109 relations: Aerospace engineering, Aircraft canopy, Ankara, Avia, Avia B-534, Axis powers, Bloch MB.150, Borkowski, Bristol Aeroplane Company, Bristol Mercury, Browning Arms Company, Bucharest, Bulgaria, Bulgarian Air Force, Bulkhead (partition), Cantilever, Chord (aeronautics), Cockpit, Colt's Manufacturing Company, Czechoslovakia, Dewoitine D.371, Dornier Do 17, Drag (physics), Duralumin, Elevator, Estonia, Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, Fiat A.80, Fiat CR.32, Fiat CR.42, Fiat G.50, Fighter aircraft, Fin, Finland, Franc, France, French Air Force, Girder, Gloster Gladiator, Gnome et Rhône, Gnome-Rhône 14N, Gnome-Rhône Mistral Major, Greece, Gull wing, Hellenic Air Force, Henri Coandă International Airport, Henschel Hs 126, Hungary, IAR 80, Ikarus IK-2, ..., Industria Aeronautică Română, Invasion of Poland, Istanbul, Japan, Józef Zając, Junkers Ju 87, Kayseri, Landing gear, Larissa, Leading edge, Licensed production, List of aircraft of World War II, List of Renault engines, Loire 46, Luftwaffe, Macchi C.200, Machine gun, Maiden flight, Monoplane, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, Oerlikon FF, Oleo strut, Operation Barbarossa, Parachute, Paris Air Show, Patent, Ploiești, Pneumatics, Poland, Polikarpov I-153, Portugal, Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Twin Wasp, PZL, PZL P.1, PZL P.11, PZL P.7, PZL.50 Jastrząb, Radial engine, Romania, Romanian Air Force, Royal Romanian Air Force, Servo tab, Shock absorber, Soviet Air Forces, Soviet Union, Stressed skin, Supercharger, Sweden, Tapering (mathematics), Thessaloniki, Trailing edge, Trikala, Turkey, Turkish Air Force, Variable-pitch propeller, Warsaw, World War II, Yugoslavia, Zygmunt Puławski. Expand index (59 more) » « Shrink index
Aerospace engineering is the primary field of engineering concerned with the development of aircraft and spacecraft.
An aircraft canopy is the transparent enclosure over the cockpit of some types of aircraft.
Ankara (English; Turkish Ottoman Turkish Engürü), formerly known as Ancyra (Ἄγκυρα, Ankyra, "anchor") and Angora, is the capital of the Republic of Turkey.
Avia is a Czech automotive manufacturer.
The Avia B-534 is a Czechoslovak biplane developed and manufactured by aviation company Avia.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
The Bloch MB.150 (later MB.151 to MB.157) was a French low-wing monoplane fighter aircraft developed and produced by Société des Avions Marcel Bloch.
Borkowski (feminine: Borkowska; plural: Borkowscy) or Borkowsky is a surname of Polish-language origin.
The Bristol Aeroplane Company, originally the British and Colonial Aeroplane Company, was both one of the first and one of the most important British aviation companies, designing and manufacturing both airframes and aircraft engines.
The Bristol Mercury is a nine-cylinder, air-cooled, single-row, piston radial engine.
Browning Arms Company (originally John Moses and Matthew Sandifer Browning Company) is an American maker of firearms and fishing gear.
Bucharest (București) is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
The Bulgarian Air Force (Voennovëzdušni sili) is one of the three branches of the Military of Bulgaria, the other two being the Bulgarian Navy and Bulgarian land forces.
A bulkhead is an upright wall within the hull of a ship or within the fuselage of an aeroplane.
A cantilever is a rigid structural element, such as a beam or a plate, anchored at one end to a (usually vertical) support from which it protrudes; this connection could also be perpendicular to a flat, vertical surface such as a wall.
In aeronautics, chord refers to the imaginary straight line joining the leading and trailing edges of an aerofoil.
A cockpit or flight deck is the area, usually near the front of an aircraft or spacecraft, from which a pilot controls the aircraft.
Colt's Manufacturing Company, LLC (CMC, formerly Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company) is an American firearms manufacturer, founded in 1855 by Samuel Colt.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
The Dewoitine 37 was the origin of a family of 1930s French-built monoplane fighter aircraft.
The Dornier Do 17, sometimes referred to as the Fliegender Bleistift ("flying pencil"), was a light bomber of Nazi Germany during World War II.
In fluid dynamics, drag (sometimes called air resistance, a type of friction, or fluid resistance, another type of friction or fluid friction) is a force acting opposite to the relative motion of any object moving with respect to a surrounding fluid.
Duralumin (also called duraluminum, duraluminium, duralum, dural(l)ium, or dural) is a trade name for one of the earliest types of age-hardenable aluminium alloys.
An elevator (US and Canada) or lift (UK, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, and South Africa, Nigeria) is a type of vertical transportation that moves people or goods between floors (levels, decks) of a building, vessel, or other structure.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
The Fédération aéronautique internationale (FAI; The World Air Sports Federation), is the world governing body for air sports.
The Fiat A.80 was an 18-cylinder, twin-row, air-cooled, radial aircraft engine produced during World War II.
The Fiat CR.32 was an Italian biplane fighter used in the Spanish Civil War and World War II.
The Fiat CR.42 Falco ("Falcon", plural: Falchi) was a single-seat sesquiplane fighter developed and produced by Italian aircraft manufacturer Fiat Aviazione.
The Fiat G.50 Freccia ("Arrow") was a World War II Italian fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by aviation company Fiat.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
A fin is a thin component or appendage attached to a larger body or structure.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
The franc (₣) is the name of several currency units.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The French Air Force (Armée de l'Air Française), literally Aerial Army) is the air force of the French Armed Forces. It was formed in 1909 as the Service Aéronautique, a service arm of the French Army, then was made an independent military arm in 1934. The number of aircraft in service with the French Air Force varies depending on source, however sources from the French Ministry of Defence give a figure of 658 aircraft in 2014. The French Air Force has 241 combat aircraft in service, with the majority being 133 Dassault Mirage 2000 and 108 Dassault Rafale. As of early 2017, the French Air Force employs a total of 41,160 regular personnel. The reserve element of the air force consisted of 5,187 personnel of the Operational Reserve. The Chief of Staff of the French Air Force (CEMAA) is a direct subordinate of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA).
A girder is a support beam used in construction.
The Gloster Gladiator (or Gloster SS.37) is a British-built biplane fighter.
Gnome et Rhône was a major French aircraft engine manufacturer.
The Gnome-Rhône 14N was a 14-cylinder two-row air-cooled radial engine designed and manufactured by Gnome-Rhône.
The Gnome-Rhône 14K Mistral Major was a 14-cylinder, two-row, air-cooled radial engine.
The gull wing is an aircraft wing configuration with a prominent bend in the wing inner section towards the wing root.
The Hellenic Air Force (HAF; Πολεμική Αεροπορία, Polemikí Aeroporía, literally "War Aviation", sometimes abbreviated as ΠΑ) is the air force of Greece (with Hellenic being a synonym for Greek).
Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport (Aeroportul Internațional Henri Coandă București) is Romania's busiest international airport, located in Otopeni, north of Bucharest's city centre.
The Henschel Hs 126 was a German two-seat reconnaissance and observation aircraft of World War II that was derived from the Henschel Hs 122.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
The IAR 80 was a Romanian World War II low-wing monoplane, all-metal monocoque fighter and ground-attack aircraft.
The Ikarus IK-2 was a 1930s high-wing, single-seat, monoplane fighter aircraft of Yugoslav design built for the Royal Yugoslav Air Force.
Industria Aeronautică Română (IAR) (now IAR S.A. Brașov) or Romanian Aeronautic Industry in English, is a Romanian aerospace manufacturer founded in 1925.
The Invasion of Poland, known in Poland as the September Campaign (Kampania wrześniowa) or the 1939 Defensive War (Wojna obronna 1939 roku), and in Germany as the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug) or Fall Weiss ("Case White"), was a joint invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, the Free City of Danzig, and a small Slovak contingent that marked the beginning of World War II.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Józef Ludwik Zając (pron. Za-YANTz) (1891–1963) was a Polish general and pilot.
The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka (from Sturzkampfflugzeug, "dive bomber") is a German dive bomber and ground-attack aircraft.
Kayseri is a large and industrialised city in Central Anatolia, Turkey.
Landing gear is the undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft and may be used for either takeoff or landing.
Larissa (Λάρισα) is the capital and largest city of the Thessaly region, the fourth-most populous in Greece according to the population results of municipal units of 2011 census and capital of the Larissa regional unit.
The leading edge is the part of the wing that first contacts the air;Crane, Dale: Dictionary of Aeronautical Terms, third edition, page 305.
Licensed production refers to the local production under license of technology developed elsewhere.
The List of aircraft of World War II includes all the aircraft used by those countries, which were at war during World War II from the period between their joining the conflict and the conflict ending for them.
Engines used by French automaker Renault SA have historically been referenced in technical specifications along two distinct systems.
The Loire 46 was a French single-seater fighter aircraft of the 1930s.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
The Macchi C.200 Saetta (Italian: Thunderbolt), or MC.200, was a fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by Aeronautica Macchi in Italy.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.
The maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground under its own power.
A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with a single main wing plane, in contrast to a biplane or other multiplane, each of which has multiple planes.
The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) was a U.S. federal agency founded on March 3, 1915, to undertake, promote, and institutionalize aeronautical research.
The FF were a series of 20mm autocannon introduced by Oerlikon in the late 1920s.
An oleo strut is a pneumatic air–oil hydraulic shock absorber used on the landing gear of most large aircraft and many smaller ones.
Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.
A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag (or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift).
The Paris Air Show (Salon international de l'aéronautique et de l'espace de Paris-Le Bourget, Salon du Bourget) is the largest Air Show before UK's Farnborough, followed by Dubai Air Show or Singapore Airshow.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
Ploiești (older spelling: Ploești) is a city and county seat in Prahova County, Romania.
Pneumatics (From Greek: πνεύμα) is a branch of engineering that makes use of gas or pressurized air.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
The Polikarpov I-153 Chaika (Russian Чайка, "Seagull") was a late 1930s Soviet biplane fighter.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
The Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Twin Wasp is an American aircraft engine widely used in the 1930s and 1940s.
PZL (Państwowe Zakłady Lotnicze - State Aviation Works) was the main Polish aerospace manufacturer of the interwar period, based in Warsaw, functioning in 1928-1939.
The PZL P.1 was a Polish fighter, designed by the engineer Zygmunt Puławski, manufactured by the PZL state-owned factory.
The PZL P.11 was a Polish fighter aircraft, designed and constructed during the early 1930s by Warsaw-based aircraft manufacturer PZL.
The PZL P.7 was a Polish fighter aircraft designed in the early 1930s at the PZL factory in Warsaw.
The PZL.50 Jastrząb (hawk) was a Polish pre-war fighter aircraft design by Wsiewołod Jakimiuk of the PZL works.
The radial engine is a reciprocating type internal combustion engine configuration in which the cylinders "radiate" outward from a central crankcase like the spokes of a wheel.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
The Romanian Air Force (Forțele Aeriene Române) is the air force branch of the Romanian Armed Forces.
The Air Arm of the Royal Romanian forces in World War II was officially named the Aeronautica Regala Romana (ARR), or the Romanian Royal Aeronautics, though it is more commonly referred to in English histories as the Forţele Aeriene Regale ale României (Royal Romanian Air Force, FARR), or simply Forţele Aeriene Române (Romanian Air Force).
A servo tab is a small hinged device installed on an aircraft control surface to assist the movement of the control surfaces.
A shock absorber (in reality, a shock "damper") is a mechanical or hydraulic device designed to absorb and damp shock impulses.
The Soviet Air Forces (r (VVS), literally "Military Air Forces") was the official designation of one of the air forces of the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
In mechanical engineering, stressed skin is a type of rigid construction, intermediate between monocoque and a rigid frame with a non-loaded covering.
A supercharger is an air compressor that increases the pressure or density of air supplied to an internal combustion engine.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
In mathematics, physics, and theoretical computer graphics, tapering is a kind of shape deformation.
Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη, Thessaloníki), also familiarly known as Thessalonica, Salonica, or Salonika is the second-largest city in Greece, with over 1 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
The trailing edge of an aerodynamic surface such as a wing is its rear edge, where the airflow separated by the leading edge rejoins.
Trikala (Τρίκαλα) is a city in northwestern Thessaly, Greece, and the capital of the Trikala regional unit.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
The Turkish Air Force (Türk Hava Kuvvetleri) is the aerial warfare service branch of the Turkish Armed Forces.
A controllable-pitch propeller (CPP) or variable-pitch propeller is a type of propeller with blades that can be rotated around their long axis to change the blade pitch.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija/Југославија; Jugoslavija; Југославија; Pannonian Rusyn: Югославия, transcr. Juhoslavija)Jugosllavia; Jugoszlávia; Juhoslávia; Iugoslavia; Jugoslávie; Iugoslavia; Yugoslavya; Югославия, transcr. Jugoslavija.
Zygmunt Puławski (October 24, 1901 – March 21, 1931) was a Polish aircraft designer and pilot.