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The A62 autoroute is a French motorway forming part of the Autoroute de Deux Mers.
The A64 autoroute is a motorway in south western France.
The A65 autoroute is a motorway in south west France.
The Aïgue Longue (or Aygue Longue), is a left tributary of the Luy de Béarn, at Mazerolles, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, in the Southwest of France.
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
The Académie française is the pre-eminent French council for matters pertaining to the French language.
The Adour (Aturri, Ador) is a river in southwestern France.
Aeronautics (from the ancient Greek words ὰήρ āēr, which means "air", and ναυτική nautikē which means "navigation", i.e. "navigation into the air") is the science or art involved with the study, design, and manufacturing of air flight capable machines, and the techniques of operating aircraft and rockets within the atmosphere.
Aerospace Valley is a French cluster of aerospace engineering companies and research centres.
An agglomeration community (communauté d'agglomération) is a government structure in France, created by the Chevènement Law of 1999.
Air Liquide S.A. (literally "liquid air"), is a French multinational company which supplies industrial gases and services to various industries including medical, chemical and electronic manufacturers.
Airbus SE is a European corporation, registered in the Netherlands and trading shares in France, Germany and Spain.
The Airbus A300 is a wide-body twin-engine jet airliner that was developed and manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A320 family consists of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A330 is a medium- to long-range wide-body twin-engine jet airliner made by Airbus.
The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner manufactured by multi-national manufacturer Airbus.
Airbus Helicopters SAS (formerly Eurocopter Group) is the helicopter manufacturing division of Airbus.
An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine, propeller or rocket engine.
Alain Lamassoure (born 10 February 1944 in Pau) is a French politician and Member of the European Parliament for the south-west of France.
Alexandra Lacrabère (born 27 April 1987) is a French handball player for ŽRK Vardar and the France national team.
Alexandre Saint-Yves, Marquess of Alveydre (26 March 1842 – 5 February 1909) was a French occultist who adapted the works of Fabre d'Olivet (1767–1825) and, in turn, had his ideas adapted by Gérard Encausse alias Papus.
The Alfa Romeo P3, P3 monoposto or Tipo B was a classic Grand Prix car designed by Vittorio Jano, one of the Alfa Romeo 8C models.
The Algiers putsch (Putsch d'Alger or Coup d'État d'Alger), also known as the Generals' putsch (Putsch des généraux), was a failed coup d'état to press French President Charles de Gaulle to not abandon French Algeria, along with French people and pro-French Arabs living there.
Alphonse Marie Louis de Prat de Lamartine, Knight of Pratz (21 October 179028 February 1869), was a French writer, poet and politician who was instrumental in the foundation of the Second Republic and the continuation of the Tricolore as the flag of France.
Alpine skiing, or downhill skiing, is the pastime of sliding down snow-covered slopes on skis with fixed-heel bindings, unlike other types of skiing (cross-country, Telemark, or ski jumping) which use skis with free-heel bindings.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, known informally as Schiphol (Luchthaven Schiphol), is the main international airport of the Netherlands.
André Courrèges (9 March 1923 – 7 January 2016) was a French fashion designer.
André Lhote (5 July 1885 – 24 January 1962) was a French Cubist painter of figure subjects, portraits, landscapes and still life.
André-Pierre Christian Gignac (born 5 December 1985) is a French professional footballer who plays for Liga MX club Tigres UANL.
Angel wings are a traditional sweet crisp pastry made out of dough that has been shaped into thin twisted ribbons, deep-fried and sprinkled with powdered sugar.
Anglet (Angelu) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
The Apollo program, also known as Project Apollo, was the third United States human spaceflight program carried out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which accomplished landing the first humans on the Moon from 1969 to 1972.
The appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC;; "protected designation of origin") is the French certification granted to certain French geographical indications for wines, cheeses, butters, and other agricultural products, all under the auspices of the government bureau Institut national des appellations d'origine, now called Institut national de l'origine et de la qualité (INAO).
Aragon (or, Spanish and Aragón, Aragó or) is an autonomous community in Spain, coextensive with the medieval Kingdom of Aragon.
The Arecaceae are a botanical family of perennial trees, climbers, shrubs, and acaules commonly known as palm trees (owing to historical usage, the family is alternatively called Palmae).
Aressy (Arèci in Occitan) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.
In heraldry, argent is the tincture of silver, and belongs to the class of light tinctures called "metals." It is very frequently depicted as white and usually considered interchangeable with it.
Arkema is a specialty chemicals and advanced materials company headquartered in Colombes, near Paris, France.
Armand Guillaumin (February 16, 1841 – June 26, 1927) was a French impressionist painter and lithographer.
An art film is typically a serious, independent film, aimed at a niche market rather than a mass market audience.
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister.
An artificial whitewater course (AWWC) is a site for whitewater canoeing, whitewater kayaking, whitewater racing, whitewater rafting, playboating and slalom canoeing with artificially generated rapids.
Artigueloutan is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.
Artiguelouve is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.
The Aspe Valley is a valley in the French part of the Pyrenees, department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
Groupe Auchan SA is a French international retail group and multinational corporation headquartered in Croix, France.
Aurélien Bayard Chedjou Fongang (born 20 June 1985) is a Cameroonian professional footballer who plays as a centre back for Turkish club İstanbul Başakşehir and the Cameroon national team.
The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles, some of them are called automakers.
Aydie is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.
In heraldry, azure is the tincture with the colour blue, and belongs to the class of tinctures called "colours".
L'École des Mines d'Alès (EMA) was created in 1843 by King Louis Philippe, under the guardianship of the French Ministry of Economy, Finance and Employment, is a French technology and engineering university.
The École nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tarbes - ENIT (English: National school of engineers of Tarbes) is a French school of engineering leading to the French “Diplôme d'Ingénieur” under the authority of the French Ministry of Education and Research and part of the National Polytechnic Institute of Toulouse (INPT).
The École Supérieure de Commerce de Pau (or ESC Pau) is a French business school created in 1970.
Édouard Cissé (born 30 March 1978) is a French former football player of Senegalese descent whose last club was AJ Auxerre.
Élan Béarnais Pau-Lacq-Orthez, also known as simply Élan Béarnais, and outside of France as Pau-Lacq-Orthez or Pau-Orthez, is a French professional basketball club that is based in Pau.
Électricité de France S.A. (EDF; Electricity of France) is a French electric utility company, largely owned by the French state.
Émile Boeswillwald (2 February 1815 - 20 March 1896) was a French architect.
Éric Piolle (born 6 January 1973) is a French engineer and politician.
Étienne Bacrot (born 22 January 1983 in Lille) is a French chess grandmaster and former chess prodigy.
The Étoiles de Pau or Stars of Pau Three Day Event is an eventing competition held in Pau, France.
Bacon is a type of salt-cured pork.
A bailiff (bailli) was the king’s administrative representative during the ancien régime in northern France, where the bailiff was responsible for the application of justice and control of the administration and local finances in his bailiwick (baillage).
The Balaitús (Spanish) or Pic du Balaïtous (French) (Pico Os Moros; Vathleitosa) is a granitic massif of the Pyrenees, located right on the border between Spain and France.
The Banda people are an ethnic group of the Central African Republic.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
The Basque Country (Euskal Herria; Pays basque; Vasconia, País Vasco) is the name given to the home of the Basque people.
Basque pelota (pilota in the original Basque language also pelota vasca in Spanish, pelote basque in French) is the name for a variety of court sports played with a ball using one's hand, a racket, a wooden bat or a basket, against a wall (frontis or Fronton) or, more traditionally, with two teams face to face separated by a line on the ground or a net.
A trinquete (also trinquet) is a special court for various indoor versions of pelota and it is a modalite of the pelota sport.
Bayonne (Gascon: Baiona; Baiona; Bayona) is a city and commune and one of the two sub-prefectures of the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.
Béarn (Gascon: Bearn or Biarn; Bearno or Biarno) is one of the traditional provinces of France, located in the Pyrenees mountains and in the plain at their feet, in southwest France.
Béarnese is a dialect of Gascon spoken in Béarn (in the French department of the Pyrénées Atlantiques, in southwestern France).
The Belle Époque or La Belle Époque (French for "Beautiful Era") was a period of Western history.
Berthe Marie Pauline Morisot (January 14, 1841 – March 2, 1895) was a painter and a member of the circle of painters in Paris who became known as the Impressionists.
Bertrand Cantat (born 5 March 1964) is a French musician and former frontman of rock band Noir Désir.
Bertrand d'Astorg (born 7 November 1913 – 21 October 1988 was a 20th-century French poet and writer.
Biarritz (Biarritz or Miarritze; Gascon Biàrritz) is a city on the Bay of Biscay, on the Atlantic coast in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the French Basque Country in Southwestern France.
Biarritz Pays Basque Airport, also known as Biarritz Airport or Biarritz-Parme Airport, is an airport serving Biarritz, France.
The (BnF, English: National Library of France) is the national library of France, located in Paris.
Bilbao (Bilbo) is a city in northern Spain, the largest city in the province of Biscay and in the Basque Country as a whole.
Billère is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France.
Bizanos (Visanòs) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France.
The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.
Boiron is a manufacturer of homeopathic products, headquartered in France and with an operating presence in 59 countries worldwide.
Bordères is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France.
Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
Bordeaux–Mérignac Airport (Aéroport de Bordeaux-Mérignac) is the international airport of Bordeaux, in south-western France.
Boris Babacar Diaw-Riffiod, better known as Boris Diaw (born April 16, 1982), is a French professional basketball player for Levallois Metropolitans of the LNB Pro A. Diaw, who began his professional career in Pro A, returned to that league after 14 seasons in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
The Boulevard des Pyrénées is a boulevard in the town of Pau in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département of south-west France.
Boulevard Haussmann, long from the 8th to the 9th arrondissement, is one of the wide tree-lined boulevards created in Paris by Napoleon III, under the direction of his Prefect of the Seine, Baron Haussmann.
Brassica oleracea is a plant species that includes many common foods as cultivars, including cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, Brussels sprouts, collard greens, savoy, kohlrabi, and gai lan.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Automobiles Ettore Bugatti was a French car manufacturer of high-performance automobiles, founded in 1909 in the then German city of Molsheim, Alsace by Italian-born Ettore Bugatti.
Buros is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France.
Cabbage or headed cabbage (comprising several cultivars of Brassica oleracea) is a leafy green, red (purple), or white (pale green) biennial plant grown as an annual vegetable crop for its dense-leaved heads.
The Cagots were a persecuted and despised minority found in the west of France and northern Spain: the Navarrese Pyrenees, Basque provinces, Béarn, Aragón, Gascony and Brittany.
A Calandreta is a bilingual school in Occitania in the South of France where the Occitan language is taught alongside the French language.
Canal+ (Canal Plus,, meaning 'Channel Plus'; sometimes abbreviated C+) is a French premium cable television channel launched in 1984.
Candy, also called sweets or lollies, is a confection that features sugar as a principal ingredient.
Canoeing is an activity which involves paddling a canoe with a single-bladed paddle.
Canting arms are heraldic bearings that represent the bearer's name (or, less often, some attribute or function) in a visual pun or rebus.
The canton of Pau-1 is an administrative division of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department, southwestern France.
The canton of Pau-2 is an administrative division of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department, southwestern France.
The canton of Pau-3 is an administrative division of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department, southwestern France.
The canton of Pau-4 is an administrative division of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department, southwestern France.
Canyoning (canyoneering in the U.S. / kloofing in South-Africa / torrentismo in Italian, barranquismo in Spanish) is travelling in canyons using a variety of techniques that may include other outdoor activities such as walking, scrambling, climbing, jumping, abseiling (rappelling), and swimming.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
A carillon is a musical instrument that is typically housed in the bell tower (belfry) of a church or municipal building.
A casino is a facility which houses and accommodates certain types of gambling activities.
A castle (from castellum) is a type of fortified structure built during the Middle Ages by predominantly the nobility or royalty and by military orders.
Catherine de Bourbon (7 February 1559 – 13 February 1604) was the daughter of Queen Joan III and King Anthony of Navarre.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Cédric Gracia (born 23 March 1978 in Pau, France) is a French mountain biker, who now lives in Andorra with his team manager’s wife.
The French National Center for Scientific Research (Centre national de la recherche scientifique, CNRS) is the largest governmental research organisation in France and the largest fundamental science agency in Europe.
Centre-right politics or center-right politics (American English), also referred to as moderate-right politics, are politics that lean to the right of the left–right political spectrum, but are closer to the centre than other right-wing variants.
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.
Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (Aéroport de Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle), also known as Roissy Airport (name of the local district), is the largest international airport in France and the second largest in Europe.
Charles IX (27 June 1550 – 30 May 1574) was a French monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1560 until his death from tuberculosis.
Charles Eugène Jules Marie Nungesser (15 March 1892 – presumably on or after 8 May 1927) was a French ace pilot and adventurer, best remembered as a rival of Charles Lindbergh.
Charles XIV and III John or Carl John, (Swedish and Norwegian: Karl Johan; 26 January 1763 – 8 March 1844) was King of Sweden (as Charles XIV John) and King of Norway (as Charles III John) from 1818 until his death, and served as de facto regent and head of state from 1810 to 1818.
Charles Denis Sauter Bourbaki (22 April 1816, Pau – 22 September 1897, Bayonne) was a French general.
The Château de Pau (Pau Castle) is a castle in the centre of the city of Pau, the capital of Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Béarn.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
In heraldic blazon, a chief is a charge on a coat of arms that takes the form of a band running horizontally across the top edge of the shield.
The Circuit des 24 Heures du Mans, also known as Circuit de la Sarthe (after the 1906 French Grand Prix triangle circuit) located in Le Mans, Maine, France, is a semi-permanent race course chiefly known as the venue for the 24 Hours of Le Mans auto race.
Circuit de Monaco is a street circuit laid out on the city streets of Monte Carlo and La Condamine around the harbour of the principality of Monaco.
The Cirque de Gavarnie is a cirque in the central Pyrenees, in Southwestern France, close to the border of Spain.
The classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles (CPGE) (English: Higher School Preparatory Classes), commonly called classes prépas or prépas, are part of the French post-secondary education system.
The Col du Pourtalet, El Portalet or Portalet d'Aneu is a mountain pass and border crossing in the Pyrenees, between France and Spain.
Col du Tourmalet (elevation) is the highest paved mountain pass in the French Pyrenees, located in the department of Hautes-Pyrénées.
The common wood pigeon (Columba palumbus) is a large species in the dove and pigeon family.
The communauté d'agglomération Pau Béarn Pyrénées is a communauté d'agglomération in the ''département'' of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine ''région'' of France.
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic.
The following is a list of the 546 communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department of France.
Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.
Comte de Lautréamont was the nom de plume of Isidore Lucien Ducasse (4 April 1846 – 24 November 1870), a French poet born in Uruguay.
The Concours Complet International (CCI) and the Concours International Combiné (CIC) are ratings for the equestrian sport of eventing, given by the international governing body for the sport, the FEI.
The Concours des villes et villages fleuris ("towns and villages in bloom competition") is a contest organized annually in France which aims to encourage communes to adopt and implement policies that improve the quality of life of their inhabitants and enhance their attractiveness to visitors through the provision and maintenance of green spaces and the enhancement of their natural environments.
The Conférence des Grandes Écoles (CGE), French for "Conference of Grandes Écoles", is a French national institution, created in 1973, that represents all the engineering institutions accredited by the Commission des Titres d'Ingénieur (CTI) to deliver the French Diplôme d'Ingénieur and all the business schools which deliver a Master's degree.
Confit comes from the French word confire which means literally "to preserve," a confit being any type of food that is cooked slowly over a long period of time as a method of preservation.
The Conservatoire national des arts et métiers (CNAM; National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts) is a doctoral degree-granting higher education establishment (or grand établissement) and Grande école in engineering, operated by the French government, dedicated to providing education and conducting research for the promotion of science and industry.
Contemporary Latin is the form of the Latin language used from the end of the 19th century through the present.
Costume is the distinctive style of dress of an individual or group that reflects their class, gender, profession, ethnicity, nationality, activity or epoch.
In France, the cour d’appel (court of appeal) of the ordre judiciaire (judiciary) is a juridiction de droit commun du second degré, a (court of second-degree common law).
Crédit Agricole Group, sometimes called "la banque verte" (the green bank) due to its historical ties to farming, is a French network of cooperative and mutual banks comprising Crédit Agricole local banks, the 39 Crédit Agricole regional banks and a central institute Crédit Agricole S.A..
The Centre Scientifique et Technique Jean Féger, better known as CSTJF is the main technical and scientific research center of the French Oil group Total SA, situated in Pau, France.
Daloa is a city in western Ivory Coast.
Damien Traille (born 12 June 1979 in Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques) is a French rugby union footballer.
Daniel Balavoine (5 February 1952 – 14 January 1986), also known as Bala and "french chayanne", was a French singer and songwriter.
David Habib (born March 16, 1961) is a member of the National Assembly of France.
The Davis Cup is the premier international team event in men's tennis.
Dax (Dacs in Occitan) is a commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France, sub-prefecture of the Landes department.
Delahaye automobile was an automotive manufacturing company founded by Émile Delahaye in 1894, in Tours, France, his home town.
The Democratic Movement (Mouvement démocrate; MoDem) is a centrist political party in France that is characterised by a strong pro-European stance.
A demonym (δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.
In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.
A deputy is a legislator in many countries, particularly those with legislatures styled as a 'Chamber of Deputies' or 'National Assembly'.
Dinard (Gallo: Dinard) is a commune in the Ille-et-Vilaine department in Brittany in northwestern France.
Diospyros virginiana is a persimmon species commonly called the American persimmon, common persimmon, eastern persimmon, "simmon", "possumwood", "possum apples", or "sugar-plum".
Donal "Donald" O'Brien (born 15 September 1930) is a French-born Irish film and television actor.
Dornford Yates was the pseudonym of the English novelist, Cecil William Mercer (7 August 1885 – 5 March 1960), whose novels and short stories, some humorous (the Berry books), some thrillers (the Chandos books), were best-sellers in the 21-year interwar period between the First and Second world wars.
A dual mandate is the practice in which elected officials serve in more than one elected or other public position simultaneously.
Duck is the common name for a large number of species in the waterfowl family Anatidae, which also includes swans and geese.
In food terminology, duck or duckling (when meat comes from a juvenile duck) refers to duck meat, the meat of several species of bird in the family Anatidae, found in both fresh and salt water.
The Dukes of Cadaval have their origins in ''Dom'' Álvaro of Braganza, Lord of Tentúgal, Póvoa, Buarcos and Cadaval, 4th male son of Dom Ferdinand I, 2nd Duke of Braganza.
Earth rainfall climatology Is the study of rainfall, a sub-field of Meteorology.
Eaux-Bonnes ("good waters"; Aigas Bonas) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Eaux-Chaudes is a spa in the valley of the Gave d'Ossau in the French Pyrenees.
Edgar Degas (or; born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas,; 19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917) was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings.
Edwin Jackson (born September 18, 1989) is a French professional basketball player for Budućnost VOLI of the ABA League and the EuroLeague.
Eggs are laid by female animals of many different species, including birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, and fish, and have been eaten by humans for thousands of years.
(Serenade No. 13 for strings in G major), K. 525, is a 1787 composition for a chamber ensemble by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Doménikos Theotokópoulos (Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος; October 1541 7 April 1614), most widely known as El Greco ("The Greek"), was a painter, sculptor and architect of the Spanish Renaissance.
Eleanor of Navarre (Leonor and Leonor) (2 February 1426 – 12 February 1479), was the regent of Navarre from 1455 to 1479, then briefly the queen regnant of Navarre in 1479.
An elevator (US and Canada) or lift (UK, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, and South Africa, Nigeria) is a type of vertical transportation that moves people or goods between floors (levels, decks) of a building, vessel, or other structure.
Elf Aquitaine was a French oil company which merged with TotalFina to form TotalFinaElf.
Embraer S.A. is a Brazilian aerospace conglomerate that produces commercial, military, executive and agricultural aircraft and provides aeronautical services.
Abdelkader ibn Muhieddine (6 September 1808 – 26 May 1883; عبد القادر ابن محيي الدين), known as the Emir Abdelkader or Abdelkader El Djezairi, was an Algerian religious and military leader who led a struggle against the French colonial invasion in the mid-19th century.
Emmanuelle Sykora (born 21 February 1976 in Pau) is a French women's international footballer who plays as a defender.
Equestrianism (from Latin equester, equestr-, equus, horseman, horse), more often known as riding, horse riding (British English) or horseback riding (American English), refers to the skill of riding, driving, steeplechasing or vaulting with horses.
Erstein is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in the Alsace region in France.
Eugène François Marie Joseph Devéria (22 April 1805, Paris – 3 February 1865, Pau) was a French Romantic painter of history paintings.
The Eurocopter (now Airbus Helicopters) Tiger is a four-bladed, twin-engined attack helicopter which first entered service in 2003.
The European Drivers' Championship was an annual competition in auto racing that existed prior to the establishment of the Formula One world championship in 1950.
left The European route E 07 is a part of the international E-road network from Pau, France to Zaragoza, Spain.
European route E 80, also known as Trans-European Motorway or TEM, is an A-Class West-East European route, extending from Lisbon, Portugal to Gürbulak, Turkey, on the border with Iran.
The European Rugby Challenge Cup is an annual European rugby union competition organised by European Professional Club Rugby.
Eventing (also known as three day eventing or horse trials) is an equestrian event where a single horse and rider combination compete against other combinations across the three disciplines of dressage, cross-country, and show jumping.
Fabien Lefèvre (born 18 June 1982) is a French slalom canoeist who competed at the international level from 1998 to 2015.
Fabienne Carat (born 24 August 1979) is a French actress and singer.
Far-right politics are politics further on the right of the left-right spectrum than the standard political right, particularly in terms of more extreme nationalist, and nativist ideologies, as well as authoritarian tendencies.
Fauna is all of the animal life of any particular region or time.
Fayçal Karoui (born 1971), is a conductor of Tunisian descent.
The Fédération Française des clubs alpins et de montagne (FFCAM) is a federation of clubs promoting mountain sports.
A feria (fair in English) is an annual local festival in Spain and southern France, characterized by bullfights, bull running in the streets, bodegas (outdoor bars or cellars with festive music) and bandas.
Fernand Forgues (1884–1973) was a French rower and rugby union player.
In heraldry, a fess or fesse (from Middle English fesse, from Old French, from Latin fascia, "band") is a charge on a coat of arms that takes the form of a band running horizontally across the centre of the shield.
The FIBA Korać Cup was an annual basketball club competition held by FIBA between the 1971–72 and 2001–02 seasons.
Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous—native plant life.
A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).
A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat.
A föhn or foehn is a type of dry, warm, down-slope wind that occurs in the lee (downwind side) of a mountain range.
Fog is a visible aerosol consisting of minute water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the air at or near the Earth's surface.
The food industry is a complex, global collective of diverse businesses that supplies most of the food consumed by the world population.
A ford is a shallow place with good footing where a river or stream may be crossed by wading, or inside a vehicle getting its wheels wet.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
Formula 3000 was a type of open wheel, single seater formula racing, occupying the tier immediately below Formula One and above Formula Three.
Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) and owned by the Formula One Group.
Formula Three, also called Formula 3 or F3, is a class of open-wheel formula racing.
Formula Two, abbreviated to F2, is a type of open wheel formula racing first codified in 1948.
Fox hunting is an activity involving the tracking, chase and, if caught, the killing of a fox, traditionally a red fox, by trained foxhounds or other scent hounds, and a group of unarmed followers led by a "master of foxhounds" ("master of hounds"), who follow the hounds on foot or on horseback.
François Bayrou (born 25 May 1951) is a French centrist politician and the president of the Democratic Movement (MoDem), who was a candidate in the 2002, 2007 and 2012 French presidential elections.
France 3 Aquitaine is one of France 3's regional services broadcasting to people in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.It was founded in 1962 as FR3 Aquitaine.The service is headquartered in Bordeaux,the city of the region.The channel is available in French,Basque, and Occitan audio tracks.France 3 Aquitaine also produces content.
France Bleu Béarn is a regional public radio station part of the French France Bleu network, which is owned by the public state radio service Radio France.
The France national rugby league team represent France in international rugby league tournaments.
The France national rugby union team competes annually against England, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales in the Six Nations Championship.
Francis I (François Ier) (12 September 1494 – 31 March 1547) was the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 until his death.
Francis Mer (born 25 May 1939, in Pau) is a French businessman, industrialist and politician.
Francis Phoebus (Frantzisko Febus, François Fébus, Francisco Febo; 4 December 1467 – 7 January 1483) was king of Navarre (1479–1483), Viscount of Bearn, and Count of Foix (1472).
Francisco de Zurbarán (baptized November 7, 1598 – August 27, 1664) was a Spanish painter.
Frédéric Beigbeder (born 21 September 1965) is a French writer, literary critic and a TV presenter.
Frédéric Lopez (born 4 April 1967 in Pau) is a French television host.
The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
The French Army Light Aviation (Aviation Légère de l’Armée de Terre, ALAT, literally Land Army Light Aviation (the army is officially called the 'Land Army' because the air force is officially called the 'Air Army')) is the Army aviation service of the French Army.
The French Chess Championship is the annual, national chess tournament of France.
The French Fourth Republic was the republican government of France between 1946 and 1958, governed by the fourth republican constitution.
The French Grand Prix (Grand Prix de France), formerly known as the Grand Prix de l'ACF, is a auto race held as part of the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile's annual Formula One World Championship.
The French Institute of Petroleum (in French: Institut français du pétrole, IFP) is a public research organisation in France founded in 1944 as Institute of Oil, Fuels and Lubricants (Institut du pétrole, des carburants et des lubrifiants).
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
Since 1985, the French Ministry of Culture and Communication has pursued a policy of preserving and promoting France's heritage.
The French Wars of Religion refers to a prolonged period of war and popular unrest between Roman Catholics and Huguenots (Reformed/Calvinist Protestants) in the Kingdom of France between 1562 and 1598.
A fronton (frontón; frontoi or pilotaleku; fronton) is a two-walled or single-walled court used as a playing area for Basque pelota.
The Funiculaire de Pau, or Pau Funicular, is a funicular railway in the city of Pau in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département of southwestern France.
Gan is a commune located in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department, in the south-west of France.
Garbure is a thick French soup or stew of ham with cabbage and other vegetables, usually with cheese and stale bread added.
The Gare d'Austerlitz (Austerlitz Station), officially Paris-Austerlitz, is one of the six large terminus railway stations in Paris.
The gare d'Hendaye is a railway station in Hendaye, France, on the Bordeaux-Irun and Madrid-Hendaye lines.
Bordeaux-Saint-Jean or Bordeaux-Midi is the main railway station in the French city of Bordeaux.
The gare de Pau is a railway station in Pau, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France.
The gare de Tarbes is a railway station in Tarbes, Occitanie, France.
Toulouse-Matabiau is the main railway station in Toulouse, southern France.
The Gare Montparnasse (Montparnasse Station), officially Paris-Montparnasse, is one of the six large Paris railway termini, in the 14th and 15th arrondissements of Paris.
Gascon is a dialect of Occitan.
Gastón Carrillo de Peralta y Bosquete, 3rd Marquis of Falces (Spanish: Don Gastón Carrillo de Peralta, III marqués de Falces) (1510–1587) was a Spanish nobleman who was the third viceroy of the Viceroyalty of New Spain (colonial México) from October 16, 1566 to March 10, 1568.
Gaston Fébus (30 April 1331 – 1391) was the eleventh count of Foix (as Gaston III) and viscount of Béarn (as Gaston X) from 1343 until his death.
Gaston IV (27 November 1422 – 25 or 28 July 1472) was the sovereign Viscount of Béarn and the Count of Foix and Bigorre in France from 1436 to 1472.
Gaston VI (1173–1214), called the Good, was the French Viscount of Béarn, Gabardan, and Brulhois from 1173.
Gaston VII de Montcada (Guasto de Biarde) (1225 – 26 April 1290), called Froissard, was the twentieth Viscount of Béarn from 1229.
The Gave de Pau is a river of south-western France.
Göttingen (Low German: Chöttingen) is a university city in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Gelos is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Genève (preliminary also known as Gare de Genève-Cornavin) is Geneva's main railway station, located in the centre of the city.
Georges Guynemer (24 December 1894 – 11 September 1917 missing) was a top fighter ace for France with 54 victories during World War I, and a French national hero at the time of his death.
Georges Loustaunau-Lacau (17 April 1894 – 11 February 1955) was a French army officer, anti-communist conspirator, resistant, and politician.
Georges Armand Vérez was born in Lille on 1 August 1877 and died on 17 January 1932.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The Gers is a department in the Occitanie region in the southwest of France named after the Gers River.
Gervais Raoul Victor Lufbery (March 14, 1885 – May 19, 1918) was a French and American fighter pilot and flying ace in World War I. Because he served in both the French Air Force, and later the United States Army Air Service in World War I, he is sometimes listed alternately as a French ace or as an American ace.
A golf course is the grounds where the game of golf is played.
Gourette is a winter sports resort in the French Pyrenees.
The GR 65 is a long-distance walking route of the Grande Randonnée network that extends from the French Prealps, across south central France, through the Pyrenees.
Grand Prix motor racing has its roots in organised automobile racing that began in France as far back as 1894.
Grenoble is a city in southeastern France, at the foot of the French Alps where the river Drac joins the Isère.
A gristmill (also: grist mill, corn mill or flour mill) grinds cereal grain into flour and middlings.
In heraldry, gules is the tincture with the colour red, and belongs to the class of dark tinctures called "colours." In engraving, it is sometimes depicted as a region of vertical lines or else marked with gu. as an abbreviation.
Paul Gustave Louis Christophe Doré (6 January 1832 – 23 January 1883) was a French artist, printmaker, illustrator, comics artist, caricaturist and sculptor who worked primarily with wood engraving.
Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (born Bönickhausen;;; 15 December 183227 December 1923) was a French civil engineer.
Guy Louis Debord (28 December 1931 – 30 November 1994) was a French Marxist theorist, philosopher, filmmaker, member of the Letterist International, founder of a Letterist faction, and founding member of the Situationist International (SI).
Halliburton is an American multinational corporation.
Ham is pork from a leg cut that has been preserved by wet or dry curing, with or without smoking.
Handball (also known as team handball, fieldball, European handball or Olympic handball) is a team sport in which two teams of seven players each (six outfield players and a goalkeeper) pass a ball using their hands with the aim of throwing it into the goal of the other team.
A handicraft, sometimes more precisely expressed as artisanal handicraft or handmade, is any of a wide variety of types of work where useful and decorative objects are made completely by hand or by using only simple tools.
Hautes-Pyrénées (Gascon/Occitan: Nauts Pirenèus / Hauts Pirenèus; Altos Pirineos; Alts Pirineus) is a department in southwestern France.
Henri Emmanuelli (31 May 1945 – 21 March 2017) was a French politician.
Henry II (18 April 1503 – 25 May 1555), nicknamed Sangüesino because he was born at Sangüesa, was the King of Navarre from 1517, although his kingdom had been reduced to a small territory north of the Pyrenees by the Spanish conquest of 1512.
Henry IV (Henri IV, read as Henri-Quatre; 13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), also known by the epithet Good King Henry, was King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610.
Henry Patrick Marie, Count Russell-Killough (1834–1909) was one of the pioneers of Pyrenean exploration, known for his obsession with the Vignemale.
Hermann Lang (6 April 1909 – 19 October 1987) was a German racing driver who raced motorcycles, Grand Prix cars, and sports cars.
Honey is a sweet, viscous food substance produced by bees and some related insects.
The House of Bernadotte is the royal house of Sweden, which has reigned since 1818.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Idron is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Imanol Harinordoquy (born 20 February 1980) is a French-Basque rugby union player who typically plays as a number 8 for Stade Toulousain at club level in the Top 14 and for France internationally.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Information and communication technology (ICT) is another/extensional term for information technology (IT) which stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audio-visual systems, which enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information.
In management, information technology consulting (also called IT consulting, computer consultancy, business and technology services, computing consultancy, technology consulting, and IT advisory) as a field of activity focuses on advising organizations on how best to use information technology (IT) in achieving their business objectives.
The Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA, pronounced; English: National Institute of Agricultural Research) is a French public research institute dedicated to agricultural science.
The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques), abbreviated INSEE, is the national statistics bureau of France.
Intercités (before September 2009: Corail Intercités) is a brand name used by France’s national railway company, SNCF, to denote non high speed services on the 'classic' network in France.
The International Federation for Equestrian Sports (Fédération Équestre Internationale, FEI) is the international governing body of equestrian sports.
Irun is a railway station in Irun, Basque Country, Spain.
Isabelle Ithurburu (born 24 February 1983) is a French sports journalist and television presenter.
The ISO 9000 family of quality management systems standards is designed to help organizations ensure that they meet the needs of customers and other stakeholders while meeting statutory and regulatory requirements related to a product or service.
Itxassou (Basque Itsasu) is a village in the traditional Basque province of Labourd, now a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Ivory Coast, also known as Côte d'Ivoire and officially as the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a sovereign state located in West Africa.
Jacob (Jacques) Jordaens (19 May 1593 – 18 October 1678) was a Flemish painter, draughtsman and tapestry designer known for his history paintings, genre scenes and portraits.
Jai alai (Basque) is a sport involving a ball bounced off a walled space by accelerating it to high speeds with a hand-held device (cesta).
Jan Brueghel the Elder (also Breughel;; 1568 – 13 January 1625) was a Flemish painter and draughtsman.
Jérémy Chardy (born 12 February 1987) is a French professional tennis player.
Jérôme Garcès (born 24 October 1973, in Pau) is a French rugby union referee who regularly officiates high-profile club matches in tournaments such as Pro14, Top 14 and the Heineken Cup.
Jean Bouilhou born 7 December 1978 is a rugby union player for Toulouse in the Top 14 competition.
Jean, comte de Gassion (1609 Pau – 1647 Lens) was a Gascon military commander for France, prominent at the battle of Rocroi (1643) who reached the rank of Marshal of France at the age of thirty-four.
Jean Jules Verdenal (11 May 1890 – 2 May 1915) was a French medical officer who served, and was killed, during the First World War.
Jean-Baptiste Peyras-Loustalet (born 5 January 1984) is a French rugby union player.
Jean-Marc Nattier (17 March 1685 – 7 November 1766), French painter, was born in Paris, the second son of Marc Nattier (1642–1705), a portrait painter, and of Marie Courtois (1655–1703), a miniaturist.
Jean-Pierre Wimille (26 February 1908 – 28 January 1949) was a Grand Prix motor racing driver and a member of the French Resistance during World War II.
Jean-Pierre Yerma is a French Australian actor originally from Pau. A graduate of NIDA, his credits include Happy Feet, Housos, and Cop's Enemy.
Jeanne d'Albret (Basque: Joana Albretekoa; Occitan: Joana de Labrit; 16 November 1528 – 9 June 1572), also known as Jeanne III, was the queen regnant of Navarre from 1555 to 1572.
Johan Petro (born January 27, 1986) is a French professional basketball player of Guadeloupean descent, who last played for the Sioux Falls Skyforce of the NBA Development League.
Joseph Peyré (13 March 1892 in Aydie (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) – 26 December 1968 in Cannes) was a French writer.
Julien Billaut (born 1981) is a French slalom canoeist who competed at the international level from 1998 to 2009.
Julien Cardy (born 29 September 1981) is a French retired football who played as a midfielder for Toulouse, Metz, Tours, Arles-Avignon, and Guingamp.
Julien Escudé (born 17 August 1979) is a retired French footballer who played mainly as a central defender but also as a full back.
The July Monarchy (Monarchie de Juillet) was a liberal constitutional monarchy in France under Louis Philippe I, starting with the July Revolution of 1830 and ending with the Revolution of 1848.
Jurançon is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Jurançon is the name attributed to a red (Jurançon noir) and white (Jurançon blanc) French wine grape variety that is grown predominantly in Southwest France.
Jurançon is a wine region in South West France in the foothills of the Pyrenees, around the commune of Jurançon.
Jusepe de Ribera (baptized February 17, 1591; died September 2, 1652) was a Spanish Tenebrist painter and printmaker, also known as José de Ribera and Josep de Ribera.
Kathmandu (काठमाडौं, ये:. Yei, Nepali pronunciation) is the capital city of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.
A kayak is a small, narrow watercraft which is propelled by means of a double-bladed paddle.
Kayaking is the use of a kayak for moving across water.
is the capital city of Yamanashi Prefecture in Japan.
A keep (from the Middle English kype) is a type of fortified tower built within castles during the Middle Ages by European nobility.
The Kingdom of Castile (Reino de Castilla, Regnum Castellae) was a large and powerful state on the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages.
La Folle Journée is a French annual classical music festival held in Nantes.
La Roque-d'Anthéron (La Ròca d'Anteron in Occitan) is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in southern France.
Lacq is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
The Lacq gas field is a natural gas field located in Aquitaine.
The Landes (Gascon: Lanas) is a department in southwestern France.
Langon (Lengon) is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Lée or Lee is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Léopold Eyharts (born April 28, 1957) is a French Brigadier General in the French Air Force, an engineer and ESA astronaut.
Le Mans is a city in France, on the Sarthe River.
Le Zénith is the name given to a series of indoor arenas in France.
Lembeye is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Les Chants de Maldoror (The Songs of Maldoror) is a French poetic novel, or a long prose poem.
Lescar (Lescar) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department and Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.
The village of Lescun is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
The Beys of Tunis were the monarchs of Tunisia from 1705, when the Husainid dynasty acceded to the throne, until 1957, when monarchy was abolished.
The monarchs of the Kingdom of France and its predecessors (and successor monarchies) ruled from the establishment of the Kingdom of the Franks in 486 until the fall of the Second French Empire in 1870, with several interruptions.
Marshal of France (Maréchal de France, plural Maréchaux de France) is a French military distinction, rather than a military rank, that is awarded to generals for exceptional achievements.
This is a list of the kings and queens of Pamplona, later Navarre.
The list of Norwegian monarchs (kongerekken or kongerekka) begins in 872: the traditional dating of the Battle of Hafrsfjord, after which victorious King Harald Fairhair merged several petty kingdoms into that of his father.
This is a list of Swedish monarchs, that is, the Kings and ruling Queens of Sweden, including regents and viceroys of the Kalmar Union, up to the present time.
London City Airport is an international airport in London, United Kingdom.
Lons is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Jean Louis Barthou (25 August 1862 – 9 October 1934) was a French politician of the Third Republic who served as Prime Minister of France for eight months in 1913.
Louis Philippe I (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 as the leader of the Orléanist party.
Louis XIII (27 September 1601 – 14 May 1643) was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1610 to 1643 and King of Navarre (as Louis II) from 1610 to 1620, when the crown of Navarre was merged with the French crown.
Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.
Louisiana is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Lourdes (Lorda in Occitan) is a small market town lying in the foothills of the Pyrenees.
The Luy, is a left tributary of the Adour, in the Landes, in the Southwest of France.
The Luy de Béarn is a left tributary of the Luy, in the Southwest of France.
Lycée Louis-Barthou is a secondary school in Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France.
The Saint-Cricq High School, known in French as Lycée Saint-Cricq is a public High school in Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
Lyon–Saint Exupéry Airport (Aéroport de Lyon-Saint Exupéry), formerly known as Lyon Satolas Airport, is the international airport of Lyon, the third-biggest city in France and an important transport facility for the entire Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.
Madiran wine is produced around the village of Madiran in Gascony under two Appellations d'Origine Contrôlées (AOCs): Madiran for red wines and Pacherenc du Vic-Bilh and Pacherenc du Vic-Bilh Sec for white wines.
Magnolia grandiflora, commonly known as the southern magnolia or bull bay, is a tree of the family Magnoliaceae native to the southeastern United States, from coastal North Carolina to central Florida, and west to East Texas.
Mardi Gras, or Fat Tuesday, refers to events of the Carnival celebration, beginning on or after the Christian feasts of the Epiphany (Three Kings Day) and culminating on the day before Ash Wednesday (known as Shrove Tuesday).
Marguerite Marie Broquedis (17 April 1893 – 23 April 1983; married names Billout, Bordes) was a French female tennis player.
Marguerite de Navarre (Marguerite d'Angoulême, Marguerite d'Alençon; 11 April 149221 December 1549), also known as Marguerite of Angoulême and Margaret of Navarre, was the princess of France, Queen of Navarre, and Duchess of Alençon and Berry.
Marie Antoinette (born Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna; 2 November 1755 – 16 October 1793) was the last Queen of France before the French Revolution.
Marseille Provence Airport or Aéroport de Marseille Provence is an international airport located 27 km (17 miles) northwest of Marseille, on the territory of Marignane, both communes of the Bouches-du-Rhône département in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur région of France.
Marshal of the Empire (Maréchal d'Empire) was a civil dignity during the First French Empire.
Martine Lignières-Cassou (born February 22, 1952 in Algiers) is a member of the National Assembly of France.
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln (December 13, 1818 – July 16, 1882) was the wife of the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln, and as such the First Lady of the United States from 1861 to 1865.
Maserati is an Italian luxury vehicle manufacturer established on 1 December 1914, in Bologna.
Mathieu Ladagnous (born 12 December 1984) is a French road racing cyclist who rides for.
Maurice de Mirecki (22 September 1845 – 11 April 1900) was a French pianist, violinist and composer.
Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (born 21 October 1990) is a French chess grandmaster.
The May 1958 crisis (or Algiers putsch or the coup of 13 May) was a political crisis in France during the turmoil of the Algerian War of Independence (1954–62) which led to the return of Charles de Gaulle to political responsibilities after a twelve-year absence.
Mazères-Lezons is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Mercedes-Benz is a global automobile marque and a division of the German company Daimler AG.
Mickaël Marvin Soriano Piétrus (born February 7, 1982) is a French former professional basketball player.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
A miniskirt (sometimes hyphenated as mini-skirt or separated as mini skirt) is a skirt with a hemline well above the knees, generally at mid-thigh level, normally no longer than below the buttocks; and a dress with such a hemline is called a minidress or a miniskirt dress.
The Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation (Ministère de l’Enseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et de l'Innovation, MESRI) is a ministry (government department) of France overseeing university-level education and research.
A mint is an industrial facility which manufactures coins that can be used in currency.
Mobile is the county seat of Mobile County, Alabama, United States.
The Monarchy of Sweden concerns the monarchical head of state of Sweden,See the Instrument of Government, Chapter 1, Article 5.
Monein is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Mont-de-Marsan (Gascon: Lo Mont de Marçan) is a commune and capital of the Landes department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Montardon is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Montesquieu University (Université Montesquieu), also known as Bordeaux IV (Bordeaux Quatre), is a French university, based in Pessac, the suburbs of Bordeaux.
Morlaàs (Gascon Morlans) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Mountain biking is the sport of riding bicycles off-road, often over rough terrain, using specially designed mountain bikes.
Mountaineering is the sport of mountain climbing.
Mrs Patrick Campbell (9 February 1865 – 9 April 1940), born Beatrice Rose Stella Tanner and known informally as "Mrs Pat", was an English stage actress.
Muhammad VII al-Munsif commonly known as Moncef Bey (4 March 1881 in La Manouba – 1 September 1948 in Pau)El Mokhtar Bey, De la dynastie husseinite.
A musketeer (mousquetaire) was a type of soldier equipped with a musket.
Nantes (Gallo: Naunnt or Nantt) is a city in western France on the Loire River, from the Atlantic coast.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the President of France from 1848 to 1852 and as Napoleon III the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Nathalie Cardone (born 29 March 1967 in Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques) is a French actress and singer.
Navarre (Navarra, Nafarroa; Navarra), officially the Chartered Community of Navarre (Spanish: Comunidad Foral de Navarra; Basque: Nafarroako Foru Komunitatea), is an autonomous community and province in northern Spain, bordering the Basque Autonomous Community, La Rioja, and Aragon in Spain and Nouvelle-Aquitaine in France.
Navarrenx is a commune in the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (Béarn) and the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine.
The Viceroyalty of New Spain (Virreinato de la Nueva España) was an integral territorial entity of the Spanish Empire, established by Habsburg Spain during the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
Nicolas Cazalé (born 24 April 1977 in Pau, Gascony, France) is a French model and actor who is most noted for his role in the 2004 French film, Le Grand Voyage for which he won a Jury Award for Best Actor at the 2005 Newport International Film Festival.
Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (15 April 1894 – 11 September 1971) was a Soviet statesman who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964.
Nousty is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Nouvelle-Aquitaine ("New Aquitaine"; Nòva Aquitània; Akitania Berria; Poitevin-Saintongeais: Novéle-Aguiéne) is the largest administrative region in France, located in the southwest of the country.
NRJ (NRJ is an acronym read as énergie in French, pronounced) is a private French radio station created by Jean-Paul Baudecroux and Max Guazzini in June 1981 and belongs to the NRJ Group.
Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
Oloron-Sainte-Marie (in Béarnese, Auloron e Senta-Maria, also spelt Aulouroû Sente-Marie) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the region of Béarn in south-western France.
Olympique Lyonnais Féminin (commonly referred to as Olympique Lyon, Lyon, or simply OL) is a French women's football club based in Lyon.
An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.
In heraldry, or (French for "gold") is the tincture of gold and, together with argent (silver), belongs to the class of light tinctures called "metals", or light colours.
Paris Orly Airport (Aéroport de Paris-Orly), commonly referred to as Orly, is an international airport located partially in Orly and partially in Villeneuve-le-Roi, south of Paris, France.
Orthez (Gascon Ortès) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department and Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.
The Ossau Valley (French: Vallée d'Ossau; Gascon: Aussau / la vath d'Aussau) is a valley of the French Pyrénées, in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département.
Ossau-Iraty is a Franco-Basque cheese made from sheep milk.
Ousse is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
The Ousse, is a right tributary of the Gave de Pau, in Béarn (Pyrénées-Atlantiques), in the Southwest of France.
The Palais des Sports de Pau is an indoor sporting arena that is located in Pau, France.
A pale is a term used in heraldic blazon and vexillology to describe a charge on a coat of arms (or flag), that takes the form of a band running vertically down the centre of the shield.
Pamplona (Pampelune) or Iruña (alternative spelling: Iruñea) is the historical capital city of Navarre, in Spain, and of the former Kingdom of Navarre.
Parachuting, or skydiving, is a method of transiting from a high point to Earth with the aid of gravity, involving the control of speed during the descent with the use of a parachute/s.
Parkour is a training discipline using movement that developed from military obstacle course training.
The Parliament of Navarre and Béarn (French: "Parlement de Navarre et de Béarn", alias "Parlement de Navarre séant à Pau", alias "Parlement de Pau") was created in 1620 out of the merger of the Conseil Souverain of Béarn and the Chancery of Navarre, with its subordinated offices,Expilly (1763), p. 500 by Louis XIII of France, following the incorporation of Béarn and Lower Navarre into the crown lands of France.
Patrice Estanguet (born 19 April 1973 in Pau) is a French slalom canoeist who competed at the international level from 1990 to 2004.
Pau Football Club is a semi-professional French association football club based in Pau, in the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.
The Pau Grand Prix (Grand Prix de Pau) is a motor race held in Pau, in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department of southwestern France.
Pau Pyrénées Airport (Aéroport Pau Pyrénées) is an airport serving Pau, France.
The Pau–Canfranc railway is a partially closed long international single-track standard gauge railway line connecting Pau in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques region of France, climbing via the Gave d'Aspe valley and under the Pyrenees to Canfranc in Spain.
Paul-Jean Toulet (5 June 1867, Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques - 6 September 1920) was a French poet, novelist and feuilleton writer.
Pechiney SA was a major aluminium conglomerate based in France.
Pedagogy is the discipline that deals with the theory and practice of teaching and how these influence student learning.
In Hellenistic Greek and Roman architecture a peristyle (from Greek περίστυλος) is a continuous porch formed by a row of columns surrounding the perimeter of building or a courtyard.
Sir Peter Paul Rubens (28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish artist.
Petrochemicals (also known as petroleum distillates) are chemical products derived from petroleum.
Petrochemistry is a branch of chemistry that studies the transformation of crude oil (petroleum) and natural gas into useful products or raw materials.
Phaseolus vulgaris, also known as the common bean and green bean, among other names, is a herbaceous annual plant grown worldwide for its edible dry seeds or unripe fruit (both commonly called beans).
Philippe Étancelin (28 December 1896 – 13 October 1981) was a French Grand Prix motor racing driver who joined the new Formula One circuit at its inception.
Philippe Bernat-Salles (born 17 February 1970 in Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques) is a retired French Rugby Union player, usually playing as a wing.
Philippe Le Bas (18 June 1794 in Paris – 19 May 1860 in Paris) was a French hellenist, archaeologist and translator.
Philippe Rombi (born 3 April 1968) is a French film score composer.
Philippe-François-Joseph Le Bas (4 November 1762, Frévent, Pas-de-Calais – 28 July 1794, Paris) was a French revolutionary.
Pic d'Anie (Basque Auñamendi) is a mountain of the Pyrenees in France, located close to the Spanish border.
The Pic du Midi d'Ossau (2,884 m) is a mountain rising above the Ossau Valley in the French Pyrenees.
The Pic du Midi de Bigorre or simply the Pic du Midi (altitude) is a mountain in the French Pyrenees famous for its Pic du Midi Observatory.
Pierre Felix Bourdieu (1 August 1930 – 23 January 2002) was a French sociologist, anthropologist, philosopher, and public intellectual.
Pierre Clément de Laussat (23 November 1756 – 10 April 1835) was a French politician, and the 24th Governor of Louisiana, the last under French rule.
Pierre François Joseph Bosquet (8 November 18105 February 1861) was a French Army general.
Pierre Henri Cami (1884–1958) was a French humorist.
Pistoia is a city and comune in the Italian region of Tuscany, the capital of a province of the same name, located about west and north of Florence and is crossed by the Ombrone Pistoiese, a tributary of the River Arno.
A planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or stellar remnant that is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity, is not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion, and has cleared its neighbouring region of planetesimals.
Pontacq is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Porthos, Baron du Vallon de Bracieux de Pierrefonds is a fictional character in the novels The Three Musketeers, Twenty Years After and The Vicomte de Bragelonne by Alexandre Dumas, père.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
A prefecture (préfecture) in France may refer to.
Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper.
The Prix de l'essai is an annual French essay prize awarded by the Académie française.
The Prix de Rome or Grand Prix de Rome was a French scholarship for arts students, initially for painters and sculptors, that was established in 1663 during the reign of Louis XIV of France.
The Prix Goncourt (Le prix Goncourt,, The Goncourt Prize) is a prize in French literature, given by the académie Goncourt to the author of "the best and most imaginative prose work of the year".
Pyrénées-Atlantiques (Gascon: Pirenèus-Atlantics; Pirinio Atlantiarrak or Pirinio Atlantikoak) is a department in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, in southwestern France.
The Pyrenees (Pirineos, Pyrénées, Pirineus, Pirineus, Pirenèus, Pirinioak) is a range of mountains in southwest Europe that forms a natural border between Spain and France.
A quarter is a section of an urban settlement.
Ravenna (also locally; Ravèna) is the capital city of the Province of Ravenna, in the Emilia-Romagna region of Northern Italy.
Real tennis – one of several games sometimes called "the sport of kings" – is the original racquet sport from which the modern game of tennis (originally called "lawn tennis") is derived.
Recife is the fourth-largest urban agglomeration in Brazil with 3,995,949 inhabitants, the largest urban agglomeration of the North/Northeast Regions, and the capital and largest city of the state of Pernambuco in the northeast corner of South America.
France is divided into 18 administrative regions (région), including 13 metropolitan regions and 5 overseas regions.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Renaissance architecture is the European architecture of the period between the early 14th and early 17th centuries in different regions, demonstrating a conscious revival and development of certain elements of ancient Greek and Roman thought and material culture.
René Dreyfus (6 May 1905 – 16 August 1993) was a French driver who raced automobiles for 14 years in the 1920s and 1930s, the Golden Era of Grand Prix motor racing.
A revenue house is a type of multi-family residential house with specific architecture which evolved in Europe during 18-19th centuries and became a precursor of what is now known as a rental apartment house and a tenement.
RFM is a French radio station owned by Lagardère Active, based at Paris and created in 1981.
Rhône-Poulenc was a French chemical and pharmaceutical company founded in 1928.
Robert Haillet (26 September 1931 – 26 September 2011) was a French international tennis player.
Robert Massard (born August 15, 1925) is a French baritone, primarily associated with the French repertory.
Rock climbing is an activity in which participants climb up, down or across natural rock formations or artificial rock walls.
Roger-Gérard Schwartzenberg (born 17 April 1943 in Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques) is a French politician of the Radical Party of the Left (French: Parti Radical de Gauche, PRG).
Eugène Adrien Roland Georges Garros (6 October 1888 – 5 October 1918) was a French pioneering aviator and fighter pilot during World War I and early days of aviation.
Roman Gaul refers to Gaul under provincial rule in the Roman Empire from the 1st century BC to the 5th century AD.
A rose garden or rosarium is a garden or park, often open to the public, used to present and grow various types of garden roses or rose species.
RTL, formerly Radio Luxembourg, is a French commercial radio network owned by the RTL Group.
Rugby Pro D2, also known as Pro D2 is the second tier of rugby union club competition division in France.
Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
Safran S.A. is a French multinational aircraft engine, rocket engine, aerospace-component and defense company.
Safran Helicopter Engines, previously known as Turbomeca, is a French manufacturer of low- and medium-power gas turbine turboshaft engines for helicopters.
Saint-Faust is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Saint-Gaudens (Sent-Gaudenç) is a commune and a sub-prefecture of the Haute-Garonne department in southwestern France.
Saint-John Perse (also Saint-Leger Leger,; pseudonyms of Alexis Leger) (31 May 1887 – 20 September 1975) was a French poet-diplomat, awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1960 "for the soaring flight and evocative imagery of his poetry." He was a major French diplomat from 1914 to 1940, after which he lived primarily in the United States until 1967.
Saint-Malo (Gallo: Saent-Malô) is a historic French port in Brittany on the Channel coast.
Saint-Palais is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Salies-de-Béarn (Salias) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Sanofi S.A. is a French multinational pharmaceutical company headquartered in Gentilly, France, as of 2013 the world's fifth-largest by prescription sales.
Sébastien Chabbert (born 15 May 1978 in Pau) is a retired French footballer who played as a goalkeeper.
Schlumberger Limited is the world's largest oilfield services company.
The School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (École des hautes études en sciences sociales; also known as EHESS) is a French grande école (élite higher-education establishment that operates outside the regulatory framework of the public university system) specialised in the social sciences and often considered as the most prestigious institution for the social sciences in France.
The École des troupes aéroportées (ETAP), or School of Airborne Troops, is a military school dedicated to training the military paratroopers of the French army.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Scuderia Ferrari S.p.A. is the racing division of luxury Italian auto manufacturer, Ferrari, and the racing team that competes in Formula One racing.
Section Paloise Béarn Pyrénées, commonly called Pau, is a French rugby union club from Pau in Pyrénées-Atlantiques competing in Top 14, the highest level of the French league system.
Sendets is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Sequoia sempervirens Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607 is the sole living species of the genus Sequoia in the cypress family Cupressaceae (formerly treated in Taxodiaceae).
Sequoiadendron giganteum (giant sequoia; also known as giant redwood, Sierra redwood, Sierran redwood, Wellingtonia or simply Big Treea nickname used by John Muir) is the sole living species in the genus Sequoiadendron, and one of three species of coniferous trees known as redwoods, classified in the family Cupressaceae in the subfamily Sequoioideae, together with Sequoia sempervirens (coast redwood) and Metasequoia glyptostroboides (dawn redwood).
Serres-Castet is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
In economics, a service is a transaction in which no physical goods are transferred from the seller to the buyer.
Setúbal (or; Caetobrix) is a city and a municipality in Portugal.
Sicard de Lordat was a 14th-century architect from the County of Foix, now in modern-day France, who worked for Gaston Fébus (Gaston III of Foix-Béarn).
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Ski touring is skiing in the backcountry on unmarked or unpatrolled areas.
The Socialist Party (Parti socialiste, PS) is a social-democratic political party in France, and the largest party of the French centre-left.
Société nationale d'électricité et de thermique (SNET) is a French electricity generation and distribution company.
The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.
Somport or Col du Somport, known also as the Aspe Pass or Canfranc Pass, (el. 1632 m.) is a mountain pass in the central Pyrenees on the border of France and Spain.
Sophie Milliet (born 2 November 1983 in Marseille) is a French chess player and six times national women's champion (2003, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2016 and 2017).
The Sorbonne is an edifice of the Latin Quarter, in Paris, France, which was the historical house of the former University of Paris.
Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.
Southampton Airport is an international airport in the Borough of Eastleigh within Hampshire, England, north north-east of Southampton.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Athletics is a collection of sporting events that involve competitive running, jumping, throwing, and walking.
Stade du Hameau is a multi-use stadium in Pau, France.
Stéphane Augé (born December 6, 1974 in Pau) is a French former road racing cyclist.
A steam locomotive is a type of railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine.
A steeplechase is a distance horse race in which competitors are required to jump diverse fence and ditch obstacles.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Sud Ouest is a daily French newspaper, the third largest regional daily in France in terms of circulation.
The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System.
Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore.
Swansea (Abertawe), is a coastal city and county, officially known as the City and County of Swansea (Dinas a Sir Abertawe) in Wales, UK.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Thomas Stearns Eliot, (26 September 1888 – 4 January 1965), was an essayist, publisher, playwright, literary and social critic, and "one of the twentieth century's major poets".
Tapestry is a form of textile art, traditionally woven on a vertical loom.
Tarbes (Tarba) is a commune in the Hautes-Pyrénées department in the Occitanie region of southwestern France.
Taxodium distichum (bald cypress, cypress, southern-cypress, white-cypress, tidewater red-cypress, Gulf-cypress, red-cypress, or swamp cypress) is a deciduous conifer in the family Cupressaceae that grows on saturated and seasonally inundated soils in the lowlands of the Southeastern and Gulf Coastal Plains of the United States.
Tazio Giorgio Nuvolari (16 November 1892 – 11 August 1953) was an Italian racing driver.
Technopole refers to a center of high-tech manufacturing and information-based quaternary industry.
The TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse, "high-speed train") is France's intercity high-speed rail service, operated by the SNCF, the state-owned national rail operator.
Thalia (Θάλεια, Θαλία; "the joyous, the flourishing", from θάλλειν, thállein; "to flourish, to be verdant"), also spelled Thaleia, was the goddess who presided over comedy and idyllic poetry.
The Society of the Spectacle (La société du spectacle) is a 1967 work of philosophy and Marxist critical theory by Guy Debord, in which the author develops and presents the concept of the Spectacle.
Alberto Facundo "Tino" Costa (born 9 January 1985) is an Argentinian footballer.
A toll road, also known as a turnpike or tollway, is a public or private road for which a fee (or toll) is assessed for passage.
Tony Estanguet (born 6 May 1978 in Pau) is a French slalom canoeist and a three-time Olympic champion in C1.
The Top 14 is a professional rugby union club competition that is played in France created in 1892.
Total S.A. is a French multinational integrated oil and gas company and one of the seven "Supermajor" oil companies in the world.
Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.
The Tour de France is an annual male multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries.
Trachycarpus fortunei, the Chinese windmill palm, windmill palm or Chusan palm, is a palm native to central China (Hubei southwards), southern Japan (Kyushu), south to northern Myanmar and northern India, growing at altitudes of.
Transhumance is a type of nomadism or pastoralism, a seasonal movement of people with their livestock between fixed summer and winter pastures.
Twelve Variations on "Ah vous dirai-je, Maman", K. 265/300e, is a piano composition by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, composed when he was around 25 years old (1781 or 1782).
Underwater diving, as a human activity, is the practice of descending below the water's surface to interact with the environment.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) is a United Nations (UN) program headquartered in New York City that provides humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries.
The Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un mouvement populaire; UMP) was a centre-right political party in France that was one of the two major contemporary political parties in France along with the centre-left Socialist Party (PS).
The Union of Democrats and Independents (Union des démocrates et indépendants, UDI) is a centrist political party in France founded on 18 September 2012 on the basis of the parliamentary group of the same name in the National Assembly.
The University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour (L'Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour or UPPA) was founded in 1972.
The Uzan, is a left tributary of the Luy de Béarn, in Uzan, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, in Southwestern France.
Uzein is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Van Loo is a Dutch toponymic surname, meaning "from the forest clearing".
Victor Adolphe Malte-Brun (25 November 1816 – 13 July 1889) was a French geographer and cartographer.
Victor Fontan (born Pau, France, 18 June 1892, died Saint-Vincent 2 January 1982) was a French cyclist who led the 1929 Tour de France but dropped out after knocking at doors at night to ask for another bicycle.
The Vignemale (Occitan: Vinhamala, Aragonese: Comachibosa), at 3,298 metres, is the highest of the French Pyrenean summits, on the border with Spain (the highest in the whole of the range is Pic Aneto), also part of the peak belongs to Aragon.
In France, a viguerie (vicaria) was a mediaeval administrative court.
Virgin Radio is a French network of FM radio stations dedicated to Rock and Pop music, operating on 250 different frequencies across France.
The viscounts of Béarn (Basque: Bearno, Gascon: Bearn or Biarn) were the rulers of the viscounty of Béarn, located in the Pyrenees mountains and in the plain at their feet, in southwest France.
Voice over Internet Protocol (also voice over IP, VoIP or IP telephony) is a methodology and group of technologies for the delivery of voice communications and multimedia sessions over Internet Protocol (IP) networks, such as the Internet.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Walter Lapeyre (born 9 February 1976) is a pistol shooter from Bordeaux, France.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Watercolor (American English) or watercolour (British English; see spelling differences), also aquarelle (French, diminutive of Latin aqua "water"), is a painting method in which the paints are made of pigments suspended in a water-based solution.
A waterfall is a place where water flows over a vertical drop or a series of steep drops in the course of a stream or river.
Web television is original television content produced for broadcast via the World Wide Web.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
Whey is the liquid remaining after milk has been curdled and strained.
A winter storm is an event in which varieties of precipitation are formed that only occur at low temperatures, such as snow or sleet, or a rainstorm where ground temperatures are low enough to allow ice to form (i.e. freezing rain).
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
The FIA World Touring Car Championship was an international touring car championship promoted by Eurosport Events and sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA).
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two American aviators, engineers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane.
Xavier Gravelaine (born 5 October 1968) is a French football manager and former football player, who played for many clubs in France and Europe and for France national team.
Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, China.
is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of the main island of Honshu.
Yves Camdeborde (born 7 December 1964) is a French chef.
Yvon Bourges (29 June 1921 – 18 April 2009) was a French politician and colonial administrator.
Dame Zaha Mohammad Hadid (زها حديد Zahā Ḥadīd; 31 October 1950 – 31 March 2016) was an Iraqi-British architect.
Zaragoza, also called Saragossa in English, is the capital city of the Zaragoza province and of the autonomous community of Aragon, Spain.
The 1983 Beirut barracks bombing was a suicide attack that occurred on October 23, 1983, in Beirut, Lebanon, during the Lebanese Civil War.
The 1997–98 Heineken Cup was the third edition of the Heineken Cup European rugby union club competition.
The 1st Parachute Chasseur Regiment (1er Régiment de Chasseurs Parachutistes, 1er R.C.P) is the oldest and among the most decorated airborne regiments of the French Army.
The 2010 Tour de France was the 97th edition of the Tour de France cycle race, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 2015 Tour de France was the 102nd edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 2024 Summer Olympics (Jeux olympiques d'été de 2024), officially known as the Games of the XXXIII Olympiad, and commonly known as Paris 2024, is a forthcoming international multi-sport event that is scheduled to take place from 26 July to 11 August 2024 in Paris, France.