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Pantograph (transport)

Index Pantograph (transport)

A pantograph (or "pan") is an apparatus mounted on the roof of an electric train, tram or electric bus to collect power through contact with an overhead line. [1]

82 relations: Alstom, Amsterdam Metro, Angers tramway, Austrian Federal Railways, Auxiliary power unit, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Barcelona Metro, Beijing Subway, Blue Line (MBTA), Bombardier Transportation, Bordeaux tramway, Bow collector, Brecknell Willis, British Rail Class 390, California, Catenary, Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad, Chicago Transit Authority, Chongqing Rail Transit, Commuting, Compagnie du chemin de fer métropolitain de Paris, Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, Crawford–East Prairie station, Current collector, Delhi Metro, Dubai Tram, East Bay (San Francisco Bay Area), Electric arc, Electric bus, Electric multiple unit, EuroSprinter, Faiveley Transport, Frankfurt U-Bahn, Fukuoka City Subway, Germany, Graphite, Green Line (MBTA), Ground (electricity), Ground-level power supply, Hitachi Rail Italy, Key System, Kobe Municipal Subway, London Overground, Lubricant, Madrid Metro, MTR, Muni Metro, Nagoya Municipal Subway, Nord-Sud Company, North London line, ..., Osaka Metro, Oslo Metro, Overhead line, Pantograph, Railway electrification system, Rapid transit, Reims tramway, Rotterdam Metro, RTA Rapid Transit, San Francisco, San Francisco Bay Area, Sapporo Municipal Subway, SBB-CFF-FFS Re 460, Scientific American, Sendai Subway, Seoul Metropolitan Subway, Shanghai Metro, Siemens & Halske, Single-track railway, Soviet Union, Standing wave, Swiss Federal Railways, TGV, Third rail, Tokyo subway, Toronto streetcar system, Train, Tram, Trolley pole, Trolleybus, West London line, Yellow Line (CTA). Expand index (32 more) »


Alstom is a French multinational company operating worldwide in rail transport markets, active in the fields of passenger transportation, signalling and locomotives, with products including the AGV, TGV, Eurostar, and Pendolino high-speed trains, in addition to suburban, regional and metro trains, and Citadis trams.

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Amsterdam Metro

The Amsterdam Metro (Amsterdamse metro) is a mixed rapid transit and light rail system serving Amsterdam, Netherlands and extending to the surrounding municipalities of Amstelveen, Diemen, and Ouder-Amstel.

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Angers tramway

The Angers tramway (Tramway d'Angers) is a single-line tramway in the French city of Angers in Pays de la Loire.

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Austrian Federal Railways

The Austrian Federal Railways (German: Österreichische Bundesbahnen or ÖBB, formerly the Bundesbahn Österreich or BBÖ) is the national railway system of Austria, and the administrator of Liechtenstein's railways.

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Auxiliary power unit

An auxiliary power unit (APU) is a device on a vehicle that provides energy for functions other than propulsion.

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Baltimore and Ohio Railroad

The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was the first common carrier railroad and the oldest railroad in the United States, with its first section opening in 1830.

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Barcelona Metro

The Barcelona Metro (Catalan and Spanish: Metro de Barcelona) is an extensive network of rapid transit electrified railway lines that run mostly underground in central Barcelona and into the city's suburbs.

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Beijing Subway

The Beijing Subway is a rapid transit rail network that serves the urban and suburban districts of Beijing municipality.

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Blue Line (MBTA)

The Blue Line is a rapid transit line in the Greater Boston metropolitan area, one of four rapid transit lines operated by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA).

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Bombardier Transportation

Bombardier Transportation is the rail equipment division of the Canadian firm Bombardier Inc. Bombardier Transportation is one of the world's largest companies in the rail vehicle and equipment manufacturing and servicing industry.

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Bordeaux tramway

The Bordeaux tramway network (Tramway de Bordeaux) consists of three lines serving the city of Bordeaux in Aquitaine in southwestern France.

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Bow collector

A bow collector is one of the three main devices used on tramcars to transfer electric current from the wires above to the tram below.

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Brecknell Willis

Brecknell Willis is a British company headquartered in Chard, Somerset, and brand-name of electrification equipment for railways, mostly pantographs and contact shoes.

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British Rail Class 390

The Class 390 Pendolino is a type of electric high-speed train operated by Virgin Trains in the United Kingdom, leased from Angel Trains.

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California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.

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In physics and geometry, a catenary is the curve that an idealized hanging chain or cable assumes under its own weight when supported only at its ends.

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Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad

The Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad, also known as the North Shore Line, was an interurban railroad that served the northern Chicago metropolitan area, and southeastern Wisconsin.

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Chicago Transit Authority

The Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) is the operator of mass transit in Chicago, Illinois and some of its surrounding suburbs, including the trains of the Chicago "L" and CTA bus service.

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Chongqing Rail Transit

The Chongqing Rail Transit, branded as CRT and also known as Chongqing Metro, is the rapid transit system in the city of Chongqing, China.

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Commuting is periodically recurring travel between one's place of residence and place of work, or study, and in doing so exceed the boundary of their residential community.

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Compagnie du chemin de fer métropolitain de Paris

The Compagnie du chemin de fer métropolitain de Paris (Paris Metropolitan Railway Company), or CMP, was the forerunner of the RATP, the company managing the Parisian Underground.

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Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles

Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles (Grupo CAF) (literally "Construction & Other Railway Services") is a Spanish publicly-listed company which manufactures railway vehicles and equipment. It is based in Beasain in the Basque Country. Equipment manufactured by Grupo CAF includes light rail vehicles, rapid transit trains, railroad cars and locomotives, as well as variable gauge axles that can be fitted on any existing truck or bogie. Over the 20 years from the early 1990s, CAF benefitted from the rail investment boom in its home market in Spain to become a world player with a broad technical capability, able to manufacture almost any type of rail vehicle. CAF has supplied railway rolling stock to a number of major urban transit operators around Europe, the US, South America, East Asia, India and North Africa.

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Crawford–East Prairie station

Crawford–East Prairie was a station on the Chicago Transit Authority's Niles Center branch, now known as the Yellow Line.

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Current collector

Electric current collectors are used by trolleybuses, trams, electric locomotives or EMUs to carry electrical power from overhead lines or electrical third rails to the electrical equipment of the vehicles.

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Delhi Metro

The Delhi Metro is a metro system serving Delhi and its satellite cities of Faridabad, Gurgaon, Bahadurgarh, Noida and Ghaziabad in the National Capital Region of India. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited (DMRC), a state-owned company with equal equity participation from the Government of India and the Government of Delhi, built and operates the Delhi Metro. It is the second oldest metro in India after the Kolkata Metro. The Delhi Metro is the world's 10th longest metro system in length and 16th largest in ridership. A member of CoMET, the network consists of seven colour-coded regular lines and the faster Airport Express line, with a total length of serving 208 stations (including 6 on Airport Express line). The system has a mix of underground, at-grade, and elevated stations using both broad-gauge and standard-gauge. The power output is supplied by 25-kilovolt, 50-hertz alternating current through overhead catenary. The trains are usually of six and eight coaches length. DMRC operates over 3,000 trips daily, with first trains starting at around 05:00 and last at 23:30. In the financial year 2016–17, the Delhi Metro had an average daily ridership of 2.76 million passengers and served 100 crore (1.0 billion) riders in total during the year. The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation was certified by the United Nations in 2011 as the first metro rail and rail-based system in the world to get "carbon credits for reducing greenhouse gas emissions" and helping in reducing pollution levels in the city by 630,000 tonnes every year. Planning for the metro started in 1984 when the Delhi Development Authority and the Urban Arts Commission came up with a proposal for developing a multi-modal transport system for the city. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) was incorporated in May 1995, construction started in 1998, and the first section, on the Red Line, opened in 2002. The development of the network was divided into phases, Phase I containing 3 lines was completed by 2006, and Phase II in 2011. Phase III is scheduled for completion by 2018 (originally planned for 2016). The Rapid Metro Gurgaon which opened in 2013, whilst linked to Delhi Metro by the Yellow Line is a separate metro system (with a different owner/operator from the Delhi Metro), although tokens from the Delhi Metro can be used on its network.

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Dubai Tram

The Dubai Tram (ترام دبي) is a tramway located in Al Sufouh, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

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East Bay (San Francisco Bay Area)

The eastern region of the San Francisco Bay Area, commonly referred to as the East Bay, includes cities along the eastern shores of the San Francisco Bay and San Pablo Bay.

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Electric arc

An electric arc, or arc discharge, is an electrical breakdown of a gas that produces an ongoing electrical discharge.

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Electric bus

An electric bus is a bus that is powered by electricity.

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Electric multiple unit

An electric multiple unit or EMU is a multiple-unit train consisting of self-propelled carriages, using electricity as the motive power.

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The EuroSprinter family of electric locomotives is a modular concept of locomotives for the European market built by Siemens.

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Faiveley Transport

Faiveley Transport, formerly Faiveley, is an international manufacturer and supplier of equipment for the railway industry founded in 1919.

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Frankfurt U-Bahn

The Frankfurt U-Bahn, together with the Rhine-Main S-Bahn and the Frankfurt Straßenbahn, forms the backbone of the public transport system of Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany.

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Fukuoka City Subway

The serves Fukuoka, Japan.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Graphite, archaically referred to as plumbago, is a crystalline allotrope of carbon, a semimetal, a native element mineral, and a form of coal.

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Green Line (MBTA)

The Green Line is a light rail system run by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) in the Boston, Massachusetts, metropolitan area.

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Ground (electricity)

In electrical engineering, ground or earth is the reference point in an electrical circuit from which voltages are measured, a common return path for electric current, or a direct physical connection to the earth.

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Ground-level power supply

Ground-level power supply, also known as surface current collection and Alimentation par le Sol (APS, which literally means feeding via the ground), is a modern method of third-rail electrical pick-up for street trams instead of more common overhead lines, thus it is one of the methods that could allow construction of catenary-free light rail system.

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Hitachi Rail Italy

Hitachi Rail Italy S.p.A. (HRI) is a rail transport engineering company based in Italy whose main products are designing and manufacturing of railway and mass transit vehicles.

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Key System

The Key System (or Key Route) was a privately owned company that provided mass transit in the cities of Oakland, Berkeley, Alameda, Emeryville, Piedmont, San Leandro, Richmond, Albany, and El Cerrito in the eastern San Francisco Bay Area from 1903 until 1960, when it was sold to a newly formed public agency, AC Transit.

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Kobe Municipal Subway

is a subway system in Kobe, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan.

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London Overground

London Overground (also known simply as the Overground) is a suburban rail network serving London and its environs.

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A lubricant is a substance, usually organic, introduced to reduce friction between surfaces in mutual contact, which ultimately reduces the heat generated when the surfaces move.

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Madrid Metro

The Madrid Metro (Spanish: Metro de Madrid) is a metro system serving the city of Madrid, capital of Spain.

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The Mass Transit Railway (MTR) is a major public transport network serving Hong Kong. Operated by the MTR Corporation Limited (MTRCL), it consists of heavy rail, light rail, and feeder bus service centred on an 11-line rapid transit network serving the urbanised areas of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, and the New Territories. The system currently includes of rail with 159 stations, including 91 heavy rail stations and 68 light rail stops. The MTR is one of the most profitable metro systems in the world; it had a farebox recovery ratio of 187% in 2015, the world's highest. Under the government's rail-led transport policy, the MTR system is a common mode of public transport in Hong Kong, with over five million trips made in an average weekday. It consistently achieves a 99.9% on-time rate on its train journeys. As of 2014, the MTR has a 48.1% market share of the franchised public transport market, making it the most popular transport option in Hong Kong. The integration of the Octopus smart card fare-payment technology into the MTR system in September 1997 has further enhanced the ease of commuting on the MTR. Construction of the MTR was prompted by a study, released in 1967, commissioned by the Hong Kong Government in order to find solutions to the increasing road congestion problem caused by the territory's fast-growing economy. Construction started soon after the release of the study, and the first line opened in 1979. The MTR was immediately popular with residents of Hong Kong; as a result, subsequent lines have been built to cover more territory. There are continual debates regarding how and where to expand the MTR network. As a successful railway operation, the MTR has served as a model for other newly built systems in the world, particularly other urban rail transit in China.

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Muni Metro

The Muni Metro is a light rail system serving San Francisco, California, operated by the San Francisco Municipal Railway (Muni), a division of the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA).

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Nagoya Municipal Subway

The is a rapid transit system serving Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture in Japan.

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Nord-Sud Company

The Nord-Sud ("North-South") Company (Société du Chemin de Fer Électrique Nord-Sud de Paris) was an operator of underground trains in Paris established in 1904, which built two lines (now line 12 and part of line 13) and had a concession to build a third.

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North London line

The North London line is a railway line of the London Overground, which passes through the inner suburbs of north London, England.

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Osaka Metro

is the rapid transit network in the Osaka Metropolitan Area of Japan, operated by.

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Oslo Metro

The Oslo Metro (Oslo T-bane or Oslo Tunnelbane or simply T-banen.) is the rapid transit system of Oslo, Norway, operated by Sporveien T-banen on contract from the transit authority Ruter.

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Overhead line

An overhead line or overhead wire is used to transmit electrical energy to trams, trolleybuses or trains.

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A pantograph (Greek roots παντ- "all, every" and γραφ- "to write", from their original use for copying writing) is a mechanical linkage connected in a manner based on parallelograms so that the movement of one pen, in tracing an image, produces identical movements in a second pen.

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Railway electrification system

A railway electrification system supplies electric power to railway trains and trams without an on-board prime mover or local fuel supply.

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Rapid transit

Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.

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Reims tramway

Reims tramway (Tramway de Reims) is a tram system in the French city of Reims, which opened in April 2011.

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Rotterdam Metro

The Rotterdam Metro (Rotterdamse metro) is a rapid transit system operated in Rotterdam, Netherlands and surrounding municipalities by RET.

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RTA Rapid Transit

RTA Rapid Transit (generally known as The Rapid) is a rapid transit, light rail, and bus rapid transit system in Cleveland and surrounding areas in Cuyahoga County.

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San Francisco

San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.

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San Francisco Bay Area

The San Francisco Bay Area (popularly referred to as the Bay Area) is a populous region surrounding the San Francisco, San Pablo and Suisun estuaries in the northern part of the U.S. state of California.

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Sapporo Municipal Subway

The is a mostly-underground rubber-tyred metro system in Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.

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The Re 460 (popularly known as the Lok 2000) series are modern four-axle electric locomotives of the Swiss Federal Railways.

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Scientific American

Scientific American (informally abbreviated SciAm) is an American popular science magazine.

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Sendai Subway

The is a subway system in Sendai, Japan.

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Seoul Metropolitan Subway

The Seoul Metropolitan Subway is a metropolitan railway system consisting of 22 rapid transit, light metro, commuter rail and people mover lines located in northwest South Korea.

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Shanghai Metro

The Shanghai Metro is a rapid transit rail network in Shanghai, operating urban and suburban rail transit services to 13 of its 16 municipal districts, only Fengxian, Jinshan and Chongming districts are not served.

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Siemens & Halske

Siemens & Halske AG (or Siemens-Halske) was a German electrical engineering company that later became part of Siemens.

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Single-track railway

A single-track railway is a railway where trains traveling in both directions share the same track.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Standing wave

In physics, a standing wave – also known as a stationary wave – is a wave which oscillates in time but whose peak amplitude profile does not move in space.

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Swiss Federal Railways

Swiss Federal Railways (Schweizerische Bundesbahnen, SBB, Chemins de fer fédéraux suisses, CFF, Ferrovie federali svizzere, FFS) is the national railway company of Switzerland.

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The TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse, "high-speed train") is France's intercity high-speed rail service, operated by the SNCF, the state-owned national rail operator.

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Third rail

A third rail is a method of providing electric power to a railway locomotive or train, through a semi-continuous rigid conductor placed alongside or between the rails of a railway track.

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Tokyo subway

The is a part of the extensive rapid transit system that consists of Tokyo Metro and Toei Subway in the Greater Tokyo area of Japan.

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Toronto streetcar system

The Toronto streetcar system is a network of eleven streetcar routes in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, operated by the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC).

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A train is a form of transport consisting of a series of connected vehicles that generally runs along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers.

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A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.

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Trolley pole

A trolley pole is a tapered cylindrical pole of wood or metal, used to transfer electricity from a "live" overhead wire to the control and the electric traction motors of a tram or trolley bus.

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A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram Joyce, J.; King, J. S.; and Newman, A. G. (1986). British Trolleybus Systems, pp. 9, 12. London: Ian Allan Publishing.. or trolleyDunbar, Charles S. (1967). Buses, Trolleys & Trams. Paul Hamlyn Ltd. (UK). Republished 2004 with or 9780753709702.) is an electric bus that draws power from overhead wires (generally suspended from roadside posts) using spring-loaded trolley poles.

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West London line

The West London line is a short railway in inner West London that links in the south to Willesden Junction in the north.

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Yellow Line (CTA)

The Yellow Line, alternatively known as the Skokie Swift, is part of the Chicago Transit Authority's "L" system in Chicago, Illinois.

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Pantograph (rail), Pantograph (transportation).


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pantograph_(transport)

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