49 relations: Alekhine's Defence, Andrew Soltis, Backward pawn, Benoni Defense, Caro–Kann Defence, Castling, Catalan Opening, Chess, Chess endgame, Chess middlegame, Chess opening, Chess strategy, Chessboard, Colle System, Connected pawns, Doubled pawns, Dražen Marović, Dutch Defence, Efim Bogoljubov, English Opening, French Defence, Garry Kasparov, Géza Maróczy, Glossary of chess, Grünfeld Defence, Greek gift sacrifice, Hans Kmoch, Hedgehog (chess), Isolated pawn, King's Indian Defence, Mark Taimanov, Mauricio Flores Ríos, Max Euwe, Miguel Najdorf, Mikhail Yudovich, Nimzowitsch Defence, Old Indian Defense, Pawn (chess), Pirc Defence, Prophylaxis (chess), Queen's Gambit, Queen's Indian Defense, Ruy Lopez, Scandinavian Defense, Sicilian Defence, Sicilian Defence, Dragon Variation, Sicilian Defence, Najdorf Variation, Sicilian Defence, Scheveningen Variation, Slav Defense.
Alekhine's Defence is a chess opening which begins with the moves: Black tempts White's pawns forward to form a broad pawn centre, with plans to undermine and attack the white structure later in the spirit of hypermodern defence.
Andrew Eden Soltis (born May 28, 1947 in Hazleton, Pennsylvania) is an American chess grandmaster, author and columnist.
In chess, a backward pawn is a pawn that is behind all pawns of the same color on the adjacent files and cannot be safely advanced.
The Benoni Defense is a chess opening characterized by the moves: Black can then sacrifice a pawn with 3...b5 (the Benko Gambit), otherwise 3...e6 is the most common move (although 3...d6 or 3...g6 are also seen, typically transposing to main lines).
The Caro–Kann Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Caro–Kann is a common defence against the King's Pawn Opening and is classified as a "Semi-Open Game" like the Sicilian Defence and French Defence, although it is thought to be more solid and less dynamic than either of those openings.
Castling is a move in the game of chess involving a player's king and either of the player's original rooks.
The Catalan is a chess opening where White adopts a combination of the Queen's Gambit and Réti Opening: White plays d4 and c4 and fianchettoes the white bishop on g2.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.
The middlegame in chess refers to the portion of the game in between the opening and the endgame.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
Chess strategy is the aspect of chess playing concerned with evaluation of chess positions and setting of goals and long-term plans for future play.
A chessboard is the type of checkerboard used in the board game chess, consisting of 64 squares (eight rows and eight columns).
The Colle System, also known as the Colle–Koltanowski system, is a chess opening strategy for White introduced by Belgian Edgard Colle in the 1920s, and further developed by George Koltanowski.
In chess, connected pawns are two or more pawns of the same color on adjacent files, as distinct from isolated pawns.
In chess, doubled pawns are two pawns of the same color residing on the same file.
Dražen Marović (born January 14, 1938 in Split) is a Croatian (former Yugoslav) chess player, trainer, journalist, writer and broadcaster.
The Dutch Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black's 1...f5 stakes a serious claim to the e4-square and envisions an attack in the middlegame on White's; however, it also weakens Black's kingside some (especially the e8–h5 diagonal) and contributes nothing to Black's development.
Efim Dmitriyevich Bogolyubov (also Romanized Bogoljubov, Bogoljubow; April 14, 1889 – June 18, 1952) was a Russian-born German chess grandmaster who won numerous events and played two matches against Alexander Alekhine for the world championship.
The English Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move: A flank opening, it is the fourth most popular and, according to various databases, anywhere from one of the two most successful to the fourth most successful of White's twenty possible first moves.
The French Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: This is most commonly followed by 2.d4 d5, with Black intending...c5 at a later stage, attacking White's and gaining on the.
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
Géza Maróczy (3 March 1870 – 29 May 1951) was a Hungarian chess master, one of the leading players in the world in his time.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
The Grünfeld Defence (ECO codes D70–D99) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black offers White the possibility of cxd5, when after Nxd5 White further gets the opportunity to kick the Black Knight around with e4, leading to an imposing central pawn duo for White.
In chess, the Greek gift sacrifice (or classical bishop sacrifice) is a typical sacrifice of a bishop by White playing Bxh7+ or Black playing Bxh2+.
Johann "Hans" Joseph Kmoch (July 25, 1894 in Vienna – February 13, 1973 in New York City) was an Austrian-Dutch-American chess International Master (1950), International Arbiter (1951), and a chess journalist and author, for which he is best known.
The Hedgehog is a pawn formation in chess adopted usually by Black that can arise from several openings.
In chess, an isolated pawn is a pawn that has no friendly pawn on an adjacent.
The King's Indian Defence is a common chess opening.
Mark Evgenievich Taimanov (Марк Евгеньевич Тайманов; 7 February 1926 – 28 November 2016) was one of the leading Soviet and Russian chess players, among the world's top 20 players from 1946 to 1971.
Mauricio Flores Rios (born September 10, 1990, in Valparaiso) is a Chilean chess player who holds the Grandmaster title.
Machgielis "Max" Euwe, PhD (May 20, 1901 – November 26, 1981) was a Dutch chess Grandmaster, mathematician, author, and chess administrator.
Miguel Najdorf (born Mojsze Mendel Najdorf) (15 April 1910 – 4 July 1997) was a Polish-Argentine chess grandmaster.
Mikhail Mikhailovich Yudovich (8 June 1911 in Roslavl – 19 September 1987 in Moscow) was a Russian chess master, journalist, and writer.
The Nimzowitsch Defence is a somewhat unusual chess opening characterised by the moves: This opening is an example of a hypermodern opening where Black invites White to occupy the of the board at an early stage with pawns.
The Old Indian Defense is a chess opening defined by the moves: This opening is distinguished from the King's Indian Defense in that Black develops his on e7 rather than by fianchetto on g7.
The pawn (♙,♟) is the most numerous piece in the game of chess, and in most circumstances, also the weakest.
The Pirc Defence (correctly pronounced "peerts", but often mispronounced "perk"), sometimes known as the Ufimtsev Defence or Yugoslav Defence, is a chess opening characterised by Black responding to 1.e4 with 1...d6 and 2...Nf6, followed by...g6 and...Bg7, while allowing White to establish an impressive-looking centre with pawns on d4 and e4.
In the game of chess, prophylaxis (Greek προφυλαξις, "prophylaxis," guarding or preventing beforehand) or a prophylactic move is a move that stops the opponent from taking action in a certain area for fear of some type of reprisal.
The Queen's Gambit is a chess opening that starts with the moves: The Queen's Gambit is one of the oldest known chess openings.
The Queen's Indian Defense (QID) is a chess opening defined by the moves: The opening is a solid defense to the Queen's Pawn Game.
The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura.
The Scandinavian Defense (or Center Counter Defense, or Center Counter Game) is a chess opening characterized by the moves.
The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: The Sicilian is the most popular and best-scoring response to White's first move 1.e4.
In chess, the Dragon Variation is one of the main lines of the Sicilian Defence and begins with the moves: In the Dragon, Black fianchettoes their bishop on the h8–a1 diagonal, building a home for the king on g8 while aiming the bishop at the center and.
The Najdorf Variation of the Sicilian Defence is one of the most respected and deeply studied of all chess openings.
In chess, the Scheveningen Variation of the Sicilian Defence is an opening that is a line of the Open Sicilian characterised by Black setting up a "small centre" with pawns on d6 and e6.
The Slav Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Slav is one of the primary defenses to the Queen's Gambit.