80 relations: ALICE experiment, Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer, Antarctic Muon And Neutrino Detector Array, ATLAS experiment, Avalanche photodiode, BaBar experiment, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Bubble chamber, Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, CALICE, Calorimeter (particle physics), CERN, Charge-coupled device, Cherenkov detector, Cherenkov radiation, CLEO (particle detector), Cloud chamber, Compact Muon Solenoid, COMPASS experiment, Cornell Electron Storage Ring, Cornell University, Cosmic ray, Counting efficiency, Cryogenic Dark Matter Search, CUSB, DELPHI experiment, DESY, Dosimeter, Electroscope, Elementary particle, Fermilab, Gaseous ionization detectors, Geiger–Müller tube, H1 (particle detector), HERA (particle accelerator), HERA-B, HERMES experiment, International Linear Collider, Ionization chamber, JEDI, Large Electron–Positron Collider, Large Hadron Collider, LHCb experiment, Light, List of particles, Lucas cell, Microchannel plate detector, Mu2e, ND experiment, Neutron detection, ..., Nuclear engineering, Nuclear physics, Onion, Particle accelerator, Particle physics, PHENIX detector, Photodiode, Photographic plate, Photomultiplier, Photon, Proportional counter, Radioactive decay, Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, Ring-imaging Cherenkov detector, Scintillation counter, Scintillator, Semiconductor detector, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, SND Experiment, Solid-state nuclear track detector, Spark chamber, Super Proton Synchrotron, Super-Kamiokande, Tevatron, Time of flight detector, Time projection chamber, Transition radiation detector, University of California, Irvine, Wire chamber, ZEUS (particle detector). Expand index (30 more) » « Shrink index
ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) is one of seven detector experiments at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN.
The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer, also designated AMS-02, is a particle physics experiment module that is mounted on the International Space Station (ISS).
The Antarctic Muon And Neutrino Detector Array (AMANDA) is a neutrino telescope located beneath the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station.
ATLAS (A Toroidal LHC ApparatuS) is one of the seven particle detector experiments constructed at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a particle accelerator at CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research) in Switzerland.
An avalanche photodiode (APD) is a highly sensitive semiconductor electronic device that exploits the photoelectric effect to convert light to electricity.
The BaBar experiment, or simply BaBar, is an international collaboration of more than 500 physicists and engineers studying the subatomic world at energies of approximately ten times the rest mass of a proton (~10 GeV).
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory located in Upton, New York, on Long Island, and was formally established in 1947 at the site of Camp Upton, a former U.S. Army base.
A bubble chamber is a vessel filled with a superheated transparent liquid (most often liquid hydrogen) used to detect electrically charged particles moving through it.
The Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics (BINP) is one of the major centres of advanced study of nuclear physics in Russia.
The CALICE (CAlorimeter for LInear Collider Experiment) collaboration is an R&D group of more than 280 physicists and engineers from around the world, working together to develop new, high performance detectors for high energy positron-electron (e^+e^-) experiments at future International Linear Collider (ILC).
In particle physics, a calorimeter is an experimental apparatus that measures the energy of particles.
The European Organization for Nuclear Research (Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN (derived from the name Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire), is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world.
A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.
A Cherenkov (Черенко́в) detector is a particle detector using the speed threshold for light production, the speed-dependent light output or the velocity-dependent light direction of Cherenkov radiation.
Cherenkov radiation (sometimes spelled "Cerenkov") is electromagnetic radiation emitted when a charged particle (such as an electron) passes through a dielectric medium at a speed greater than the phase velocity of light in that medium.
CLEO was a general purpose particle detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring (CESR), and the name of the collaboration of physicists who operated the detector.
A Cloud Chamber, also known as a Wilson Cloud Chamber, is a particle detector used for visualizing the passage of ionizing radiation.
The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment is one of two large general-purpose particle physics detectors built on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in Switzerland and France.
The NA58 experiment, or COMPASS (standing for "Common Muon and Proton Apparatus for Structure and Spectroscopy") is a 60-metre-long fixed-target experiment at the M2 beam line of the SPS at CERN.
The Cornell Electron Storage Ring (CESR, pronounced Caesar) is a particle accelerator operated by Cornell University and located 40 feet beneath a football field on their Ithaca campus.
Cornell University is a private and statutory Ivy League research university located in Ithaca, New York.
Cosmic rays are high-energy radiation, mainly originating outside the Solar System and even from distant galaxies.
In the measurement of ionising radiation the counting efficiency is the ratio between the number of particles or photons counted with a radiation counter and the number of particles or photons of the same type and energy emitted by the radiation source.
The Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS) is a series of experiments designed to directly detect particle dark matter in the form of WIMPs.
CUSB (Columbia University-Stony Brook) was a particle detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring.
DELPHI (standing for "Detector with Lepton, Photon and Hadron Identification") was one of the four main detectors of the Large Electron–Positron Collider (LEP) at CERN, one of the largest particle accelerators ever made.
The Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (English German Electron Synchrotron) commonly referred to by the abbreviation DESY, is a national research center in Germany that operates particle accelerators used to investigate the structure of matter.
A radiation dosimeter is a device that measures exposure to ionizing radiation.
An electroscope is an early scientific instrument that is used to detect the presence and magnitude of electric charge on a body.
In particle physics, an elementary particle or fundamental particle is a particle with no substructure, thus not composed of other particles.
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), located just outside Batavia, Illinois, near Chicago, is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory specializing in high-energy particle physics.
Gaseous ionization detectors are radiation detection instruments used in particle physics to detect the presence of ionizing particles, and in radiation protection applications to measure ionizing radiation.
The Geiger–Müller tube or G–M tube is the sensing element of the Geiger counter instrument used for the detection of ionizing radiation.
H1 was a particle detector that operated at HERA (Hadron Elektron Ring Anlage) in DESY, Hamburg.
HERA (Hadron-Elektron-Ringanlage, Hadron-Electron Ring Accelerator) was a particle accelerator at DESY in Hamburg.
HERA-B was a particle physics detector of the HERA accelerator at DESY.
HERMES was an experiment conducted using the HERA particle accelerator located at DESY in Hamburg.
The International Linear Collider (ILC) is a proposed linear particle accelerator.
The ionization chamber is the simplest of all gas-filled radiation detectors, and is widely used for the detection and measurement of certain types of ionizing radiation; X-rays, gamma rays, and beta particles.
JEDI (Jupiter Energetic-particle Detector Instrument), is an instrument on the ''Juno'' spacecraft orbiting planet Jupiter.
The Large Electron–Positron Collider (LEP) was one of the largest particle accelerators ever constructed.
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world's largest and most powerful particle collider, the most complex experimental facility ever built and the largest single machine in the world.
The LHCb (standing for "Large Hadron Collider beauty") experiment is one of seven particle physics detector experiments collecting data at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN.
Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
This article includes a list of the different types of atomic- and sub-atomic particles found or hypothesized to exist in the whole of the universe categorized by type.
A Lucas cell is a type of scintillation counter.
A micro-channel plate (MCP) is a planar component used for detection of single particles (electrons, ions and neutrons) and low intensity impinging radiation (ultraviolet radiation and X-rays).
Mu2e, or the Muon-to-Electron Conversion Experiment, is a particle physics experiment at Fermilab in the US.
Neutral Detector (ND) is a detector for particle physics experiments created by the team of physicists in the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk, Russia.
Neutron detection is the effective detection of neutrons entering a well-positioned detector.
Nuclear engineering is the branch of engineering concerned with the application of breaking down atomic nuclei (fission) or of combining atomic nuclei (fusion), or with the application of other sub-atomic processes based on the principles of nuclear physics.
Nuclear physics is the field of physics that studies atomic nuclei and their constituents and interactions.
The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium.
A particle accelerator is a machine that uses electromagnetic fields to propel charged particles to nearly light speed and to contain them in well-defined beams.
Particle physics (also high energy physics) is the branch of physics that studies the nature of the particles that constitute matter and radiation.
The PHENIX detector (for Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment) is the largest of the four experiments that have taken data at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) in Brookhaven National Laboratory, United States.
A photodiode is a semiconductor device that converts light into an electrical current.
Photographic plates preceded photographic film as a capture medium in photography.
Photomultiplier tubes (photomultipliers or PMTs for short), members of the class of vacuum tubes, and more specifically vacuum phototubes, are extremely sensitive detectors of light in the ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.
The photon is a type of elementary particle, the quantum of the electromagnetic field including electromagnetic radiation such as light, and the force carrier for the electromagnetic force (even when static via virtual particles).
The proportional counter is a type of gaseous ionization detector device used to measure particles of ionizing radiation.
Radioactive decay (also known as nuclear decay or radioactivity) is the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy (in terms of mass in its rest frame) by emitting radiation, such as an alpha particle, beta particle with neutrino or only a neutrino in the case of electron capture, gamma ray, or electron in the case of internal conversion.
The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is the first and one of only two operating heavy-ion colliders, and the only spin-polarized proton collider ever built.
The ring-imaging Cherenkov, or RICH, detector is a device for identifying the type of an electrically charged subatomic particle of known momentum, that traverses a transparent refractive medium, by measurement of the presence and characteristics of the Cherenkov radiation emitted during that traversal.
A scintillation counter is an instrument for detecting and measuring ionizing radiation by using the excitation effect of incident radiation on a scintillator material, and detecting the resultant light pulses.
A scintillator is a material that exhibits scintillation—the property of luminescence, when excited by ionizing radiation.
This article is about ionizing radiation detectors.
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, originally named Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, is a United States Department of Energy National Laboratory operated by Stanford University under the programmatic direction of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science and located in Menlo Park, California.
Spherical Neutral Detector is a detector for particle physics experiments, successor of the Neutral Detector (ND), created by the team of physicists in the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk, Russia.
A solid-state nuclear track detector or SSNTD (also known as an etched track detector or a dielectric track detector, DTD) is a sample of a solid material (photographic emulsion, crystal, glass or plastic) exposed to nuclear radiation (neutrons or charged particles, occasionally also gamma rays), etched, and examined microscopically.
A spark chamber is a particle detector.
The Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) is a particle accelerator of the synchrotron type at CERN.
Super-Kamiokande (semi-abbreviation of full name: Super-Kamioka Neutrino Detection Experiment, also abbreviated to Super-K or SK; スーパーカミオカンデ) is a neutrino observatory located under Mount Ikeno near the city of Hida, Gifu Prefecture, Japan.
The Tevatron was a circular particle accelerator (now inactive, since 2011) in the United States, at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (also known as Fermilab), east of Batavia, Illinois, and holds the title of the second highest energy particle collider in the world, after the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) near Geneva, Switzerland.
A time of flight (TOF) detector is a particle detector which can discriminate between a lighter and a heavier elementary particle of same momentum using their time of flight between two scintillators.
In physics, a time projection chamber (TPC) is a type of particle detector that uses a combination of electric fields and magnetic fields together with a sensitive volume of gas or liquid to perform a three-dimensional reconstruction of a particle trajectory or interaction.
A transition radiation detector (TRD) is a particle detector using the \gamma-dependent threshold of transition radiation in a stratified material.
The University of California, Irvine (UCI, UC Irvine, or Irvine), is a public research university located in Irvine, Orange County, California, United States, and one of the 10 campuses in the University of California (UC) system.
A multi-wire proportional chamber is a type of proportional counter that detects charged particles and photons and can give positional information on their trajectory, by tracking the trails of gaseous ionization.
ZEUS was a particle detector that operated on the HERA (Hadron Elektron Ring Anlage) particle accelerator at DESY, Hamburg.