196 relations: Alexander Alekhine, Alexander Beliavsky, Alexander Kotov, Alexander Tolush, Amsterdam, Anatoly Karpov, Andor Lilienthal, Athlete, AVRO 1938 chess tournament, Ķemeri, Bad Nauheim, Baden, Baden-Baden, Baku, Baltic Chess Championship, Bamberg, Belgrade, Bent Larsen, Beverwijk, Bled, Bobby Fischer, Boris Spassky, Borislav Ivkov, Budapest, Buenos Aires, Candidates Tournament, Chess, Chess Life, Chess notation, Chess Olympiad, Chess puzzle, Chessmetrics, Correspondence chess, Crown prince, Curaçao, David Bronstein, Dortmund, Dresden, Eastern Europe, Efim Bogoljubov, Efim Geller, Egon Varnusz, Ehrhardt Post, Emil Zinner, Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, English Opening, Erich Eliskases, Ernst Grünfeld, Estonia, Estonian Athlete of the Year, ..., Estonian Chess Championship, Estonian kroon, European Individual Chess Championship, Feliks Kibbermann, FIDE, Folke Ekström, Friðrik Ólafsson, Georgia (country), Georgian Chess Championship, Gideon Ståhlberg, Gothenburg, Grandmaster (chess), Groningen 1946 chess tournament, Gunnar Friedemann, Hamburg, Hanno Selg, Harald Keres, Harry Golombek, Hastings International Chess Congress, Helsinki, Henri Grob, Henrique Mecking, Igor Bondarevsky, Iivo Nei, Internationaler Fernschachbund, Interzonal, Isaac Boleslavsky, José Raúl Capablanca, Kapfenberg, Keres Defence, Klaus Darga, Lajos Portisch, László Szabó (chess player), Leipzig, Leonid Stein, Lev Aronin, Lev Polugaevsky, Lidköping, Luhačovice, Madrid, Mar del Plata chess tournament, Margate, Mariánské Lázně, Mark Taimanov, Mathematics, Max Euwe, Miguel Najdorf, Mikhail Botvinnik, Mikhail Tal, Milan Vidmar, Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Munich, Myocardial infarction, Narva, Nauheim, Nazism, Nõmme, New York City, Noordwijk, Oberhausen, Ostend, Paul Felix Schmidt, Paul Keres Memorial Tournament, Paulino Frydman, Pärnu, Petrópolis, Physicist, Piatigorsky Cup, Postage stamp, Poznań, Prague, Reuben Fine, Riga, Round-robin tournament, Russian Empire, Ruy Lopez, Saint Petersburg, Salo Flohr, Salzburg, Salzburg 1942 chess tournament, Samuel Reshevsky, San Antonio, Santiago, Sarajevo, Savielly Tartakower, Semmering, Austria, Sicilian Defence, Sicilian Defence, Scheveningen Variation, Soviet Union, Stig Lundholm, Stockholm, Svetozar Gligorić, Swedish Chess Championship, Swimming, Szczawno-Zdrój, Table tennis, Tallinn, Tartu, Tata Steel Chess Tournament, Tõnismägi, Tbilisi, Tel Aviv, Tennis, The Hague, Tigran Petrosian, Toomas Leius, University of Tartu, Uno Palu, USA vs. USSR radio chess match 1945, USSR Chess Championship, USSR Chess Federation, Vancouver, Varna, Vasily Smyslov, Vienna, Viktor Korchnoi, Vladas Mikėnas, Vladimirs Petrovs, Vlastimil Hort, Warsaw, Western Europe, Wijk aan Zee, Winnipeg, Wolfgang Unzicker, World Chess Championship, World Chess Championship 1948, World Chess Championship 1963, World War II, Yugoslavia, Yuri Averbakh, Zagreb, Zandvoort, Zürich, 10th Chess Olympiad, 11th Chess Olympiad, 12th Chess Olympiad, 13th Chess Olympiad, 14th Chess Olympiad, 15th Chess Olympiad, 16th Chess Olympiad, 2 euro commemorative coins, 3rd unofficial Chess Olympiad, 5 krooni, 6th Chess Olympiad, 7th Chess Olympiad, 8th Chess Olympiad. Expand index (146 more) » « Shrink index
Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.
Alexander Genrikhovich Beliavsky (also Romanized Belyavsky; born December 17, 1953) is a Soviet, Ukrainian and Slovenian chess grandmaster.
Alexander Alexandrovich Kotov (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Ко́тов; – 8 January 1981) was a Soviet chess grandmaster and author.
Alexander Kazimirovich Tolush (1 May 1910 – 3 March 1969) was a Soviet chess grandmaster.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.
Andor (André, Andre, Andrei) Arnoldovich LilienthalReuben Fine, The World's Great Chess Games, Dover Publications, 1983, p. 216.
An athlete (also sportsman or sportswoman) is a person who competes in one or more sports that involve physical strength, speed or endurance.
The AVRO tournament was a famous chess tournament held in the Netherlands in 1938, sponsored by the Dutch broadcasting company AVRO.
Ķemeri resort (originally Ķemeres, also known as Kemmern) is a part of Jūrmala in Latvia, 44 km from Riga.
Bad Nauheim is a town in the Wetteraukreis district of Hesse state of Germany.
Baden is a historical German territory.
Baden-Baden is a spa town located in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwestern Germany.
Baku (Bakı) is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region, with a population of 2,374,000.
The first Baltic Chess Congress took place in Riga, Latvia (then Russian Empire), in 1899.
Bamberg is a town in Upper Franconia, Germany, on the river Regnitz close to its confluence with the river Main.
Belgrade (Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city",; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.
Jørgen Bent Larsen (4 March 19359 September 2010) was a Danish chess grandmaster and author.
Beverwijk is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.
Bled (Veldes,Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. 1906. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 146. in older sources also Feldes) is a town on Lake Bled in the Upper Carniolan region of northwestern Slovenia.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
Boris Vasilievich Spassky (Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Borislav Ivkov (born November 12, 1933 in Belgrade) is a Serbian chess Grandmaster.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
The Candidates Tournament is a chess tournament organized by FIDE, chess' international governing body, since 1950, as the final contest to determine the challenger for the World Chess Championship.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
The monthly Chess Life and bi-monthly Chess Life Kids (formerly School Mates and Chess Life for Kids) are the official magazines published by the United States Chess Federation (US Chess).
Chess notations are various systems that have developed to record either the moves made in a game of chess or the position of pieces on a chessboard.
The Chess Olympiad is a biennial chess tournament in which teams from all over the world compete.
A chess puzzle is a puzzle in which knowledge of the pieces and rules of chess is used to solve logically a chess-related problem.
Chessmetrics is a system for rating chess players devised by Jeff Sonas.
Correspondence chess is chess or variant chess played by various forms of long-distance correspondence, often through a correspondence chess server, a public internet chess forum, email, or the postal system.
A crown prince is the male heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy.
Curaçao (Curaçao,; Kòrsou) is a Lesser Antilles island in the southern Caribbean Sea and the Dutch Caribbean region, about north of the Venezuelan coast.
David Ionovich Bronstein (Дави́д Ио́нович Бронште́йн; February 19, 1924 – December 5, 2006) was a Soviet chess grandmaster, who narrowly missed becoming World Chess Champion in 1951.
Dortmund (Düörpm:; Tremonia) is an independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
Efim Dmitriyevich Bogolyubov (also Romanized Bogoljubov, Bogoljubow; April 14, 1889 – June 18, 1952) was a Russian-born German chess grandmaster who won numerous events and played two matches against Alexander Alekhine for the world championship.
Efim Petrovich Geller (Ефим Петрович Геллер, Юхим Петрович Геллер; 8 March 1925 – 17 November 1998) was a Soviet chess player and world-class grandmaster at his peak.
Egon Varnusz (born Budapest, Hungary, November 15, 1933 - Budapest, June 26, 2008) was a Hungarian chess Master and writer.
Alfred M. Ehrhardt Post (23 September 1881 in Cottbus – 1 August 1947 in Berlin) was a German chess master and functionary.
Emil Zinner (23 August 1909, Brno – 8 July 1942, Majdanek) was a Jewish-Czech chess master.
The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess.
The English Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move: A flank opening, it is the fourth most popular and, according to various databases, anywhere from one of the two most successful to the fourth most successful of White's twenty possible first moves.
Erich Gottlieb Eliskases (15 February 1913 – 2 February 1997) was a chess grandmaster of the 1930s and 1940s, who represented Austria, Germany and Argentina in international competition.
---- Ernst Franz Grünfeld (November 21, 1893 – April 3, 1962) was a leading Austrian chess grandmaster and chess writer, mainly on opening theory.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
The Estonian Athlete of the Year is chosen annually each December, since 1955.
The Estonian Chess Championship is played to determine the Estonian in chess.
The kroon (sign: kr; code: EEK) was the official currency of Estonia for two periods in history: 1928–1940 and 1992–2011.
The European Individual Chess Championship is a chess tournament organised by the European Chess Union.
Feliks (Felix) Kibbermann (3 December 1902, in Rakvere – 27 December 1993, in Tartu) was an Estonian chess master, philologist of German language, lexicographer and pedagogue.
The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition.
Nils Johan Folke Ekström (12 October 1906, in Lund – 25 January 2000, in Saltsjobaden) was a Swedish International Master (IM) of chess and of correspondence chess (IMC).
Friðrik Ólafsson (born 26 January 1935) is an Icelandic chess grandmaster.
Georgia (tr) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Following are the official winners of the national Georgian Chess Championships from 1928 to date.
Anders Gideon Tom Ståhlberg (or Stahlberg) (26 January 1908, Surte near Gothenburg – 26 May 1967, Leningrad) was a Swedish chess grandmaster.
Gothenburg (abbreviated Gbg; Göteborg) is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries.
The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.
Groningen 1946 was the first major international chess tournament to be held after World War II.
Gunnar Friedemann (22 September 1909 in Tallinn – 22 February 1944) was an Estonian chess master.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Hanno Selg (born 31 May 1932 in Tallinn) is a former Estonian modern pentathlete.
Harald Keres (Pärnu – 26 June 2010) was an Estonian physicist considered to be the father of the Estonian school of relativistic gravitation theory.
Harry Golombek OBE (1 March 1911 – 7 January 1995), was a British chess grandmaster, chess arbiter, chess author, and wartime codebreaker.
The Hastings International Chess Congress is an annual chess tournament which takes place in Hastings, England, around the turn of the year.
Helsinki (or;; Helsingfors) is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland.
Henri Grob (4 June 1904 – 5? July 1974) was a Swiss chess master, artist and painter.
Henrique Costa Mecking (born 23 January 1952), also known as Mequinho, is a Brazilian chess grandmaster who reached his zenith in the 1970s and is still one of the strongest players in Brazil.
Igor Zakharovich Bondarevsky (Игорь Захарович Бондаревский) (May 12, 1913 in Rostov-on-the-Don, Russia – June 14, 1979 in Pyatigorsk, Soviet Union) was a Soviet Russian chess Grandmaster in both over-the-board and correspondence chess, an International Arbiter, trainer, and chess author.
Iivo Nei (born 31 October 1931 in Tartu) is an Estonian chess master.
The Internationaler Fernschachbund (IFSB) was an international correspondence chess organisation, founded in 1928.
Interzonal chess tournaments were tournaments organized by the World Chess Federation FIDE from the 1950s to the 1990s.
Isaac Yefremovich Boleslavsky (Ісаак Єфремович Болеславський, Исаак Ефремович Болеславский; June 9, 1919 in Zolotonosha, Ukraine – February 15, 1977 in Minsk) was a Soviet chess grandmaster.
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
Kapfenberg, with around inhabitants, is the third largest city in Styria, Austria, near Bruck an der Mur.
The Keres Defence (also known as the Kangaroo Defence or Franco-Indian Defense) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The opening is named for Estonian grandmaster Paul Keres.
Klaus Viktor Darga (born 24 February 1934) is a German chess grandmaster.
Lajos Portisch (born 4 April 1937) is a Hungarian chess Grandmaster, whose positional style earned him the nickname, the "Hungarian Botvinnik".
László Szabó (March 19, 1917 – August 8, 1998) was a Hungarian grandmaster of chess.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
Leonid Zakharovich Stein (Леонид Захарович Штейн; November 12, 1934 – July 4, 1973) was a Soviet chess Grandmaster from Ukraine.
Lev Solomonovich Aronin (Лев Соломонович Аронин; 20 July 1920, Kuibyshev – 4 October 1982, Moscow) was a Soviet International Master of chess.
Lev Abramovich Polugaevsky (Лев Абрамович Полугаевский; 20 November 1934 – 30 August 1995) was an International Grandmaster of chess and frequent contender for the World Championship, although he never achieved that title.
Lidköping is a locality and the seat of Lidköping Municipality in Västra Götaland County, Sweden.
Luhačovice (Luhatschowitz) is a spa town in the Zlín Region, Moravia, Czech Republic.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Mar del Plata has a rich history of chess tournaments, including their international chess tournament and open tournament.
Margate is a seaside town in the district of Thanet in Kent, England.
Mariánské Lázně (Marienbad) is a spa town in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic.
Mark Evgenievich Taimanov (Марк Евгеньевич Тайманов; 7 February 1926 – 28 November 2016) was one of the leading Soviet and Russian chess players, among the world's top 20 players from 1946 to 1971.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
Machgielis "Max" Euwe, PhD (May 20, 1901 – November 26, 1981) was a Dutch chess Grandmaster, mathematician, author, and chess administrator.
Miguel Najdorf (born Mojsze Mendel Najdorf) (15 April 1910 – 4 July 1997) was a Polish-Argentine chess grandmaster.
Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник,; – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963.
Mikhail Nekhemyevich Tal (Mihails Tāls; Михаил Нехемьевич Таль, Mikhail Nekhem'evich Tal,; sometimes transliterated Mihails Tals or Mihail Tal; 9 November 1936 – 28 June 1992) was a Soviet Latvian chess Grandmaster and the eighth World Chess Champion (from 1960 to 1961).
Milan Vidmar (22 June 1885 – 9 October 1962) was a Slovene electrical engineer, chess Grandmaster, chess theorist, chess arbiter, philosopher, and writer.
The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, also known as the Nazi–Soviet Pact,Charles Peters (2005), Five Days in Philadelphia: The Amazing "We Want Willkie!" Convention of 1940 and How It Freed FDR to Save the Western World, New York: PublicAffairs, Ch.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
Narva (Нарва) is the third largest city in Estonia.
Nauheim is a community in Groß-Gerau district in Hesse, Germany.
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
Nõmme (Estonian for "Heath") is one of the 8 administrative districts (linnaosa) of Tallinn, the capital of Estonia.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Noordwijk is a town and municipality in the west of the Netherlands, in the province of South Holland.
Oberhausen is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg and Essen. The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen and its Gasometer Oberhausen is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.
Ostend (Oostende, or; Ostende; Ostende) is a Belgian coastal city and municipality, located in the province of West Flanders.
Paul Felix Schmidt (– 11 August 1984) was an Estonian chess International Master, chess writer, and chemist.
The Paul Keres Memorial Tournament is a chess tournament played in honour of chess grandmaster Paul Keres (1916–1975).
Paulino (Paulin) Frydman (26 May 1905 in Warsaw, Poland – 2 February 1982 in Buenos Aires, Argentina) was a Polish chess master.
Pärnu (Pernau) is the fourth-largest city in Estonia.
Petrópolis, also known as The Imperial City, is a municipality in the Southeast Region of Brazil, located northeast of Rio de Janeiro.
A physicist is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field of physics, which encompasses the interactions of matter and energy at all length and time scales in the physical universe.
The Piatigorsky Cup was a triennial series of double round-robin grandmaster chess tournaments held in the United States in the 1960s.
A postage stamp is a small piece of paper that is purchased and displayed on an item of mail as evidence of payment of postage.
Poznań (Posen; known also by other historical names) is a city on the Warta River in west-central Poland, in the Greater Poland region.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
Reuben Fine (October 11, 1914 – March 26, 1993) was an American chess grandmaster, psychologist, university professor, and author of many books on both chess and psychology.
Riga (Rīga) is the capital and largest city of Latvia.
A round-robin tournament (or all-play-all tournament) is a competition in which each contestant meets all other contestants in turn.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Salomon Mikhailovich Flohr (November 21, 1908 – July 18, 1983) was a leading Czech chess grandmaster of the mid-20th century, who became a national hero in Czechoslovakia during the 1930s.
Salzburg, literally "salt fortress", is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of Salzburg state.
The main organiser of Salzburg 1942, Ehrhardt Post, the Chief Executive of Nazi Grossdeutscher Schachbund, intended to bring together the six strongest players of Germany, the occupied and neutral European countries; world champion Alexander Alekhine, former champion Max Euwe, challenger Paul Keres, former challenger Efim Bogoljubov, winner of European tournament at Munich 1941 Gösta Stoltz, and German champion Paul Felix Schmidt.
Samuel Herman Reshevsky (born Szmul Rzeszewski; November 26, 1911 – April 4, 1992) was a Polish chess prodigy and later a leading American chess grandmaster.
San Antonio (Spanish for "Saint Anthony"), officially the City of San Antonio, is the seventh most populous city in the United States and the second most populous city in both Texas and the Southern United States.
Santiago, also known as Santiago de Chile, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.
Sarajevo (see names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a population of 275,524 in its current administrative limits.
Ksawery Tartakower (also known as Saviely or Savielly Tartakower in English, less often Xavier Tartacover or Xavier Tartakover; 1887–1956) was a leading Polish and French chess grandmaster.
Semmering is a town in the district of Neunkirchen in the Austrian state of Lower Austria.
The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: The Sicilian is the most popular and best-scoring response to White's first move 1.e4.
In chess, the Scheveningen Variation of the Sicilian Defence is an opening that is a line of the Open Sicilian characterised by Black setting up a "small centre" with pawns on d6 and e6.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Stig Lundholm (14 November 1917 in Luleå, Sweden – 2009) was a Swedish chess master.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Svetozar Gligorić (Serbian Cyrillic: Светозар Глигорић, 2 February 1923 – 14 August 2012) was a Serbian and Yugoslav chess grandmaster.
The first Swedish Champion was Gustaf Nyholm who won two matches against winners of national tournaments: Berndtsson in Göteborg and Löwenborg in Stockholm in 1917.
Swimming is the self-propulsion of a person through fresh or salt water, usually for recreation, sport, exercise, or survival.
Szczawno-Zdrój (Bad Salzbrunn, until 1935 Ober Salzbrunn) is a spa town in Wałbrzych County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.
Table tennis, also known as ping-pong, is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight ball back and forth across a table using small bats.
Tallinn (or,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Estonia.
Tartu (South Estonian: Tarto) is the second largest city of Estonia, after Estonia's political and financial capital Tallinn.
The Tata Steel Chess Tournament is an annual chess tournament held in January in Wijk aan Zee, the Netherlands.
Tõnismägi (Estonian for "St. Anthony's Hill") is a 36-metre high hillock adjacent to Toompea hill in Tallinn, Estonia.
Tbilisi (თბილისი), in some countries also still named by its pre-1936 international designation Tiflis, is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River with a population of approximately 1.5 million people.
Tel Aviv (תֵּל אָבִיב,, تل أَبيب) is the second most populous city in Israel – after Jerusalem – and the most populous city in the conurbation of Gush Dan, Israel's largest metropolitan area.
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian (Тигра́н Варта́нович Петрося́н; Տիգրան Պետրոսյան; June 17, 1929 – August 13, 1984) was a Soviet Armenian Grandmaster, and World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969.
Toomas Leius (born 28 August 1941, also written Lejus) is a former tennis player from Estonia who competed for the Soviet Union.
The University of Tartu (UT; Tartu Ülikool, Universitas Tartuensis) is a classical university in the city of Tartu, Estonia.
Uno Palu (born 8 February 1933 in Sindi) is a former Estonian decathlete who represented the USSR.
The USA vs.
The USSR Chess Championship was played from 1921 to 1991.
The USSR Chess Federation (Шахматная федерация СССР - Shakhmatnaya fyedyeratsiya SSSR) was the national organism for chess in the USSR.
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.
Varna (Варна, Varna) is the third-largest city in Bulgaria and the largest city and seaside resort on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.
Vasily Vasilyevich Smyslov (Василий Васильевич Смыслов; 24 March 1921 – 27 March 2010) was a Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster, who was World Chess Champion from 1957 to 1958.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Viktor Lvovich Korchnoi (p; 23 March 1931 – 6 June 2016) was a Soviet (until 1976) and Swiss (since 1994) chess grandmaster and writer.
Vladas Mikėnas (17 April 1910 – 3 November 1992) was a Lithuanian International Master of chess, an Honorary Grandmaster, and a journalist.
Vladimirs Petrovs or Vladimir Petrov (27 September 1907 – 26 August 1943) was a Latvian chess master.
Vlastimil Hort (born 12 January 1944) is a Czechoslovak-born German chess Grandmaster.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
Wijk aan Zee is a small town on the coast of the North Sea in the municipality of Beverwijk in the province of North Holland of the Netherlands.
Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada.
Wolfgang Unzicker (26 June 1925 – 20 April 2006) was one of the strongest German chess Grandmasters from 1945 to about 1970.
The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.
The 1948 World Chess Championship was a quintuple round-robin tournament played to determine the new World Chess Champion following the death of the previous champion Alexander Alekhine in 1946.
At the World Chess Championship 1963 Tigran Petrosian narrowly qualified to challenge Mikhail Botvinnik for the World Chess Championship, and then won the match to become the ninth World Chess Champion.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija/Југославија; Jugoslavija; Југославија; Pannonian Rusyn: Югославия, transcr. Juhoslavija)Jugosllavia; Jugoszlávia; Juhoslávia; Iugoslavia; Jugoslávie; Iugoslavia; Yugoslavya; Югославия, transcr. Jugoslavija.
Yuri Lvovich Averbakh (Ю́рий Льво́вич Аверба́х; born February 8, 1922) is a Soviet and Russian chess player and author.
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia.
Zandvoort is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.
Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.
The 10th Chess Olympiad, organized by the FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between August 9 and August 31, 1952, in Helsinki, Finland.
The 11th Chess Olympiad, organized by the FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between September 4 and September 25, 1954, in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The 12th Chess Olympiad, organized by the FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between August 31 and September 25, 1956, in Moscow, Soviet Union.
The 13th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between September 30 and October 23, 1958, in Munich, West Germany.
The 14th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between October 26 and November 9, 1960, in Leipzig, East Germany.
The 15th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between September 15 and October 10, 1962, in Varna, Bulgaria.
The 16th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between November 2 and November 25, 1964, in Tel Aviv, Israel.
2 commemorative coins are special euro coins minted and issued by member states of the eurozone since 2004 as legal tender in all eurozone member states.
The 3rd unofficial Chess Olympiad was held by German Chess Federation (Grossdeutscher Schachbund) as a counterpart of the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin with reference to 1924 and 1928 events.
The 5 krooni banknote (5 EEK) is a denomination of the Estonian kroon, the former currency of Estonia.
The 6th Chess Olympiad, organized by the FIDE and comprising an open and (unofficial) women's tournament, as well as several events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between August 16 and August 31, 1935, in Warsaw, Poland.
The 7th Chess Olympiad, organized by the FIDE and comprising an open and (unofficial) women's tournament, as well as several events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between July 31 and August 14, 1937, in Stockholm, Sweden.
The 8th Chess Olympiad, organised by the Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE), comprised an 'open' tournament, as well as a Women's World Championship contest.