131 relations: Academy of Sciences Range, Afghanistan, Ak-Baital Pass, Alay Valley, Alexei Fedchenko, American Geophysical Union, Amu Darya, Badakhshan Province, Baltoro Glacier, Bento de Góis, Biafo Glacier, Brüggen Glacier, Central Asia, Charles Murray, 7th Earl of Dunmore, China, China–Tajikistan border, Clinohumite, Coal, Commentary on the Water Classic, Dunhuang, Dushanbe, Engels Peak, Engilchek Glacier, Fedchenko Glacier, Fergana Valley, Francis Younghusband, Gemstone, Geology, George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, Glacier, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, Grassland, Great Pamir, Gunt River, Himalayas, Hindu Kush, Hindu Raj, Independence Peak, India, Ismoil Somoni Peak, John Wood (explorer), Kabul, Kam Air Flight 904, Karakoram, Karakoram Highway, Karakul (Tajikistan), Karl Marx Peak, Kashgar, Khorugh, Kokand, ..., Kongur Tagh, Kunlun Mountains, Kurumdy Mountain, Kyrgyz language, Kyrgyzstan, Lapis lazuli, Lenin Peak, Li (unit), List of highest mountains on Earth, List of mountain ranges, Little Pamir, M41 highway, Marco Polo, Massif, Mayakovsky Peak, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China, Montane grasslands and shrublands, Moscow Peak, Mount Garmo, Mount Imeon, Mountain, Mountain range, Murghab District, Murghab, Tajikistan, Muztagh Ata, Ney Elias, Nikolai Korzhenevskiy, Nikolai Severtzov, Northern Silk Road, Osh, Osh Region, Pakistan, Pamir languages, Pamir National Park, Pamir River, Panj River, Parthia, Patkhor Peak, Peak Korzhenevskaya, Persian language, Peter I Range, Polar regions of Earth, Precipitation, Ptolemy, Putyata, Roof of the World, Shakhdara Range, Sheep, Siachen Glacier, Siberia, Silk Road, Snow, Soviet Central Asia, Soviet Union, St. George Littledale, Sulayman Mountain, Summer, Taghdumbash Pamir, Tajikistan, Tajikistani Civil War, Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County, Taymyr Peninsula, The New York Times, Tian Shan, Trans-Alay Range, Tree, Urdu, Uyghur language, Wakhan, Wakhan Corridor, Wilhelm Filchner, Winter, Xi'an, Xiao'erjing, Xinjiang, Yarkand River, Yarkant County, Yazgulem Range, Zhang Qian, Zorkul, 1991 Sino-Soviet Border Agreement. Expand index (81 more) » « Shrink index
Academy of Sciences Range (Хребет Академии Наук, Khrebet Akademiy Nauk; Qatorkuhi Akademiyai Fanho) is a mountain range in the Western Pamirs of Tajikistan.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
The Ak-Baital Pass is a mountain pass in the Pamir Mountains in Tajikistan.
The Alay Valley (Алай өрөөнү) is a broad, dry valley running east-west across most of southern Osh Province, Kyrgyzstan.
Alexei Pavlovich Fedchenko (Алексей Павлович Федченко; 7 February 184415 September 1873) was a Russian naturalist and explorer well known for his travels in central Asia.
The American Geophysical Union (AGU) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization of geophysicists, consisting of over 62,000 members from 144 countries.
The Amu Darya, also called the Amu or Amo River, and historically known by its Latin name Oxus, is a major river in Central Asia.
Badakhshan Province (بدخشان ولایت Badaxšān wilāyat and Velâyat-e Badakhšân) is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the farthest northeastern part of the country between Tajikistan and northern Pakistan.
The Baltoro Glacier, at in length, is one of the longest glaciers outside the polar regions.
Bento de Góis (1562 in Vila Franca do Campo, Azores, Portugal – 11 April 1607 in Suzhou, Gansu, China), was a Portuguese Jesuit Brother, Missionary and explorer.
The Biafo Glacier (بیافو گلیشیر) is a long glacier in the Karakoram Mountains of Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan Occupied Kashmir which meets the long Hispar Glacier at an altitude of at Hispar La (Pass) to create the world's longest glacial system outside the polar regions.
Brüggen Glacier, also known as Pío XI Glacier, is in southern Chile and is the largest western outflow from the Southern Patagonian Ice Field.
Central Asia stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.
Charles Adolphus Murray, 7th Earl of Dunmore VD (24 March 1841 – 27 August 1907), styled Viscount Fincastle from birth until 1845, was a Scottish peer and Conservative politician.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The border between China and Tajikistan is the 414 km long, generally north-south line which separates eastern Tajikistan (province of Gorno-Badakhshan) from the territory of China (province of Xinjiang).
Clinohumite is an uncommon member of the humite group, a magnesium silicate according to the chemical formula (Mg, Fe)9(SiO4)4(F,OH)2.
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
The Commentary on the Water Classic is a work on the ancient geography of China, describing the traditional understanding of its waterways and ancient canals, compiled by Li Daoyuan during the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534 AD).
Dunhuang is a county-level city in northwestern Gansu Province, Western China.
Dushanbe (Душанбе) is the capital and largest city of Tajikistan.
Engels Peak is a mountain in the Shakhdara Range of the South Western Pamir Mountain System.
Engilchek Glacier (Эңилчек, Энильчек - Enilchek, also Иныльчек - Inylchek) is a glacier in the Central Tian Shan Mountains of Issyk-Kul Region, northeastern Kyrgyzstan.
The Fedchenko Glacier (Ледник Федченко) is a large glacier in the Yazgulem Range, Pamir Mountains, of north-central Gorno-Badakhshan province, Tajikistan.
The Fergana Valley (alternatively Farghana or Ferghana; Farg‘ona vodiysi, Фарғона водийси, فەرغانە ۉادىيسى; Фергана өрөөнү, Ferğana öröönü, فەرعانا ۅرۅۅنۉ; Водии Фарғона, Vodiyi Farğona / Vodiji Farƣona; Ферганская долина, Ferganskaja dolina; وادی فرغانه., Vâdiye Ferqâna; Фыйрганна Пенды, Xiao'erjing: فِ عَر قًا نَ پٌ دِ) is a valley in Central Asia spread across eastern Uzbekistan, southern Kyrgyzstan and northern Tajikistan.
Lieutenant Colonel Sir Francis Edward Younghusband, (31 May 1863 – 31 July 1942) was a British Army officer, explorer, and spiritual writer.
A gemstone (also called a gem, fine gem, jewel, precious stone, or semi-precious stone) is a piece of mineral crystal which, in cut and polished form, is used to make jewelry or other adornments.
Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.
George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, (11 January 1859 – 20 March 1925), known as Lord Curzon of Kedleston between 1898 and 1911 and as Earl Curzon of Kedleston between 1911 and 1921, and commonly as Lord Curzon, was a British Conservative statesman.
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.
The Kuhistani Badakhshan Autonomous Region (Вилояти Мухтори Кӯҳистони Бадахшон, Viloyati Muxtori Köhistoni Badaxshon; also known as Gorno-Badakhshan (after translit) is an autonomous region in eastern Tajikistan. Located in the Pamir Mountains, it makes up 45% of the land area of the country but only 3% of its population.Population of the Republic of Tajikistan as of 1 January 2008, State Statistical Committee, Dushanbe, 2008.
Grasslands are areas where the vegetation is dominated by grasses (Poaceae); however, sedge (Cyperaceae) and rush (Juncaceae) families can also be found along with variable proportions of legumes, like clover, and other herbs.
The Great Pamir or Big Pamir (Wakhi: Past Pamir; Kyrgyz: Chang Pamir; translit) is a broad U-shaped grassy valley or pamir in the eastern part of the Wakhan in north-eastern Afghanistan and the adjacent part of Tajikistan, in the Pamir Mountains.
The Gunt River is a river in the south of Tajikistan.
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
The Hindu Kush, also known in Ancient Greek as the Caucasus Indicus (Καύκασος Ινδικός) or Paropamisadae (Παροπαμισάδαι), in Pashto and Persian as, Hindu Kush is an mountain range that stretches near the Afghan-Pakistan border,, Quote: "The Hindu Kush mountains run along the Afghan border with the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan".
The Hindu Raj (سلسلہ کوہ ہندو راج) is a mountain range in northern Pakistan, between the Hindu Kush and the Karakoram ranges.
Independence Peak or Qullai Istiqlol (Қуллаи Истиқлол), at, is the seventh highest peak in Pamir Mountains, located at the center of Tajikistan's Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province, above the source of Yazgulem River in the Yazgulem Range.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Junko Tabei climbing the peak in 1985 Ismoil Somoni Peak (Tajik: Қуллаи Исмоили Сомонӣ, Qulla-i Ismō‘il-i Sōmōnî/Qullaji Ismojili Somonī; قلّهٔ اسماعیل سامانی) is the highest mountain in Tajikistan.
John Wood (1812 – 14 November 1871) was a Scottish naval officer, surveyor, cartographer and explorer, principally remembered for his exploration of central Asia.
Kabul (کابل) is the capital of Afghanistan and its largest city, located in the eastern section of the country.
Kam Air Flight 904 was a scheduled passenger domestic flight, flying from Herat Airfield in Herat to Kabul International Airport in Afghanistan's capital of Kabul.
The Karakoram, or Karakorum is a large mountain range spanning the borders of Pakistan, India, and China, with the northwest extremity of the range extending to Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
The N-35 or National Highway 35 (قومی شاہراہ 35), known more popularly as the Karakoram Highway (شاہراہ قراقرم) and China-Pakistan Friendship Highway, is a 1300 km national highway in Pakistan which extends from Hasan Abdal in Punjab province of Pakistan to the Khunjerab Pass in Gilgit-Baltistan, where it crosses into China and becomes China National Highway 314.
Karakul, Qarokul (Kyrgyz for "black lake", replacing the older Tajik name Siob) is a diameter lake within a impact crater.
Karl Marx Peak (Қуллаи Карл Маркс) rises to in the Shakhdara Range in Pamir Mountains, in the south-west of Tajikistan's Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province (eastern part of Ishkoshim district), just north of the Panj River and the Afghanistan border.
Kashgar is an oasis city in Xinjiang, People's Republic of China.
The town of Khorugh (Хоруғ) is the capital of the Gorno-Badakhshan (Кӯҳистони Бадахшон, Köhistoni Badaxshon, "Badakhshan Mountainous Region") Autonomous Region (GBAO) in Tajikistan.
Kokand (Qo‘qon, Қўқон, قوقان; Xuqand; Chagatai: خوقند, Xuqand; Xökand) is a city in Fergana Region in eastern Uzbekistan, at the southwestern edge of the Fergana Valley.
Kongur Tagh or Kongkoerh (Uyghur:, Коңур Тағ; Хонгор Таг, Hongor Tag) (also referred to as Kongur) is at 7,649 m the highest mountain wholly within the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China.
The Kunlun Mountains (Хөндлөн Уулс, Khöndlön Uuls) are one of the longest mountain chains in Asia, extending more than.
Kurumdy Mountain is a mountain in the Pamir Mountains of Central Asia, in the eastern section of the Transalai Range.
Kyrgyz (natively кыргызча, قىرعىزچه, kyrgyzcha or кыргыз тили, قىرعىز تيلى, kyrgyz tili) is a Turkic language spoken by about four million people in Kyrgyzstan as well as China, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Pakistan and Russia.
The Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyz Respublikasy; r; Қирғиз Республикаси.), or simply Kyrgyzstan, and also known as Kirghizia (Kyrgyzstan; r), is a sovereign state in Central Asia.
Lapis lazuli, or lapis for short, is a deep blue metamorphic rock used as a semi-precious stone that has been prized since antiquity for its intense color.
Lenin Peak (Ленин Чокусу, Lenin Çoqusu, لەنىن چوقۇسۇ; Пик Ленина, Pik Lenina; қуллаи Ленин, qulla‘i Lenin/qullaji Lenin, renamed қуллаи Абӯалӣ ибни Сино (qulla‘i Abûalî ibni Sino) in July 2006 (Tajik); for Russian text.), or Ibn Sina (Avicenna) Peak, rises to 7,134 metres (23,406 ft) in Gorno-Badakhshan (GBAO) on the border of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, and is the second-highest point of both countries.
The li (lǐ, or 市里, shìlǐ), also known as the Chinese mile, is a traditional Chinese unit of distance.
There are at least 109 mountains on Earth with elevations greater than above sea level.
This is a list of mountain ranges on Earth and a few other astronomical bodies.
The Little Pamir (Wakhi: Wuch Pamir; Kyrgyz: Kichik Pamir; translit) is a broad U-shaped grassy valley or pamir in the eastern part of the Wakhan in north-eastern Afghanistan.
The M41, known informally and more commonly as the Pamir Highway (Russian: "Pamirsky Trakt", Памирский тракт) is a road traversing the Pamir Mountains through Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan in Central Asia.
Marco Polo (1254January 8–9, 1324) was an Italian merchant, explorer, and writer, born in the Republic of Venice.
In geology, a massif is a section of a planet's crust that is demarcated by faults or flexures.
Mayakovsky Peak (Пик Маяковского) is a peak in Pamir Mountains.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China (MOFA or MFA) under the State Council of the Government of the People's Republic of China is an executive agency responsible for foreign relations between the People's Republic of China and other countries in the world.
Montane grasslands and shrublands is a biome defined by the World Wildlife Fund.
Moscow Peak, also Moskva Peak or Pik Moskva (Қуллаи Москва, Пик Москва), is a 6,785 m peak in the Peter I Range, western Pamir.
Mount Garmo (Tajik: Қуллаи Гармо, Qullai Garmo, Russian: пик Гармо, pik Garmo) is a mountain of the Pamirs in Tajikistan, Central Asia, with a height reported to be between 6,595 metres and 6,602 metres.
Mount Imeon is an ancient name for the Central Asian complex of mountain ranges comprising the present Hindu Kush, Pamir and Tian Shan, extending from the Zagros Mountains in the southwest to the Altay Mountains in the northeast, and linked to the Kunlun, Karakoram and Himalayas to the southeast.
A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak.
A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground.
Murghab (Pashto/مرغاب - Murġāb) is a district situated in the northeast of Badghis Province, Afghanistan.
Murghab (Tajik Мурғоб; Russian Мургаб, from the Persian word margh-ab meaning "prairie river") is the capital of Murghob District in the Pamir Mountains of Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, Tajikistan.
Muztagh Ata, or Muztagata (Uyghur: مۇز تاغ ئاتا, Музтағ Ата, literally "ice-mountain-father";; formerly known as Mount Tagharma or Taghalma, and Wi-tagh), is the second highest (7509 metres) of the mountains which form the northern edge of the Tibetan Plateau (not the second highest of the mountains of the Tibetan Plateau).
Ney Elias, CIE, (10 February 1844 – 31 May 1897) was an English explorer, geographer, and diplomat, most known for his extensive travels in Asia.
Nikolai Leopol'dovich Korzhenevskiy (Николай Леопольдович Коржене́вский, February 6 (18), 1879 – October 31, 1958), born in Zaverezhye, Vitebsk Governorate, Russian Empire (present-day Nevelsky District, Pskov Oblast, Russia), died in Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
Nikolai Alekseevich Severtzov (5 November 1827 – 8 February 1885) was a Russian explorer and naturalist.
The Northern Silk Road is a prehistoric trackway in northern China originating in the early capital of Xi'an and extending north of the Taklamakan Desert to reach the ancient kingdoms of Parthia, Bactria and eventually Persia and Rome.
Osh (Ош, Ош, O'sh) is the second largest city in Kyrgyzstan, located in the Fergana Valley in the south of the country and often referred to as the "capital of the south".
Osh Region (Ош облусу, Oş oblusu/Osh oblusu, وش وبلاستى; Ошская область, Oshskaya oblast’/Ošskaja oblastj) is a region (oblast) of Kyrgyzstan. Its capital is Osh. It is bounded by (clockwise) Jalal-Abad Region, Naryn Region, Xinjiang, China, Tajikistan, Batken Region, and Uzbekistan.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
The Pamir languages are an areal group of the Eastern Iranian languages, spoken by numerous people in the Pamir Mountains, primarily along the Panj River and its tributaries.
The Pamir National Park (also known as Pamersky, Pamirsky or Tajik National Park) is a national park and nature reserve in eastern Tajikistan.
The Pamir is a river in Tajikistan and Afghanistan.
The Panj River (د پنج سیند) (Панҷ, پنج), also known as Pyandzh River or Pyanj River (derived from its Russian name "Пяндж"), is a tributary of the Amu Darya.
Parthia (𐎱𐎼𐎰𐎺 Parθava; 𐭐𐭓𐭕𐭅 Parθaw; 𐭯𐭫𐭮𐭥𐭡𐭥 Pahlaw) is a historical region located in north-eastern Iran.
Patkhor Peak (also Patkhur, Паххор) is a mountain in Tajikistan's Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.
Korzhenevskaya Peak is the third highest peak in the Pamir Mountains of Tajikistan.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
Peter I Range, Peter the First Range or Peter the Great Range (Хребет Петра I or Хребет Петра Первого) is a mountain range in Tajikistan, part of the Pamir Mountain System.
The polar regions, also called the frigid zones, of Earth are the regions of the planet that surround its geographical poles (the North and South Poles), lying within the polar circles.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
Putyata (Russian: Путята) was the first tysyatsky of Novgorod whose name is found in Slavonic chronicles.
Roof of the World is a metaphoric description of the high region in the world, also known as "High Asia".
Shakhdara Range (Шахдаринский хребет) is a mountain range in Tajikistan, part of the Pamir Mountain System.
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammal typically kept as livestock.
The Siachen Glacier (Hindi: सियाचिन ग्लेशियर, Urdu: سیاچن گلیشیر) is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about, just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan ends.
Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.
The Silk Road was an ancient network of trade routes that connected the East and West.
Snow refers to forms of ice crystals that precipitate from the atmosphere (usually from clouds) and undergo changes on the Earth's surface.
Soviet Central Asia refers to the section of Central Asia formerly controlled by the Soviet Union, as well as the time period of Soviet administration (1918–1991).
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Sulayman Mountain (also known as Taht-I-Suleiman, Sulayman Rock or Sulayman Throne) is the only World Heritage Site located entirely in the country of Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyzstan shares the Tian-Shan Silk Road Site with China and Kazakhstan).
Summer is the hottest of the four temperate seasons, falling after spring and before autumn.
Taghdumbash Pamir or Taxkorgan Valley is a pamir or high valley in the south west of Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County, in Xinjiang, China.
Tajikistan (or; Тоҷикистон), officially the Republic of Tajikistan (Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон, Jumhuriyi Tojikiston), is a mountainous, landlocked country in Central Asia with an estimated population of million people as of, and an area of.
The Tajikistani Civil War (Ҷанги шаҳрвандии Тоҷикистон, Jangi şahrvandi‘i Tojikiston/Çangi şahrvandiji Toçikiston); also known as the Tajik Civil War or the War in Tajikistan, began in May 1992 when regional groups from the Garm and Gorno-Badakhshan regions of Tajikistan rose up against the government of President Rahmon Nabiyev, which was dominated by people from the Khujand and Kulyab regions.
Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County (sometimes spelled Tashkurgan or Tashkorgan) is a county of Kashgar Prefecture in western Xinjiang, China.
The Taymyr Peninsula (italic) is a peninsula in the Far North of Russia, in the Siberian Federal District, that forms the northernmost part of the mainland of Eurasia.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Tian Shan,, also known as the Tengri Tagh, meaning the Mountains of Heaven or the Heavenly Mountain, is a large system of mountain ranges located in Central Asia.
The Trans-Alay Range (Чоң Алай кырка тоосу, Chon Alai Krka Toosu; Заалайский хребет, Zaalaisky Khrebet; also 'Trans Alai') is the northernmost range of the Pamir Mountain System.
In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
The Uyghur or Uighur language (Уйғур тили, Uyghur tili, Uyƣur tili or, Уйғурчә, Uyghurche, Uyƣurqə), formerly known as Eastern Turki, is a Turkic language with 10 to 25 million speakers, spoken primarily by the Uyghur people in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of Western China.
Wakhan or "the Wakhan" (also spelt Vakhan; Persian and واخان, Vâxân and Wāxān respectively; Вахон, Vaxon) is a very mountainous and rugged part of the Pamir, Hindu Kush and Karakoram regions of Afghanistan.
The Wakhan Corridor (واخان دهلېز Wāxān Dahléz, دالان واخان) is a narrow strip of territory in northeastern Afghanistan that extends to China and separates Tajikistan from Pakistan.
Wilhelm Filchner (13 September 1877 – 7 May 1957) was a German explorer.
Winter is the coldest season of the year in polar and temperate zones (winter does not occur in the tropical zone).
Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, China.
Xiao'erjing or Xiao'erjin or Xiaor jin or in its shortened form, Xiaojing, literally meaning "children's script" or "minor script" (cf. "original script" referring to the original Perso-Arabic script,, Xiao'erjing: بٌکٍْ; Бынҗин, Вьnⱬin), is the practice of writing Sinitic languages such as Mandarin (especially the Lanyin, Zhongyuan and Northeastern dialects) or the Dungan language in the Perso-Arabic script.
Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى; SASM/GNC: Xinjang Uyĝur Aptonom Rayoni; p) is a provincial-level autonomous region of China in the northwest of the country.
The Yarkand River is a river in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of western China.
Yarkant County or Yeken County (lit. Cliff cityP. Lurje, “”, Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition) is a county in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China, located on the southern rim of the Taklamakan desert in the Tarim Basin.
Yazgulem Range (Язгулемский хребет) is a mountain range of the western Pamir Mountains.
Zhang Qian (d. 113) was a Chinese official and diplomat who served as an imperial envoy to the world outside of China in the 2nd century BC, during the time of the Han dynasty.
Zorkul (or Sir-i-kol) is a lake in the Pamir Mountains that runs along the border between Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
The 1991 Sino-Soviet Border Agreement was a treaty between China and the Soviet Union that set up demarcation work to resolve most of the border disputes between the two states.