416 relations: Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak, Administrative divisions of India, Agam Kuan, Ain-i-Akbari, Aircel, Airports Authority of India, Airtel digital TV, Aj (newspaper), Ajatashatru, Akbar, Alexander Cunningham, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, All India Radio, Allahabad, Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Architecture of the United Kingdom, Arthur Llewellyn Basham, Aryabhata, Aryabhatta Knowledge University, Ashok Rajpath, Ashoka, Asia, Asthma, Aurangzeb, Auto rickshaw, Azimabad, Badalpura, Bailey Road, Patna, Bangalore, Bankipore, Bankipur (Vidhan Sabha constituency), Basawon Singh (Sinha), Battle of Buxar, Bay of Bengal, Beijing, Bengal Presidency, Bengali language, Bhagalpur, Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited, Bharatiya Janata Party, Bharpura Pahleza Ghat Junction railway station, Bharti Airtel, Bhartiya Nritya Kala Mandir, Bhojpuri language, BIG FM 92.7, Bihar, Bihar and Orissa Province, Bihar Cricket Association, Bihar cricket team, Bihar Diwas, ..., Bihar Legislative Assembly, Bihar Museum, Bihar Police, Bihar School Examination Board, Bihar Sharif, Bihar State Power Holding Company Limited, Bihar State Road Transport Corporation, Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation, Bihar Urban Infrastructure Development Corporation, Bihari cuisine, Bihta, Bihta Air Force Station, Birla Institute of Technology, Patna, Biscomaun Bhawan, Bodh Gaya, Bogibeel Bridge, British Raj, Buddha Smriti Park, Buddhism, Bus, Calico, Central Board of Secondary Education, Central University of South Bihar, CEPT University, Cereal, Chaat, Champaran, Chanakya, Chanakya National Law University, Chandragupt Institute of Management, Chhath, China, Christianity, Christmas, City Mayors Foundation, Climate of India, Climatic regions of India, Code-division multiple access, Company style, Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Constituent Assembly of India, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, Cricket, Cricket in India, Daily Mail, Dainik Bhaskar, Dainik Jagran, Danapur, Danapur (Vidhan Sabha constituency), Danapur railway division, DD Free Dish, Delhi, Devanagari, Dhoti, Dialect, Diarrhea, Didarganj Yakshi, Digha (Vidhan Sabha constituency), Digha, Patna, Digha–Sonpur Bridge, Dinapur Cantonment, Dish TV, District Collector (India), Diwali, Durga, Durga Puja, Dysentery, Earthquake, Earthquake zones of India, East Central Railway zone, East India, East India Company, Education in India, Eid al-Fitr, Emerald Buddha, Etymology, Euryale ferox, Factory (trading post), Fast-moving consumer goods, Fatuha, Fatuha (Vidhan Sabha constituency), Faxian, Female, Gandaki River, Gandhi Maidan Marg, Ganges, Gautama Buddha, Gaya, India, George Cardona, Golghar, Government of Bihar, Government of India, Green Revolution, GSM, Gulzarbagh, Gupta Empire, Gurdwara Bal Lila Maini, Gurdwara Gai Ghat, Gurdwara Gobind Ghat, Gurdwara Guru ka Bagh, Gurdwara Handi Sahib, Gurmukhi script, Guru Gobind Singh, Guru Gobind Singh Hospital, Guru Tegh Bahadur, Hajipur, Haldia, Haryanka dynasty, Hindi, Hindu, Hinduism, Hindustan (newspaper), Hindustan Times, History of Patna, Holi, Howrah–Delhi main line, Human sex ratio, Humid subtropical climate, Hyderabad, Idea Cellular, India, Indian Administrative Service, Indian Certificate of Secondary Education, Indian independence movement, Indian Institute of Technology Patna, Indian Revenue Service, Indian Standard Time, Indian subcontinent, Indigo, Indo-Gangetic Plain, Inext, Inland Waterways Authority of India, Iran, Islam, Islampur, Nalanda, ISO 3166-2:IN, Jainism, James Tooley, Jay Prakash Narayan Airport, Jayaprakash Narayan, Jehanabad, Jharkhand, Jio, Kacchi Dargah–Bidupur Bridge, Kalidas Rangalaya, Kankarbagh, Köppen climate classification, Kālidāsa, Kebab, Khagaul, Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Library, Khusrupur, Kingdom of England, Kolkata, Kumhrar, Kumhrar (Vidhan Sabha constituency), Kurta, Lamb and mutton, Legislator, Licchavi (clan), List of Chief Ministers of Bihar, List of cities in India by population, List of districts in India, List of longest bridges, List of longest bridges above water in India, List of million-plus urban agglomerations in India, List of oldest continuously inhabited cities, List of state and union territory capitals in India, Literacy, Lok Sabha, Lung cancer, Magadha, Magadhi Prakrit, Magahi language, Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Maithili language, Makar Sankranti, Male, Maner (Vidhan Sabha constituency), Maner Sharif, Masaurhi, Mata Gujri, Maurya Empire, Maurya Lok, Mayor–council government, Megasthenes, Metropolis, Moin-ul-Haq Stadium, Momo (food), Monsoon, Mughal Empire, Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji, Mumbai, Munger, Murti, Nagasena, Nalanda, Nalanda district, Nalanda International Cricket Stadium, Nalanda University, Nand Kishore Yadav, Nanda Empire, Narendra Modi, National Highway (India), National Highway 19 (India), National Highway 2 (India), National Highway 30 (India), National Highway 31 (India), National Highway 83 (India), National Informatics Centre, National Institute of Fashion Technology, National Institute of Open Schooling, National Institute of Technology, Patna, National Waterway 1, Naubatpur, Nawabs of Bengal and Murshidabad, New Delhi, Niter, Nitish Kumar, Nohsa, North–South and East–West Corridor, Odia language, Odisha, Padri Ki Haveli, Pala Empire, Paliganj (Vidhan Sabha constituency), Panj Takht, Paratha, Particulates, Pashtuns, Pataliputra, Pataliputra (Lok Sabha constituency), Pataliputra Housing Colony, Patan Devi, Patliputra Natya Mahotsav, Patliputra Sports Complex, Patna Book Fair, Patna City, Patna Collectorate, Patna district, Patna division, Patna Film Festival, Patna Golf Club, Patna High Court, Patna Junction railway station, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna Metro, Patna Metropolitan Region, Patna Monorail, Patna Municipal Corporation, Patna Museum, Patna Pirates, Patna Planetarium, Patna Police, Patna Regional Development Authority, Patna rice, Patna Sahib (Lok Sabha constituency), Patna Sahib (Vidhan Sabha constituency), Patna Sahib Mahotsav, Patna School of Painting, Patna Secretariat, Patna University, Pauline Dixon, Pawapuri, Pāṇini, Peter Mundy, Phulwari (Vidhan Sabha constituency), Phulwari Sharif, Postal Index Number, Prabhat Khabar, Precipitation, Premchand Rangshala, Press Trust of India, Pro Kabaddi, Public sector undertakings in India, Punpun, Punpun River, Quit India Movement, Rabindra Parishad, Radio City (Indian radio station), Radio Mirchi, Raj Bhavan (Bihar), Rajendra Nagar, Patna, Rajendra Prasad, Rajgir, Rajgir Mahotsav, Raksha Bandhan, Ram Kripal Yadav, Rapid transit, Ratha-Yatra, Red FM 93.5, Reliance Communications, Reliance Digital TV, Robert Montgomery Martin, Sahajanand Saraswati, Sahara India Pariwar, Saidpura, Samosa, Sari, Sesame, Shalwar kameez, Shatrughan Sinha, Sher Shah Suri, Shunga Empire, Shyam Rajak, Sikh, Sikh gurus, Sikhism, Silk, Sinha Library, Smart Cities Mission, Son River, Sonepur Cattle Fair, Sonpur, Bihar, South Bihar Power Distribution Company Limited, Spain, Sri Lanka, States and union territories of India, Statue of Mahatma Gandhi, Gandhi Maidan, Subedar, Sugarcane, Sun Direct, Superintendent of police (India), Takht Sri Patna Sahib, Tata DoCoMo, Tata Sky, Tata Teleservices, Tekari Raj, Telenor India, Telephone numbering plan, Telephone numbers in India, Tertiary sector of the economy, The Economic Times, The Hindu, The Indian Express, The Pioneer (newspaper), The Telegraph (Calcutta), The Times of India, The Wonder That Was India, Tourism in Patna, Tourist attraction, Train, Trams in India, UN/LOCODE, United Nations Development Programme, Urban area, Urban planning, Urbanization, Urdu, Vaishali (ancient city), Vaishali district, Varanasi, Vasant Panchami, Vātsyāyana, Videocon d2h, Videocon Telecom, Vidhan Sabha, Virgin Mobile, Vividh Bharati, Vodafone India, William Tayler, World Bank, World Health Organization, 2012 Women's Kabaddi World Cup (Circle style), 2013 Patna bombings, 2014 Patna stampede. Expand index (366 more) » « Shrink index
Shaikh Abu al-Fazal ibn Mubarak (ابو الفضل) also known as Abu'l-Fazl, Abu'l Fadl and Abu'l-Fadl 'Allami (14 January 1551 – 12 August 1602) was the Grand vizier of the Mughal emperor Akbar, and author of the Akbarnama, the official history of Akbar's reign in three volumes, (the third volume is known as the Ain-i-Akbari) and a Persian translation of the Bible.
The administrative divisions of India are subnational administrative units of India; they compose a nested hierarchy of country subdivisions.
Agam Kuan (अगम कुआं,"unfathomable well") is an ancient well and archaeological site in Patna, India.
The Ain-i-Akbari (آئینِ اکبری) or the "Constitution of Akbar", is a 16th-century, detailed document recording the administration of emperor Akbar's empire, written by his vizier, Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak.
Aircel Ltd. is a defunct Indian mobile network operator headquartered in Gurgaon that offered voice and 2G and 3G data services.
The Airports Authority of India or AAI under the Ministry of Civil Aviation is responsible for creating, upgrading, maintaining and managing civil aviation infrastructure in India.
Airtel digital TV is an Indian direct-broadcast satellite service provider owned and operated by Bharti Airtel.
Aj (आज meaning "Today") is a Hindi language daily broadsheet newspaper in India, currently published from 12 cities in Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand states.
Ajatashatru (Pali: Ajātasattu; Kunika; or early 4th century BCE) was a king of the Haryanka dynasty of Magadha in North India.
Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar (15 October 1542– 27 October 1605), popularly known as Akbar I, was the third Mughal emperor, who reigned from 1556 to 1605.
Sir Alexander Cunningham (23 January 1814 – 28 November 1893) was a British army engineer with the Bengal Engineer Group who later took an interest in the history and archaeology of India.
All India Institute of Medical Sciences Patna (AIIMS Patna) (officially Jayaprakash Narayan All India Institute of Medical Sciences) is a medical college and medical research public university based in Patna, Bihar, India.
All India Radio (AIR), officially known since 1956 as Ākāshvāṇī ("Voice from the Sky") is the national public radio broadcaster of India and a division of Prasar Bharati.
Prayag, or Allahabad is a large metropolitan city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of Allahabad District, the most populous district in the state and 13th most populous district in India, and the Allahabad Division.
The architecture of the United Kingdom, or British architecture, consists of an eclectic combination of architectural styles, ranging from those that predate the creation of the United Kingdom, such as Roman, to 21st century contemporary.
Arthur Llewellyn Basham (24 May 1914 – 27 January 1986) was a noted historian and Indologist and author of a number of books.
Aryabhata (IAST) or Aryabhata I (476–550 CE) was the first of the major mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy.
Aryabhatta Knowledge University (AKU) is collegiate public state university located in Patna, Bihar, India.
Ashok Rajpath (Hindi: अशोक राजपथ) is a road in Patna, the capital of Bihar.
Ashoka (died 232 BCE), or Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty, who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from to 232 BCE.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.
Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad (محي الدين محمد) (3 November 1618 – 3 March 1707), commonly known by the sobriquet Aurangzeb (اَورنگزیب), (اورنگزیب "Ornament of the Throne") or by his regnal title Alamgir (عالمگِیر), (عالمگير "Conqueror of the World"), was the sixth, and widely considered the last effective Mughal emperor.
An auto rickshaw is a motorized development of the traditional pulled rickshaw or cycle rickshaw.
Azimabad (अज़ीमाबाद, عظیم آباد) was the name of modern-day Patna during the eighteenth century, prior to the British Raj.
Badalpur (also known as Badalpura) is a town in Patna district in the Indian state of Bihar.
Bailey Road is a road and neighbourhood in Patna, India.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Bankipur is a neighbourhood and residential area in Patna in the Indian state of Bihar.
Bankipore Vidhan Sabha constituency(बांकीपुर विधानसभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of 243 legislative assembly of legislative assembly of Bihar.
Basawon Singh, also known as Basawon Sinha, (died 7 April 1989) was an Indian independence activist and a campaigner for the rights of the underprivileged, industrial labourers and agricultural workers.
The Battle of Buxar was fought on 22 October 1764 between the forces under the command of the British East India Company led by Hector Munro and the combined armies of Mir Qasim, Nawab of Bengal till 1763; the Nawab of Awadh; and the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II.
The Bay of Bengal (Bengali: বঙ্গোপসাগর) is the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean, bounded on the west and north by India and Bangladesh, and on the east by Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India).
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
The Bengal Presidency was once the largest subdivision (presidency) of British India, with its seat in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
Bengali, also known by its endonym Bangla (বাংলা), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in South Asia.
Bhagalpur is a city of historical importance on the southern banks of the river Ganges in the Indian state of Bihar.
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (abbreviated BSNL) is an Indian state-owned telecommunications company headquartered in New Delhi.
The Bharatiya Janata Party (translation: Indian People's Party; BJP) is one of the two major political parties in India, along with the Indian National Congress.
Bharpura Pahlejaghat Junction (Hindi name - भरपुरा पहलेजाघाट जंक्शन), station code PHLG, is a railway station in Sonpur division of East Central Railway.
Bharti Airtel Limited (commonly shortened to Airtel and stylised airtel) is an Indian global telecommunications services company based in New Delhi, India.
The Bharatiya Nritya Kala Mandir (meaning Indian Dance Arts Temple) is an arts and crafts museum and a multi-purpose cultural centre located in Patna, in the capital of Bihar, India.
Bhojpuri is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Northern-Eastern part of India and the Terai region of Nepal.
92.7 BIG FM is a nationwide private FM radio station in India owned by Indian businessman Anil Ambani.
Bihar is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India.
Bihar and Orissa was a province of British India which included the present-day Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, and a part of Odisha.
Bihar Cricket Association is a body of the cricket activities in the Bihar state of India and the Bihar cricket team.
The Bihar cricket team is a cricket team representing the state of Bihar in the Indian domestic competitions.
Bihar Diwas (Bihar Day) is observed every year on March 22, marking the formation of the state of Bihar.
The Bihar Legislative Assembly, also known as the Bihar Vidhan Sabha, is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Bihar.
Bihar Museum (Hindi: बिहार संग्रहालय) is a modern state of the art museum located in Patna.
The Bihar Police Department is the law and order municipal police force for the state of Bihar in India.
The Bihar School Examination Board (abbreviated BSEB) is a statutory body under section 3 of Bihar School Examination Board Act - 1952 which is functioning under Government of Bihar devised to conduct examinations at secondary and senior secondary standard in both government and private schools belonging to state of Bihar on the basis of syllabus as prescribed by the Government of Bihar.
Bihar Sharif is the headquarters of Nalanda district and the fifth-largest sub-metropolitan area in the eastern Indian state of Bihar.
Bihar State Power Holding Company Limited (or BSPHCL), also known as erstwhile Bihar State Electricity Board (or BSEB) is a state-owned electricity regulation board operating within the state of Bihar in India.
Bihar State Road Transport Corporation or BSRTC is a state-owned road transportation company in Bihar.
Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation (बिहार राज्य पर्यटन विकास निगम), (abbreviated as BSTDC), is a body of the Government of Bihar responsible for the development of tourism in the Indian state of Bihar.
Bihar Urban Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (बिहार शहरी आधारभूत संरचना विकास निगम लिमिटेड), commonly abbreviated as BUIDCO, is the urban planning agency of the state of Bihar in India, that is responsible for the infrastructure development of the state.
Bihari cuisine (बिहारी खाना, بِہاری کھانا) is eaten mainly in Bihar, Jharkhand, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bangladesh, Nepal, Mauritius, South Africa, Fiji, some cities of Pakistan, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname, Jamaica, and the Caribbean, as these are the places where people originating from the state of Bihar are present.
Bihta is a fastest growing township in patna ￼￼district Indian state of Bihar.
The Bihta Air Force Station is an Indian Air Force (IAF) base in Bihta, Bihar, India.
Birla Institute of Technology, Patna is an educational centre offering undergraduate and postgraduate courses located in Patna, Bihar, India.
Biscomaun Bhawan was the tallest building in Patna and Bihar.
Bodh Gaya is a religious site and place of pilgrimage associated with the Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Gaya district in the Indian state of Bihar.
Bogibeel bridge (Assamese: বগীবিল দলং) is a combined road and rail bridge over the Brahmaputra river in the north eastern Indian state of Assam between Dhemaji district and Dibrugarh district.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Buddha Smriti Park also known as Buddha Memorial Park (as translated in english) is an urban park located on Frazer Road near Patna Junction in Patna, India.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.
Calico (in British usage since 1505) is a plain-woven textile made from unbleached and often not fully processed cotton.
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is a national level board of education in India for public and private schools, controlled and managed by Union Government of India.
The Central University of South Bihar (CUSB) is one of the sixteen newly established Central Universities by the Government of India under the Central Universities Act, 2009 (Section 25 of 2009).
CEPT University, formerly the Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, is an academic institution located near university area in Ahmedabad, India offering undergraduate and postgraduate programmes in areas of natural and developed environment of human society and related disciplines.
A cereal is any edible components of the grain (botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis) of cultivated grass, composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran.
Chaat (चाट, चाट,, চাট, چاٹ) is a savory snack that originated in India, typically served as a hors d'oeuvre at roadside tracks from stalls or food carts across the Indian subcontinent in India, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh.
Champaran is a historic region which now forms the East Champaran district, and the West Champaran district in Bihar, India.
Chanakya (IAST:,; fl. c. 4th century BCE) was an Indian teacher, philosopher, economist, jurist and royal advisor.
Chanakya National Law University (CNLU) is an autonomous law school in Patna, Bihar, India.
Chandragupt Institute of Management Patna (CIMP) was established in 2008 as an autonomous institution under the Societies Act, with active support from the government of Bihar.
Chhath is an ancient Hindu Vedic festival historically native to the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh as well as the Madhesh region of Nepal.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The City Mayors Foundation, also known as City Mayors, is an international think tank dedicated to urban affairs.
The Climate of India comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a vast geographic scale and varied topography, making generalisations difficult.
India has a large variation in climate from region to region, due to its vast size.
Code-division multiple access (CDMA) is a channel access method used by various radio communication technologies.
Company style or Company painting (kampani kalam in Hindi) is a term for a hybrid Indo-European style of paintings made in India by Indian artists, many of whom worked for European patrons in the British East India Company or other foreign Companies in the 18th and 19th centuries.
The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India is an authority, established by Article 148 of the Constitution of India, which audits all receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and the state governments, including those of bodies and authorities substantially financed by the government.
An idea for a Constituent Assembly of India was proposed in 1934 by M. N. Roy, a pioneer of the Communist movement in India and an advocate of radical democracy.
The Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) is a privately-held national level board of school education in India that conducts the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education and the Indian School Certificate examinations for Class X and Class XII respectively.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
Cricket in India is the nation's most popular sport by far.
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-marketPeter Wilby, New Statesman, 19 December 2013 (online version: 2 January 2014) tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust and published in London.
Dainik Bhaskar (दैनिक भास्कर) is an Indian Hindi-language daily newspaper that is the second largest circulated daily newspaper of India.
Dainik Jagran (दैनिक जागरण, Daily Awakening) is an Indian Hindi language daily newspaper.
Danapur (also known as Dinapur Nizamat or Dinapur) is a satellite town of Patna in Bihar state of India.
Danapur Vidhan Sabha constituency(दानापुर विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of 243 legislative assembly of legislative assembly of Bihar.
Danapur railway division is one of the five divisions of East Central Railway (ECR), a zone of the Indian Railways located at Danapur in Patna district of Bihar state in eastern India.
DD Free Dish (previously known as DD Direct Plus) is an Indian free-to-air digital direct-broadcast satellite television service owned and operated by the state-controlled public service broadcaster Prasar Bharati (Doordarshan).
Delhi (Dilli), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India.
Devanagari (देवनागरी,, a compound of "''deva''" देव and "''nāgarī''" नागरी; Hindi pronunciation), also called Nagari (Nāgarī, नागरी),Kathleen Kuiper (2010), The Culture of India, New York: The Rosen Publishing Group,, page 83 is an abugida (alphasyllabary) used in India and Nepal.
The Vesti, also known as panche, Dhoti, dhuti, mardani, chaadra, dhotar, and panchey, is a traditional men's garment worn in the Indian subcontinent.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.
The Didarganj Yakshi (or Didarganj Chauri Bearer; दीदारगंज यक्षी) is sometimes considered as on of the finest examples of Mauryan art.
Digha (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (दीघा विधानसभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of 243 legislative assembly constituencies of the legislative assembly of Bihar.
Digha (Hindi: दीघा) is a residential neighbourhood in Patna.
The Digha–Sonpur rail–road bridge (दीघा-सोनपुर रेल-सह-सड़क सेतु) or J.P Setu (जेपी सेतु) is a bridge across river Ganga, connecting Digha Ghat in Patna and Pahleja Ghat in Sonpur, Saran district in the Indian state of Bihar.
Danapur Cantonment or Danapur Cantt is a cantonment town in Patna District in the state of Bihar, India.
DishTV India Ltd. (stylised as dishtv) is India's Direct to Home (DTH) television operator using MPEG-4, DVB-S2 and MPEG-2 digital compression technology.
A District Collector, often abbreviated to Collector, is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer in charge of revenue collection and administration of a district in India.
Diwali or Deepavali is the Hindu festival of lights celebrated every year in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring in southern hemisphere).
Durga, also identified as Adi Parashakti, Devī, Shakti, Bhavani, Parvati, Amba and by numerous other names, is a principal and popular form of Hindu goddess.
Durga Puja, also called Durgotsava, is an annual Hindu festival in the Indian subcontinent that reveres the goddess Durga. Durga Puja is believed to be the greatest festival of the Bengali people. It is particularly popular in West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Assam, Tripura, Bangladesh and the diaspora from this region, and also in Nepal where it is called Dashain. The festival is observed in the Hindu calendar month of Ashvin, typically September or October of the Gregorian calendar, and is a multi-day festival that features elaborate temple and stage decorations (pandals), scripture recitation, performance arts, revelry, and processions. It is a major festival in the Shaktism tradition of Hinduism across India and Shakta Hindu diaspora. Durga Puja festival marks the battle of goddess Durga with the shape-shifting, deceptive and powerful buffalo demon Mahishasura, and her emerging victorious. Thus, the festival epitomises the victory of good over evil, but it also is in part a harvest festival that marks the goddess as the motherly power behind all of life and creation. The Durga Puja festival dates coincide with Vijayadashami (Dussehra) observed by other traditions of Hinduism, where the Ram Lila is enacted — the victory of Rama is marked and effigies of demon Ravana are burnt instead. The primary goddess revered during Durga Puja is Durga, but her stage and celebrations feature other major deities of Hinduism such as goddess Lakshmi (goddess of wealth, prosperity), Saraswati (goddess of knowledge and music), Ganesha (god of good beginnings) and Kartikeya (god of war). The latter two are considered to be children of Durga (Parvati). The Hindu god Shiva, as Durga's husband, is also revered during this festival. The festival begins on the first day with Mahalaya, marking Durga's advent in her battle against evil. Starting with the sixth day (Sasthi), the goddess is welcomed, festive Durga worship and celebrations begin in elaborately decorated temples and pandals hosting the statues. Lakshmi and Saraswati are revered on the following days. The festival ends of the tenth day of Vijaya Dashami, when with drum beats of music and chants, Shakta Hindu communities start a procession carrying the colorful clay statues to a river or ocean and immerse them, as a form of goodbye and her return to divine cosmos and Mount Kailash. The festival is an old tradition of Hinduism, though it is unclear how and in which century the festival began. Surviving manuscripts from the 14th century provide guidelines for Durga puja, while historical records suggest royalty and wealthy families were sponsoring major Durga Puja public festivities since at least the 16th century. The prominence of Durga Puja increased during the British Raj in its provinces of Bengal and Assam. Durga Puja is a ten-day festival, of which the last five are typically special and an annual holiday in regions such as West Bengal, Odisha and Tripura where it is particularly popular. In the contemporary era, the importance of Durga Puja is as much as a social festival as a religious one wherever it is observed.
Dysentery is an inflammatory disease of the intestine, especially of the colon, which always results in severe diarrhea and abdominal pains.
An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.
The Indian subcontinent has a history of devastating earthquakes.
The East Central Railway (abbreviated ECR and पूमरे) is one of the 17 railway zones in India.
East India is a region of India consisting of the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha and also the union territory Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
Education in India is provided by the public sector as well as the private sector, with control and funding coming from three levels: central, state and local.
Eid al-Fitr (عيد الفطر) is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm).
The Emerald Buddha (พระแก้วมรกต, or พระพุทธมหามณีรัตนปฏิมากร) is considered the palladium of the Kingdom of Thailand.
EtymologyThe New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p. 633 "Etymology /ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/ the study of the class in words and the way their meanings have changed throughout time".
Euryale ferox (common names, fox nut, foxnut, gorgon nut or makhana) is the only extant species in the genus Euryale.
"Factory" (from Latin facere, meaning "to do"; feitoria, factorij, factorerie, comptoir) was the common name during the medieval and early modern eras for an entrepôt – which was essentially an early form of free-trade zone or transshipment point.
Fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) or consumer packaged goods (CPG) are products that are sold quickly and at relatively low cost.
Fatuha also spelled Fatwah or Fatwa, is a Satellite town in Patna Metropolitan Region, in the Patna district in the Indian state of Bihar.
Fatuha Vidhan Sabha constituency(फतुहा विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of 243 legislative assembly of legislative assembly of Bihar.
Faxian (337 – c. 422) was a Chinese Buddhist monk who travelled by foot from China to India, visiting many sacred Buddhist sites in what are now Xinjiang, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka between 399-412 to acquire Buddhist texts.
Female (♀) is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, that produces non-mobile ova (egg cells).
The Gandaki River (also known as the Narayani and the Gandak) is one of the major rivers of Nepal and a left bank tributary of the Ganges in India.
Gandhi Maidan or Gandhi Maidan Marg is one of the most important thoroughfares in Patna, India.
The Ganges, also known as Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh.
Gautama Buddha (c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE), also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni Buddha, or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.
Gaya is a city of ancient historical and mythological significance.
George Cardona (born June 3, 1936) is an American linguist, Indologist, Sanskritist, and scholar of Pāṇini.
The Golghar or Gol Ghar (गोलघर), ("Round house") is a large granary located to the west of the Gandhi Maidan in Patna, capital of Bihar state, India.
The Government of Bihar, known locally as the State Government, is the supreme governing authority of the Indian state of Bihar and its 9 divisions which consist of 38 districts.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
The Green Revolution, or Third Agricultural Revolution, refers to a set of research and the development of technology transfer initiatives occurring between the 1930s and the late 1960s (with prequels in the work of the agrarian geneticist Nazareno Strampelli in the 1920s and 1930s), that increased agricultural production worldwide, particularly in the developing world, beginning most markedly in the late 1960s.
GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation digital cellular networks used by mobile devices such as tablets, first deployed in Finland in December 1991.
Gulzarbagh is a neighbourhood of Patna in the Bihar state of India.
The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire, existing from approximately 240 to 590 CE.
Gurdwara Bal Lila Maini in a narrow lane close to Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib marks the house where King Fateh Chand Maini lived.
Gurdwara Pahila Bara, commonly known as Gurdwara Gai Ghat, is a holy Gurdwara of Sikh religion.
Gurdwara Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ghat situated on the bank of river Ganges is hardly 200 yards from Takht Sri Patna Sahib.
About three kilometers east of Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib is where Guru Tegh Bahadur first alighted in a garden (bagh) belonging to Nawabs Rahim Bakhsh and Karim Bakhsh, nobles of Patna, and where the sangat of Patna along with the young Guru Gobind Singh came out to receive him back from his four-year-long odyssey.
Gurdwara Handi Sahib is situated in Danapur is a cantonment station, 20 km west of old Patna City.
Gurmukhi (Gurmukhi (the literal meaning being "from the Guru's mouth"): ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ) is a Sikh script modified, standardized and used by the second Sikh Guru, Guru Angad (1563–1606).
Guru Gobind Singh (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ) (5 January 1666 – 7 October 1708), born Gobind Rai, was the tenth Sikh Guru, a spiritual master, warrior, poet and philosopher.
Guru Gobind Singh Hospital (GGSH) is located in Patna City (Patna Sahib), Patna.
Guru Tegh Bahadur (1 April 1621 – 24 November 1675), revered as the ninth Nanak, was the ninth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion.
Hajipur (Hājīpur) is the largest city and headquarters of Vaishali district of Tirhut Division in the Indian state of Bihar.
Haldia is an industrial city and municipality in Purba Medinipur district, in the Indian state of West Bengal.
The Haryanka dynasty was the second ruling dynasty of Magadha, an ancient kingdom in India, which succeeded the mythological Barhadratha dynasty.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Hindustan Dainik or 'Hindustan' is an Indian Hindi-language daily newspaper and the third-largest circulated newspaper in India.
Hindustan Times is an Indian English-language daily newspaper founded in 1924 with roots in the Indian independence movement of the period ("Hindustan" being a historical name for India).
Patna (पटना), the capital of Bihar state, India, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world and the History of Patna spans at least three millennia.
Holi (Holī), also known as the "festival of colours", is a spring festival celebrated all across the Indian subcontinent as well as in countries with large Indian subcontinent diaspora populations such as Jamaica, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, South Africa, Malaysia, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Mauritius, and Fiji.
The Howrah–Delhi main line is a railway line connecting Delhi and Kolkata cutting across northern India.
In anthropology and demography, the human sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population.
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.
Hyderabad is the capital of the Indian state of Telangana and de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh.
Idea Cellular (commonly referred to as simply Idea, and stylised as !dea) is an Indian mobile network operator based at Mumbai, Maharashtra.Idea is a pan-India integrated GSM operator offering 2G, 3G and 4G mobile services.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Indian Administrative Service (IAST), often abbreviated to I.A.S., or simply IAS, is the administrative arm of the All India Services.
The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) is an examination conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination, a private board of school education in India.
The Indian independence movement encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1857) and the British Indian Empire (1857–1947) in the Indian subcontinent.
The Indian Institute of Technology Patna (abbreviated IIT Patna or IITP) is an autonomous institute of education and research in science, engineering and technology located in Patna, India.
The Indian Revenue Service, abbreviated as IRS, is the administrative revenue service of the Central Civil Services of the Government of India.
Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time observed throughout India, with a time offset of UTC+05:30.
The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.
Indigo is a deep and rich color close to the color wheel blue (a primary color in the RGB color space), as well as to some variants of ultramarine.
The Indo-Gangetic Plain, also known as the Indus-Ganga Plain and the North Indian River Plain, is a 255 million-hectare (630 million-acre) fertile plain encompassing most of northern and eastern India, the eastern parts of Pakistan, virtually all of Bangladesh and southern plains of Nepal.
Dainik Jagran inext is a broadsheet daily newspaper published in India.
India has an extensive network of inland waterways in the form of rivers, canals, backwaters and creeks.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Islampur is a city and Notified area in Nalanda district in the Indian state of Bihar.
ISO 3166-2:IN is the entry for India in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
James Nicholas Tooley (born July 1959, in Southampton, England) is a professor of education policy at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, where he directs the E. G. West Centre.
Jay Prakash Narayan Airport is a customs airport located in Patna, the state capital of Bihar in India.
Jayaprakash Narayan (11 October 1902 – 8 October 1979), popularly referred to as JP or Lok Nayak (Hindi for The People's Leader), was an Indian independence activist, theorist and political leader, remembered especially for leading the mid-1970s opposition against Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, for whose overthrow he called a "total revolution".
Jehanabad is a town in Nagar Parishad and is the headquarters of Jehanabad district in the Indian state of Bihar.
Jharkhand (lit. "Bushland" or The land of forest) is a state in eastern India, carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000.
Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited d/b/a Jio is an Indian mobile network operator.
The Kacchi Dargah–Bidupur Bridge (कच्ची दरगाह-बिदुपुर सेतु), currently under construction, will span the river Ganges, connecting Kacchi Dargah in Patna and Bidupur in Hajipur in the Indian state of Bihar.
Kalidas Rangalaya is one of Bihar's well-known theatres and a center for cultural performances in Patna, India.
Kankarbagh or Kankarbagh Colony is a neighbourhood and residential area in Patna.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kālidāsa was a Classical Sanskrit writer, widely regarded as the greatest poet and dramatist in the Sanskrit language of India.
Kebabs (also kabobs or kababs) are various cooked meat dishes, with their origins in Middle Eastern cuisine.
Khagaul is a city and a municipality in Patna district in the Indian state of Bihar.
Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Library is one of the national libraries of India.
Khusrupur is a city of Patna district.
The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Kumhrar or Kumrahar is the name of an area of Patna, where remains of the ancient city of Pataliputra were excavated.
Kumhrar Vidhan Sabha constituency(कुम्हरार विधानसभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of 243 legislative assembly of legislative assembly of Bihar.
A kurta (कुर्ता, কুর্তা, ਕੁੜਤਾ, کرتہ) is an upper garment for men and women, originating in the Indian subcontinent, with regional variations of form.
Lamb, hogget, and mutton are the meat of domestic sheep (species Ovis aries) at different ages.
A legislator (or lawmaker) is a person who writes and passes laws, especially someone who is a member of a legislature.
The Licchavis were the most famous clan amongst the ruling confederate clans of the Vajji Mahajanapada of ancient India.
The Chief Minister of Bihar is the chief executive of the Indian state of Bihar.
The following tables are the list of cities in India by population.
A district (zilā) is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory.
This is a list of the world's longest bridges more than three kilometres long sorted by their full length above land or water.
This is a list of India’s bridges longer than sorted by their full length above water.
India is a country in South Asia.
This is a list of present-day cities by the time period over which they have been continuously inhabited.
India is a country located in southern Asia.
Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.
The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha.
Lung cancer, also known as lung carcinoma, is a malignant lung tumor characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung.
Magadha was an ancient Indian kingdom in southern Bihar, and was counted as one of the sixteen Mahajanapadas (Sanskrit: "Great Countries") of ancient India.
Magadhi Prakrit (Māgadhī) was a vernacular Middle Indo-Aryan language, replacing earlier Vedic Sanskrit in parts of the Indian subcontinents.
The Magahi language, also known as Magadhi, is a language spoken in Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal states of eastern India.
Mahatma Gandhi Setu (also called Gandhi Setu or Ganga Setu) is a bridge over the river Ganges connecting Patna in the south to Hajipur in the north of Bihar.
Maithili (Maithilī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Bihar and Jharkhand states of India and is one of the 22 recognised Indian languages.
Makar Sankranti, also known as Makara Sankrānti (Sanskrit: मकर सङ्क्रान्ति) or Maghi, is a festival day in the Hindu calendar, in reference to deity Surya (sun).
A male (♂) organism is the physiological sex that produces sperm.
Maner Vidhan Sabha constituency(मनेर विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of 243 legislative assembly of legislative assembly of Bihar.
Maner also spelled Maner or Maner Sharif, is a Satellite town in Patna Metropolitan Region, in the Patna district in the Indian state of Bihar.
Masaurhi (Hindi - मसौढ़ी) is a city and a Nagar Parishad in Patna district in the Indian state of Bihar.
Mata Gujri (1624–1705), also known as Mata Gujari, was the wife of Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhism, and the mother of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of Sikhism.
The Maurya Empire was a geographically-extensive Iron Age historical power founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated ancient India between 322 BCE and 180 BCE.
Maurya Lok Complex or Maurya Lok is one of the oldest and major shopping areas of Patna, India.
The mayor–council government system is a system of organization of local government.
Megasthenes (Μεγασθένης, c. 350 – c. 290 BC) was an ancient Greek historian, diplomat and Indian ethnographer and explorer in the Hellenistic period.
A metropolis is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications.
Moin-Ul-Haq Stadium or Rajendra Nagar Stadium is located in Patna, Bihar, India.
Momo is a type of South Asian dumpling; native to Bhutan, Tibet, Nepal, and the Ladakh, Sikkim, Assam and Darjeeling regions of India.
Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.
The Mughal Empire (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān)) or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, but with significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances; only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian, while successive emperors were of predominantly Rajput and Persian ancestry. The dynasty was Indo-Persian in culture, combining Persianate culture with local Indian cultural influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning approximately four million square kilometres at its zenith, after only the Maurya Empire, which spanned approximately five million square kilometres. The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. The Mughal Empire is considered "India's last golden age" and one of the three Islamic Gunpowder Empires (along with the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia). The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire, through his son Chagatai Khan) and Timur (Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire). During the reign of Humayun, the successor of Babur, the empire was briefly interrupted by the Sur Empire. The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne. Under the rule of Akbar and his son Jahangir, the region enjoyed economic progress as well as religious harmony, and the monarchs were interested in local religious and cultural traditions. Akbar was a successful warrior who also forged alliances with several Hindu Rajput kingdoms. Some Rajput kingdoms continued to pose a significant threat to the Mughal dominance of northwestern India, but most of them were subdued by Akbar. All Mughal emperors were Muslims; Akbar, however, propounded a syncretic religion in the latter part of his life called Dīn-i Ilāhī, as recorded in historical books like Ain-i-Akbari and Dabistān-i Mazāhib. The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in the local societies during most of its existence, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. Traditional and newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Maratha Empire|Marathas, the Rajputs, the Pashtuns, the Hindu Jats and the Sikhs, gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, between 1628 and 1658, was the zenith of Mughal architecture. He erected several large monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid, Agra, the Red Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb and also started its terminal decline in his reign due to Maratha military resurgence under Category:History of Bengal Category:History of West Bengal Category:History of Bangladesh Category:History of Kolkata Category:Empires and kingdoms of Afghanistan Category:Medieval India Category:Historical Turkic states Category:Mongol states Category:1526 establishments in the Mughal Empire Category:1857 disestablishments in the Mughal Empire Category:History of Pakistan.
Ikhtiyar al-Din Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji, also known as Malik Ghazi Ikhtiyar 'l-Din Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji or Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji or simply Bakhtiyar Khilji (died 1206), a military general of Qutb al-Din Aibak, was responsible for the destruction of Nalanda university.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Munger is a twin city and a Municipal Corporation situated in the Indian state of Bihar.
A Murti (Sanskrit: मूर्ति, IAST: Mūrti) literally means any form, embodiment or solid object, and typically refers to an image, statue or idol of a deity or person in Indian culture.
Nāgasena was a Sarvastivadan Buddhist sage born in Kashmir and lived around 150 BCE.
Nalanda was a Mahavihara, a large Buddhist monastery, in the ancient kingdom of Magadha (modern-day Bihar) in India.
Nalanda district is one of the thirty-eight districts of the state of Bihar in India.
Nalanda International Cricket Stadium is a proposed cricket stadium in Nalanda, Bihar.
Nalanda University (also known as Nalanda International University) is located in Rajgir, near Nalanda, Bihar, India.
Nand Kishore Yadav (born 26 August 1953) is an Indian Politician.
The Nanda dynasty originated from the region of Magadha in ancient India during the 4th century BCE and lasted between 345–321 BCE.
Narendra Damodardas Modi (born 17 September 1950) is an Indian politician serving as the 14th and current Prime Minister of India since 2014.
The national highways network of India is a network of trunk roads that is managed and maintained by CPWD, Central Public Works Department, an agency of the Government of India.
National Highway 19 (NH 19) is a National Highway in India.
National Highway 2 is a National Highway in India that runs from Dibrugarh in Assam to Tuipang in Mizoram connecting Sivasagar, Amguri, Mokokchung, Wokha, Kohima, Imphal, Churachandpur, Sasaram, Seling, Serchhip, Lawngtlai.
National Highway 30 (NH 30) (previously National Highway 221) is a National Highway in India.
National Highway 31 (NH 31) is a National Highway in India.It starts from Unnao in Uttar Pradesh and passes through Bihar and terminates at its crossing with State Highway 10 (West Bengal) at Samsi near Pandua in Malda district of West Bengal.
National Highway 83 (NH 83) is a National Highway in India go through Chennai-Villupuram-Perambalur-Trichy-Dindigul-Batlagundu -Coimbatore.
The National Informatics Centre (NIC) (Rashtriya Suchna Vigyan Kendra) is the premier science & technology organisation of Government of India in informatics services and information and communication technology (ICT) applications.
National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) is a group of fashion colleges in India.
The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS), formerly National Open School, (name changed in 2002) is the board of education under the Union Government of India.
The National Institute of Technology Patna (NIT Patna), formerly Bihar School of Engineering and Bihar College of Engineering, is a public engineering institution located in Patna in the Indian state of Bihar.
The National Waterway 1 or NW-1 or Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly river system is located in India and runs from Haldia (Sagar) to Allahabad across the Ganges, Bhagirathi and Hooghly river systems.
Naubatpur is a satellite town in Patna Metropolitan Region in Patna district in the Indian state of Bihar.
The Nawabs of Bengal (full title, the Nawab Nizam of Bengal and Orissa) were the rulers of the then provinces of Bengal and Orissa.
New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.
Niter, or nitre (chiefly British), is the mineral form of potassium nitrate, KNO3, also known as saltpeter or saltpetre.
Nitish Kumar (born 1 March 1951) is an Indian politician who has been the Chief Minister of Bihar, a state in eastern India, since 2017.
Nohsa is a census town in Phulwari Sharif, Patna in Bihar state of India.
The North–South–East–West Corridor (NS-EW) is the largest ongoing highway project in India.
Odia (ଓଡ଼ିଆ) (formerly romanized as Oriya) is a language spoken by 4.2% of India's population.
Odisha (formerly Orissa) is one of the 29 states of India, located in eastern India.
Padri-Ki-Haveli ("Mansion of Padre"), also known as Visitation of the blessed Virgin Mary, it is the oldest church in Bihar.
The Pala Empire was an imperial power during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent, which originated in the region of Bengal.
Paliganj Vidhan Sabha constituency is one of 243 legislative assembly of legislative assembly of Bihar.
Takht or Taḵẖata (Punjabi: ਤਖ਼ਤ), which literally means a throne or seat of authority, is a result of the historical growth of the religion of Sikhism.
A paratha is a flatbread that originated in the Indian subcontinent.
Atmospheric aerosol particles, also known as atmospheric particulate matter, particulate matter (PM), particulates, or suspended particulate matter (SPM) are microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in Earth's atmosphere.
The Pashtuns (or; پښتانه Pax̌tānə; singular masculine: پښتون Pax̌tūn, feminine: پښتنه Pax̌tana; also Pukhtuns), historically known as ethnic Afghans (افغان, Afğān) and Pathans (Hindustani: پٹھان, पठान, Paṭhān), are an Iranic ethnic group who mainly live in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Pataliputra (IAST), adjacent to modern-day Patna, was a city in ancient India, originally built by Magadha ruler Udayin in 490 BCE as a small fort near the Ganges river.
Pataliputra (Lok Sabha constituency) (पाटलिपुत्र लोकसभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 543 parliamentary constituencies in India.
Patliputra colony (officially Pataliputra Housing colony) is a housing cooperative society in Patna, the capital city of Bihar.
Patan Devi (पटन देवी मंदिर), also called Maa Patneshwari, is the oldest and one of the most sacred temples of Patna.
Patliputra Natya Mahotsav (PNM), started in 1985, is an annual theatre festival organized in the Patna, India by the Prayas, an NGO, with the help of Union and state ministries of culture.
The Patliputra Stadium at the Patliputra Sports Complex is a multi-purpose stadium in Kankarbagh, Patna, Bihar.
Patna Book Fair or Patna Pushtak Mela is an annual book fair organized in Patna, India by the Centre for Readership Development (CRD), an NGO, held annually (usually in the middle of November) at the Gandhi Maidan, selling and exhibiting books, printed matter, stationery, printing, compact discs and other multimedia publishing.
Patna City, popularly known as Patna Sahib or Patna Saheb is a neighbourhood in Patna, Bihar, India.
Patna Collectorate or (District Collectorate, Patna) is administrative head office of Collector of Patna district in Patna (district headquarters).
Patna district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state in eastern India.
Patna division is one of the nine administrative units of Bihar, a state in the east of India.
Patna Film Festival is an international film festival.
The Patna Golf Club was established on 21 March 1916.
Patna High Court is the High Court of the state of Bihar.
Patna Junction, station code PNBE, is a major railway station in the capital city of Patna in the Indian state of Bihar.
Patna Medical College and Hospital (abbreviated as PMCH) was established in 1925 and originally known as Prince of Wales Medical College, is a medical college located in Patna, the state capital of Bihar, India.
Patna Metro (पटना मेट्रो) is a planned rapid transit system for the city of Patna in Bihar, India.
Patna Metropolitan Region (Hindi: पटना महानगरीय क्षेत्र) is an official definition of the metropolitan area surrounding the Bihar capital city Patna in India.
Patna Monorail is a proposed monorail system for the city of Patna.
The Patna Municipal Corporation or Patna Nagar Nigam, abbreviated PMC, is the civic body that governs Patna, the capital of Bihar in India.
Patna Museum is the state museum of the Indian state of Bihar.
Patna Pirates (PTP) is a kabaddi team based in Patna, Bihar that plays in the Pro Kabaddi League.
Indira Gandhi Planetarium (इंदिरा गाँधी तारामंडल) is located in Patna's Indira Gandhi Science Complex.
Patna Police (Hindi: पटना पुलिस) is the police service responsible for law enforcement within Patna district, including the capital city of Patna in an Indian state of Bihar.
Patna Regional Development Authority (पटना क्षेत्रीय विकास प्राधिकरण), abbreviated as PRDA, is a body of the Government of Bihar that is responsible for the infrastructure development of the Patna Metropolitan Region (PMR).
Patna rice, a variety of the species Oryza sativa, and one of the varieties of long-grain white rice, is extensively cultivated in the Indo-Gangetic plains, in and around Patna, capital of Bihar state, India.
Patna Sahib (Lok Sabha constituency) (पटना साहिब लोकसभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 543 parliamentary constituencies in India.
Patna Sahib assembly constituency comprises Patna City area.
Patna Sahib Mahotsav (festival), is an annual two-day cultural event at Patna, India.
Patna School of Painting or Patna Qalaam or company painting is a style of Indian Painting, which existed in Bihar, India in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Patna Secretariat, also known as Patna Sachiwalaya or Old Secretariat, is the administrative headquarters of the state Government of Bihar in India.
Patna University, the first university in Bihar, was established on 1 October 1917 during the British Raj, and is the seventh oldest university of the Indian subcontinent.
Pauline Dixon is a Professor of International Development and Education at Newcastle University in North East England.
Pawapuri or Pawa is a holy site for Jains located in the Nalanda district in the Bihar state of Eastern India.
(पाणिनि, Frits Staal (1965),, Philosophy East and West, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Apr., 1965), pp. 99-116) is an ancient Sanskrit philologist, grammarian, and a revered scholar in Hinduism.
Peter Mundy (fl. 1600 – 1667) was a seventeenth-century British merchant trader, traveller and writer.
Phulwari Vidhan Sabha constituency(फुलवारी विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of 243 legislative assembly of legislative assembly of Bihar.
Phulwari Sharif is a notified area in Patna in the Indian state of Bihar.
A Postal Index Number or PIN or PIN code is a code in the post office numbering or post code system used by India Post, the Indian postal administration.
Prabhat Khabar is a Hindi language newspaper published daily in Jharkhand, Bihar and West Bengal.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
The Premchand Rangshala is a theater located in Patna, Bihar, India.
Press Trust of India (PTI) is the largest news agency in India.
The Pro Kabaddi League currently known as Vivo Pro Kabaddi League for sponsorship purpose is a professional-level Kabaddi league in India.
A state-owned enterprise in India is called a public sector undertaking (PSU) or a public sector enterprise.
Punpun is a satellite town in Patna Metropolitan Region in Patna district in the Indian state of Bihar.
The Punpun River is a tributary of the Ganges.
The Quit India Movement or the India August Movement, was a movement launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end to British Rule of India.
The Rabindra Parishad is a multi-purpose cultural centre on Beer Chand Patel Path in Patna, India.
Radio City is India's first private FM radio station and was started on 3 July 2001.
Radio Mirchi is a nationwide network of private FM radio stations in India.
Raj Bhavan or Raj Bhawan (translation: Government House) is the official residence of the Governor of Bihar.
Rajendra Nagar (Hindi: राजेन्द्र नगर) (often spelled Rajender Nagar) is a neighbourhood in Patna, Bihar, India.
Rajendra Prasad (3 December 1884 – 28 February 1963) was the first President of India, in office from 1950 to 1962.
Rajgir (originally known as Girivraj) is a city and a notified area in Nalanda district in the Indian state of Bihar.
Rajgir Mahotsav (festival), formerly Rajgir Nritaya (Dance) Mahotsav is a festival of dance and music.
Raksha Bandhan, also Rakshabandhan, Quote: m Hindi rakśābandhan held on the full moon of the month of Savan, when sisters tie a talisman (rakhi q.v.) on the arm of their brothers and receive small gifts of money from them.
Ram Kripal Yadav (born 12 October 1957) is a member of the 16th Lok Sabha of India from the Pataliputra parliamentary constituency.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
Ratha Yatra, also referred to as Rathayatra, Rathjatra or Chariot festival is any public procession in a chariot.
Red FM is an Indian FM radio brand, with stations broadcasts in the cities Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Saugor, Nashik, Aurangabad, Nagpur, Pune, Bengaluru, Mysuru, Mangaluru, Gulbarga, Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Kozhikode, Kannur, Thrissur, Kanpur, Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam, Warangal, Rajahmundry, Tirupathi, Rajkot, Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat, Lucknow, Aizawl.
Reliance Communications Ltd. (stylised as RCom) is a telecommunications company headquartered in Navi Mumbai, India.
Reliance Digital TV is an Indian direct to home (DTH) television operator.
Robert Montgomery Martin (c. 1801 – 6 September 1868), commonly referred to as "Montgomery Martin", was an Anglo-Irish author and civil servant.
Sahajanand Saraswati (1889–1950), born in Ghazipur district, North-Western Provinces in British India, was an ascetic, a nationalist and a peasant leader of India.
Sahara India Pariwar is an Indian conglomerate headquartered in Lucknow, India with business interests in multiple sectors including finance, infrastructure & housing, media & entertainment, health care, education, hospitality and information technology.
Saidpura or Saidpur is a census town in the Indian state of Bihar.
A samosa, sambusa, or samboksa is a fried or baked dish with a savoury filling, such as spiced potatoes, onions, peas, or lentils.
A sari, saree, or shariThe name of the garment in various regional languages include:শাড়ি, साड़ी, ଶାଢୀ, ಸೀರೆ,, साडी, कापड, चीरे,, സാരി, साडी, सारी, ਸਾਰੀ, புடவை, చీర, ساڑى is a female garment from the Indian subcontinent that consists of a drape varying from five to nine yards (4.5 metres to 8 metres) in length and two to four feet (60 cm to 1.20 m) in breadth that is typically wrapped around the waist, with one end draped over the shoulder, baring the midriff.
Sesame (Sesamum indicum) is a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum, also called benne.
Shalwar kameez, also spelled salwar kameez or shalwar qameez, is a traditional outfit originating in the Indian subcontinent.
Shatrughan Sinha (born Shatrughan Prasad Sinha on 9 December 1945) is an Indian film actor turned politician.
Shēr Shāh Sūrī (1486–22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi. An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1538. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. He first served as a private before rising to become a commander in the Mughal army under Babur and then the governor of Bihar. In 1537, when Babur's son Humayun was elsewhere on an expedition, Sher Shah overran the state of Bengal and established the Suri dynasty. A brilliant strategist, Sher Shah proved himself as a gifted administrator as well as a capable general. His reorganization of the empire laid the foundations for the later Mughal emperors, notably Akbar, son of Humayun. During his seven-year rule from 1538 to 1545, he set up a new civic and military administration, issued the first Rupiya from "Taka" and re-organised the postal system of India. He further developed Humayun's Dina-panah city and named it Shergarh and revived the historical city of Pataliputra, which had been in decline since the 7th century CE, as Patna. He extended the Grand Trunk Road from Chittagong in the frontiers of the province of Bengal in northeast India to Kabul in Afghanistan in the far northwest of the country.
The Shunga Empire (IAST) was an ancient Indian dynasty from Magadha that controlled areas of the central and eastern Indian subcontinent from around 187 to 78 BCE.
Shyam Rajak is an Indian Leader from Janata Dal (United).
A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.
The Sikh gurus established Sikhism over the centuries, beginning in the year 1469.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.
Sinha Library is a public library in Patna, India.
Smart Cities Mission, sometimes referred to as Smart City Mission, is an urban renewal and retrofitting program by the Government of India with the mission to develop 100 cities across the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable.
Son River (also spelt Sone); of central India is the second largest of the Ganges' southern tributaries after Yamuna River.
Sonpur Cattle Fair (सोनपुर पशु मेला) is held on Kartik Poornima (the full moon day) in the month of November in Sonpur, Bihar, on the confluence of river Ganges and Gandak.
Sonpur (सोनपुर) is a Sub-division in the Indian state of Bihar, situated on the banks of the River Gandak (River Narayani) and Ganges River in the Saran district.
South Bihar Power Distribution Company Limited (SBPDCL) is a public sector undertaking (PSU) controlled by the Government of Bihar.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.
The statue of Mahatma Gandhi in Gandhi Maidan, Patna, is a public monument of India's father of Nation Mahatma Gandhi.
Subedar (صوبیدار) is a historical rank in the Indian Army and Pakistan Army, ranking below British commissioned officers and above non-commissioned officers.
Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
Sun Direct is an Indian direct broadcast satellite service provider.
In India, a District Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) or Superintendent of Police (SP) heads the police force of a district.
Takht Sri Patna Sahib also known as Harmandir Sahib, is a Gurdwara in the neighbourhood of Patna Sahib, India.
Tata Docomo Ltd is an Indian mobile network operator, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Teleservices, founded on November 2008.
Tata Sky is a direct broadcast satellite television provider in India, using MPEG-4 digital compression technology, transmitting using INSAT-4A and GSAT-10 satellite.
Tata Teleservices Limited (TTSL) is an Indian broadband and telecommunications service provider based in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Tekari Raj (sometimes spelled Tikari Raj) was a zamindar family of the BhumiharBrahman community in South Bihar.
Telenor (India) Communications Private Limited, formerly known as Uninor, is a defunct Indian mobile network operator.
A telephone numbering plan is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunication to assign telephone numbers to subscriber telephones or other telephony endpoints.
Subscriber Trunk Dialling (STD) codes are assigned to each city/town/village, with the larger Metro cities having shorter area codes (STD codes), which are from 2 to 8 digits long.
The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.
The Economic Times is an English-language, Indian daily newspaper published by the Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd..
The Hindu is an Indian daily newspaper, headquartered at Chennai.
The Indian Express is an English-language Indian daily newspaper.
The Pioneer is an English language newspaper in India.
The Telegraph is an Indian English daily newspaper founded and continuously published in Kolkata since 7 July 1982.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
The Wonder That Was India: A Survey of the Culture of the Indian Sub-Continent Before the Coming of the Muslims, is a book on Indian history written by Arthur Llewellyn Basham and first published in 1954.
Tourism in Patna is refers to tourism in capital city of Bihar state in India.
A tourist attraction is a place of interest where tourists visit, typically for its inherent or exhibited natural or cultural value, historical significance, natural or built beauty, offering leisure and amusement.
A train is a form of transport consisting of a series of connected vehicles that generally runs along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers.
Trams in India were established in the late-19th century.
UN/LOCODE, the United Nations Code for Trade and Transport Locations, is a geographic coding scheme developed and maintained by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.
Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban residency, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
Vaishali or Vesali was a city in present-day Bihar, India, and is now an archaeological site.
Vaishali district is a district in Bihar, India.
Varanasi, also known as Benares, Banaras (Banāras), or Kashi (Kāśī), is a city on the banks of the Ganges in the Uttar Pradesh state of North India, south-east of the state capital, Lucknow, and east of Allahabad.
Vasant Panchami, also spelled Basant Panchami, is celebrated by people in various ways depending on the region, Vasant is a festival that marks the arrival of spring.
Vātsyāyana is the name of an ancient Indian philosopher, known for writing the Kama Sutra, the most famous book in the world on human sexuality.
Videocon d2h is an Indian pay TV company, providing direct broadcast satellite service—including satellite television, audio programming, and interactive television services to commercial and residential customers in India.
Videocon Telecommunications Limited, formerly Videocon Mobile Services, was an Indian cellular service provider that offered GSM mobile services in India under the brand name Videocon.
The Vidhan Sabha the Legislative Assembly is the lower house (in states with bicameral) or the sole house (in unicameral states) of the state legislature in the different states of India.
Virgin Mobile is a wireless communications brand used by eight independent brand-licensees worldwide.
The Vividh Bharati Service of All India Radio was conceptualized to combat Radio Ceylon in 1957.
Vodafone India is the Indian subsidiary of UK-based Vodafone Group plc, the world's second-largest mobile phone company, and is a provider of telecommunications services in India with its operational head office in Mumbai.
William Tayler (1808–1892) was a civil servant of the East India Company who lived in India from 1829 until 1867.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
The 2012 Kabaddi World Championship was the first Kabaddi World Cup held for women.
On 27 October 2013, a series of bomb blasts rocked the Indian city of Patna, Bihar at a massive election rally for BJP Prime Ministerial candidate Narendra Modi.
2014 Patna stampede was an accident that occurred on 3 October 2014 on the occasion of Dassehra festival at Gandhi Maidan in Patna, Bihar.
Acharya Shri Sudarshan Patna Central School, Air pollution in Patna, Army Public School, Danapur Cantt, Azeemabad, Bivha International School, Capital of Bihar, Christ Church Diocesan School, Gandhi Maidan, Patna, Christ Church Diocesan School, Patna, DAV BSEB, DAV Public School, BSEB Colony, Patna, DAV Public School, Khagaul, Geography of Patna, Gyan Niketan, Gyan niketan, Infant Jesus' School, Patna City, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Danapur Cantt, Kusumapura, Kusumpura, List of schools in patna, Litera Valley School, Litera Valley School, Patna, Mount Carmel High School, Patna, Mount Carmel School,Patna, New Patna, PATOLI, Pataliputa, Pataliputram, Pataliputta, Patiliputta, Patligama, Patligrama, Patliputra Central School, Patna Central School, Patna New City, Patna St. Michael's School, Patna, Bihar, Patna, India, Patoli, Prakritik School, Patna, Pushpapura, Puttana, Pâtaliputra, Pātaliputta, Sir Ganesh Dutt Patliputra High School, Sir Ganesh Dutt Patliputra High School. (Patna), St Joseph's High School, Patna, St Karen's School, St Michael's High School, St joseph's high school patna, St. Joseph's High School, Patna, St. Karen's High School, St. Karen's School, St. Michael's High School. (Patna), St. Michael's Patna, St. Michael's high School,Patna, Tutelage League Academy.