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P antigen system

Index P antigen system

P antigen system is a human blood group system based upon the A4GALT and B3GALNT1 genes on chromosome 22. [1]

13 relations: A4GALT, B3GALNT1, BGMUT, Chromosome 22, Fifth disease, Hemolytic disease of the newborn, Hemolytic-uremic syndrome, Human blood group systems, National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Institutes of Health, Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria, Parvovirus B19, Shiga toxin.

A4GALT

Lactosylceramide 4-alpha-galactosyltransferase is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the A4GALT gene.

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B3GALNT1

UDP-GalNAc:beta-1,3-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 1 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the B3GALNT1 gene.

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BGMUT

The BGMUT (Blood Group antigen gene MUTation) Database documents allelic variations in the genes encoding for human blood group systems.

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Chromosome 22

Chromosome 22 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in human cells.

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Fifth disease

Erythema infectiosum or fifth disease is one of several possible manifestations of infection by parvovirus B19.

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Hemolytic disease of the newborn

Hemolytic disease of the newborn, also known as hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn, HDN, HDFN, or erythroblastosis fetalis, is an alloimmune condition that develops in a peripartum fetus, when the IgG molecules (one of the five main types of antibodies) produced by the mother pass through the placenta.

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Hemolytic-uremic syndrome

Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) is a disease characterized by a triad of hemolytic anemia (anemia caused by destruction of red blood cells), acute kidney failure (uremia), and a low platelet count (thrombocytopenia).

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Human blood group systems

The term human blood group systems is defined by International Society of Blood Transfusion as systems in the human species where cell-surface antigens—in particular, those on blood cells—are "controlled at a single gene locus or by two or more very closely linked homologous genes with little or no observable recombination between them", and include the common ABO and Rh- (Rhesus) antigen systems, as well as many others; thirty-five major human systems are identified as of November 2014.

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National Center for Biotechnology Information

The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) is part of the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), a branch of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

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National Institutes of Health

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and public health research, founded in the late 1870s.

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Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria

Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria (PCH), also known as Donath-Landsteiner syndrome, is a disease of humans that is characterized by the sudden presence of hemoglobin in the urine (called hemoglobinuria), typically after exposure to cold temperatures.

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Parvovirus B19

Primate erythroparvovirus 1, generally referred to as B19 virus, parvovirus B19 or sometimes erythrovirus B19, was the first (and until 2005 the only) known human virus in the family Parvoviridae, genus Erythroparvovirus; it measures only 23–26 nm in diameter.

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Shiga toxin

Shiga toxins are a family of related toxins with two major groups, Stx1 and Stx2, expressed by genes considered to be part of the genome of lambdoid prophages.

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Redirects here:

Bloodtype P, P blood-group system.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P_antigen_system

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