28 relations: Acute (medicine), Ancient Greek, Cancer, Causal inference, Chronic condition, Disease, Epidemiology, Immune system, Immunosuppression, Infection, Inflammation, Interdisciplinarity, Kidney transplantation, Lymphoma, Malignancy, Mechanism (biology), Microorganism, Molecular pathological epidemiology, Molecular pathology, Necrosis, Neoplasm, Paradigm, Pathology, Pathophysiology, Preventive healthcare, Relapse, Salutogenesis, Skin.
In medicine, describing a disease as acute denotes that it is of short duration and, as a corollary of that, of recent onset.
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The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
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Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
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Causal inference is the process of drawing a conclusion about a causal connection based on the conditions of the occurrence of an effect.
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A chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time.
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A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
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Epidemiology is the study and analysis of the distribution (who, when, and where) and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations.
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The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
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Immunosuppression is a reduction of the activation or efficacy of the immune system.
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Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
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Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.
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Interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary studies involves the combining of two or more academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research project).
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Kidney transplantation or renal transplantation is the organ transplant of a kidney into a patient with end-stage renal disease.
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Lymphoma is a group of blood cancers that develop from lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell).
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Malignancy is the tendency of a medical condition to become progressively worse.
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In the science of biology, a mechanism is a system of causally interacting parts and processes that produce one or more effects.
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A microorganism, or microbe, is a microscopic organism, which may exist in its single-celled form or in a colony of cells. The possible existence of unseen microbial life was suspected from ancient times, such as in Jain scriptures from 6th century BC India and the 1st century BC book On Agriculture by Marcus Terentius Varro. Microbiology, the scientific study of microorganisms, began with their observation under the microscope in the 1670s by Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. In the 1850s, Louis Pasteur found that microorganisms caused food spoilage, debunking the theory of spontaneous generation. In the 1880s Robert Koch discovered that microorganisms caused the diseases tuberculosis, cholera and anthrax. Microorganisms include all unicellular organisms and so are extremely diverse. Of the three domains of life identified by Carl Woese, all of the Archaea and Bacteria are microorganisms. These were previously grouped together in the two domain system as Prokaryotes, the other being the eukaryotes. The third domain Eukaryota includes all multicellular organisms and many unicellular protists and protozoans. Some protists are related to animals and some to green plants. Many of the multicellular organisms are microscopic, namely micro-animals, some fungi and some algae, but these are not discussed here. They live in almost every habitat from the poles to the equator, deserts, geysers, rocks and the deep sea. Some are adapted to extremes such as very hot or very cold conditions, others to high pressure and a few such as Deinococcus radiodurans to high radiation environments. Microorganisms also make up the microbiota found in and on all multicellular organisms. A December 2017 report stated that 3.45 billion year old Australian rocks once contained microorganisms, the earliest direct evidence of life on Earth. Microbes are important in human culture and health in many ways, serving to ferment foods, treat sewage, produce fuel, enzymes and other bioactive compounds. They are essential tools in biology as model organisms and have been put to use in biological warfare and bioterrorism. They are a vital component of fertile soils. In the human body microorganisms make up the human microbiota including the essential gut flora. They are the pathogens responsible for many infectious diseases and as such are the target of hygiene measures.
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Molecular pathological epidemiology
Molecular pathological epidemiology (MPE, also molecular pathologic epidemiology) is a discipline combining epidemiology and pathology.
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Molecular pathology is an emerging discipline within pathology which is focused in the study and diagnosis of disease through the examination of molecules within organs, tissues or bodily fluids.
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Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.
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Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.
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In science and philosophy, a paradigm is a distinct set of concepts or thought patterns, including theories, research methods, postulates, and standards for what constitutes legitimate contributions to a field.
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Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.
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Pathophysiology or physiopathology is a convergence of pathology with physiology.
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Preventive healthcare (alternately preventive medicine, preventative healthcare/medicine, or prophylaxis) consists of measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to disease treatment.
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In medicine, relapse or recidivism is a recurrence of a past (typically medical) condition.
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Salutogenesis is a term coined by Aaron Antonovsky,Antonovsky, A. "Health, Stress and Coping" San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1979 a professor of medical sociology.
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Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.
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