233 relations: ABC News, Accessus, Acclamation, Acclamation (Papal elections), Aeterni Patris Filius, Alberto di Jorio, Ambrose, Anthracene, Antipope, Antipope Constantine II, Antipope Eulalius, Apostolic Age, Apostolic Blessing, Apostolic Camera, Apostolic constitution, Apostolic Palace, Apostolic Penitentiary, Apostolic succession, Austrian Empire, Avignon Papacy, BBC News, Bishop, Bishop in the Catholic Church, Burial, Caere, Camerlengo, Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church, Cappella Paolina, Cardinal (Catholic Church), Cardinal Vicar, Cassock, Catechumen, Catholic Church, Ceremonial mace, Charlemagne, Clergy, College of Cardinals, Conclave capitulation, Conclavist, Concordat of Worms, Confession (religion), Consensus decision-making, Constantine IV, Constantinople, Covert listening device, Crown-cardinal, Cum proxime, Cyprian, Deadlock, Dean of the College of Cardinals, ..., Diocese, Diocese of Rome, Domus Sanctae Marthae, Early Christianity, Ecumenical council, Elective monarchy, Episcopal blessing, Exarchate of Ravenna, Excommunication, France, Giovanni Battista Re, Giovanni Colombo, Gospel, Government, Guido Marini, Habemus Papam, Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Holy Roman Emperor, Holy Roman Empire, Holy See, Holy Spirit, Honorius (emperor), In nomine Domini, Index of Vatican City-related articles, Ingravescentem aetatem, Investiture Controversy, Israelites, Italians, Jan Puzyna de Kosielsko, Jesus, Jorge Medina, Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Jus exclusivae, Lactose, Laity, Latae sententiae, Lateran Council (769), Lateran Treaty, Latin, List of Byzantine emperors, List of papal elections, List of Roman emperors, Litany of the Saints, Loggia, Lorenzo Baldisseri, Lothair I, Louis the Pious, Ludwig von Pastor, Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Mariano Rampolla, Mass (liturgy), Mercury (mythology), Middle Ages, Millennium, Monarch, Monarchy of Italy, Moses, Motu proprio, Mozzetta, National Catholic Register, National Geographic (U.S. TV channel), News.va, Order of precedence in the Catholic Church, Ostrogoths, Palazzo dei Papi di Viterbo, Papabile, Papal appointment, Papal bull, Papal conclave, 1314–16, Papal conclave, 1676, Papal conclave, 1903, Papal conclave, 1922, Papal conclave, 1958, Papal conclave, 1963, Papal conclave, 2013, Papal conclave, August 1978, Papal conclave, October 1978, Papal coronation, Papal election reforms of Pope Benedict XVI, Papal election, 1216, Papal election, 1241, Papal election, 1268–71, Papal household, Papal inauguration, Papal name, Papal renunciation, Papal tiara, Patrician (post-Roman Europe), Pectoral cross, Perugia, Pontifical Anthem, Pope, Pope Adrian V, Pope Adrian VI, Pope Alexander IV, Pope Alexander VI, Pope Benedict II, Pope Benedict XV, Pope Benedict XVI, Pope Boniface I, Pope Celestine V, Pope Cornelius, Pope Francis, Pope Gregory VII, Pope Gregory X, Pope Gregory XII, Pope Gregory XV, Pope Innocent XI, Pope Joan, Pope John II, Pope John IX, Pope John Paul I, Pope John Paul II, Pope John XXI, Pope John XXII, Pope John XXIII, Pope Leo X, Pope Leo XIII, Pope Marcellus II, Pope Marinus I, Pope Nicholas I, Pope Nicholas II, Pope Paul III, Pope Paul VI, Pope Pius IV, Pope Pius IX, Pope Pius X, Pope Pius XI, Pope Pius XII, Pope Sixtus V, Pope Stephen III, Pope Urban VI, Pope Zachary, Potassium chlorate, Potassium perchlorate, Procession, Prospero Caterini, Protodeacon, Quia propter, Quirinal Palace, Radio jamming, Raniero Cantalamessa, Reginald Pole, Renaissance, Resignation of Pope Benedict XVI, Ring of the Fisherman, Rochet, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Milan, Romano Pontifici eligendo, Rome, Rosin, Saeculum obscurum, Saint Peter, Second Council of Lyon, Second Council of the Lateran, Sede vacante, Siri thesis, Sistine Chapel, St. Peter's Basilica, Stage fright, Stole (vestment), Sulfur, Supermajority, Synod of Bishops in the Catholic Church, The Daily Telegraph, Third Council of the Lateran, Tomáš Špidlík, Two-round system, U.S. News & World Report, Ubi periculum, Universi Dominici gregis, University of Pittsburgh School of Law, Urbi et Orbi, Vatican City, Veni Creator Spiritus, Venice, Vicar General for Vatican City, Viterbo, Western Roman Empire, Western Schism, Wi-Fi, Yale University Press, Zucchetto. Expand index (183 more) » « Shrink index
ABC News is the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), owned by the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
Accessus is a term applied to the voting in conclave for the election of a pope, by which a cardinal changes his vote and accedes to some other candidate.
An acclamation, in its most common sense, is a form of election that does not use a ballot.
Acclamation was formerly one of the methods of papal election.
Aeterni Patris Filius (English: Son of the Eternal Father), also called Aeterni Patris, was a bull issued by Pope Gregory XV on 15 November 1621 that regulated papal conclaves.
Alberto di Jorio (18 July 1884 – 5 September 1979), was a cardinal of the Catholic Church and for many years along with the layman Bernardino Nogara the powerhouse behind the growing wealth of the Vatican and the Istituto per le Opere di Religione (popularly known as the "Vatican Bank").
Aurelius Ambrosius (– 397), better known in English as Ambrose, was a bishop of Milan who became one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of the 4th century.
Anthracene is a solid polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) of formula C14H10, consisting of three fused benzene rings.
An antipope (antipapa) is a person who, in opposition to the one who is generally seen as the legitimately elected Pope, makes a significantly accepted competing claim to be the Pope, the Bishop of Rome and leader of the Catholic Church.
Antipope Constantine II (died 769?) was an antipope for over a year, from 28 June 767 to 6 August 768.
Antipope Eulalius (died 423) was antipope from December 418 to April 419, in opposition to Pope Boniface I. At first the claims of Eulalius as the rightful Pope were recognized by the Emperor Honorius, who sent a letter dated 3 January 419 recognizing him and pardoning the partisans of Boniface provided they left Rome.
The Apostolic Age of the history of Christianity is traditionally regarded as the period of the Twelve Apostles, dating from the Great Commission of the Apostles by the risen Jesus in Jerusalem around 33 AD until the death of the last Apostle, believed to be John the Apostle in Anatolia c. 100.
The Apostolic Blessing or papal blessing is a blessing imparted by the Pope, either directly or by delegation through others.
The Apostolic Camera (Camera Apostolica), formerly known as the is an office in the Roman Curia.
An apostolic constitution (constitutio apostolica) is the highest level of decree issued by the Pope.
The Apostolic Palace (Palatium Apostolicum; Palazzo Apostolico) is the official residence of the Roman Catholic Pope and Bishop of Rome, which is located in Vatican City.
The Apostolic Penitentiary, formerly called the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Penitentiary, is one of the three tribunals of the Roman Curia.
Apostolic succession is the method whereby the ministry of the Christian Church is held to be derived from the apostles by a continuous succession, which has usually been associated with a claim that the succession is through a series of bishops.
The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.
The Avignon Papacy was the period from 1309 to 1376 during which seven successive popes resided in Avignon (then in the Kingdom of Arles, part of the Holy Roman Empire, now in France) rather than in Rome.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament of the Christian Bible Greek επίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.
In the Catholic Church, a bishop is an ordained minister who holds the fullness of the sacrament of holy orders and is responsible for teaching doctrine, governing Catholics in his jurisdiction, sanctifying the world and representing the Church.
Burial or interment is the ritual act of placing a dead person or animal, sometimes with objects, into the ground.
: Caere (also Caisra and Cisra) is the Latin name given by the Romans to one of the larger cities of Southern Etruria, the modern Cerveteri, approximately 50-60 kilometres north-northwest of Rome.
Camerlengo (plural: camerlenghi, Italian for "Chamberlain") is an Italian title of medieval origin.
The Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church is an office of the papal household that administers the property and revenues of the Holy See.
The Cappella Paolina (Pauline Chapel) is a chapel in the Apostolic Palace, Vatican City.
A cardinal (Sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae cardinalis, literally Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church) is a senior ecclesiastical leader, considered a Prince of the Church, and usually an ordained bishop of the Roman Catholic Church.
Cardinal Vicar (Cardinale Vicario) is a title commonly given to the vicar general of the Diocese of Rome for the portion of the diocese within Italy (i.e. excluding the portion within Vatican City).
The white or black cassock, or soutane, is an item of Christian clerical clothing used by the clergy of Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, Lutheran, and Reformed churches, among others.
In ecclesiology, a catechumen (via Latin catechumenus from Greek κατηχούμενος katēkhoumenos, "one being instructed", from κατά kata, "down" and ἦχος ēkhos, "sound") is a person receiving instruction from a catechist in the principles of the Christian religion with a view to baptism.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
A ceremonial mace is a highly ornamented staff of metal or wood, carried before a sovereign or other high official in civic ceremonies by a mace-bearer, intended to represent the official's authority.
Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.
Clergy are some of the main and important formal leaders within certain religions.
The College of Cardinals, formerly styled the Sacred College of Cardinals, is the body of all cardinals of the Catholic Church.
A conclave capitulation was a compact or unilateral contract drawn up by the College of Cardinals during a papal conclave to constrain the actions of the pope elected by the conclave.
A conclavist was a personal aide of a cardinal present in a papal conclave.
The Concordat of Worms (Concordatum Wormatiense), sometimes called the Pactum Calixtinum by papal historians, was an agreement between Pope Callixtus II and Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor on September 23, 1122, near the city of Worms.
Confession, in many religions, is the acknowledgment of one's sins (sinfulness) or wrongs.
Consensus decision-making is a group decision-making process in which group members develop, and agree to support a decision in the best interest of the whole.
Constantine IV (translit; Flavius Constantinus Augustus; c. 652 – 14 September 685), sometimes incorrectly called Pogonatos (Πωγωνάτος), "the Bearded", out of confusion with his father, was Byzantine Emperor from 668 to 685.
Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.
A covert listening device, more commonly known as a bug or a wire, is usually a combination of a miniature radio transmitter with a microphone.
A crown-cardinal (cardinale della corona) was a cardinal protector of a Roman Catholic nation, nominated or funded by a Catholic monarch to serve as their representative within the College of Cardinals and, on occasion, to exercise the right claimed by some monarchs to veto a candidate for election to the papacy.
Pope Pius XI instituted a new rule for setting the date for the start of a papal conclave to elect a new pope by promulgating the document Cum proxime on 1 March 1922, less than a month after his own election.
Saint Cyprian (Thaschus Cæcilius Cyprianus; 200 – September 14, 258 AD) was bishop of Carthage and a notable Early Christian writer of Berber descent, many of whose Latin works are extant.
In concurrent computing, a deadlock is a state in which each member of a group is waiting for some other member to take action, such as sending a message or more commonly releasing a lock.
The Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals (Decanus Sacri Collegii) is the dean (president) of the College of Cardinals in the Roman Catholic Church.
The word diocese is derived from the Greek term διοίκησις meaning "administration".
The Diocese of Rome (Dioecesis Urbis seu Romana, Diocesi di Roma) is a diocese of the Catholic Church in Rome.
The Domus Sanctae Marthae (Latin for Saint Martha's House; in Italian, Casa Santa Marta) is a building adjacent to St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City.
Early Christianity, defined as the period of Christianity preceding the First Council of Nicaea in 325, typically divides historically into the Apostolic Age and the Ante-Nicene Period (from the Apostolic Age until Nicea).
An ecumenical council (or oecumenical council; also general council) is a conference of ecclesiastical dignitaries and theological experts convened to discuss and settle matters of Church doctrine and practice in which those entitled to vote are convoked from the whole world (oikoumene) and which secures the approbation of the whole Church.
An elective monarchy is a monarchy ruled by an elected monarch, in contrast to a hereditary monarchy in which the office is automatically passed down as a family inheritance.
The episcopal or pontifical blessing is a blessing imparted by a bishop, especially if using a formula given in official liturgical books.
The Exarchate of Ravenna or of Italy (Esarcato d'Italia) was a lordship of the Byzantine Empire in Italy, from 584 to 751, when the last exarch was put to death by the Lombards.
Excommunication is an institutional act of religious censure used to deprive, suspend, or limit membership in a religious community or to restrict certain rights within it, in particular receiving of the sacraments.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Giovanni Battista Re (born 30 January 1934) is an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church whose service has been primarily in the Roman Curia.
Giovanni Colombo (6 December 1902 – 20 May 1992) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
Gospel is the Old English translation of Greek εὐαγγέλιον, evangelion, meaning "good news".
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
Monsignor Guido Marini (born 31 January 1965) is an Italian priest of the Catholic Church, who has been the Master of Pontifical Liturgical Ceremonies since 1 October 2007.
Habemus Papam! ("We Have a Pope!") is the announcement given in Latin by the Cardinal Protodeacon, the senior Cardinal Deacon, upon the election of a new Roman Catholic pope.
Henry IV (Heinrich IV; 11 November 1050 – 7 August 1106) became King of the Germans in 1056.
The Holy Roman Emperor (historically Romanorum Imperator, "Emperor of the Romans") was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire (800-1806 AD, from Charlemagne to Francis II).
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
The Holy See (Santa Sede; Sancta Sedes), also called the See of Rome, is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, the episcopal see of the Pope, and an independent sovereign entity.
Holy Spirit (also called Holy Ghost) is a term found in English translations of the Bible that is understood differently among the Abrahamic religions.
Honorius (Flavius Honorius Augustus; 9 September 384 – 15 August 423) was Western Roman Emperor from 393 to 423.
In nomine Domini (In the name of the Lord) is a papal bull written by Pope Nicholas II and a canon of the Council of Rome.
This is an index of Vatican City-related topics.
Ingravescentem aetatem is a document issued by Pope Paul VI, dated 21 November 1970.
The Investiture controversy or Investiture contest was a conflict between church and state in medieval Europe over the ability to appoint local church officials through investiture.
The Israelites (בני ישראל Bnei Yisra'el) were a confederation of Iron Age Semitic-speaking tribes of the ancient Near East, who inhabited a part of Canaan during the tribal and monarchic periods.
The Italians (Italiani) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to the Italian peninsula.
Prince Jan Duklan Maurycy Paweł Puzyna de Kosielsko (13 September 1842, Gwoździec, Galicia – 8 September 1911, Kraków, Poland) was a Polish Roman Catholic Cardinal who was auxiliary bishop of Lwów (now Lviv, Ukraine) from 1886 to 1895, and the bishop of Kraków from 1895 until his death in 1911.
Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.
Jorge Arturo Agustín Medina Estévez (born 23 December 1926) is a Chilean Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
The Journal of Interdisciplinary History is a peer-reviewed academic journal published four times a year by the MIT Press.
Jus exclusivae (Latin for "right of exclusion"; sometimes called the papal veto) was the right claimed by several Catholic monarchs of Europe to veto a candidate for the papacy.
Lactose is a disaccharide.
A layperson (also layman or laywoman) is a person who is not qualified in a given profession and/or does not have specific knowledge of a certain subject.
Latae sententiae is a Latin phrase, meaning "sentence (already) passed", used in the canon law of the Catholic Church.
The Lateran Council of 769 was a synod held in the Basilica of St. John Lateran to rectify perceived abuses in the papal electoral process which had led to the elevation of the Antipopes Constantine II and Philip.
The Lateran Treaty (Patti Lateranensi; Pacta Lateranensia) was one of the Lateran Pacts of 1929 or Lateran Accords, agreements made in 1929 between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See, settling the "Roman Question".
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
This is a list of the Byzantine emperors from the foundation of Constantinople in 330 AD, which marks the conventional start of the Byzantine Empire (or the Eastern Roman Empire), to its fall to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 AD.
There have been 110 papal elections that have produced popes currently recognized by the Catholic Church as legitimate.
The Roman Emperors were rulers of the Roman Empire, wielding power over its citizens and military.
The Litany of the Saints (Latin: Litaniae Sanctorum) is a formal prayer of the Roman Catholic Church and Western Rite Orthodox communities.
A loggia is an architectural feature which is a covered exterior gallery or corridor usually on an upper level, or sometimes ground level.
Lorenzo Baldisseri (born 29 September 1940) is an Italian cardinal.
Lothair I or Lothar I (Dutch and Medieval Latin: Lotharius, German: Lothar, French: Lothaire, Italian: Lotario) (795 – 29 September 855) was the Holy Roman Emperor (817–855, co-ruling with his father until 840), and the governor of Bavaria (815–817), Italy (818–855) and Middle Francia (840–855).
Louis the Pious (778 – 20 June 840), also called the Fair, and the Debonaire, was the King of the Franks and co-Emperor (as Louis I) with his father, Charlemagne, from 813.
Ludwig Pastor, later Ludwig von Pastor, Freiherr von Campersfelden (31 January 1854 – 30 September 1928), was a German historian and a diplomat for Austria.
Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano (July 9, 1828, Bene Vagienna, Italy – December 7, 1913, Rome, Italy) was a cardinal of the Catholic Church in the late nineteenth century.
Mariano Rampolla del Tindaro (17 August 1843 – 16 December 1913) was an Italian Cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church, and the last man to have his candidacy for papal election vetoed by a Catholic monarch.
Mass is a term used to describe the main eucharistic liturgical service in many forms of Western Christianity.
Mercury (Latin: Mercurius) is a major god in Roman religion and mythology, being one of the Dii Consentes within the ancient Roman pantheon.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
A millennium (plural millennia or, rarely, millenniums) is a period equal to 1000 years, also called kiloyears.
A monarch is a sovereign head of state in a monarchy.
The monarchy of Italy (Monarchia italiana) was the system of government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign of the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 to 1946.
Mosesמֹשֶׁה, Modern Tiberian ISO 259-3; ܡܘܫܐ Mūše; موسى; Mωϋσῆς was a prophet in the Abrahamic religions.
In law, motu proprio (Latin for: "on his own impulse") describes an official act taken without a formal request from another party.
The mozzetta is a short elbow-length sartorial vestment, a cape that covers the shoulders and is buttoned over the frontal breast area.
The National Catholic Register is the oldest national Catholic newspaper in the United States.
National Geographic (formerly National Geographic Channel and also commercially abbreviated and trademarked as Nat Geo or Nat Geo TV) is an American digital cable and satellite television network that is owned by National Geographic Partners, majority-owned by 21st Century Fox with the remainder owned by the National Geographic Society.
News.va (The Vatican Today) is a news information portal provided by the Pontifical Council for Social Communications which "aggregate information from the Vatican’s various print, online, radio and television media in a one-stop shop for news about the Holy See." The site was launched on June 27, 2011.
Precedence signifies the right to enjoy a prerogative of honor before other persons; for example, to have the most distinguished place in a procession, a ceremony, or an assembly, to have the right to express an opinion, cast a vote, or append a signature before others, to perform the most honorable offices.
The Ostrogoths (Ostrogothi, Austrogothi) were the eastern branch of the later Goths (the other major branch being the Visigoths).
The Papal Palace of Viterbo, with the bell tower of the cathedral in the background Palazzo dei Papi is a palace in Viterbo, northern Latium, Italy.
Papabile (pl. papabili) is an unofficial Italian term first coined by Vaticanologists and now used internationally in many languages to describe a Roman Catholic man, in practice always a cardinal, who is thought a likely or possible candidate to be elected pope.
Papal appointment was a medieval method of selecting a pope.
A papal bull is a type of public decree, letters patent, or charter issued by a pope of the Roman Catholic Church.
The papal conclave of 1314–16 (May 1, 1314 to August 7, 1316), held in the apostolic palace of Carpentras and then the Dominican house in Lyon, was one of the longest conclaves in the history of the Roman Catholic Church and the first conclave of the Avignon Papacy.
The papal conclave of 1676 was convened after the death of Pope Clement X and lasted from 2 August until 21 September 1676.
The papal conclave of 1903 followed the death of Pope Leo XIII after a reign of 25 years.
The papal conclave of 1922, was held following Pope Benedict XV's death from pneumonia on 22 January 1922 after a reign of eight years.
Following the death of Pope Pius XII on 9 October 1958, the papal conclave of 1958 met from 25 to 28 October and on the eleventh ballot elected Angelo Roncalli, Patriarch of Venice, to succeed him.
The papal conclave of 1963 was convoked following the death of Pope John XXIII on 3 June that year in the Apostolic Palace.
The papal conclave of 2013 was convened to elect a pope to succeed Pope Benedict XVI following his resignation on 28 February 2013.
The papal conclave of August 1978, the first of the two conclaves held that year, was convoked after the death of Pope Paul VI on 6 August 1978 at Castel Gandolfo.
The papal conclave of October 1978 was triggered by the death of Pope John Paul I on 28 September just 33 days after his election on 26 August.
A papal coronation was the ceremony of the placing of the papal tiara on a newly elected pope.
In the course of his papacy Pope Benedict XVI (r. 2005–2013) issued two documents altering certain details of the procedures for electing a pope: De electione romani pontificis on 11 June 2007 and Normas nonnullas on 22 February 2013.
The papal election of 1216 (July 18), was convoked after the death of Pope Innocent III in Perugia (July 16, 1216), elected Cardinal Cencio Camerario, who took the name of Honorius III.
The papal election of 1241 (September 21 to October 25) seen the election of Cardinal Goffredo da Castiglione as Pope Celestine IV.
The papal election of 1268–71 (from November 1268 to September 1, 1271), following the death of Pope Clement IV, was the longest papal election in the history of the Catholic Church.
The papal household or pontifical household (usually not capitalized in the media and other nonofficial use), called until 1968 the Papal Court (Aula Pontificia), consists of dignitaries who assist the pope in carrying out particular ceremonies of either a religious or a civil character.
Papal inauguration is a liturgical service of the Catholic Church within Mass celebrated in the Roman Rite but with elements of Byzantine Rite for the ecclesiastical investiture of a pope.
A papal name is the regnal name taken by a pope.
A papal renunciation (renuntiatio) occurs when the reigning pope of the Catholic Church voluntarily steps down from his position.
The papal tiara is a crown that was worn by popes of the Catholic Church from as early as the 8th century to the mid-20th.
Patricianship, the quality of belonging to a patriciate, began in the ancient world, where cities such as Ancient Rome had a class of patrician families whose members were the only people allowed to exercise many political functions.
A pectoral cross or pectorale (from the Latin pectoralis, "of the chest") is a cross that is worn on the chest, usually suspended from the neck by a cord or chain.
Perugia (Perusia) is the capital city of both the region of Umbria in central Italy, crossed by the river Tiber, and of the province of Perugia.
The "Pontifical Anthem and March" (Inno e Marcia Pontificale), also known as the "Papal Anthem", is the anthem played to mark the presence of the Pope or one of his representatives, such as a nuncio, and on other solemn occasions.
The pope (papa from πάππας pappas, a child's word for "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff (from Latin pontifex maximus "greatest priest"), is the Bishop of Rome and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.
Pope Adrian V (Adrianus V; c. 1210/122018 August 1276), born Ottobuono de' Fieschi, was Pope from 11 July to his death on 18 August 1276.
Pope Adrian VI (Hadrianus VI), born Adriaan Florensz Boeyens (2 March 1459 – 14 September 1523), was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 9 January 1522 until his death on 14 September 1523.
Pope Alexander IV (1199 or ca. 1185 – 25 May 1261) was Pope from 12 December 1254 to his death in 1261.
Pope Alexander VI, born Rodrigo de Borja (de Borja, Rodrigo Lanzol y de Borja; 1 January 1431 – 18 August 1503), was Pope from 11 August 1492 until his death.
Pope Benedict II (Benedictus II) was Pope from 26 June 684 to his death in 685.
Pope Benedict XV (Latin: Benedictus; Benedetto), born Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa (21 November 1854 – 22 January 1922), was head of the Catholic Church from 3 September 1914 until his death in 1922.
Pope Benedict XVI (Benedictus XVI; Benedetto XVI; Benedikt XVI; born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger;; 16 April 1927) served as Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 2005 until his resignation in 2013.
Pope Boniface I (Bonifatius I; died 4 September 422) was Pope from 28 December 418 to his death in 422.
Pope Celestine V (Caelestinus V; 1215 – 19 May 1296), born Pietro Angelerio (according to some sources Angelario, Angelieri, Angelliero, or Angeleri), also known as Pietro da Morrone, Peter of Morrone, and Peter Celestine, was pope for five months from 5 July to 13 December 1294, when he resigned.
Pope Cornelius (died June 253) was the Bishop of Rome from 6 or 13 March 251 to his martyrdom in 253.
Pope Francis (Franciscus; Francesco; Francisco; born Jorge Mario Bergoglio; 17 December 1936) is the 266th and current Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State.
Gregory VII (Gregorius VII; 1015 – 25 May 1085), born Hildebrand of Sovana (Ildebrando da Soana), was Pope from 22 April 1073 to his death in 1085.
Pope Gregory X (Gregorius X; – 10 January 1276), born Teobaldo Visconti, was Pope from 1 September 1271 to his death in 1276 and was a member of the Secular Franciscan Order.
Pope Gregory XII (Gregorius XII; – 18 October 1417), born Angelo Corraro, Corario," or Correr, was Pope from 30 November 1406 to 4 July 1415 when he was forced to resign to end the Western Schism.
Pope Gregory XV (Gregorius XV; 9 January 15548 July 1623), born Alessandro Ludovisi, was Pope from 9 February 1621 to his death in 1623.
Pope Innocent XI (Innocentius XI; 16 May 1611 – 12 August 1689), born Benedetto Odescalchi, ruled from 21 September 1676 to his death.
Pope Joan, 855–857, (Ioannes Anglicus) was, according to popular legend, a woman who reigned as pope for a few years during the Middle Ages.
Pope John II (Ioannes II; died 8 May 535) was Pope of the Catholic Church from 2 January 533 to his death in 535.
Pope John IX (Ioannes IX; died January 900) was Pope from January 898 to his death in 900.
Pope John Paul I (Ioannes Paulus I; Giovanni Paolo I; born Albino Luciani;; 17 October 191228 September 1978) served as Pope of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City from 26 August 1978 to his sudden death 33 days later.
Pope John Paul II (Ioannes Paulus II; Giovanni Paolo II; Jan Paweł II; born Karol Józef Wojtyła;; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) served as Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 to 2005.
Pope John XXI (Ioannes XXI; – 20 May 1277), born Peter Juliani (Petrus Iulianus; Pedro Julião), was Pope from 8 September 1276 to his death in 1277.
Pope John XXII (Ioannes XXII; 1244 – 4 December 1334), born Jacques Duèze (or d'Euse), was Pope from 7 August 1316 to his death in 1334.
Pope John XXIII (Ioannes; Giovanni; born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli,; 25 November 18813 June 1963) was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 28 October 1958 to his death in 1963 and was canonized on 27 April 2014.
Pope Leo X (11 December 1475 – 1 December 1521), born Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici, was Pope from 9 March 1513 to his death in 1521.
Pope Leo XIII (Leone; born Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci; 2 March 1810 – 20 July 1903) was head of the Catholic Church from 20 February 1878 to his death.
Pope Marcellus II (6 May 1501 – 1 May 1555), born Marcello Cervini degli Spannochi, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 9 April 1555 until his death 22 days later on 1 May 1555.
Pope Marinus I (also Martin II; died 15 May 884) was Pope from 16 December 882 until his death in 884.
Pope Saint Nicholas I (Nicolaus I; c. 800 – 13 November 867), also called Saint Nicholas the Great, was Pope from 24 April 858 to his death in 867.
Pope Nicholas II (Nicholaus II; c. 990/995 – 27 July 1061), born Gérard de Bourgogne, was Pope from 24 January 1059 until his death.
Pope Paul III (Paulus III; 29 February 1468 – 10 November 1549), born Alessandro Farnese, was Pope from 13 October 1534 to his death in 1549.
Pope Paul VI (Paulus VI; Paolo VI; born Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini; 26 September 1897 – 6 August 1978) reigned from 21 June 1963 to his death in 1978.
Pope Pius IV (31 March 1499 – 9 December 1565), born Giovanni Angelo Medici, was Pope from 25 December 1559 to his death in 1565.
Pope Pius IX (Pio; 13 May 1792 – 7 February 1878), born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, was head of the Catholic Church from 16 June 1846 to his death on 7 February 1878.
Pope Saint Pius X (Pio), born Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto, (2 June 1835 – 20 August 1914) was head of the Catholic Church from August 1903 to his death in 1914.
Pope Pius XI, (Pio XI) born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (31 May 1857 – 10 February 1939), was head of the Catholic Church from 6 February 1922 to his death in 1939.
Pope Pius XII (Pio XII), born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (2 March 18769 October 1958), was the Pope of the Catholic Church from 2 March 1939 to his death.
Pope Sixtus V or Xystus V (13 December 1521 – 27 August 1590), born Felice Peretti di Montalto, was Pope of the Catholic Church from 24 April 1585 to his death in 1590.
Pope Stephen III (Stephanus III; d. 1 February 772) was the Pope from 7 August 768 to his death in 772.
Urban VI (Urbanus VI; c. 1318 – 15 October 1389), born Bartolomeo Prignano, was Pope from 8 April 1378 to his death in 1389.
Pope Zachary (Zacharias; 679 – 15 March 752) reigned from 3 December or 5 December 741 to his death in 752.
Potassium chlorate is a compound containing potassium, chlorine and oxygen atoms, with the molecular formula KClO3.
Potassium perchlorate is the inorganic salt with the chemical formula KClO4.
A procession (French procession via Middle English, derived from Latin, processio, from procedere, to go forth, advance, proceed) is an organized body of people walking in a formal or ceremonial manner.
Prospero Caterini (15 October 1795, Onano – 28 October 1881, Rome) was an Italian cardinal.
Protodeacon derives from the Greek proto- meaning 'first' and diakonos, which is a standard ancient Greek word meaning "assistant", "servant", or "waiting-man".
Quia propter (Latin: "Wherefore by…") was a document issued by the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215 on the subject of papal elections.
The Quirinal Palace (known in Italian as the Palazzo del Quirinale or simply Quirinale) is a historic building in Rome, Italy, one of the three current official residences of the President of the Italian Republic, together with Villa Rosebery in Naples and Tenuta di Castelporziano in Rome.
Radio jamming is the deliberate jamming, blocking or interference with authorized wireless communications.
Raniero Cantalamessa, O.F.M. Cap. (born July 22, 1934) is an Italian Catholic priest in the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin and theologian.
Reginald Pole (12 March 1500 – 17 November 1558) was an English cardinal of the Catholic Church and the last Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury, holding the office from 1556 to 1558, during the Counter Reformation.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
The resignation of Pope Benedict XVI occurred on 28 February 2013 at 20:00 (8:00 PM) CET (19:00 UTC).
The Ring of the Fisherman (Latin: Annulus Piscatoris; Italian: Anello Piscatorio), also known as the Piscatory Ring, is an official part of the regalia worn by the Pope, who is head of the Catholic Church and successor of Saint Peter, who was a fisherman by trade.
A rochet is a white vestment generally worn by a Roman Catholic or Anglican bishop in choir dress.
The Archdiocese of Milan (Arcidiocesi di Milano; Archidioecesis Mediolanensis) is a metropolitan see of the Catholic Church in Italy which covers the areas of Milan, Monza, Lecco and Varese.
Romano Pontifici eligendo was the apostolic constitution governing the election of popes that was promulgated by Pope Paul VI in 1 October 1975.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Rosin, also called colophony or Greek pitch (pix græca), is a solid form of resin obtained from pines and some other plants, mostly conifers, produced by heating fresh liquid resin to vaporize the volatile liquid terpene components.
Saeculum obscurum (the Dark Age) is a name given to a period in the history of the Papacy during the first half of the 10th century, beginning with the installation of Pope Sergius III in 904 and lasting for sixty years until the death of Pope John XII in 964.
Saint Peter (Syriac/Aramaic: ܫܸܡܥܘܿܢ ܟܹ݁ܐܦ݂ܵܐ, Shemayon Keppa; שמעון בר יונה; Petros; Petros; Petrus; r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68), also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, or Simon, according to the New Testament, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, leaders of the early Christian Great Church.
The Second Council of Lyon was the fourteenth ecumenical council of the Catholic Church, convoked on 31 March 1272 and convened in Lyon, France, in 1274.
The Second Council of the Lateran is believed to have been the tenth ecumenical council held by the Roman Catholic Church.
Sede vacante in the canon law of the Catholic Church is the vacancy of the episcopal see of a particular church and especially that of the papacy.
The Siri thesis is the assertion that Cardinal Giuseppe Siri, the conservative Archbishop of Genoa since 1946, was elected pope in the 1958 papal conclave, taking the name Pope Gregory XVII, but that his election was then suppressed.
The Sistine Chapel (Sacellum Sixtinum; Cappella Sistina) is a chapel in the Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the Pope, in Vatican City.
The Papal Basilica of St.
Stage fright or performance anxiety is the anxiety, fear, or persistent phobia which may be aroused in an individual by the requirement to perform in front of an audience, whether actually or potentially (for example, when performing before a camera).
The stole is a liturgical vestment of various Christian denominations.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
A supermajority or supra-majority or a qualified majority, is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level of support which is greater than the threshold of one-half used for majority.
In the Roman Catholic Church, the Synod of Bishops is an advisory body for the Pope.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Third Council of the Lateran met in March 1179 as the eleventh ecumenical council.
Tomáš Josef Špidlík, SJ (17 December 1919 – 16 April 2010) was a Czech prelate of the Catholic Church.
The two-round system (also known as the second ballot, runoff voting or ballotage) is a voting method used to elect a single winner, where the voter casts a single vote for their chosen candidate.
U.S. News & World Report is an American media company that publishes news, opinion, consumer advice, rankings, and analysis.
Ubi periculum (Where danger) was a papal bull promulgated by Pope Gregory X during the Second Council of Lyon on 7 July 1274 that established the papal conclave as the method of selection for a pope.
Universi Dominici gregis is an apostolic constitution of the Catholic Church issued by Pope John Paul II on 22 February 1996.
The University of Pittsburgh School of Law (sometimes referred to as Pitt Law) was founded in 1895.
Urbi et Orbi ("to the City of Rome and to the World") denotes a papal address and apostolic blessing given to the city of Rome and to the entire world by the Roman pontiff on certain solemn occasions.
Vatican City (Città del Vaticano; Civitas Vaticana), officially the Vatican City State or the State of Vatican City (Stato della Città del Vaticano; Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent state located within the city of Rome.
"Veni Creator Spiritus" ("Come Creator Spirit") is a hymn believed to have been written by Rabanus Maurus in the 9th century.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
The Vicar General for Vatican City, more formally the Vicar General of His Holiness for Vatican City, is the vicar general for the part of the Diocese of Rome that lies within Vatican City.
Viterbo (Viterbese: Veterbe, Viterbium) is an ancient city and comune in the Lazio region of central Italy, the capital of the province of Viterbo.
In historiography, the Western Roman Empire refers to the western provinces of the Roman Empire at any one time during which they were administered by a separate independent Imperial court, coequal with that administering the eastern half, then referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire.
The Western Schism, also called Papal Schism, Great Occidental Schism and Schism of 1378, was a split within the Catholic Church lasting from 1378 to 1417 in which two, since 1410 even three, men simultaneously claimed to be the true pope.
Wi-Fi or WiFi is technology for radio wireless local area networking of devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.
Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.
The zucchetto (meaning "small gourd", from zucca, "pumpkin") is a small, hemispherical, form-fitting ecclesiastical skullcap worn by clerics of various Catholic churches, the Syriac Orthodox Church, and by the higher clergy in Anglicanism.
Conclave, Conclaves, Election of a new pope, Election of pope, Election of the Bishop of Rome, Election of the Pope, Election of the Popes, Election of the bishop of Rome, Election of the pope, Elections in Vatican City, Eligo in Summum Pontificem, Fumata bianca, Fumata nera, Fumata nera and fumata bianca, New pope, Next pope, Papal Conclave, Papal Election, Papal Elections, Papal conclaves, Papal election, Papal elections, Papal selection, Papal succession, Room of Tears, Sacred Conclave, The process of selecting a Pope, White smoke, Who elects the new pope.