116 relations: Abstraction, Addison-Wesley, Aerosol, Air pollution, American Meteorological Society, Antiparticle, Astronomical object, Atmosphere of Earth, Atom, Atomic nucleus, Atomic physics, Ballistics, Baseball (ball), Brownian motion, Buoyancy, Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, Carbon dioxide, Carbon-14, Chemical property, Chemistry, Classical physics, Colloid, Computational fluid dynamics, Computational physics, Cosmic ray, Cosmology, Debris, Density, Dust, Dynamical system, Electron, Elementary particle, Encyclopædia Britannica, Energy level, Exponential decay, Fluid parcel, Francis Sears, Friction, Galaxy, Gas, Gluon, Granular material, Gravity, Helium-4, Human, Idealization (science philosophy), Identical particles, Infinity, Interface and colloid science, John Wiley & Sons, ..., Lepton, Liquid, List of particles, Macroscopic scale, Malvern Instruments, Marine debris, Mark Zemansky, Mass, Matter, McGraw-Hill Education, Microscopic scale, Molecular physics, Molecule, Motion (physics), Muon, N-body simulation, Nanometre, Nanoparticle, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Nature, Neutron, Outline of physical science, Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford University Press, Particle accelerator, Particle aggregation, Particle counter, Particle decay, Particle detector, Particle in a box, Particle number, Particle physics, Particle segregation, Particulates, Photon, Physical body, Physical property, Point particle, Powder, Preon, Proton, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Quantum mechanics, Quark, Radiation, Rotation, Sand, Scientific modelling, Self-propelled particles, Solid, Space debris, Sphere, Stable nuclide, Standard Model, Star, Statistical physics, Subatomic particle, Suspended solids, Suspension (chemistry), Traffic collision, University of Florida, University Physics, Uranium, Volume, Wave–particle duality, World Scientific. Expand index (66 more) » « Shrink index
Abstraction in its main sense is a conceptual process where general rules and concepts are derived from the usage and classification of specific examples, literal ("real" or "concrete") signifiers, first principles, or other methods.
Addison-Wesley is a publisher of textbooks and computer literature.
An aerosol is a suspension of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.
Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into Earth's atmosphere.
The American Meteorological Society (AMS) is the premier scientific and professional organization in the United States promoting and disseminating information about the atmospheric, oceanic, and hydrologic sciences. Its mission is to advance the atmospheric and related sciences, technologies, applications, and services for the benefit of society.
In particle physics, every type of particle has an associated antiparticle with the same mass but with opposite physical charges (such as electric charge).
An astronomical object or celestial object is a naturally occurring physical entity, association, or structure that exists in the observable universe.
The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element.
The atomic nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons and neutrons at the center of an atom, discovered in 1911 by Ernest Rutherford based on the 1909 Geiger–Marsden gold foil experiment.
Atomic physics is the field of physics that studies atoms as an isolated system of electrons and an atomic nucleus.
Ballistics is the field of mechanics that deals with the launching, flight, behavior, and effects of projectiles, especially bullets, unguided bombs, rockets, or the like; the science or art of designing and accelerating projectiles so as to achieve a desired performance.
A baseball is a ball used in the sport of the same name.
Brownian motion or pedesis (from πήδησις "leaping") is the random motion of particles suspended in a fluid (a liquid or a gas) resulting from their collision with the fast-moving molecules in the fluid.
In physics, buoyancy or upthrust, is an upward force exerted by a fluid that opposes the weight of an immersed object.
The Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics (CITA) is a national research institute funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, located at the University of Toronto in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carbon-14, 14C, or radiocarbon, is a radioactive isotope of carbon with an atomic nucleus containing 6 protons and 8 neutrons.
A chemical property is any of a material's properties that becomes evident during, or after, a chemical reaction; that is, any quality that can be established only by changing a substance's chemical identity.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Classical physics refers to theories of physics that predate modern, more complete, or more widely applicable theories.
In chemistry, a colloid is a mixture in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance.
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a branch of fluid mechanics that uses numerical analysis and data structures to solve and analyze problems that involve fluid flows.
Computational physics is the study and implementation of numerical analysis to solve problems in physics for which a quantitative theory already exists.
Cosmic rays are high-energy radiation, mainly originating outside the Solar System and even from distant galaxies.
Cosmology (from the Greek κόσμος, kosmos "world" and -λογία, -logia "study of") is the study of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe.
Debris or débris is rubble, wreckage, ruins, litter and discarded garbage/refuse/trash, scattered remains of something destroyed, discarded, or as in geology, large rock fragments left by a melting glacier etc.
The density, or more precisely, the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per unit volume.
Dust are fine particles of matter.
In mathematics, a dynamical system is a system in which a function describes the time dependence of a point in a geometrical space.
The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol or, whose electric charge is negative one elementary charge.
In particle physics, an elementary particle or fundamental particle is a particle with no substructure, thus not composed of other particles.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
A quantum mechanical system or particle that is bound—that is, confined spatially—can only take on certain discrete values of energy.
A quantity is subject to exponential decay if it decreases at a rate proportional to its current value.
In fluid dynamics, within the framework of continuum mechanics, a fluid parcel is a very small amount of fluid, identifiable throughout its dynamic history while moving with the fluid flow.
Francis Weston Sears (October 1, 1898 – November 12, 1975) was an American physicist.
Friction is the force resisting the relative motion of solid surfaces, fluid layers, and material elements sliding against each other.
A galaxy is a gravitationally bound system of stars, stellar remnants, interstellar gas, dust, and dark matter.
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma).
A gluon is an elementary particle that acts as the exchange particle (or gauge boson) for the strong force between quarks.
A granular material is a conglomeration of discrete solid, macroscopic particles characterized by a loss of energy whenever the particles interact (the most common example would be friction when grains collide).
Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass or energy—including planets, stars, galaxies, and even light—are brought toward (or gravitate toward) one another.
Helium-4 is a non-radioactive isotope of the element helium.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
Idealization is the process by which scientific models assume facts about the phenomenon being modeled that are strictly false but make models easier to understand or solve.
Identical particles, also called indistinguishable or indiscernible particles, are particles that cannot be distinguished from one another, even in principle.
Infinity (symbol) is a concept describing something without any bound or larger than any natural number.
Interface and colloid science is an interdisciplinary intersection of branches of chemistry, physics, nanoscience and other fields dealing with colloids, heterogeneous systems consisting of a mechanical mixture of particles between 1 nm and 1000 nm dispersed in a continuous medium.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
In particle physics, a lepton is an elementary particle of half-integer spin (spin) that does not undergo strong interactions.
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.
This article includes a list of the different types of atomic- and sub-atomic particles found or hypothesized to exist in the whole of the universe categorized by type.
The macroscopic scale is the length scale on which objects or phenomena are large enough to be visible almost practically with the naked eye, without magnifying optical instruments.
Malvern Instruments is a Spectris plc company.
Marine debris, also known as marine litter, is human-created waste that has deliberately or accidentally been released in a lake, sea, ocean or waterway.
Mark Waldo Zemansky (May 5, 1900 – December 29, 1981Bederson, Benjamin,, Phys. perspect. 5 (2003) 87–121 © Birkha¨ user Verlag, Basel, 2003. Cf. p.106 &c.) was an American physicist.
Mass is both a property of a physical body and a measure of its resistance to acceleration (a change in its state of motion) when a net force is applied.
In the classical physics observed in everyday life, matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space by having volume.
McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.
The microscopic scale (from, mikrós, "small" and σκοπέω, skopéō "look") is the scale of objects and events smaller than those that can easily be seen by the naked eye, requiring a lens or microscope to see them clearly.
Molecular physics is the study of the physical properties of molecules, the chemical bonds between atoms as well as the molecular dynamics.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
In physics, motion is a change in position of an object over time.
The muon (from the Greek letter mu (μ) used to represent it) is an elementary particle similar to the electron, with an electric charge of −1 e and a spin of 1/2, but with a much greater mass.
In physics and astronomy, an N-body simulation is a simulation of a dynamical system of particles, usually under the influence of physical forces, such as gravity (see ''n''-body problem).
The nanometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: nm) or nanometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one billionth (short scale) of a metre (m).
Nanoparticles are particles between 1 and 100 nanometres (nm) in size with a surrounding interfacial layer.
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (also known as "NASEM" or "the National Academies") is the collective scientific national academy of the United States.
Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, or material world or universe.
Physical science is a branch of natural science that studies non-living systems, in contrast to life science.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
A particle accelerator is a machine that uses electromagnetic fields to propel charged particles to nearly light speed and to contain them in well-defined beams.
Particle agglomeration refers to formation of assemblages in a suspension and represents a mechanism leading to destabilization of colloidal systems.
A particle counter is an instrument that detects and counts physical particles.
Particle decay is the spontaneous process of one unstable subatomic particle transforming into multiple other particles.
In experimental and applied particle physics, nuclear physics, and nuclear engineering, a particle detector, also known as a radiation detector, is a device used to detect, track, and/or identify ionizing particles, such as those produced by nuclear decay, cosmic radiation, or reactions in a particle accelerator.
In quantum mechanics, the particle in a box model (also known as the infinite potential well or the infinite square well) describes a particle free to move in a small space surrounded by impenetrable barriers.
The particle number (or number of particles) of a thermodynamic system, conventionally indicated with the letter N, is the number of constituent particles in that system.
Particle physics (also high energy physics) is the branch of physics that studies the nature of the particles that constitute matter and radiation.
In particle segregation, particulate solids and also quasi solids, such as foams tend to segregate by virtue of differences in the size, and also physical properties such as volume, density, shape and other properties of particles of which they are composed.
Atmospheric aerosol particles, also known as atmospheric particulate matter, particulate matter (PM), particulates, or suspended particulate matter (SPM) are microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in Earth's atmosphere.
The photon is a type of elementary particle, the quantum of the electromagnetic field including electromagnetic radiation such as light, and the force carrier for the electromagnetic force (even when static via virtual particles).
In physics, a physical body or physical object (or simply a body or object) is an identifiable collection of matter, which may be constrained by an identifiable boundary, and may move as a unit by translation or rotation, in 3-dimensional space.
A physical property is any property that is measurable, whose value describes a state of a physical system.
A point particle (ideal particle or point-like particle, often spelled pointlike particle) is an idealization of particles heavily used in physics.
A powder is a dry, bulk solid composed of a large number of very fine particles that may flow freely when shaken or tilted.
In particle physics, preons are point particles, conceived of as subcomponents of quarks and leptons.
Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific (often abbreviated as PASP in references and literature) is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal managed by the Astronomical Society of the Pacific.
Quantum mechanics (QM; also known as quantum physics, quantum theory, the wave mechanical model, or matrix mechanics), including quantum field theory, is a fundamental theory in physics which describes nature at the smallest scales of energy levels of atoms and subatomic particles.
A quark is a type of elementary particle and a fundamental constituent of matter.
In physics, radiation is the emission or transmission of energy in the form of waves or particles through space or through a material medium.
A rotation is a circular movement of an object around a center (or point) of rotation.
Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
Scientific modelling is a scientific activity, the aim of which is to make a particular part or feature of the world easier to understand, define, quantify, visualize, or simulate by referencing it to existing and usually commonly accepted knowledge.
Self-propelled particles (SPP), also referred to as self-driven particles, is a concept used by physicists to describe autonomous agents, which convert energy from the environment into directed or persistent motion.
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being liquid, gas, and plasma).
Space debris (also known as space junk, space waste, space trash, space litter or space garbage) is a term for the mass of defunct, artificially created objects in space, most notably in Earth orbit, such as old satellites and spent rocket stages.
A sphere (from Greek σφαῖρα — sphaira, "globe, ball") is a perfectly round geometrical object in three-dimensional space that is the surface of a completely round ball (viz., analogous to the circular objects in two dimensions, where a "circle" circumscribes its "disk").
Stable nuclides are nuclides that are not radioactive and so (unlike radionuclides) do not spontaneously undergo radioactive decay.
The Standard Model of particle physics is the theory describing three of the four known fundamental forces (the electromagnetic, weak, and strong interactions, and not including the gravitational force) in the universe, as well as classifying all known elementary particles.
A star is type of astronomical object consisting of a luminous spheroid of plasma held together by its own gravity.
Statistical physics is a branch of physics that uses methods of probability theory and statistics, and particularly the mathematical tools for dealing with large populations and approximations, in solving physical problems.
In the physical sciences, subatomic particles are particles much smaller than atoms.
Suspended solids refers to small solid particles which remain in suspension in water as a colloid or due to the motion of the water.
In chemistry, a suspension is a heterogeneous mixture that contains solid particles sufficiently large for sedimentation.
A traffic collision, also called a motor vehicle collision (MVC) among other terms, occurs when a vehicle collides with another vehicle, pedestrian, animal, road debris, or other stationary obstruction, such as a tree, pole or building.
The University of Florida (commonly referred to as Florida or UF) is an American public land-grant, sea-grant, and space-grant research university on a campus in Gainesville, Florida.
University Physics is the name of a two-volume physics textbook written by Hugh Young and Roger Freedman.
Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92.
Volume is the quantity of three-dimensional space enclosed by a closed surface, for example, the space that a substance (solid, liquid, gas, or plasma) or shape occupies or contains.
Wave–particle duality is the concept in quantum mechanics that every particle or quantic entity may be partly described in terms not only of particles, but also of waves.
World Scientific Publishing is an academic publisher of scientific, technical, and medical books and journals headquartered in Singapore.