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Panama (Panamá), officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. [1]

371 relations: Acts of Union 1707, Adaptive immune system, Afro-Panamanian, Alaska, Almirante, Bocas del Toro, Alonso Edward, Amelia Denis de Icaza, American football, Andes, Andrea Ferris, Anglicanism, Anselmo Moreno, Appliqué, Archaeological site, Armando Dely Valdés, Arnulfo Arias, Art of Europe, Association football, Atlantic slave trade, Azuero Peninsula, Bahá'í Faith, Balboa, Panama, Bank, Barriles, Basel III, Bay of San Miguel, Bayano, BBC News, Belgium national football team, Blas Pérez, Blues, BMX, Bocas del Toro Province, Bogotá, Bokota people, Bribri people, Bruce Chen, Buddhism, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Cambric, Cape Horn, Capital gain, Caribbean Sea, Carlos Francisco Chang Marín, Carlos Lee, Carlos Ruiz (baseball), Carolena Carstens, Cassava, Catholic Church, Central America, ..., Ceviche, Chagres River, Charco Azul, Chibchan languages, Chinese people, Chiriquí Grande, Chiriquí Province, Choco languages, Choker, Christopher Columbus, Cimarron people (Panama), Coclé Province, Colón Free Trade Zone, Colón Province, Colón, Panama, Colombia, Colombian peso, Comarca Emberá-Wounaan, Compas, Compulsory education, Constitution of Panama, Consumer price index, Contadora group, Continental divide, Contras, Cooking banana, Cordillera Central (Costa Rica), Cordillera de Talamanca, Corregimientos of Panama, Costa Rica, Cristóbal, Colón, Cross-genre, Cueva people, Culture of Africa, Culture of Europe, Currency substitution, Darío Herrera, Darién Gap, Darién Province, Darien scheme, Deforestation, Demetrio B. Lakas, Democratic Revolutionary Party, Demographics of Panama, Departments of Colombia, Diego Castillo (swimmer), Districts of Panama, Diurnal temperature variation, Eastern Time Zone, Ecuador, El Chorrillo, Elsevier, Embera-Wounaan, Emberá, Encomienda, England national football team, Ernesto Pérez Balladares, Ethnic Chinese in Panama, Ethnic groups in Europe, Eusebio Pedroza, Executive (government), Felipe Baloy, Fixed exchange-rate system, Flag football, Francis Drake, Gantry crane, Gaspar de Espinosa, Gatun Dam, Gatun Lake, Gloria Guardia, Golf, Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés, Gran Coclé, Gran Colombia, Gross domestic product, Group of 77, Guaymí language, Guerrilla warfare, Guillermo Endara, Guillermo Ford, Guillermo Jones, Guna people, Guna Yala, Harlem Globetrotters, Harold Cummings, Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty, Hay–Herrán Treaty, Head of government, Head of state, Hegemony, Henry Morgan, Herrera Province, Himno Istmeño, Hindu, Hockey, Hostage, Hugo Spadafora, Human Development Index, Human Rights Watch, Hydroelectricity, Income tax, Independence, Index of Panama-related articles, India, Indigenous peoples of Panama, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Infection, Inflation, International Boxing Hall of Fame, International Emergency Economic Powers Act, International Monetary Fund, Irving Saladino, Isabel Saint Malo, Islam, Islam in Panama, Ismael Laguna, ISO 4217, Isthmus of Panama, Jaime Penedo, Jazz, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jews, John Oxenham, Jorge Dely Valdés, José Domingo Arias, José Luis Rodríguez Pittí, Juan Carlos Varela, Judiciary, Julio Dely Valdés, Jungle, Jurisdiction, Kevin Daley, Kingdom of Scotland, Kuna de Wargandí, Kuna language, La Palma, Latin American Integration Association, Latin Business Chronicle, Legal tender, Legislature, Liberal democracy, Library of Congress, Liga Panameña de Fútbol, List of airports in Panama, List of countries and dependencies by area, List of countries by Human Development Index, List of current world boxing champions, List of heads of state of Panama, List of Major League Baseball players from Panama, Los Santos Province, Luis Ernesto Tapia, Luis Tejada, Madungandí, Maize, Mangrove swamp, Manny Sanguillén, Mantilla, Manuel Noriega, Mariano Rivera, Mario Butler, Martín Torrijos, Mestizo, Mireya Moscoso, Mola (art form), Monagrillo (archaeological site), Money laundering, Monolith, Mosque, Mulatto, Multi-party system, Naso people, National Assembly (Panama), National Geographic Society, National Institute of Statistics and Census of Panama, New World, Ngäbe, Ngäbe-Buglé Comarca, Nicolás Ardito Barletta Vallarino, Nombre de Dios, Colón, Non-Aligned Movement, Oidor, Oil tanker, Oligarchy, Omar Torrijos, Organization of American States, Outline of Panama, Pacific Ocean, Paleo-Indians, Pan-American Highway, Panama Al Brown, Panama Canal, Panama Canal Authority, Panama Canal Zone, Panama City, Panama national baseball team, Panama national football team, Panama Papers, Panama–United States Trade Promotion Agreement, Panamanian balboa, Panamanian general election, 2014, Panamanian Professional Baseball League, Panamanian Public Forces, Panamanian Spanish, Panamanians, Panamax, Panamá District, Panamá Oeste Province, Panamá Province, Panamá Viejo, Patagonia, Pedro Arias Dávila, People's Party (Panama), Petticoat, Pollera, Pom-pom, Port of Santos, Portobelo, Colón, Postage stamps and postal history of Panama, Postage stamps and postal history of the Canal Zone, Pottery, Presidential system, Privateer, Programme for International Student Assessment, Projectile point, Protestantism, Province, Public domain, Quito, Rain, Rainforest, Ramsey Clark, Rastafari, Real Audiencia of Panama, Real gross domestic product, Reggae, Reggae en Español, Reggaeton, Representative democracy, Republic, Reservoir, Revenue, Ricardo Arias Calderón, Ricardo Martinelli, Ricardo Miró, Rice, Roberto Durán, Rock music, Rod Carew, Rodrigo de Bastidas, Rolando Blackman, Rolando Frazer, Román Torres, Rommel Fernández, Ronald Reagan, Rubén Darío Paredes, Rugby football, Salsa music, San Blas Islands, Senate of Colombia, Separation of Panama from Colombia, Seventh-day Adventist Church, Shanty town, Skateboarding, Social Science Research Network, Society of Jesus, Softball, Spain, Spanish American wars of independence, Spanish Empire, State school, Sterculia apetala, Surfing, Taekwondo, Tamborito, Tax haven, Telephone numbers in Panama, Tennis, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The World Factbook, Thousand Days' War, Tocumen International Airport, Torrijos–Carter Treaties, Traffic congestion, Trans-Panama pipeline, Triathlon, Tuira River, Tunisia national football team, Twenty-foot equivalent unit, Unemployment, Unitary state, United Nations, United Nations Charter, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, United Nations General Assembly, United Nations Security Council, United States Army Corps of Engineers, United States Department of State, United States dollar, United States invasion of Panama, Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Venezuela, Veraguas Province, Vice President of Panama, Viceroyalty of New Granada, Viceroyalty of Peru, Volcán Barú, Volleyball, Water supply and sanitation in Panama, Western Hemisphere, Wheat, Wood carving, World Bank, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization, .pa, 10th parallel north, 2012 Summer Olympics, 2018 FIFA World Cup, 77th meridian west, 7th parallel north, 83rd meridian west. Expand index (321 more) »

Acts of Union 1707

The Acts of Union were two Acts of Parliament: the Union with Scotland Act 1706 passed by the Parliament of England, and the Union with England Act passed in 1707 by the Parliament of Scotland.

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Adaptive immune system

The adaptive immune system, also known as the acquired immune system or, more rarely, as the specific immune system, is a subsystem of the overall immune system that is composed of highly specialized, systemic cells and processes that eliminate pathogens or prevent their growth.

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Afro-Panamanian

Afro-Panamanians are Panamanians of African descent.

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Alaska

Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.

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Almirante, Bocas del Toro

Almirante is a city in Bocas del Toro Province in the Republic of Panama.

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Alonso Edward

Alonso Reno Edward Henry (born 8 December 1989), commonly known as Alonso Edward, is a Panamanian sprinter who specialises in the 100 and 200 metres.

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Amelia Denis de Icaza

Amelia Denis de Icaza (November 28, 1836 – July 16, 1911) was a Panamanian romantic poet.

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American football

American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.

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Andes

The Andes or Andean Mountains (Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world.

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Andrea Ferris

Andrea Ferris (born 21 September 1987 in La Chorrera) is a Panamanian middle-distance runner.

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Anglicanism

Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.

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Anselmo Moreno

Anselmo Moreno (born June 28, 1985) is a Panamanian former professional boxer who competed from 2002 to 2017.

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Appliqué

Appliqué is ornamental needlework in which pieces of fabric in different shapes and patterns are sewn or stuck onto a larger piece to form a picture or pattern.

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Archaeological site

An archaeological site is a place (or group of physical sites) in which evidence of past activity is preserved (either prehistoric or historic or contemporary), and which has been, or may be, investigated using the discipline of archaeology and represents a part of the archaeological record.

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Armando Dely Valdés

Armando Javier Dely Valdés (5 January 1964 – 17 August 2004) was a Panamanian footballer who played as a forward.

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Arnulfo Arias

Arnulfo Arias Madrid (15 August 1901 – 10 August 1988) was a Panamanian politician, doctor, writer, and President of Panama on three occasions: 1940–41, 1949–51, and for 11 days in October 1968.

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Art of Europe

The art of Europe, or Western art, encompasses the history of visual art in Europe.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Atlantic slave trade

The Atlantic slave trade or transatlantic slave trade involved the transportation by slave traders of enslaved African people, mainly to the Americas.

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Azuero Peninsula

Azuero Peninsula (Península de Azuero) is a large peninsula in southern Panama.

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Bahá'í Faith

The Bahá'í Faith (بهائی) is a religion teaching the essential worth of all religions, and the unity and equality of all people.

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Balboa, Panama

Balboa is a district of Panama City, located at the Pacific entrance to the Panama Canal.

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Bank

A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates credit.

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Barriles

Barriles (known also as Sitio Barriles or by the designation BU-24), is one of the most famous archaeological sites in Panama.

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Basel III

Basel III (or the Third Basel Accord or Basel Standards) is a global, voluntary regulatory framework on bank capital adequacy, stress testing, and market liquidity risk.

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Bay of San Miguel

The Bay of San Miguel is a bay of the Gulf of Panama, located on the Pacific coast of Darién Province in eastern Panama.

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Bayano

Bayano, also known as Ballano or Vaino, was an African enslaved by Spaniards who led the biggest slave revolts of 16th century Panama.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Belgium national football team

The Belgian national football team has officially represented Belgium in association football since their maiden match in 1904.

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Blas Pérez

Blas Antonio Miguel Pérez Ortega (born 13 March 1981) is a Panamanian footballer who plays as a forward for Guatemalan club Municipal and the Panama national team.

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Blues

Blues is a music genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century.

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BMX

BMX, an abbreviation for bicycle motocross or bike motocross, is a cycle sport performed on BMX bikes, either in competitive BMX racing or freestyle BMX, or else in general on- or off-road recreation.

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Bocas del Toro Province

Bocas del Toro (meaning "Mouths of the Bull") is a province of Panama.

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Bogotá

Bogotá, officially Bogotá, Distrito Capital, abbreviated Bogotá, D.C., and formerly known as Santafé de Bogotá between 1991 and 2000, is the capital and largest city of Colombia, administered as the Capital District, although often thought of as part of Cundinamarca.

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Bokota people

The Bokota people, also called Bogotá or Bugleres, are an Amerindian ethnical group in Panama.

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Bribri people

The Bribri are an indigenous people of Costa Rica.

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Bruce Chen

Bruce Kastulo Chen (born June 19, 1977) is a Panamanian former professional baseball pitcher.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor

The Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor Affairs (DRL) is a bureau within the United States Department of State.

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Cambric

Cambric, or batiste, one of the finest and most dense kinds of cloth, is a lightweight plain-weave cloth, originally from the French commune of Cambrai, woven in greige, then bleached, piece-dyed and often glazed or calendered.

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Cape Horn

Cape Horn (Cabo de Hornos) is the southernmost headland of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago of southern Chile, and is located on the small Hornos Island.

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Capital gain

A capital gain refers to profit that results from a sale of a capital asset, such as stock, bond or real estate, where the sale price exceeds the purchase price.

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Caribbean Sea

The Caribbean Sea (Mar Caribe; Mer des Caraïbes; Caraïbische Zee) is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean in the tropics of the Western Hemisphere.

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Carlos Francisco Chang Marín

Carlos Francisco Chang Marín or Changmarín (Los Leones, Santiago de Veraguas, February 26, 1922 - Panama City, December 5, 2012) was a Panamanian folklorist, painter, musician, journalist, activist and writer of poetry, essays and children's literature.

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Carlos Lee

Carlos Noriel Lee (born June 20, 1976) is a former professional baseball first baseman and left fielder who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1999–2012 with the Chicago White Sox, Milwaukee Brewers, Texas Rangers, Houston Astros and Miami Marlins.

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Carlos Ruiz (baseball)

Carlos Joaquín "Chooch" Ruiz (born January 22, 1979) is a Panamanian professional baseball player who is a free agent.

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Carolena Carstens

Carolena Jean Carstens Salceda (born January 18, 1996 in Winfield, Illinois, United States) is a taekwondo practitioner representing Panama.

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Cassava

Manihot esculenta, commonly called cassava, manioc, yuca, mandioca and Brazilian arrowroot, is a woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Central America

Central America (América Central, Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with the South American continent on the southeast.

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Ceviche

Ceviche, also cebiche, seviche or sebiche, is a seafood dish popular in the Pacific coastal regions of Latin America.

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Chagres River

The Chagres River, in central Panama, is the largest river in the Panama Canal's watershed.

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Charco Azul

Charco Azul is a bay and port just outside Puerto Armuelles, in the southwest corner of Panama near the border with Costa Rica.

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Chibchan languages

The Chibchan languages (also Chibchan, Chibchano) make up a language family indigenous to the Isthmo-Colombian Area, which extends from eastern Honduras to northern Colombia and includes populations of these countries as well as Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama.

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Chinese people

Chinese people are the various individuals or ethnic groups associated with China, usually through ancestry, ethnicity, nationality, citizenship or other affiliation.

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Chiriquí Grande

Chiriquí Grande is a corregimiento in Chiriquí Grande District, Bocas del Toro Province, Panama.

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Chiriquí Province

Chiriquí is a province of Panama located on the western coast; it is the second most-developed province in the country, after the Panamá Province.

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Choco languages

The Choco languages (also Chocoan, Chocó, Chokó) are a small family of Native American languages spread across Colombia and Panama.

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Choker

A choker is a close-fitting necklace worn around the neck.

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Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus (before 31 October 145120 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer.

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Cimarron people (Panama)

The Cimarrons in Panama were enslaved Africans who had escaped from their Spanish masters and lived together as outlaws.

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Coclé Province

Coclé is a province of central Panama on the nation's southern coast.

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Colón Free Trade Zone

The Colón Free Trade Zone is a large entity near the Atlantic entrance to the Panama Canal, located in Panama dedicated to re-exporting a wide variety of merchandise to Latin America and the Caribbean.

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Colón Province

Colón is a province of Panama.

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Colón, Panama

Colón is a Panamanian city and sea port beside the Caribbean Sea, lying near the Atlantic entrance to the Panama Canal.

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Colombia

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.

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Colombian peso

The peso is the currency of Colombia.

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Comarca Emberá-Wounaan

Emberá is a comarca indígena (indigenous territory) in eastern Panama.

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Compas

Compas (konpa), or kompa, is a dance music and modern méringue in Haiti with African roots.

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Compulsory education

Compulsory education refers to a period of education that is required of all people and is imposed by government.

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Constitution of Panama

Panama is governed under the Constitution of Panama of 1972 as amended in 1978, 1983, 1993, 1994, and 2004.

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Consumer price index

A consumer price index (CPI) measures changes in the price level of of and purchased by households.

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Contadora group

The Contadora Group was an initiative launched in the early 1980s by the foreign ministers of Colombia, Mexico, Panama and Venezuela to deal with the Central American crisis (military conflicts in El Salvador, Nicaragua and Guatemala), which were threatening to destabilize the entire Central American region.

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Continental divide

A continental divide is a drainage divide on a continent such that the drainage basin on one side of the divide feeds into one ocean or sea, and the basin on the other side either feeds into a different ocean or sea, or else is endorheic, not connected to the open sea.

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Contras

The Contras were the various U.S.-backed and funded right-wing rebel groups that were active from 1979 to the early 1990s in opposition to the socialist Sandinista Junta of National Reconstruction government in Nicaragua.

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Cooking banana

Cooking bananas are banana cultivars in the genus Musa whose fruits are generally used in cooking.

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Cordillera Central (Costa Rica)

The Cordillera Central is a volcanic mountain range in central Costa Rica which continues from the Continental Divide to east of Cordillera de Tilarán.

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Cordillera de Talamanca

The Cordillera de Talamanca is a mountain range that lies on the southeast half of Costa Rica and the far west of Panama.

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Corregimientos of Panama

In Panama, a corregimiento is a subdivision of a district, which in turn is a subdivision of a province.

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Costa Rica

Costa Rica ("Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.

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Cristóbal, Colón

Cristóbal is a port town and county in Colón District, Colón Province, Panama with a population of 49,422 as of 2010.

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Cross-genre

A cross-genre (or hybrid genre) is a genre in fiction that blends themes and elements from two or more different genres.

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Cueva people

The Cueva were an indigenous people who lived in the Darién region of eastern Panama.

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Culture of Africa

The culture of Africa is varied and manifold, consisting of a mixture of countries with various tribes that each have their own unique characteristics from the continent of Africa.

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Culture of Europe

The culture of Europe is rooted in the art, architecture, music, literature, and philosophy that originated from the continent of Europe.

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Currency substitution

Currency substitution, dollarization, or elminting (from el-, meaning foreign) is the use of a foreign currency in parallel to or instead of the domestic currency.

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Darío Herrera

Darío Herrera (1870-1914) was a Panamanian Modernismo poet and diplomat.

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Darién Gap

The Darién Gap is a break in the Pan-American Highway consisting of a large swath of undeveloped swampland and forest within Panama's Darién Province in Central America and the northern portion of Colombia's Chocó Department in South America.

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Darién Province

Darién is a province in Panama whose capital city is La Palma.

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Darien scheme

The Darien scheme was an unsuccessful attempt by the Kingdom of Scotland to become a world trading nation by establishing a colony called "Caledonia" on the Isthmus of Panama on the Gulf of Darién in the late 1690s.

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Deforestation

Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.

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Demetrio B. Lakas

Demetrio Basilio Lakas Bahas (August 29, 1925 in Colón, PanamaNovember 2, 1999 in Panama City) is 27th President of Panama from December 19, 1969 to October 11, 1978.

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Democratic Revolutionary Party

The Democratic Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario Democrático, PRD) is a political party in Panama founded in 1979 by General Omar Torrijos.

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Demographics of Panama

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Panama, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

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Departments of Colombia

Colombia is a unitary republic made up of thirty-two departments (Spanish: departamentos, sing. departamento) and a Capital District (Distrito Capital).

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Diego Castillo (swimmer)

Diego Jésus Castillo Granados (born July 5, 1991) is a Panamanian swimmer.

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Districts of Panama

The provinces of Panama and some of the comarcas are divided into districts (distrito).

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Diurnal temperature variation

In meteorology, diurnal temperature variation is the variation between a high temperature and a low temperature that occurs during the same day.

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Eastern Time Zone

The Eastern Time Zone (ET) is a time zone encompassing 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States, parts of eastern Canada, the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico, Panama in Central America, and the Caribbean Islands.

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Ecuador

Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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El Chorrillo

El Chorrillo is a corregimiento within Panama City, in Panamá District, Panamá Province, Panama with a population of 18,302 as of 2010.

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Elsevier

Elsevier is an information and analytics company and one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information.

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Embera-Wounaan

The Embera–Wounaan are a semi-nomadic indigenous people in Panama living in Darién Province on the shores of the Chucunaque, Sambú, Tuira Rivers and its water ways.

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Emberá

The Emberá, also known in the historical literature as the Chocó or Katío Indians are an indigenous people of Panama and Colombia.

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Encomienda

Encomienda was a labor system in Spain and its empire.

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England national football team

The England national football team represents England in international football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England.

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Ernesto Pérez Balladares

Ernesto Pérez Balladares González-Revilla (born June 29, 1946), nicknamed El Toro ("The Bull"), was the President of Panama between 1994 and 1999.

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Ethnic Chinese in Panama

Ethnic Chinese in Panama, also variously referred to as Chinese-Panamanians, Panamanian-Chinese, Panama Chinese, or in Spanish as sino-panameños, are Panamanian citizens and residents of Chinese origin or descent.

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Ethnic groups in Europe

The Indigenous peoples of Europe are the focus of European ethnology, the field of anthropology related to the various indigenous groups that reside in the nations of Europe.

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Eusebio Pedroza

Eusebio Pedroza (born March 2, 1953) is a retired boxer from Panama who held the WBA and lineal featherweight championship from 1978 to 1985.

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Executive (government)

The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.

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Felipe Baloy

Felipe Abdiel Baloy Ramírez (born 24 February 1981, in Panama City) is a Panamanian professional footballer who plays as a defender for Guatemalan club Municipal and is a ex-player the Panama national team.

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Fixed exchange-rate system

A fixed exchange rate, sometimes called a pegged exchange rate, is a type of exchange rate regime where a currency's value is fixed against either the value of another single currency, to a basket of other currencies, or to another measure of value, such as gold.

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Flag football

Flag football is a version of American football where the basic rules of the game are similar to those of the mainstream game (often called "tackle football" for contrast), but instead of tackling players to the ground, the defensive team must remove a flag or flag belt from the ball carrier ("deflagging") to end a down, and contact is not permitted between players which will result in a penalty for the team that initiates it.

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Francis Drake

Sir Francis Drake (– 28 January 1596) was an English sea captain, privateer, slave trader, naval officer and explorer of the Elizabethan era.

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Gantry crane

A gantry crane is a crane built atop a gantry, which is a structure used to straddle an object or workspace.

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Gaspar de Espinosa

Gaspar de Espinosa y Luna (Medina de Rio Seco, Spain, 1484 - Cuzco, Peru, 14 February 1537) was an explorer, conquistador and Spanish politician.

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Gatun Dam

The Gatun Dam is a large earthen dam across the Chagres River in Panama, near the town of Gatun.

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Gatun Lake

Gatun Lake (Lago Gatún) is a large artificial lake to the south of Colón, Panama.

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Gloria Guardia

Gloria Guardia (born 1940) is a distinguished Panamanian novelist, essayist and journalist whose works have received important recognition in Latin America, Europe, Australia and Japan.

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Golf

Golf is a club-and-ball sport in which players use various clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strokes as possible.

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Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés

Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés (August 14781557) was a Spanish historian and writer.

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Gran Coclé

Gran Coclé is an archaeological culture area of the so-called Intermediate Area in pre-Columbian Central America.

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Gran Colombia

Gran Colombia ("Great Colombia") is a name used today for the state that encompassed much of northern South America and part of southern Central America from 1819 to 1831.

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Gross domestic product

Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.

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Group of 77

The Group of 77 (G77) at the United Nations is a coalition of developing nations, designed to promote its members' collective economic interests and create an enhanced joint negotiating capacity in the United Nations.

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Guaymí language

Guaymí, or Ngäbere, also known as Movere, Chiriquí, and Valiente, is spoken by the indigenous Ngäbe people in Panama and Costa Rica.

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Guerrilla warfare

Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.

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Guillermo Endara

Guillermo David Endara Galimany (May 12, 1936 – September 28, 2009) was President of Panama from 1989 to 1994.

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Guillermo Ford

Guillermo "Billy" Ford Boyd (November 11, 1936 – March 19, 2011) was the Second Vice President of Panama.

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Guillermo Jones

Guillermo Jones (born May 5, 1972) is a Panamanian professional boxer.

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Guna people

The Guna, known as Kuna prior to an orthographic reform in 2010, and historically as Cuna, are an indigenous people of Panama and Colombia.

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Guna Yala

Guna Yala, formerly known as San Blas, is an indigenous province in northeast Panama (Official Gazette of Panama).

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Harlem Globetrotters

The Harlem Globetrotters are an exhibition basketball team.

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Harold Cummings

Harold Oshkaly Cummings Segura (born 1 March 1992 in Panama City) is a Panamanian footballer who currently plays as a defender for the San Jose Earthquakes and Panama national football team.

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Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty

The Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty (Tratado Hay-Bunau Varilla) was a treaty signed on November 18, 1903, by the United States and Panama, which established the Panama Canal Zone and the subsequent construction of the Panama Canal.

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Hay–Herrán Treaty

The Hay–Herrán Treaty was a treaty signed on January 22, 1903, between United States Secretary of State John M. Hay of the United States and Tomás Herrán of Colombia.

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Head of government

A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.

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Head of state

A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.

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Hegemony

Hegemony (or) is the political, economic, or military predominance or control of one state over others.

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Henry Morgan

Sir Henry Morgan (Welsh: Harri Morgan, 1635 – 25 August 1688) was a Welsh privateer, landowner and, later, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica.

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Herrera Province

Herrera is a province in Panama.

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Himno Istmeño

Himno Istmeño (English: Isthmian Hymn) is the national anthem of Panama (Himno Nacional de Panamá).

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Hindu

Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.

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Hockey

Hockey is a sport in which two teams play against each other by trying to maneuver a ball or a puck into the opponent's goal using a hockey stick.

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Hostage

A hostage is a person or entity which is held by one of two belligerent parties to the other or seized as security for the carrying out of an agreement, or as a preventive measure against war.

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Hugo Spadafora

Hugo Spadafora Franco (September 6, 1940 – September 13, 1985) was an Italian and Panamanian physician and guerrilla fighter in Guinea-Bissau and Nicaragua.

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Human Development Index

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic (composite index) of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.

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Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.

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Hydroelectricity

Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower.

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Income tax

An income tax is a tax imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) that varies with respective income or profits (taxable income).

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Independence

Independence is a condition of a nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory.

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Index of Panama-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the Republic of Panamá.

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India

India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Indigenous peoples of Panama

Indigenous peoples of Panama, or Native Panamanians, are the native peoples of Panama.

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Indigenous peoples of the Americas

The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.

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Infection

Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.

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Inflation

In economics, inflation is a sustained increase in price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.

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International Boxing Hall of Fame

The modern International Boxing Hall of Fame, located in Canastota, New York, United States, honors boxers, trainers and other contributors to the sport worldwide.

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International Emergency Economic Powers Act

The International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA), Title II of, is a United States federal law authorizing the President to regulate commerce after declaring a national emergency in response to any unusual and extraordinary threat to the United States which has a foreign source.

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International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.

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Irving Saladino

Irving Jahir Saladino Aranda (born January 23, 1983) is a Panamanian former long jumper.

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Isabel Saint Malo

Isabel Cecilia de Saint Malo García de Alvarado (born 27 June 1968) is a Panamanian politician and the current Vice President of Panama.

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Islam

IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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Islam in Panama

According to a 2009 Pew Research Center report, there are 24,000 Muslims in Panama who constitute 0.7 percent of the population.

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Ismael Laguna

Ismael Laguna Meneses (born June 28, 1943, in Colón, Panama) is a former professional boxer.

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ISO 4217

ISO 4217 is a standard first published by International Organization for Standardization in 1978, which delineates currency designators, country codes (alpha and numeric), and references to minor units in three tables.

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Isthmus of Panama

The Isthmus of Panama (Istmo de Panamá), also historically known as the Isthmus of Darien (Istmo de Darién), is the narrow strip of land that lies between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, linking North and South America.

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Jaime Penedo

Jaime Manuel Penedo Cano (born 26 September 1981) is a Panamanian professional footballer who plays for Romanian club Dinamo București and the Panama national team as a goalkeeper.

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Jazz

Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.

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Jehovah's Witnesses

Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.

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Jews

Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.

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John Oxenham

John Oxenham ("John Oxnam", died) was the first non-Spanish European explorer to cross the Isthmus of Panama in 1575, climbing the coastal cordillera to get to the Pacific Ocean, then referred to by the Spanish as the Mar del Sur ('Southern Sea').

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Jorge Dely Valdés

Jorge Luis Dely Valdés (born March 12, 1967) is a Panamanian former footballer who played as a forward.

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José Domingo Arias

José Domingo Arias Villalaz is a Panamanian economist and politician, and was an unsuccessful candidate in the 2014 presidential elections.

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José Luis Rodríguez Pittí

José Luis Rodríguez Pittí is a contemporary writer, videoartist and documentary photographer.

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Juan Carlos Varela

Juan Carlos Varela Rodríguez (born 13 December 1963) is a Panamanian politician and the President of Panama since 2014.

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Judiciary

The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.

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Julio Dely Valdés

Julio César Dely Valdés (born March 12, 1967) is a Panamanian former footballer who played as a striker.

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Jungle

A jungle is land covered with dense vegetation dominated by trees.

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Jurisdiction

Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority granted to a legal body to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility, e.g., Michigan tax law.

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Kevin Daley

Kevin "Special K" Daley (born in Panama City, Panama on October 7, 1976) was a basketball player in 2005 and 2006 for the Harlem Globetrotters club and the Panama national basketball team.

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Kingdom of Scotland

The Kingdom of Scotland (Rìoghachd na h-Alba; Kinrick o Scotland) was a sovereign state in northwest Europe traditionally said to have been founded in 843.

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Kuna de Wargandí

Guna de Wargandí or Wargandí, formerly known as Kuna de Wargandí is a comarca indígena (indigenous territory) and corregimiento in Pinogana District, Darién Province, Panama with a population of 1,914 as of 2010.

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Kuna language

The Guna language, spoken by the Guna people of Panama and Colombia, belongs to the Chibchan language family.

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La Palma

La Palma, also San Miguel de La Palma, is the most north-westerly island of the Canary Islands, Spain.

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Latin American Integration Association

The Latin American Integration Association / Asociación Latinoamericana de Integración / Associação Latino-Americana de Integração (LAIA / ALADI) is an international and regional scope organization.

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Latin Business Chronicle

Latin Trade Business Intelligence, formerly Latin Business Chronicle (LBC) is a weekly online journal on Latin American business and technology.

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Legal tender

Legal tender is a medium of payment recognized by a legal system to be valid for meeting a financial obligation.

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Legislature

A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.

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Liberal democracy

Liberal democracy is a liberal political ideology and a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of classical liberalism.

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Library of Congress

The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.

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Liga Panameña de Fútbol

The Liga Panameña de Fútbol (Panamanian Football League) is the top tier football league in Panama.

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List of airports in Panama

This is a list of airports in Panama, sorted by location.

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List of countries and dependencies by area

This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area.

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List of countries by Human Development Index

This is a list of all the countries by the Human Development Index as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report.

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List of current world boxing champions

This is a list of current world boxing champions.

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List of heads of state of Panama

This article lists the heads of state of Panama since the short-lived first independence from the Republic of New Granada in 1840 and the final separation from Colombia in 1903.

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List of Major League Baseball players from Panama

This is an alphabetical list of 48 baseball players from Panama who played in Major League Baseball between and.

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Los Santos Province

Los Santos is a province of Panama, reaching from the La Villa river in the North to the Pacific Ocean in the south and east.

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Luis Ernesto Tapia

Luis Ernesto Tapia Pérez (born October 21, 1944 in Panama) is a retired football forward, who is regarded as the best player ever in Panama.

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Luis Tejada

Luis Carlos "Matador" Tejada Hansell (born 28 March 1982) is a Panamanian professional association football striker.

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Madungandí

Guna de Madungandí or Madungandí, formerly known as Kuna de Madugandí is a corregimiento in Chepo District, Panamá Province, Panama with a population of 4,271 as of 2010.

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Maize

Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.

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Mangrove swamp

A mangrove swamp is a distinct saline woodland or shrubland habitat formed by mangrove trees.

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Manny Sanguillén

Manuel De Jesus Sanguillén Magan, better known as Manny Sanguillén or "Sangy" (born March 21, 1944 in Colón, Panama), is a Panamanian former professional baseball player who was a catcher in the Major Leagues.

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Mantilla

A mantilla is a traditional Spanish lace or silk veil or shawl worn over the head and shoulders, often over a high comb called a peineta, popular with women in Spain.

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Manuel Noriega

Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno (February 11, 1934 – May 29, 2017) was a Panamanian politician and military officer who was the de facto ruler of Panama from 1983 to 1989.

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Mariano Rivera

Mariano Rivera (born November 29, 1969) is a Panamanian-American former professional baseball pitcher who played 19 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Yankees, from 1995 to 2013.

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Mario Butler

Mario Alberto Butler Graham (born January 15, 1957) is a Panamanian retired professional basketball player.

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Martín Torrijos

Martín Erasto Torrijos Espino (born July 18, 1963) is a Panamanian politician who was President of Panama from 2004 to 2009.

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Mestizo

Mestizo is a term traditionally used in Spain, Latin America, and the Philippines that originally referred a person of combined European and Native American descent, regardless of where the person was born.

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Mireya Moscoso

Mireya Elisa Moscoso Rodríguez de Arias (born July 1, 1946) was Panama's first female president, serving from 1999 to 2004.

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Mola (art form)

The mola, or molas, is a handmade stuff that forms part of the traditional women's clothing of the Guna people.

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Monagrillo (archaeological site)

Monagrillo (also known as He-5) is an archaeological site in south-central Panama with ceramics that have been shown by radiocarbon dating to have an occupation range of about 2500 BC—1200 BC.

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Money laundering

Money laundering is the act of concealing the transformation of profits from illegal activities and corruption into ostensibly "legitimate" assets.

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Monolith

A monolith is a geological feature consisting of a single massive stone or rock, such as some mountains, or a single large piece of rock placed as, or within, a monument or building.

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Mosque

A mosque (from masjid) is a place of worship for Muslims.

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Mulatto

Mulatto is a term used to refer to people born of one white parent and one black parent or to people born of a mulatto parent or parents.

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Multi-party system

A multi-party system is a system in which multiple political parties across the political spectrum run for national election, and all have the capacity to gain control of government offices, separately or in coalition.

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Naso people

The Naso or Teribe people (also Tjër Di) are an indigenous people of Panama and Costa Rica.

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National Assembly (Panama)

The National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional), formerly the Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa), is the legislative branch of the government of the Republic of Panama.

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National Geographic Society

The National Geographic Society (NGS), headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world.

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National Institute of Statistics and Census of Panama

The National Statistics and Censuses Institute (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censo, INEC) is the Panamanian government agency responsible for the collection and processing of statistical data.

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New World

The New World is one of the names used for the majority of Earth's Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).

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Ngäbe

The Ngäbe or Guaymí are an indigenous people within the territories of present-day Panama and Costa Rica in Central America.

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Ngäbe-Buglé Comarca

Ngäbe-Buglé is the largest and most populous of Panama's three comarcas indígenas.

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Nicolás Ardito Barletta Vallarino

Nicolás Ardito Barletta Vallarino (born 21 August 1938 in Aguadulce, in the province of Coclé) was President of Panama from 11 October 1984, to 28 September 1985, running as the candidate of the Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD) in the contested elections of 1984.

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Nombre de Dios, Colón

Nombre de Dios is a city and corregimiento in Santa Isabel District, Colón Province, Panama, on the Atlantic coast of Panama in the Colón Province.

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Non-Aligned Movement

The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.

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Oidor

An oidor was a judge of the Royal ''Audiencias'' and ''Chancillerías'', originally courts of Kingdom of Castile, which became the highest organs of justice within the Spanish Empire.

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Oil tanker

An oil tanker, also known as a petroleum tanker, is a ship designed for the bulk transport of oil or its products.

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Oligarchy

Oligarchy is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people.

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Omar Torrijos

Omar Efraín Torrijos Herrera (February 13, 1929 – July 31, 1981), more commonly known as Omar Torrijos, was the Commander of the Panamanian and National Guard and the de facto dictator of Panama from 1968 to 1981.

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Organization of American States

The Organization of American States (Organización de los Estados Americanos, Organização dos Estados Americanos, Organisation des États américains), or the OAS or OEA, is a continental organization that was founded on 30 April 1948, for the purposes of regional solidarity and cooperation among its member states.

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Outline of Panama

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Panama: Panama – sovereign country located on the Isthmus of Panama in Central America.

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Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.

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Paleo-Indians

Paleo-Indians, Paleoindians or Paleoamericans is a classification term given to the first peoples who entered, and subsequently inhabited, the Americas during the final glacial episodes of the late Pleistocene period.

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Pan-American Highway

The Pan-American Highway is a network of roads measuring about in total length.

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Panama Al Brown

Alfonso Teofilo Brown (1902–1951), better known as Panama Al Brown, was a bantamweight boxer from Panama who made history by becoming boxing's first Hispanic world champion.

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Panama Canal

The Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá) is an artificial waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.

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Panama Canal Authority

The Panama Canal Authority (Autoridad del Canal de Panamá (ACP)) is the agency of the government of Panama responsible for the operation and management of the Panama Canal.

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Panama Canal Zone

The Panama Canal Zone (Zona del Canal de Panamá) was an unincorporated territory of the United States from 1903 to 1979, centered on the Panama Canal and surrounded by the Republic of Panama.

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Panama City

Panama City (Ciudad de Panamá) is the capital and largest city of Panama.

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Panama national baseball team

The Panama national baseball team is the national team of Panama.

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Panama national football team

The Panama national football team (Selección de fútbol de Panamá) is governed by the governing body for football in Panama, Panamanian Football Federation, which is a member of CONCACAF and the regional UNCAF.

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Panama Papers

The Panama Papers are 11.5 million leaked documents that detail financial and attorney–client information for more than 214,488 offshore entities.

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Panama–United States Trade Promotion Agreement

The Panama–United States Trade Promotion Agreement (Spanish: Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Panamá y Estados Unidos or TLC) is a bilateral free trade agreement between Panama and the United States that has been in effect since October 2012.

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Panamanian balboa

The balboa (sign: B/.; ISO 4217: PAB) is, along with the United States dollar, one of the official currencies of Panama.

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Panamanian general election, 2014

General elections were held in Panama on 4 May 2014.

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Panamanian Professional Baseball League

The Panamanian Professional Baseball League (Béisbol Profesional de Panamá), currently known as Probeis, is a winter professional baseball league consisting of four teams.

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Panamanian Public Forces

The Panamanian Public Forces (Fuerza Pública de la República de Panamá) are the national security forces of Panama.

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Panamanian Spanish

Panamanian Spanish is the Spanish (Castilian) language as spoken in the country of Panama.

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Panamanians

Panamanian people or Panamanians are the inhabitants or citizens of Panama.

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Panamax

Panamax and New Panamax (or Neopanamax) are terms for the size limits for ships travelling through the Panama Canal.

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Panamá District

Panamá District is a district (distrito) of Panamá Province in Panama.

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Panamá Oeste Province

Panamá Oeste ("West Panama" in English) is the newest province in Panama.

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Panamá Province

Panamá is a province of Panama.

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Panamá Viejo

Panamá Viejo, also known as Panamá la Vieja, is the remaining part of the old Panama City and former capital of the country.

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Patagonia

Patagonia is a sparsely populated region located at the southern end of South America, shared by Argentina and Chile.

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Pedro Arias Dávila

Pedro Arias de Ávila (c. 1440 - March 6, 1531) (often Pedrarias Dávila) was a Spanish soldier and colonial administrator.

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People's Party (Panama)

The People's Party (Partido Popular, until 2001 the Christian Democratic Party of Panama) is a Panamanian Christian democratic political party.

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Petticoat

A petticoat or underskirt is an article of clothing, a type of undergarment worn under a skirt or a dress.

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Pollera

A pollera is a Spanish term for a big one-piece skirt used mostly in traditional festivities and folklore throughout Spanish-speaking Latin America.

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Pom-pom

A pom-pom – also spelled pom-pon, pompom or pompon – is a decorative ball or tuft of fibrous material.

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Port of Santos

The Port of Santos (in Portuguese: Porto de Santos) is located in the city of Santos, state of São Paulo, Brazil.

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Portobelo, Colón

Portobelo (historically Porto Bello in English) is a port city and corregimiento in Portobelo District, Colón Province, Panama with a population of 4,559.

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Postage stamps and postal history of Panama

Panama was formerly a department of Colombia and used overprints of Colombian stamps from 1878 until it gained independence in 1903.

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Postage stamps and postal history of the Canal Zone

Postage stamps and postal history of the Canal Zone is a subject that covers the postal system, postage stamps used and mail sent to and from the Panama Canal Zone from 1904 up until October 1978, after the United States relinquished its authority of the Zone in compliance with the treaty it reached with Panama.

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Pottery

Pottery is the ceramic material which makes up pottery wares, of which major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain.

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Presidential system

A presidential system is a democratic and republican system of government where a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.

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Privateer

A privateer is a private person or ship that engages in maritime warfare under a commission of war.

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Programme for International Student Assessment

The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is a worldwide study by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in member and non-member nations intended to evaluate educational systems by measuring 15-year-old school pupils' scholastic performance on mathematics, science, and reading.

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Projectile point

In archaeological terms, a projectile point is an object that was hafted to weapon that was capable of being thrown or projected, such as a spear, dart, or arrow, or perhaps used as a knife.

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Protestantism

Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.

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Province

A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state.

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Public domain

The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply.

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Quito

Quito (Kitu; Kitu), formally San Francisco de Quito, is the capital city of Ecuador, and at an elevation of above sea level, it is the second-highest official capital city in the world, after La Paz, and the one which is closest to the equator.

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Rain

Rain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then becomes heavy enough to fall under gravity.

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Rainforest

Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall in the case of tropical rainforests between, and definitions varying by region for temperate rainforests.

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Ramsey Clark

William Ramsey Clark (born December 18, 1927) is an American lawyer, activist and former federal government official.

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Rastafari

Rastafari, sometimes termed Rastafarianism, is an Abrahamic religion that developed in Jamaica during the 1930s.

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Real Audiencia of Panama

The Real Audiencia and Chancery of Panama in Tierra Firme (Spanish: Audiencia y Cancillería Real de Panamá en Tierrafirme) was a governing body and superior court in the New World empire of Spain.

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Real gross domestic product

Real Gross Domestic Product (real GDP) is a macroeconomic measure of the value of economic output adjusted for price changes (i.e., inflation or deflation).

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Reggae

Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.

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Reggae en Español

Reggae en Español (in English, Spanish Reggae) is reggae and dancehall music recorded in the Spanish language by artists of Latin American origin.

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Reggaeton

Reggaeton (also known as reggaetón and reguetón) is a music genre which originated in Puerto Rico during the late 1990s.

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Representative democracy

Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative republic or psephocracy) is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.

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Republic

A republic (res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.

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Reservoir

A reservoir (from French réservoir – a "tank") is a storage space for fluids.

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Revenue

In accounting, revenue is the income that a business has from its normal business activities, usually from the sale of goods and services to customers.

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Ricardo Arias Calderón

Ricardo Arias Calderón (May 4, 1933 – February 13, 2017) was a Panamanian politician who served as First Vice President from 1989 to 1992.

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Ricardo Martinelli

Ricardo Alberto Martinelli Berrocal, (born March 11, 1952) is a Panamanian politician and businessman who was the 36th President of Panama from 2009 to 2014.

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Ricardo Miró

Ricardo Miró (November 5, 1883 in Panama City, Panama – March 2, 1940), was a Panamanian writer and is considered to be the most noteworthy poet of this country.

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Rice

Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).

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Roberto Durán

Roberto Durán Samaniego (born June 16, 1951) is a Panamanian former professional boxer who competed from 1968 to 2001.

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Rock music

Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States.

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Rod Carew

Rodney Cline Carew (born October 1, 1945) is a former Major League Baseball (MLB) first baseman, second baseman and coach of Panamanian descent.

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Rodrigo de Bastidas

Rodrigo de Bastidas (Triana, Seville, Andalusia, c. 1465 – Santiago de Cuba, Cuba, 28 July 1527) was a Spanish conquistador and explorer who mapped the northern coast of South America, discovered Panama, and founded the city of Santa Marta.

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Rolando Blackman

Rolando Antonio Blackman (born February 26, 1959) is a retired Panamanian-born American professional basketball player.

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Rolando Frazer

Rolando Frazer (born July 3, 1958 in Panama City, Panama) is a former basketball player.

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Román Torres

Román Aureliano Torres Morcillo (born 20 March 1986) is a Panamanian footballer who plays as a defender for Seattle Sounders FC of Major League Soccer.

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Rommel Fernández

Rommel Fernández Gutiérrez (15 January 1966 – 6 May 1993) was a Panamanian footballer who played as a striker.

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Ronald Reagan

Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.

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Rubén Darío Paredes

Rubén Darío Paredes del Río (born 1931) was a Panamanian army officer and the military ruler of Panama from 1982 to 1983.

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Rugby football

Rugby football refers to the team sports rugby league and rugby union.

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Salsa music

Salsa music is a popular dance music that initially arose in New York City during the 1960s.

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San Blas Islands

The San Blas Islands of Panama is an archipelago comprising approximately 365 islands and cays, of which only 49 are inhabited.

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Senate of Colombia

The Senate of the Republic of Colombia (Senado de la República de Colombia) is the upper house of the Congress of Colombia, with the lower house being the House of Representatives.

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Separation of Panama from Colombia

The separation of Panama from Colombia was formalized on 3 November 1903, with the establishment of the Republic of Panama.

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Seventh-day Adventist Church

The Seventh-day Adventist Church is a Protestant Christian denomination distinguished by its observance of Saturday, the seventh day of the week in Christian and Jewish calendars, as the Sabbath, and by its emphasis on the imminent Second Coming (advent) of Jesus Christ.

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Shanty town

A shanty town or squatter area is a settlement of improvised housing which is known as shanties or shacks, made of plywood, corrugated metal, sheets of plastic, and cardboard boxes.

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Skateboarding

Skateboarding is an action sport which involves riding and performing tricks using a skateboard, as well as a recreational activity, an art form, a entertainment industry job, and a method of transportation.

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Social Science Research Network

The Social Science Research Network (SSRN) is a website devoted to the rapid dissemination of scholarly research in the social sciences and humanities.

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Society of Jesus

The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.

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Softball

Softball is a variant of baseball played with a larger ball (11 in. to 12 in. sized ball) on a smaller field.

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Spain

Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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Spanish American wars of independence

The Spanish American wars of independence were the numerous wars against Spanish rule in Spanish America with the aim of political independence that took place during the early 19th century, after the French invasion of Spain during Europe's Napoleonic Wars.

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Spanish Empire

The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español; Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Monarquía Católica) was one of the largest empires in history.

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State school

State schools (also known as public schools outside England and Wales)In England and Wales, some independent schools for 13- to 18-year-olds are known as 'public schools'.

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Sterculia apetala

Sterculia apetala, commonly known as the Panama tree, camoruco, manduvi tree or Anacagüita, is a species of flowering plants in the Malvaceae family.

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Surfing

Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore.

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Taekwondo

Taekwondo (from Korean 태권도, 跆拳道) is a Korean martial art, characterised by its emphasis on head-height kicks, jumping and spinning kicks, and fast kicking techniques.

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Tamborito

El Tamborito, literally translated to “the Little Drum”, is a genre of Panamanian folkloric music and dance dating back as early as the 17th century.

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Tax haven

A tax haven is defined as a jurisdiction with very low "effective" rates of taxation ("headline" rates may be higher).

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Telephone numbers in Panama

All telephone numbers in Panama are seven or eight digits long (xxx-xxxx or 6xxx-xxxx) and there are no area codes.

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Tennis

Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).

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The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), often informally known as the Mormon Church, is a nontrinitarian, Christian restorationist church that is considered by its members to be the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus Christ.

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The World Factbook

The World Factbook, also known as the CIA World Factbook, is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.

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Thousand Days' War

The Thousand Days' War (1899–1902) (Guerra de los Mil Días), was a civil armed conflict in the Republic of Colombia (including its then Department of Panama), between the Conservative Party, the Liberal Party and radical factions.

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Tocumen International Airport

Tocumen International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional de Tocumen) is the international airport of Panama City, the capital of Panama.

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Torrijos–Carter Treaties

The Torrijos–Carter Treaties (Tratados Torrijos-Carter) are two treaties signed by the United States and Panama in Washington, D.C., on September 7, 1977, which abrogated the Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty of 1903.

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Traffic congestion

Traffic congestion is a condition on transport networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing.

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Trans-Panama pipeline

The Trans-Panama Pipeline (Oleoducto Chiriqui Bocas del Toro) is an oil pipeline across Panama near the Costa Rican border from the port of Chiriqui Grande, Bocas del Toro on the Caribbean coast to the port of Charco Azul on the Pacific coast.

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Triathlon

A triathlon is a multiple-stage competition involving the completion of three continuous and sequential endurance disciplines.

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Tuira River

The Tuira River is located in the Darién Province of eastern Panama.

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Tunisia national football team

The Tunisia national football team (منتخب تونس لكرة القدم), nicknamed Les Aigles de Carthage (The Eagles of Carthage or The Carthage Eagles), is the national team of Tunisia and is controlled by the Tunisian Football Federation.

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Twenty-foot equivalent unit

The twenty-foot equivalent unit (often TEU or teu) is an inexact unit of cargo capacity often used to describe the capacity of container ships and container terminals.

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Unemployment

Unemployment is the situation of actively looking for employment but not being currently employed.

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Unitary state

A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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United Nations Charter

The Charter of the United Nations (also known as the UN Charter) of 1945 is the foundational treaty of the United Nations, an intergovernmental organization.

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United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, known as ECLAC, UNECLAC or in Spanish and Portuguese CEPAL, is a United Nations regional commission to encourage economic cooperation.

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United Nations General Assembly

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA or GA; Assemblée Générale AG) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN), the only one in which all member nations have equal representation, and the main deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the UN.

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United Nations Security Council

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.

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United States Army Corps of Engineers

The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is a U.S. federal agency under the Department of Defense and a major Army command made up of some 37,000 civilian and military personnel, making it one of the world's largest public engineering, design, and construction management agencies.

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United States Department of State

The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.

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United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.

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United States invasion of Panama

The United States Invasion of Panama, code named Operation Just Cause occurred between mid-December 1989 and late January 1990.

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Vasco Núñez de Balboa

Vasco Núñez de Balboa (c. 1475around January 12–21, 1519) was a Spanish explorer, governor, and conquistador.

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Venezuela

Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).

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Veraguas Province

Veraguas is a province of Panama, located in the centre-west of the country.

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Vice President of Panama

The Vice President of Panama is the second-highest political position in the Government of Panama.

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Viceroyalty of New Granada

The Viceroyalty of New Granada (Virreinato de la Nueva Granada) was the name given on 27 May 1717, to the jurisdiction of the Spanish Empire in northern South America, corresponding to modern Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela.

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Viceroyalty of Peru

The Viceroyalty of Peru (Virreinato del Perú) was a Spanish colonial administrative district, created in 1542, that originally contained most of Spanish-ruled South America, governed from the capital of Lima.

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Volcán Barú

The Volcán Barú (also Volcán de Chiriquí) is an active stratovolcano and the tallest mountain in Panama, at high.

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Volleyball

Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net.

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Water supply and sanitation in Panama

Water supply and sanitation in Panama is characterized by relatively high levels of access compared to other Latin American countries.

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Western Hemisphere

The Western Hemisphere is a geographical term for the half of Earth which lies west of the prime meridian (which crosses Greenwich, London, United Kingdom) and east of the antimeridian.

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Wheat

Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.

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Wood carving

Wood carving is a form of woodworking by means of a cutting tool (knife) in one hand or a chisel by two hands or with one hand on a chisel and one hand on a mallet, resulting in a wooden figure or figurine, or in the sculptural ornamentation of a wooden object.

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World Bank

The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.

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World Economic Forum

The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva, Switzerland.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

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.pa

.pa is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Panama, administered by NIC-Panama.

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10th parallel north

The 10th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 10 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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2012 Summer Olympics

The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom.

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2018 FIFA World Cup

The 2018 FIFA World Cup is the 21st FIFA World Cup, a quadrennial international football tournament contested by the men's national teams of the member associations of FIFA.

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77th meridian west

The meridian 77° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, South America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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7th parallel north

The 7th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 7 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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83rd meridian west

The meridian 83° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean Sea, Central America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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Redirects here:

Etymology of Panama, ISO 3166-1:PA, Name of Panama, National Police of Panama, Panamanian, Panamà, Panamá, Republic of Panama, Republic of Panamá, República de Panamá, Sport in Panama, Subdivisions of Panama.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panama

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