Software and published by GT Interactive in 1996.
RadioShack, formally RadioShack Corporation, is the trade name of an American retailer founded in 1921, which operates a chain of electronics stores.
In computing, the term remote desktop refers to a software or operating system feature that allows a personal computer's desktop environment to be run remotely on one system (usually a PC, but the concept applies equally to a server), while being displayed on a separate client device.
Rogue (also known as Rogue: Exploring the Dungeons of Doom) is a dungeon crawling video game by Michael Toy and Glenn Wichman and later contributions by Ken Arnold.
A role-playing game (sometimes spelled roleplaying game and abbreviated to RPG) is a game in which players assume the roles of characters in a fictional setting.
A role-playing video game (commonly referred to as simply a role-playing game or an RPG as well as a computer role-playing game or a CRPG) is a video game genre where the player controls the actions of a character (and/or several party members) immersed in some well-defined world.
The S-100 bus or Altair bus, IEEE696-1983 (withdrawn), was an early computer bus designed in 1974 as a part of the Altair 8800.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
South African Airways (SAA) is the flag carrier airline of South Africa.
Spasim is a 32-player 3D networked space flight simulation game and first-person space shooter developed by Jim Bowery for the PLATO computer network and released in March 1974.
Sputnik 1 (or; "Satellite-1", or "PS-1", Простейший Спутник-1 or Prosteyshiy Sputnik-1, "Elementary Satellite 1") was the first artificial Earth satellite.
Star Trek is an American media franchise based on the science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry.
subLOGIC Corporation is an American software development company.
A synthesizer (often abbreviated as synth, also spelled synthesiser) is an electronic musical instrument that generates electric signals that are converted to sound through instrument amplifiers and loudspeakers or headphones.
Talkomatic is an online chat system that facilitates real-time text communication among a small group of people.
Tehran (تهران) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province.
The Texas Instruments TI-99/4A is a home computer, released June 1981 in the United States at a price of $525 ($ adjusted for inflation).
"The Mother of All Demos" is a name retroactively applied to a landmark computer demonstration, given at the Association for Computing Machinery / Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (ACM/IEEE)—Computer Society's Fall Joint Computer Conference in San Francisco, which was presented by Douglas Engelbart on 9 December, 1968.
A touchscreen is an input and output device normally layered on the top of an electronic visual display of an information processing system.
The TRS-80 Micro Computer System (TRS-80, later renamed the Model I to distinguish it from successors) is a desktop microcomputer launched in 1977 and sold by Tandy Corporation through their Radio Shack stores.
TUTOR (also known as PLATO Author Language) is a programming language developed for use on the PLATO system at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign around 1965.
The University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign (also known as U of I, Illinois, or colloquially as the University of Illinois or UIUC) is a public research university in the U.S. state of Illinois and the flagship institution of the University of Illinois System.
The University of Illinois College of Medicine offers a four-year program leading to the MD degree at four different sites in Illinois: Chicago, Peoria, Rockford, and formerly Urbana–Champaign.
The University of Pennsylvania (commonly known as Penn or UPenn) is a private Ivy League research university located in University City section of West Philadelphia.
The University of the Western Cape is a public university located in the Bellville suburb of Cape Town, South Africa.
Votrax International, Inc. (originally the Vocal division of Federal Screw Works), or just Votrax, was a speech synthesis company located in the Detroit, Michigan area from 1971 to about 1996 It began as a division of Federal Screw Works from 1971 to 1973.
William Charles Norris (July 14, 1911 near Red Cloud, Nebraska – August 21, 2006) was an American business executive.
World of Warcraft (WoW) is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) released in 2004 by Blizzard Entertainment.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
The Star workstation, officially named Xerox 8010 Information System, was the first commercial system to incorporate various technologies that have since become standard in personal computers, including a bitmapped display, a window-based graphical user interface, icons, folders, mouse (two-button), Ethernet networking, file servers, print servers, and e-mail.
The Zulu (amaZulu) are a Bantu ethnic group of Southern Africa and the largest ethnic group in South Africa, with an estimated 10–12 million people living mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal.