374 relations: Abstract art, Abstract expressionism, Abstract Imagists, Abstraction, Acrylic paint, Acrylic resin, Action painting, Adobe Photoshop, Aerosol, Aerosol paint, Aesthetics, African buffalo, Airbrush, Allegory, American Figurative Expressionism, Ancient Greece, André Breton, Animacy, Anselm Kiefer, Appropriation (art), Aristotle, Arnhem Land, Art, Art critic, Art movement, Arte Povera, Artist, Artist's book, Artivism, ASCII art, Édouard Manet, Bad Painting, Baroque, Bauhaus, Bay Area Figurative Movement, Beauty, Beeswax, Bengal School of Art, Bible, Binder (material), BioArt, Bird-and-flower painting, Blue, Bodegón, Body art, Brush, Buon fresco, Canvas, Caspar David Friedrich, Cave painting, ..., C♯ (musical note), Cement, Chalk, Chauvet Cave, Chinese art, Chinese painting, Cityscape, Classical Realism, Cobalt blue, Cobweb painting, Collage, Color, Color Field, Color theory, Composition (visual arts), Computer, Computer art, Computer graphics, Concept, Conceptual art, Contemporary art, Copper, Corel Painter, Craft, Cubism, Cultural movement, Cultural pluralism, Culture jamming, Cyberarts, Cynical realism, Dada, Dammar gum, Death (personification), Demoscene, Design, Digital art, Digital painting, Drawing, Drying oil, Dye, Dynamics (music), Early Netherlandish painting, Edgar Degas, Egg as food, Electronic art, Emakimono, Emotion, Emulsion, En plein air, Encaustic painting, Erwin Panofsky, Ethiopia, Expressionism, F (musical note), Fauvism, Feminist art, Figuration Libre, Figurative art, Figure painting, Film, Fingerpaint, Fixative (drawing), Flanders, Fluorescence, Fluxus, France, Frankincense, Fresco, Fresco-secco, Funk art, Futurism, Genre, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Gerald Graff, Gesture, Gouache, Graffiti, Grand Tour, Graphic arts, Graphic designer, Happening, Harcourt (publisher), Hard-edge painting, History of art, History of Asian art, History of painting, Hong Kong, House painter and decorator, Hyperrealism (visual arts), Icon, Iconography, Illustration, Immanuel Kant, Impressionism, Index of painting-related articles, Indigenouism, Indigo, Industrial robot, Information art, Ink, Ink wash painting, Installation art, Institutional Critique, Internet art, Intonaco, Isaac Newton, Italian language, J. M. W. Turner, Japanese painting, Jean Dubuffet, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, John Barth, Kanō school, Kangra painting, Kerala mural painting, Kimberley (Western Australia), Kinetic art, Korea, Korean painting, Lacquer, Land art, Landscape painting, Language, Leaf, Leather, Leonardo da Vinci, Lightness, Limoges enamel, Linda Nochlin, Linseed oil, Lisa del Giocondo, List of most expensive paintings, Literature, Logo, Low Countries, Lowbrow (art movement), Lubricant, Lyrical abstraction, Madhubani/Mithila Painting, Mail art, Mammoth, Massurrealism, Maurice Denis, Maximalism, Ming dynasty painting, Minimalism, Miscibility, Mode (literature), Modern art, Modernism, Molecule, Mona Lisa, Mughal painting, Mural, Music, Mysore painting, Mythology, Napoleon III, Narrative, Narrative art, Nature, Neo-conceptual art, Neo-Dada, Neo-expressionism, Neo-pop, Netherlands, New European Painting, New media art, New York Figurative Expressionism, New York School (art), Non sequitur (literary device), Nouveau réalisme, Nude (art), Ochre, Oil, Oil paint, Oil painting, Op art, Ottoman miniature, Outline of painting, Outsider art, Paint, Panorama, Paper, Papyrus, Paris, Pastel, Pattachitra, Pattern and Decoration, Paul Bril, Paul Klee, PC game, Pen, Performance art, Persian miniature, Personality type, Peter Paul Rubens, Philosophy, Photograph, Photography, Photorealism, Phthalocyanine Blue BN, Pigment, Pitch (music), Plaster, Plato, Poetry, Politics, Pop art, Portrait, Portrait miniature, Portrait painting, Portugal, Post-Impressionism, Poster, Poster paint, Postminimalism, Postmodern art, Pottery, Primary color, Primer (paint), Process art, Prussian blue, Pseudorealism, Psychiatric hospital, Quill, Rajput painting, Realism (arts), Red, Relational art, Religious art, Renaissance, Resin, Rhetoric, Rhinoceros, Rhythm, Rinpa school, Roman sculpture, Rudolf Arnheim, Salon (Paris), Salon des Refusés, Salt cellar, Samikshavad, Sand, Shan shui, Shijō school, Sistine Chapel ceiling, Sizing, Social theory, Software, Software art, Solubility, Solution, Solvent, Sound art, Southern Europe, Southern School, Spanish art, Spray painting, Stencil, Still life, Straw, Street art, Stuckism, Style (visual arts), Sublime (philosophy), Superflat, Superstroke, Surfactant, Surrealism, Suspended solids, Symbol, Symbolism (arts), Tang dynasty painting, Techne, Tempera, Temperament, Textile, Texture (painting), Thanjavur painting, The Literature of Exhaustion, Timbre, Tingatinga (painting), Transgressive art, TriQuarterly, Trompe-l'œil, Truth, Turpentine, Ultramarine, Valve, Vanitas, Veduta, Vellum, Video art, Video game art, Video installation, Virtual art, Virtual reality, Viscosity, Visible spectrum, Visual arts, Visual language, Vitreous enamel, VJing, Wall, Warli painting, Washington Color School, Wassily Kandinsky, Water miscible oil paint, Watercolor painting, Wax, Weather, Western culture, Western painting, Wood, Work of art, World War I, World War II, Writing, Wu School, Yamato-e, Young British Artists, Zhe school (painting), 20th-century Western painting. 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Abstract art uses a visual language of shape, form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the world.
Abstract expressionism is a post–World War II art movement in American painting, developed in New York in the 1940s.
Abstract Imagists is a term derived from a 1961 exhibition in the Guggenheim Museum, New York called American Abstract Expressionists and Imagists. This exhibition was the first in the series of programs for the investigation of tendencies in American and European painting and sculpture.
Abstraction in its main sense is a conceptual process where general rules and concepts are derived from the usage and classification of specific examples, literal ("real" or "concrete") signifiers, first principles, or other methods.
Acrylic paint is a fast-drying paint made of pigment suspended in acrylic polymer emulsion.
Acrylic resins are a group of related thermoplastic or thermosetting plastic substances derived from acrylic acid, methacrylic acid or other related compounds.
Action painting, sometimes called "gestural abstraction", is a style of painting in which paint is spontaneously dribbled, splashed or smeared onto the canvas, rather than being carefully applied.
Adobe Photoshop is a raster graphics editor developed and published by Adobe Systems for macOS and Windows.
An aerosol is a suspension of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.
Aerosol paint (also called spray paint) is a type of paint that comes in a sealed pressurized container and is released in an aerosol spray when depressing a valve button.
Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.
The African buffalo or Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is a large African bovine.
An airbrush is a small, air-operated tool that sprays various media, most often paint but also ink and dye, and foundation by a process of nebulization.
As a literary device, an allegory is a metaphor in which a character, place or event is used to deliver a broader message about real-world issues and occurrences.
According to Marilyn Stokstad, the art historian.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
André Breton (18 February 1896 – 28 September 1966) was a French writer, poet, and anti-fascist.
Animacy is a grammatical and semantic principle expressed in language based on how sentient or alive the referent of a noun is.
Anselm Kiefer (born 8 March 1945) is a German painter and sculptor.
Appropriation in art is the use of pre-existing objects or images with little or no transformation applied to them.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Arnhem Land is one of the five regions of the Northern Territory of Australia.
Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks), expressing the author's imaginative, conceptual idea, or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.
An art critic is a person who is specialized in analyzing, interpreting and evaluating art.
An art movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a restricted period of time, (usually a few months, years or decades) or, at least, with the heyday of the movement defined within a number of years.
Arte Povera (literally poor art) is a contemporary art movement.
An artist is a person engaged in an activity related to creating art, practicing the arts, or demonstrating an art.
Artists' books (or book arts) are works of art that utilize the form of the book.
Artivism is a portmanteau word combining art and activism.
ASCII art is a graphic design technique that uses computers for presentation and consists of pictures pieced together from the 95 printable (from a total of 128) characters defined by the ASCII Standard from 1963 and ASCII compliant character sets with proprietary extended characters (beyond the 128 characters of standard 7-bit ASCII).
Édouard Manet (23 January 1832 – 30 April 1883) was a French painter.
"Bad" Painting is the name given to a trend in American figurative painting in the 1970s by critic and curator, Marcia Tucker (1940–2006).
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Staatliches Bauhaus, commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was a German art school operational from 1919 to 1933 that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught.
The Bay Area Figurative Movement (also known as the Bay Area Figurative School, Bay Area Figurative Art, Bay Area Figuration, and similar variations) was a mid-20th Century art movement made up of a group of artists in the San Francisco Bay Area who abandoned working in the prevailing style of Abstract Expressionism in favor of a return to figuration in painting during the 1950s and onward into the 1960s.
Beauty is a characteristic of an animal, idea, object, person or place that provides a perceptual experience of pleasure or satisfaction.
Beeswax (cera alba) is a natural wax produced by honey bees of the genus Apis.
The Bengal School of Art commonly referred as Bengal School, was an art movement and a style of Indian painting that originated in Bengal, primarily Kolkata and Shantiniketan, and flourished throughout India during the British Raj in the early 20th century.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
A binder or binding agent is any material or substance that holds or draws other materials together to form a cohesive whole mechanically, chemically, by adhesion or cohesion.
BioArt is an art practice where humans work with live tissues, bacteria, living organisms, and life processes.
Bird-and-flower painting (in chinese 花鸟画) is a kind of Chinese painting named after its subject matter.
Blue is one of the three primary colours of pigments in painting and traditional colour theory, as well as in the RGB colour model.
The term bodega in Spanish can mean "pantry", "tavern", or "wine cellar".
Body art is art made on, with, or consisting of, the human body.
A brush is a common tool with bristles, wire or other filaments.
Buon Fresco Affresco, Italian for true fresco, is a fresco painting technique in which alkaline-resistant pigments, ground in water, are applied to wet plaster.
Canvas is an extremely durable plain-woven fabric used for making sails, tents, marquees, backpacks, and other items for which sturdiness is required.
Caspar David Friedrich (5 September 1774 – 7 May 1840) was a 19th-century German Romantic landscape painter, generally considered the most important German artist of his generation.
Cave paintings, also known as parietal art, are painted drawings on cave walls or ceilings, mainly of prehistoric origin, beginning roughly 40,000 years ago (around 38,000 BCE) in Eurasia.
C (C-sharp) is a musical note lying a chromatic semitone above C and a diatonic semitone below D. C-sharp is thus enharmonic to flat.
A cement is a binder, a substance used for construction that sets, hardens and adheres to other materials, binding them together.
Chalk is a soft, white, porous, sedimentary carbonate rock, a form of limestone composed of the mineral calcite.
The Chauvet-Pont-d'Arc Cave in the Ardèche department of southern France is a cave that contains some of the best-preserved figurative cave paintings in the world, as well as other evidence of Upper Paleolithic life.
Chinese art is visual art that, whether ancient or modern, originated in or is practiced in China or by Chinese artists.
Chinese painting is one of the oldest continuous artistic traditions in the world.
In the visual arts a cityscape (urban landscape) is an artistic representation, such as a painting, drawing, print or photograph, of the physical aspects of a city or urban area.
Classical Realism refers to an artistic movement in late-20th and early 21st century in which drawing and painting place a high value upon skill and beauty, combining elements of 19th-century neoclassicism and realism.
Cobalt blue is a blue pigment made by sintering cobalt(II) oxide with alumina at 1200 °C.
Cobweb painting, sometimes known as gossamer painting relates to paintings that are created on a canvas made from spiders webs that have been collected, layered, cleaned, and placed within a frame.
Collage (from the coller., "to glue") is a technique of an art production, primarily used in the visual arts, where the artwork is made from an assemblage of different forms, thus creating a new whole.
Color (American English) or colour (Commonwealth English) is the characteristic of human visual perception described through color categories, with names such as red, orange, yellow, green, blue, or purple.
Color Field painting is a style of abstract painting that emerged in New York City during the 1940s and 1950s.
In the visual arts, color theory or colour theory is a body of practical guidance to color mixing and the visual effects of a specific color combination.
In the visual arts, composition is the placement or arrangement of visual elements or 'ingredients' in a work of art, as distinct from the subject.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
Computer art is any art in which computers play a role in production or display of the artwork.
Computer graphics are pictures and films created using computers.
Concepts are mental representations, abstract objects or abilities that make up the fundamental building blocks of thoughts and beliefs.
Conceptual art, sometimes simply called conceptualism, is art in which the concept(s) or idea(s) involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic, technical, and material concerns.
Contemporary art is the art of today, produced in the late 20th century or in the 21st century.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Corel Painter is a raster-based digital art application created to simulate as accurately as possible the appearance and behavior of traditional media associated with drawing, painting, and printmaking.
A craft or trade is a pastime or a profession that requires particular skills and knowledge of skilled work.
Cubism is an early-20th-century art movement which brought European painting and sculpture historically forward toward 20th century Modern art.
A cultural movement is a change in the way a number of different disciplines approach their work.
Cultural pluralism is a term used when smaller groups within a larger society maintain their unique cultural identities, and their values and practices are accepted by the wider culture provided they are consistent with the laws and values of the wider society.
Culture jamming (sometimes guerrilla communication) is a tactic used by many anti-consumerist social movements"Investigating the Anti-consumerism Movement in North America: The Case of Adbusters';" Binay, Ayse; (2005); dissertation, University of Texas to disrupt or subvert media culture and its mainstream cultural institutions, including corporate advertising.
Cyberarts or cyberart refers to the class of art produced with the help of computer software and hardware, often with an interactive or multimedia aspect.
Cynical realism is a contemporary movement in Chinese art, especially in the form of painting, that began in the 1990s.
Dada or Dadaism was an art movement of the European avant-garde in the early 20th century, with early centers in Zürich, Switzerland, at the Cabaret Voltaire (circa 1916); New York Dada began circa 1915, and after 1920 Dada flourished in Paris.
Dammar, also called dammar gum, or damar gum, is a resin obtained from the Dipterocarpaceae family of trees in India and East Asia, principally those of the genera Shorea or Hopea (synonym Balanocarpus).
Death, due to its prominent place in human culture, is frequently imagined as a personified force, also known as the Grim Reaper.
The demoscene is an international computer art subculture focused on producing demos: self-contained, sometimes extremely small, computer programs that produce audio-visual presentations.
Design is the creation of a plan or convention for the construction of an object, system or measurable human interaction (as in architectural blueprints, engineering drawings, business processes, circuit diagrams, and sewing patterns).
Digital art is an artistic work or practice that uses digital technology as an essential part of the creative or presentation process.
Digital painting is an emerging art form in which traditional painting techniques such as watercolor, oils, impasto, etc.
Drawing is a form of visual art in which a person uses various drawing instruments to mark paper or another two-dimensional medium.
A drying oil is an oil that hardens to a tough, solid film after a period of exposure to air.
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.
In music, the dynamics of a piece is the variation in loudness between notes or phrases.
Early Netherlandish painting is the work of artists, sometimes known as the Flemish Primitives, active in the Burgundian and Habsburg Netherlands during the 15th- and 16th-century Northern Renaissance; especially in the flourishing cities of Bruges, Ghent, Mechelen, Louvain, Tournai and Brussels, all in contemporary Belgium.
Edgar Degas (or; born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas,; 19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917) was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings.
Eggs are laid by female animals of many different species, including birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, and fish, and have been eaten by humans for thousands of years.
Electronic art is a form of art that makes use of electronic media.
, often simply called, is a horizontal, illustrated narrative form created during the 11th to 16th centuries in Japan.
Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.
An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable).
En plein air (French for outdoors, or plein air painting) is the act of painting outdoors.
Encaustic painting, also known as hot wax painting, involves using heated beeswax to which colored pigments are added.
Erwin Panofsky (March 30, 1892 in Hannover – March 14, 1968 in Princeton, New Jersey) was a German-Jewish art historian, whose academic career was pursued mostly in the U.S. after the rise of the Nazi regime.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Expressionism was a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century.
F is a musical note, the fourth above C. It is also known as fa in fixed-do solfège.
Fauvism is the style of les Fauves (French for "the wild beasts"), a group of early twentieth-century modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities and strong color over the representational or realistic values retained by Impressionism.
Feminist art is a category of art associated with the late 1960s and 1970s feminist movement.
Figuration Libre ("Free Figuration") is a French art movement of the 1980s.
Figurative art, sometimes written as figurativism, describes artwork (particularly paintings and sculptures) that is clearly derived from real object sources and so is, by definition, representational.
A figure painting is a work of fine art in any of the painting media with the primary subject being the human figure, whether clothed or nude.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
Fingerpaint is a kind of paint intended to be applied with the fingers; it typically comes in pots and is used by small children, though it has occasionally been used by adults either to teach art to children, or for their own use.
In drawing, a fixative is a liquid, similar to varnish, which is usually sprayed over a finished piece of artwork, usually a dry media artwork, to better preserve it and prevent smudging.
Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.
Fluorescence is the emission of light by a substance that has absorbed light or other electromagnetic radiation.
Fluxus is an international and interdisciplinary group of artists, composers, designers and poets that took shape in the 1960s and 1970s.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Frankincense (also known as olibanum, לבונה, Arabic) is an aromatic resin used in incense and perfumes, obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia in the family Burseraceae, particularly Boswellia sacra (syn: B. bhaw-dajiana), B. carterii33, B. frereana, B. serrata (B. thurifera, Indian frankincense), and B. papyrifera.
Fresco (plural frescos or frescoes) is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid, or wet lime plaster.
Fresco-secco (or a secco or fresco finto) is a wall painting technique where pigments mixed with an organic binder and/or lime are applied onto a dry plaster.
Funk art is an American art movement that was a reaction against the nonobjectivity of abstract expressionism.
Futurism (Futurismo) was an artistic and social movement that originated in Italy in the early 20th century.
Genre is any form or type of communication in any mode (written, spoken, digital, artistic, etc.) with socially-agreed upon conventions developed over time.
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (August 27, 1770 – November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher and the most important figure of German idealism.
Gerald Graff (born 1937) is a professor of English and Education at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
A gesture is a form of non-verbal communication or non-vocal communication in which visible bodily actions communicate particular messages, either in place of, or in conjunction with, speech.
Gouache, body color, opaque watercolor, or gouache, is one type of watermedia, paint consisting of Natural pigment, water, a binding agent (usually gum arabic or dextrin), and sometimes additional inert material.
Graffiti (plural of graffito: "a graffito", but "these graffiti") are writing or drawings that have been scribbled, scratched, or painted, typically illicitly, on a wall or other surface, often within public view.
The term "Grand Tour" refers to the 17th- and 18th-century custom of a traditional trip of Europe undertaken by mainly upper-class young European men of sufficient means and rank (typically accompanied by a chaperon, such as a family member) when they had come of age (about 21 years old).
A category of fine art, graphic art covers a broad range of visual artistic expression, typically two-dimensional, i.e. produced on a flat surface.
A graphic designer is a professional within the graphic design and graphic arts industry who assembles together images, typography, or motion graphics to create a piece of design.
A happening is a performance, event, or situation meant to be considered art, usually as performance art.
Harcourt was a United States publishing firm with a long history of publishing fiction and nonfiction for adults and children.
Hard-edge painting is painting in which abrupt transitions are found between color areas.
The history of art focuses on objects made by humans in visual form for aesthetic purposes.
The history of Asian art or Eastern art, includes a vast range of influences from various cultures and religions.
The history of painting reaches back in time to artifacts from pre-historic humans, and spans all cultures.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
A house painter and decorator is a tradesman responsible for the painting and decorating of buildings, and is also known as a decorator or house painter.
Hyperrealism is a genre of painting and sculpture resembling a high-resolution photograph.
An icon (from Greek εἰκών eikōn "image") is a religious work of art, most commonly a painting, from the Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, and certain Eastern Catholic churches.
Iconography, as a branch of art history, studies the identification, description, and the interpretation of the content of images: the subjects depicted, the particular compositions and details used to do so, and other elements that are distinct from artistic style.
An illustration is a decoration, interpretation or visual explanation of a text, concept or process, designed for integration in published media, such as posters, flyers, magazines, books, teaching materials, animations, video games and films.
Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy.
Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterised by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles.
Below is a list of topics in painting.
Indigenouism is a visual arts movement that promotes environmental protection by utilizing Indigenous Materials as media in artistic creations.
Indigo is a deep and rich color close to the color wheel blue (a primary color in the RGB color space), as well as to some variants of ultramarine.
An industrial robot is a robot system used for manufacturing.
Information art (also data art or informatism) is an emerging field of electronic art that synthesizes computer science, information technology, and more classical forms of art, including performance art, visual art, new media art and conceptual art.
Ink is a liquid or paste that contains pigments or dyes and is used to color a surface to produce an image, text, or design.
Ink wash painting, also known as literati painting, is an East Asian type of brush painting of Chinese origin that uses black ink—the same as used in East Asian calligraphy—in various concentrations.
Installation art is an artistic genre of three-dimensional works that often are site-specific and designed to transform the perception of a space.
In art, Institutional Critique is the systematic inquiry into the workings of art institutions, such as galleries and museums, and is most associated with the work of artists like Michael Asher, Marcel Broodthaers, Daniel Buren, Andrea Fraser, John Knight (artist), Adrian Piper, Fred Wilson, and Hans Haacke and the scholarship of Alexander Alberro, Benjamin H. D. Buchloh, Birgit Pelzer, and Anne Rorimer.
Internet art (often referred to as net art) is a form of digital artwork distributed via the Internet.
Intonaco is an Italian term for the final, very thin layer of plaster on which a fresco is painted.
Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
Joseph Mallord William Turner (23 April 177519 December 1851), known as J. M. W. Turner and contemporarily as William Turner, was an English Romantic painter, printmaker and watercolourist, known for his expressive colourisation, imaginative landscapes and turbulent, often violent marine paintings.
is one of the oldest and most highly refined of the Japanese visual arts, encompassing a wide variety of genres and styles.
Jean Philippe Arthur Dubuffet (31 July 1901 – 12 May 1985) was a French painter and sculptor.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.
John Simmons Barth (born May 27, 1930) is an American writer, best known for his postmodernist and metafictional fiction.
The is one of the most famous schools of Japanese painting.
Kangra painting is the pictorial art of Kangra, named after Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, a former princely state, which patronized the art.
Kerala mural paintings are the frescos depicting mythology and legends, which are drawn on the walls of temples and churches in South India, principally in Kerala.
The Kimberley is the northernmost of the nine regions of Western Australia.
Kinetic art is art from any medium that contains movement perceivable by the viewer or depends on motion for its effect.
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
Korean painting includes paintings made in Korea or by overseas Koreans on all surfaces.
The term lacquer is used for a number of hard and potentially shiny finishes applied to materials such as wood.
Land art, variously known as Earth art, environmental art, and Earthworks, is an art movement that emerged in the 1960s and 1970s, largely associated with Great Britain and the United States,Art in the modern era: A guide to styles, schools, & movements.
Landscape painting, also known as landscape art, is the depiction of landscapes in art – natural scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers, and forests, especially where the main subject is a wide view – with its elements arranged into a coherent composition.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.
Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides, mostly cattle hide.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
In colorimetry and color theory, lightness, also known as value or tone, is a representation of variation in the perception of a color or color space's brightness.
Limoges enamel has been produced at Limoges, in south-western France, over several centuries up to the present.
Linda Nochlin (née Weinberg; January 30, 1931 – October 29, 2017) was an American art historian, Lila Acheson Wallace Professor Emerita of Modern Art at New York University Institute of Fine Arts, and writer.
Linseed oil, also known as flaxseed oil or flax oil, is a colourless to yellowish oil obtained from the dried, ripened seeds of the flax plant (Linum usitatissimum).
Lisa del Giocondo (née Gherardini; June 15, 1479 – July 15, 1542), also known as Lisa Gherardini, Lisa di Antonio Maria (or Antonmaria) Gherardini and Mona Lisa, was an Italian noblewoman, member of the Gherardini family of Florence and Tuscany in Italy.
This is a list of the highest known prices paid for paintings.
Literature, most generically, is any body of written works.
A logo (abbreviation of logotype, from λόγος logos "word" and τύπος typos "imprint") is a graphic mark, emblem, or symbol used to aid and promote public identification and recognition.
The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.
Lowbrow, or lowbrow art, describes an underground visual art movement that arose in the Los Angeles, California, area in the late 1970s.
A lubricant is a substance, usually organic, introduced to reduce friction between surfaces in mutual contact, which ultimately reduces the heat generated when the surfaces move.
Lyrical abstraction is either of two related but distinct trends in Post-war Modernist painting: European Abstraction Lyrique born in Paris, the French art critic Jean José Marchand being credited with coining its name in 1947, considered as a component of (Tachisme) when the name of this movement was coined in 1951 by Pierre Guéguen and Charles Estienne the author of L'Art à Paris 1945–1966, and American Lyrical Abstraction a movement described by Larry Aldrich (the founder of the Aldrich Contemporary Art Museum, Ridgefield Connecticut) in 1969.
Madhubani art (or Mithila art) is practiced in the Mithila region of Bihar in India and Nepal.
Mail art (also known as postal art and correspondence art) is a populist artistic movement centered on sending small scale works through the postal service.
A mammoth is any species of the extinct genus Mammuthus, proboscideans commonly equipped with long, curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long hair.
Massurrealism is a portmanteau word coined in 1992 by American artist James Seehafer, who described a trend among some postmodern artists that mix the aesthetic styles and themes of surrealism and mass media—including pop art.
Maurice Denis (25 November 1870 – 13 November 1943) was a French painter, decorative artist and writer, who was an important figure in the transitional period between impressionism and modern art.
In the arts, maximalism, a reaction against minimalism, is an esthetic of excess and redundancy.
During the Ming dynasty (1368–1644), Chinese painting progressed further basing on the achievements in painted art during the earlier Song dynasty and Yuan dynasty.
In visual arts, music, and other mediums, minimalism is an art movement that began in post–World War II Western art, most strongly with American visual arts in the 1960s and early 1970s.
Miscibility is the property of substances to mix in all proportions (that is, to fully dissolve in each other at any concentration), forming a homogeneous solution.
In literature and other artistic media, a mode is an unspecific critical term usually designating a broad but identifiable kind of literary method, mood, or manner that is not tied exclusively to a particular form or genre.
Modern art includes artistic work produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s, and denotes the styles and philosophy of the art produced during that era.
Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
The Mona Lisa (Monna Lisa or La Gioconda, La Joconde) is a half-length portrait painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci that has been described as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world".
Mughal paintings are a particular style of South Asian painting, generally confined to miniatures either as book illustrations or as single works to be kept in albums, which emerged from Persian miniature painting (itself largely of Chinese origin), with Indian Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist influences, and developed largely in the court of the Mughal Empire of the 16th to 18th centuries.
A mural is any piece of artwork painted or applied directly on a wall, ceiling or other permanent surface.
Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.
Mysore painting (ಮೈಸೂರು ಚಿತ್ರಕಲೆ) is an important form of classical South Indian painting that originated in and around the town of Mysore in Karnataka encouraged and nurtured by the Mysore rulers.
Mythology refers variously to the collected myths of a group of people or to the study of such myths.
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the President of France from 1848 to 1852 and as Napoleon III the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870.
A narrative or story is a report of connected events, real or imaginary, presented in a sequence of written or spoken words, or still or moving images, or both.
Narrative art is art that tells a story, either as a moment in an ongoing story or as a sequence of events unfolding over time.
Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, or material world or universe.
Neo-conceptual art describes art practices in the 1980s and particularly 1990s to date that derive from the conceptual art movement of the 1960s and 1970s.
Neo-Dada was a movement with audio, visual and literary manifestations that had similarities in method or intent with earlier Dada artwork.
Neo-expressionism is a style of late modernist or early-postmodern painting and sculpture that emerged in the late 1970s.
Neo-pop is a postmodern art movement of the 1980s.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New European Painting emerged in the 1980s and reached a critical point of major distinction and influence in the 1990s with painters like Gerhard Richter, Sigmar Polke, Georg Baselitz, Anselm Kiefer and Bracha Ettinger whose paintings have established and continue to create a new dialogue between the historical archive, American Abstraction and figuration.
New media art refers to artworks created with new media technologies, including digital art, computer graphics, computer animation, virtual art, Internet art, interactive art, video games, computer robotics, 3D printing, cyborg art and art as biotechnology.
New York Figurative Expressionism of the 1950s represented a trend where "diverse New York artists countered the prevailing abstract mode to work with the figure." It was part of the evolving American Figurative Expressionism movement begun in the 1930s in the U.S.
The New York School was an informal group of American poets, painters, dancers, and musicians active in the 1950s and 1960s in New York City.
A non-sequitur ("it does not follow") is a conversational and literary device, often used for comedic purposes.
Nouveau réalisme (new realism) refers to an artistic movement founded in 1960 by the art critic Pierre Restany and the painter Yves Klein during the first collective exposition in the Apollinaire gallery in Milan.
The nude figure is a tradition in Western art, and has been used to express ideals of male and female beauty and other human qualities.
Ochre (British English) (from Greek: ὤχρα, from ὠχρός, ōkhrós, pale) or ocher (American English) is a natural clay earth pigment which is a mixture of ferric oxide and varying amounts of clay and sand.
An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").
Oil paint is a type of slow-drying paint that consists of particles of pigment suspended in a drying oil, commonly linseed oil.
Oil painting is the process of painting with pigments with a medium of drying oil as the binder.
Op art, short for optical art, is a style of visual art that uses optical illusions.
Ottoman miniature or Turkish miniature was an art form in the Ottoman Empire, which can be linked to the Persian miniature tradition, as well as strong Chinese artistic influences.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to painting: Painting – artwork in which paint or other medium has been applied to a surface, and in which area and composition are two primary considerations.
Outsider art is art by self-taught or naïve art makers.
Paint is any liquid, liquefiable, or mastic composition that, after application to a substrate in a thin layer, converts to a solid film.
A panorama (formed from Greek πᾶν "all" + ὅραμα "sight") is any wide-angle view or representation of a physical space, whether in painting, drawing, photography, film, seismic images or a three-dimensional model.
Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibres of cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets.
Papyrus is a material similar to thick paper that was used in ancient times as a writing surface.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
A pastel is an art medium in the form of a stick, consisting of pure powdered pigment and a binder.
Pattachitra or Patachitra is a general term for traditional, cloth-based scroll painting, based in the eastern Indian states of West Bengal and Odisha.
Pattern and Decoration was an art movement situated in the United States from the mid-1970s to the early 1980s.
Paul Bril (1554 – 7 October 1626) was a Flemish painter and printmaker principally known for his landscapes.
Paul Klee (18 December 1879 – 29 June 1940) was a Swiss German artist.
PC games, also known as computer games or personal computer games, are video games played on a personal computer rather than a dedicated video game console or arcade machine.
A pen is a common writing instrument used to apply ink to a surface, usually paper, for writing or drawing.
Performance art is a performance presented to an audience within a fine art context, traditionally interdisciplinary.
A Persian miniature (Persian:نگارگری ایرانی) is a small painting on paper, whether a book illustration or a separate work of art intended to be kept in an album of such works called a muraqqa.
Personality type refers to the psychological classification of different types of individuals.
Sir Peter Paul Rubens (28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish artist.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
A photograph or photo is an image created by light falling on a light-sensitive surface, usually photographic film or an electronic medium such as a CCD or a CMOS chip.
Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.
Photorealism is a genre of art that encompasses painting, drawing and other graphic media, in which an artist studies a photograph and then attempts to reproduce the image as realistically as possible in another medium.
Phthalocyanine Blue BN, also called by many names (EINECS 205-685-1), is a bright, crystalline, synthetic blue pigment from the group of phthalocyanine dyes.
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.
Plaster is a building material used for the protective and/or decorative coating of walls and ceilings and for moulding and casting decorative elements.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
Poetry (the term derives from a variant of the Greek term, poiesis, "making") is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning.
Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.
Pop art is an art movement that emerged in Britain and the United States during the mid- to late-1950s.
A portrait is a painting, photograph, sculpture, or other artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant.
A portrait miniature is a miniature portrait painting, usually executed in gouache, watercolour, or enamel.
Portrait painting is a genre in painting, where the intent is to depict a human subject.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Post-Impressionism (also spelled Postimpressionism) is a predominantly French art movement that developed roughly between 1886 and 1905, from the last Impressionist exhibition to the birth of Fauvism.
A poster is any piece of printed paper designed to be attached to a wall or vertical surface.
Poster paint is a distemper paint that usually uses a type of gum-water or glue size as its binder.
Postminimalism is an art term coined (as post-minimalism) by Robert Pincus-Witten in 1971Chilvers, Ian and Glaves-Smith, John, A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art, second edition (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2009), p. 569.
Postmodern art is a body of art movements that sought to contradict some aspects of modernism or some aspects that emerged or developed in its aftermath.
Pottery is the ceramic material which makes up pottery wares, of which major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain.
A set of primary colors is, most tangibly, a set of real colorants or colored lights that can be combined in varying amounts to produce a gamut of colors.
A primer or undercoat is a preparatory coating put on materials before painting.
Process art is an artistic movement as well as a creative sentiment where the end product of art and craft, the objet d’art (work of art/found object), is not the principal focus.
Prussian blue is a dark blue pigment produced by oxidation of ferrous ferrocyanide salts.
Pseudorealism, also spelled pseudo-realism, is a term used in a variety of discourses connoting artistic and dramatic techniques, or work of art, film and literature perceived as superficial, not-real, or non-realistic.
Psychiatric hospitals, also known as mental hospitals, mental health units, mental asylums or simply asylums, are hospitals or wards specializing in the treatment of serious mental disorders, such as clinical depression, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder.
A quill pen is a writing implement made from a moulted flight feather (preferably a primary wing-feather) of a large bird.
Rajput painting, also called Rajasthani painting, evolved and flourished in the royal courts of Rajputana in India.
Realism, sometimes called naturalism, in the arts is generally the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, or implausible, exotic, and supernatural elements.
Red is the color at the end of the visible spectrum of light, next to orange and opposite violet.
Relational art or relational aesthetics is a mode or tendency in fine art practice originally observed and highlighted by French art critic Nicolas Bourriaud.
Religious art or sacred art is artistic imagery using religious inspiration and motifs and is often intended to uplift the mind to the spiritual.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance" of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers.
Rhetoric is the art of discourse, wherein a writer or speaker strives to inform, persuade, or motivate particular audiences in specific situations.
A rhinoceros, commonly abbreviated to rhino, is one of any five extant species of odd-toed ungulates in the family Rhinocerotidae, as well as any of the numerous extinct species.
Rhythm (from Greek ῥυθμός, rhythmos, "any regular recurring motion, symmetry") generally means a "movement marked by the regulated succession of strong and weak elements, or of opposite or different conditions".
, is one of the major historical schools of Japanese painting.
The study of Roman sculpture is complicated by its relation to Greek sculpture.
Rudolf Arnheim (July 15, 1904 – June 9, 2007) was a German-born author, art and film theorist, and perceptual psychologist.
The Salon (Salon), or rarely Paris Salon (French: Salon de Paris), beginning in 1667 was the official art exhibition of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris.
The Salon des Refusés, French for "exhibition of rejects", is generally an exhibition of works rejected by the jury of the official Paris Salon, but the term is most famously used to refer to the Salon des Refusés of 1863.
A salt cellar (also called a salt and a salt pig) is an article of tableware for holding and dispensing salt.
Samikshavad is the first indigenous art movement in modern India, which started in North India in 1974.
Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
Shan shui (pronounced) refers to a style of traditional Chinese painting that involves or depicts scenery or natural landscapes, using a brush and ink rather than more conventional paints.
The, also known as the Maruyama–Shijō school, was a Japanese school of painting.
The Sistine Chapel ceiling, painted by Michelangelo between 1508 and 1512, is a cornerstone work of High Renaissance art.
Sizing or size is any one of numerous substances that is applied to, or incorporated into, other materials — especially papers and textiles — to act as a protective filler or glaze.
Social theories are analytical frameworks, or paradigms, that are used to study and interpret social phenomena.
Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.
Software art is a work of art where the creation of software, or concepts from software, play an important role; for example software applications which were created by artists and which were intended as artworks.
Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid or gaseous solvent.
In chemistry, a solution is a special type of homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
Sound art is an artistic discipline in which sound is utilised as a primary medium.
Southern Europe is the southern region of the European continent.
The Southern School (南宗画, pinyin: nanzhonghua) of Chinese painting, often called "literati painting" (文人画, wenrenhua), is a term used to denote art and artists which stand in opposition to the formal Northern School of painting.
Spanish art has been an important contributor to Western art and Spain has produced many famous and influential artists including Velázquez, Goya and Picasso.
Spray painting is a painting technique where a device sprays a coating (paint, ink, varnish, etc.) through the air onto a surface.
Stencilling produces an image or pattern by applying pigment to a surface over an intermediate object with designed gaps in it which create the pattern or image by only allowing the pigment to reach some parts of the surface.
A still life (plural: still lifes) is a work of art depicting mostly inanimate subject matter, typically commonplace objects which are either natural (food, flowers, dead animals, plants, rocks, shells, etc.) or man-made (drinking glasses, books, vases, jewelry, coins, pipes, etc.). With origins in the Middle Ages and Ancient Greco-Roman art, still-life painting emerged as a distinct genre and professional specialization in Western painting by the late 16th century, and has remained significant since then.
Straw is an agricultural by-product, the dry stalks of cereal plants, after the grain and chaff have been removed.
Street art is visual art created in public locations, usually unsanctioned artwork executed outside of the context of traditional art venues.
Stuckism is an international art movement founded in 1999 by Billy Childish and Charles Thomson to promote figurative painting as opposed to conceptual art.
In the visual arts, style is a "...distinctive manner which permits the grouping of works into related categories" or "...any distinctive, and therefore recognizable, way in which an act is performed or an artifact made or ought to be performed and made".
In aesthetics, the sublime (from the Latin sublīmis) is the quality of greatness, whether physical, moral, intellectual, metaphysical, aesthetic, spiritual, or artistic.
Superflat is a postmodern art movement, founded by the artist Takashi Murakami, which is influenced by manga and anime.
Superstroke is a term used for a contemporary art movement with its origins in South Africa.
Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension (or interfacial tension) between two liquids, between a gas and a liquid, or between a liquid and a solid.
Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings.
Suspended solids refers to small solid particles which remain in suspension in water as a colloid or due to the motion of the water.
A symbol is a mark, sign or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, object, or relationship.
Symbolism was a late nineteenth-century art movement of French, Russian and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts.
During the Tang dynasty, as a golden age in Chinese civilization, Chinese painting developed dramatically, both in subject matter and technique.
"Techne" is a term, etymologically derived from the Greek word τέχνη, that is often translated as "craftsmanship", "craft", or "art".
Tempera, also known as egg tempera, is a permanent, fast-drying painting medium consisting of colored pigments mixed with a water-soluble binder medium (usually glutinous material such as egg yolk or some other size).
In psychology, temperament broadly refers to consistent individual differences in behavior that are biologically based and are relatively independent of learning, system of values and attitudes.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
Texture in painting refers to the look and feel of the canvas.
Thanjavur painting is a classical South Indian painting style, which was inaugurated from the town of Thanjavur (anglicized as Tanjore) and spread across the adjoining and geographically contiguous Tamil country.
The Literature of Exhaustion is a 1967 essay by the American novelist John Barth sometimes considered to be the manifesto of postmodernism.
In music, timbre (also known as tone color or tone quality from psychoacoustics) is the perceived sound quality of a musical note, sound or tone.
Tingatinga (also spelt Tinga-tinga or Tinga Tinga) is a painting style that developed in the second half of the 20th century in the Oyster Bay area in Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) and later spread to most East Africa.
Transgressive art is art that aims to transgress; i.e. to outrage or violate basic morals and sensibilities.
TriQuarterly is an American literary magazine published twice a year at Northwestern University that features fiction, nonfiction, poetry, drama, literary essays, reviews, a blog, and graphic art.
Trompe-l'œil (French for "deceive the eye", pronounced) is an art technique that uses realistic imagery to create the optical illusion that the depicted objects exist in three dimensions.
Truth is most often used to mean being in accord with fact or reality, or fidelity to an original or standard.
Chemical structure of pinene, a major component of turpentine Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, wood turpentine and colloquially turps) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin obtained from live trees, mainly pines.
Ultramarine is a deep blue color and a pigment which was originally made by grinding lapis lazuli into a powder.
A valve is a device that regulates, directs or controls the flow of a fluid (gases, liquids, fluidized solids, or slurries) by opening, closing, or partially obstructing various passageways.
A vanitas is a symbolic work of art showing the transience of life, the futility of pleasure, and the certainty of death, often contrasting symbols of wealth and symbols of ephemerality and death.
A veduta (Italian for "view"; plural vedute) is a highly detailed, usually large-scale painting or, more often print, of a cityscape or some other vista.
Vellum is prepared animal skin or "membrane" used as a material for writing on.
Video art is an art form which relies on using video technology as a visual and audio medium.
Video game art is a specialized form of computer art employing video games as the artistic medium.
Video installation is a contemporary art form that combines video technology with installation art, making use of all aspects of the surrounding environment to affect the audience.
Virtual art is a term for the virtualization of art, made with the technical media developed at the end of the 1980s (or a bit before, in some cases).
Virtual reality (VR) is an interactive computer-generated experience taking place within a simulated environment, that incorporates mainly auditory and visual, but also other types of sensory feedback like haptic.
The viscosity of a fluid is the measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress.
The visible spectrum is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to the human eye.
The visual arts are art forms such as ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture, printmaking, design, crafts, photography, video, filmmaking, and architecture.
The visual language is a system of communication using visual elements.
Vitreous enamel, also called porcelain enamel, is a material made by fusing powdered glass to a substrate by firing, usually between.
VJing (pronounced: VEE-JAY-ing) is a broad designation for realtime visual performance.
A wall is a structure that defines an area, carries a load, or provides shelter or security.
Warli painting is a style of tribal art mostly created by the tribal people from the North Sahyadri Range in India.
The Washington Color School, a visual art movement that originated in the late 1950s through the late-1960s centered in Washington, D.C., describes a form of image making concerned primarily with color field painting, a form of non-objective or non-representational art that explored ways to use large solid areas of paint.
Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky (Vasily Vasilyevich Kandinsky) (– 13 December 1944) was a Russian painter and art theorist.
Water miscible oil paint (also called water soluble oil paint or water mixable oil paint) is oil paint either engineered or an emulsifier has been added, to be thinned and cleaned up with water.
Watercolor (American English) or watercolour (British English; see spelling differences), also aquarelle (French, diminutive of Latin aqua "water"), is a painting method in which the paints are made of pigments suspended in a water-based solution.
Waxes are a diverse class of organic compounds that are lipophilic, malleable solids near ambient temperatures.
Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degree to which it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy.
Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, European civilization,is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.
The history of Western painting represents a continuous, though disrupted, tradition from antiquity until the present time.
Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.
A work of art, artwork, art piece, piece of art or art object is an aesthetic physical item or artistic creation.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language and emotion with signs and symbols.
Wu or Wumen School is a group of painters of the Southern School during the Ming period of Chinese history.
is a style of Japanese painting inspired by Tang dynasty paintings and fully developed by the late Heian period.
The Young British Artists, or YBAs—also referred to as Brit artists and Britart—is the name given to a loose group of visual artists who first began to exhibit together in London, in 1988.
The Zhe School (浙派) was a school of painters and was part of the Northern School, which thrived during the Ming dynasty.
20th-century Western painting begins with the heritage of late-19th-century painters Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Georges Seurat and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and others who were essential for the development of modern art.
Art of painting, Classical Painting, Coat of paint, PainTing, PaintIng, Painter, Painter (artist), Painters, Painting (object), Painting artist, Painting, the art of, Paintings, Paintist, Paintists, Paintress, Stylized painting.