90 relations: Aconcagua River, Adelantado, Alonso de Ercilla, Alonso de Góngora Marmolejo, Angol, Arauco War, Atacama Desert, Badajoz, Barque, Battle of Andalien, Battle of Jaquijahuana, Battle of Las Salinas, Battle of Pavia, Battle of Penco, Battle of Quilacura, Battle of Tucapel, Bay of Concepción, Biobío River, Bolivia, Cañete, Chile, Cacique, Captaincy General of Chile, Castuera, Catholic Church, Caupolicán, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Chile, Colocolo (tribal chief), Concepción, Chile, Conquest of Chile, Cordillera de Nahuelbuta, Cristóbal Vaca de Castro, Cusco, Diego de Almagro, Diego de Almagro II, Extremadura, Federico de Madrazo, Fernando d'Ávalos, Flanders, Francisco de Aguirre (conquistador), Francisco de Villagra, Francisco Pizarro, Gonzalo Pizarro, Hernando Pizarro, Hidalgo (nobility), Inés of My Soul, Inés Suárez, Isabel Allende, Italian War of 1521–26, Italy, ..., Itata River, Jerónimo de Alderete, Jerónimo de Vivar, Juan Bautista Pastene, Juan Jufré, La Araucana, La Imperial, Chile, La Serena, Chile, Las Vegas Altas, Lautaro, List of Viceroys of Peru, Mapocho River, Mapuche, Marina Ortiz de Gaete, Maule River, Miami Marlins minor league players, Michimalonco, Missionary, Pedro de la Gasca, Pedro Mariño de Lobera, Pedro Sánchez de la Hoz, Penco, Peru, Pilmaiquén, Pisco, Peru, Rodrigo de Quiroga, Royal Governor of Chile, Santa Lucía Hill, Santiago, Spain, Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire, Strait of Magellan, Taltal, Toqui, Tucapel, Valdivia, Valparaíso, Venezuela, Villanueva de la Serena, Villarrica, Chile. Expand index (40 more) » « Shrink index
The Aconcagua River is a river in Chile that rises from the conflux of two minor tributary rivers at above sea level in the Andes, Juncal River from the east (which rise in the Nevado Juncal) and Blanco River from the south east.
Adelantado (meaning "advanced") was a title held by Spanish nobles in service of their respective kings during the Middle Ages.
Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga (August 7, 1533November 29, 1594) was a Spanish nobleman, soldier and epic poet, born in Madrid.
Alonso de Góngora Marmolejo (1523–1575) was a Spanish conquistador and chronicler of the early conquest and settlement of the Captaincy General of Chile, and the start of the Arauco War.
Angol is a commune and capital city of the Malleco Province in the Araucanía Region of southern Chile.
The Arauco War was a long-running conflict between colonial Spaniards and the Mapuche people, mostly fought in the Araucanía.
The Atacama Desert (Desierto de Atacama) is a plateau in South America (primarily in Chile), covering a 1000-km (600-mi) strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes mountains.
Badajoz (formerly written Badajos in English) is the capital of the Province of Badajoz in the autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain.
A barque, barc, or bark is a type of sailing vessel with three or more masts having the fore- and mainmasts rigged square and only the mizzen (the aftmost mast) rigged fore-and-aft.
The battle of Andalien, fought in early February 1550, was a night action between 20,000 Mapuche under the command of their toqui Ainavillo and Pedro de Valdivia's 200 Spaniards on horse and afoot with a large number of yanakuna including 300 Mapochoes auxiliaries under their leader Michimalonco.
The Battle of Jaquijahuana was fought between the forces of Gonzalo Pizarro and Pedro de la Gasca, on April 9, 1548, during the Conquest of the Inca Empire by the Spanish conquistadores.
The Battle of Las Salinas was a military conflict and decisive confrontation between the forces of Hernando and Gonzalo Pizarro against those of rival conquistador Diego de Almagro, on April 26, 1538, during the Conquest of Peru.
The Battle of Pavia, fought on the morning of 24 February 1525, was the decisive engagement of the Italian War of 1521–26.
The Battle of Penco, on March 12, 1550 was a battle between 60,000 Mapuche under the command of their toqui Ainavillo with his Araucan and Tucapel allies and Pedro de Valdivia's 200 Spaniards on horse and afoot with a large number of yanakuna inclucing 300 Mapochoes auxiliaries under their leader Michimalonco defending their newly raised fort at Penco.
Battle of Quilacura was a battle in the Arauco War, fought at night, four leagues from the Bio-Bio River, between the Spanish expedition of Pedro de Valdivia and a force of Mapuche warriors led by Malloquete on February 11, 1546.
The Battle of Tucapel (also known as the Disaster of Tucapel) is the name given to a battle fought between Spanish conquistador forces led by Pedro de Valdivia and Mapuche (Araucanian) Indians under Lautaro that took place at Tucapel, Chile on December 25, 1553.
The Bay of Concepción is a natural bay on the coast of the Province of Concepción in the Bío Bío Region of Chile.
The Biobío River (also known as Bío Bío or Bio-Bio) is the second largest river in Chile.
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
Cañete is a city and commune in Chile, located in the Arauco Province of the Biobío Region.
A cacique (feminine form: cacica) is a leader of an indigenous group, derived from the Taíno word kasikɛ for the pre-Columbian tribal chiefs in the Bahamas, the Greater Antilles, and the northern Lesser Antilles.
The General Captaincy of Chile (Capitanía General de Chile) or Gobernación de Chile, was a territory of the Spanish Empire, from 1541 to 1818.
Castuera is a municipality in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Caupolican (meaning ‘polished flint’ (queupu) or ‘blue quartz stone’ (Kallfulikan) in Mapudungun) was a mapuche toqui, or war leader of the Mapuche people, who led the resistance of his people against the Spanish Conquistadors who invaded the territory of today's Chile during the sixteenth century.
Charles V (Carlos; Karl; Carlo; Karel; Carolus; 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and the Spanish Empire (as Charles I of Spain) from 1516, as well as of the lands of the former Duchy of Burgundy from 1506.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Colocolo (from Mapudungun "colocolo", mountain cat) was a Mapuche leader ("cacique lonco") in the early period of the Arauco War.
Concepción (in full: Concepción de la Madre Santísima de la Luz, "Conception of the Blessed Mother of Light") is a Chilean city and commune belonging to the metropolitan area of Greater Concepción, it is one of the largest urban conurbations of Chile.
The Conquest of Chile is a period in Chilean historiography that starts with the arrival of Pedro de Valdivia to Chile in 1541 and ends with the death of Martín García Óñez de Loyola in the Battle of Curalaba in 1598, and the destruction of the Seven Cities in 1600 in the Araucanía region.
The Nahuelbuta Range or Cordillera de Nahuelbuta is a mountain range in Bio-Bio and Araucania Region, southern Chile.
Cristóbal Vaca de Castro (c. 1492, Izagre, León, Spain – 1566, Valladolid, Spain) was a Spanish colonial administrator in Peru.
Cusco (Cuzco,; Qusqu or Qosqo), often spelled Cuzco, is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range.
Diego de Almagro, (– July 8, 1538), also known as El Adelantado and El Viejo, was a Spanish conquistador and a companion.
Diego de Almagro II (1520 – September 16, 1542) called El Mozo (the lad), was the son of Spanish conquistador Diego de Almagro and a native Panamanian Indian.
Extremadura (is an autonomous community of western Iberian Peninsula whose capital city is Mérida, recognised by the State of Autonomy of Extremadura. It is made up of the two largest provinces of Spain: Cáceres and Badajoz. It is bordered by the provinces of Salamanca and Ávila (Castile and León) to the north; by provinces of Toledo and Ciudad Real (Castile–La Mancha) to the east, and by the provinces of Huelva, Seville, and Córdoba (Andalusia) to the south; and by Portugal to the west. Its official language is Spanish. It is an important area for wildlife, particularly with the major reserve at Monfragüe, which was designated a National Park in 2007, and the International Tagus River Natural Park (Parque Natural Tajo Internacional). The government of Extremadura is called. The Day of Extremadura is celebrated on 8 September. It coincides with the Catholic festivity of Our Lady of Guadalupe.
Federico de Madrazo y Kuntz (9 February 181510 June 1894) was a Spanish painter.
Fernando Francesco d'Ávalos, 5th marquis of Pescara (or Ferrante Francesco d'Ávalos; Spanish: Francisco Fernando de Ávalos, 1489 – December 3, 1525), was an Italian condottiero of Spanish extraction.
Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.
Francisco de Aguirre (1507–1581) was a Spanish conquistador who participated in the conquest of Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina.
Francisco de Villagra Velázquez (1511 – 22 July 1563) was a Spanish conquistador, and three times governor of Chile.
Francisco Pizarro González (– 26 June 1541) was a Spanish conquistador who led an expedition that conquered the Inca Empire.
Gonzalo Pizarro y Alonso (1510 – April 10, 1548) was a Spanish conquistador and younger paternal half-brother of Francisco Pizarro, the conqueror of the Inca Empire.
Hernando Pizarro y de Vargas (born between 1478 and 1508, died 1578) was a Spanish conquistador and one of the Pizarro brothers who ruled over Peru.
An hidalgo or a fidalgo is a member of the Spanish or Portuguese nobility; the feminine forms of the terms are hidalga, in Spanish, and fidalga, in Portuguese and Galician.
Inés of My Soul (Inés del alma mía, 2006) is a historical novel by Chilean author Isabel Allende.
Inés Suárez, (c. 1507–1580) was a Spanish conquistador who participated in the Conquest of Chile with Pedro de Valdivia, successfully defending Santiago against a Mapuche attack in 1541.
Isabel Allende (born August 2, 1942) is a Chilean writer.
The Italian War of 1521–26, sometimes known as the Four Years' War, was a part of the Italian Wars.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
The Itata River flows in the Bío Bío Region, southern Chile.
Jerónimo de Alderete y Mercado (c. 1518 – April 7, 1556) was a Spanish conquistador who was later named governor of Chile, but died before he could assume his post.
Jerónimo de Vivar was a Spanish historian of the early conquest and settlement of the Kingdom of Chile, and author of Crónica y relación copiosa y verdadera de los reinos de Chile.
Giovanni Battista Pastene (1507–1580) was a Genoese maritime explorer who, while in the service of the Spanish crown, explored the coasts of Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Chile as far south as to the archipelago of Chiloé.
Juan Jufré de Loayza y Montesa (1516–1578) was a Spanish conquistador who participated in the 1541 expedition of Pedro de Valdivia to Chile.
La Araucana (also known in English as The Araucaniad) is a 16th-century epic poem in Spanish about the Spanish Conquest of Chile by Alonso de Ercilla.
La Imperial or Ciudad Imperial was a city founded by Pedro de Valdivia on 16 April 1552 and named in honor of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, then (also) king of Spain.
La Serena is a city and commune in northern Chile, capital of the Coquimbo Region.
Las Vegas Altas, also known as Vegas Altas del Guadiana, is a comarca in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain.
Lautaro (Lef-Traru "swift hawk") (1534? – April 29, 1557) was a young Araucanian toqui who achieved notoriety for leading the indigenous resistance against Spanish conquest in Chile.
The following is a list of Viceroys of Peru.
The River Mapocho (Río Mapocho) (Mapudungun: Mapu chuco, "water that penetrates the land") flows from the Andes mountains onto the west and divides Chile's capital Santiago in two.
The Mapuche are a group of indigenous inhabitants of south-central Chile and southwestern Argentina, including parts of present-day Patagonia.
Marina Ortiz de Gaete González (c. 1509 – April 1592) was the wife of Pedro de Valdivia, and played an important role in the politics of the conquest and early history of the Kingdom of Chile.
The Maule river or Río Maule (Mapudungun: rainy) is one of the most important rivers of Chile.
Below is a partial list of minor league baseball players in the Miami Marlins system.
Michima Lonco (fl. mid-16th century) (michima means "foreigner" and lonco means "head" or "chief" in Mapudungun language) was an indigenous chief said to be a great warrior, born in the Aconcagua Valley and educated in Cusco by the Inca Empire.
A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to proselytize and/or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care, and economic development.
Pedro de la Gasca (June 1485 – November 13, 1567) was a Spanish bishop, diplomat and the second (acting) viceroy of Peru, from April 10, 1547 to January 27, 1550.
Pedro Mariño de Lobera (1528–1594) was a Galician soldier and chronicler of the Arauco War in the Captaincy General of Chile.
Pedro Sánchez de la Hoz (Calahorra, La Rioja, 1514 – Santiago de Chile, 1547) was a Spanish merchant, conquistador and adelantado who served as secretary to Pizarro.
Penco (Mapudungun: "Peumo water") is a Chilean city and commune in Concepción Province, Bío Bío Region on the Bay of Concepción.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Pilmaiquén or Pilmayquen (Mapudungun for wanderer) is a riachuelo in the commune of Cañete in Arauco Province in the Bío Bío Region of Chile that flows southwest towards the coast of the Pacific Ocean, to the northwest of the city of Cañete.
Pisco is a small city located in the Ica Region of Peru, the capital of the Pisco Province.
Rodrigo de Quiroga López de Ulloa (c. 1512 – February 20, 1580) was a Spanish conquistador of Galician origin.
The Royal Governor of Chile ruled over the Spanish colonial administrative district called the Captaincy General of Chile, and as a result the Royal Governor also held the title of a Captain General.
Santa Lucía Hill (Cerro Santa Lucía) is a small hill in the centre of Santiago, Chile.
Santiago, also known as Santiago de Chile, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
The Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire was one of the most important campaigns in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
The Strait of Magellan, also called the Straits of Magellan, is a navigable sea route in southern Chile separating mainland South America to the north and Tierra del Fuego to the south.
Taltal is a Chilean commune and city in Antofagasta Province, Antofagasta Region.
Toqui (Mapudungun for axe or axe-bearer) is a title conferred by the Mapuche (an indigenous Chilean people) on those chosen as leaders during times of war.
Tucapel is a town and commune in the Arauco Province, Bío Bío Region, Chile.
Valdivia is a city and commune in southern Chile, administered by the Municipality of Valdivia.
Valparaíso is a major city, seaport, and educational center in the commune of Valparaíso, Chile.
Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
Villanueva de la Serena is a city in the Province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain.
Villarrica is a city and commune in southern Chile located on the western shore of Villarrica Lake in the Province of Cautín, Araucanía Region south of Santiago and close to the Villarrica Volcano ski center to the south east.