133 relations: Albert Chichery, Albert Dalimier, Albert François Lebrun, Albert Rivière, Albert Sarraut, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, Anatole de Monzie, André Tardieu, Andrew Roberts (historian), Anglo-French Supreme War Council, Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle Jr., Appeal of 18 June, Appeasement, Armistice, Armoured warfare, Austrian Resistance, Édouard Daladier, Édouard Herriot, Barcelonnette, Battle for Castle Itter, Battle of France, Battle of Sedan (1940), Benito Mussolini, Bordeaux, Brigadier general, Camille Chautemps, Catholic Church, César Campinchi, Chamber of Deputies, Charles de Gaulle, Charles Dumont (politician), Charles Williams, Baron Williams of Elvel, Christian Pineau, Democratic Republican Alliance, Deputy Prime Minister of France, Devaluation, Edward Spears, Edward Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax, Electoral college, Fort du Portalet, François Darlan, Franc, Franklin D. Roosevelt, French Fifth Republic, French Fourth Republic, French Ministry for the Economy and Finance, French Section of the Workers' International, French Third Republic, Frontignan, Georges Clemenceau, ..., Georges Mandel, Georges Monnet, Georges Pernot, Great Depression, Guy Mollet, Hachette Book Group, Hélène de Portes, Hérault, HEC Paris, Henri Queuille, Henri Roy, Itter Castle, Jean Letourneau, Jean Prouvost, Jean Ybarnégaray, Jules Jeanneney, Laurent Eynac, Léon Baréty, Léon Bérard, Léon Blum, Le Mans, List of Ministers of Overseas France, List of Prime Ministers of France, Louis de Chappedelaine, Louis Germain-Martin, Louis Marin (politician), Louis Rollin, Lucien Lamoureux, Ludovic-Oscar Frossard, Maginot Line, Marc Rucart, Marcel Héraud, Maurice Gamelin, Maxime Weygand, May 1940 War Cabinet Crisis, Minister of State, Minister of the Armed Forces (France), Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Justice (France), Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Montpellier, Munich Agreement, National Centre of Independents and Peasants, Neuilly-sur-Seine, Neville Chamberlain, Nicholas Atkin, Norway, Norwegian Campaign, Palace of Versailles, Paul Baudouin, Paul Marchandeau, Paul Thellier, Philippe Pétain, Pierre Laval, Pierre-Étienne Flandin, Pierre-Henri Teitgen, Platanus, President of France, Prime Minister of France, Raoul Dautry, Renault Juvaquatre, René Mayer, René Renoult, Riom Trial, Roland de Margerie, Sachsenhausen concentration camp, Sainte-Maxime, Samurai, Sète, Separate peace, Soviet Union, Théodore Steeg, United States of Europe, University of Cambridge, University of Paris, Wörgl, Wehrmacht, William Christian Bullitt Jr., Winston Churchill, Winter War, World War II, Yves Bouthillier, Yvon Delbos. Expand index (83 more) » « Shrink index
Albert Marc Chichery (12 October 1888 – 15 August 1944) was a French politician who was briefly Minister of Commerce and Industry, then Minister of Agriculture and Food Supply, in June–July 1940.
Albert François Marie Dalimier (20 February 1875 – 6 May 1936) was a French politician.
Albert François Lebrun (29 August 1871 – 6 March 1950) was a French politician, President of France from 1932 to 1940.
Albert Rivière (24 April 1891 – 28 June 1953) was a French tailor and moderate socialist politician.
Albert-Pierre Sarraut (28 July 1872 – 26 November 1962) was a French Radical politician, twice Prime Minister during the Third Republic.
Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (Occitan: Aups d'Auta Provença) is a French department in the south of France, it was formerly part of the province of Provence.
Anatole de Monzie (22 November 1876, Bazas, Gironde – 11 January 1947, Paris) was a French administrator, encyclopaedist (Encyclopédie française), political figure and scholar.
André Pierre Gabriel Amédée Tardieu (22 September 1876 – 15 September 1945) was three times Prime Minister of France (3 November 1929 – 17 February 1930; 2 March – 4 December 1930; 20 February – 10 May 1932) and a dominant figure of French political life in 1929–1932.
Andrew Roberts (born 13 January 1963) is a British historian and journalist.
The Anglo-French Supreme War Council (SWC) was established to oversee joint military strategy at the start of the Second World War.
Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle Jr. (December 17, 1897 - November 13, 1961) was a wealthy socialite who became a diplomat of the United States, and served in the United States Army during World War I and after World War II, reaching the rank of major general.
The Appeal of 18 June (L'Appel du 18 juin) was a famous speech by Charles de Gaulle, the leader of the Free French Forces, in 1940.
Appeasement in an international context is a diplomatic policy of making political or material concessions to an aggressive power in order to avoid conflict.
An armistice is a formal agreement of warring parties to stop fighting.
Armoured warfare, mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare.
The Austrian Resistance launched in response to the rise in fascism across Europe and, more specifically, to the Anschluss in 1938 and resulting occupation of Austria by Germany.
Édouard Daladier (18 June 1884 – 10 October 1970) was a French "radical" (i.e. centre-left) politician and the Prime Minister of France at the start of the Second World War.
Édouard Marie Herriot (5 July 1872 – 26 March 1957) was a French Radical politician of the Third Republic who served three times as Prime Minister and for many years as President of the Chamber of Deputies.
Barcelonnette is a commune of France and a subprefecture in the department of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region.
The Battle for Castle Itter was fought in the Austrian North Tyrol village of Itter on 5 May 1945, in the last days of the European Theater of World War II.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of Sedan or Second Battle of Sedan (12–15 May 1940)Frieser 2005, p. 196.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF).
Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.
Camille Chautemps (1 February 1885 – 1 July 1963) was a French Radical politician of the Third Republic, three times President of the Council (Prime Minister).
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
César Campinchi (4 May 1882, Calcatoggio, Corse-du-Sud – 22 February 1941, Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône) was a lawyer and French statesman in the beginning of the 20th century.
The chamber of deputies is the legislative body such as the lower house of a bicameral legislature, or also a unicameral legislature.
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.
Charles Emile Etienne Dumont (31 August 1867 – 22 April 1939) was a left-leaning French politician who was Minister of Public Works in 1911 and Minister of Finance in 1913.
Charles Cuthbert Powell Williams, Baron Williams of Elvel CBE PC (born 9 February 1933) is a retired business executive and a Labour peer.
Christian Pineau (14 October 1904, in Chaumont-en-Bassigny, Haute-Marne, France – 5 April 1995, in Paris) was a noted French Resistance fighter, who later served an important term as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the late 1950s.
The Democratic Alliance (Alliance démocratique, AD), originally called Democratic Republican Alliance (Alliance républicaine démocratique, ARD), was a French political party (1901–1978) created in 1901 by followers of Léon Gambetta, such as Raymond Poincaré who would be president of the Council in the 1920s.
The Deputy Prime Minister of France, more properly known as the Vice President of the Council of Ministers, was a sinecure position that existed during the Third and Fourth Republics, as well as the Vichy regime during World War II.
In modern monetary policy, a devaluation is an official lowering of the value of a country's currency within a fixed exchange rate system, by which the monetary authority formally sets a new fixed rate with respect to a foreign reference currency or currency basket.
Major-General Sir Edward Louis Spears, 1st Baronet, (7 August 1886 – 27 January 1974) was a British Army officer and Member of Parliament noted for his role as a liaison officer between British and French forces in two world wars.
Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax, (16 April 1881 – 23 December 1959), styled Lord Irwin from 1925 until 1934 and Viscount Halifax from 1934 until 1944, was one of the most senior British Conservative politicians of the 1930s.
An electoral college is a set of electors who are selected to elect a candidate to a particular office.
The Fort du Portalet is a fort in the Aspe Valley in Bearn, French Pyrenees, built from 1842 to 1870.
Jean Louis Xavier François Darlan (7 August 1881 – 24 December 1942) was a French Admiral and political figure.
The franc (₣) is the name of several currency units.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
The Fifth Republic, France's current republican system of government, was established by Charles de Gaulle under the Constitution of the Fifth Republic on 4 October 1958.
The French Fourth Republic was the republican government of France between 1946 and 1958, governed by the fourth republican constitution.
The French Ministry for the Economy and Finance (Ministère de l'économie et des finances), called the Finance Ministry for short and informally referred to as Bercy, is one of the most important ministries in the cabinet of France.
The French Section of the Workers' International (Section Française de l'Internationale Ouvrière, SFIO) was a French socialist political party founded in 1905 and replaced in 1969 by the current Socialist Party (PS).
The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.
Frontignan-la Peyrade is a commune in the Hérault department in southern France.
Georges Benjamin Clemenceau (28 September 1841 – 24 November 1929) was a French politician, physician, and journalist who was Prime Minister of France during the First World War.
Georges Mandel (5 June 1885 – 7 July 1944) was a French journalist, politician, and French Resistance leader.
Not to be confused with the French wartime foreign minister Georges Bonnet Georges Monnet (12 August 1898, Aurillac, Cantal – 9 December 1980) was a prominent socialist politician in 1930s France and a member of Paul Reynaud's war cabinet as Minister of Blockade.
Auguste Alain Georges Pernot (6 November 1879 – 14 September 1962) was a conservative French lawyer and politician.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Guy Mollet (31 December 1905 – 3 October 1975) was a French politician.
Hachette Book Group (HBG) is a publishing company owned by Hachette Livre, the largest publishing company in France, and the third largest trade and educational publisher in the world.
Hélène de Portes (24 February 1902 - 28 June 1940) was a countess of France.
Hérault (Erau) is a department in southern France named after the Hérault.
HEC Paris (École des hautes études commerciales de Paris) is an international business school established in 1881 and located in Jouy-en-Josas, France.
Henri Queuille (31 March 1884 – 15 June 1970) was a French Radical politician prominent in the Third and Fourth Republics.
Henri Roy (17 February 1873 – 23 August 1950) was a French politician who was deputy for Loiret from 1906 to 1919 and senator for Loiret from 1920 to 1941.
Itter Castle (Schloss Itter) is a 19th-century castle in Itter, a village in Tyrol, Austria.
Jean Letourneau (18 September 1907 – 16 March 1986) was a French lawyer and politician.
Jean Prouvost (24 April 1885, Roubaix – 18 October 1978, Yvoy-le-Marron) was a businessman, media owner and French politician.
Michel Albert Jean Joseph Ybarnégaray (16 October 1883 – 25 April 1956) was a French Basque politician and founder of the International Association for Basque Pelota.
Jules Émile Jeanneney (6 July 1864–27 April 1957) was a French lawyer and politician.
Laurent Eynac (4 October 1886 – 16 December 1970) was a French politician who was appointed Minister of Transportation on 7 June 1935 until 24 January 1936.
Léon Jean Jacques Baréty (18 October 1883 – 10 February 1971) was a French politician who was briefly Minister of Industry and Commerce in 1940.
Léon Bérard (6 January 1876, Sauveterre-de-Béarn – 24 February 1960 in Saint-Étienne) was a French politician and lawyer.
André Léon Blum (9 April 1872 – 30 March 1950) was a French politician, identified with the moderate left, and three times Prime Minister of France.
Le Mans is a city in France, on the Sarthe River.
The following is a list of ministers of Overseas France.
The Prime Minister of France is the head of the Government of France.
Louis-Marc-Michel, comte de Chappedelaine (21 June 1876, Saint-Just, Ille-et-Vilaine – 9 December 1939, Ville-d'Avray, Seine-et-Oise) was a French politician.
Louis Germain-Martin (7 November 1872, Le Puy-en-Velay, Haute-Loire – 4 October 1948, Paris) was an Independent Radical French politician.
Louis Marin (7 February 1871 – 23 May 1960) was a French politician who was Minister for the Liberated Regions in 1924, Minister of Pensions (Veteran Affairs) in 1926–28 and Minister of Health in 1934.
Louis Marie Joseph Etienne Rollin (27 March 1879 – 3 November 1952) was a French politician who was a minister in several cabinets in the period between the two world wars.
Lucien Lamoureux, (August 3, 1920 – July 16, 1998) was a Canadian politician and Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada from 1966 to 1974.
Ludovic-Oscar Frossard (5 March 1889 – 11 February 1946), also known as L.-O. Frossard or Oscar Frossard, was a French socialist and communist politician.
The Maginot Line (Ligne Maginot), named after the French Minister of War André Maginot, was a line of concrete fortifications, obstacles, and weapon installations built by France in the 1930s to deter invasion by Germany and force them to move around the fortifications.
Marc Émile Rucart (24 July 1893 – 23 January 1964) was a French journalist and Radical politician who was a deputy from 1928 to 1942.
Marcel Héraud (5 May 1883 – 17 September 1960) was a French lawyer and politician who was briefly Minister of Health in 1940.
Maurice Gustave Gamelin (20 September 1872 – 18 April 1958) was a senior French Army general.
Maxime Weygand (21 January 1867 – 28 January 1965) was a French military commander in World War I and World War II.
The May 1940 War Cabinet Crisis was a confrontation between Winston Churchill, newly appointed as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, and Viscount Halifax, the Foreign Secretary, which took place between 25 and 28 May.
Minister of State is a title borne by politicians or officials in certain countries governed under a parliamentary system.
The Ministry of the Armed Forces (Ministre des Armées) is the French cabinet member charged with running the French Armed Forces.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the ministry in the government of France that handles France's foreign relations.
The Ministry of Justice is controlled by the French Minister of Justice - Keeper of the Seals (Ministre de la Justice - Garde des Sceaux), a top-level cabinet position in the French Government.
The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, also known as the Nazi–Soviet Pact,Charles Peters (2005), Five Days in Philadelphia: The Amazing "We Want Willkie!" Convention of 1940 and How It Freed FDR to Save the Western World, New York: PublicAffairs, Ch.
Montpellier (Montpelhièr) is a city in southern France.
The Munich Agreement was a settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia along the country's borders mainly inhabited by German speakers, for which a new territorial designation, the "Sudetenland", was coined.
The National Centre of Independents and Peasants (Centre National des Indépendants et Paysans, CNIP or CNI) is a liberal-conservative and conservative-liberal political party in France, founded in 1951 by the merger of the National Centre of Independents (the heir of the French Republican conservative-liberal tradition, many party members came from the Democratic Republican Alliance) with the Peasant Party and the Republican Party of Liberty.
Neuilly-sur-Seine is a French commune just west of Paris, in the department of Hauts-de-Seine.
Arthur Neville Chamberlain (18 March 1869 – 9 November 1940) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940.
Nicholas "Nick" James Atkin (18 September 1960 – 22 October 2009) was professor of modern European history at the University of Reading.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
The Norwegian Campaign (9 April to 10 June 1940) was fought in Norway between Norway, the Allies and Germany in World War II after the latter's invasion of the country.
The Palace of Versailles (Château de Versailles;, or) was the principal residence of the Kings of France from Louis XIV in 1682 until the beginning of the French Revolution in 1789.
Paul Baudouin (19 December 1894 – 10 February 1964) was a French banker who became a politician and Vichy foreign minister.
Paul Henri Marie Joseph Marchandeau, born in Gaillac, Tarn on 10 August 1882, died in Paris 15th on 31 May 1968, was a lawyer, journalist and French Radical Socialist politician.
Paul Thellier (29 October 1899 – 29 August 1944) was a French politician who was Minister of Agriculture for a few months in 1936 and again in 1940.
Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain (24 April 1856 – 23 July 1951), generally known as Philippe Pétain or Marshal Pétain (Maréchal Pétain), was a French general officer who attained the position of Marshal of France at the end of World War I, during which he became known as The Lion of Verdun, and in World War II served as the Chief of State of Vichy France from 1940 to 1944.
Pierre Jean-Marie Laval (28 June 1883 – 15 October 1945) was a French politician.
Pierre-Étienne Flandin (12 April 1889 – 13 June 1958) was a French conservative politician of the Third Republic, leader of the Democratic Republican Alliance (ARD), and Prime Minister of France from 8 November 1934 to 31 May 1935.
Pierre-Henri Teitgen (29 May 1908 – 6 April 1997) was a French lawyer, professor and politician.
Platanus is a genus consisting of a small number of tree species native to the Northern Hemisphere.
The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française) is the executive head of state of France in the French Fifth Republic.
The French Prime Minister (Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the head of government.
Raoul Dautry (16 September 1880 – 21 August 1951) was a French engineer, business leader and politician.
The Renault Juvaquatre is a small family car / compact car automobile produced by the French manufacturer Renault between 1937 and 1960, although production stopped or slowed to a trickle during the war years.
René Mayer (4 May 1895, in Paris13 December 1972, in Paris) was a French Radical politician of the Fourth Republic who served briefly as Prime Minister during 1953.
René Renoult (29 August 1867 in Paris – 30 April 1946 in Paris) was a French Minister and lawyer.
The Riom Trial (Procès de Riom; 19 February 1942 – 21 May 1943) was an attempt by the Vichy France regime, headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain, to prove that the leaders of the French Third Republic (1870–1940) had been responsible for France's defeat by Germany in 1940.
Roland Jacquin de Margerie (1899 – July 1990) was a French diplomat.
Sachsenhausen ("Saxon's Houses") or Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg was a Nazi concentration camp in Oranienburg, Germany, used primarily for political prisoners from 1936 to the end of the Third Reich in May 1945.
Sainte-Maxime (Provençal: Santa Maxima) is a commune and city in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region on the French Riviera (Côte d'Azur) in southeastern France west from Nice and east from Marseille.
were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan.
Sète (Seta in Occitan), known as Cette until 1928, is a commune in the Hérault department in the Occitanie region in southern France.
The phrase "separate peace" refers to a nation's agreement to cease military hostilities with another, even though the former country had previously entered into a military alliance with other states that remain at war with the latter country.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Théodore Steeg (19 December 1868 – 19 December 1950) was a lawyer and professor of philosophy who became Premier of the French Third Republic.
The United States of Europe, the European state, the European superstate, the European federation and Federal Europe are names used to refer to several similar hypothetical scenarios of the unification of Europe as a single sovereign federation of states (hence superstate), similar to the United States of America, both as projected by writers of speculative fiction and science fiction and by political scientists, politicians, geographers, historians and futurologists.
The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
The University of Paris (Université de Paris), metonymically known as the Sorbonne (one of its buildings), was a university in Paris, France, from around 1150 to 1793, and from 1806 to 1970.
Wörgl is a city in the Austrian state of Tyrol, in the Kufstein district.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
William Christian Bullitt Jr. (January 25, 1891 – February 15, 1967) was an American diplomat, journalist, and novelist.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
The Winter War was a military conflict between the Soviet Union (USSR) and Finland.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yves Bouthillier (26 February 1901 – 4 January 1977) was a French politician.
Yvon Delbos (7 May 1885 – 15 November 1956) was a French Radical-Socialist Party politician and minister.