Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Particle detector

Index Particle detector

In experimental and applied particle physics, nuclear physics, and nuclear engineering, a particle detector, also known as a radiation detector, is a device used to detect, track, and/or identify ionizing particles, such as those produced by nuclear decay, cosmic radiation, or reactions in a particle accelerator. [1]

80 relations: ALICE experiment, Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer, Antarctic Muon And Neutrino Detector Array, ATLAS experiment, Avalanche photodiode, BaBar experiment, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Bubble chamber, Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, CALICE, Calorimeter (particle physics), CERN, Charge-coupled device, Cherenkov detector, Cherenkov radiation, CLEO (particle detector), Cloud chamber, Compact Muon Solenoid, COMPASS experiment, Cornell Electron Storage Ring, Cornell University, Cosmic ray, Counting efficiency, Cryogenic Dark Matter Search, CUSB, DELPHI experiment, DESY, Dosimeter, Electroscope, Elementary particle, Fermilab, Gaseous ionization detectors, Geiger–Müller tube, H1 (particle detector), HERA (particle accelerator), HERA-B, HERMES experiment, International Linear Collider, Ionization chamber, JEDI, Large Electron–Positron Collider, Large Hadron Collider, LHCb experiment, Light, List of particles, Lucas cell, Microchannel plate detector, Mu2e, ND experiment, Neutron detection, ..., Nuclear engineering, Nuclear physics, Onion, Particle accelerator, Particle physics, PHENIX detector, Photodiode, Photographic plate, Photomultiplier, Photon, Proportional counter, Radioactive decay, Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, Ring-imaging Cherenkov detector, Scintillation counter, Scintillator, Semiconductor detector, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, SND Experiment, Solid-state nuclear track detector, Spark chamber, Super Proton Synchrotron, Super-Kamiokande, Tevatron, Time of flight detector, Time projection chamber, Transition radiation detector, University of California, Irvine, Wire chamber, ZEUS (particle detector). Expand index (30 more) »

ALICE experiment

ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) is one of seven detector experiments at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN.

New!!: Particle detector and ALICE experiment · See more »

Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer

The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer, also designated AMS-02, is a particle physics experiment module that is mounted on the International Space Station (ISS).

New!!: Particle detector and Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer · See more »

Antarctic Muon And Neutrino Detector Array

The Antarctic Muon And Neutrino Detector Array (AMANDA) is a neutrino telescope located beneath the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station.

New!!: Particle detector and Antarctic Muon And Neutrino Detector Array · See more »

ATLAS experiment

ATLAS (A Toroidal LHC ApparatuS) is one of the seven particle detector experiments constructed at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a particle accelerator at CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research) in Switzerland.

New!!: Particle detector and ATLAS experiment · See more »

Avalanche photodiode

An avalanche photodiode (APD) is a highly sensitive semiconductor electronic device that exploits the photoelectric effect to convert light to electricity.

New!!: Particle detector and Avalanche photodiode · See more »

BaBar experiment

The BaBar experiment, or simply BaBar, is an international collaboration of more than 500 physicists and engineers studying the subatomic world at energies of approximately ten times the rest mass of a proton (~10 GeV).

New!!: Particle detector and BaBar experiment · See more »

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory located in Upton, New York, on Long Island, and was formally established in 1947 at the site of Camp Upton, a former U.S. Army base.

New!!: Particle detector and Brookhaven National Laboratory · See more »

Bubble chamber

A bubble chamber is a vessel filled with a superheated transparent liquid (most often liquid hydrogen) used to detect electrically charged particles moving through it.

New!!: Particle detector and Bubble chamber · See more »

Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics

The Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics (BINP) is one of the major centres of advanced study of nuclear physics in Russia.

New!!: Particle detector and Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics · See more »

CALICE

The CALICE (CAlorimeter for LInear Collider Experiment) collaboration is an R&D group of more than 280 physicists and engineers from around the world, working together to develop new, high performance detectors for high energy positron-electron (e^+e^-) experiments at future International Linear Collider (ILC).

New!!: Particle detector and CALICE · See more »

Calorimeter (particle physics)

In particle physics, a calorimeter is an experimental apparatus that measures the energy of particles.

New!!: Particle detector and Calorimeter (particle physics) · See more »

CERN

The European Organization for Nuclear Research (Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN (derived from the name Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire), is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world.

New!!: Particle detector and CERN · See more »

Charge-coupled device

A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.

New!!: Particle detector and Charge-coupled device · See more »

Cherenkov detector

A Cherenkov (Черенко́в) detector is a particle detector using the speed threshold for light production, the speed-dependent light output or the velocity-dependent light direction of Cherenkov radiation.

New!!: Particle detector and Cherenkov detector · See more »

Cherenkov radiation

Cherenkov radiation (sometimes spelled "Cerenkov") is electromagnetic radiation emitted when a charged particle (such as an electron) passes through a dielectric medium at a speed greater than the phase velocity of light in that medium.

New!!: Particle detector and Cherenkov radiation · See more »

CLEO (particle detector)

CLEO was a general purpose particle detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring (CESR), and the name of the collaboration of physicists who operated the detector.

New!!: Particle detector and CLEO (particle detector) · See more »

Cloud chamber

A Cloud Chamber, also known as a Wilson Cloud Chamber, is a particle detector used for visualizing the passage of ionizing radiation.

New!!: Particle detector and Cloud chamber · See more »

Compact Muon Solenoid

The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment is one of two large general-purpose particle physics detectors built on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in Switzerland and France.

New!!: Particle detector and Compact Muon Solenoid · See more »

COMPASS experiment

The NA58 experiment, or COMPASS (standing for "Common Muon and Proton Apparatus for Structure and Spectroscopy") is a 60-metre-long fixed-target experiment at the M2 beam line of the SPS at CERN.

New!!: Particle detector and COMPASS experiment · See more »

Cornell Electron Storage Ring

The Cornell Electron Storage Ring (CESR, pronounced Caesar) is a particle accelerator operated by Cornell University and located 40 feet beneath a football field on their Ithaca campus.

New!!: Particle detector and Cornell Electron Storage Ring · See more »

Cornell University

Cornell University is a private and statutory Ivy League research university located in Ithaca, New York.

New!!: Particle detector and Cornell University · See more »

Cosmic ray

Cosmic rays are high-energy radiation, mainly originating outside the Solar System and even from distant galaxies.

New!!: Particle detector and Cosmic ray · See more »

Counting efficiency

In the measurement of ionising radiation the counting efficiency is the ratio between the number of particles or photons counted with a radiation counter and the number of particles or photons of the same type and energy emitted by the radiation source.

New!!: Particle detector and Counting efficiency · See more »

Cryogenic Dark Matter Search

The Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS) is a series of experiments designed to directly detect particle dark matter in the form of WIMPs.

New!!: Particle detector and Cryogenic Dark Matter Search · See more »

CUSB

CUSB (Columbia University-Stony Brook) was a particle detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring.

New!!: Particle detector and CUSB · See more »

DELPHI experiment

DELPHI (standing for "Detector with Lepton, Photon and Hadron Identification") was one of the four main detectors of the Large Electron–Positron Collider (LEP) at CERN, one of the largest particle accelerators ever made.

New!!: Particle detector and DELPHI experiment · See more »

DESY

The Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (English German Electron Synchrotron) commonly referred to by the abbreviation DESY, is a national research center in Germany that operates particle accelerators used to investigate the structure of matter.

New!!: Particle detector and DESY · See more »

Dosimeter

A radiation dosimeter is a device that measures exposure to ionizing radiation.

New!!: Particle detector and Dosimeter · See more »

Electroscope

An electroscope is an early scientific instrument that is used to detect the presence and magnitude of electric charge on a body.

New!!: Particle detector and Electroscope · See more »

Elementary particle

In particle physics, an elementary particle or fundamental particle is a particle with no substructure, thus not composed of other particles.

New!!: Particle detector and Elementary particle · See more »

Fermilab

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), located just outside Batavia, Illinois, near Chicago, is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory specializing in high-energy particle physics.

New!!: Particle detector and Fermilab · See more »

Gaseous ionization detectors

Gaseous ionization detectors are radiation detection instruments used in particle physics to detect the presence of ionizing particles, and in radiation protection applications to measure ionizing radiation.

New!!: Particle detector and Gaseous ionization detectors · See more »

Geiger–Müller tube

The Geiger–Müller tube or G–M tube is the sensing element of the Geiger counter instrument used for the detection of ionizing radiation.

New!!: Particle detector and Geiger–Müller tube · See more »

H1 (particle detector)

H1 was a particle detector that operated at HERA (Hadron Elektron Ring Anlage) in DESY, Hamburg.

New!!: Particle detector and H1 (particle detector) · See more »

HERA (particle accelerator)

HERA (Hadron-Elektron-Ringanlage, Hadron-Electron Ring Accelerator) was a particle accelerator at DESY in Hamburg.

New!!: Particle detector and HERA (particle accelerator) · See more »

HERA-B

HERA-B was a particle physics detector of the HERA accelerator at DESY.

New!!: Particle detector and HERA-B · See more »

HERMES experiment

HERMES was an experiment conducted using the HERA particle accelerator located at DESY in Hamburg.

New!!: Particle detector and HERMES experiment · See more »

International Linear Collider

The International Linear Collider (ILC) is a proposed linear particle accelerator.

New!!: Particle detector and International Linear Collider · See more »

Ionization chamber

The ionization chamber is the simplest of all gas-filled radiation detectors, and is widely used for the detection and measurement of certain types of ionizing radiation; X-rays, gamma rays, and beta particles.

New!!: Particle detector and Ionization chamber · See more »

JEDI

JEDI (Jupiter Energetic-particle Detector Instrument), is an instrument on the ''Juno'' spacecraft orbiting planet Jupiter.

New!!: Particle detector and JEDI · See more »

Large Electron–Positron Collider

The Large Electron–Positron Collider (LEP) was one of the largest particle accelerators ever constructed.

New!!: Particle detector and Large Electron–Positron Collider · See more »

Large Hadron Collider

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world's largest and most powerful particle collider, the most complex experimental facility ever built and the largest single machine in the world.

New!!: Particle detector and Large Hadron Collider · See more »

LHCb experiment

The LHCb (standing for "Large Hadron Collider beauty") experiment is one of seven particle physics detector experiments collecting data at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN.

New!!: Particle detector and LHCb experiment · See more »

Light

Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.

New!!: Particle detector and Light · See more »

List of particles

This article includes a list of the different types of atomic- and sub-atomic particles found or hypothesized to exist in the whole of the universe categorized by type.

New!!: Particle detector and List of particles · See more »

Lucas cell

A Lucas cell is a type of scintillation counter.

New!!: Particle detector and Lucas cell · See more »

Microchannel plate detector

A micro-channel plate (MCP) is a planar component used for detection of single particles (electrons, ions and neutrons) and low intensity impinging radiation (ultraviolet radiation and X-rays).

New!!: Particle detector and Microchannel plate detector · See more »

Mu2e

Mu2e, or the Muon-to-Electron Conversion Experiment, is a particle physics experiment at Fermilab in the US.

New!!: Particle detector and Mu2e · See more »

ND experiment

Neutral Detector (ND) is a detector for particle physics experiments created by the team of physicists in the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk, Russia.

New!!: Particle detector and ND experiment · See more »

Neutron detection

Neutron detection is the effective detection of neutrons entering a well-positioned detector.

New!!: Particle detector and Neutron detection · See more »

Nuclear engineering

Nuclear engineering is the branch of engineering concerned with the application of breaking down atomic nuclei (fission) or of combining atomic nuclei (fusion), or with the application of other sub-atomic processes based on the principles of nuclear physics.

New!!: Particle detector and Nuclear engineering · See more »

Nuclear physics

Nuclear physics is the field of physics that studies atomic nuclei and their constituents and interactions.

New!!: Particle detector and Nuclear physics · See more »

Onion

The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium.

New!!: Particle detector and Onion · See more »

Particle accelerator

A particle accelerator is a machine that uses electromagnetic fields to propel charged particles to nearly light speed and to contain them in well-defined beams.

New!!: Particle detector and Particle accelerator · See more »

Particle physics

Particle physics (also high energy physics) is the branch of physics that studies the nature of the particles that constitute matter and radiation.

New!!: Particle detector and Particle physics · See more »

PHENIX detector

The PHENIX detector (for Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment) is the largest of the four experiments that have taken data at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) in Brookhaven National Laboratory, United States.

New!!: Particle detector and PHENIX detector · See more »

Photodiode

A photodiode is a semiconductor device that converts light into an electrical current.

New!!: Particle detector and Photodiode · See more »

Photographic plate

Photographic plates preceded photographic film as a capture medium in photography.

New!!: Particle detector and Photographic plate · See more »

Photomultiplier

Photomultiplier tubes (photomultipliers or PMTs for short), members of the class of vacuum tubes, and more specifically vacuum phototubes, are extremely sensitive detectors of light in the ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.

New!!: Particle detector and Photomultiplier · See more »

Photon

The photon is a type of elementary particle, the quantum of the electromagnetic field including electromagnetic radiation such as light, and the force carrier for the electromagnetic force (even when static via virtual particles).

New!!: Particle detector and Photon · See more »

Proportional counter

The proportional counter is a type of gaseous ionization detector device used to measure particles of ionizing radiation.

New!!: Particle detector and Proportional counter · See more »

Radioactive decay

Radioactive decay (also known as nuclear decay or radioactivity) is the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy (in terms of mass in its rest frame) by emitting radiation, such as an alpha particle, beta particle with neutrino or only a neutrino in the case of electron capture, gamma ray, or electron in the case of internal conversion.

New!!: Particle detector and Radioactive decay · See more »

Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is the first and one of only two operating heavy-ion colliders, and the only spin-polarized proton collider ever built.

New!!: Particle detector and Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider · See more »

Ring-imaging Cherenkov detector

The ring-imaging Cherenkov, or RICH, detector is a device for identifying the type of an electrically charged subatomic particle of known momentum, that traverses a transparent refractive medium, by measurement of the presence and characteristics of the Cherenkov radiation emitted during that traversal.

New!!: Particle detector and Ring-imaging Cherenkov detector · See more »

Scintillation counter

A scintillation counter is an instrument for detecting and measuring ionizing radiation by using the excitation effect of incident radiation on a scintillator material, and detecting the resultant light pulses.

New!!: Particle detector and Scintillation counter · See more »

Scintillator

A scintillator is a material that exhibits scintillation—the property of luminescence, when excited by ionizing radiation.

New!!: Particle detector and Scintillator · See more »

Semiconductor detector

This article is about ionizing radiation detectors.

New!!: Particle detector and Semiconductor detector · See more »

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, originally named Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, is a United States Department of Energy National Laboratory operated by Stanford University under the programmatic direction of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science and located in Menlo Park, California.

New!!: Particle detector and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory · See more »

SND Experiment

Spherical Neutral Detector is a detector for particle physics experiments, successor of the Neutral Detector (ND), created by the team of physicists in the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk, Russia.

New!!: Particle detector and SND Experiment · See more »

Solid-state nuclear track detector

A solid-state nuclear track detector or SSNTD (also known as an etched track detector or a dielectric track detector, DTD) is a sample of a solid material (photographic emulsion, crystal, glass or plastic) exposed to nuclear radiation (neutrons or charged particles, occasionally also gamma rays), etched, and examined microscopically.

New!!: Particle detector and Solid-state nuclear track detector · See more »

Spark chamber

A spark chamber is a particle detector.

New!!: Particle detector and Spark chamber · See more »

Super Proton Synchrotron

The Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) is a particle accelerator of the synchrotron type at CERN.

New!!: Particle detector and Super Proton Synchrotron · See more »

Super-Kamiokande

Super-Kamiokande (semi-abbreviation of full name: Super-Kamioka Neutrino Detection Experiment, also abbreviated to Super-K or SK; スーパーカミオカンデ) is a neutrino observatory located under Mount Ikeno near the city of Hida, Gifu Prefecture, Japan.

New!!: Particle detector and Super-Kamiokande · See more »

Tevatron

The Tevatron was a circular particle accelerator (now inactive, since 2011) in the United States, at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (also known as Fermilab), east of Batavia, Illinois, and holds the title of the second highest energy particle collider in the world, after the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) near Geneva, Switzerland.

New!!: Particle detector and Tevatron · See more »

Time of flight detector

A time of flight (TOF) detector is a particle detector which can discriminate between a lighter and a heavier elementary particle of same momentum using their time of flight between two scintillators.

New!!: Particle detector and Time of flight detector · See more »

Time projection chamber

In physics, a time projection chamber (TPC) is a type of particle detector that uses a combination of electric fields and magnetic fields together with a sensitive volume of gas or liquid to perform a three-dimensional reconstruction of a particle trajectory or interaction.

New!!: Particle detector and Time projection chamber · See more »

Transition radiation detector

A transition radiation detector (TRD) is a particle detector using the \gamma-dependent threshold of transition radiation in a stratified material.

New!!: Particle detector and Transition radiation detector · See more »

University of California, Irvine

The University of California, Irvine (UCI, UC Irvine, or Irvine), is a public research university located in Irvine, Orange County, California, United States, and one of the 10 campuses in the University of California (UC) system.

New!!: Particle detector and University of California, Irvine · See more »

Wire chamber

A multi-wire proportional chamber is a type of proportional counter that detects charged particles and photons and can give positional information on their trajectory, by tracking the trails of gaseous ionization.

New!!: Particle detector and Wire chamber · See more »

ZEUS (particle detector)

ZEUS was a particle detector that operated on the HERA (Hadron Elektron Ring Anlage) particle accelerator at DESY, Hamburg.

New!!: Particle detector and ZEUS (particle detector) · See more »

Redirects here:

Particle Detector, Particle Detectors, Radiation Detector, Radiation detector.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Particle_detector

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »