218 relations: Aluminium, Ambrose Crowley, American English, Amphora, Andrew Yarranton, Antistatic bag, Archaeology, Asepsis, ASTM International, Authentication, Automation, Bag-in-box, Bakelite, Barcode, Barcode reader, Barrel, Basket, Blister pack, Bohemia, Bota bag, Bottle, Bottle cap, Box, Brazilian packaging market, Bristol, Bristol Channel, British English, Bronze, Brooklyn, Bryan Donkin, Cairo, Can opener, Carton, Cartoning machine, CE marking, Cellophane, Check weigher, Chemical substance, Child-resistant packaging, Computer-aided design, Computer-aided manufacturing, Consultant, Containerization, Convenience, Converters (industry), Conveyor belt, Corrugated box design, Corrugated fiberboard, Counterfeit, Counterfeit consumer goods, ..., Country-of-origin labeling, Crate, Dangerous goods, Desiccant, Developed country, Document automation, Drug delivery, EC identification and health marks, Electronic article surveillance, Electronic data interchange, Electrostatic discharge, Energy recovery, Engineer, England, Environmental policy, Estimated sign, European Union, Ezra Warner (inventor), FCC Declaration of Conformity, Field ration, Filler (packaging), Folding carton, Food, Food contact materials, Food packaging, Food preservation, Food safety, Food science, Francis Wolle, Gift wrapping, Glass, Granular material, Graphic communication, Graphic design, Green Dot (symbol), Gross national product, GS1, GS1-128, Hammer, Heat sealer, Human factors and ergonomics, Iceland in World War II, In-mould labelling, Incineration, Independent contractor, Inspection, International Organization for Standardization, John Hanbury (1664–1734), Kerbside collection, Label, Label dispenser, Label printer, Landfill, Laser, Leachate, Life-cycle assessment, Lineshaft roller conveyor, Liquid, Litter, Logistics, Lot number, Maintainability, Mandatory labelling, Marketing, Marketing communications, Materiel, MaxiCode, Medical device, Medication, Medicine, Michigan State University, Middlesex, Modified atmosphere, Molded pulp, Monopoly, Multihead weigher, New product development, Newport, Wales, Nicolas Appert, Outsourcing, Over-the-counter drug, Oxygen, Oxygen scavenger, Package pilferage, Package testing, Packaging engineering, Packing problems, Pallet, Paperboard, Perforation, Permeation, Persian people, Peter Durand, Philip Foley, Plastic, Point of sale display, Polypropylene raffia, Pontypool, Powder, Printing registration, Programmable logic controller, Project management, Project planning, Proof of purchase, QR code, Quality assurance, Quality control, Quality management, Radio-frequency identification, Rapid prototyping, Recycling, Recycling codes, Recycling symbol, Refuse-derived fuel, Reliability engineering, Resealable packaging, Resin identification code, Retail, Retail loss prevention, Return on investment, Reusable packaging, Robert Gair, Robotics, Roll slitting, Royal Navy, Sam's Club, Security, Security printing, Serial code, Shelf life, Shipping container, Shock (mechanics), Shrink tunnel, Shrink wrap, Skin pack, Standards organization, Straw, Stretch wrap, Sustainability, Sustainable packaging, Tamper resistance, Tamper-evident technology, Technischer Überwachungsverein, Temperature, Tinning, Tobacco, Toxicology, Track and trace, Trademark, Transport, Unit load, United States Military Standard, Universal Product Code, Vase, Verification and validation, Vertical form fill sealing machine, Vibration, Walmart, Warehouse, Waste hierarchy, Waste management, Waste-to-energy, Water, Water vapor, Waterbury, Connecticut, Wooden box, World War II, Zero waste. Expand index (168 more) » « Shrink index
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
Sir Ambrose Crowley III (1658–17 Oct 1713) was a 17th-century English ironmonger.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
An amphora (Greek: ἀμφορεύς, amphoréus; English plural: amphorae or amphoras) is a type of container of a characteristic shape and size, descending from at least as early as the Neolithic Period.
Andrew Yarranton (1619–1684) was an important English engineer in the 17th century who was responsible for making several rivers into navigable waterways.
An antistatic bag is a bag used for storing electronic components, which are prone to damage caused by electrostatic discharge (ESD).
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Asepsis is the state of being free from disease-causing micro-organisms (such as pathogenic bacteria, viruses, pathogenic fungi, and parasites).
ASTM International is an international standards organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.
Authentication (from authentikos, "real, genuine", from αὐθέντης authentes, "author") is the act of confirming the truth of an attribute of a single piece of data claimed true by an entity.
Automation is the technology by which a process or procedure is performed without human assistance.
A bag-in-box or BiB is a type of container for the storage and transportation of liquids.
Bakelite (sometimes spelled Baekelite), or polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride, is the first plastic made from synthetic components.
A barcode (also bar code) is an optical, machine-readable, representation of data; the data usually describes something about the object that carries the barcode.
A bar code reader (or bar code scanner) is an electronic device that can read and output printed barcodes to a computer.
A barrel, cask, or tun is a hollow cylindrical container, traditionally made of wooden staves bound by wooden or metal hoops.
A basket is a container which is traditionally constructed from stiff fibers, which can be made from a range of materials, including wood splints, runners, and cane.
Blister pack is a term for several types of pre-formed plastic packaging used for small consumer goods, foods, and for pharmaceuticals.
Bohemia (Čechy;; Czechy; Bohême; Bohemia; Boemia) is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech Republic.
A bota bag or wineskin is a traditional Spanish liquid receptacle.
A bottle is a narrow-necked container as compared with a jar.
A bottle cap seals the top opening of a bottle.
Box (plural: boxes) describes a variety of containers and receptacles for permanent use as storage, or for temporary use, often for transporting contents.
The Brazilian packaging market is the fifth-largest in the world, having realized US$35 billion (1.5% of GDP) in sales in 2014, with Brazil being the seventh largest economy in the world by nominal GDP.
Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.
The Bristol Channel (Môr Hafren) is a major inlet in the island of Great Britain, separating South Wales from Devon and Somerset in South West England.
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminium, manganese, nickel or zinc) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenic, phosphorus or silicon.
Brooklyn is the most populous borough of New York City, with a census-estimated 2,648,771 residents in 2017.
Bryan Donkin FRS FRAS (22 March 1768 – 27 February 1855) developed the first paper making machine and created the world's first commercial canning factory.
Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.
A can opener (in North American English and Australian English) or tin opener (in British and Commonwealth English) is a device used to open tin cans (metal cans).
A carton is a box or container usually made of paperboard and sometimes of corrugated fiberboard.
A cartoning machine or cartoner, is a packaging machine that forms cartons: erect, close, folded, side seamed and sealed cartons.
CE marking is a certification mark that indicates conformity with health, safety, and environmental protection standards for products sold within the European Economic Area (EEA).
Cellophane is a thin, transparent sheet made of regenerated cellulose.
A checkweigher is an automatic or manual machine for checking the weight of packaged commodities.
A chemical substance, also known as a pure substance, is a form of matter that consists of molecules of the same composition and structure.
Child-resistant packaging or CR packaging is special packaging used to reduce the risk of children ingesting hazardous materials.
Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computer systems to aid in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design.
Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) is the use of software to control machine tools and related ones in the manufacturing of workpieces.
A consultant (from consultare "to deliberate") is a professional who provides expert advice in a particular area such as security (electronic or physical), management, education, accountancy, law, human resources, marketing (and public relations), finance, engineering, science or any of many other specialized fields.
Containerization is a system of intermodal freight transport using intermodal containers (also called shipping containers and ISO containers).
Convenient procedures, products and services are those intended to increase ease in accessibility, save resources (such as time, effort and energy) and decrease frustration.
Converting companies are companies that specialize in combining raw materials such as polyesters, adhesives, silicone, adhesive tapes, foams, plastics, felts, rubbers, liners and metals, as well as other materials, to create new products.
A conveyor belt is the carrying medium of a belt conveyor system (often shortened to belt conveyor).
Corrugated box design is the process of matching design factors for corrugated fiberboard boxes with the functional physical, processing and end-use requirements.
Corrugated fiberboard is a material consisting of a fluted corrugated sheet and one or two flat linerboards.
The counterfeit means to imitate something.
Counterfeit consumer goods are goods, often of inferior quality, made or sold under another's brand name without the brand owner’s authorization.
Country of origin labeling (COOL) (or mCOOL) was a requirement signed into American law under Title X of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (also known as the 2002 Farm Bill), codified at as Notice of country of origin.
A crate is a large shipping container, often made of wood, typically used to transport or store large, heavy items.
Dangerous goods or hazardous goods are solids, liquids, or gases that can harm people, other living organisms, property, or the environment.
A desiccant is a hygroscopic substance that induces or sustains a state of dryness (desiccation) in its vicinity; it is the opposite of a humectant.
A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
Document automation (also known as document assembly) is the design of systems and workflows that assist in the creation of electronic documents.
Drug delivery refers to approaches, formulations, technologies, and systems for transporting a pharmaceutical compound in the body as needed to safely achieve its desired therapeutic effect.
Identification marks and health marks are the oval-shaped markings found on food products of animal origin in the European Community, required by European Union food safety regulations.
Electronic article surveillance is a technological method for preventing shoplifting from retail stores, pilferage of books from libraries or removal of properties from office buildings.
Electronic data interchange (EDI) is the concept of businesses electronically communicating information to that which was traditionally communicated on paper.
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is the sudden flow of electricity between two electrically charged objects caused by contact, an electrical short, or dielectric breakdown.
Energy recovery includes any technique or method of minimizing the input of energy to an overall system by the exchange of energy from one sub-system of the overall system with another.
Engineers, as practitioners of engineering, are people who invent, design, analyze, build, and test machines, systems, structures and materials to fulfill objectives and requirements while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation, safety, and cost.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Environmental policy is the commitment of an organization to the laws, regulations, and other policy mechanisms concerning environmental issues.
The estimated sign, ℮, also referred to as the e-mark (unicode U+212E), is a mark that can be found on some pre-packed goods in Europe.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Ezra J. Warner of Waterbury, Connecticut was an American inventor, who patented his design of a can opener in 1858.
The FCC Declaration of Conformity or the FCC label or the FCC mark is a certification mark employed on electronic products manufactured or sold in the United States which certifies that the electromagnetic interference from the device is under limits approved by the Federal Communications Commission.
A field ration, combat ration or ration pack is a canned or pre-packaged meal, easily prepared and eaten, transported by military troops on the battlefield.
Fillers (or filling machines) are used for packaging, mainly for food/beverage but for other products as well.
The folding carton created the packaging industry as it is known today, beginning in the late 19th century.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.
Food contact materials are materials that are intended to be in contact with food.
Food packaging is packaging for food.
Food preservation prevents the growth of microorganisms (such as yeasts), or other microorganisms (although some methods work by introducing benign bacteria or fungi to the food), as well as slowing the oxidation of fats that cause rancidity.
Food safety is a scientific discipline describing handling, preparation, and storage of food in ways that prevent food-borne illness.
Food science is the applied science devoted to the study of food.
Francis Wolle (Jacobsburg, Pennsylvania, December 17, 1817 – Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 1893) was an American priest of the Moravian Church, inventor and phycologist.
Gift wrapping is the act of enclosing a gift in some sort of material.
Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics.
A granular material is a conglomeration of discrete solid, macroscopic particles characterized by a loss of energy whenever the particles interact (the most common example would be friction when grains collide).
Graphic communication as the name suggests is communication using graphic elements.
Graphic design is the process of visual communication and problem-solving through the use of typography, photography and illustration.
The Green Dot (German: Der Grüne Punkt) is the license symbol of a European network of industry-funded systems for recycling the packaging materials of consumer goods.
Gross national product (GNP) is the market value of all the goods and services produced in one year by labor and property supplied by the citizens of a country.
GS1 is a not-for-profit organisation that develops and maintains global standards for business communication.
GS1-128 is an application standard of the GS1 implementation using the Code 128 barcode specification.
A hammer is a tool or device that delivers a blow (a sudden impact) to an object.
A heat sealer is a machine used to seal products, packaging, and other thermoplastic materials using heat.
Human factors and ergonomics (commonly referred to as Human Factors), is the application of psychological and physiological principles to the (engineering and) design of products, processes, and systems.
At the beginning of World War II, Iceland was a sovereign kingdom in personal union with Denmark, with King Christian X as head of state.
In-mould labelling is the use of paper or plastic labels during the manufacturing of containers by blow molding, injection molding, or thermoforming processes.
Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials.
An independent contractor is a natural person, business, or corporation that provides goods or services to another entity under terms specified in a contract or within a verbal agreement.
An inspection is, most generally, an organized examination or formal evaluation exercise.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
John Hanbury, Esq. (1664–1734) was one of a dynasty of ironmasters responsible for the industrialisation and urbanisation of the eastern valley through which runs the Afon Llwyd (in English "grey river") in Monmouthshire around Pontypool.
Kerbside collection, or curbside collection, is a service provided to households, typically in urban and suburban areas of removing household waste.
A label (as distinct from signage) is a piece of paper, plastic film, cloth, metal, or other material affixed to a container or product, on which is written or printed information or symbols about the product or item.
Label dispensers and label applicators are machines built to simplify the process of removing a label from its liner or backing tape.
A label printer is a computer printer that prints on self-adhesive label material and/or card-stock (tags).
A landfill site (also known as a tip, dump, rubbish dump, garbage dump or dumping ground and historically as a midden) is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial.
A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.
A leachate is any liquid that, in the course of passing through matter, extracts soluble or suspended solids, or any other component of the material through which it has passed.
Life-cycle assessment (LCA, also known as life-cycle analysis, ecobalance, and cradle-to-grave analysis) is a technique to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life from raw material extraction through materials processing, manufacture, distribution, use, repair and maintenance, and disposal or recycling.
A lineshaft roller conveyor or line-shaft conveyor is, as its name suggests, powered by a shaft beneath rollers.
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.
Litter consists of waste products that have been disposed improperly, without consent, at an inappropriate location.
Logistics is generally the detailed organization and implementation of a complex operation.
A lot number is an identification number assigned to a particular quantity or lot of material from a single manufacturer.
In engineering, maintainability is the ease with which a product can be maintained in order to.
Mandatory labelling or labeling (see spelling differences) is the requirement of consumer products to state their ingredients or components.
Marketing is the study and management of exchange relationships.
Marketing communications (MC, marcom(s), marcomm(s)) uses different marketing channels and tools in combination:Tomse, & Snoj, 2014 Marketing communication channels focuses on any way a business communicates a message to its desired market, or the market in general.
Materiel, more commonly matériel in US English and also listed as the only spelling in some UK dictionaries (both pronounced, from French matériel meaning equipment or hardware), refers to military technology and supplies in military and commercial supply chain management.
MaxiCode is a public domain, machine-readable symbol system originally created and used by United Parcel Service.
A medical device is any apparatus, appliance, software, material, or other article—whether used alone or in combination, including the software intended by its manufacturer to be used specifically for diagnostic and/or therapeutic purposes and necessary for its proper application—intended by the manufacturer to be used for human beings for the purpose of.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Michigan State University (MSU) is a public research university in East Lansing, Michigan, United States.
Middlesex (abbreviation: Middx) is an historic county in south-east England.
Modified atmosphere is the practice of modifying the composition of the internal atmosphere of a package (commonly food packages, drugs, etc.) in order to improve the shelf life.
Molded pulp, also named moulded pulp or molded fibre, is a packaging material, typically made from recycled paperboard and/or newsprint.
A monopoly (from Greek μόνος mónos and πωλεῖν pōleîn) exists when a specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodity.
A multihead weigher is a fast, accurate and reliable weighing machine, used in packing both food and non-food products.
In business and engineering, new product development (NPD) covers the complete process of bringing a new product to market.
Newport (Casnewydd) is a cathedral and university city and unitary authority area in south east Wales.
Nicolas Appert (17 November 1749 Châlons-sur-Marne (present Châlons-en-Champagne), present Marne – 1 June 1841 Massy) was the French inventor of airtight food preservation.
In business, outsourcing is an agreement in which one company contracts its own internal activity to a different company.
Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are medicines sold directly to a consumer without a prescription from a healthcare professional, as opposed to prescription drugs, which may be sold only to consumers possessing a valid prescription.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Oxygen scavengers or oxygen absorbers are added to enclosed packaging to help remove or decrease the level of oxygen in the package.
Pilferage is the theft of part of the contents of a package.
Package testing or packaging testing involves the measurement of a characteristic or property involved with packaging.
Packaging engineering, also package engineering, packaging technology and packaging science, is a broad topic ranging from design conceptualization to product placement.
Packing problems are a class of optimization problems in mathematics that involve attempting to pack objects together into containers.
A pallet, sometimes inaccurately called a skid (a skid has no bottom deck boards), is a flat transport structure that supports goods in a stable fashion while being lifted by a forklift, pallet jack, front loader, work saver, or other jacking device, or a crane.
Paperboard is a thick paper-based material.
A perforation is a small hole in a thin material or web.
In physics and engineering, permeation (also called imbuing) is the penetration of a permeate (such as a liquid, gas, or vapor) through a solid.
The Persians--> are an Iranian ethnic group that make up over half the population of Iran.
Peter Durand was a British merchant who is widely credited with receiving the first patent for the idea of preserving food using tin cans.
Philip Foley (12 May 1648 – December 1716) was the youngest of the three surviving sons of the British ironmaster Thomas Foley.
Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.
A point-of-sale display (POS display) is a specialized form of sales promotion that is found near, on, or next to a checkout counter (the "point of sale").
Polypropylene raffia, or PP raffia is a packaging material made from weaving ribbons of polypropylene.
Pontypool (Pont-y-pŵl) is a town that is home to approximately 36,000 people in the county borough of Torfaen, within the historic boundaries of Monmouthshire in South Wales.
A powder is a dry, bulk solid composed of a large number of very fine particles that may flow freely when shaken or tilted.
In color printing, registration is the method of correlating overlapping colors on one single image.
A programmable logic controller (PLC), or programmable controller is an industrial digital computer which has been ruggedized and adapted for the control of manufacturing processes, such as assembly lines, or robotic devices, or any activity that requires high reliability control and ease of programming and process fault diagnosis.
Project management is the practice of initiating, planning, executing, controlling, and closing the work of a team to achieve specific goals and meet specific success criteria at the specified time.
Project planning is part of project management, which relates to the use of schedules such as Gantt charts to plan and subsequently report progress within the project environment.
Proof of purchase is often required for sales promotions and manufacturer rebates as evidence that the customer purchased the product.
QR code (abbreviated from Quick Response Code) is the trademark for a type of matrix barcode (or two-dimensional barcode) first designed in 1994 for the automotive industry in Japan.
Quality assurance (QA) is a way of preventing mistakes and defects in manufactured products and avoiding problems when delivering solutions or services to customers; which ISO 9000 defines as "part of quality management focused on providing confidence that quality requirements will be fulfilled".
Quality control, or QC for short, is a process by which entities review the quality of all factors involved in production.
Quality management ensures that an organization, product or service is consistent.
Radio-frequency identification (RFID) uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track tags attached to objects.
Rapid prototyping is a group of techniques used to quickly fabricate a scale model of a physical part or assembly using three-dimensional computer aided design (CAD) data.
Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new materials and objects.
Recycling codes are used to identify the material from which an item is made, to facilitate easier recycling or other reprocessing.
The universal recycling symbol (or in Unicode) is internationally recognized.
Refuse-derived fuel (RDF) is a fuel produced from various types of wastes such as municipal solid wastes (MSW), industrial wastes or commercial wastes.
Reliability engineering is a sub-discipline of systems engineering that emphasizes dependability in the lifecycle management of a product.
Resealable packaging is any type of packaging that allows the consumer or user to reseal or reclose the packaging.
The ASTM International Resin Identification Coding System, often abbreviated as the RIC, is a set of symbols appearing on plastic products that identify the plastic resin out of which the product is made.
Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn a profit.
Retail loss prevention is a set of practices employed by retail companies to preserve profit.
Return on investment (ROI) is the ratio between the net profit and cost of investment resulting from an investment of some resource.
Reusable packaging is manufactured of durable materials and is specifically designed for multiple trips and extended life.
Robert Gair invented the folding carton in 1890.
Robotics is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering and science that includes mechanical engineering, electronics engineering, computer science, and others.
Roll slitting is a shearing operation that cuts a large roll of material into narrower rolls.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
Sam's West, Inc. (doing business as Sam's Club and stylized as Sam's CLUB) is an American chain of membership-only retail warehouse clubs owned and operated by Walmart Inc., founded in 1983 and named after Walmart founder Sam Walton.
Security is freedom from, or resilience against, potential harm (or other unwanted coercive change) from external forces.
Security printing is the field of the printing industry that deals with the printing of items such as banknotes, cheques, passports, tamper-evident labels, security tapes, product authentication, stock certificates, postage stamps and identity cards.
A serial code is a unique identifier assigned incrementally or sequentially to an item.
Shelf life is the length of time that a commodity may be stored without becoming unfit for use, consumption, or sale.
A shipping container is a container with strength suitable to withstand shipment, storage, and handling.
A mechanical or physical shock is a sudden acceleration caused, for example, by impact, drop, kick, earthquake, or explosion.
A shrink tunnel or heat tunnel is a heated tunnel mounted over or around a conveyor system.
Shrink wrap, also shrink film, is a material made up of polymer plastic film.
Skin pack, or skin packaging, is a type of carded packaging where a product (or products) is placed on a piece of paperboard, and a thin sheet of transparent plastic is placed over the product and paperboard.
A standards organization, standards body, standards developing organization (SDO), or standards setting organization (SSO) is an organization whose primary activities are developing, coordinating, promulgating, revising, amending, reissuing, interpreting, or otherwise producing technical standards that are intended to address the needs of a group of affected adopters.
Straw is an agricultural by-product, the dry stalks of cereal plants, after the grain and chaff have been removed.
Stretch wrap or stretch film is a highly stretchable plastic film that is wrapped around items.
Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.
Sustainable packaging is the development and use of packaging which results in improved sustainability.
Tamper resistance is resistance to tampering (intentional malfunction or sabotage) by either the normal users of a product, package, or system or others with physical access to it.
Tamper-evident describes a device or process that makes unauthorized access to the protected object easily detected.
TÜVs (short for Technischer Überwachungsverein, Technical Inspection Association) are German businesses that provide inspection and product certification services.
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
Tinning is the process of thinly coating sheets of wrought iron or steel with tin, and the resulting product is known as tinplate.
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.
Toxicology is a discipline, overlapping with biology, chemistry, pharmacology, and medicine, that involves the study of the adverse effects of chemical substances on living organisms and the practice of diagnosing and treating exposures to toxins and toxicants.
In distribution and logistics of many types of products, track and trace or tracking and tracing, concerns a process of determining the current and past locations (and other information) of a unique item or property.
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another.
A unit load combines individual items or items in shipping containers into single "units" that can be moved easily with a pallet jack or forklift truck.
A United States defense standard, often called a military standard, "MIL-STD", "MIL-SPEC", or (informally) "MilSpecs", is used to help achieve standardization objectives by the U.S. Department of Defense.
The Universal Product Code (UPC) is a barcode symbology that is widely used in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, in Europe and other countries for tracking trade items in stores.
A vase is an open container.
Verification and validation are independent procedures that are used together for checking that a product, service, or system meets requirements and specifications and that it fulfills its intended purpose.
A vertical form fill sealing machine is a type of automated assembly-line product packaging system, commonly used in the packaging industry for food, and a wide variety of other products.
Vibration is a mechanical phenomenon whereby oscillations occur about an equilibrium point.
Walmart Inc. (formerly branded as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.) is an American multinational retail corporation that operates a chain of hypermarkets, discount department stores, and grocery stores.
A warehouse is a commercial building for storage of goods.
Waste hierarchy is a tool used in the evaluation of processes that protect the environment alongside resource and energy consumption to most favourable to least favourable actions.
Waste management or waste disposal are all the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal.
Waste-to-energy (WtE) or energy-from-waste (EfW) is the process of generating energy in the form of electricity and/or heat from the primary treatment of waste, or the processing of waste into a fuel source.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Waterbury (nicknamed "The Brass City") is a city in the U.S. state of Connecticut on the Naugatuck River, 33 miles southwest of Hartford and 77 miles northeast of New York City.
A wooden box is a container made of wood for storage or as a shipping container.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Zero Waste is a philosophy that encourages the redesign of resource life cycles so that all products are reused.
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