157 relations: Acrylic paint, Acrylic resin, Acryloyl group, Adhesion, Adhesive, Aerosol, Aerosol paint, Alcohol, Aliphatic compound, Alkyd, Anti-climb paint, Anti-fouling paint, Anti-graffiti coating, Antifreeze, Ardea, Lazio, Aromaticity, ASTM International, Aureobasidium pullulans, Bacteria, Barium sulfate, Baryte, Binder (material), Bresle method, Brush, Calcination, Calcium carbonate, Calligraphy, Casein, Catalysis, Cave painting, Charcoal, Chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy, Clay, Coating, Cobalt(II) naphthenate, Computer graphics, Dendera, Diatomaceous earth, Diluent, Diol, Distressing, Drawdown card, Drying oil, Dye, Egg as food, Egg white, Egypt, Emulsion, Emulsion polymerization, Enamel paint, ..., Encaustic painting, England, Environmental impact of paint, Epoxy, Ester, Faux painting, Fingerpaint, Formulation, Fresco, Glaze (painting technique), Gouache, Graffiti, Gum arabic, Ham House, Hematite, Homo sapiens, Hull (watercraft), Hydrolysis, Industrial Revolution, Ink, Insulative paint, Interior radiation control coating, International Organization for Standardization, Iron oxide, Iron(III) oxide, Ketone, Lacquer, Lapis lazuli, Latex, Lead, Lead paint, Lead(II,IV) oxide, Lime (material), Linseed oil, Liquid, Liquid crystal, Luminous paint, Manganese oxide, Melamine resin, Mica, Microparticle, Microsoft Paint, Middle Ages, Milk, Milk paint, Molecule, NACE International, Nap (textile), Nissan, Nitrocellulose, Ochre, Oil drying agent, Oil paint, Paint adhesion testing, Paint recycling, Paint roller, Paint sheen, Paint stripper, Palette knife, Paramagnetism, Phthalocyanine Blue BN, Pigment, Pliny the Elder, Polyester, Polymer degradation, Polyurethane, Polyvinyl acetate, Poster paint, Powder coating, Primer (paint), Renaissance, Resin, Road surface marking, Rome, Roof coating, Shellac, Sherwin-Williams, Silicon dioxide, Solid, Solvent, Soy paint, Spray painting, Stain-blocking primer, Sunlight, Surface tension, Surfactants in paint, Surrey, Talc, Tempera, The New York Times, Titanium dioxide, Tver, Ultraviolet, United States, UV coating, UV curing, UV degradation, Varnish, Viscosity, Volatile organic compound, Watercolor painting, Wax, White spirit, Wood stain, World War II, Yolk, 2-Butoxyethanol. Expand index (107 more) » « Shrink index
Acrylic paint is a fast-drying paint made of pigment suspended in acrylic polymer emulsion.
Acrylic resins are a group of related thermoplastic or thermosetting plastic substances derived from acrylic acid, methacrylic acid or other related compounds.
In organic chemistry, the acryloyl group is form of enone with structure H2C.
Adhesion is the tendency of dissimilar particles or surfaces to cling to one another (cohesion refers to the tendency of similar or identical particles/surfaces to cling to one another).
An adhesive, also known as glue, cement, mucilage, or paste, is any substance applied to one surface, or both surfaces, of two separate items that binds them together and resists their separation.
An aerosol is a suspension of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.
Aerosol paint (also called spray paint) is a type of paint that comes in a sealed pressurized container and is released in an aerosol spray when depressing a valve button.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
In organic chemistry, hydrocarbons (compounds composed of carbon and hydrogen) are divided into two classes: aromatic compounds and aliphatic compounds (G. aleiphar, fat, oil) also known as non-aromatic compounds.
An alkyd is a polyester modified by the addition of fatty acids and other components.
Anti-climb paint (also known as non-drying paint, anti-intruder paint, anti-vandal grease) is a class of paint consisting of a thick oily coating that is applied with a stiff brush, trowel or by hand using a protective glove.
Anti-fouling paint - a category of commercially available highly toxic underwater hull paints (also known as bottom paints) - is a specialized category of coatings applied as the outer (outboard) layer to the hull of a ship or boat, to slow the growth and/or facilitate detachment of subaquatic organisms that attach to the hull and can affect a vessel's performance and durability (see also biofouling).
An anti-graffiti coating is a coating that prevents graffiti paint from bonding to surfaces.
An antifreeze is an additive which lowers the freezing point of a water-based liquid and increases its boiling point.
Ardea (IPA: or) is an ancient town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Rome, south of Rome and about from today's Mediterranean coast.
In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.
ASTM International is an international standards organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.
Aureobasidium pullulans is a ubiquitous black, yeast-like fungus that can be found in different environments (e.g. soil, water, air and limestone).
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Barium sulfate (or sulphate) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula BaSO4.
Baryte or barite (BaSO4) is a mineral consisting of barium sulfate.
A binder or binding agent is any material or substance that holds or draws other materials together to form a cohesive whole mechanically, chemically, by adhesion or cohesion.
The Bresle method is used to determine concentration of soluble salts on metal surfaces prior to coating application, such as painting.
A brush is a common tool with bristles, wire or other filaments.
The IUPAC defines calcination as "heating to high temperatures in air or oxygen".
Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3.
Calligraphy (from Greek: καλλιγραφία) is a visual art related to writing.
Casein ("kay-seen", from Latin caseus, "cheese") is a family of related phosphoproteins (αS1, αS2, β, κ).
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
Cave paintings, also known as parietal art, are painted drawings on cave walls or ceilings, mainly of prehistoric origin, beginning roughly 40,000 years ago (around 38,000 BCE) in Eurasia.
Charcoal is the lightweight black carbon and ash residue hydrocarbon produced by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances.
Chronic solvent induced encephalopathy (CSE) is a condition induced by long-term exposure to organic solvents, often but not always in the workplace, that lead to a wide variety of persisting sensorimotor polyneuropathies and neurobehavioral deficits even after solvent exposure has been removed.
Clay is a finely-grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with possible traces of quartz (SiO2), metal oxides (Al2O3, MgO etc.) and organic matter.
A coating is a covering that is applied to the surface of an object, usually referred to as the substrate.
Cobalt(II) naphthenate is a mixture of cobalt(II) derivatives of naphthenic acids.
Computer graphics are pictures and films created using computers.
Dendera (دندرة Dandarah; ⲛⲓⲧⲉⲛⲧⲱⲣⲓ), also spelled Denderah, ancient Iunet, Tentyris or Tentyra is a small town and former bishopric in Egypt situated on the west bank of the Nile, about south of Qena, on the opposite side of the river.
Diatomaceous earth – also known as D.E., diatomite, or kieselgur/kieselguhr – is a naturally occurring, soft, siliceous sedimentary rock that is easily crumbled into a fine white to off-white powder.
A diluent (also referred to as a filler, dilutant or thinner) is a diluting agent.
A diol or glycol is a chemical compound containing two hydroxyl groups (−OH groups).
Distressing (or weathered look) in the decorative arts is the activity of making a piece of furniture or object appear aged and older, giving it a "weathered look", and there are many methods to produce an appearance of age and wear.
Drawdown cards are used for testing paints and coatings through wet film preparation.
A drying oil is an oil that hardens to a tough, solid film after a period of exposure to air.
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.
Eggs are laid by female animals of many different species, including birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, and fish, and have been eaten by humans for thousands of years.
Egg white is the clear liquid (also called the albumen or the glair/glaire) contained within an egg.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable).
Emulsion polymerization is a type of radical polymerization that usually starts with an emulsion incorporating water, monomer, and surfactant.
Enamel paint is paint that air dries to a hard, usually glossy, finish, used for coating surfaces that are outdoors or otherwise subject to hard wear or variations in temperature; it should not be confused with decorated objects in "painted enamel", where vitreous enamel is applied with brushes and fired in a kiln.
Encaustic painting, also known as hot wax painting, involves using heated beeswax to which colored pigments are added.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
The environmental impact of paint is diverse.
Epoxy is either any of the basic components or the cured end products of epoxy resins, as well as a colloquial name for the epoxide functional group.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Faux painting or faux finishing are terms used to describe decorative paint finishes that replicate the appearance of materials such as marble, wood or stone.
Fingerpaint is a kind of paint intended to be applied with the fingers; it typically comes in pots and is used by small children, though it has occasionally been used by adults either to teach art to children, or for their own use.
Formulation is a term used in various senses in various applications, both the material and the abstract or formal.
Fresco (plural frescos or frescoes) is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid, or wet lime plaster.
A glaze is a thin transparent or semi-transparent layer on a painting which modifies the appearance of the underlying paint layer.
Gouache, body color, opaque watercolor, or gouache, is one type of watermedia, paint consisting of Natural pigment, water, a binding agent (usually gum arabic or dextrin), and sometimes additional inert material.
Graffiti (plural of graffito: "a graffito", but "these graffiti") are writing or drawings that have been scribbled, scratched, or painted, typically illicitly, on a wall or other surface, often within public view.
Gum arabic, also known as acacia gum, arabic gum, gum acacia, acacia, Senegal gum and Indian gum, and by other names, is a natural gum consisting of the hardened sap of various species of the acacia tree.
Ham House is a historic house with formal gardens set back 200 metres from the River Thames in Ham, south of Richmond in London.
Hematite, also spelled as haematite, is the mineral form of iron(III) oxide (Fe2O3), one of several iron oxides.
Homo sapiens is the systematic name used in taxonomy (also known as binomial nomenclature) for the only extant human species.
The hull is the watertight body of a ship or boat.
Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Ink is a liquid or paste that contains pigments or dyes and is used to color a surface to produce an image, text, or design.
Insulative paints, or insulating paints, claim to use a technology where a broad spectrum thermally reflective coating is applied to a specific type of micro-spheres to block heat radiation in a much larger or broader range of thermal energy (heat) to dissipate heat rapidly.
Interior Radiation Control Coating Systems (IRCCS), sometimes referred to as radiant barrier coatings, are paints designed to provide thermal insulation to buildings.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
Iron oxides are chemical compounds composed of iron and oxygen.
Iron(III) oxide or ferric oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Fe2O3.
In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.
The term lacquer is used for a number of hard and potentially shiny finishes applied to materials such as wood.
Lapis lazuli, or lapis for short, is a deep blue metamorphic rock used as a semi-precious stone that has been prized since antiquity for its intense color.
Latex is a stable dispersion (emulsion) of polymer microparticles in an aqueous medium.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
Lead paint or lead-based paint is paint containing lead.
Lead(II,IV) oxide, also called minium, red lead or triplumbic tetroxide, is a bright red or orange crystalline or amorphous pigment.
Lime is a calcium-containing inorganic mineral in which oxides, and hydroxides predominate.
Linseed oil, also known as flaxseed oil or flax oil, is a colourless to yellowish oil obtained from the dried, ripened seeds of the flax plant (Linum usitatissimum).
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.
Liquid crystals (LCs) are matter in a state which has properties between those of conventional liquids and those of solid crystals.
Luminous paint or luminescent paint is paint that exhibits luminescence.
Manganese oxide is any of a variety of manganese oxides and hydroxides.
Melamine resin or melamine formaldehyde (also shortened to melamine) is a hard, thermosetting plastic material made from melamine and formaldehyde by polymerization.
The mica group of sheet silicate (phyllosilicate) minerals includes several closely related materials having nearly perfect basal cleavage.
Microparticles are particles between 0.1 and 100 \mum in size.
Paint (formerly Paintbrush), commonly known as Microsoft Paint or MS Paint, was a simple raster graphics editor that has been included with all versions of Microsoft Windows.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
Milk paint is a nontoxic water-based paint.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
NACE International is a not-for-profit professional organization for the corrosion control industry whose mission is to " society to protect people, assets and the environment from the adverse effects of corrosion." NACE was established in 1943 as the National Association of Corrosion Engineers.
Primarily, nap is the raised (fuzzy) surface on certain kinds of cloth, such as velvet or moleskin.
, usually shortened to Nissan (or; Japanese), is a Japanese multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Nishi-ku, Yokohama.
Nitrocellulose (also known as cellulose nitrate, flash paper, flash cotton, guncotton, and flash string) is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or another powerful nitrating agent.
Ochre (British English) (from Greek: ὤχρα, from ὠχρός, ōkhrós, pale) or ocher (American English) is a natural clay earth pigment which is a mixture of ferric oxide and varying amounts of clay and sand.
An oil drying agent, also known as siccative, is a coordination compound that accelerates (catalyzes) the hardening of drying oils, often as they are used in oil-based paints.
Oil paint is a type of slow-drying paint that consists of particles of pigment suspended in a drying oil, commonly linseed oil.
In the paint and coating industries, paint adhesion testing is often used to determine if the paint or coating will adhere properly to the substrates to which they are applied.
Paint is a recyclable item.
A paint roller is a paint application tool used for painting large flat surfaces rapidly and efficiently.
In paint technology, the sheen is the glossiness of a paint finish.
Paint stripper, or paint remover, is a product designed to remove paint and other finishes and also to clean the underlying surface.
A palette knife is a blunt tool used for mixing or applying paint, with a flexible steel blade.
Paramagnetism is a form of magnetism whereby certain materials are weakly attracted by an externally applied magnetic field, and form internal, induced magnetic fields in the direction of the applied magnetic field.
Phthalocyanine Blue BN, also called by many names (EINECS 205-685-1), is a bright, crystalline, synthetic blue pigment from the group of phthalocyanine dyes.
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
Pliny the Elder (born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79) was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.
Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.
Polymer degradation is a change in the properties—tensile strength, color, shape, etc.—of a polymer or polymer-based product under the influence of one or more environmental factors such as heat, light or chemicals such as acids, alkalis and some salts.
Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links.
Poly(vinyl acetate) (PVA, PVAc, poly(ethenyl ethanoate): commonly referred to as wood glue, white glue, carpenter's glue, school glue, Elmer's glue in the US, or PVA glue) is an aliphatic rubbery synthetic polymer with the formula (C4H6O2)n.
Poster paint is a distemper paint that usually uses a type of gum-water or glue size as its binder.
Powder coating is a type of coating that is applied as a free-flowing, dry powder.
A primer or undercoat is a preparatory coating put on materials before painting.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance" of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers.
Road surface marking is any kind of device or material that is used on a road surface in order to convey official information; they are commonly placed with road marking machines (or road marking equipment, pavement marking equipment).
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
A roof coating is a monolithic, fully adhered, fluid applied roofing membrane.
Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand.
The Sherwin-Williams Company is an American Fortune 500 company in the general building materials industry.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being liquid, gas, and plasma).
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
Soy paint is paint made primarily from soy, it combines the advantage of being a renewable resource with the potential of non-toxic product.
Spray painting is a painting technique where a device sprays a coating (paint, ink, varnish, etc.) through the air onto a surface.
Stain-blocking primers are used to cover stains such as watermarks, nicotine (actually tar), markers, smoke, and prevent them bleeding through newly applied layers of paint.
Sunlight is a portion of the electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun, in particular infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light.
Surface tension is the elastic tendency of a fluid surface which makes it acquire the least surface area possible.
Paint has four major components: pigments, binders, solvents, and additives.
Surrey is a county in South East England, and one of the home counties.
Talc or talcum is a clay mineral composed of hydrated magnesium silicate with the chemical formula H2Mg3(SiO3)4 or Mg3Si4O10(OH)2.
Tempera, also known as egg tempera, is a permanent, fast-drying painting medium consisting of colored pigments mixed with a water-soluble binder medium (usually glutinous material such as egg yolk or some other size).
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Titanium dioxide, also known as titanium(IV) oxide or titania, is the naturally occurring oxide of titanium, chemical formula.
Tver (p; IPA: tvʲerʲi) is a city and the administrative center of Tver Oblast, Russia.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
A UV coating is a surface treatment which either is cured by ultraviolet radiation, or which protects the underlying material from such radiation's harmful effects.
UV curing is a process in which ultraviolet light and visible light is used to initiate a photochemical reaction that generates a crosslinked network of polymers.
Many natural and synthetic polymers are attacked by ultraviolet radiation, and products using these materials may crack or disintegrate if they are not UV-stable.
Varnish is a transparent, hard, protective finish or film that is primarily used in wood finishing but also for other materials.
The viscosity of a fluid is the measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress.
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature.
Watercolor (American English) or watercolour (British English; see spelling differences), also aquarelle (French, diminutive of Latin aqua "water"), is a painting method in which the paints are made of pigments suspended in a water-based solution.
Waxes are a diverse class of organic compounds that are lipophilic, malleable solids near ambient temperatures.
White spirit (UK)Primarily in the United Kingdom.
A wood stain consists of colourants dissolved and/or suspended in a 'vehicle' or solvent.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Among animals which produce one, the yolk (also known as the vitellus) is the nutrient-bearing portion of the egg whose primary function is to supply food for the development of the embryo.
2-Butoxyethanol is an organic compound with the chemical formula BuOC2H4OH (Bu.