Authentica habita,, Encyclopædia Britannica, 2010.
In English law, the benefit of clergy (Law Latin: privilegium clericale) was originally a provision by which clergymen could claim that they were outside the jurisdiction of the secular courts and be tried instead in an ecclesiastical court under canon law.
Clerici vagantes or vagabundi (singular clericus vagans or vagabundus) is a medieval Latin term meaning "wandering clergy" applied in early canon law to those clergy who led a wandering life either because they had no benefice or because they had deserted the church to which they had been attached.
The incipit of a text is the first few words of the text, employed as an identifying label.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
A papal bull is a type of public decree, letters patent, or charter issued by a pope of the Roman Catholic Church.
Pope Gregory IX Gregorius IX (born Ugolino di Conti; c. 1145 or before 1170 – 22 August 1241), was Pope from 19 March 1227 to his death in 1241.
The University of Paris (Université de Paris), metonymically known as the Sorbonne (one of its buildings), was a university in Paris, France, from around 1150 to 1793, and from 1806 to 1970.
The University of Paris strike of 1229 was caused by the deaths of a number of students in punishing a student riot.