Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Pancreatic cancer

Index Pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer arises when cells in the pancreas, a glandular organ behind the stomach, begin to multiply out of control and form a mass. [1]

295 relations: Abdominal mass, Abdominal pain, Abdominal ultrasonography, Acinar cell carcinoma of the pancreas, Acinus, Adenocarcinoma, Adenosquamous carcinoma, Adjuvant therapy, Adrenal gland, African Americans, Alessandro Codivilla, Alkaline phosphatase, Allen Whipple, American Cancer Society, American Joint Committee on Cancer, Anaplasia, Anatomical pathology, Anorexia (symptom), Argentina, Artery, Ascites, Asymptomatic, Ataxia-telangiectasia, ATRX, Autopsy, Back pain, Bicarbonate, Bile duct, Bilirubin, Biopsy, Blood transfusion, Blood vessel, Body mass index, BRCA2, Breast cancer, Bypass surgery, C-Met, CA19-9, Cachexia, Cancer, Cancer pain, Cancer screening, Cancer staging, Cancer stem cell, Carcinoma in situ, Case report, CDKN2A, Celiac artery, Celiac plexus, Cell (biology), ..., Cell type, Chemoradiotherapy, Chemotherapy, Chemotherapy regimen, Chronic pancreatitis, Citrus, Clinical trial, Colorectal cancer, Common bile duct, Comorbidity, Complication (medicine), Confounding, Consanguinity, Constipation, Courvoisier's law, Cryoablation, CT scan, Cumulative incidence, Curcumin, Cystadenocarcinoma, Cystic duct, Cytotoxicity, Death-associated protein 6, Desmoplasia, Developed country, Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Diet (nutrition), Differential diagnosis, Digestive enzyme, Dominance (genetics), Duodenum, Dysplastic nevus syndrome, East Asia, Endocrine system, Endoscope, Endoscopic ultrasound, Enzyme, Epidemiology, Epithelium, Erlotinib, Ethnic group, European Society for Medical Oncology, Everolimus, Exome sequencing, Familial adenomatous polyposis, Feces, Fine-needle aspiration, Five-year survival rate, Fluorouracil, Folate, FOLFIRINOX, Food and Drug Administration, Gallbladder, Gallstone, Gamma-glutamyltransferase, Gastric acid, Gastrin, Gastrinoma, Gastrointestinal cancer, Gemcitabine, Gene, Genetics, Giant cell, Giovanni Battista Morgagni, Glucagon, Glucagonoma, Grading (tumors), Gs alpha subunit, H2 antagonist, Hepatic artery embolization, Hepatoid tumor, Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, Hereditary pancreatitis, Heredity, Histology, Histopathology, Hormone, Hospice, Human digestive system, Hyaluronic acid, Hyperinsulinism, Hypoglycemia, Immunotherapy, Incidence (epidemiology), Incidental medical findings, Indigestion, Insulin, Insulinoma, Interdisciplinarity, Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm, Intraepithelial neoplasia, Iobenguane, Irreversible electroporation, Jacob Mendes Da Costa, Jaundice, Jejunum, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Kidney, Kidney cancer, KRAS, Lanreotide, Laparoscopy, Large intestine, Lesion, Lewis antigen system, List of people diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, Liver, Liver function tests, Lung, Lung cancer, Lustgarten Foundation for Pancreatic Cancer Research, Lymph node, Lymphatic vessel, Lymphocyte, Macrophage, Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic resonance imaging, Major depressive disorder, Malignancy, Massachusetts General Hospital, Mast cell, Medical imaging, Medical Subject Headings, Melanoma, MEN1, Metabolic pathway, Metastasis, Metoclopramide, Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 4, MTOR, MUC1, Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, Myofibroblast, Nasogastric intubation, National Comprehensive Cancer Network, Nausea, Neoadjuvant therapy, Neoplasm, Nerve block, Nervous system, Neuroendocrine cell, Neuroendocrine tumor, NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital, Nuclear medicine, Obesity, Octreotide, Oncology, Oncolytic virus, Opioid, Osteoclast, Oxygen, P16, P53, Pain management, PALB2, Palliative care, Palpation, Pancreas, Pancreatectomy, Pancreatic cancer, Pancreatic Cancer Action, Pancreatic Cancer Action Network, Pancreatic enzymes (medication), Pancreatic islets, Pancreatic mucinous cystic neoplasm, Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor, Pancreatic serous cystadenoma, Pancreaticoduodenectomy, Pancreatitis, Pancreatoblastoma, Pathognomonicity, PELP-1, Peptic ulcer disease, Peptide, Performance status, Peritoneal cavity, Peutz–Jeghers syndrome, Portal venous system, Positron emission tomography, Prevalence, Preventive healthcare, Processed meat, Prognosis, Prostate cancer, Protein-bound paclitaxel, Proton-pump inhibitor, Quality of life, Radiation therapy, Radioactive tracer, Radiofrequency ablation, Rare disease, Red meat, Relative risk, Resection margin, Risk factor, Sclera, Selenium, Sensitivity and specificity, Signet ring cell carcinoma, Smoking cessation, Solid pseudopapillary tumour, Somatostatinoma, Spleen, Splenectomy, Steatorrhea, Stent, STK11, Stomach, Stroma (tissue), Stromal cell, Sunitinib, Superior mesenteric artery, Surgery, SWI/SNF, Targeted therapy, Thrombophlebitis, TNM staging system, Tobacco smoking, Transcription factor, Transverse colon, Trousseau sign of malignancy, Tumor hypoxia, Tumor marker, Tumor microenvironment, Tumor suppressor, Type I collagen, Ultrasound, Union for International Cancer Control, UpToDate, Uruguay, Vein, VIPoma, Vitamin K deficiency, Von Hippel–Lindau disease, Walther Kausch, Watchful waiting, White Americans, Whole grain, Wnt signaling pathway, Wolters Kluwer, World Health Organization, Wrocław, Xerostomia, Zollinger–Ellison syndrome. Expand index (245 more) »

Abdominal mass

An abdominal mass is any localized enlargement or swelling in the human abdomen.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Abdominal mass · See more »

Abdominal pain

Abdominal pain, also known as a stomach ache, is a symptom associated with both non-serious and serious medical issues.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Abdominal pain · See more »

Abdominal ultrasonography

Abdominal ultrasonography (also called abdominal ultrasound imaging or abdominal sonography) is a form of medical ultrasonography (medical application of ultrasound technology) to visualise abdominal anatomical structures.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Abdominal ultrasonography · See more »

Acinar cell carcinoma of the pancreas

Acinar cell carcinoma of the pancreas, also acinar cell carcinoma, is a rare malignant exocrine tumour of the pancreas.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Acinar cell carcinoma of the pancreas · See more »


An acinus (plural, acini; adjective, acinar or acinous) refers to any cluster of cells that resembles a many-lobed "berry", such as a raspberry (acinus is Latin for "berry").

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Acinus · See more »


Adenocarcinoma (plural adenocarcinomas or adenocarcinomata) is a type of cancerous tumor that can occur in several parts of the body.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Adenocarcinoma · See more »

Adenosquamous carcinoma

Adenosquamous carcinoma is a type of cancer that contains two types of cells: squamous cells (thin, flat cells that line certain organs) and gland-like cells.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Adenosquamous carcinoma · See more »

Adjuvant therapy

Adjuvant therapy, also known as adjunct therapy, add-on therapy, and adjuvant care, is therapy that is given in addition to the primary or initial therapy to maximize its effectiveness.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Adjuvant therapy · See more »

Adrenal gland

The adrenal glands (also known as suprarenal glands) are endocrine glands that produce a variety of hormones including adrenaline and the steroids aldosterone and cortisol.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Adrenal gland · See more »

African Americans

African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and African Americans · See more »

Alessandro Codivilla

Alessandro Codivilla (21 March 1861 – 28 February 1912) was an Italian surgeon from Imola, Head of the Surgical Department of the hospital of Castiglion Fiorentino.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Alessandro Codivilla · See more »

Alkaline phosphatase

Alkaline phosphatase (ALP, ALKP, ALPase, Alk Phos) or basic phosphatase is a homodimeric protein enzyme of 86 kilodaltons.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Alkaline phosphatase · See more »

Allen Whipple

Allen Oldfather Whipple (September 2, 1881 – April 6, 1963) was an American surgeon who is known for the pancreatic cancer operation which bears his name (the Whipple procedure) as well as Whipple's triad.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Allen Whipple · See more »

American Cancer Society

The American Cancer Society (ACS) is a nationwide voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and American Cancer Society · See more »

American Joint Committee on Cancer

The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) is an organization best known for defining and popularizing cancer staging standards, officially the AJCC staging system.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and American Joint Committee on Cancer · See more »


Anaplasia (from ἀνά ana, "backward" + πλάσις plasis, "formation") is a condition of cells with poor cellular differentiation, losing the morphological characteristics of mature cells and their orientation with respect to each other and to endothelial cells.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Anaplasia · See more »

Anatomical pathology

Anatomical pathology (Commonwealth) or Anatomic pathology (U.S.) is a medical specialty that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the macroscopic, microscopic, biochemical, immunologic and molecular examination of organs and tissues.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Anatomical pathology · See more »

Anorexia (symptom)

Anorexia (from Ancient Greek ανορεξία: 'ἀν-' "without" + 'όρεξις', spelled 'órexis' meaning "appetite") is the decreased sensation of appetite.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Anorexia (symptom) · See more »


Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Argentina · See more »


An artery (plural arteries) is a blood vessel that takes blood away from the heart to all parts of the body (tissues, lungs, etc).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Artery · See more »


Ascites is the abnormal buildup of fluid in the abdomen.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Ascites · See more »


In medicine, a disease is considered asymptomatic if a patient is a carrier for a disease or infection but experiences no symptoms.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Asymptomatic · See more »


Ataxia-telangiectasia (AT or A-T), also referred to as ataxia-telangiectasia syndrome or Louis–Bar syndrome, is a rare, neurodegenerative, autosomal recessive disease causing severe disability.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Ataxia-telangiectasia · See more »


Transcriptional regulator ATRX also known as ATP-dependent helicase ATRX, X-linked helicase II, or X-linked nuclear protein (XNP) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ATRX gene.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and ATRX · See more »


An autopsy (post-mortem examination, obduction, necropsy, or autopsia cadaverum) is a highly specialized surgical procedure that consists of a thorough examination of a corpse by dissection to determine the cause and manner of death or to evaluate any disease or injury that may be present for research or educational purposes.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Autopsy · See more »

Back pain

Back pain is pain felt in the back of the body.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Back pain · See more »


In inorganic chemistry, bicarbonate (IUPAC-recommended nomenclature: hydrogencarbonate) is an intermediate form in the deprotonation of carbonic acid.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Bicarbonate · See more »

Bile duct

A bile duct is any of a number of long tube-like structures that carry bile, and is present in most vertebrates.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Bile duct · See more »


Bilirubin is a yellow compound that occurs in the normal catabolic pathway that breaks down heme in vertebrates.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Bilirubin · See more »


A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist involving extraction of sample cells or tissues for examination to determine the presence or extent of a disease.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Biopsy · See more »

Blood transfusion

Blood transfusion is generally the process of receiving blood or blood products into one's circulation intravenously.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Blood transfusion · See more »

Blood vessel

The blood vessels are the part of the circulatory system, and microcirculation, that transports blood throughout the human body.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Blood vessel · See more »

Body mass index

The body mass index (BMI) or Quetelet index is a value derived from the mass (weight) and height of an individual.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Body mass index · See more »


BRCA2 and BRCA2 are a human gene and its protein product, respectively.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and BRCA2 · See more »

Breast cancer

Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Breast cancer · See more »

Bypass surgery

Bypass surgery refers to a class of surgeries involving rerouting a tubular body part.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Bypass surgery · See more »


c-Met, also called tyrosine-protein kinase Met or hepatocyte growth factor receptor (HGFR), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MET gene.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and C-Met · See more »


CA 19-9 (carbohydrate antigen 19-9, also called cancer antigen 19-9 or sialylated Lewis (a) antigen) is a tumor marker that is used primarily in the management of pancreatic cancer.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and CA19-9 · See more »


Cachexia, or wasting syndrome, is loss of weight, muscle atrophy, fatigue, weakness and significant loss of appetite in someone who is not actively trying to lose weight.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Cachexia · See more »


Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Cancer · See more »

Cancer pain

Pain in cancer may arise from a tumor compressing or infiltrating nearby body parts; from treatments and diagnostic procedures; or from skin, nerve and other changes caused by a hormone imbalance or immune response.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Cancer pain · See more »

Cancer screening

Cancer screening aims to detect cancer before symptoms appear.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Cancer screening · See more »

Cancer staging

Cancer staging is the process of determining the extent to which a cancer has developed by growing and spreading.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Cancer staging · See more »

Cancer stem cell

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are cancer cells (found within tumors or hematological cancers) that possess characteristics associated with normal stem cells, specifically the ability to give rise to all cell types found in a particular cancer sample.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Cancer stem cell · See more »

Carcinoma in situ

Carcinoma in situ (CIS), also known as in situ neoplasm, is a group of abnormal cells.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Carcinoma in situ · See more »

Case report

In medicine, a case report is a detailed report of the symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of an individual patient.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Case report · See more »


CDKN2A, also known as cyclin-dependent kinase Inhibitor 2A, is a gene which in humans is located at chromosome 9, band p21.3.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and CDKN2A · See more »

Celiac artery

The celiac (or coeliac) artery, also known as the celiac trunk, or truncus coeliacus, is the first major branch of the abdominal aorta.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Celiac artery · See more »

Celiac plexus

The celiac plexus or coeliac plexus, also known as the solar plexus because of its radiating nerve fibers, is a complex network of nerves (a nerve plexus) located in the abdomen, near where the celiac trunk, superior mesenteric artery, and renal arteries branch from the abdominal aorta.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Celiac plexus · See more »

Cell (biology)

The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Cell (biology) · See more »

Cell type

A cell type is a classification used to distinguish between morphologically or phenotypically distinct cell forms within a species.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Cell type · See more »


Chemoradiotherapy (CRT, CRTx) is the combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy to treat cancer.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Chemoradiotherapy · See more »


Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Chemotherapy · See more »

Chemotherapy regimen

A chemotherapy regimen is a regimen for chemotherapy, defining the drugs to be used, their dosage, the frequency and duration of treatments, and other considerations.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Chemotherapy regimen · See more »

Chronic pancreatitis

Chronic pancreatitis is a long-standing inflammation of the pancreas that alters the organ's normal structure and functions.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Chronic pancreatitis · See more »


Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Citrus · See more »

Clinical trial

Clinical trials are experiments or observations done in clinical research.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Clinical trial · See more »

Colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer (CRC), also known as bowel cancer and colon cancer, is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum (parts of the large intestine).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Colorectal cancer · See more »

Common bile duct

The common bile duct, sometimes abbreviated CBD, is a duct in the gastrointestinal tract of organisms that have a gall bladder.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Common bile duct · See more »


In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional diseases or disorders co-occurring with (that is, concomitant or concurrent with) a primary disease or disorder; in the countable sense of the term, a comorbidity (plural comorbidities) is each additional disorder or disease.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Comorbidity · See more »

Complication (medicine)

Complication, in medicine, is an unfavorable evolution or consequence of a disease, a health condition or a therapy.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Complication (medicine) · See more »


In statistics, a confounder (also confounding variable, confounding factor or lurking variable) is a variable that influences both the dependent variable and independent variable causing a spurious association.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Confounding · See more »


Consanguinity ("blood relation", from the Latin consanguinitas) is the property of being from the same kinship as another person.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Consanguinity · See more »


Constipation refers to bowel movements that are infrequent or hard to pass.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Constipation · See more »

Courvoisier's law

Courvoisier's law (or Courvoisier syndrome, or Courvoisier's sign or Courvoisier-Terrier's sign) states that in the presence of a palpably enlarged gallbladder which is nontender and accompanied with mild painless jaundice, the cause is unlikely to be gallstones.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Courvoisier's law · See more »


Cryoablation is a process that uses extreme cold to destroy tissue.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Cryoablation · See more »

CT scan

A CT scan, also known as computed tomography scan, makes use of computer-processed combinations of many X-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual "slices") of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and CT scan · See more »

Cumulative incidence

Cumulative incidence or incidence proportion is a measure of frequency, as in epidemiology, where it is a measure of disease frequency during a period of time.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Cumulative incidence · See more »


Curcumin is a bright yellow chemical produced by some plants.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Curcumin · See more »


Cystadenocarcinoma is a malignant form of a cystadenoma and is a malignant neoplasm derived from glandular epithelium, in which cystic accumulations of retained secretions are formed.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Cystadenocarcinoma · See more »

Cystic duct

The cystic duct is the short duct that joins the gallbladder to the common bile duct.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Cystic duct · See more »


Cytotoxicity is the quality of being toxic to cells.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Cytotoxicity · See more »

Death-associated protein 6

Death-associated protein 6 also known as Daxx is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DAXX gene.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Death-associated protein 6 · See more »


In medicine, desmoplasia is the growth of fibrous or connective tissue.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Desmoplasia · See more »

Developed country

A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Developed country · See more »

Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Diabetes mellitus · See more »

Diabetes mellitus type 2

Diabetes mellitus type 2 (also known as type 2 diabetes) is a long-term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Diabetes mellitus type 2 · See more »

Diet (nutrition)

In nutrition, diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Diet (nutrition) · See more »

Differential diagnosis

In medicine, a differential diagnosis is the distinguishing of a particular disease or condition from others that present similar clinical features.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Differential diagnosis · See more »

Digestive enzyme

Digestive enzymes are a group of enzymes that break down polymeric macromolecules into their smaller building blocks, in order to facilitate their absorption by the body.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Digestive enzyme · See more »

Dominance (genetics)

Dominance in genetics is a relationship between alleles of one gene, in which the effect on phenotype of one allele masks the contribution of a second allele at the same locus.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Dominance (genetics) · See more »


The duodenum is the first section of the small intestine in most higher vertebrates, including mammals, reptiles, and birds.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Duodenum · See more »

Dysplastic nevus syndrome

Dysplastic nevus syndrome (also known as "atypical mole syndrome (AMS)", "familial atypical multiple mole–melanoma (FAMMM) syndrome", "familial melanoma syndrome", and "B-K mole syndrome") is a cutaneous condition described in certain families, and characterized by unusual nevi and multiple inherited melanomas.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Dysplastic nevus syndrome · See more »

East Asia

East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and East Asia · See more »

Endocrine system

The endocrine system is a chemical messenger system consisting of hormones, the group of glands of an organism that carry those hormones directly into the circulatory system to be carried towards distant target organs, and the feedback loops of homeostasis that the hormones drive.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Endocrine system · See more »


An endoscope is an illuminated optical, typically slender and tubular instrument (a type of borescope) used to look deep into the body and used in procedures called an endoscopy.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Endoscope · See more »

Endoscopic ultrasound

Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) or echo-endoscopy is a medical procedure in which endoscopy (insertion of a probe into a hollow organ) is combined with ultrasound to obtain images of the internal organs in the chest, abdomen and colon.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Endoscopic ultrasound · See more »


Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Enzyme · See more »


Epidemiology is the study and analysis of the distribution (who, when, and where) and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Epidemiology · See more »


Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Epithelium · See more »


Erlotinib hydrochloride (trade name Tarceva) is a drug used to treat non-small cell lung cancer, pancreatic cancer and several other types of cancer.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Erlotinib · See more »

Ethnic group

An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Ethnic group · See more »

European Society for Medical Oncology

The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) is the leading professional organisation for medical oncology.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and European Society for Medical Oncology · See more »


No description.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Everolimus · See more »

Exome sequencing

Exome sequencing, also known as whole exome sequencing (WES), is a genomic technique for sequencing all of the protein-coding genes in a genome (known as the exome).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Exome sequencing · See more »

Familial adenomatous polyposis

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal dominant inherited condition in which numerous adenomatous polyps form mainly in the epithelium of the large intestine.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Familial adenomatous polyposis · See more »


Feces (or faeces) are the solid or semisolid remains of the food that could not be digested in the small intestine.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Feces · See more »

Fine-needle aspiration

Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is a diagnostic procedure used to investigate lumps or masses.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Fine-needle aspiration · See more »

Five-year survival rate

The five-year survival rate is a type of survival rate for estimating the prognosis of a particular disease, normally calculated from the point of diagnosis.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Five-year survival rate · See more »


Fluorouracil (5-FU), sold under the brand name Adrucil among others, is a medication used to treat cancer.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Fluorouracil · See more »


Folate, distinct forms of which are known as folic acid, folacin, and vitamin B9, is one of the B vitamins.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Folate · See more »


FOLFIRINOX is a chemotherapy regimen for treatment of advanced pancreatic cancer.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and FOLFIRINOX · See more »

Food and Drug Administration

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Food and Drug Administration · See more »


In vertebrates, the gallbladder is a small hollow organ where bile is stored and concentrated before it is released into the small intestine.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Gallbladder · See more »


A gallstone is a stone formed within the gallbladder out of bile components. The term cholelithiasis may refer to the presence of gallstones or to the diseases caused by gallstones. Most people with gallstones (about 80%) never have symptoms. When a gallstone blocks the bile duct, a crampy pain in the right upper part of the abdomen, known as biliary colic (gallbladder attack) can result. This happens in 1–4% of those with gallstones each year. Complications of gallstones may include inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis), inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), jaundice, and infection of a bile duct (cholangitis). Symptoms of these complications may include pain of more than five hours duration, fever, yellowish skin, vomiting, dark urine, and pale stools. Risk factors for gallstones include birth control pills, pregnancy, a family history of gallstones, obesity, diabetes, liver disease, or rapid weight loss. The bile components that form gallstones include cholesterol, bile salts, and bilirubin. Gallstones formed mainly from cholesterol are termed cholesterol stones, and those mainly from bilirubin are termed pigment stones. Gallstones may be suspected based on symptoms. Diagnosis is then typically confirmed by ultrasound. Complications may be detected on blood tests. The risk of gallstones may be decreased by maintaining a healthy weight through sufficient exercise and eating a healthy diet. If there are no symptoms, treatment is usually not needed. In those who are having gallbladder attacks, surgery to remove the gallbladder is typically recommended. This can be carried out either through several small incisions or through a single larger incision, usually under general anesthesia. In rare cases when surgery is not possible medication may be used to try to dissolve the stones or lithotripsy to break down the stones. In developed countries, 10–15% of adults have gallstones. Rates in many parts of Africa, however, are as low as 3%. Gallbladder and biliary related diseases occurred in about 104 million people (1.6%) in 2013 and they resulted in 106,000 deaths. Women more commonly have stones than men and they occur more commonly after the age of 40. Certain ethnic groups have gallstones more often than others. For example, 48% of Native Americans have gallstones. Once the gallbladder is removed, outcomes are generally good.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Gallstone · See more »


Gamma-glutamyltransferase (also γ-glutamyltransferase, GGT, gamma-GT) is a transferase (a type of enzyme) that catalyzes the transfer of gamma-glutamyl functional groups from molecules such as glutathione to an acceptor that may be an amino acid, a peptide or water (forming glutamate).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Gamma-glutamyltransferase · See more »

Gastric acid

Gastric acid, gastric juice or stomach acid, is a digestive fluid formed in the stomach and is composed of hydrochloric acid (HCl), potassium chloride (KCl) and sodium chloride (NaCl).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Gastric acid · See more »


Gastrin is a peptide hormone that stimulates secretion of gastric acid (HCl) by the parietal cells of the stomach and aids in gastric motility.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Gastrin · See more »


A gastrinoma is a tumor in the pancreas or duodenum that secretes excess of gastrin leading to ulceration in the duodenum, stomach and the small intestine.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Gastrinoma · See more »

Gastrointestinal cancer

Gastrointestinal cancer refers to malignant conditions of the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract) and accessory organs of digestion, including the esophagus, stomach, biliary system, pancreas, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Gastrointestinal cancer · See more »


Gemcitabine, sold under the brand name Gemzar, among others, is a chemotherapy medication used to treat a number of types of cancer.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Gemcitabine · See more »


In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Gene · See more »


Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Genetics · See more »

Giant cell

A giant cell (multinucleated giant cell, multinucleate giant cell) is a mass formed by the union of several distinct cells (usually macrophages), often forming a granuloma.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Giant cell · See more »

Giovanni Battista Morgagni

Giovanni Battister Morgagni (25 February 1682 – 6 December 1771) was an Italian anatomist, generally regarded as the father of modern anatomical pathology, who taught thousands of medical students from many countries during his 56 years as Professor of Anatomy at the University of Padua.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Giovanni Battista Morgagni · See more »


Glucagon is a peptide hormone, produced by alpha cells of the pancreas.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Glucagon · See more »


A glucagonoma is a rare tumor of the alpha cells of the pancreas that results in the overproduction of the hormone glucagon.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Glucagonoma · See more »

Grading (tumors)

In pathology, grading is a measure of the cell appearance in tumors and other neoplasms.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Grading (tumors) · See more »

Gs alpha subunit

The Gs alpha subunit (Gαs, Gsα, or Gs protein) is a heterotrimeric G protein subunit that activates the cAMP-dependent pathway by activating adenylyl cyclase.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Gs alpha subunit · See more »

H2 antagonist

H2 antagonists, sometimes referred to as H2RA and also called H2 blockers, are a class of medications that block the action of histamine at the histamine H2 receptors of the parietal cells in the stomach.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and H2 antagonist · See more »

Hepatic artery embolization

Hepatic artery embolization (HAE), also known as trans-arterial embolization (TAE), is one of the several therapeutic methods to treat primary liver tumors or metastases to the liver.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Hepatic artery embolization · See more »

Hepatoid tumor

Hepatoid tumor or hepatoid carcinoma are terms for a number of uncommon or rare neoplasms in humans, named for a visual resemblance of the cells under the microscope to those of hepatocellular carcinoma, the most common form of liver cancer.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Hepatoid tumor · See more »

Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer

Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) or Lynch syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic condition that has a high risk of colon cancer as well as other cancers including endometrial cancer (second most common), ovary, stomach, small intestine, hepatobiliary tract, upper urinary tract, brain, and skin.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer · See more »

Hereditary pancreatitis

Hereditary pancreatitis (HP) is an inflammation of the pancreas, attributed to genetic causes.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Hereditary pancreatitis · See more »


Heredity is the passing on of traits from parents to their offspring, either through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction, the offspring cells or organisms acquire the genetic information of their parents.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Heredity · See more »


Histology, also microanatomy, is the study of the anatomy of cells and tissues of plants and animals using microscopy.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Histology · See more »


Histopathology (compound of three Greek words: ἱστός histos "tissue", πάθος pathos "suffering", and -λογία -logia "study of") refers to the microscopic examination of tissue in order to study the manifestations of disease.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Histopathology · See more »


A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Hormone · See more »


Hospice care is a type of care and philosophy of care that focuses on the palliation of a chronically ill, terminally ill or seriously ill patient's pain and symptoms, and attending to their emotional and spiritual needs.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Hospice · See more »

Human digestive system

The human digestive system consists of the gastrointestinal tract plus the accessory organs of digestion (the tongue, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Human digestive system · See more »

Hyaluronic acid

Hyaluronic acid (HA; conjugate base hyaluronate), also called hyaluronan, is an anionic, nonsulfated glycosaminoglycan distributed widely throughout connective, epithelial, and neural tissues.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Hyaluronic acid · See more »


Hyperinsulinism refers to an above normal level of insulin in the blood of a person or animal.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Hyperinsulinism · See more »


Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is when blood sugar decreases to below normal levels.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Hypoglycemia · See more »


Immunotherapy is the "treatment of disease by inducing, enhancing, or suppressing an immune response".

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Immunotherapy · See more »

Incidence (epidemiology)

Incidence in epidemiology is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Incidence (epidemiology) · See more »

Incidental medical findings

Incidental findings are previously undiagnosed medical or psychiatric conditions that are discovered unintentionally and during evaluation for a medical or psychiatric condition.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Incidental medical findings · See more »


Indigestion, also known as dyspepsia, is a condition of impaired digestion.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Indigestion · See more »


Insulin (from Latin insula, island) is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets; it is considered to be the main anabolic hormone of the body.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Insulin · See more »


An insulinoma is a tumor of the pancreas that is derived from beta cells and secretes insulin.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Insulinoma · See more »


Interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary studies involves the combining of two or more academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research project).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Interdisciplinarity · See more »

Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm

Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) is a type of tumor that can occur within the cells of the pancreatic duct.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm · See more »

Intraepithelial neoplasia

Intraepithelial neoplasia (IEN) is the development of a benign neoplasia or high-grade dysplasia in an epithelium.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Intraepithelial neoplasia · See more »


Iobenguane, also known as metaiodobenzylguanidine or mIBG, or MIBG (tradename Adreview) is a radiopharmaceutical, used in a scintigraphy method called MIBG scan.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Iobenguane · See more »

Irreversible electroporation

Irreversible electroporation (IRE or NTIRE for non-thermal irreversible electroporation) is a soft tissue ablation technique using ultra short but strong electrical fields to create permanent and hence lethal nanopores in the cell membrane, to disrupt the cellular homeostasis.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Irreversible electroporation · See more »

Jacob Mendes Da Costa

Jacob Mendes Da Costa, or Jacob Mendez Da Costa (February 7, 1833, Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, Caribbean – September 12, 1900) was an American physician.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Jacob Mendes Da Costa · See more »


Jaundice, also known as icterus, is a yellowish or greenish pigmentation of the skin and whites of the eyes due to high bilirubin levels.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Jaundice · See more »


The jejunum is the second part of the small intestine in humans and most higher vertebrates, including mammals, reptiles, and birds.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Jejunum · See more »

Johns Hopkins Hospital

The Johns Hopkins Hospital (JHH) is the teaching hospital and biomedical research facility of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, located in Baltimore, Maryland, U.S. It was founded in 1889 using money from a bequest by philanthropist Johns Hopkins.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Johns Hopkins Hospital · See more »


The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs present in left and right sides of the body in vertebrates.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Kidney · See more »

Kidney cancer

Kidney cancer, also known as renal cancer, is a type of cancer that starts in the cells in the kidney.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Kidney cancer · See more »


KRAS (K-ras or Ki-ras) is a gene that acts as an on/off switch in cell signalling.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and KRAS · See more »


Lanreotide (INN) is a medication used in the management of acromegaly and symptoms caused by neuroendocrine tumors, most notably carcinoid syndrome.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Lanreotide · See more »


Laparoscopy is an operation performed in the abdomen or pelvis through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) with the aid of a camera.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Laparoscopy · See more »

Large intestine

The large intestine, also known as the large bowel or colon, is the last part of the gastrointestinal tract and of the digestive system in vertebrates.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Large intestine · See more »


A lesion is any abnormal damage or change in the tissue of an organism, usually caused by disease or trauma.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Lesion · See more »

Lewis antigen system

The Lewis antigen system is a human blood group system based upon genes on chromosome 19 p13.3 (FUT3 or Lewis gene) and 19q13.3, (FUT2 or secretor gene).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Lewis antigen system · See more »

List of people diagnosed with pancreatic cancer

This article is a list of notable people who have been diagnosed with pancreatic cancer.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and List of people diagnosed with pancreatic cancer · See more »


The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Liver · See more »

Liver function tests

Liver function tests (LFTs or LFs) are groups of blood tests that give information about the state of a patient's liver.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Liver function tests · See more »


The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Lung · See more »

Lung cancer

Lung cancer, also known as lung carcinoma, is a malignant lung tumor characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Lung cancer · See more »

Lustgarten Foundation for Pancreatic Cancer Research

The Lustgarten Foundation, founded in 1999, is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization with the mission of advancing scientific and medical research related to the diagnosis, treatment, cure and prevention of pancreatic cancer.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Lustgarten Foundation for Pancreatic Cancer Research · See more »

Lymph node

A lymph node or lymph gland is an ovoid or kidney-shaped organ of the lymphatic system, and of the adaptive immune system, that is widely present throughout the body.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Lymph node · See more »

Lymphatic vessel

The lymphatic vessels (or lymph vessels or lymphatics) are thin-walled vessels structured like blood vessels, that carry lymph.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Lymphatic vessel · See more »


A lymphocyte is one of the subtypes of white blood cell in a vertebrate's immune system.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Lymphocyte · See more »


Macrophages (big eaters, from Greek μακρός (makrós).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Macrophage · See more »

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is a medical imaging technique that uses magnetic resonance imaging to visualize the biliary and pancreatic ducts in a non-invasive manner.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography · See more »

Magnetic resonance imaging

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Magnetic resonance imaging · See more »

Major depressive disorder

Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Major depressive disorder · See more »


Malignancy is the tendency of a medical condition to become progressively worse.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Malignancy · See more »

Massachusetts General Hospital

Massachusetts General Hospital (Mass General or MGH) is the original and largest teaching hospital of Harvard Medical School and a biomedical research facility located in the West End neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Massachusetts General Hospital · See more »

Mast cell

A mast cell (also known as a mastocyte or a labrocyte) is a type of white blood cell.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Mast cell · See more »

Medical imaging

Medical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of the interior of a body for clinical analysis and medical intervention, as well as visual representation of the function of some organs or tissues (physiology).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Medical imaging · See more »

Medical Subject Headings

Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is a comprehensive controlled vocabulary for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books in the life sciences; it serves as a thesaurus that facilitates searching.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Medical Subject Headings · See more »


Melanoma, also known as malignant melanoma, is a type of cancer that develops from the pigment-containing cells known as melanocytes.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Melanoma · See more »


Menin is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MEN1 gene.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and MEN1 · See more »

Metabolic pathway

In biochemistry, a metabolic pathway is a linked series of chemical reactions occurring within a cell.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Metabolic pathway · See more »


Metastasis is a pathogenic agent's spread from an initial or primary site to a different or secondary site within the host's body; it is typically spoken of as such spread by a cancerous tumor.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Metastasis · See more »


Metoclopramide is a medication used mostly for stomach and esophageal problems.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Metoclopramide · See more »

Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 4

SMAD4, also called SMAD family member 4, Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 4, or DPC4 (Deleted in Pancreatic Cancer-4) is a highly-conserved protein present in all metazoans.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 4 · See more »


The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), also known as the mechanistic target of rapamycin and FK506-binding protein 12-rapamycin-associated protein 1 (FRAP1), is a kinase that in humans is encoded by the MTOR gene.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and MTOR · See more »


Mucin 1, cell surface associated (MUC1) or polymorphic epithelial mucin (PEM) is a mucin encoded by the MUC1 gene in humans.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and MUC1 · See more »

Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1

Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN-1 syndrome) or Wermer's syndrome is part of a group of disorders, the multiple endocrine neoplasias, that affect the endocrine system through development of neoplastic lesions in pituitary, parathyroid gland and pancreas.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 · See more »


A myofibroblast is a cell that is in between a fibroblast and a smooth muscle cell in phenotype.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Myofibroblast · See more »

Nasogastric intubation

Nasogastric intubation is a medical process involving the insertion of a plastic tube (nasogastric tube or NG tube) through the nose, past the throat, and down into the stomach.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Nasogastric intubation · See more »

National Comprehensive Cancer Network

National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) is an alliance of 27 cancer centers in the United States, most of which are designated by the National Cancer Institute (one of the U.S. National Institutes of Health) as comprehensive cancer centers.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and National Comprehensive Cancer Network · See more »


Nausea or queasiness is an unpleasant sense of unease, discomfort, and revulsion towards food.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Nausea · See more »

Neoadjuvant therapy

Neoadjuvant therapy is the administration of therapeutic agents before a main treatment.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Neoadjuvant therapy · See more »


Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Neoplasm · See more »

Nerve block

Nerve block or regional nerve blockade is any deliberate interruption of signals traveling along a nerve, often for the purpose of pain relief.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Nerve block · See more »

Nervous system

The nervous system is the part of an animal that coordinates its actions by transmitting signals to and from different parts of its body.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Nervous system · See more »

Neuroendocrine cell

Neuroendocrine cells are cells that receive neuronal input (neurotransmitters released by nerve cells or neurosecretory cells) and, as a consequence of this input, release message molecules (hormones) to the blood.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Neuroendocrine cell · See more »

Neuroendocrine tumor

Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are neoplasms that arise from cells of the endocrine (hormonal) and nervous systems.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Neuroendocrine tumor · See more »

NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital

The NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital is a nonprofit university hospital in New York City affiliated with two Ivy League medical schools: Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons and Weill Cornell Medical College.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital · See more »

Nuclear medicine

Nuclear medicine is a medical specialty involving the application of radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Nuclear medicine · See more »


Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Obesity · See more »


Octreotide (trade name Sandostatin, among others) is an octapeptide that mimics natural somatostatin pharmacologically, though it is a more potent inhibitor of growth hormone, glucagon, and insulin than the natural hormone.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Octreotide · See more »


Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Oncology · See more »

Oncolytic virus

An oncolytic virus is a virus that preferentially infects and kills cancer cells.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Oncolytic virus · See more »


Opioids are substances that act on opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Opioid · See more »


An osteoclast is a type of bone cell that breaks down bone tissue.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Osteoclast · See more »


Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Oxygen · See more »


p16 (also known as p16INK4a, cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A, multiple tumor suppressor 1 and as several other synonyms), is a tumor suppressor protein, that in humans is encoded by the CDKN2A gene.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and P16 · See more »


Tumor protein p53, also known as p53, cellular tumor antigen p53 (UniProt name), phosphoprotein p53, tumor suppressor p53, antigen NY-CO-13, or transformation-related protein 53 (TRP53), is any isoform of a protein encoded by homologous genes in various organisms, such as TP53 (humans) and Trp53 (mice).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and P53 · See more »

Pain management

Pain management, pain medicine, pain control or algiatry, is a branch of medicine employing an interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those living with chronic pain The typical pain management team includes medical practitioners, pharmacists, clinical psychologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, physician assistants, nurses.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Pain management · See more »


Partner and localizer of BRCA2, also known as PALB2 or FANCN, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the PALB2 gene.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and PALB2 · See more »

Palliative care

Palliative care is a multidisciplinary approach to specialized medical and nursing care for people with life-limiting illnesses.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Palliative care · See more »


Palpation is the process of using one's hands to check the body, especially while perceiving/diagnosing a disease or illness.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Palpation · See more »


The pancreas is a glandular organ in the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Pancreas · See more »


In medicine, a pancreatectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the pancreas.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Pancreatectomy · See more »

Pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer arises when cells in the pancreas, a glandular organ behind the stomach, begin to multiply out of control and form a mass.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Pancreatic cancer · See more »

Pancreatic Cancer Action

Pancreatic Cancer Action is a not-for-profit organisation based in the UK whose mission is to raise awareness of pancreatic cancer.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Pancreatic Cancer Action · See more »

Pancreatic Cancer Action Network

Pancreatic Cancer Action Network (PCAN) is a United States-based 501(c)(3) charity that funds research, provides patient support, conducts community outreach, and advocates for increased federal research funding for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Pancreatic Cancer Action Network · See more »

Pancreatic enzymes (medication)

Pancreatic enzymes also known as pancrelipase and pancreatin, are commercial mixtures of amylase, lipase, and protease.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Pancreatic enzymes (medication) · See more »

Pancreatic islets

The pancreatic islets or islets of Langerhans are the regions of the pancreas that contain its endocrine (hormone-producing) cells, discovered in 1869 by German pathological anatomist Paul Langerhans.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Pancreatic islets · See more »

Pancreatic mucinous cystic neoplasm

Pancreatic mucinous cystic neoplasm, also mucinous cystic neoplasm of the pancreas and mucinous cystic tumour, is a grouping of cystic neoplasms that arise from the pancreas.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Pancreatic mucinous cystic neoplasm · See more »

Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor

Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs, PETs, or PNETs), often referred to as "islet cell tumors", or "pancreatic endocrine tumors" are neuroendocrine neoplasms that arise from cells of the endocrine (hormonal) and nervous system within the pancreas.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor · See more »

Pancreatic serous cystadenoma

Pancreatic serous cystadenoma, also known as serous cystadenoma of the pancreas and serous microcystic adenoma, a benign tumour of pancreas.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Pancreatic serous cystadenoma · See more »


A pancreaticoduodenectomy, pancreatoduodenectomy, Whipple procedure, or Kausch-Whipple procedure is a major surgical operation most often performed to remove cancerous tumours of the head of the pancreas.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Pancreaticoduodenectomy · See more »


Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Pancreatitis · See more »


Pancreatoblastoma is a rare type of pancreatic cancer.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Pancreatoblastoma · See more »


Pathognomonic (rarely spelled pathognomic and sometimes misspelled as pathomnemonic) is a term, often used in medicine, that means characteristic for a particular disease.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Pathognomonicity · See more »


Proline-, glutamic acid- and leucine-rich protein 1 (PELP1) also known as modulator of non-genomic activity of estrogen receptor (MNAR) and transcription factor HMX3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PELP1 gene.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and PELP-1 · See more »

Peptic ulcer disease

Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a break in the lining of the stomach, first part of the small intestine or occasionally the lower esophagus.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Peptic ulcer disease · See more »


Peptides (from Gr.: πεπτός, peptós "digested"; derived from πέσσειν, péssein "to digest") are short chains of amino acid monomers linked by peptide (amide) bonds.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Peptide · See more »

Performance status

In medicine (oncology and other fields), performance status is an attempt to quantify cancer patients' general well-being and activities of daily life.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Performance status · See more »

Peritoneal cavity

The peritoneal cavity is a potential space between the parietal peritoneum (the peritoneum that surrounds the abdominal wall) and visceral peritoneum (the peritoneum that surrounds the internal organs).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Peritoneal cavity · See more »

Peutz–Jeghers syndrome

Peutz–Jeghers syndrome (often abbreviated PJS) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder characterized by the development of benign hamartomatous polyps in the gastrointestinal tract and hyperpigmented macules on the lips and oral mucosa (melanosis).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Peutz–Jeghers syndrome · See more »

Portal venous system

In the circulatory system of animals, a portal venous system occurs when a capillary bed pools into another capillary bed through veins, without first going through the heart.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Portal venous system · See more »

Positron emission tomography

Positron-emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medicine functional imaging technique that is used to observe metabolic processes in the body as an aid to the diagnosis of disease.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Positron emission tomography · See more »


Prevalence in epidemiology is the proportion of a particular population found to be affected by a medical condition (typically a disease or a risk factor such as smoking or seat-belt use).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Prevalence · See more »

Preventive healthcare

Preventive healthcare (alternately preventive medicine, preventative healthcare/medicine, or prophylaxis) consists of measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to disease treatment.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Preventive healthcare · See more »

Processed meat

Processed meat is considered to be any meat which has been modified in order either to improve its taste or to extend its shelf life.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Processed meat · See more »


Prognosis (Greek: πρόγνωσις "fore-knowing, foreseeing") is a medical term for predicting the likely or expected development of a disease, including whether the signs and symptoms will improve or worsen (and how quickly) or remain stable over time; expectations of quality of life, such as the ability to carry out daily activities; the potential for complications and associated health issues; and the likelihood of survival (including life expectancy).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Prognosis · See more »

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is the development of cancer in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Prostate cancer · See more »

Protein-bound paclitaxel

Protein-bound paclitaxel, also known as nanoparticle albumin–bound paclitaxel or nab-paclitaxel, is an injectable formulation of paclitaxel used to treat breast cancer, lung cancer and pancreatic cancer, among others.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Protein-bound paclitaxel · See more »

Proton-pump inhibitor

Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) are a group of drugs whose main action is a pronounced and long-lasting reduction of stomach acid production.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Proton-pump inhibitor · See more »

Quality of life

Quality of life (QOL) is the general well-being of individuals and societies, outlining negative and positive features of life.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Quality of life · See more »

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Radiation therapy · See more »

Radioactive tracer

A radioactive tracer, or radioactive label, is a chemical compound in which one or more atoms have been replaced by a radionuclide so by virtue of its radioactive decay it can be used to explore the mechanism of chemical reactions by tracing the path that the radioisotope follows from reactants to products.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Radioactive tracer · See more »

Radiofrequency ablation

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a medical procedure in which part of the electrical conduction system of the heart, tumor or other dysfunctional tissue is ablated using the heat generated from medium frequency alternating current (in the range of 350–500 kHz).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Radiofrequency ablation · See more »

Rare disease

A rare disease is any disease that affects a small percentage of the population.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Rare disease · See more »

Red meat

In gastronomy, red meat is commonly red when raw and a dark color after it is cooked, in contrast to white meat, which is pale in color before and after cooking.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Red meat · See more »

Relative risk

In statistics and epidemiology, relative risk or risk ratio (RR) is the ratio of the probability of an event occurring (for example, developing a disease, being injured) in an exposed group to the probability of the event occurring in a comparison, non-exposed group.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Relative risk · See more »

Resection margin

A resection margin or surgical margin is the margin of apparently non-tumerous tissue around a tumor that has been surgically removed, called "resected", in surgical oncology.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Resection margin · See more »

Risk factor

In epidemiology, a risk factor is a variable associated with an increased risk of disease or infection.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Risk factor · See more »


The sclera, also known as the white of the eye, is the opaque, fibrous, protective, outer layer of the human eye containing mainly collagen and some elastic fiber.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Sclera · See more »


Selenium is a chemical element with symbol Se and atomic number 34.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Selenium · See more »

Sensitivity and specificity

Sensitivity and specificity are statistical measures of the performance of a binary classification test, also known in statistics as a classification function.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Sensitivity and specificity · See more »

Signet ring cell carcinoma

Signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) is a rare form of highly malignant adenocarcinoma that produces mucin.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Signet ring cell carcinoma · See more »

Smoking cessation

Smoking cessation (also known as quitting smoking or simply quitting) is the process of discontinuing tobacco smoking.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Smoking cessation · See more »

Solid pseudopapillary tumour

A solid pseudopapillary tumour (also known as solid pseudopapillary neoplasm or, more formally, solid pseudopapillary tumour/neoplasm of the pancreas) is a low-grade malignant neoplasm of the pancreas of papillary architecture that typically afflicts young women.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Solid pseudopapillary tumour · See more »


Somatostatinoma is a malignant tumor of the delta cells of the endocrine pancreas that produces somatostatin.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Somatostatinoma · See more »


The spleen is an organ found in virtually all vertebrates.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Spleen · See more »


A splenectomy is a surgical procedure that partially or completely removes the spleen.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Splenectomy · See more »


Steatorrhea (or steatorrhoea) is the presence of excess fat in feces.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Steatorrhea · See more »


In medicine, a stent is a metal or plastic tube inserted into the lumen of an anatomic vessel or duct to keep the passageway open, and stenting is the placement of a stent.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Stent · See more »


Serine/threonine kinase 11 (STK11) also known as liver kinase B1 (LKB1) or renal carcinoma antigen NY-REN-19 is a protein kinase that in humans is encoded by the STK11 gene.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and STK11 · See more »


The stomach (from ancient Greek στόμαχος, stomachos, stoma means mouth) is a muscular, hollow organ in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and many other animals, including several invertebrates.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Stomach · See more »

Stroma (tissue)

Stroma is the part of a tissue or organ with a structural or connective role.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Stroma (tissue) · See more »

Stromal cell

Stromal cells are connective tissue cells of any organ, for example in the uterine mucosa (endometrium), prostate, bone marrow, lymph node and the ovary.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Stromal cell · See more »


Sunitinib (marketed as Sutent by Pfizer, and previously known as SU11248) is an oral, small-molecule, multi-targeted receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitor that was approved by the FDA for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and imatinib-resistant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) on January 26, 2006.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Sunitinib · See more »

Superior mesenteric artery

In human anatomy, the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) arises from the anterior surface of the abdominal aorta, just inferior to the origin of the celiac trunk, and supplies the intestine from the lower part of the duodenum through two-thirds of the transverse colon, as well as the pancreas.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Superior mesenteric artery · See more »


Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Surgery · See more »


In molecular biology, SWI/SNF (SWItch/Sucrose Non-Fermentable), is a nucleosome remodeling complex found in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and SWI/SNF · See more »

Targeted therapy

Targeted therapy or molecularly targeted therapy is one of the major modalities of medical treatment (pharmacotherapy) for cancer, others being hormonal therapy and cytotoxic chemotherapy.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Targeted therapy · See more »


Thrombophlebitis is a phlebitis (inflammation of a vein) related to a thrombus (blood clot).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Thrombophlebitis · See more »

TNM staging system

The TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours (TNM) is a notation system that describes the stage of a cancer which originates from a solid tumour with alphanumeric codes.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and TNM staging system · See more »

Tobacco smoking

Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Tobacco smoking · See more »

Transcription factor

In molecular biology, a transcription factor (TF) (or sequence-specific DNA-binding factor) is a protein that controls the rate of transcription of genetic information from DNA to messenger RNA, by binding to a specific DNA sequence.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Transcription factor · See more »

Transverse colon

The transverse colon is the longest and most movable part of the colon.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Transverse colon · See more »

Trousseau sign of malignancy

The Trousseau sign of malignancy or Trousseau's syndrome is a medical sign involving episodes of vessel inflammation due to blood clot (thrombophlebitis) which are recurrent or appearing in different locations over time (thrombophlebitis migrans or migratory thrombophlebitis).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Trousseau sign of malignancy · See more »

Tumor hypoxia

Tumor hypoxia is the situation where tumor cells have been deprived of oxygen.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Tumor hypoxia · See more »

Tumor marker

A tumor marker is a biomarker found in blood, urine, or body tissues that can be elevated by the presence of one or more types of cancer.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Tumor marker · See more »

Tumor microenvironment

The tumor microenvironment (TME) is the cellular environment in which the tumor exists, including surrounding blood vessels, immune cells, fibroblasts, bone marrow-derived inflammatory cells, lymphocytes, signaling molecules and the extracellular matrix (ECM).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Tumor microenvironment · See more »

Tumor suppressor

A tumor suppressor gene, or antioncogene, is a gene that protects a cell from one step on the path to cancer.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Tumor suppressor · See more »

Type I collagen

Type I collagen is the most abundant collagen of the human body which forms large, eosinophilic fibers known as collagen fibers.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Type I collagen · See more »


Ultrasound is sound waves with frequencies higher than the upper audible limit of human hearing.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Ultrasound · See more »

Union for International Cancer Control

The Union for International Cancer Control (previously named International Union Against Cancer) or UICC (Union internationale contre le cancer) is a membership based, non-governmental organization that exists to help the global health community accelerate the fight against cancer.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Union for International Cancer Control · See more »


UpToDate, Inc. (bip) is a company in the Wolters Kluwer Health division of Wolters Kluwer whose main product is UpToDate, a software system that is a point-of-care medical resource.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and UpToDate · See more »


Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Uruguay · See more »


Veins are blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Vein · See more »


A VIPoma (also known as Verner–Morrison syndrome, after the physicians who first described it) is a rare (1 per 10,000,000 per year) endocrine tumor, usually (about 90%) originating from non-β islet cell of the pancreas, that produce vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP).

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and VIPoma · See more »

Vitamin K deficiency

Vitamin K deficiency results from insufficient dietary vitamin K1 or vitamin K2 or both.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Vitamin K deficiency · See more »

Von Hippel–Lindau disease

von Hippel–Lindau disease (VHL), also known as Familial cerebello retinal angiomatosis, is a rare genetic disorder with multisystem involvement.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Von Hippel–Lindau disease · See more »

Walther Kausch

Walther Kausch (17 July 1867, Königsberg – 24 March 1928, Berlin) was a surgeon.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Walther Kausch · See more »

Watchful waiting

Watchful waiting (also watch and wait or WAW) is an approach to a medical problem in which time is allowed to pass before medical intervention or therapy is used.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Watchful waiting · See more »

White Americans

White Americans are Americans who are descendants from any of the white racial groups of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, or in census statistics, those who self-report as white based on having majority-white ancestry.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and White Americans · See more »

Whole grain

A whole grain is a grain of any cereal and pseudocereal that contains the endosperm, germ, and bran, in contrast to refined grains, which retain only the endosperm.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Whole grain · See more »

Wnt signaling pathway

The Wnt signaling pathways are a group of signal transduction pathways made of proteins that pass signals into a cell through cell surface receptors.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Wnt signaling pathway · See more »

Wolters Kluwer

Wolters Kluwer N.V. is a global information services company.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Wolters Kluwer · See more »

World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and World Health Organization · See more »


Wrocław (Breslau; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is the largest city in western Poland.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Wrocław · See more »


Xerostomia, also known as dry mouth and dry mouth syndrome, is dryness in the mouth, which may be associated with a change in the composition of saliva, or reduced salivary flow, or have no identifiable cause.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Xerostomia · See more »

Zollinger–Ellison syndrome

Zollinger–Ellison syndrome (ZES) is a disease in which tumors cause the stomach to produce too much acid, resulting in peptic ulcers.

New!!: Pancreatic cancer and Zollinger–Ellison syndrome · See more »

Redirects here:

Adenocarcinoma of the pancreas, Cancer of the pancreas, Carcinoma of pancreas, Carcinoma pancreas, Carcinoma, pancreatic ductal, Familial pancreatic carcinoma, Pancreas cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Pancreatic adenocarcinoma, Pancreatic adenoma, Pancreatic cancers, Pancreatic carcinoma, Pancreatic carcinoma, familial, Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, Pancreatic ductal carcinoma, Pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia, Pancreatic islet cell neoplasm, Pancreatic islet cell tumors, Pancreatic malignancy, Pancreatic neoplasia, Pancreatic neoplasms.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pancreatic_cancer

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »