90 relations: Academic Press, Analytic geometry, Ancient Greek, Argument, Argument of a function, Attribute, Audio filter, Axiom, Bayesian probability, C (programming language), Chemistry, Combinatory logic, Computer programming, Computing, Coordinate system, Correlation and dependence, Cumulant, Currying, Curve, Dag Prawitz, Dependent and independent variables, Derivative, Duration (music), E (mathematical constant), Econometrics, Eiffel (programming language), Engineering, Equalization (audio), Equation, Estimand, Estimation theory, Estimator, Falling and rising factorials, Free variables and bound variables, Frequency, Frequentist inference, Function (mathematics), Functional programming, George Perle, Indexed family, James J. Kilpatrick, Lambda calculus, Lawrence Paulson, Linguistics, Logic, Loudness, Mathematical analysis, Mathematical constant, Mathematical model, Mathematics, ..., Mean, Microbiology, Moment (mathematics), Nonparametric statistics, Normal distribution, Occam's razor, Parameter (computer programming), Parametric equation, Parametric statistics, Parametrization, Paul Lansky, Pearson correlation coefficient, Percentile, Pitch (music), Poisson distribution, Principles and parameters, Probability distribution, Probability mass function, Probability theory, Quadratic function, Radioactive decay, Random variable, RLC circuit, Sample mean and covariance, Science, Serialism, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, Statistic, Statistical hypothesis testing, Statistical parameter, Statistical population, Statistics, System, TheFreeDictionary.com, Timbre, Unbiased estimation of standard deviation, Universal grammar, Variable, Variable (mathematics), Variance. Expand index (40 more) » « Shrink index
Academic Press is an academic book publisher.
In classical mathematics, analytic geometry, also known as coordinate geometry or Cartesian geometry, is the study of geometry using a coordinate system.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
In logic and philosophy, an argument is a series of statements typically used to persuade someone of something or to present reasons for accepting a conclusion.
In mathematics, an argument of a function is a specific input in the function, also known as an independent variable.
Attribute may refer to.
An audio filter is a frequency dependent amplifier circuit, working in the audio frequency range, 0 Hz to beyond 20 kHz.
An axiom or postulate is a statement that is taken to be true, to serve as a premise or starting point for further reasoning and arguments.
Bayesian probability is an interpretation of the concept of probability, in which, instead of frequency or propensity of some phenomenon, probability is interpreted as reasonable expectation representing a state of knowledge or as quantification of a personal belief.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Combinatory logic is a notation to eliminate the need for quantified variables in mathematical logic.
Computer programming is the process of building and designing an executable computer program for accomplishing a specific computing task.
Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computers.
In geometry, a coordinate system is a system which uses one or more numbers, or coordinates, to uniquely determine the position of the points or other geometric elements on a manifold such as Euclidean space.
In statistics, dependence or association is any statistical relationship, whether causal or not, between two random variables or bivariate data.
In probability theory and statistics, the cumulants of a probability distribution are a set of quantities that provide an alternative to the moments of the distribution.
In mathematics and computer science, currying is the technique of translating the evaluation of a function that takes multiple arguments (or a tuple of arguments) into evaluating a sequence of functions, each with a single argument.
In mathematics, a curve (also called a curved line in older texts) is, generally speaking, an object similar to a line but that need not be straight.
Dag Prawitz (born 1936, Stockholm) is a Swedish philosopher and logician.
In mathematical modeling, statistical modeling and experimental sciences, the values of dependent variables depend on the values of independent variables.
The derivative of a function of a real variable measures the sensitivity to change of the function value (output value) with respect to a change in its argument (input value).
In music, duration is an amount of time or a particular time interval: how long or short a note, phrase, section, or composition lasts.
The number is a mathematical constant, approximately equal to 2.71828, which appears in many different settings throughout mathematics.
Econometrics is the application of statistical methods to economic data and is described as the branch of economics that aims to give empirical content to economic relations.
Eiffel is an object-oriented programming language designed by Bertrand Meyer (an object-orientation proponent and author of Object-Oriented Software Construction) and Eiffel Software.
Engineering is the creative application of science, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations.
Equalization or equalisation is the process of adjusting the balance between frequency components within an electronic signal.
In mathematics, an equation is a statement of an equality containing one or more variables.
An estimand is a parameter which is to be estimated in a statistical analysis.
Estimation theory is a branch of statistics that deals with estimating the values of parameters based on measured empirical data that has a random component.
In statistics, an estimator is a rule for calculating an estimate of a given quantity based on observed data: thus the rule (the estimator), the quantity of interest (the estimand) and its result (the estimate) are distinguished.
In mathematics, the falling factorial (sometimes called the descending factorial, falling sequential product, or lower factorial) is defined as The rising factorial (sometimes called the Pochhammer function, Pochhammer polynomial, ascending factorial, (A reprint of the 1950 edition by Chelsea Publishing Co.) rising sequential product, or upper factorial) is defined as The value of each is taken to be 1 (an empty product) when n.
In mathematics, and in other disciplines involving formal languages, including mathematical logic and computer science, a free variable is a notation that specifies places in an expression where substitution may take place.
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time.
Frequentist inference is a type of statistical inference that draws conclusions from sample data by emphasizing the frequency or proportion of the data.
In mathematics, a function was originally the idealization of how a varying quantity depends on another quantity.
In computer science, functional programming is a programming paradigm—a style of building the structure and elements of computer programs—that treats computation as the evaluation of mathematical functions and avoids changing-state and mutable data.
George Perle (May 6, 1915 – January 23, 2009) was a composer and music theorist.
In mathematics, an indexed family is informally a collection of objects, each associated with an index from some index set.
James Jackson Kilpatrick (November 1, 1920 – August 15, 2010) was an American newspaper journalist, columnist, author, writer and grammarian.
Lambda calculus (also written as λ-calculus) is a formal system in mathematical logic for expressing computation based on function abstraction and application using variable binding and substitution.
Lawrence Charles Paulson (born 1955) is a Professor of Computational Logic at the University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory and a Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge.
Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.
Logic (from the logikḗ), originally meaning "the word" or "what is spoken", but coming to mean "thought" or "reason", is a subject concerned with the most general laws of truth, and is now generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of valid inference.
In acoustics, loudness is the subjective perception of sound pressure.
Mathematical analysis is the branch of mathematics dealing with limits and related theories, such as differentiation, integration, measure, infinite series, and analytic functions.
A mathematical constant is a special number that is "significantly interesting in some way".
A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
In mathematics, mean has several different definitions depending on the context.
Microbiology (from Greek μῑκρος, mīkros, "small"; βίος, bios, "life"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study of microorganisms, those being unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells).
In mathematics, a moment is a specific quantitative measure, used in both mechanics and statistics, of the shape of a set of points.
Nonparametric statistics is the branch of statistics that is not based solely on parameterized families of probability distributions (common examples of parameters are the mean and variance).
In probability theory, the normal (or Gaussian or Gauss or Laplace–Gauss) distribution is a very common continuous probability distribution.
Occam's razor (also Ockham's razor or Ocham's razor; Latin: lex parsimoniae "law of parsimony") is the problem-solving principle that, the simplest explanation tends to be the right one.
In computer programming, a parameter (often called formal parameter or formal argument) is a special kind of variable, used in a subroutine to refer to one of the pieces of data provided as input to the subroutine.
In mathematics, a parametric equation defines a group of quantities as functions of one or more independent variables called parameters.
Parametric statistics is a branch of statistics which assumes that sample data comes from a population that follows a probability distribution based on a fixed set of parameters.
Parametrization (or parameterization; also parameterisation, parametrisation) is the process of finding parametric equations of a curve, a surface, or, more generally, a manifold or a variety, defined by an implicit equation.
Paul Lansky (born June 18, 1944, in New York) is an American composer.
In statistics, the Pearson correlation coefficient (PCC, pronounced), also referred to as Pearson's r, the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient (PPMCC) or the bivariate correlation, is a measure of the linear correlation between two variables X and Y. It has a value between +1 and −1, where 1 is total positive linear correlation, 0 is no linear correlation, and −1 is total negative linear correlation.
A percentile (or a centile) is a measure used in statistics indicating the value below which a given percentage of observations in a group of observations fall.
Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.
In probability theory and statistics, the Poisson distribution (in English often rendered), named after French mathematician Siméon Denis Poisson, is a discrete probability distribution that expresses the probability of a given number of events occurring in a fixed interval of time or space if these events occur with a known constant rate and independently of the time since the last event.
Principles and parameters is a framework within generative linguistics in which the syntax of a natural language is described in accordance with general principles (i.e. abstract rules or grammars) and specific parameters (i.e. markers, switches) that for particular languages are either turned on or off.
In probability theory and statistics, a probability distribution is a mathematical function that provides the probabilities of occurrence of different possible outcomes in an experiment.
In probability and statistics, a probability mass function (pmf) is a function that gives the probability that a discrete random variable is exactly equal to some value.
Probability theory is the branch of mathematics concerned with probability.
In algebra, a quadratic function, a quadratic polynomial, a polynomial of degree 2, or simply a quadratic, is a polynomial function in one or more variables in which the highest-degree term is of the second degree.
Radioactive decay (also known as nuclear decay or radioactivity) is the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy (in terms of mass in its rest frame) by emitting radiation, such as an alpha particle, beta particle with neutrino or only a neutrino in the case of electron capture, gamma ray, or electron in the case of internal conversion.
In probability and statistics, a random variable, random quantity, aleatory variable, or stochastic variable is a variable whose possible values are outcomes of a random phenomenon.
An RLC circuit is an electrical circuit consisting of a resistor (R), an inductor (L), and a capacitor (C), connected in series or in parallel.
The sample mean or empirical mean and the sample covariance are statistics computed from a collection (the sample) of data on one or more random variables.
R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.
In music, serialism is a method of composition using series of pitches, rhythms, dynamics, timbres or other musical elements.
In statistics, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient or Spearman's rho, named after Charles Spearman and often denoted by the Greek letter \rho (rho) or as r_s, is a nonparametric measure of rank correlation (statistical dependence between the rankings of two variables).
A statistic (singular) or sample statistic is a single measure of some attribute of a sample (e.g. its arithmetic mean value).
A statistical hypothesis, sometimes called confirmatory data analysis, is a hypothesis that is testable on the basis of observing a process that is modeled via a set of random variables.
A statistical parameter or population parameter is a quantity that indexes a family of probability distributions.
In statistics, a population is a set of similar items or events which is of interest for some question or experiment.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
A system is a regularly interacting or interdependent group of items forming an integrated whole.
TheFreeDictionary.com is an American online dictionary and encyclopedia that gathers information from a variety of sources.
In music, timbre (also known as tone color or tone quality from psychoacoustics) is the perceived sound quality of a musical note, sound or tone.
In statistics and in particular statistical theory, unbiased estimation of a standard deviation is the calculation from a statistical sample of an estimated value of the standard deviation (a measure of statistical dispersion) of a population of values, in such a way that the expected value of the calculation equals the true value.
Universal grammar (UG) in linguistics, is the theory of the genetic component of the language faculty, usually credited to Noam Chomsky.
Variable may refer to.
In elementary mathematics, a variable is a symbol, commonly an alphabetic character, that represents a number, called the value of the variable, which is either arbitrary, not fully specified, or unknown.
In probability theory and statistics, variance is the expectation of the squared deviation of a random variable from its mean.