250 relations: Acts of Parliament in the United Kingdom, Acts of Union 1707, Acts of Union 1800, Alec Douglas-Home, Anglo-Norman language, Anne, Queen of Great Britain, Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876, Archbishop of Canterbury, Archbishop of York, Augustus Pugin, Australia Act 1986, Bicameralism, Bill of Rights 1689, Bishop, Bishop of Durham, Bishop of London, Bishop of Winchester, Bishopric of Manchester Act 1847, Black Rod, Breach of the peace, British Empire, British Overseas Territories, Cabinet of the United Kingdom, Canada Act 1982, Caroline Lucas, Chairman of Ways and Means, Charles Barry, Charles I of England, Church of England, Church of Scotland, Church of Scotland Act 1921, City of Westminster, Committee of the whole, Commonwealth of Nations, Confidence and supply, Consecration, Conservative Party (UK), Constitutional convention (political custom), Constitutional Reform Act 2005, Court of Session, Crossbencher, Crown dependencies, Democratic Unionist Party, Diocesan bishop, Direct rule (Northern Ireland), Dissolution of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, Division of the assembly, Dunwich (UK Parliament constituency), Earl Marshal, Elections in the United Kingdom, ..., Elective dictatorship, Electoral district, Electoral system, Elizabeth II, Encyclopædia Britannica, England, English Civil War, Episcopal see, Erskine May: Parliamentary Practice, Estates of the realm, European Court of Justice, European Union, Felony, Filibuster, First-past-the-post voting, Five Members, Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011, Freedom of speech, General Synod, Glorious Revolution, Government of Ireland Act 1920, Government of the United Kingdom, Grand committee, Green Party of England and Wales, H. H. Asquith, Hansard, Harold Macmillan, Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition (United Kingdom), Hereditary peer, High Court of Justiciary, High treason, History of democracy, House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975, House of Commons of England, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Lords, House of Lords Act 1999, House of Tudor, Hybrid instrument, Impeachment, Independent politician, Inner London, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Irish Free State, John Bercow, John Bright, John Hampden, Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, Judicial functions of the House of Lords, Jury, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Ireland, La Reyne le veult, Labour Party (UK), Lascelles Principles, Leader of the House of Commons, Leader of the House of Lords, Leader of the Opposition (United Kingdom), Legislative chamber, Legislative Consent Motion, Legislature, Liberal Democrats (UK), Liberal Party (UK), Life peer, Life Peerages Act 1958, List of Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, List of British governments, List of enacting clauses, List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1966, List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1970, List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1979, List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1983, List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1987, List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1992, List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1997, List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 2001, List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 2005, List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 2010, List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 2015, List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 2017, List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, February 1974, List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, October 1974, List of Parliaments of the United Kingdom, List of people who have addressed both Houses of the United Kingdom Parliament, List of United Kingdom Parliament constituencies, Local and personal Acts of Parliament in the United Kingdom, London, London Evening Standard, Lord Chancellor, Lord Great Chamberlain, Lord Speaker, Lords Commissioners, Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, Lords Spiritual, Lords Spiritual (Women) Act 2015, Lords Temporal, Loss of supply, Lower house, MacCormick v Lord Advocate, Meeting of Parliament Act 1694, Minister (government), Minister of State, Monarchy of the United Kingdom, Money bill, Motion of no confidence, Motions of no confidence in the United Kingdom, Non-affiliated members of the House of Lords, Norman Fowler, Baron Fowler, Northern Ireland, Oath of Allegiance (United Kingdom), Office of profit, Old Sarum, Opposition (parliamentary), Order in Council, Order Paper, Outlawries Bill, Palace of Westminster, Parliament Act 1911, Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949, Parliament in the Making, Parliament of England, Parliament of Great Britain, Parliament of Ireland, Parliament of Scotland, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Parliament of the United Kingdom relocation, Parliamentary agents, Parliamentary Brief, Parliamentary Committees of the United Kingdom, Parliamentary records of the United Kingdom, Parliamentary sovereignty, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Peerage, Peerage Act 1963, People's Budget, Plaid Cymru, Portcullis, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Prime Minister's Questions, Private Members' Bills in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, Pro forma, Public bill, Queen-in-Parliament, R (Factortame Ltd) v Secretary of State for Transport, Reading (legislature), Records of members of parliament of the United Kingdom, Reform Act 1832, Reform Act 1867, Representative peer, Republic of Ireland, Reserve power, Resignation from the British House of Commons, Rotten and pocket boroughs, Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927, Royal assent, Royal prerogative, Scotland, Scots law, Scottish National Party, Scottish Parliament, Secretary of state, Secretary of State (United Kingdom), Select committee (United Kingdom), Select Vestries Bill, Separation of powers, Septennial Act 1716, Single-member district, Sinn Féin, Southern Ireland (1921–22), Speaker of the British House of Commons election, 2009, Speaker of the House of Commons (United Kingdom), Speech from the throne, Statutory instrument, Subpoena, Suffrage, Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, Ten Minute Rule, The Crown, The History of Parliament, The mother of parliaments (expression), The Times, TheyWorkForYou, Thomas Cooper, 1st Baron Cooper of Culross, Tony Blair, Treaty of Union, UK Independence Party, UK Parliament Week, Ulster Unionist Party, United Kingdom, United Kingdom general election, 2017, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United Nations Development Programme, Upper house, Viscount Hailsham, Voice vote, Wales, West Lothian question, Westminster 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In the United Kingdom, Acts of Parliament are primary legislation passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Acts of Union were two Acts of Parliament: the Union with Scotland Act 1706 passed by the Parliament of England, and the Union with England Act passed in 1707 by the Parliament of Scotland.
The Acts of Union 1800 (sometimes erroneously referred to as a single Act of Union 1801) were parallel acts of the Parliament of Great Britain and the Parliament of Ireland which united the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland (previously in personal union) to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, Baron Home of the Hirsel, (2 July 1903 – 9 October 1995) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from October 1963 to October 1964.
Anglo-Norman, also known as Anglo-Norman French, is a variety of the Norman language that was used in England and, to a lesser extent, elsewhere in the British Isles during the Anglo-Norman period.
Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) was the Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland between 8 March 1702 and 1 May 1707.
The Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 (39 & 40 Vict. c.59) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that altered the judicial functions of the House of Lords.
The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury.
The Archbishop of York is a senior bishop in the Church of England, second only to the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin (1 March 181214 September 1852) was an English architect, designer, artist, and critic who is principally remembered for his pioneering role in the Gothic Revival style of architecture.
The Australia Act 1986 is the short title of each of a pair of separate but related pieces of legislation: one an Act of the Commonwealth (i.e. federal) Parliament of Australia, the other an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.
The Bill of Rights, also known as the English Bill of Rights, is an Act of the Parliament of England that deals with constitutional matters and sets out certain basic civil rights.
A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament of the Christian Bible Greek επίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.
The Bishop of Durham is the Anglican bishop responsible for the Diocese of Durham in the Province of York.
The Bishop of London is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of London in the Province of Canterbury.
The Bishop of Winchester is the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Winchester in the Church of England.
The Bishopric of Manchester Act 1847 is an Act of Parliament with the principle purpose of delegating to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for England the power to put forward a scheme (a form of secondary legislation) to create the Diocese of Manchester.
The Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, or Lady Usher of the Black Rod, generally shortened to Black Rod, is an official in the parliaments of several Commonwealth countries.
Breach of the peace, or disturbing the peace, is a legal term used in constitutional law in English-speaking countries, and in a wider public order sense in the several jurisdictions of the United Kingdom.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Overseas Territories (BOT) or United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs) are 14 territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom.
The Cabinet of the United Kingdom is the collective decision-making body of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom, composed of the Prime Minister and 21 cabinet ministers, the most senior of the government ministers.
The Canada Act 1982 (1982 c. 11) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that was passed (as stated in the preamble) at the request of the Parliament of Canada, to "patriate" Canada's constitution, ending the necessity for the British parliament to be involved in making changes to the Constitution of Canada.
Caroline Patricia Lucas (born 9 December 1960) is a British politician, and since 2 September 2016, Co-Leader of the Green Party of England and Wales, with Jonathan Bartley.
In the United Kingdom, the Chairman of Ways and Means is a senior member of the House of Commons who acts as one of the Speaker's three deputies.
Sir Charles Barry (23 May 1795 – 12 May 1860) was an English architect, best known for his role in the rebuilding of the Palace of Westminster (also known as the Houses of Parliament) in London during the mid-19th century, but also responsible for numerous other buildings and gardens.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
The Church of Scotland (The Scots Kirk, Eaglais na h-Alba), known informally by its Scots language name, the Kirk, is the national church of Scotland.
The Church of Scotland Act 1921 is an Act of the British Parliament.
The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough which also holds city status.
A committee of the whole is a meeting of a deliberative assembly according to modified procedural rules based on those of a committee.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
In a parliamentary democracy based on the Westminster system, confidence and supply are required for a minority government to retain power in the lower house.
Consecration is the solemn dedication to a special purpose or service, usually religious.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
A constitutional convention is an informal and uncodified procedural agreement that is followed by the institutions of a state.
The Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (c. 4) is an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Court of Session (Cùirt an t-Seisein; Coort o Session) is the supreme civil court of Scotland, and constitutes part of the College of Justice; the supreme criminal court of Scotland is the High Court of Justiciary.
A crossbencher is an independent or minor party member of some legislatures, such as the British House of Lords and the Parliament of Australia.
Crown dependencies are three island territories off the coast of Britain which are self-governing possessions of the Crown.
The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) is a unionist political party in Northern Ireland.
A diocesan bishop, within various religious denominations, is a bishop (or archbishop) in pastoral charge of a(n arch)diocese (his (arch)bishopric), as opposed to a titular bishop or archbishop, whose see is only nominal, not pastoral.
Direct rule is the term given to the administration of Northern Ireland directly by the Government of the United Kingdom.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom is dissolved 25 working days before a polling day as determined by the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
In parliamentary procedure, a division of the assembly, division of the house, or simply division is a method for taking a better estimate of a vote than a voice vote.
Dunwich was a parliamentary borough in Suffolk, one of the most notorious of all the rotten boroughs.
Earl Marshal (alternatively Marschal, Marischal or Marshall) is a hereditary royal officeholder and chivalric title under the sovereign of the United Kingdom used in England (then, following the Act of Union 1800, in the United Kingdom).
There are six types of elections in the United Kingdom: elections to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, elections to devolved parliaments and assemblies, elections to the European Parliament, local elections, mayoral elections and Police and Crime Commissioner elections.
An "elective dictatorship" (also called executive dominance in political science) is a phrase popularised by the former Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom, Lord Hailsham, in a Richard Dimbleby Lecture at the BBC in 1976.
An electoral district, (election) precinct, election district, or legislative district, called a voting district by the US Census (also known as a constituency, riding, ward, division, electoral area, or electorate) is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body.
An electoral system is a set of rules that determines how elections and referendums are conducted and how their results are determined.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance.
The seat or cathedra of the Bishop of Rome in the Basilica of San Giovanni in Laterano An episcopal see is, in the usual meaning of the phrase, the area of a bishop's ecclesiastical jurisdiction.
Erskine May (full title: Erskine May: Parliamentary Practice, original title: A Treatise upon the Law, Privileges, Proceedings and Usage of Parliament) is a parliamentary authority originally written by British constitutional theorist and Clerk of the House of Commons, Thomas Erskine May.
The estates of the realm, or three estates, were the broad orders of social hierarchy used in Christendom (Christian Europe) from the medieval period to early modern Europe.
The European Court of Justice (ECJ), officially just the Court of Justice (Cour de Justice), is the supreme court of the European Union in matters of European Union law.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
The term felony, in some common law countries, is defined as a serious crime.
A filibuster is a political procedure where one or more members of parliament or congress debate over a proposed piece of legislation so as to delay or entirely prevent a decision being made on the proposal.
A first-past-the-post (FPTP) voting method is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins.
The Five Members were those five Members of Parliament whom King Charles I (1625–1649) attempted to arrest when he, accompanied by armed soldiers, entered the English House of Commons on 4 January 1642, during the sitting of the Long Parliament.
The Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 (c. 14) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that received Royal Assent on 15 September 2011, introducing fixed-term elections to the Westminster parliament for the first time.
Freedom of speech is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or a community to articulate their opinions and ideas without fear of retaliation, censorship, or sanction.
The General Synod is the title of the governing body of some church organizations.
The Glorious Revolution, also called the Revolution of 1688, was the overthrow of King James II of England (James VII of Scotland) by a union of English Parliamentarians with the Dutch stadtholder William III, Prince of Orange, who was James's nephew and son-in-law.
The Government of Ireland Act 1920 (10 & 11 Geo. 5 c. 67) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Government of the United Kingdom, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The Grand Committee is a committee of the Parliament of Finland.
The Green Party of England and Wales (GPEW; Plaid Werdd Cymru a Lloegr) is a green, left-wing political party in England and Wales.
Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928), generally known as H. H. Asquith, was a British statesman of the Liberal Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916.
Hansard is the traditional name of the transcripts of Parliamentary Debates in Britain and many Commonwealth countries.
Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963.
Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition, or the Official Opposition, in the United Kingdom is led by the Leader of the Opposition.
The Hereditary peers form part of the peerage in the United Kingdom.
The High Court of Justiciary is the supreme criminal court in Scotland.
Treason is criminal disloyalty.
A democracy is a political system, or a system of decision-making within an institution or organization or a country, in which all members have an equal share of power.
The House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that prohibits certain categories of people from becoming members of the House of Commons.
The House of Commons of England was the lower house of the Parliament of England (which incorporated Wales) from its development in the 14th century to the union of England and Scotland in 1707, when it was replaced by the House of Commons of Great Britain.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Lords Act 1999 (c. 34) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that was given Royal Assent on 11 November 1999.
The House of Tudor was an English royal house of Welsh origin, descended in the male line from the Tudors of Penmynydd.
In the United Kingdom, a hybrid instrument (or hybrid bill) is a public bill proposing a law which affects the private interests of a particular person or organisation.
Impeachment is the process by which a legislative body formally levels charges against a high official of government.
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party.
Inner London is the name for the group of London boroughs which form the interior part of Greater London and are surrounded by Outer London.
The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU; Union Interparlementaire) is a global inter-parliamentary institution established in 1889 by Frédéric Passy (France) and William Randal Cremer (United Kingdom).
The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann; 6 December 192229 December 1937) was a state established in 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921.
John Simon Bercow (born 19 January 1963) is a British politician who has been the Speaker of the House of Commons since June 2009.
John Bright (16 November 1811 – 27 March 1889) was a British Radical and Liberal statesman, one of the greatest orators of his generation and a promoter of free trade policies.
John Hampden (ca. 1595 – 1643) was an English politician who was one of the leading parliamentarians involved in challenging the authority of Charles I of England in the run-up to the English Civil War.
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) is the highest court of appeal for certain British territories and Commonwealth countries.
The House of Lords, in addition to having a legislative function, historically also had a judicial function.
A jury is a sworn body of people convened to render an impartial verdict (a finding of fact on a question) officially submitted to them by a court, or to set a penalty or judgment.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
The Kingdom of Ireland (Classical Irish: Ríoghacht Éireann; Modern Irish: Ríocht Éireann) was a nominal state ruled by the King or Queen of England and later the King or Queen of Great Britain that existed in Ireland from 1542 until 1800.
La Reyne le veult ("The Queen wills it") or Le Roy le veult ("The King wills it") is a Norman French phrase used in the Parliament of the United Kingdom to signify that a public bill (including a private member's bill) has received royal assent from the monarch of the United Kingdom.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
The Lascelles Principles were a constitutional convention in the United Kingdom between 1950 and 2011, under which the Sovereign could refuse a request from the Prime Minister to dissolve Parliament if three conditions were met.
The Leader of the House of Commons is generally a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom who is responsible for arranging government business in the House of Commons.
The Leader of the House of Lords is a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom who is responsible for arranging government business in the House of Lords.
The Leader of Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition (more commonly known as the Leader of the Opposition) is the politician who leads the official opposition in the United Kingdom.
A legislative chamber or house is a deliberative assembly within a legislature which generally meets and votes separately from the legislature's other chambers.
A Legislative Consent Motion (also known as a Sewel motion in Scotland) is a motion passed by either the Scottish Parliament, Welsh Assembly, or Northern Ireland Assembly, in which it agrees that the Parliament of the United Kingdom may pass legislation on a devolved issue over which the devolved body has regular legislative authority.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
The Liberal Democrats (often referred to as Lib Dems) are a liberal British political party, formed in 1988 as a merger of the Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party (SDP), a splinter group from the Labour Party, which had formed the SDP–Liberal Alliance from 1981.
The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom – with the opposing Conservative Party – in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
In the United Kingdom, life peers are appointed members of the peerage whose titles cannot be inherited, in contrast to hereditary peers.
The Life Peerages Act 1958 established the modern standards for the creation of life peers by the monarch of the United Kingdom.
This is an incomplete list of Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from its establishment in 1801 up until the present.
This article is a list of ministries, in the sense of successive British governments, from the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707, continuing through the duration of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1922, and since then dealing with the governments of the present-day United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
An enacting clause, or enacting formula, is a short phrase that introduces the main provisions of a law enacted by a legislature.
These representative diagrams show the composition of the parties in the 1966 General Election.
These representative diagrams show the composition of the parties in the 1970 General Election.
This is a list of Members of Parliament (MPs) elected to the 48th Parliament of the United Kingdom in the 1979 general election, held on 3 May 1979.
This is a list of Members of Parliament (MPs) elected to the 49th Parliament of the United Kingdom in the 1983 general election, held on 9 June 1983.
This is a list of Members of Parliament (MPs) elected to the 50th Parliament of the United Kingdom in the 1987 general election, held on Thursday 11 June 1987.
This is a list of Members of Parliament (MPs) elected to the 51st Parliament of the United Kingdom in the 1992 general election, held on 9 April 1992.
This is a list of Members of Parliament (MPs) elected to the House of Commons of the 52nd Parliament of the United Kingdom at the 1997 general election, held on 1 May 1997.
This is a list of Members of Parliament (MPs) elected to the House of Commons at the 2001 general election, held on 7 June.
This is a list of Members of Parliament (MPs) elected to the House of Commons for the Fifty-Fourth Parliament of the United Kingdom at the 2005 general election, held on 5 May 2005.
The fifty-fifth Parliament of the United Kingdom was the legislature of the United Kingdom following the 2010 general election of Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons.
The fifty-sixth Parliament of the United Kingdom was the legislature of the United Kingdom following the 2015 general election of Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons.
The fifty-seventh Parliament of the United Kingdom is the legislature of the United Kingdom following the 2017 general election of Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons.
The forty-sixth Parliament of the United Kingdom was the legislature of the United Kingdom following the February 1974 general election of Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons.
These representative diagrams show the composition of the parties in the October 1974 General Election.
This is a list of Parliaments of the United Kingdom, tabulated with the elections to the House of Commons and the list of members of the House.
This is a list of people who have addressed both Houses of the United Kingdom Parliament at the same time.
There are 650 constituencies in the United Kingdom, each electing a single Member of Parliament to the House of Commons ordinarily every five years.
Private Acts are laws in the United Kingdom which apply to a particular individual or group of individuals, or corporate entity.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The London Evening Standard (or simply Evening Standard) is a local, free daily newspaper, published Monday to Friday in tabloid format in London.
The Lord Chancellor, formally the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, is the highest ranking among those Great Officers of State which are appointed regularly in the United Kingdom, nominally outranking even the Prime Minister.
In the United Kingdom, the Lord Great Chamberlain is the sixth of the Great Officers of State (not to be confused with the Great Offices of State), ranking beneath the Lord Privy Seal and above the Lord High Constable.
The Lord Speaker is the speaker of the House of Lords in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Lords Commissioners are Privy Counsellors appointed by the Monarch of the United Kingdom to exercise, on his or her behalf, certain functions relating to Parliament which would otherwise require the monarch's attendance at the Palace of Westminster.
Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, commonly known as Law Lords, were judges appointed under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 to the British House of Lords in order to exercise its judicial functions, which included acting as the highest court of appeal for most domestic matters.
The Lords Spiritual of the United Kingdom are the 26 bishops of the established Church of England who serve in the House of Lords along with the Lords Temporal.
The Lords Spiritual (Women) Act 2015 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom.
In the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the Lords Temporal are secular members of the House of Lords.
Loss of supply occurs where a government in a parliamentary democracy using the Westminster System or a system derived from it is denied a supply of treasury or exchequer funds, by whichever house or houses of parliament or head of state is constitutionally entitled to grant and deny supply.
A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.
MacCormick v Lord Advocate 1953 SC 396, 1953 SLT 255 was a UK administrative law and Scottish legal action on whether Queen Elizabeth II was entitled to use the numeral "II" in her title in use in Scotland, there having never been an earlier Elizabeth reigning in Scotland.
The Meeting of Parliament Act 1694 (6 & 7 Will & Mary c 2), also known as the Triennial Act 1694, is an Act of the Parliament of England.
A minister is a politician who heads a government department, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers.
Minister of State is a title borne by politicians or officials in certain countries governed under a parliamentary system.
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories.
In the Westminster system (and, colloquially, in the United States), a money bill or supply bill is a bill that solely concerns taxation or government spending (also known as appropriation of money), as opposed to changes in public law.
A motion of no confidence (alternatively vote of no confidence, no-confidence motion, or (unsuccessful) confidence motion) is a statement or vote which states that a person(s) in a position of responsibility (government, managerial, etc.) is no longer deemed fit to hold that position, perhaps because they are inadequate in some respect, are failing to carry out obligations, or are making decisions that other members feel are detrimental.
Motions of no confidence, also called votes of confidence, votes of no-confidence or censure motions, are a feature of the Westminster system of government used in the United Kingdom that requires an executive to retain the confidence of the House of Commons.
Members of the House of Lords are said to be non-affiliated if they do not belong to any parliamentary group.
Peter Norman Fowler, Baron Fowler, (born 2 February 1938) is a British politician who was a member of Margaret Thatcher's ministry.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
The Oath of Allegiance (Judicial or Official Oath) is a promise to be loyal to the British monarch, and his or her heirs and successors, sworn by certain public servants in the United Kingdom, and also by newly naturalised subjects in citizenship ceremonies.
An office of profit is a term used in a number of national constitutions to refer to executive appointments.
Old Sarum is the site of the earliest settlement of Salisbury in England.
Parliamentary opposition is a form of political opposition to a designated government, particularly in a Westminster-based parliamentary system.
An Order in Council is a type of legislation in many countries, especially the Commonwealth realms.
The Order Paper is a daily publication in the Westminster system of government which lists the business of parliament for that day's sitting.
A Bill for the more effectual preventing clandestine Outlawries, usually referred as Outlawries Bill, is customarily the first bill on the agenda of the United Kingdom's House of Commons at the start of each session of Parliament.
The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Parliament Act 1911 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949 are two Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which form part of the constitution of the United Kingdom.
Parliament in the Making was a programme of events organised by the Parliament of the United Kingdom to commemorate a series of anniversaries in 2015 including.
The Parliament of England was the legislature of the Kingdom of England, existing from the early 13th century until 1707, when it became the Parliament of Great Britain after the political union of England and Scotland created the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Parliament of Great Britain was formed in 1707 following the ratification of the Acts of Union by both the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland.
The Parliament of Ireland was the legislature of the Lordship of Ireland, and later the Kingdom of Ireland, from 1297 until 1800.
The Parliament of Scotland was the legislature of the Kingdom of Scotland.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
Several parties have advocated the relocation of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from its current location at the Palace of Westminster, London, to the English Midlands or Northern England, for economic or other reasons.
Parliamentary Agents are solicitors who are licensed (together with the firms they belong to) by the Houses of Parliament in the United Kingdom to draft, promote or oppose Private Bills.
First published in 1992, Parliamentary Brief is a monthly British political magazine circulated by request to members of the British House of Commons, members of the House of Lords, senior civil servants, and political journalists.
The Parliamentary Committees of the United Kingdom are sub-legislative organizations each consisting of small number of Members of Parliament from the House of Commons, or peers from the House of Lords, or a mix of both appointed to deal with particular areas or issues; most are made up of members of the Commons.
Parliamentary records of the United Kingdom covers the period from the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707, including records from the Parliament of Great Britain and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Parliamentary sovereignty (also called parliamentary supremacy or legislative supremacy) is a concept in the constitutional law of some parliamentary democracies.
A Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (also called a Parliamentary Secretary, especially in government departments not headed by a Secretary of State) is the lowest of three tiers of government minister in the government of the United Kingdom, immediately junior to a Minister of State, which is itself junior to a Secretary of State.
A peerage is a legal system historically comprising hereditary titles in various countries, comprising various noble ranks.
The Peerage Act 1963 (1963 c. 48) is the Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that permitted women peers and all Scottish hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords, and which allows newly inherited hereditary peerages to be disclaimed.
The 1909/1910 People's Budget was a proposal of the Liberal government that introduced unprecedented taxes on the lands and high incomes of Britain's wealthy to fund new social welfare programmes.
Plaid Cymru (officially Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales, often referred to simply as Plaid) is a social-democratic political party in Wales advocating for Welsh independence from the United Kingdom within the European Union.
A portcullis (from the French porte coulissante, "sliding door") is a heavy vertically-closing gate typically found in medieval fortifications, consisting of a latticed grille made of wood, metal, or a combination of the two, which slides down grooves inset within each jamb of the gateway.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
Prime Minister's Questions (often abbreviated to PMQs and officially known as Questions to the Prime Minister) is a constitutional convention in the United Kingdom, currently held as a single session every Wednesday at noon when the House of Commons is sitting, during which the Prime Minister spends around half an hour answering questions from Members of Parliament (MPs).
A private members' bill (PMB) in the Parliament of the United Kingdom is a type of public bill that can be introduced by either members of the House of Commons or House of Lords who are not Ministers.
The term pro forma (Latin for "as a matter of form" or "for the sake of form") is most often used to describe a practice or document that is provided as a courtesy or satisfies minimum requirements, conforms to a norm or doctrine, tends to be performed perfunctorily or is considered a formality.
In the legislative process, a public bill is a bill which proposes a law of general application throughout the jurisdiction in which it is proposed, and which if enacted will hence become a public law or public act.
The Queen-in-Parliament (or, during the reign of a male monarch, King-in-Parliament), sometimes referred to as the Crown-in-Parliament or, more fully, in the United Kingdom, as the King/Queen in Parliament under God, is a technical term of constitutional law in the Commonwealth realms that refers to the Crown in its legislative role, acting with the advice and consent of the parliament (including, if the parliament is bicameral, both the lower house and upper house).
R (Factortame Ltd) v Secretary of State for Transport was a judicial review case taken against the United Kingdom government by a company of Spanish fishermen who claimed that the United Kingdom had breached European Union law by requiring ships to have a majority of British owners if they were to be registered in the UK.
A reading of a bill is a debate on the bill held before the general body of a legislature, as opposed to before a committee or an other group.
This article about records of members of parliament of the United Kingdom and of England includes a variety of lists of MPs by age, period and other circumstances of service, familiar sets, ethnic or religious minorities, physical attributes, and circumstances of their deaths.
The Representation of the People Act 1832 (known informally as the 1832 Reform Act, Great Reform Act or First Reform Act to distinguish it from subsequent Reform Acts) was an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom (indexed as 2 & 3 Will. IV c. 45) that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of England and Wales.
The Representation of the People Act 1867, 30 & 31 Vict.
In the United Kingdom, representative peers were those peers elected by the members of the Peerage of Scotland and the Peerage of Ireland to sit in the British House of Lords.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
In a parliamentary or semi-presidential system of government, a reserve power is a power that may be exercised by the head of state without the approval of another branch of the government.
Members of Parliament (MPs) sitting in the House of Commons in the United Kingdom are technically not permitted to resign their seats.
A rotten or pocket borough, more formally known as a nomination borough or proprietorial borough, was a parliamentary borough or constituency in England, Great Britain, or the United Kingdom before the Reform Act 1832, which had a very small electorate and could be used by a patron to gain unrepresentative influence within the unreformed House of Commons.
The Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927 (17 & 18 Geo. 5 c. 4) was an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that authorised the alteration of the British monarch's royal style and titles, and altered the formal name of the British Parliament, in recognition of most of Ireland separating from the United Kingdom as the Irish Free State.
Royal assent or sanction is the method by which a country's monarch (possibly through a delegated official) formally approves an act of that nation's parliament.
The royal prerogative is a body of customary authority, privilege, and immunity, recognized in common law and, sometimes, in civil law jurisdictions possessing a monarchy, as belonging to the sovereign and which have become widely vested in the government.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Scots law is the legal system of Scotland.
The Scottish National Party (SNP; Pàrtaidh Nàiseanta na h-Alba, Scots Naitional Pairtie) is a Scottish nationalist and social-democratic political party in Scotland.
The Scottish Parliament (Pàrlamaid na h-Alba; Scots: The Scots Pairlament) is the devolved national, unicameral legislature of Scotland.
The title secretary of state or state secretary is commonly used for senior or mid-level posts in governments around the world.
In the United Kingdom, a secretary of state (SofS) is a Cabinet minister in charge of a government department (though not all departments are headed by a secretary of state, e.g. HM Treasury is headed by the Chancellor of the Exchequer).
In British politics, parliamentary select committees can be appointed from the House of Commons, like the Foreign Affairs Select Committee, from the House of Lords, like the Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee, or as a "Joint Committee" drawn from both, such as the Joint Committee on Human Rights.
A bill for the better regulating of Select Vestries, usually referred to as the Select Vestries Bill, is customarily the first bill introduced and debated in the United Kingdom's House of Lords at the start of each session of Parliament.
The separation of powers is a model for the governance of a state.
The Septennial Act 1716 (1 Geo 1 St 2 c 38), also known as the Septennial Act 1715, was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain.
A single-member district or single-member constituency is an electoral district that returns one officeholder to a body with multiple members such as a legislature.
Sinn Féin (isbn) is a left-wing Irish republican political party active in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Southern Ireland (Deisceart Éireann) was the larger of the two parts of Ireland that were created when Ireland was partitioned under the Government of Ireland Act 1920.
The 2009 election of the Speaker of the House of Commons occurred on 22 June 2009 following the resignation of Michael Martin as Speaker during the parliamentary expenses scandal.
The Speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the House of Commons, the United Kingdom's lower chamber of Parliament.
A speech from the throne (or throne speech) is an event in certain monarchies in which the reigning sovereign, or a representative thereof, reads a prepared speech to members of the nation's legislature when a session is opened, outlining the government's agenda and focus for the forthcoming session; or in some cases, closed.
In many countries, a statutory instrument is a form of delegated legislation.
A subpoena (also subpœna) or witness summons is a writ issued by a government agency, most often a court, to compel testimony by a witness or production of evidence under a penalty for failure.
Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise is the right to vote in public, political elections (although the term is sometimes used for any right to vote).
The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom is the supreme court in all matters under English and Welsh law, Northern Irish law and Scottish civil law.
The Ten Minute Rule, also known as Standing Order No.
The Crown is the state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth realms and their sub-divisions (such as Crown dependencies, provinces, or states).
The History of Parliament is a project to write a complete history of the United Kingdom Parliament and its predecessors, the Parliament of Great Britain and the Parliament of England.
"The mother of parliaments" is an expression coined by the British politician and reformer John Bright in a speech at Birmingham on 18 January 1865.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
TheyWorkForYou is a parliamentary monitoring website by mySociety which aims to make it easier for UK citizens to understand what is going on in Westminster as well as Scottish Parliament, the Welsh Assembly and the Northern Ireland Assembly.
Thomas Mackay Cooper, 1st Baron Cooper of Culross (24 September 1892 – 15 July 1956) was a Scottish Unionist Party politician, a judge and a historian, who had been appointed Lord Advocate of Scotland.
Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007.
The Treaty of Union is the name usually now given to the agreement which led to the creation of the new state of Great Britain, stating that England (which already included Wales) and Scotland were to be "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain",: Both Acts of Union and the Treaty state in Article I: That the Two Kingdoms of Scotland and England, shall upon 1 May next ensuing the date hereof, and forever after, be United into One Kingdom by the Name of GREAT BRITAIN.
The UK Independence Party (UKIP) is a Eurosceptic and right-wing populist political party in the United Kingdom.
UK Parliament Week is an annual series of events in the United Kingdom that aim to inspire interest in parliament, politics and democracy and encourage young people and the public to engage with the UK’s democratic system and institutions.
The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) is a unionist political party in Northern Ireland.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The 2017 United Kingdom general election took place on Thursday 8 June, having been announced just under two months earlier by Prime Minister Theresa May on 18 April 2017 after it was discussed at cabinet.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature), the other chamber being the lower house.
Viscount Hailsham, of Hailsham in the County of Sussex, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
In parliamentary procedure, a voice vote (or viva voce, from the Latin, "live voice") is a voting method in deliberative assemblies (such as legislatures) in which a vote is taken on a topic or motion by responding orally.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
The West Lothian question, also known as the English question, refers to whether MPs from Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, sitting in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, should be able to vote on matters that affect only England, while MPs from England are unable to vote on matters that have been devolved to the Northern Ireland Assembly, the Scottish Parliament and the Welsh Assembly.
The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government developed in the United Kingdom.
Sir William Blackstone (10 July 1723 – 14 February 1780) was an English jurist, judge and Tory politician of the eighteenth century.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
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