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Index Paraguay

Paraguay (Paraguái), officially the Republic of Paraguay (República del Paraguay; Tetã Paraguái), is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest. [1]

266 relations: Active duty, Afro-Eurasia, Afro-Paraguayan, Air force, Alfredo Stroessner, Alicia Pucheta, Alto Paraguay Department, Alto Paraná Department, Amambay Department, Americas, Andrés Rodríguez (politician), Antonio Ruiz de Montoya, Apa River, Areguá, Argentina, Armed forces of Paraguay, Army, Association football, Asunción, Augusto Roa Bastos, Authentic Radical Liberal Party, Authoritarianism, Ñandutí, Ñeembucú Department, Bagel, Bahá'í Faith, Bandeirantes, Basketball, Battle of Cerro Corá, BBC News, Bibliography of Paraguay, Blanca Ovelar, Bolivia, Boquerón department, Brazil, Brazilians, Bruderhof Communities, Caacupé, Caaguazú Department, Caazapá, Caazapá Department, Cacique, Canindeyú Department, Cannon, Carlos Antonio López, Cassava, Catholic Church, Cement, Central Department, Chaco War, ..., Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay, Chess, Chipa, Christianity, Cinema of Paraguay, Ciudad del Este, Civil law (legal system), Clarín (Argentine newspaper), Coat of arms of Paraguay, Commander-in-chief, Concepción Department, Paraguay, Concepción, Paraguay, Congress of Paraguay, Conscription, Constitution of Paraguay, Constitutional republic, Cordillera Department, Cornbread, Cornmeal, Coronel Oviedo, Coup d'état, Domingo Laíno, Drug Enforcement Administration, Empire of Brazil, Encarnación, Paraguay, Encyclopædia Britannica, Ethnolinguistics, Evangelicalism, Export, Félix de Azara, February Revolution (Paraguay), Fernando Lugo, Filadelfia, Food and Agriculture Organization, Fortification, Fortress of Humaitá, Francisco Solano López, Fuerte Olimpo, Fulgencio Yegros, Futsal, Germans in Paraguay, Gini coefficient, Golf, Gran Chaco, Grand marshal, Guairá Department, Guaraní people, Guarani language, Guarania (music), Guaycuru peoples, Head of government, Head of state, Higinio Morínigo, Hohenau, Paraguay, Hong Kong, Horacio Cartes, Hydroelectricity, Impeachment of Fernando Lugo, Imperial Brazilian Army, Independence of Paraguay, Index of Paraguay-related articles, Indigenous peoples, Indigenous peoples in Paraguay, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Interhemispheric Resource Center, International Futures, International isolation, International Monetary Fund, Interracial marriage, Iron ore, ISO 3166-2:PY, Isolationism, Itapúa Department, Japanese Paraguayans, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue, Jesuit reduction, Jews, Jopara language, José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia, José Ricardo Mazó, Juan Carlos Wasmosy, Juan de Salazar de Espinosa, Judiciary, Killed in action, Koreans in Paraguay, Landlocked country, Lebanese Paraguayans, Lebanon, Legislature, Liberation theology, Lima Group, Lingua franca, Lino Oviedo, List of countries and dependencies by area, Literacy, Luis Ángel González Macchi, Luis María Argaña, Maquiladora, Marines, Mariscal Estigarribia, Mennonites, Mercosur, Mestizo, Mexico, Miami, Military dictatorship, Mineral industry of Paraguay, Misiones Department, Mormonism, Mortar (weapon), Motorsport, Mulatto, Multi-party system, Multiracial, Music of Paraguay, Naval aviation, Navy, Neuland Colony, Non-aggression pact, Non-Aligned Movement, Nueva Germania, Obligado, Official language, Organization of American States, Outline of Paraguay, Paraguarí, Paraguarí Department, Paraguay, Paraguay River, Paraguayan Army, Paraguayan Civil War (1922), Paraguayan Civil War (1947), Paraguayan Communist Party, Paraguayan guaraní, Paraguayan National Anthem, Paraguayan Spanish, Paraguayan War, Payaguá, Pedro Juan Caballero, Paraguay, Pharmaceutical industry, Pilar, Paraguay, Poles, President of Paraguay, Presidente Hayes Department, Presidential system, Protectionism, Raúl Cubas Grau, Rafael Franco, Rail transport, Reductions, Representative democracy, Rio de Janeiro, Roque Vallejos, Rowing (sport), Rugby union, Salto del Guairá, San Juan Bautista, Paraguay, San Pedro de Ycuamandiyú, San Pedro Department, Paraguay, Senate of Paraguay, Separation of powers, Society of Jesus, Sopa paraguaya, South America, Southwestern United States, Soybean, Spain, Spanish colonization of the Americas, Spanish Empire, Spanish language, Special forces, Steel, Stevia, Subtropics, Swimming (sport), Syncretism, Tariff, Telegraphy, Telephone numbers in Paraguay, Tennis, The Social Contract, Time in Paraguay, Tribunal, Tropical climate, Tung oil, Ukrainians in Paraguay, UNESCO, Union of South American Nations, Unitary state, United Nations, United Nations Charter, Universidad Americana (Paraguay), Universidad Autónoma de Asunción (university), Universidad Católica "Nuestra Señora de la Asunción", Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Uruguay, UTC−04:00, Utopia, Venancio Flores, Vice President of Paraguay, Vigilante, Villa Hayes, Villarrica, Paraguay, Volleyball, Warship, William Rubinstein, World Bank, World Heritage site, Ybycuí, Yerba mate, .py, 19th parallel south, 28th parallel south, 54th meridian west, 63rd meridian west. Expand index (216 more) »

Active duty

Active duty is a full-time occupation as part of a military force, as opposed to reserve duty.

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Afro-Eurasia (or Afroeurasia,Field, Henry. "", American Anthropologist, New Series Vol. 50, No. 3, Part 1 (Jul. - Sep., 1948), pp. 479-493. or Eurafrasia, or nicknamed the World Island) is a landmass which can be subdivided into Africa and Eurasia (which can be further subdivided into Asia and Europe).

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Afro-Paraguayan are Paraguayans of African descent.

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Air force

An air force, also known in some countries as an aerospace force or air army, is in the broadest sense, the national military branch that primarily conducts aerial warfare.

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Alfredo Stroessner

Alfredo Stroessner Matiauda (November 3, 1912 – August 16, 2006) was a Paraguayan military officer who served as President of Paraguay from 1954 to 1989.

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Alicia Pucheta

Alicia Beatriz Pucheta de Correa (née Pucheta Valoriani; born January 14, 1950) is a Paraguayan lawyer and politician.

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Alto Paraguay Department

Alto Paraguay (Upper Paraguay) is a sparsely populated department of Paraguay.

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Alto Paraná Department

Alto Paraná (Upper Paraná) is a department in Paraguay.

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Amambay Department

Amambay is a department in Paraguay.

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The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.

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Andrés Rodríguez (politician)

Andrés Rodríguez Pedotti (June 19, 1923 – April 21, 1997) was the President of Paraguay from February 3, 1989 to August 15, 1993.

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Antonio Ruiz de Montoya

Antonio Ruiz de Montoya was born in Lima, Peru, on 13 June 1585 and died there on 11 April 1652.

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Apa River

The Apa River (Spanish: Río Apa, Portuguese: Rio Apa) is a river of Paraguay and Brazil.

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Areguá is one of the main cities of Central Department in Paraguay, located from the capital, Asunción.

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Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.

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Armed forces of Paraguay

The Armed forces of Paraguay (Fuerzas Armadas de Paraguay) consist of the Paraguayan army, navy (including naval aviation and marine corps) and air force.

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An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" (feminine)) or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Asunción is the capital and largest city of Paraguay.

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Augusto Roa Bastos

Augusto Roa Bastos (June 13, 1917 – April 26, 2005) was a Paraguayan novelist and short story writer.

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Authentic Radical Liberal Party

The Authentic Radical Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Radical Auténtico or PLRA) is a centrist liberal political party in Paraguay.

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Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms.

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Ñandutí is a traditional Paraguayan embroidered lace, introduced by the Spaniards, that is related to Teneriffe lace.

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Ñeembucú Department

Ñeembucú (Guaraní: Ñe'ẽmbuku) is a department located in the south of the Eastern Region of Paraguay.

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A bagel (בײגל; bajgiel), also spelled beigel, is a bread product originating in the Jewish communities of Poland.

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Bahá'í Faith

The Bahá'í Faith (بهائی) is a religion teaching the essential worth of all religions, and the unity and equality of all people.

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The Bandeirantes were 17th-century Portuguese settlers in Brazil and fortune hunters.

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Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.

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Battle of Cerro Corá

The Battle of Cerro Corá was fought on 1 March 1870 on a hill-surrounded valley of the same name, in the north-east of Paraguay.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Bibliography of Paraguay

This is a bibliography of Paraguay.

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Blanca Ovelar

Blanca Margarita Ovelar de Duarte (born September 2, 1957) is a Paraguayan politician and former Minister of Education.

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Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.

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Boquerón department

Boquerón is a department in the western region of Paraguay.

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Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.

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Brazilians (brasileiros in Portuguese) are citizens of Brazil.

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Bruderhof Communities

The Bruderhof (place of brothers) is a Christian movement that practices community of goods after the example of the first church described in Acts 2 and Acts 4.

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Caacupé (Guarani: Ka'akupe) is a city and district in Paraguay.

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Caaguazú Department

Caaguazú is a department in Paraguay.

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Caazapá is a city in Paraguay, founded in 1607, by Friar Luis de Bolaños.

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Caazapá Department

Caazapá is a department in Paraguay.

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A cacique (feminine form: cacica) is a leader of an indigenous group, derived from the Taíno word kasikɛ for the pre-Columbian tribal chiefs in the Bahamas, the Greater Antilles, and the northern Lesser Antilles.

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Canindeyú Department

Canindeyú is a department in Paraguay.

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A cannon (plural: cannon or cannons) is a type of gun classified as artillery that launches a projectile using propellant.

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Carlos Antonio López

Carlos Antonio López Ynsfrán (November 4, 1792 – September 10, 1862) served as leader of Paraguay from 1841 to 1862.

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Manihot esculenta, commonly called cassava, manioc, yuca, mandioca and Brazilian arrowroot, is a woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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A cement is a binder, a substance used for construction that sets, hardens and adheres to other materials, binding them together.

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Central Department

Central is a department in Paraguay.

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Chaco War

The Chaco War (1932–1935; Guerra del Chaco, Cháko Ñorairõ. Secretaría Nacional de Cultura de Paraguay) was fought between Bolivia and Paraguay over control of the northern part of the Gran Chaco region (known in Spanish as Chaco Boreal) of South America, which was thought to be rich in oil.

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Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay

The Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of Paraguay's bicameral legislature, the National Congress.

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Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.

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Chipa (Chipá) is a type of small, baked, cheese-flavored rolls, a popular snack and breakfast food in Paraguay and the Northeast of Argentina.

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ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Cinema of Paraguay

The cinema of Paraguay has historically been small.

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Ciudad del Este

Ciudad del Este (Spanish for City of the East) initialed CDE is the second largest city in Paraguay and capital of the Alto Paraná Department, situated on the Paraná River.

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Civil law (legal system)

Civil law, civilian law, or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of Roman law, the main feature of which is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.

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Clarín (Argentine newspaper)

Clarín (meaning "Bugle") is the largest newspaper in Argentina, published by the Grupo Clarín media group.

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Coat of arms of Paraguay

The national coat of arms or national seal of Paraguay ("Escudo de Armas") or ("Sello Nacional") has the following construction.

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A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.

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Concepción Department, Paraguay

Concepción is a department of Paraguay.

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Concepción, Paraguay

Concepción is a city & district in northern Paraguay and capital of the Concepción Department.

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Congress of Paraguay

Paraguay's bicameral Congress (Congreso) consists of a 45-member Senate and an 80-member Chamber of Deputies.

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Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.

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Constitution of Paraguay

The Republic of Paraguay is governed under the constitution of 1992, which is the country's sixth since independence from Spain in 1811.

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Constitutional republic

A Constitutional republic is a republic that operates under a system of separation of powers, where both the chief executive and members of the legislature are elected by the citizens and must govern within an existing written constitution.

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Cordillera Department

Cordillera is a department in Paraguay.

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Cornbread is any quick bread containing cornmeal.

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Cornmeal is a meal (coarse flour) ground from dried maize (corn).

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Coronel Oviedo

Coronel Oviedo, locally simply known as Oviedo, is a city in east-central Paraguay.

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Coup d'état

A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.

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Domingo Laíno

Domingo Isabelino Laíno Figueredo (July 8, 1935 in Asunción, Paraguay) is a Paraguayan politician, economist, and activist.

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Drug Enforcement Administration

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is a United States federal law enforcement agency under the United States Department of Justice, tasked with combating drug smuggling and use within the United States.

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Empire of Brazil

The Empire of Brazil was a 19th-century state that broadly comprised the territories which form modern Brazil and (until 1828) Uruguay.

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Encarnación, Paraguay

Encarnación is a district and the capital city of Itapúa Department in Paraguay, located at the south-east of the department, on the right-hand (western) shore of the Paraná River, opposite Posadas, Argentina.

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Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

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Ethnolinguistics (sometimes called cultural linguistics) is a field of linguistics that studies the relationship between language and culture and how different ethnic groups perceive the world.

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Evangelicalism, evangelical Christianity, or evangelical Protestantism, is a worldwide, crossdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity which maintains the belief that the essence of the Gospel consists of the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.

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The term export means sending of goods or services produced in one country to another country.

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Félix de Azara

Félix Manuel de Azara (18 May 1746 – 20 October 1821) was a Spanish military officer, naturalist, and engineer.

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February Revolution (Paraguay)

February Revolution in Paraguay was a military coup d’état on February 17, 1936 that brought to power colonel Rafael Franco.

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Fernando Lugo

Fernando Armindo Lugo Méndez (born 30 May 1951) is a Paraguayan politician who was President of Paraguay from 2008 to 2012.

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Filadelfia is the capital of Boquerón Department in the Gran Chaco of western Paraguay.

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Food and Agriculture Organization

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.

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A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare; and is also used to solidify rule in a region during peacetime.

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Fortress of Humaitá

The Fortress of Humaitá (1854–68), known metaphorically as the Gibraltar of South America, was a Paraguayan military installation near the mouth of the River Paraguay.

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Francisco Solano López

Francisco Solano López (24 July 1827 – 1 March 1870) was President of Paraguay from 1862 until his death in 1870.

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Fuerte Olimpo

Fuerte Olimpo is a city in Paraguay.

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Fulgencio Yegros

Fulgencio Yegros y Franco de Torres (born 1780 in Quyquyhó, died 1821) was Paraguayan soldier and first head of state of independent Paraguay.

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Futsal is a variant of association football played on a hard court, smaller than a football pitch, and mainly indoors.

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Germans in Paraguay

The German minority in Paraguay came into existence with immigration during the industrial age.

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Gini coefficient

In economics, the Gini coefficient (sometimes expressed as a Gini ratio or a normalized Gini index) is a measure of statistical dispersion intended to represent the income or wealth distribution of a nation's residents, and is the most commonly used measurement of inequality.

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Golf is a club-and-ball sport in which players use various clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strokes as possible.

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Gran Chaco

The Gran Chaco or Dry Chaco is a sparsely populated, hot and semi-arid lowland natural region of the Río de la Plata basin, divided among eastern Bolivia, western Paraguay, northern Argentina and a portion of the Brazilian states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, where it is connected with the Pantanal region.

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Grand marshal

Grand marshal is a ceremonial, military, or political office of very high rank.

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Guairá Department

Guairá is a department in Paraguay.

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Guaraní people

Guaraní are a group of culturally related indigenous peoples of South America.

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Guarani language

Guarani, specifically the primary variety known as Paraguayan Guarani (endonym avañe'ẽ 'the people's language'), is an indigenous language of South America that belongs to the Tupi–Guarani family of the Tupian languages.

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Guarania (music)

Guarania is a style of music created in Paraguay by musician José Asunción Flores in 1925 with the purpose of expressing the character of the Paraguayan people.

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Guaycuru peoples

Guaycuru or Guaykuru is a generic term for several ethnic groups indigenous to the Gran Chaco region of South America, speaking related Guaicuruan languages.

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Head of government

A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.

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Head of state

A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.

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Higinio Morínigo

General Higinio Morínigo Martínez (January 11, 1897 – January 27, 1983) was a general and political figure in Paraguay.

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Hohenau, Paraguay

Hohenau is a city & district of the Itapúa Department, Paraguay, located 8 kilometers away from Trinidad and 365 kilometers away from Asunción.

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.

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Horacio Cartes

Horacio Manuel Cartes Jara OSC (born 5 July 1956) is a Paraguayan businessman currently serving as the President of Paraguay, as of the Paraguayan general election, 2013.

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Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower.

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Impeachment of Fernando Lugo

Fernando Lugo, elected President of Paraguay in 2008, was impeached and removed from office by the Congress of Paraguay in June 2012.

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Imperial Brazilian Army

The Imperial Brazilian Army (Portuguese: Exército Imperial Brasileiro) was the name given to the land force of the Empire of Brazil.

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Independence of Paraguay

Independence of Paraguay de facto started on May 14–15 of 1811 after the Revolution of May 14 when a local ruling junta was created.

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Index of Paraguay-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the Republic of Paraguay.

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Indigenous peoples

Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.

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Indigenous peoples in Paraguay

Indigenous peoples in Paraguay, or Native Paraguayans, include 17 ethnic groups belonging to five language families.

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Indigenous peoples of the Americas

The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.

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Interhemispheric Resource Center

The Interhemispheric Resource Center (IRC), which later became the International Relations Center, was a policy studies institute founded in 1979 in Albuquerque, New Mexico, focusing initially on "The plight of undocumented Mexican workers and the impact of energy development on indigenous communities in the Southwest".

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International Futures

International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.

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International isolation

International isolation is a penalty applied by the international community or a sizeable or powerful group of countries, like the United Nations, towards one nation, government or people group.

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International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.

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Interracial marriage

Interracial marriage is a form of marriage outside a specific social group (exogamy) involving spouses who belong to different socially-defined races or racialized ethnicities.

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Iron ore

Iron ores are rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be economically extracted.

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ISO 3166-2:PY

ISO 3166-2:PY is the entry for Paraguay in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

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Isolationism is a category of foreign policies institutionalized by leaders who assert that their nations' best interests are best served by keeping the affairs of other countries at a distance.

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Itapúa Department

Itapúa is a department in the southern region of Paraguay.

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Japanese Paraguayans

Japanese Paraguayans (Japonés Paraguayo, 日系パラグアイ人 Nikkei Paraguaijin) are Paraguayans of Japanese ethnicity.

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer and composer.

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Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue

The Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue (Misiones Jesuíticas de La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná y Jesús de Tavarangue) are located in the Itapúa Department, Paraguay, and are religious mission that are still preserved and that were founded by the Jesuit missioners during the colonization of South America in the 17th century.

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Jesuit reduction

A Jesuit reduction was a type of settlement for indigenous people in North and South America established by the Jesuit Order from the 16th to the 18th centuries.

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Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.

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Jopara language

Jopara (or Yopará is a colloquial form of Guarani spoken in Paraguay which uses a number of Spanish loan words. Its name is from the Guarani word for "mixture." The majority of Paraguayans, particularly younger ones, speak some form of Jopara.

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José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia


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José Ricardo Mazó

José Ricardo Mazó (Pilar, 1927- Asunción, 1987), the Paraguayan poet, was born in Pilar, in the department of Ñeembucú.

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Juan Carlos Wasmosy

Juan Carlos Wasmosy Monti (born December 15, 1938) was the president of Paraguay from August 15, 1993 until August 15, 1998.

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Juan de Salazar de Espinosa

Juan de Salazar y Espinosa (1508–1560) was a Spanish explorer, founder of the Paraguayan city of Asunción.

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The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.

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Killed in action

Killed in action (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces.

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Koreans in Paraguay

Koreans in Paraguay formed one of the earliest Korean diaspora communities in Latin America.

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Landlocked country

A landlocked state or landlocked country is a sovereign state entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas.

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Lebanese Paraguayans

The arrival of immigrants of Lebanese origin to Paraguay consisted of a large number of people who have settled in this country, bringing their customs and way of life.

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Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.

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A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.

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Liberation theology

Liberation theology is a synthesis of Christian theology and Marxist socio-economic analyses that emphasizes social concern for the poor and the political liberation for oppressed peoples.

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Lima Group

The Lima Group (GL; Grupo de Lima, Grupo de Lima) is a multilateral body that was established following the Lima Declaration on 8 August 2017 in the Peruvian capital of Lima, where representatives of 17 countries met in order to establish a peaceful exit to the crisis in Venezuela.

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Lingua franca

A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vernacular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.

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Lino Oviedo

Lino César Oviedo Silva (September 23, 1943 – February 2, 2013) was a Paraguayan politician and army general.

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List of countries and dependencies by area

This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area.

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Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.

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Luis Ángel González Macchi

Luis Ángel González Macchi (born December 13, 1947, in Asunción) was the President of Paraguay from 1999 until 2003.

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Luis María Argaña

Luis María del Corazón de Jesús Dionisio Argaña Ferraro (October 3, 1932 in Asunción – March 23, 1999 in Asunción) was a prominent Paraguayan politician and Supreme Court judge.

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In Mexico, a maquiladora or maquila is a manufacturing operation, where factories import certain material and equipment on a duty-free and tariff-free basis for assembly, processing, or manufacturing and then export the assembled, processed and/or manufactured products, sometimes back to the raw materials' country of origin.

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Marines, also known as a marine corps or naval infantry, are typically an infantry force that specializes in the support of naval and army operations at sea and on land, as well as the execution of their own operations.

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Mariscal Estigarribia

Mariscal Estigarribia is a town in the Boquerón Department, Paraguay.

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The Mennonites are members of certain Christian groups belonging to the church communities of Anabaptist denominations named after Menno Simons (1496–1561) of Friesland (which today is a province of the Netherlands).

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Mercosur (also known as Mercosul or Ñemby Ñemuha) is a South American trade bloc established by the Treaty of Asunción in 1991 and Protocol of Ouro Preto in 1994.

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Mestizo is a term traditionally used in Spain, Latin America, and the Philippines that originally referred a person of combined European and Native American descent, regardless of where the person was born.

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Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.

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Miami is a major port city on the Atlantic coast of south Florida in the southeastern United States.

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Military dictatorship

A military dictatorship (also known as a military junta) is a form of government where in a military force exerts complete or substantial control over political authority.

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Mineral industry of Paraguay

The mineral industry of Paraguay includes the production of cement, iron and steel, and petroleum derivatives.

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Misiones Department

Misiones is a department located in the southern region of Paraguay.

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Mormonism is the predominant religious tradition of the Latter Day Saint movement of Restorationist Christianity started by Joseph Smith in Western New York in the 1820s and 30s.

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Mortar (weapon)

A mortar is usually a simple, lightweight, man portable, muzzle-loaded weapon, consisting of a smooth-bore metal tube fixed to a base plate (to absorb recoil) with a lightweight bipod mount.

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Motorsport or motor sport is a global term used to encompass the group of competitive sporting events which primarily involve the use of motorised vehicles, whether for racing or non-racing competition.

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Mulatto is a term used to refer to people born of one white parent and one black parent or to people born of a mulatto parent or parents.

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Multi-party system

A multi-party system is a system in which multiple political parties across the political spectrum run for national election, and all have the capacity to gain control of government offices, separately or in coalition.

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Multiracial is defined as made up of or relating to people of many races.

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Music of Paraguay

The folkloric traditional music of Paraguay is the Paraguayan polka and the Guarania.

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Naval aviation

Naval aviation is the application of military air power by navies, whether from warships that embark aircraft, or land bases.

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A navy or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake-borne, riverine, littoral, or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions.

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Neuland Colony

Neuland Colony is a Mennonite settlement in Paraguay.

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Non-aggression pact

A non-aggression pact or neutrality pact is a national treaty between two or more states/countries where the signatories promise not to engage in military action against each other.

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Non-Aligned Movement

The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.

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Nueva Germania

Nueva Germania (New Germania) is a district of San Pedro Department in Paraguay.

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Obligado is a city and district in the Itapúa Department of Paraguay.

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Official language

An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.

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Organization of American States

The Organization of American States (Organización de los Estados Americanos, Organização dos Estados Americanos, Organisation des États américains), or the OAS or OEA, is a continental organization that was founded on 30 April 1948, for the purposes of regional solidarity and cooperation among its member states.

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Outline of Paraguay

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Paraguay: Paraguay – one of the two landlocked countries in South America.

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Paraguarí (Guaraní: Paraguari) is a city, distrito and capital of Paraguarí Department in Paraguay, located 66 km from the country’s capital, Asunción.

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Paraguarí Department

Paraguarí (Guaraní: Paraguari) is a departamento in Paraguay.

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Paraguay (Paraguái), officially the Republic of Paraguay (República del Paraguay; Tetã Paraguái), is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest.

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Paraguay River

The Paraguay River (Río Paraguay in Spanish, Rio Paraguai in Portuguese, Ysyry Paraguái in Guarani) is a major river in south-central South America, running through Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina.

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Paraguayan Army

The Paraguayan Army is an institution of the State of Paraguay, organized into three divisions and 9, and several commands and directions, went to war three occasions, in the War of the Triple Alliance (1864–1870) against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay, Chaco War (1932–1935) against Bolivia, and the ongoing Paraguayan People's Army insurgency.

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Paraguayan Civil War (1922)

The Paraguayan Civil War (1922), took place between 27 May 1922 and 10 July 1923, within the borders of Paraguay.

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Paraguayan Civil War (1947)

The Paraguayan Civil War, also known as the Barefoot Revolution and the Second Paraguayan Civil War, was a conflict in Paraguay that lasted from March to August 1947.

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Paraguayan Communist Party

Paraguayan Communist Party (in Spanish: Partido Comunista Paraguayo) is a communist political party in Paraguay.

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Paraguayan guaraní

The guaraní (plural: guaraníes; sign: ₲; code: PYG) is the national currency unit of Paraguay.

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Paraguayan National Anthem

The "Paraguayan National Anthem" (Himno Nacional Paraguayo), also known alternatively as "Paraguayans, Republic or Death" (Paraguayos, República o Muerte), is the national anthem of Paraguay.

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Paraguayan Spanish

Paraguayan Spanish (español paraguayo) is a version of the Spanish language spoken in Paraguay.

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Paraguayan War

The Paraguayan War, also known as the War of the Triple Alliance and the Great War in Paraguay, was a South American war fought from 1864 to 1870 between Paraguay and the Triple Alliance of Argentina, the Empire of Brazil, and Uruguay.

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The Payaguá people, also called Evueví and Evebe, were a ethnic group of the Guaycuru peoples in the Northern Chaco of Paraguay.

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Pedro Juan Caballero, Paraguay

Pedro Juan Caballero is a Paraguayan city located in the Amambay Department of which it is the capital.

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Pharmaceutical industry

The pharmaceutical industry (or medicine industry) is the commercial industry that discovers, develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceutical drugs for use as different types of medicine and medications.

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Pilar, Paraguay

Pilar is the capital city of the Paraguayan department of Ñeembucú, located along the Paraguay River in the southwestern part of the country.

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The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Polish language.

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President of Paraguay

The President of Paraguay (Presidente de la República del Paraguay) is according to the Constitution of Paraguay the head of the executive branch of the Government of Paraguay, both head of state and head of government.

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Presidente Hayes Department

Presidente Hayes is a department in Paraguay.

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Presidential system

A presidential system is a democratic and republican system of government where a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.

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Protectionism is the economic policy of restricting imports from other countries through methods such as tariffs on imported goods, import quotas, and a variety of other government regulations.

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Raúl Cubas Grau

Raúl Alberto Cubas Grau (born August 23, 1943 in Asunción) is a Paraguayan politician.

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Rafael Franco

Rafael de la Cruz Franco Ojeda (October 22, 1896 – September 16, 1973) was President of Paraguay from February 17, 1936 to August 13, 1937.

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Rail transport

Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.

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Reductions or reducciones (Spanish for "congregations") (Portuguese: redução, plural reduções) were settlements created by Spanish rulers in Latin America.

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Representative democracy

Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative republic or psephocracy) is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.

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Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

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Roque Vallejos

Roque Vallejos (Asunción 1943 - Asunción, 2 April 2006) was a poet, psychiatrist and essayist from Paraguay.

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Rowing (sport)

Rowing, often referred to as crew in the United States, is a sport whose origins reach back to Ancient Egyptian times.

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Rugby union

Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.

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Salto del Guairá

Salto del Guairá is a city in Paraguay.

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San Juan Bautista, Paraguay

San Juan Bautista, capital of the Department of Misiones, Paraguay, is considered the cradle of the religious mission culture.

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San Pedro de Ycuamandiyú

San Pedro de Ycuamandiyú is a city and distrito in Paraguay.

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San Pedro Department, Paraguay

San Pedro is a department of Paraguay.

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Senate of Paraguay

The Chamber of Senators of Paraguay (Cámara de Senadores), the upper house of the National Congress, has 45 members, elected for a five-year term by proportional representation.

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Separation of powers

The separation of powers is a model for the governance of a state.

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Society of Jesus

The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.

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Sopa paraguaya

Sopa paraguaya, Paraguayan soup, is a traditional Paraguayan food.

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South America

South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.

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Southwestern United States

The Southwestern United States (Suroeste de Estados Unidos; also known as the American Southwest) is the informal name for a region of the western United States.

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The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses.

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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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Spanish colonization of the Americas

The overseas expansion under the Crown of Castile was initiated under the royal authority and first accomplished by the Spanish conquistadors.

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Spanish Empire

The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español; Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Monarquía Católica) was one of the largest empires in history.

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Spanish language

Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.

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Special forces

Special forces and special operations forces are military units trained to conduct special operations.

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Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.

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Stevia is a sweetener and sugar substitute extracted from the leaves of the plant species Stevia rebaudiana.

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The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropics at latitude 23.5° (the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) and temperate zones (normally referring to latitudes 35–66.5°) north and south of the Equator.

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Swimming (sport)

Swimming is an individual or team sport that requires the use of ones arms and legs to move the body through water.

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Syncretism is the combining of different beliefs, while blending practices of various schools of thought.

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A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between sovereign states.

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Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε têle, "at a distance" and γράφειν gráphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.

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Telephone numbers in Paraguay

Telephone numbers in Paraguay all have the same format since 2002, consisting of the country code (595), followed by a phone number.

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Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).

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The Social Contract

The Social Contract, originally published as On the Social Contract; or, Principles of Political Rights (Du contrat social; ou Principes du droit politique) by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, is a 1762 book in which Rousseau theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality (1754).

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Time in Paraguay

Paraguay observes UTC−04:00 for standard time, and UTC−03:00 for daylight saving time.

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A tribunal, generally, is any person or institution with authority to judge, adjudicate on, or determine claims or disputes—whether or not it is called a tribunal in its title.

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Tropical climate

A tropical climate in the Köppen climate classification is a non-arid climate in which all twelve months have mean temperatures of at least.

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Tung oil

Tung oil or China wood oil is a drying oil obtained by pressing the seed from the nut of the tung tree (Vernicia fordii).

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Ukrainians in Paraguay

Ukrainians in Paraguay are an ethnic minority in Paraguay.

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

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Union of South American Nations

The Union of South American Nations (USAN; Unión de Naciones Suramericanas, UNASUR; União de Nações Sul-Americanas, UNASUL; Unie van Zuid-Amerikaanse Naties, UZAN; and sometimes referred to as the South American Union) is an intergovernmental regional organization comprising twelve South American countries.

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Unitary state

A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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United Nations Charter

The Charter of the United Nations (also known as the UN Charter) of 1945 is the foundational treaty of the United Nations, an intergovernmental organization.

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Universidad Americana (Paraguay)

The Universidad Americana (Spanish for American University) is a Paraguayan university, founded in 1994.

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Universidad Autónoma de Asunción (university)

The Universidad Autónoma de Asunción (Autonomous University of Asuncion) is a private university.

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Universidad Católica "Nuestra Señora de la Asunción"

The Universidad Católica "Nuestra Señora de la Asunción", Catholic University of Asunción, also known as Universidad Católica de Asunción (UCA) is a private pontifical university of Catholic obedience in Paraguay.

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Universidad Nacional de Asunción

The Universidad Nacional de Asunción or Mbo'ehaovusu Tetãgua Paraguaygua, abbreviated UNA, anglicized as, The National University of Asuncion, is a public university in Paraguay.

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Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.

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UTC−04:00 is a time offset that subtracts 4 hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

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A utopia is an imagined community or society that possesses highly desirable or nearly perfect qualities for its citizens.

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Venancio Flores

Venancio Flores Barrios (18 May 1808 – 19 February 1868) was a Uruguayan political leader and general.

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Vice President of Paraguay

The Vice President of Paraguay is the person with the second highest position in the executive branch of the Paraguayan government, after the President of Paraguay.

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A vigilante is a civilian or organization acting in a law enforcement capacity (or in the pursuit of self-perceived justice) without legal authority.

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Villa Hayes

Villa Hayes is a city in Paraguay, and is the capital of Presidente Hayes Department.

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Villarrica, Paraguay

Villarrica del Espíritu Santo, using its formal name is a city located in the middle of the Oriental Region of the Paraguayan territory, it is the capital of the Guairá Department.

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Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net.

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A warship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare.

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William Rubinstein

William D. Rubinstein (born August 12, 1946) is a historian and author.

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World Bank

The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.

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World Heritage site

A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.

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Ybycuí is a Paraguayan rural community of the department of Paraguari, located 120 km away from Asunción, and 40 km from the Ruta una (Route 1).

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Yerba mate

Yerba mate (from Spanish; erva-mate or; ka'a) is a species of the holly genus (Ilex), with the botanical name Ilex paraguariensis A. St.-Hil., named by the French botanist Auguste François César Prouvençal de Saint-Hilaire.

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.py is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Paraguay.

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19th parallel south

The 19th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 19 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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28th parallel south

The 28th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 28 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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54th meridian west

The meridian 54° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, Newfoundland, the Atlantic Ocean, South America, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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63rd meridian west

The meridian 63° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, North America, the Atlantic Ocean, South America, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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Redirects here:

Administrative divisions of Paraguay, Art of Paraguay, Culture of Paraguay, Culture of paraguay, Etymology of Paraguay, ISO 3166-1:PY, Name of Paraguay, Paragauy, Paraguai, Paraguayan, Paraguayan literature, Paraguayans, Paraguray, Paruaguayan, Republic Paraguay, Republic of Paraguay, República del Paraguay, Teta Paraguai, Tetã Paraguái.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paraguay

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