92 relations: Accusative case, Active voice, Adjective, Adjective phrase, Adverb, Adverbial, Adverbial clause, Aelius Donatus, Ancient Greek, Argument (linguistics), Attributive verb, Calque, Classical Arabic, Clause, Consonant mutation, Continuous and progressive aspects, Converb, Dangling modifier, Deponent verb, Dynamic verb, English irregular verbs, English passive voice, English verbs, Epenthesis, Eskimo–Aleut languages, Esperanto, Germanic strong verb, Gerund, Gerundive, Grammar, Grammatical aspect, Grammatical case, Grammatical gender, Grammatical number, Grammatical tense, Hungarian grammar, Icelandic language, Imperfect, Imperfective aspect, Intransitive verb, Latin, Le Bon Usage, Levant, Lexical aspect, List of English irregular verbs, Lithuanian language, Lucretia, Middle English, Modern English, Noam Chomsky, ..., Nominative absolute, Nonfinite verb, North Germanic languages, Noun, Noun phrase, Nynorsk, Object (grammar), Old English, Part of speech, Participle, Passive voice, Past tense, Perfect (grammar), Perfective aspect, Periphrasis, Plural, Prefix, Present perfect, Present tense, Reduced relative clause, Relative clause, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian grammar, Sandhi, Simple past, Sirenik Eskimo language, Slavic languages, Subject (grammar), Swedish language, The Midlands, Transgressive (linguistics), Transitive verb, Transitivity (grammar), Uses of English verb forms, Varieties of Arabic, Verb, Verb framing, Verb phrase, Verbal noun, Victor Friedman, Voice (grammar), Vowel harmony. Expand index (42 more) » « Shrink index
The accusative case (abbreviated) of a noun is the grammatical case used to mark the direct object of a transitive verb.
Active voice is a grammatical voice common in many of the world's languages.
In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.
An adjective phrase (or adjectival phrase) is a phrase whose head word is an adjective, e.g. fond of steak, very happy, quite upset about it, etc.
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, another adverb, determiner, noun phrase, clause, or sentence.
In grammar, an adverbial (abbreviated) is a word (an adverb) or a group of words (an adverbial phrase or an adverbial clause) that modifies or more closely defines the sentence or the verb.
An adverbial clause is a dependent clause that functions as an adverb; that is, the entire clause modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
Aelius Donatus (fl. mid-fourth century AD) was a Roman grammarian and teacher of rhetoric.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
In linguistics, an argument is an expression that helps complete the meaning of a predicate, the latter referring in this context to a main verb and its auxiliaries.
An attributive verb is a verb that modifies (expresses an attribute of) a noun in the manner of an attributive adjective, rather than express an independent idea as a predicate.
In linguistics, a calque or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, word-for-word or root-for-root translation.
Classical Arabic is the form of the Arabic language used in Umayyad and Abbasid literary texts from the 7th century AD to the 9th century AD.
In grammar, a clause is the smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition.
Consonant mutation is change in a consonant in a word according to its morphological or syntactic environment.
The continuous and progressive aspects (abbreviated and) are grammatical aspects that express incomplete action ("to do") or state ("to be") in progress at a specific time: they are non-habitual, imperfective aspects.
In theoretical linguistics, a converb (abbreviated) is a nonfinite verb form that serves to express adverbial subordination: notions like 'when', 'because', 'after' and 'while'.
A dangling modifier or misplaced modifier is an ambiguous grammatical construct, whereby a grammatical modifier could be misinterpreted as being associated with a word other than the one intended or with no particular word at all.
In linguistics, a deponent verb is a verb that is active in meaning but takes its form from a different voice, most commonly the middle or passive.
A dynamic or fientive verb is a verb that shows continued or progressive action on the part of the subject.
The English language has a large number of irregular verbs, approaching 200 in normal use—and significantly more if prefixed forms are counted.
The passive voice is a grammatical "voice".
Verbs constitute one of the main word classes in the English language.
In phonology, epenthesis (Greek) means the addition of one or more sounds to a word, especially to the interior of a word (at the beginning prothesis and at the end paragoge are commonly used).
The Eskimo–Aleut languages, Eskaleut languages, or Inuit-Yupik-Unangan languages are a language family native to Alaska, the Canadian Arctic (Nunavut and Inuvialuit Settlement Region), Nunavik, Nunatsiavut, Greenland and the Chukchi Peninsula, on the eastern tip of Siberia.
Esperanto (or; Esperanto) is a constructed international auxiliary language.
In the Germanic languages, a strong verb is a verb that marks its past tense by means of changes to the stem vowel (ablaut).
A gerund (abbreviated) is any of various nonfinite verb forms in various languages, most often, but not exclusively, one that functions as a noun.
In Latin grammar, a gerundive is a verb form that functions as a verbal adjective.
In linguistics, grammar (from Greek: γραμματική) is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
Aspect is a grammatical category that expresses how an action, event, or state, denoted by a verb, extends over time.
Case is a special grammatical category of a noun, pronoun, adjective, participle or numeral whose value reflects the grammatical function performed by that word in a phrase, clause or sentence.
In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs.
In linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more").
In grammar, tense is a category that expresses time reference with reference to the moment of speaking.
Hungarian grammar is the grammar of Hungarian, a Uralic language that is spoken mainly in Hungary and in parts of its seven neighbouring countries.
Icelandic (íslenska) is a North Germanic language, and the language of Iceland.
The imperfect (abbreviated) is a verb form, found in various languages, which combines past tense (reference to a past time) and imperfective aspect (reference to a continuing or repeated event or state).
The imperfective (abbreviated or more ambiguously) is a grammatical aspect used to describe a situation viewed with interior composition.
In grammar, an intransitive verb does not allow a direct object.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Le Bon Usage (Good Usage), informally called Le Grevisse, is a descriptive book about French grammar first published in 1936 by Maurice Grevisse, and periodically revised since.
The Levant is an approximate historical geographical term referring to a large area in the Eastern Mediterranean.
The lexical aspect or aktionsart (plural aktionsarten) of a verb is a part of the way in which that verb is structured in relation to time.
This is a list of irregular verbs in the English language.
Lithuanian (lietuvių kalba) is a Baltic language spoken in the Baltic region.
According to Roman tradition, Lucretia or Lucrece (Lucretia; died) was a noblewoman in ancient Rome whose rape by Sextus Tarquinius (Tarquin), an Etruscan king's son, was the cause of a rebellion that overthrew the Roman monarchy and led to the transition of Roman government from a kingdom to a republic.
Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.
Modern English (sometimes New English or NE as opposed to Middle English and Old English) is the form of the English language spoken since the Great Vowel Shift in England, which began in the late 14th century and was completed in roughly 1550.
Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic and political activist.
In English grammar, a nominative absolute is a free-standing (absolute) part of a sentence that describes the main subject and verb.
A nonfinite verb is of any of several verb forms that are not finite verbs; they cannot perform action as the root of an independent clause.
The North Germanic languages make up one of the three branches of the Germanic languages, a sub-family of the Indo-European languages, along with the West Germanic languages and the extinct East Germanic languages.
A noun (from Latin nōmen, literally meaning "name") is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas.
A noun phrase or nominal phrase (abbreviated NP) is a phrase which has a noun (or indefinite pronoun) as its head, or which performs the same grammatical function as such a phrase.
Nynorsk (translates to New Norwegian or New Norse) is one of the two written standards of the Norwegian language, the other being Bokmål.
Traditional grammar defines the object in a sentence as the entity that is acted upon by the subject.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
In traditional grammar, a part of speech (abbreviated form: PoS or POS) is a category of words (or, more generally, of lexical items) which have similar grammatical properties.
A participle is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, noun phrase, verb, or verb phrase, and plays a role similar to an adjective or adverb.
Passive voice is a grammatical voice common in many languages.
The past tense (abbreviated) is a grammatical tense whose principal function is to place an action or situation in past time.
The perfect tense or aspect (abbreviated or) is a verb form that indicates that an action or circumstance occurred earlier than the time under consideration, often focusing attention on the resulting state rather than on the occurrence itself.
The perfective aspect (abbreviated), sometimes called the aoristic aspect, is a grammatical aspect used to describe an action viewed as a simple whole—a unit without interior composition.
In linguistics, periphrasis is the usage of multiple separate words to carry the meaning of prefixes, suffixes or verbs, among other things, where either would be possible.
The plural (sometimes abbreviated), in many languages, is one of the values of the grammatical category of number.
A prefix is an affix which is placed before the stem of a word.
The present perfect is a grammatical combination of the present tense and perfect aspect that is used to express a past event that has present consequences.
The present tense (abbreviated or) is a grammatical tense whose principal function is to locate a situation or event in present time.
A reduced relative clause is a relative clause that is not marked by an explicit relative pronoun or complementizer such as who, which or that.
A relative clause is a kind of subordinate clause that contains the element whose interpretation is provided by an antecedent on which the subordinate clause is grammatically dependent; that is, there is an anaphora relation between the relativized element in the relative clause and antecedent on which it depends.
The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS; Росси́йская акаде́мия нау́к (РАН) Rossíiskaya akadémiya naúk) consists of the national academy of Russia; a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation; and additional scientific and social units such as libraries, publishing units, and hospitals.
Russian grammar employs an Indo-European inflexional structure, with considerable adaptation.
SandhiThe pronunciation of the word "sandhi" is rather diverse among English speakers.
The simple past, past simple or past indefinite, sometimes called the preterite, is the basic form of the past tense in Modern English.
Sirenik Yupik, Sireniki Yupik (also Old Sirenik or Vuteen), Sirenik, or Sirenikskiy is an extinct Eskimo–Aleut language.
The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages) are the Indo-European languages spoken by the Slavic peoples.
The subject in a simple English sentence such as John runs, John is a teacher, or John was hit by a car is the person or thing about whom the statement is made, in this case 'John'.
Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken natively by 9.6 million people, predominantly in Sweden (as the sole official language), and in parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish.
The Midlands is a cultural and geographic area roughly spanning central England that broadly corresponds to the early medieval Kingdom of Mercia.
In linguistic morphology, a transgressive is a special form of verb.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires one or more objects.
In linguistics, transitivity is a property of verbs that relates to whether a verb can take direct objects and how many such objects a verb can take.
This article describes the uses of various verb forms in modern standard English language.
There are many varieties of Arabic (dialects or otherwise) in existence.
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word (part of speech) that in syntax conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand).
In linguistics, verb-framing and satellite-framing are typological descriptions of a way that verb phrases in a language can describe the path of motion or the manner of motion, respectively.
In linguistics, a verb phrase (VP) is a syntactic unit composed of at least one verb and its dependentsobjects, complements and other modifiersbut not always including the subject.
A verbal noun is a noun formed from or otherwise corresponding to a verb.
Victor A. Friedman (born October 18, 1949) is an American linguist.
In grammar, the voice of a verb describes the relationship between the action (or state) that the verb expresses and the participants identified by its arguments (subject, object, etc.). When the subject is the agent or doer of the action, the verb is in the active voice.
Vowel harmony is a type of long-distance assimilatory phonological process involving vowels that occurs in some languages.
-en, Active participle, Adjectival participle, Adverbial participle, Future participle, Gerund-participle, Gerund–participle, Imperfect participle, Participe passé, Participial, Participial clause, Participial construction, Participial nominalization, Participial phrase, Participial phrases, Participle clause, Participle phrase, Participles, Passive participle, Passive perfect participle, Past Participle, Past pariciple, Past participal, Past participial, Past participle, Past participles, Past passive participle, Perfect participle, Present Participle, Present active participle, Present participle.