146 relations: Adam, Agriculture, Alexander the Great, Alison Jaggar, American Anthropologist, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Bar Foundation, American Psychological Association, Analytical psychology, Ancient Near East, Androcracy, Anthropology, Archaeology, Aristotle, Attachment theory, Audre Lorde, Autocracy, Bateman's principle, Bell hooks, Biblical patriarchy, Biological determinism, Book of Exodus, Capitalism, Capitalist Patriarchy and the Case for Socialist Feminism, Chauvinism, Chinese patriarchy, Christina Hoff Sommers, Classical Greece, Common Era, Compound (linguistics), Correspondence principle (sociology), Cultural universal, Culture change, David Buchbinder, Delusions of Gender, Denis Diderot, Division of labour, Domestication, Egalitarianism, Egypt, Eleanor Leacock, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopedia, Evolutionary pressure, Evolutionary psychology, Family as a model for the state, Family economics, Family Process, Fascinating Womanhood, ..., Father, Feminism, Fordham Law Review, Fordham University School of Law, Friedrich Engels, Gender feminism, Gender role, Genetics, Gerda Lerner, Greek language, Hebrews, Hegemonic masculinity, Heidi Hartmann, Herodotus, Heteropatriarchy, Homemaking, Honour thy father and thy mother, Hunter-gatherer, Ideology, In a Different Voice, Infant mortality, Institutionalisation, Iris Marion Young, Judeo-Christian, Karl Marx, Kurgan hypothesis, Kyriarchy, Limiting factor, Male expendability, Male privilege, Manslaughter, Marija Gimbutas, Martin Luther, Marxism, Marxist feminism, Masculinity, Matriarchy, Matrilineality, Matrilocal residence, Meno (general), Moral authority, Mosuo, Mythologies (book), Nature versus nurture, Oedipus, Old Europe (archaeology), Oppression, Pater familias, Patriarch, Patriarchate, Patrilineality, Patrilocal residence, Performativity, Pleistocene, Prehistory, Property, Protestantism, Psychological Bulletin, Psychological Inquiry, PsycINFO, Racism, Real estate, Regents of the University of California, Richard Lewontin, Robert Filmer, Robert M. Strozier, Roland Barthes, Sara Ruddick, Sarah Moore Grimké, Science (journal), Sex Roles (journal), Shared earning/shared parenting marriage, Shulamith Firestone, Social privilege, Social system, Socialist feminism, Sociobiology, Sociology of the family, Species, Springer Science+Business Media, Steven Goldberg, Sylvia Walby, Taylor & Francis, Testosterone, The Blank Slate, The Dialectic of Sex, The personal is political, The Woman's Bible, Trade, Tree of patriarchy, Tribunal, University of Plymouth, Western world, Who Stole Feminism?, Wiley-Blackwell, Women in Islam. Expand index (96 more) » « Shrink index
Adam (ʾĀdam; Adám) is the name used in the opening chapters of the Book of Genesis for the first man created by God, but it is also used in a collective sense as "mankind" and individually as "a human".
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
Alison Mary Jaggar (born September 23, 1942) is an American feminist philosopher born in England.
American Anthropologist is the flagship journal of the American Anthropological Association (AAA), published quarterly by Wiley.
The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is an American international non-profit organization with the stated goals of promoting cooperation among scientists, defending scientific freedom, encouraging scientific responsibility, and supporting scientific education and science outreach for the betterment of all humanity.
The American Bar Foundation (ABF) is an independent, nonprofit national research institute established in 1952 and located in Chicago.
The American Psychological Association (APA) is the largest scientific and professional organization of psychologists in the United States, with around 117,500 members including scientists, educators, clinicians, consultants, and students.
Analytical psychology (sometimes analytic psychology), also called Jungian psychology, is a school of psychotherapy which originated in the ideas of Carl Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist.
The ancient Near East was the home of early civilizations within a region roughly corresponding to the modern Middle East: Mesopotamia (modern Iraq, southeast Turkey, southwest Iran, northeastern Syria and Kuwait), ancient Egypt, ancient Iran (Elam, Media, Parthia and Persia), Anatolia/Asia Minor and Armenian Highlands (Turkey's Eastern Anatolia Region, Armenia, northwestern Iran, southern Georgia, and western Azerbaijan), the Levant (modern Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Israel, and Jordan), Cyprus and the Arabian Peninsula.
Androcracy is a form of government in which the government rulers are male.
Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Attachment theory is a psychological model that attempts to describe the dynamics of long-term and short-term interpersonal relationships between humans.
Audre Lorde (born Audrey Geraldine Lorde; February 18, 1934 – November 17, 1992) was an American writer, feminist, womanist, librarian, and civil rights activist.
An autocracy is a system of government in which supreme power (social and political) is concentrated in the hands of one person, whose decisions are subject to neither external legal restraints nor regularized mechanisms of popular control (except perhaps for the implicit threat of a coup d'état or mass insurrection).
Bateman's principle, in evolutionary biology, is that in most species, variability in reproductive success (or reproductive variance) is greater in males than in females.
Gloria Jean Watkins (born September 25, 1952), better known by her pen name bell hooks, is an American author, feminist, and social activist.
Biblical patriarchy, also known as Christian patriarchy, is a set of beliefs in evangelical Christianity concerning gender relations and their manifestations in institutions, including marriage, the family, and the home.
Biological determinism, also known as genetic determinism or genetic reductionism, is the belief that human behaviour is controlled by an individual's genes or some component of their physiology, generally at the expense of the role of the environment, whether in embryonic development or in learning.
The Book of Exodus or, simply, Exodus (from ἔξοδος, éxodos, meaning "going out"; וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמוֹת, we'elleh shəmōṯ, "These are the names", the beginning words of the text: "These are the names of the sons of Israel" וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמֹות בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל), is the second book of the Torah and the Hebrew Bible (the Old Testament) immediately following Genesis.
Capitalism is an economic system based upon private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.
Capitalist Patriarchy and the Case for Socialist Feminism is a 1978 anthology about socialist feminism edited by Zillah R. Eisenstein.
Chauvinism is a form of extreme patriotism and a belief in national superiority and glory.
Chinese patriarchy refers to the history and prevalence of male dominance in Chinese society and culture.
Christina Marie Hoff Sommers (born September 28, 1950) is an American author, philosopher specialising in ethics, and resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), a conservative think tank.
Classical Greece was a period of around 200 years (5th and 4th centuries BC) in Greek culture.
Common Era or Current Era (CE) is one of the notation systems for the world's most widely used calendar era – an alternative to the Dionysian AD and BC system.
In linguistics, a compound is a lexeme (less precisely, a word) that consists of more than one stem.
The correspondence principle or correspondence thesis is a sociological theory that posits a close relationship between social standing and the educational system.
A cultural universal (also called an anthropological universal or human universal), as discussed by Emile Durkheim, George Murdock, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Donald Brown and others, is an element, pattern, trait, or institution that is common to all human cultures worldwide.
Culture change is a term used in public policy making that emphasizes the influence of cultural capital on individual and community behavior.
David Buchbinder (born 1947) is professor of Masculinities Studies at Curtin University in Perth, Western Australia, and adjunct professor of English and Cultural Studies at the University of Western Australia.
Delusions of Gender: How Our Minds, Society, and Neurosexism Create Difference is a 2010 book by Cordelia Fine, written to debunk the idea that men and women are hardwired with different interests.
Denis Diderot (5 October 171331 July 1784) was a French philosopher, art critic, and writer, best known for serving as co-founder, chief editor, and contributor to the Encyclopédie along with Jean le Rond d'Alembert.
The division of labour is the separation of tasks in any system so that participants may specialize.
Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secure a more predictable supply of resources from that second group.
Egalitarianism – or equalitarianism – is a school of thought that prioritizes equality for all people.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Eleanor Burke Leacock (July 2, 1922 – April 2, 1987) was an anthropologist and social theorist who made major contributions to the study of egalitarian societies, the de/evolution of the status of women in society, Algonkian ethnohistory,Eleanor Burke Leacock.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton (November 12, 1815 – October 26, 1902) was an American suffragist, social activist, abolitionist, and leading figure of the early women's rights movement.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
An encyclopedia or encyclopaedia is a reference work or compendium providing summaries of information from either all branches of knowledge or from a particular field or discipline.
Any cause that reduces reproductive success in a portion of a population potentially exerts evolutionary pressure, selective pressure or selection pressure.
Evolutionary psychology is a theoretical approach in the social and natural sciences that examines psychological structure from a modern evolutionary perspective.
The family as a model for the organization of the state is a theory of political philosophy.
Family economics applies basic economic concepts such as production, division of labor, distribution, and decision making to the study of the family.
Family Process is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering research on family system issues, including policy and applied practice.
Fascinating Womanhood is a book written by Helen Andelin in 1963.
A father is the male parent of a child.
Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.
The Fordham Law Review is a student-run law journal associated with the Fordham University School of Law that covers a wide range of legal scholarship.
Fordham University School of Law (commonly known as Fordham Law or Fordham Law School) is a professional graduate school of Fordham University.
Friedrich Engels (. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.;, sometimes anglicised Frederick Engels; 28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895) was a German philosopher, social scientist, journalist and businessman.
Gender feminism is a subdivision of feminism based on the view that the gender differences are social constructs perpetrated by men in order to maintain dominance over women.
A gender role, also known as a sex role, is a social role encompassing a range of behaviors and attitudes that are generally considered acceptable, appropriate, or desirable for people based on their actual or perceived sex or sexuality.
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.
Gerda Hedwig Lerner (née Kronstein; April 30, 1920 – January 2, 2013) was an Austrian-born American historian and author.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Hebrews (Hebrew: עברים or עבריים, Tiberian ʿIḇrîm, ʿIḇriyyîm; Modern Hebrew ʿIvrim, ʿIvriyyim; ISO 259-3 ʕibrim, ʕibriyim) is a term appearing 34 times within 32 verses of the Hebrew Bible.
In gender studies, hegemonic masculinity is part of R.W. Connell's gender order theory, which recognizes multiple masculinities that vary across time, culture and the individual.
Heidi Hartmann is a feminist economist who is founder and president of the Washington-based Institute for Women's Policy Research (IWPR), a research organization created to conduct women-centered, public policy research.
Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος, Hêródotos) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (484– 425 BC), a contemporary of Thucydides, Socrates, and Euripides.
Heteropatriarchy (etymologically from heterosexuality and patriarchy) is a socio-political system where cisgendered males and heterosexuality have authority over cisgendered females and over other sexual orientations.
Homemaking is a mainly American term for the management of a home, otherwise known as housework, housekeeping, or household management.
"Honour thy father and thy mother" is one of the Ten Commandments in the Hebrew Bible.
A hunter-gatherer is a human living in a society in which most or all food is obtained by foraging (collecting wild plants and pursuing wild animals), in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.
An Ideology is a collection of normative beliefs and values that an individual or group holds for other than purely epistemic reasons.
In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women's Development is a book on gender studies by American professor Carol Gilligan, published in 1982, which Harvard University Press calls "the little book that started a revolution".
Infant mortality refers to deaths of young children, typically those less than one year of age.
Institutionalisation (or institutionalization) refers to the process of embedding some conception (for example a belief, norm, social role, particular value or mode of behavior) within an organization, social system, or society as a whole.
Iris Marion Young (2 January 1949 – 1 August 2006) was an American political theorist and feminist focused on the nature of justice and social difference.
Judeo-Christian is a term that groups Judaism and Christianity, either in reference to Christianity's derivation from Judaism, both religions common use of the Torah, or due to perceived parallels or commonalities shared values between those two religions, which has contained as part of Western culture.
Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
The Kurgan hypothesis (also known as the Kurgan theory or Kurgan model) or steppe theory is the most widely accepted proposal to identify the Proto-Indo-European homeland from which the Indo-European languages spread out throughout Europe and parts of Asia.
Kyriarchy, pronounced, is a social system or set of connecting social systems built around domination, oppression, and submission.
A limiting factor is a variable of a system that, if subject to a small change, causes a non-negligible change in an output or other measure of the system.
Male expendability is the idea that society can better cope with the loss of a typical man than with the loss of a typical woman.
Male privilege is a concept within sociology for examining social, economic, and political advantages or rights that are available to men solely on the basis of their sex.
Manslaughter is a common law legal term for homicide considered by law as less culpable than murder.
Marija Gimbutas (Marija Gimbutienė; January 23, 1921 – February 2, 1994) was a Lithuanian-American archaeologist and anthropologist known for her research into the Neolithic and Bronze Age cultures of "Old Europe" and for her Kurgan hypothesis, which located the Proto-Indo-European homeland in the Pontic Steppe.
Martin Luther, (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.
Marxist feminism is feminism focused on investigating and explaining the ways in which women are oppressed through systems of capitalism and private property.
Masculinity (manhood or manliness) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles associated with boys and men.
Matriarchy is a social system in which females (most notably in mammals) hold the primary power positions in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property at the specific exclusion of males - at least to a large degree.
Matrilineality is the tracing of descent through the female line.
In social anthropology, matrilocal residence or matrilocality (also uxorilocal residence or uxorilocality) is the societal system in which a married couple resides with or near the wife's parents.
Meno (Greek: Mένων, Menon; c. 423 – c. 400 BC), son of Alexidemus, was an ancient Thessalian political figure.
Moral authority is authority premised on principles, or fundamental truths, which are independent of written, or positive, laws.
The Mosuo (also spelled Moso or Musuo), often called the Na among themselves, are a small ethnic group living in Yunnan and Sichuan Provinces in China, close to the border with Tibet.
Mythologies is a 1957 book by Roland Barthes.
The nature versus nurture debate involves whether human behaviour is determined by the environment, either prenatal or during a person's life, or by a person's genes.
Oedipus (Οἰδίπους Oidípous meaning "swollen foot") was a mythical Greek king of Thebes.
Old Europe is a term coined by archaeologist Marija Gimbutas to describe what she perceived as a relatively homogeneous pre-Indo-European Neolithic culture in southeastern Europe located in the Danube River valley, also known as Danubian culture.
Oppression can refer to an authoritarian regime controlling its citizens via state control of politics, the monetary system, media, and the military; denying people any meaningful human or civil rights; and terrorizing the populace through harsh, unjust punishment, and a hidden network of obsequious informants reporting to a vicious secret police force.
The pater familias, also written as paterfamilias (plural patres familias), was the head of a Roman family.
The highest-ranking bishops in Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, the Catholic Church (above major archbishop and primate), and the Church of the East are termed patriarchs (and in certain cases also popes).
A patriarchate is the office or jurisdiction of an ecclesiastical patriarch.
Patrilineality, also known as the male line, the spear side or agnatic kinship, is a common kinship system in which an individual's family membership derives from and is recorded through his or her father's lineage.
In social anthropology, patrilocal residence or patrilocality, also known as virilocal residence or virilocality, are terms referring to the social system in which a married couple resides with or near the husband's parents.
Performativity is language which effects change in the world and functions as a form of social action.
The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.
Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems.
Property, in the abstract, is what belongs to or with something, whether as an attribute or as a component of said thing.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
The Psychological Bulletin is a monthly peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes evaluative and integrative research reviews and interpretations of issues in psychology, including both qualitative (narrative) and/or quantitative (meta-analytic) aspects.
The Psychological Inquiry (PI) is a quarterly psychology journal published by Taylor & Francis.
PsycINFO is a database of abstracts of literature in the field of psychology.
Racism is the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity.
Real estate is "property consisting of land and the buildings on it, along with its natural resources such as crops, minerals or water; immovable property of this nature; an interest vested in this (also) an item of real property, (more generally) buildings or housing in general.
The Regents of the University of California is the governing board of the University of California system.
Richard Charles "Dick" Lewontin (born March 29, 1929) is an American evolutionary biologist, mathematician, geneticist, and social commentator.
Sir Robert Filmer (c. 1588 – 26 May 1653) was an English political theorist who defended the divine right of kings.
Robert Manning Strozier (July 20, 1906 – April 20, 1960) was president of Florida State University between 1957 and 1960.
Roland Gérard Barthes (12 November 1915 – 26 March 1980) was a French literary theorist, philosopher, linguist, critic, and semiotician.
Sara Ruddick (born Sara Elizabeth Loop; February 17, 1935 – March 20, 2011) was an important feminist philosopher and the author of Maternal Thinking: Toward a Politics of Peace.
Sarah Moore Grimké (November 26, 1792 – December 23, 1873) was an American abolitionist, writer, and member of the women's suffrage movement.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.
Sex Roles is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Springer.
Shared earning/shared parenting marriage, also known as peer marriage, is a type of marriage where the partners at the outset agree to adhere to a model of shared responsibility for earning money, meeting the needs of children, doing household chores, and taking recreation time in near equal fashion across these four domains.
Shulamith "Shulie" Firestone (January 7, 1945 – August 28, 2012) was a Canadian-American radical feminist.
In sociology, privilege is a concept used for certain rights or advantages that are available only to a particular person or group of people.
In sociology, a social system is the patterned network of relationships constituting a coherent whole that exist between individuals, groups, and institutions.
Socialist feminism rose in the 1960s and 1970s as an offshoot of the feminist movement and New Left that focuses upon the interconnectivity of the patriarchy and capitalism.
Sociobiology is a field of biology that aims to examine and explain social behavior in terms of evolution.
Sociological studies of the family look at.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
Steven Goldberg (born 14 October 1941) is a native of New York City and chaired the Department of Sociology at the City College of New York (CCNY) from 1988 until his retirement in 2008.
Sylvia Theresa Walby, OBE, FAcSS (born 16 October 1953) is a British sociologist, currently Professor of Sociology at Lancaster University.
Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals.
Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone and an anabolic steroid.
The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature is a best-selling 2002 book by Steven Pinker, in which the author makes a case against tabula rasa models in the social sciences, arguing that human behavior is substantially shaped by evolutionary psychological adaptations.
The Dialectic of Sex: The Case for Feminist Revolution (1970) is a book by the radical feminist Shulamith Firestone.
The personal is political, also termed The private is political, is a political argument used as a rallying slogan of student movement and second-wave feminism from the late 1960s.
The Woman's Bible is a two-part non-fiction book, written by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and a committee of 26 women, published in 1895 and 1898 to challenge the traditional position of religious orthodoxy that woman should be subservient to man.
Trade involves the transfer of goods or services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money.
The Tree of Patriarchy is a metaphor used to describe the system of patriarchy.
A tribunal, generally, is any person or institution with authority to judge, adjudicate on, or determine claims or disputes—whether or not it is called a tribunal in its title.
The University of Plymouth is a public university based predominantly in Plymouth, England where the main campus is located, but the university has campuses and affiliated colleges across South West England.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
Who Stole Feminism? How Women Have Betrayed Women is a 1994 book about American feminism by Christina Hoff Sommers, a writer who was at that time a philosophy professor at Clark University.
Wiley-Blackwell is the international scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons.
The experiences of Muslim women (Muslimāt, singular مسلمة Muslima) vary widely between and within different societies.
Judicial patriarchy, Male supremacism, Male supremacist, Masculine domination, Patriarchal, Patriarchal authority, Patriarchal family, Patriarchal society, Patriarchal system, Patriarchal worldview, Patriarchdom, Patriarchial, Patriarchic, Patriarchical, Patriarchies, Patriarchship, Patriarchy (anthropology), Patriarchy (ideology), Patriarchy (sociology), Patriarchy in feminism, Patrimonalism, The Patriarchy, Universality of patriarchy.