104 relations: Adolf Anderssen, Alexander Beaufort Meek, Alonzo Morphy, American Chess Congress, American Civil War, Augustus Mongredien, Benjamin Raphael, Blindfold chess, Bobby Fischer, Brennan's, Café de la Régence, Charles Henry Stanley, Chess, Chess piece, Chess Player's Chronicle, Chess prodigy, Chess strategy, Chess title, Confederate States Army, Daniel Harrwitz, Draw (chess), Duchy of Brunswick, Dutch Defence, Edward Löwe, Edward Winter (chess historian), Eugène Rousseau (chess player), Eugène-Louis Lequesne, Félix Sicre, Frances Parkinson Keyes, Fred Reinfeld, Frederic W. Lincoln Jr. (politician), Frederick Perrin, Garry Kasparov, Gastroenteritis, Géza Maróczy, George Henry Mackenzie, Giuoco Piano, Glossary of chess, Grandmaster (chess), Handicap (chess), Harvard University, Havana, Henry Bird (chess player), Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, House of Golitsyn, Howard Staunton, Irish people, James Thompson (chess player), James Walker (Harvard), Johann Löwenthal, ..., John Owen (chess player), John Van Buren, John William Schulten, José Raúl Capablanca, Jules Arnous de Rivière, King's Gambit, Leech, List of chess games, List of Major League Baseball umpires, Louis Agassiz, Louis Paulsen, Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais, Louisiana, Louisiana Creole people, Martin Van Buren, Morphy number, Morphy versus the Duke of Brunswick and Count Isouard, Napoleon Marache, New Orleans, New York University, Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr., Open Game, Opera house, P. G. T. Beauregard, Paris, Paul Journoud, Philip Walsingham Sergeant, Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant, Portuguese people, Queen Victoria, Raymond Keene, Reuben Fine, Russia, Ruy Lopez, Saint Louis Cemetery, Saint Petersburg, Samuel Boden, Siberia, Sicilian Defence, Spaniards, Spring Hill College, The Illustrated London News, Theodor Lichtenhein, Thomas Wilson Barnes, Time control, Tulane University, U.S. Chess Championship, Wilhelm Steinitz, Willard Fiske, William Shakespeare, Wincenty Budzyński, Winfield Scott, Winter Palace, World Chess Championship. Expand index (54 more) » « Shrink index
Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen (July 6, 1818 – March 13, 1879)"Anderssen, Adolf" in The New Encyclopædia Britannica.
Alexander Beaufort Meek (July 17, 1814 (Columbia, South Carolina) – November 30, 1865 (Columbus, Mississippi) was an American politician, lawyer, judge, chess player, writer and poet. He served as Alabama's Attorney General in 1836.
Alonzo Michael Morphy (November 23, 1798 – November 22, 1856) was a lawyer serving as Attorney General of Louisiana from 1828 to 1830, and a Justice of the Louisiana Supreme Court from August 31, 1839 to March 19, 1846.
The American Chess Congress was a series of chess tournaments held in the United States, a predecessor to the current U.S. Chess Championship.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
Augustus Mongredien (1807–1888) was a corn merchant, also known as a political economist and writer.
Blindfold chess (also known as sans voir) is a form of chess play wherein the players do not see the positions of the pieces or touch them.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
Brennan's is a Creole restaurant in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana.
The Café de la Régence in Paris was an important European centre of chess in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Charles Henry Stanley (September 1819, Brighton – 1901, USA) was the first chess champion of the United States.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
A chess piece, or chessman, is any of the six different movable objects used on a chessboard to play the game of chess.
The Chess Player's Chronicle, founded by Howard Staunton and extant from 1841–56 and 1859–62, was the world's first successful English-language magazine devoted exclusively to chess.
Chess prodigies are children who can beat experienced adult players and even Masters at chess.
Chess strategy is the aspect of chess playing concerned with evaluation of chess positions and setting of goals and long-term plans for future play.
A chess title is a title created by a chess governing body and bestowed upon players based on their performance and rank.
The Confederate States Army (C.S.A.) was the military land force of the Confederate States of America (Confederacy) during the American Civil War (1861–1865).
Daniel Harrwitz (29 April 1823 – 9 January 1884) was a Jewish German chess master.
In chess, a draw is the result of a game ending in a tie.
The Duchy of Brunswick (Herzogtum Braunschweig) was a historical German state.
The Dutch Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black's 1...f5 stakes a serious claim to the e4-square and envisions an attack in the middlegame on White's; however, it also weakens Black's kingside some (especially the e8–h5 diagonal) and contributes nothing to Black's development.
Edward Löwe (also Eduard Loewe; 23 September 1794 – 24 February 1880) was a Bohemian-born, after 1830 naturalized English chess master.
Edward Winter (born 1955) is an English chess journalist, archivist, historian, collector and author.
Eugène Rousseau (c. 1810 in St. Denis, France – 1870) was a French chess master.
Eugène-Louis Lequesne (or Le Quesne) (15 February 1815 – 3 June 1887) was a French sculptor.
Félix Sicre (1817 – 1871) was a Cuban chess master.
Frances Parkinson Keyes (July 21, 1885 – July 3, 1970) was an American author who wrote about her life as the wife of a U.S. Senator and novels set in New England, Louisiana, and Europe.
Fred Reinfeld (January 27, 1910 – May 29, 1964) was an American writer on chess and many other subjects.
Frederic Walker Lincoln Jr. (February 27, 1817 – September 12, 1898) was an American manufacturer and politician, serving as the sixteenth and eighteenth mayor of Boston, Massachusetts from 1858–1860 and 1863–1867, respectively.
Frederic (Frederick) Perrin (5 December 1815 – 27 January 1889) was an American chess master.
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
Gastroenteritis, also known as infectious diarrhea, is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract -- the stomach and small intestine.
Géza Maróczy (3 March 1870 – 29 May 1951) was a Hungarian chess master, one of the leading players in the world in his time.
George Henry Mackenzie (24 March 1837, North Kessock, Scotland – 14 April 1891, New York City) was a Scottish-American chess master.
The Giuoco Piano (Italian: "Quiet Game"), also called the Italian Opening,Hooper & Whyld (1996), p. 183.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.
A handicap (or "odds") in chess is variant ways to enable a weaker player to have a chance of winning against a stronger one.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba.
Henry Edward Bird (Portsea in Hampshire, 14 July 1830 – 11 April 1908) was an English chess player, and also an author and accountant.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (February 27, 1807 – March 24, 1882) was an American poet and educator whose works include "Paul Revere's Ride", The Song of Hiawatha, and Evangeline.
The Golitsyn (ɡɐˈlʲitsɨn) family, one of the largest and most princely of the noble houses of Russia, originated in the Duchy of Lithuania.
Howard Staunton (1810 – 22 June 1874) was an English chess master who is generally regarded as having been the world's strongest player from 1843 to 1851, largely as a result of his 1843 victory over Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant.
The Irish people (Muintir na hÉireann or Na hÉireannaigh) are a nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry, identity and culture.
James Thompson (23 September 1804, London - 2 December 1870, New York) was an American chess master.
James Walker (August 16, 1794 – December 23, 1874) was a Unitarian minister, professor, and President of Harvard College from February 10, 1853, to January 26, 1860.
Johann Jacob Löwenthal (Löwenthal János Jakab; 15 July 1810 – 24 July 1876) was a professional chess master.
John Owen (8 April 1827 in Marchington – 24 November 1901 in Twickenham) was an English vicar and strong amateur chess master.
John Van Buren (February 18, 1810 – October 13, 1866) was an American lawyer and politician.
John William Schulten (1821–1875), also spelled Johann Wilhelm, was a 19th-century chess master from Germany and the United States.
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
Jules Arnous de Rivière (4 May 1830, Nantes – 11 September 1905, Paris) was the strongest French chess player from the late 1850s through the late 1870s.
The King's Gambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White offers a pawn to divert the black e-pawn.
Leeches are segmented parasitic or predatory worm-like animals that belong to the phylum Annelida and comprise the subclass Hirudinea.
This is a list of notable chess games sorted chronologically.
The following is a list of major league baseball umpires.
Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz (May 28, 1807December 14, 1873) was a Swiss-American biologist and geologist recognized as an innovative and prodigious scholar of Earth's natural history.
Louis Paulsen (15 January 1833 in Gut Nassengrund near Blomberg, Principality of Lippe – 18 August 1891) was a German chess player.
Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais (1795– December 1840) was a French chess master, possibly the strongest player in the early 19th century.
Louisiana is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Louisiana Creole people (Créoles de Louisiane, Gente de Louisiana Creole), are persons descended from the inhabitants of colonial Louisiana during the period of both French and Spanish rule.
Maarten "Martin" Van Buren (December 5, 1782 – July 24, 1862) was an American statesman who served as the eighth President of the United States from 1837 to 1841.
The Morphy number is a measure of how closely a chess player is connected to Paul Morphy (1837–1884) by way of playing chess games.
The chess game played in 1858 at an opera house in Paris between the American chess master Paul Morphy and two strong amateurs, the German noble Karl II, Duke of Brunswick and the French aristocrat Comte Isouard de Vauvenargues, is among the most famous of chess games.
Napoleon Marache (June 15, 1818 – May 11, 1875) was born in France and moved to the United States at around 12 years of age.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
New York University (NYU) is a private nonprofit research university based in New York City.
Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. (August 29, 1809 – October 7, 1894) was an American physician, poet, and polymath based in Boston.
An Open Game (or Double King's Pawn Opening) is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: White has moved the king's pawn two squares and Black has replied in kind.
An opera house is a theatre building used for opera performances that consists of a stage, an orchestra pit, audience seating, and backstage facilities for costumes and set building.
Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard (May 28, 1818 – February 20, 1893) was an American military officer who was the first prominent general of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Paul Journoud (January 1821, Lyon – December 1882, Paris) was a French chess master and editor.
Philip Walsingham Sergeant (27 January 1872, Notting Hill, LondonBirths, Marriages and Deaths – 20 October 1952) was a British professional writer on chess and popular historical subjects.
Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant (12 September 1800 – 29 October 1872) was a leading French chess master and an editor of the chess periodical Le Palamède.
Portuguese people are an ethnic group indigenous to Portugal that share a common Portuguese culture and speak Portuguese.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
Raymond Dennis Keene OBE (born 29 January 1948) is an English chess Grandmaster, a FIDE International Arbiter, a chess organiser, and a journalist and author.
Reuben Fine (October 11, 1914 – March 26, 1993) was an American chess grandmaster, psychologist, university professor, and author of many books on both chess and psychology.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura.
Saint Louis Cemetery (Cimetière Saint-Louis) is the name of three Roman Catholic cemeteries in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Samuel Standidge Boden (1826–1882) was an English professional chess master.
Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.
The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: The Sicilian is the most popular and best-scoring response to White's first move 1.e4.
Spaniards are a Latin European ethnic group and nation.
Spring Hill College is a private, Roman Catholic, Jesuit, liberal arts college in the Spring Hill neighborhood of Mobile, Alabama, United States.
The Illustrated London News appeared first on Saturday 14 May 1842, as the world's first illustrated weekly news magazine.
Theodor (Theodore) Lichtenhein (January 1829, Königsberg – 19 May 1874, Chicago) was an American chess master.
Thomas Wilson Barnes (1825–1874) was an English chess master, one of the leading British masters of his time.
A time control is a mechanism in the tournament play of almost all two-player board games so that each round of the match can finish in a timely way and the tournament can proceed.
Tulane University is a private, nonsectarian research university in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.
The U.S. Chess Championship is an invitational tournament held to determine the national chess champion of the United States.
Wilhelm (later William) Steinitz (May 17, 1836 – August 12, 1900) was an Austrian and later American chess master, and the first undisputed World Chess Champion, from 1886 to 1894.
Daniel Willard Fiske (November 11, 1831 – September 17, 1904) was an American librarian and scholar, born on November 11, 1831, at Ellisburg, New York.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Wincenty Budzyński (Budzinski, Budzinsky) (1815, Volhynia – 5 May 1866, Paris) was a Polish politician agent and Polish–French chess master.
Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 – May 29, 1866) was a United States Army general and the unsuccessful presidential candidate of the Whig Party in 1852.
The Winter Palace (p, Zimnij dvorets) in Saint Petersburg, Russia, was, from 1732 to 1917, the official residence of the Russian monarchs.
The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.