135 relations: Abuse, Algerian National Movement, Algerian nationalism, Algerian War, Anti-communism, Arrêt sur images, Éditions Gallimard, Bertrand Delanoë, Boulevard, Boulevards of Paris, Caché (film), Catherine Trautmann, Censorship, Charles de Gaulle, Charonne (Paris Métro), Civil service, Claude Bourdet, Cold War, Collaborationism, Compagnies Républicaines de Sécurité, Constantine Province, Constantine, Algeria, Corruption scandals in the Paris region, Crimes against humanity, Curfew, Dôme de Paris, Defamation, Demonstration (protest), Didier Daeninckx, Drowning, El Watan, Emmanuel d'Astier de La Vigerie, Esprit (magazine), Executive (government), First Indochina War, Forced disappearance, François Hollande, France 24, French Communist Party, French Fifth Republic, French Popular Party, French Resistance, Gendarmerie, General Confederation of Labour (France), Gennevilliers, Gestapo, Harki, House arrest, Identity document, Institutional racism, ..., Internment, Jean-Marie Domenach, Jean-Marie Le Pen, Jean-Pierre Chevènement, Jeanson network, Jews, Kristin Ross, L'Esprit frappeur, L'Humanité, L'Obs, Law of France, Le Canard enchaîné, Le Monde, Leïla Sebbar, Libération, Liberation of Paris, Lionel Jospin, List of massacres in France, List of mayors of Paris, London School of Economics, Maghreb, Maison de la Mutualité, Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury, Maurice Papon, Maurice Rajsfus, May 1958 crisis in France, Médine (rapper), Metropolis, Metropolitan France, Michael Haneke, Michel Debré, Ministry of Culture (France), Montrouge, Nanterre, National Assembly (France), National Front (French Resistance), National Liberation Front (Algeria), National Police (France), Neuilly-sur-Seine, Non-governmental organization, North African communities of Paris, Notre-Dame de Paris, Olivier Le Cour Grandmaison, Op-ed, Oran massacre of 1962, Organisation armée secrète, Palais Bourbon, Palais Garnier, Paris Métro, Philippe Pétain, Place du 8 Février 1962, Police brutality, Pont Saint-Michel, Prefecture of Police, Prefectures in France, Prison, Radio France Internationale, RATP Group, République (Paris Métro), Roger Frey, Secret History (TV series), Seine, Separation of powers, Shanty town, Socialist Party (France), Stade Pierre de Coubertin (Paris), Stiff Little Fingers, Syndicat de la Magistrature, Télérama, Territorial Prelature of the Mission de France at Pontigny, The Guardian, The Holocaust, The New York Times, The Times, Torture during the Algerian War of Independence, Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, Vel' d'Hiv Roundup, Vichy France, Vincennes, William Gardner Smith, World War II, 11th arrondissement of Paris, 13th arrondissement of Paris, 15th arrondissement of Paris, 18th arrondissement of Paris. Expand index (85 more) » « Shrink index
Abuse is the improper usage or treatment of an entity, often to unfairly or improperly gain benefit.
The Algerian National Movement (Mouvement national algérien, or MNA, Tamazight: Amussu Aɣelnaw Adzayri, الحركة الوطنية الجزائرية) was an organization founded to counteract the efforts of the Front de Libération Nationale (FLN).
Algerian nationalism is the nationalism of Algerians and Algerian culture.
Anti-communism is opposition to communism.
Arrêt sur images ("Freeze-frame", also abbreviated as the acronym ASI) was initially a weekly French television program, created and presented by journalist Daniel Schneidermann and broadcast on La Cinquième from 1995 (renamed France 5 in January 2002) to 2007 and produced by Carrere group.
Éditions Gallimard is one of the leading French publishers of books.
Bertrand Delanoë (born 30 May 1950) is a retired French politician who was Mayor of Paris from 25 March 2001 to 5 April 2014.
A boulevard (French, from Bolwerk – bulwark, meaning bastion), often abbreviated Blvd, is a type of large road, usually running through a city.
Boulevards of Paris are boulevards which form an important part of the urban landscape of Paris.
Caché, also known as Hidden, is a 2005 psychological thriller film written and directed by Michael Haneke and starring Daniel Auteuil and Juliette Binoche.
Catherine Trautmann (born 15 January 1951 in Strasbourg) is a French politician for the French Socialist Party.
Censorship is the suppression of speech, public communication, or other information, on the basis that such material is considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or "inconvenient" as determined by government authorities.
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.
Charonne is a station on line 9 of the Paris Métro.
The civil service is independent of government and composed mainly of career bureaucrats hired on professional merit rather than appointed or elected, whose institutional tenure typically survives transitions of political leadership.
Claude Bourdet (28 October 1909 – 20 March 1996) was a writer, journalist, polemist, and militant French politician.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Collaborationism is cooperation with the enemy against one's country in wartime.
The Compagnies Républicaines de Sécurité (Republican Security Companies), abbreviated CRS, are the general reserve of the French National Police.
Constantine (ولاية قسنطينة) is one of the 48 provinces (wilayas) of Algeria, whose capital is the city of the same name.
Not to be confused with Constantinople, the historical city from 330 to 1453 in Thrace, now Istanbul, Turkey. Constantine (قسنطينة, ⵇⵙⴻⵏⵟⵉⵏⴰ), also spelled Qacentina or Kasantina, is the capital of Constantine Province in northeastern Algeria.
In the 1980s and 1990s there were, in the Paris region (Île-de-France), multiple instances of alleged and proved political corruption cases, as well as cases of abuse of public money and resources.
Crimes against humanity are certain acts that are deliberately committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack or individual attack directed against any civilian or an identifiable part of a civilian population.
A curfew is an order specifying a time during which certain regulations apply.
The Dôme de Paris (originally the Palais des Sports) is an indoor arena located in the 15th arrondissement of Paris, France.
Defamation, calumny, vilification, or traducement is the communication of a false statement that, depending on the law of the country, harms the reputation of an individual, business, product, group, government, religion, or nation.
A demonstration or street protest is action by a mass group or collection of groups of people in favor of a political or other cause; it normally consists of walking in a mass march formation and either beginning with or meeting at a designated endpoint, or rally, to hear speakers.
Didier Daeninckx (born 27 April 1949 in Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis) is a French author and left-wing politician of Belgian descent, best known for his romans noirs.
Drowning is defined as respiratory impairment from being in or under a liquid.
El Watan (Arabic:الوطن, meaning the Homeland) is an independent French-language newspaper in Algeria.
Emmanuel d'Astier de La Vigerie (6 January 190012 June 1969) was a French journalist, politician and member of the French Resistance.
Esprit is a French literary magazine.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
The First Indochina War (generally known as the Indochina War in France, and as the Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam) began in French Indochina on 19 December 1946, and lasted until 20 July 1954.
In international human rights law, a forced disappearance (or enforced disappearance) occurs when a person is secretly abducted or imprisoned by a state or political organization or by a third party with the authorization, support, or acquiescence of a state or political organization, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the person's fate and whereabouts, with the intent of placing the victim outside the protection of the law.
François Gérard Georges Nicolas Hollande (born 12 August 1954) is a French politician who served as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra from 2012 to 2017.
France 24 (pronounced "France vingt-quatre") is a state-owned 24-hour international news and current affairs television network based in Paris.
The French Communist Party (Parti communiste français, PCF) is a communist party in France.
The Fifth Republic, France's current republican system of government, was established by Charles de Gaulle under the Constitution of the Fifth Republic on 4 October 1958.
The Parti Populaire Français (French Popular Party) was a French fascist and anti-semitic political party led by Jacques Doriot before and during World War II.
The French Resistance (La Résistance) was the collection of French movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during the Second World War.
Wrong info! --> A gendarmerie or gendarmery is a military component with jurisdiction in civil law enforcement.
The General Confederation of Labour (Confédération générale du travail, CGT) is a national trade union center, the first of the five major French confederations of trade unions.
Gennevilliers is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, in the Hauts-de-Seine département of France.
The Gestapo, abbreviation of Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe.
Harki (adjective from the Arabic harka, standard Arabic haraka حركة, "war party" or "movement", i.e., a group of volunteers, especially soldiers) is the generic term for native Muslim Algerians who served as auxiliaries in the French Army during the Algerian War of Independence from 1954 to 1962.
In justice and law, house arrest (also called home confinement, home detention, or, in modern times, electronic monitoring) is a measure by which a person is confined by the authorities to a residence.
An identity document (also called a piece of identification or ID, or colloquially as papers) is any document which may be used to prove a person's identity.
Institutional racism (also known as institutionalized racism) is a form of racism expressed in the practice of social and political institutions.
Internment is the imprisonment of people, commonly in large groups, without charges or intent to file charges, and thus no trial.
Jean-Marie Domenach (February 13, 1922 – July 5, 1997) was a French writer and intellectual.
Jean-Marie Le Pen (born 20 June 1928) is a French politician who has served as Honorary President of the National Front since January 2011 and a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from France since 2004, previously between 1984 and 2003.
Jean-Pierre Chevènement (born 9 March 1939 (PDF file), Senate website.) is a French politician who served as a minister in the 1980s and 1990s and who was a candidate in the 2002 French presidential election.
The Jeanson network was a group of French leftwing militants led by Francis Jeanson who helped Algerian National Liberation Front agents operating in the French metropolitan territory during the Algerian War.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Kristin Ross (born 1953) is a professor of comparative literature at New York University.
L'Esprit frappeur (French for "ghost" or "poltergeist"), is a French publishing house, specialized in low-cost books.
L'Humanité ("Humanity"), is a French daily newspaper.
L’Obs, previously known as Le Nouvel Observateur (1964–2014), is a weekly French news magazine.
In academic terms, French law can be divided into two main categories: private law ("droit privé") and public law ("droit public").
Le Canard enchaîné (English: The Chained Duck or The Chained Paper, as "canard" is French slang meaning "newspaper"), is a satirical weekly newspaper in France.
Le Monde (The World) is a French daily afternoon newspaper founded by Hubert Beuve-Méry at the request of Charles de Gaulle (as Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic) on 19 December 1944, shortly after the Liberation of Paris, and published continuously since its first edition.
Leïla Sebbar (born 1941) is a French-Algerian author.
Libération (popularly known as Libé), is a daily newspaper in France, founded in Paris by Jean-Paul Sartre and Serge July in 1973 in the wake of the protest movements of May 1968.
The Liberation of Paris (also known as the Battle for Paris and Belgium; Libération de Paris) was a military action that took place during World War II from 19 August 1944 until the German garrison surrendered the French capital on 25 August 1944.
Lionel Jospin (born 12 July 1937) is a French politician, who served as Prime Minister of France from 1997 to 2002.
The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in France (numbers may be approximate).
The Mayor of Paris (Maire de Paris) is the chief executive of Paris, the capital and largest city in the France.
The London School of Economics (officially The London School of Economics and Political Science, often referred to as LSE) is a public research university located in London, England and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
The Maghreb (al-Maɣréb lit.), also known as the Berber world, Barbary, Berbery, and Northwest Africa, is a major region of North Africa that consists primarily of the countries Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania.
The Maison de la Mutualité (often shortened to la Mutualité) is a conference center at 24 Rue Saint-Victor, 5th arrondissement of Paris, France.
Maurice Jean Marie Bourgès-Maunoury (19 August 1914, in Luisant, Eure-et-Loir – 10 February 1993, in Paris) was a French Radical politician who served as the Prime Minister in the Fourth Republic during 1957.
Maurice Papon (3 September 1910 – 17 February 2007) was a French civil servant from the 1930s.
Maurice Rajsfus (born 9 April 1928) is a French writer, journalist, historian and anti-establishment militant.
The May 1958 crisis (or Algiers putsch or the coup of 13 May) was a political crisis in France during the turmoil of the Algerian War of Independence (1954–62) which led to the return of Charles de Gaulle to political responsibilities after a twelve-year absence.
Medine Zaouiche (born 24 February 1983 in Le Havre), better known by his stage name Médine, is a French-Algerian Kabyle rapper.
A metropolis is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications.
Metropolitan France (France métropolitaine or la Métropole), also known as European France or Mainland France, is the part of France in Europe.
Michael Haneke (born 23 March 1942) is an Austrian film director and screenwriter best known for films such as Funny Games (1997), Caché (2005), The White Ribbon (2009) and Amour (2012).
Michel Jean-Pierre Debré (15 January 1912 – 2 August 1996) was the first Prime Minister of the French Fifth Republic.
The Ministry of Culture (Ministère de la Culture) is the ministry of the Government of France in charge of national museums and the monuments historiques.
Montrouge is a commune in the southern Parisian suburbs, located from the centre of Paris, France.
Nanterre is a commune in the Hauts-de-Seine department, the western suburbs of Paris.
The National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic, the upper house being the Senate (Sénat).
The National Front (Front national or Front national de l'indépendance de la France) was a World War II far left wing French Resistance movement, created in 1941 by Jacques Duclos and Pierre Villon, both members of the French Communist Party (PCF).
The National Liberation Front (جبهة التحرير الوطني Jabhatu l-Taḥrīru l-Waṭanī; Front de libération nationale, FLN) is a socialist political party in Algeria.
The National Police (Police nationale), formerly known as the Sûreté nationale, is one of two national police forces, along with the National Gendarmerie, and the main civil law enforcement agency of France, with primary jurisdiction in cities and large towns.
Neuilly-sur-Seine is a French commune just west of Paris, in the department of Hauts-de-Seine.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
The Paris metropolitan area has a large North African/Maghrebian (Arabs and Berbers) population, in part as a result of French colonial ties to that region.
Notre-Dame de Paris (meaning "Our Lady of Paris"), also known as Notre-Dame Cathedral or simply Notre-Dame, is a medieval Catholic cathedral on the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris, France.
Olivier Le Cour Grandmaison (born 19 September 1960), is a French historian and author whose work chiefly centres on colonialism.
An op-ed (originally short for "opposite the editorial page" although often taken to stand for "opinion editorial") is a written prose piece typically published by a newspaper or magazine which expresses the opinion of a named author usually not affiliated with the publication's editorial board.
The Oran massacre of 1962 (July 5 - July 7, 1962) was an internecine slaughter of Pied-Noir and European expatriates living in Algeria.
The Organisation armée secrète or OAS (meaning Secret Army Organisation) was a short-lived right-wing French dissident paramilitary organization during the Algerian War (1954–62).
The Palais Bourbon is a government building located in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, on the left bank of the Seine, across from the Place de la Concorde.
The Palais Garnier (French) is a 1,979-seat opera house, which was built from 1861 to 1875 for the Paris Opera.
The Paris Métro, short for Métropolitain (Métro de Paris), is a rapid transit system in the Paris metropolitan area.
Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain (24 April 1856 – 23 July 1951), generally known as Philippe Pétain or Marshal Pétain (Maréchal Pétain), was a French general officer who attained the position of Marshal of France at the end of World War I, during which he became known as The Lion of Verdun, and in World War II served as the Chief of State of Vichy France from 1940 to 1944.
The Place du 8 Février 1962 is a public square located in the 11th arrondissement of Paris, specifically in the Charonne district, at the intersection of the Rue de Charonne and the Boulevard Voltaire.
Police brutality is one of several forms of police misconduct which involves undue violence by police members.
Pont Saint-Michel is a bridge linking the Place Saint-Michel on the left bank of the river Seine to the Île de la Cité.
In France, a Prefecture of Police (Préfecture de police), headed by the Prefect of Police (Préfet de police), is an agency of the Government of France (and part of the French National Police) which provides the police force for one or some départements.
A prefecture (préfecture) in France may refer to.
A prison, also known as a correctional facility, jail, gaol (dated, British English), penitentiary (American English), detention center (American English), or remand center is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state.
Radio France Internationale generally referred to by its acronym RFI, is a French public radio service that broadcasts in Paris and all over the world.
The RATP Group (French: Groupe RATP), also known as the Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens (English: Autonomous Operator of Parisian Transports), is a state-owned public transport operator and maintainer headquartered in Paris, France.
République is a station of the Paris Métro, serving lines 3, 5, 8, 9, and 11.
Roger Frey (11 June 1913, Nouméa, New Caledonia – 13 September 1997) was a French politician.
Secret History is a long-running British television documentary series.
The Seine (La Seine) is a river and an important commercial waterway within the Paris Basin in the north of France.
The separation of powers is a model for the governance of a state.
A shanty town or squatter area is a settlement of improvised housing which is known as shanties or shacks, made of plywood, corrugated metal, sheets of plastic, and cardboard boxes.
The Socialist Party (Parti socialiste, PS) is a social-democratic political party in France, and the largest party of the French centre-left.
The Stade Pierre de Coubertin (French: Pierre de Coubertin Stadium) is an indoor arena in Paris, France.
Stiff Little Fingers are a punk rock band from Belfast, Northern Ireland.
The Syndicat de la Magistrature is France's second largest magistrates' trade union - in terms of membership - after the more conservative Union syndicale des magistrats.
Télérama is a weekly French cultural and TV magazine published in Paris, France.
The Territorial Prelature of Mission de France (Praelatura Territorialis Missionis Galliae; French: Prélature Territoriale de la Mission de France), also known as the Territorial Prelature of Pontigny (Praelatura Territorialis Missionis Pontiniacensis; French: Prélature Territoriale de Pontigny) is a Latin Roman Catholic territorial prelature, located in the city of Pontigny in the Ecclesiastical province of the Metropolitan Archbishop of Dijon in Burgundy (France).
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered approximately 6 million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Elements of the French Armed Forces as well as of the opposing Algerian National Liberation Front (FLN) made use of torture during the Algerian War of Independence (1954–62), creating an ongoing public controversy.
Valéry Marie René Georges Giscard d'Estaing (born 2 February 1926), also known as Giscard or VGE, is a French author and elder statesman who served as President of France from 1974 to 1981 and is now a member of the Constitutional Council.
The Vel' d'Hiv Roundup (French: Rafle du Vélodrome d'Hiver, commonly called the Rafle du Vel' d'Hiv: "Vel' d'Hiv Police Roundup / Raid") was a Nazi-directed raid and mass arrest of Jews in Paris by the French police, code named Opération Vent printanier ("Operation Spring Breeze"), on 16 and 17 July 1942.
Vichy France (Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State (État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II.
Vincennes is a commune in the Val-de-Marne department in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France.
William Gardner Smith (February 6, 1927 – November 5, 1974) was an American journalist, novelist, and editor.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The 11th arrondissement of Paris (XIe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France.
The 13th arrondissement of Paris (XIIIe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France.
The 15th arrondissement of Paris (XVe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France.
The 18th arrondissement of Paris (XVIIIe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France.