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Index Parmalat

Parmalat SpA is a multinational Italian dairy and food corporation. [1]

39 relations: Asset, Australia, Bank of America, Borsa Italiana, Calisto Tanzi, Chief financial officer, China, Collecchio, Credit-linked note, Dairy product, Derivative (finance), Enrico Bondi, Europe, Food processing, Gianmario Roveraro, Grant Thornton International, Ice cream, Juice, Lactalis, List of companies of Italy, Milan, Money laundering, Multinational corporation, Mutual fund, North America, Odeon 24, Parma, Parma Calcio 1913, Pasteurization, Paulista Futebol Clube, Silvio Berlusconi, Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras, Società per azioni, South Africa, South America, The Observer, Time (magazine), Ultra-high-temperature processing, Yogurt.


In financial accounting, an asset is an economic resource.

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Bank of America

Bank of America Corporation (abbreviated as BofA) is an American multinational financial services company headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina.

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Borsa Italiana

Borsa Italiana S.p.A., based in Milan, is Italy's only stock exchange.

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Calisto Tanzi

Calisto Tanzi (born November 17, 1938 in Collecchio) is an Italian businessman notorious for embezzling an estimated eight-hundred million euros from Italian company Parmalat, founded by him, resulting in a great loss for the company.

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Chief financial officer

The chief financial officer (CFO) is the officer of a company that has primary responsibility for managing the company's finances, including financial planning, management of financial risks, record-keeping, and financial reporting.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Collecchio (Parmigiano: Colècc') is a town in the province of Parma, Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy.

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Credit-linked note

A credit linked note (CLN) is a form of funded credit derivative.

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Dairy product

Dairy products, milk products or lacticinia are a type of food produced from or containing the milk of mammals, primarily cattle, water buffaloes, goats, sheep, camels, and humans.

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Derivative (finance)

In finance, a derivative is a contract that derives its value from the performance of an underlying entity.

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Enrico Bondi

Enrico Bondi (born 5 October 1934 in Arezzo) is an Italian administrator.

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Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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Food processing

Food processing is the transformation of cooked ingredients, by physical or chemical means into food, or of food into other forms.

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Gianmario Roveraro

Gianmario Roveraro (born May 24, 1936 – died ? July 5, 2006) was an Italian banker and athlete who founded Akros Finanziaria.

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Grant Thornton International

Grant Thornton is the world's fifth largest professional services network of independent accounting and consulting member firms which provide assurance, tax and advisory services to privately held businesses, public interest entities, and public sector entities.

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Ice cream

Ice cream (derived from earlier iced cream or cream ice) is a sweetened frozen food typically eaten as a snack or dessert.

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Juice is a drink made from the extraction or pressing of the natural liquid contained in fruit and vegetables.

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Lactalis is a multinational dairy products corporation, owned by the Besnier family and based in Laval, Mayenne, France.

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List of companies of Italy

Italy is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe with the third largest nominal GDP in the Eurozone and the eighth largest in the world.

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Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.

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Money laundering

Money laundering is the act of concealing the transformation of profits from illegal activities and corruption into ostensibly "legitimate" assets.

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Multinational corporation

A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.

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Mutual fund

A mutual fund is a professionally managed investment fund that pools money from many investors to purchase securities.

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North America

North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.

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Odeon 24

Odeon TV was an Italian channel owned by Gold TV, a television network.

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Parma (Pärma) is a city in the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna famous for its prosciutto (ham), cheese, architecture, music and surrounding countryside.

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Parma Calcio 1913

Parma Calcio 1913 S.r.l., commonly referred to as Parma, is an Italian football club based in the city of Parma that currently competes in Serie A. Founded as Parma Football Club in December 1913, the club plays its home matches in the 22,352-seat Stadio Ennio Tardini, often referred to as simply Il Tardini, from 1923.

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Pasteurization or pasteurisation is a process in which packaged and non-packaged foods (such as milk and fruit juice) are treated with mild heat (Today, pasteurization is used widely in the dairy industry and other food processing industries to achieve food preservation and food safety. This process was named after the French scientist Louis Pasteur, whose research in the 1880s demonstrated that thermal processing would inactivate unwanted microorganisms in wine. Spoilage enzymes are also inactivated during pasteurization. Most liquid products are heat treated in a continuous system where heat can be applied using plate heat exchanger and/or direct or indirect use of steam and hot water. Due to the mild heat there are minor changes to the nutritional quality of foods as well as the sensory characteristics. Pascalization or high pressure processing (HPP) and Pulsed Electric Field (PEF) are non-thermal processes that are also used to pasteurize foods.

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Paulista Futebol Clube

Paulista Futebol Clube, or Paulista as they are usually called, is a Brazilian football team from Jundiaí, in São Paulo, founded on May 17, 1909.

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Silvio Berlusconi

Silvio Berlusconi (born 29 September 1936) is an Italian media tycoon and politician who has served as Prime Minister of Italy in four governments.

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Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras

Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras is a professional football club, based in São Paulo, Brazil.

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Società per azioni

Società per azioni (S.p.A.) is a form of corporation in Italy, meaning "company limited by shares" (although often translated as "joint-stock company", which may or may not be a limited liability entity).

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South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.

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South America

South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.

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The Observer

The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.

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Time (magazine)

Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.

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Ultra-high-temperature processing

Ultra-high temperature processing (UHT), ultra-heat treatment, or ultra-pasteurization is a food processing technology that sterilizes liquid food, chiefly milk, by heating it above – the temperature required to kill spores in milk – for 1 to 2 seconds.

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Yogurt, yoghurt, or yoghourt (or; from yoğurt; other spellings listed below) is a food produced by bacterial fermentation of milk.

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Paramalat SpA, Parmalat scandal.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parmalat

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