143 relations: Academy Awards, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Academy ratio, Anamorphic format, Around the World in 80 Days (1956 film), Arri, Arricam, Aspect ratio (image), Battle of the Bulge, Bausch & Lomb, Bear Stearns, Ben-Hur (1959 film), Camera, Camera lens, Camera magazine, Camera operator, Cerberus Capital Management, Charge-coupled device, Chassis, Chief executive officer, Chroma subsampling, CineAlta, CinemaScope, Cinematographer, Cinerama, Close-up, Color photography, Colorimetry, Comb filter, Company, Credit Suisse, Cylinder, Debt restructuring, Depth of field, Digital cinema, EFILM, Far and Away, Feature film, Film, Flyboys (film), Focal length, Focus (optics), Frank Sinatra, Genesis (camera), George Lucas, Goerz (company), Grip (job), Hamlet (1996 film), HDCAM, High-definition video, ..., Hollywood, Image sensor, International, It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World, John Farrand, Just like Heaven (film), Kenneth Branagh, Khartoum (film), Kinney National Company, Lee Filters, Lee International, List of motion picture film formats, Los Angeles, Los Angeles Times, Lucasfilm, MacAndrews & Forbes, Meredith Merle Nicholson, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Movie camera, Movie projector, Moviecam, Mutiny on the Bounty (1962 film), Optical printer, Optics, Panaglide, Panavision cameras, Panavision HD-900F, Periscope, Post-production, Prime lens, Prism, Private equity, Privately held company, PV mount, Raintree County (film), Reflex finder, Richard Moore (cinematographer), Robert Gottschalk, Ronald Perelman, Rotary disc shutter, Ryan's Daughter, Scary Movie 4, Sensitometry, Serial digital interface, Sleeping Beauty (1959 film), Song of Norway, Sony, Sound blimp, Star Wars, Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones, Steadicam, Stereophonic sound, Steven Spielberg, Super 35, Super Panavision 70, Super Technirama 70, Superman Returns, Tachometer, Ted Field, Television, The Big Fisherman, The Cardinal, The Fall of the Roman Empire (film), The Greatest Story Ever Told, The Hallelujah Trail, The Hateful Eight, The New York Times, The Perfect Storm (film), The Robe (film), The Sugarland Express, The Walt Disney Company, Thin-film optics, Tiffen, Todd-AO, Trailer (promotion), Ultra Panavision 70, Underwater photography, United States, Video camera, Video tape recorder, Visible spectrum, Von Ryan's Express, Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures, Warburg Pincus, Warner Bros.-Seven Arts, Warner Communications, Widescreen, Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, Zoom lens, 20th Century Fox, 35 mm film, 3D film, 70 mm film. Expand index (93 more) » « Shrink index
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS (often pronounced as am-pas), also known as simply the Academy) is a professional honorary organization with the stated goal of advancing the arts and sciences of motion pictures.
The Academy ratio of 1.375:1 (abbreviated as 1.37:1) is an aspect ratio of a frame of 35mm film when used with 4-perf pulldown.
Anamorphic format is the cinematography technique of shooting a widescreen picture on standard 35 mm film or other visual recording media with a non-widescreen native aspect ratio.
Around the World in 80 Days (sometimes spelled as Around the World in Eighty Days) is a 1956 American epic adventure-comedy film starring Cantinflas and David Niven, produced by the Michael Todd Company and released by United Artists.
The Arri Group is a global supplier of motion picture film equipment.
The aspect ratio of an image describes the proportional relationship between its width and its height.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
Bausch + Lomb is an American eye health products company based in Bridgewater, New Jersey.
The Bear Stearns Companies, Inc. was a New York-based global investment bank, securities trading and brokerage firm that failed in 2008 as part of the global financial crisis and recession, and was subsequently sold to JPMorgan Chase.
Ben-Hur is a 1959 American epic religious drama film, directed by William Wyler, produced by Sam Zimbalist for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and starring Charlton Heston as the title character.
A camera is an optical instrument for recording or capturing images, which may be stored locally, transmitted to another location, or both.
A camera lens (also known as photographic lens or photographic objective) is an optical lens or assembly of lenses used in conjunction with a camera body and mechanism to make images of objects either on photographic film or on other media capable of storing an image chemically or electronically.
A camera magazine is a light-tight chamber or pair of chambers designed to hold film and move motion picture film stock before and after it has been exposed in the camera.
A camera operator, sometimes informally called a cameraman, is a professional operator of a film or video camera.
Cerberus Capital Management, L.P. is an American private equity firm,Leaders Magazine.
A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.
A chassis (plural chassis) is the internal framework of an artificial object, which supports the object in its construction and use.
Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.
Chroma subsampling is the practice of encoding images by implementing less resolution for chroma information than for luma information, taking advantage of the human visual system's lower acuity for color differences than for luminance.
Sony's CineAlta 24P HD cameras are a series of professional digital video cameras that offer many of the same features of 35mm motion picture cameras.
CinemaScope is an anamorphic lens series used, from 1953 to 1967, for shooting widescreen movies.
A cinematographer or director of photography (sometimes shortened to DP or DOP) is the chief over the camera and light crews working on a film, television production or other live action piece and is responsible for making artistic and technical decisions related to the image.
Cinerama is a widescreen process that originally projected images simultaneously from three synchronized 35 mm projectors onto a huge, deeply curved screen, subtending 146° of arc.
A close up or closeup in filmmaking, television production, still photography and the comic strip medium is a type of shot, which tightly frames a person or an object.
Color (or colour) photography is photography that uses media capable of reproducing colors.
Colorimetry is "the science and technology used to quantify and describe physically the human color perception." It is similar to spectrophotometry, but is distinguished by its interest in reducing spectra to the physical correlates of color perception, most often the CIE 1931 XYZ color space tristimulus values and related quantities.
In signal processing, a comb filter is a filter implemented by adding a delayed version of a signal to itself, causing constructive and destructive interference.
A company, abbreviated as co., is a legal entity made up of an association of people for carrying on a commercial or industrial enterprise.
Credit Suisse Group AG is a Swiss multinational investment bank and financial services company founded and based in Switzerland.
A cylinder (from Greek κύλινδρος – kulindros, "roller, tumbler"), has traditionally been a three-dimensional solid, one of the most basic of curvilinear geometric shapes.
Debt restructuring is a process that allows a private or public company, or a sovereign entity facing cash flow problems and financial distress to reduce and renegotiate its delinquent debts to improve or restore liquidity so that it can continue its operations.
In optics, particularly as it relates to film and photography, the optical phenomenon known as depth of field (DOF), is the distance about the Plane of Focus (POF) where objects appear acceptably sharp in an image.
Digital cinema refers to the use of digital technology to distribute or project motion pictures as opposed to the historical use of reels of motion picture film, such as 35 mm film.
EFILM Digital Laboratories, founded in 1989, is a company serving the motion picture and television industry.
Far and Away is a 1992 American epic romantic adventure drama film directed by Ron Howard from a script by Howard and Bob Dolman.
A feature film is a film (also called a motion picture or movie) with a running time long enough to be considered the principal or sole film to fill a program.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
Flyboys is a 2006 war drama film set during World War I, starring James Franco, Martin Henderson, Jean Reno, Jennifer Decker, David Ellison, Abdul Salis, Philip Winchester, and Tyler Labine.
The focal length of an optical system is a measure of how strongly the system converges or diverges light.
In geometrical optics, a focus, also called an image point, is the point where light rays originating from a point on the object converge.
Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was an American singer, actor, and producer who was one of the most popular and influential musical artists of the 20th century.
The Genesis is Panavision's high-end digital movie camera, which uses a proprietary, full frame 35 mm-width, 1.78:1 (16:9) aspect ratio, 12.4-megapixel, RGB filtered CCD.
George Walton Lucas Jr. (born May 14, 1944) is an American filmmaker and entrepreneur.
In the U.S. and Canada, grips are technicians in the filmmaking and video production industries.
Hamlet is a 1996 film adaptation of William Shakespeare's play Hamlet, directed by Kenneth Branagh, who also stars as Prince Hamlet.
HDCAM, introduced in 1997, is a high-definition video digital recording videocassette version of digital Betacam, using an 8-bit discrete cosine transform (DCT) compressed 3:1:1 recording, in 1080i-compatible down-sampled resolution of 1440×1080, and adding 24p and 23.976 progressive segmented frame (PsF) modes to later models.
High-definition video is video of higher resolution and quality than standard-definition.
Hollywood is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California.
An image sensor or imaging sensor is a sensor that detects and conveys the information that constitutes an image.
International mostly means something (a company, language, or organization) involving more than a single country.
It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World is a 1963 American epic comedy film, produced and directed by Stanley Kramer and starring Spencer Tracy with an all-star cast, about the madcap pursuit of $350,000 in stolen cash by a diverse and colorful group of strangers.
John Stuart Farrand (born 1945) is a British-American business executive.
Just Like Heaven is a 2005 American romantic comedy fantasy film directed by Mark Waters, starring Reese Witherspoon, Mark Ruffalo, and Jon Heder.
Sir Kenneth Charles Branagh (born 10 December 1959) is a British actor, director, producer, and screenwriter from Belfast in Northern Ireland.
Khartoum is a 1966 film written by Robert Ardrey and directed by Basil Dearden.
Kinney National Services, Inc. (later, Kinney Services, Inc.) was an American conglomerate company from 1966 to 1972.
Lee Filters is a manufacturer of colour filters and colour gels for the entertainment lighting, film and photography industries.
Lee Electric (Lighting) Ltd was incorporated as a business in 1961 by John and Benny Lee, two film lighting electricians.
This list of film formats catalogues formats developed for shooting or viewing motion pictures, ranging from the Chronophotographe format from 1888, to mid-20th century formats such as the 1953 CinemaScope format, to more recent formats such as the 1992 IMAX HD format.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
MacAndrews & Forbes Incorporated is an American diversified holding company wholly owned by billionaire investor Ronald Perelman.
Meredith Merle “Nick” Nicholson (March 11, 1913 – August 18, 2005) was an American cinematographer.
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. (initialized as MGM or hyphenated as M-G-M, also known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or simply Metro, and for a former interval known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/United Artists, or MGM/UA) is an American media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs.
The movie camera, film camera or cine-camera is a type of photographic camera which takes a rapid sequence of photographs on an image sensor or on a film.
A movie projector is an opto-mechanical device for displaying motion picture film by projecting it onto a screen.
Moviecam is a motion picture equipment company specializing in movie camera systems for 35 mm film.
Mutiny on the Bounty is a 1962 American Technicolor epic historical drama film starring Marlon Brando, Trevor Howard and Richard Harris, based on the novel Mutiny on the Bounty by Charles Nordhoff and James Norman Hall.
An optical printer is a device consisting of one or more film projectors mechanically linked to a movie camera.
Optics is the branch of physics which involves the behaviour and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it.
Panaglide is a brand of camera stabilizer mounts for motion picture cameras made by Panavision.
The following is a list of Panavision's various cameras and camera systems.
The Panavision HD-900F is the first digital high definition camera, able to record using the standard motion picture frame rate of 24 frames per second.
A periscope is an instrument for observation over, around or through an object, obstacle or condition that prevents direct line-of-sight observation from an observer's current position.
Post-production is part of the process of filmmaking, video production, and photography.
In film and photography, a prime lens is a fixed focal length photographic lens (as opposed to a zoom lens, typically with a maximum aperture from f2.8 to f1.2. The term can also mean the primary lens in a combination lens system. Confusion between these two meanings can occur if context doesn't make the interpretation clear. People sometimes use alternate terms—primary focal length, fixed focal length, or FFL to avoid ambiguity.
In optics, a prism is a transparent optical element with flat, polished surfaces that refract light.
Private equity typically refers to investment funds organized as limited partnerships that are not publicly traded and whose investors are typically large institutional investors, university endowments, or wealthy individuals.
A privately held company, private company, or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately.
A PV mount is a lens mount developed by Panavision for use with both 16 mm and 35 mm film and digital movie cameras of various sensor sizes.
Raintree County is a 1957 American Technicolor melodramatic film set during the American Civil War, directed by Edward Dmytryk.
A reflex finder is a viewfinder system with a mirror placed behind a lens.
Richard Moore (October 4, 1925 - August 16, 2009) was an American cinematographer.
Robert Gottschalk (March 12, 1918 – June 3, 1982) was an American camera technician and founder of Panavision.
Ronald Owen Perelman (born January 1, 1943) is an American businessman, investor, and philanthropist.
A rotary disc shutter is a type of shutter.
Ryan's Daughter is a 1970 British epic romantic drama film directed by David Lean.
Scary Movie 4 is a 2006 American horror comedy film and the fourth film in the ''Scary Movie'' franchise, as well as the first film in the franchise to be released under The Weinstein Company banner since the purchase of Dimension Films.
Sensitometry is the scientific study of light-sensitive materials, especially photographic film.
Serial digital interface (SDI) is a family of digital video interfaces first standardized by SMPTE (The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers) in 1989.
Sleeping Beauty is a 1959 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney based on The Sleeping Beauty by Charles Perrault.
Song of Norway is an operetta written in 1944 by Robert Wright and George Forrest, adapted from the music of Edvard Grieg and the book by Milton Lazarus and Homer Curran.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
A sound blimp is a housing attached to a camera which reduces the sound caused by the shutter click, particularly SLRs.
Star Wars is an American epic space opera media franchise, centered on a film series created by George Lucas.
Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones is a 2002 American epic space opera film directed by George Lucas and written by Lucas and Jonathan Hales.
Steadicam is a brand of camera stabilizer mounts for motion picture cameras invented by Garrett Brown and introduced in 1975 by Cinema Products Corporation.
Stereophonic sound or, more commonly, stereo, is a method of sound reproduction that creates an illusion of multi-directional audible perspective.
Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946) is an American filmmaker.
Super 35 (originally known as Superscope 235) is a motion picture film format that uses exactly the same film stock as standard 35 mm film, but puts a larger image frame on that stock by using the negative space normally reserved for the optical analog sound track.
Super Panavision 70 was the marketing brand name used to identify movies photographed with Panavision 70 mm spherical optics between 1959 and 1983.
Super Technirama 70 was the marketing name for films which were photographed in the 35 mm 8-perf Technirama process and optically un-squeezed and enlarged to 70 mm 5-perf prints for deluxe exhibition.
Superman Returns is a 2006 American superhero film directed and produced by Bryan Singer.
A tachometer (revolution-counter, tach, rev-counter, RPM gauge) is an instrument measuring the rotation speed of a shaft or disk, as in a motor or other machine.
Frederick Woodruff "Ted" Field (born June 1, 1953) is an American media mogul, entrepreneur and film producer.
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
The Big Fisherman is a 1959 American film directed by Frank Borzage about the life of Simon Peter, one of the disciples of Jesus.
The Cardinal is a 1963 American drama film which was produced independently and directed by Otto Preminger, and distributed by Columbia Pictures.
The Fall of the Roman Empire is a 1964 American epic film directed by Anthony Mann and produced by Samuel Bronston, with a screenplay by Ben Barzman, Basilio Franchina and Philip Yordan.
The Greatest Story Ever Told is a 1965 American epic film produced and directed by George Stevens.
The Hallelujah Trail is a 1965 American Western mockumentary spoof directed by John Sturges, with top-billed stars Burt Lancaster, Lee Remick, Jim Hutton and Pamela Tiffin.
The Hateful Eight (often marketed as The H8ful Eight) is a 2015 American Western film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Perfect Storm is a 2000 American biographical disaster drama film directed by Wolfgang Petersen and based on the 1997 non-fiction book of the same name by Sebastian Junger.
The Robe is a 1953 American Biblical epic film that tells the story of a Roman military tribune who commands the unit that is responsible for the Crucifixion of Jesus.
The Sugarland Express is a 1974 American crime drama film co-written and directed by Steven Spielberg in his theatrical feature directorial debut.
The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.
Thin-film optics is the branch of optics that deals with very thin structured layers of different materials.
Tiffen is an English surname of Norman origin.
Todd-AO is an American post-production company founded in 1953, providing sound-related services to the motion picture and television industries.
A trailer (also known as a preview or coming attraction) is a commercial advertisement for a feature film that will be exhibited in the future at a cinema, the result of creative and technical work.
Ultra Panavision 70 and MGM Camera 65 were, from 1957 to 1966, the marketing brands that identified motion pictures photographed with Panavision's anamorphic movie camera lenses.
Underwater photography is the process of taking photographs while under water.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
A video camera is a camera used for electronic motion picture acquisition (as opposed to a movie camera, which records images on film), initially developed for the television industry but now common in other applications as well.
A video tape recorder (VTR) is a tape recorder designed to record and playback video and audio material on magnetic tape.
The visible spectrum is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to the human eye.
Von Ryan's Express is a World War II adventure film, released in 1965, about a group of Allied prisoners of war who conduct a daring escape by hijacking a freight train and fleeing through German-occupied Italy to Switzerland.
Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures (originally established as Buena Vista Film Distribution Company, Inc., Buena Vista Distribution Company, Inc. and Buena Vista Pictures Distribution, Inc.) is an American film distributor owned by The Walt Disney Company.
Warburg Pincus, LLC is an American private equity firm with offices in the United States, Europe, Brazil, China and India.
Warner Bros.-Seven Arts, Inc. was an American entertainment company active from 1967 until 1970.
Warner Communications, Inc. was established in 1972 when Kinney National Company spun off its non-entertainment assets due to a financial scandal over its parking operations (as National Kinney Corporation), and changed its name.
Widescreen images are images that are displayed within a set of aspect ratios (relationship of image width to height) that is used in film, television and computer screens.
Woodland Hills is a neighborhood bordering the Santa Monica Mountains in the San Fernando Valley region of the city of Los Angeles, California.
A zoom lens is a mechanical assembly of lens elements for which the focal length (and thus angle of view) can be varied, as opposed to a fixed focal length (FFL) lens (see prime lens).
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation, doing business as 20th Century Fox, is an American film studio currently owned by 21st Century Fox.
35 mm film (millimeter) is the film gauge most commonly used for motion pictures and chemical still photography (see 135 film).
A three-dimensional stereoscopic film (also known as three-dimensional sangu, 3D film or S3D film) is a motion picture that enhances the illusion of depth perception, hence adding a third dimension.
70 mm film (or 65 mm film) is a wide high-resolution film gauge for motion picture photography, with higher resolution than the standard 35 mm motion picture film format.