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Pennsylvania

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Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. [1]

674 relations: Act of Consolidation, 1854, Adam Smith, Admiral, African Americans, African immigration to the United States, Afro-Latin Americans, Alabama, Allegheny Mountain Tunnel, Allegheny National Forest, Allegheny Plateau, Allegheny River, Allegheny River Lock and Dam No. 2, Allentown, Pennsylvania, Altoona Curve, Altoona, Pennsylvania, American Athletic Conference, American Baptist Churches USA, American black bear, American Civil War, American Geographical Society, American Hockey League, American Public Transportation Association, Amish, Amtrak, Appalachian Mountains, Appellate court, Arena Football League, Arnold Palmer, Art school, Articles of Confederation, Asian Americans, Association of American Universities, Association of Religion Data Archives, Atlantic Coast Conference, Atlantic coastal plain, Atlantic League of Professional Baseball, Auntie Anne's, Bank of North America, Barack Obama, Battle of Gettysburg, Beaver Stadium, Benjamin Franklin, Benjamin Rush, Bensalem Township, Pennsylvania, Berwick, Pennsylvania, Bethlehem Steel, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, Bicameralism, Big Ten Conference, Black church, ..., Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, Bob Casey Jr., Boone and Crockett Club, Borough (Pennsylvania), Boston Red Sox, Boyer (candy company), Brook trout, Bruderhof Communities, Calder Cup, Calvin Coolidge, Cameron County, Pennsylvania, Canada, Capitol Limited (Amtrak train), Carlisle, Pennsylvania, Carnegie Institution for Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh, Catholic Church, Center of population, Centralia, Pennsylvania, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, Charles II of England, Cheesesteak, Chester County, Pennsylvania, Chester, Pennsylvania, Chicago, Chief Justice, Chinese language, Chocolate chip cookie, Christmas tree, City chicken, Clarks Summit, Pennsylvania, College football national championships in NCAA Division I FBS, Comma-separated values, Commonwealth (U.S. state), Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania, Commonwealth System of Higher Education, Community colleges in the United States, Commuter rail, Conestoga wagon, Conneaut Lake Park, Connellsville, Pennsylvania, Conscience, Coordinated Universal Time, Coronilla, Council–manager government, County (United States), County commission, Creation Festival, Cuisine of the Pennsylvania Dutch, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Declaration of Rights and Grievances, Delaware, Delaware River, Delaware Valley, Delaware Water Gap, DelGrosso's Amusement Park, Delmarva Peninsula, Democratic Party (United States), Dickinson College, Dominic F. 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79, Interstate 80 in Pennsylvania, Interstate 81 in Pennsylvania, Interstate 90 in Pennsylvania, Iowa, Irish Americans, Irish potato candy, Iroquois, Irreligion, Italian Americans, Italian ice, Italian language, Ivy League, James Buchanan, James Carville, James Franklin (American football coach), James II of England, James Smith (frontiersman), Jay Costa, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jennerstown Speedway Complex, Jennerstown, Pennsylvania, Jim Furyk, Joe Scarnati, Joe Torsella, John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, John Dickinson, John Harris Sr., John Kerry, John McCain, Johnstown, Pennsylvania, Joseph Miller Huston, Josh Shapiro, Just Born, Kalmia latifolia, Köppen climate classification, Kennywood, Kentucky Derby, Keystone (architecture), Keystone Corridor, Keystone Service, King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, Knoebels Amusement Resort, La Salle University, Lafayette College, Lake Erie, Lake Erie Speedway, Lake Shore Limited, Lakemont Park, Lancaster Barnstormers, Lancaster County, 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of U.S. state songs, List of U.S. states and territories by area, List of U.S. states and territories by population, List of U.S. states and territories by population density, List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, Lists of U.S. state animals, Little League Baseball, Little League World Series, Lock (water navigation), Long Pond, Pennsylvania, Long rifle, Lottery, LOVE Park, Maine Historical Society, Mainline Protestant, Maize, Major League Baseball, Major League Soccer, Majority leader, Manheim Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Manufacturing, Mario Andretti, Mars, Incorporated, Martin's Famous Pastry Shoppe, Inc., Maryland, Mason–Dixon line, Massachusetts, Matanzas Province, Mayor–council government, McCandless, Pennsylvania, Medical school in the United States, Mennonites, Mexican Americans, Microsoft Excel, Mid-Atlantic (United States), Mike and Ike, Mike Stack, Mike Turzai, Military volunteer, Milk, Minor League Baseball, Minority leader, Modern Language Association, Mohegan Sun Pocono, Monongahela culture, Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series, Moosic, Pennsylvania, Moravian Church, Motocross, Mount Davis (Pennsylvania), Multiculturalism, Multiracial Americans, Musikfest, National Aviary, National Bank Act, National Basketball Association, National Football League, National Hockey League, National Hot Rod Association, National League, National Sea Grant College Program, National Space Grant College and Fellowship Program, Native Americans in the United States, Native Hawaiians, Nazareth Speedway, Nazareth, Pennsylvania, NBA G League, NCAA Division I, NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision, NCAA Division I Football Championship, NEARfest, Netherlands, New Amsterdam, New Castle, Delaware, New Jersey, New Netherland, New Sweden, New York (state), New York–Penn League, Non-Hispanic whites, North American Vertical Datum of 1988, North East, Pennsylvania, Northeast Corridor, Northeast Regional, Northeastern Pennsylvania, Northeastern United States, Northern United States, Oceana Publications, Ohio, Old Forge, Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, Old Order Amish, Old Order Mennonite, Ontario, Original jurisdiction, OurBus, Outline of Pennsylvania, Pacific Islander, Palatine German language, Parker, Pennsylvania, Parx Casino and Racing, Passenger rail terminology, Pat Narduzzi, Pat Toomey, Paxton Boys, Peeps, Penn FC, Penn National Race Course, Penn Quakers football, Penn Quakers men's basketball, Penn State Nittany Lions football, Penn Treaty Park, Pennsylvania (song), Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Pennsylvania Auditor General, Pennsylvania Code, Pennsylvania Constitution, Pennsylvania Democratic Party, Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, Pennsylvania Department of General Services, Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Pennsylvania Dutch, Pennsylvania Film Production Tax Credit, Pennsylvania General Assembly, Pennsylvania German language, Pennsylvania gubernatorial election, 2014, Pennsylvania House of Representatives, Pennsylvania House of Representatives election, 2016, Pennsylvania Lottery, Pennsylvania Manual, Pennsylvania Railroad 1361, Pennsylvania Railroad 3750, Pennsylvania Railroad 4859, Pennsylvania State Capitol, Pennsylvania State Senate, Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education, Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania Treasurer, Pennsylvania Turnpike, Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission, Pennsylvanian (train), Perry County, Pennsylvania, Petun, Phacops rana, Pharmacy school, Philadelphia, Philadelphia 76ers, Philadelphia Big 5, Philadelphia Business Journal, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia Eagles, Philadelphia Flyers, Philadelphia Folk Festival, Philadelphia International Airport, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia Phillies, Philadelphia Soul, Philadelphia Union, Philadelphia Zoo, Photuris pensylvanica, Piedmont (United States), Pierogi, Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh International Airport, Pittsburgh Panthers, Pittsburgh Panthers football, Pittsburgh Penguins, Pittsburgh Pirates, Pittsburgh Riverhounds SC, Pittsburgh Steelers, Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium, Pittston, Pennsylvania, Plain people, Plant nursery, PNC Financial Services, Poaching, Pocono Raceway, Polish Americans, Political freedom, Polka, Pontiac's War, Port Authority of Allegheny County, Port of Philadelphia, Pottsville, Pennsylvania, Power Five conferences, PPG Industries, Preakness Stakes, Presbyterian Church (USA), President pro tempore, Presque Isle Downs, Pretzel, Primanti Brothers, Professional Golfers' Association of America, Property tax, Protestantism, Province of New York, Province of Pennsylvania, Provinces and territories of Canada, Public university, Puerto Ricans in the United States, Quakers, Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, Reading Fightin Phils, Reading Royals, Reading, Pennsylvania, Referendum, Republican Party (United States), Republican State Committee of Pennsylvania, Rhône-Alpes, Rhode Island, Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, Ruffed grouse, Sales tax, Samuel H. Smith (politician), Sandcastle Waterpark, Sands Casino Resort Bethlehem, Sauerkraut, School district, Schwarzenau Brethren, Scranton, Pennsylvania, Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders, Scrapple, Seal of Pennsylvania, Second Continental Congress, SEPTA, Sesame Place, Shoofly pie, Shortline railroad, Silage, Skateboard, Skull, Slavery in the United States, Smarty Jones, Smithton, Pennsylvania, Snyder's of Hanover, Sod, Souderton, Pennsylvania, South Central Pennsylvania, South Williamsport, Pennsylvania, Southern United States, Spanish language, Splash Lagoon, St. Peter's Basilica, Stamp Act Congress, Standard Chinese, Stanley Cup, State College Spikes, State College, Pennsylvania, State income tax, Steam locomotive, Stephen Hills, Stromboli (food), Sturgis Pretzel House, Super Bowl, Superior Court of Pennsylvania, Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, Susquehanna River, Susquehannock, Swing state, Table game, Tamanend, Tastykake, Technical school, Telephone tapping, Temple Owls football, Temple University, The Meadows Racetrack and Casino, The New York Times, The Patriot-News, The Plain Dealer, The York Water Company, Theodore Roosevelt, Third Anglo-Dutch War, Thirteen Colonies, Thoroughbred horse racing, Titusville, Pennsylvania, Tockwogh, Tom Wolf, Township (Pennsylvania), Transit bus, Treaty of Breda (1667), Treaty of Paris (1783), Treaty of Westminster (1674), Trilobite, Triple-A (baseball), Tsuga canadensis, Twelve-Mile Circle, U.S. Open Cup, U.S. state, U.S. Steel, Union Army, United Church of Christ, United Methodist Church, United Soccer League, United States, United States Army Corps of Engineers, United States Census Bureau, United States Constitution, United States Declaration of Independence, United States Geological Survey, United States Government Publishing Office, United States House of Representatives, United States presidential election, 1960, United States presidential election, 1964, United States presidential election, 1968, United States presidential election, 1972, United States presidential election, 1976, United States presidential election, 1980, United States presidential election, 1984, United States presidential election, 1988, United States presidential election, 1992, United States presidential election, 1996, United States presidential election, 2000, United States presidential election, 2004, United States presidential election, 2008, United States presidential election, 2012, United States presidential election, 2016, United States Senate, United States soccer league system, University of Pennsylvania, University of Pittsburgh, University of the Sciences, University Park Airport, Upper Darby Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, USS Niagara (1813), Utah, Utz Quality Foods, Valley Forge National Historical Park, Villanova University, Virginia Company, Voltaire, Waldameer Park, Walmart, Warrant (law), Washington Wild Things, Washington, D.C., Weeks Act, Wells Fargo, West Central German, West Indian Americans, West Virginia, White Americans, White Hispanic and Latino Americans, White-tailed deer, Wilbur Chocolate Company, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport, Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins, William Penn, William Penn (Royal Navy officer), Williamsport Crosscutters, Williamsport, Pennsylvania, Wilmington, Delaware, Winemaking, Wisconsin, Wise Foods, World Series, Wyoming Valley, X Games, York Revolution, York, Pennsylvania, Yuengling, Zwaanendael Colony, 2010 United States Census, 30th Street Station, 42nd parallel north. 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Act of Consolidation, 1854

The Act of Consolidation, more formally known as the act of February 2, 1854 (P.L. 21, No. 16), is legislation of the Pennsylvania General Assembly that created the consolidated City and County of Philadelphia, expanding the city's territory to the entirety of Philadelphia County and dissolving the other municipal authorities in the county.

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Adam Smith

Adam Smith (16 June 1723 NS (5 June 1723 OS) – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era.

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Admiral

Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navies, and in many navies is the highest rank.

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African Americans

African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.

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African immigration to the United States

African immigration to the United States refers to immigrants to the United States who are or were nationals of modern African countries.

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Afro-Latin Americans

Afro-Latin Americans or Black Latin Americans refers to Latin American people of significant African ancestry.

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Alabama

Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Allegheny Mountain Tunnel

The Allegheny Mountain Tunnel is a vehicular tunnel carrying the Pennsylvania Turnpike through the Allegheny Mountains.

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Allegheny National Forest

The Allegheny National Forest is a National Forest in northwestern Pennsylvania.

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Allegheny Plateau

The Allegheny Plateau, in the United States, is a large dissected plateau area in western and central New York, northern and western Pennsylvania, northern and western West Virginia, and eastern Ohio.

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Allegheny River

The Allegheny River is a principal tributary of the Ohio River; it is located in the Eastern United States.

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Allegheny River Lock and Dam No. 2

The Allegheny River Lock and Dam No.

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Allentown, Pennsylvania

Allentown (Pennsylvania Dutch: Allenschteddel) is a city located in Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Altoona Curve

The Altoona Curve are a Minor League Baseball team based in Altoona, Pennsylvania, named after nearby Horseshoe Curve (but also alluding to the curveball, a kind of pitch).

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Altoona, Pennsylvania

Altoona is a city in Blair County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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American Athletic Conference

The American Athletic Conference (also known as The American and sometimes abbreviated AAC) is an American collegiate athletic conference, featuring 12 member universities and six associate member universities that compete in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's (NCAA) Division I, with its football teams competing in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS).

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American Baptist Churches USA

The American Baptist Churches USA (ABCUSA) is a Baptist Christian denomination within the United States.

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American black bear

The American black bear (Ursus americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America.

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American Civil War

The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.

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American Geographical Society

The American Geographical Society (AGS) is an organization of professional geographers, founded in 1851 in New York City.

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American Hockey League

The American Hockey League (AHL) is a 31-team professional ice hockey league based in the United States and Canada that serves as the primary developmental league for the National Hockey League (NHL).

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American Public Transportation Association

The American Public Transportation Association (APTA), formerly known as the American Public Transit Association, is a nonprofit organization which serves as an advocate for the advancement of public transportation programs and initiatives in the United States.

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Amish

The Amish (Pennsylvania German: Amisch, Amische) are a group of traditionalist Christian church fellowships with Swiss German Anabaptist origins.

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Amtrak

The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a passenger railroad service that provides medium- and long-distance intercity service in the contiguous United States and to three Canadian cities.

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Appalachian Mountains

The Appalachian Mountains (les Appalaches), often called the Appalachians, are a system of mountains in eastern North America.

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Appellate court

An appellate court, commonly called an appeals court, court of appeals (American English), appeal court (British English), court of second instance or second instance court, is any court of law that is empowered to hear an appeal of a trial court or other lower tribunal.

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Arena Football League

The Arena Football League (AFL) is a professional indoor American football league in the United States.

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Arnold Palmer

Arnold Daniel Palmer (September 10, 1929 – September 25, 2016) was an American professional golfer who is generally regarded as one of the greatest and most charismatic players in the sport's history.

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Art school

An art school is an educational institution with a primary focus on the visual arts, including fine art, especially illustration, painting, photography, sculpture, and graphic design.

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Articles of Confederation

The Articles of Confederation, formally the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, was an agreement among the 13 original states of the United States of America that served as its first constitution.

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Asian Americans

Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent.

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Association of American Universities

The Association of American Universities (AAU) is a binational organization of leading research universities devoted to maintaining a strong system of academic research and education.

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Association of Religion Data Archives

The Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) is a free source of online information related to American and international religion.

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Atlantic Coast Conference

The Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) is a collegiate athletic conference in the United States of America in which its fifteen member universities compete in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA)'s Division I, with its football teams competing in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), the highest levels for athletic competition in US-based collegiate sports.

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Atlantic coastal plain

The Atlantic coastal plain is a physiographic region of low relief along the East Coast of the United States.

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Atlantic League of Professional Baseball

The Atlantic League of Professional Baseball is a professional, independent baseball league located primarily in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern United States, especially the greater metropolitan areas of the Northeast megalopolis, with one team located in Texas.

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Auntie Anne's

Auntie Anne's, based in Lancaster, is an American chain of pretzel shops founded by Anne Beiler and her husband, Jonas, in 1988.

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Bank of North America

The President, Directors, and Company, of the Bank of North America, commonly known as the Bank of North America, was a private bank first adopted on May 26, 1781 by the Confederation Congress, chartered on December 31, 1781 and opened in Philadelphia on January 7, 1782.

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Barack Obama

Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.

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Battle of Gettysburg

The Battle of Gettysburg (with an sound) was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War.

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Beaver Stadium

Beaver Stadium is an outdoor college football stadium in University Park, Pennsylvania, United States, on the campus of Pennsylvania State University.

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Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin (April 17, 1790) was an American polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

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Benjamin Rush

Benjamin Rush (– April 19, 1813) was a Founding Father of the United States.

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Bensalem Township, Pennsylvania

Bensalem Township is a township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States which borders the northeast section of Philadelphia.

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Berwick, Pennsylvania

Berwick is a borough in Columbia County, Pennsylvania, United States, southwest of Wilkes Barre.

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Bethlehem Steel

The Bethlehem Steel Corporation (commonly called Bethlehem Steel) was a steel and shipbuilding company that began operations in 1904 and was America's second-largest steel producer and largest shipbuilder.

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Bethlehem, Pennsylvania

Bethlehem is a city in Lehigh and Northampton counties in the Lehigh Valley region of the eastern portion of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.

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Bicameralism

A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.

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Big Ten Conference

The Big Ten Conference (B1G), formerly Western Conference and Big Nine Conference, is the oldest Division I collegiate athletic conference in the United States.

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Black church

The term black church or African-American church refers to Protestant churches that currently or historically have ministered to predominantly black congregations in the United States.

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Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania

Bloomsburg is a town in Columbia County, Pennsylvania, United States, located southwest of Wilkes-Barre along the Susquehanna River.

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Bob Casey Jr.

Robert Patrick Casey Jr. (born April 13, 1960) is an American attorney and politician who is currently the senior United States Senator from Pennsylvania.

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Boone and Crockett Club

The Boone and Crockett Club is an American nonprofit organization that advocates fair chase hunting in support of habitat conservation.

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Borough (Pennsylvania)

In the U.S. commonwealth of Pennsylvania, a borough (sometimes spelled boro) is a self-governing municipal entity, best thought of as a town, usually smaller than a city, but with a similar population density in its residential areas.

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Boston Red Sox

The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Boston, Massachusetts.

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Boyer (candy company)

Boyer is a candy company located in Altoona, Pennsylvania.

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Brook trout

The brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) is a species of freshwater fish in the salmon family Salmonidae.

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Bruderhof Communities

The Bruderhof (place of brothers) is a Christian movement that practices community of goods after the example of the first church described in Acts 2 and Acts 4.

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Calder Cup

The Calder Cup is the trophy awarded annually to the champions of the American Hockey League.

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Calvin Coolidge

John Calvin Coolidge Jr. (July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933) was an American politician and the 30th President of the United States (1923–1929).

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Cameron County, Pennsylvania

Cameron County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.

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Canada

Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Capitol Limited (Amtrak train)

The Capitol Limited is one of two Amtrak trains connecting Washington, D.C., to Chicago, running via Pittsburgh and Cleveland (the other is the Cardinal via Cincinnati and Indianapolis).

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Carlisle, Pennsylvania

Carlisle is a borough in and the county seat of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Carnegie Institution for Science

The Carnegie Institution of Washington (the organization's legal name), known also for public purposes as the Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), is an organization in the United States established to fund and perform scientific research.

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Carnegie Mellon University

Carnegie Mellon University (commonly known as CMU) is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh

Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh are four museums that are operated by the Carnegie Institute headquartered in the Carnegie Institute complex in the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Center of population

In demographics, the center of population (or population center) of a region is a geographical point that describes a centerpoint of the region's population.

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Centralia, Pennsylvania

Centralia is a borough and near-ghost town in Columbia County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Chambersburg, Pennsylvania

Chambersburg is a borough in and the county seat of Franklin County, in the South Central region of Pennsylvania, United States.

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Charles II of England

Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.

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Cheesesteak

A cheesesteak, also known as a Philadelphia cheesesteak, Philly cheesesteak, cheesesteak sandwich, cheese steak, or steak and cheese, is a sandwich made from thinly sliced pieces of beefsteak and melted cheese in a long hoagie roll.

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Chester County, Pennsylvania

Chester County (Chesco) is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.

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Chester, Pennsylvania

Chester is a city in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Chicago

Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.

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Chief Justice

The Chief Justice is the presiding member of a supreme court in any of many countries with a justice system based on English common law, such as the Supreme Court of Bangladesh, the Supreme Court of Canada, the Supreme Court of Singapore, the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong, the Supreme Court of Japan, the Supreme Court of India, the Supreme Court of Pakistan, the Supreme Court of Nigeria, the Supreme Court of Nepal, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the Supreme Court of Ireland, the Supreme Court of New Zealand, the High Court of Australia, the Supreme Court of the United States, and provincial or state supreme courts.

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Chinese language

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.

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Chocolate chip cookie

A chocolate chip cookie is a drop cookie that originated in the United States and features chocolate chips (small morsels of sweetened chocolate) as its distinguishing ingredient.

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Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

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Christmas tree

A Christmas tree is a decorated tree, usually an evergreen conifer such as spruce, pine, or fir or an artificial tree of similar appearance, associated with the celebration of Christmas.

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City chicken

City chicken is an entrée consisting of cubes of meat, which have been placed on a wooden skewer (approximately 4–5 inches long), then fried and/or baked.

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Clarks Summit, Pennsylvania

Clarks Summit is a borough in Lackawanna County northwest of Scranton in northeastern Pennsylvania, United States.

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College football national championships in NCAA Division I FBS

A national championship in the highest level of college football in the United States, currently the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), is a designation awarded annually by various organizations to their selection of the best college football team.

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Comma-separated values

In computing, a comma-separated values (CSV) file is a delimited text file that uses a comma to separate values.

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Commonwealth (U.S. state)

Commonwealth is a designation used by four of the 50 states of the United States in their full official state names: Kentucky, Massachusetts,, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.

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Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania

The Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania is one of Pennsylvania's two intermediate appellate courts.

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Commonwealth System of Higher Education

The Commonwealth System of Higher Education is a statutory designation by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania that confers "state-related" status on four universities located within the state.

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Community colleges in the United States

In the United States, community colleges (once commonly called junior colleges) are primarily two-year public institutions of tertiary education.

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Commuter rail

Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre and middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters—people who travel on a daily basis.

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Conestoga wagon

The Conestoga wagon is a heavy, covered wagon that was used extensively during the late eighteenth century, and the nineteenth century, in the eastern United States and Canada.

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Conneaut Lake Park

Conneaut Lake Park is a summer resort and amusement park, located in Conneaut Lake, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Connellsville, Pennsylvania

Connellsville is a city in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, United States, southeast of Pittsburgh on the Youghiogheny River, a tributary of the Monongahela River.

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Conscience

Conscience is an aptitude, faculty, intuition or judgment that assists in distinguishing right from wrong.

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Coordinated Universal Time

No description.

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Coronilla

The genus Coronilla contains about 20 species of flowering plants native to Europe and North Africa.

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Council–manager government

The council–manager government form is one of two predominant forms of local government in the United States and Ireland, the other being the mayor–council government form.

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County (United States)

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority.

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County commission

A county commission (also known as a board of county commissioners) is a group of elected officials charged with administering the county government in some states of the United States.

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Creation Festival

Creation Festival (officially "Creation Festivals") consists of two annual, four-day Christian music festivals held in the United States, called Creation Northeast and Creation Northwest.

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Cuisine of the Pennsylvania Dutch

Pennsylvania Dutch cuisine is the typical and traditional fare of the Pennsylvania Dutch.

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Dauphin County, Pennsylvania

Dauphin County is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.

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Declaration of Rights and Grievances

The Declaration of Rights and Grievances was a document written by the Stamp Act Congress and passed on October 14, 1765.

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Delaware

Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.

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Delaware River

The Delaware River is a major river on the Atlantic coast of the United States.

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Delaware Valley

The Delaware Valley is the valley through which the Delaware River flows.

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Delaware Water Gap

The Delaware Water Gap is a water gap on the border of the U.S. states of New Jersey and Pennsylvania where the Delaware River cuts through a large ridge of the Appalachian Mountains.

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DelGrosso's Amusement Park

DelGrosso's Park is a family-oriented amusement park located in Tipton, Pennsylvania, a northern suburb of Altoona, Pennsylvania.

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Delmarva Peninsula

The Delmarva Peninsula, or simply Delmarva, is a large peninsula on the East Coast of the United States, occupied by most of Delaware as well as the Eastern Shore of Maryland and the Eastern Shore of Virginia.

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Democratic Party (United States)

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).

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Dickinson College

Dickinson College is a private, residential liberal arts college in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Dominic F. Pileggi

Dominic F. Pileggi is an American politician from Pennsylvania who served as Republican mayor of Chester, Pennsylvania from 1999 to 2002, as a member of the Pennsylvania 9th Senatorial district from 2002 until January 2016.

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Dominican Americans

Dominican Americans (domínico-americanos, norteamericanos de origen dominicano or estadounidenses de origen dominicano) are Americans who trace their ancestry to the Dominican Republic.

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Donald Trump

Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017.

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Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom

Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom is an amusement and water park owned and operated by Cedar Fair and located in between Allentown, Pennsylvania and Emmaus, Pennsylvania.

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Double-A (baseball)

Double-A (or Class AA) is the second highest level of play in Minor League Baseball (MiLB) in the United States after Triple-A. There are thirty Double-A teams in three leagues at this classification: Eastern League, Southern League, and the Texas League.

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Downtown Pittsburgh

Downtown Pittsburgh, colloquially referred to as the Golden Triangle, and officially the Central Business District, is the urban downtown center of Pittsburgh.

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Duncannon, Pennsylvania

Duncannon is a borough in Perry County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Dunmore, Pennsylvania

Dunmore is a borough in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, adjoining Scranton.

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Dutch Wonderland

Dutch Wonderland is a amusement park just east of Lancaster, Pennsylvania in East Lampeter Township, appealing primarily to families with small children.

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Early American currency

Early American currency went through several stages of development in colonial and post-Revolutionary history of the United States.

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East Keating Township, Clinton County, Pennsylvania

East Keating Township is a township in Clinton County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Eastern League (baseball)

The Eastern League is a Minor League Baseball league, which operates primarily in the northeastern United States, although it has had a team in Ohio since 1989.

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Eastern Orthodox Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.

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Eastern Time Zone

The Eastern Time Zone (ET) is a time zone encompassing 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States, parts of eastern Canada, the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico, Panama in Central America, and the Caribbean Islands.

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Easton, Pennsylvania

Easton is a city in and the county seat of Northampton County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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ECHL

The ECHL (formerly the East Coast Hockey League) is a mid-level professional ice hockey league based in Princeton, New Jersey, with teams scattered across the United States and two franchises in Canada.

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Ed Rendell

Edward Gene Rendell (born January 5, 1944) is an American lawyer, politician, and author who, as a member of the Democratic Party, served as the 45th Governor of Pennsylvania from 2003 to 2011 and the Mayor of the City of Philadelphia from 1992 to 2000.

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Edwin Drake

Edwin Laurentine Drake (March 29, 1819 – November 9, 1880), also known as Colonel Drake, was an American businessman and the first American to successfully drill for oil.

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Egg as food

Eggs are laid by female animals of many different species, including birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, and fish, and have been eaten by humans for thousands of years.

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Electoral college

An electoral college is a set of electors who are selected to elect a candidate to a particular office.

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Electric locomotive

An electric locomotive is a locomotive powered by electricity from overhead lines, a third rail or on-board energy storage such as a battery or a supercapacitor.

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English Americans

English Americans, also referred to as Anglo-Americans, are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England, a country that is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Erie BayHawks (2017–)

The Erie BayHawks are an American professional basketball team of the NBA G League and an affiliate of the Atlanta Hawks of the National Basketball Association.

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Erie County, Pennsylvania

Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.

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Erie International Airport

Erie International Airport Tom Ridge Field is a public airport five miles (8 km) southwest of Erie, in Erie County.

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Erie people

The Erie people (also Erieehronon, Eriechronon, Riquéronon, Erielhonan, Eriez, Nation du Chat) were a Native American people historically living on the south shore of Lake Erie.

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Erie Plain

The Erie Plain is a lacustrine plain that borders Lake Erie in North America.

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Erie SeaWolves

The Erie SeaWolves are an American professional baseball team based in Erie, Pennsylvania.

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Erie Triangle

The Erie Triangle is a roughly 300-square-mile tract of American land that was the subject of several competing colonial-era claims and which was eventually acquired by the U.S. federal government and sold to Pennsylvania so that the state would have access to a freshwater port on Lake Erie.

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Erie Zoo

The Erie Zoo (formally Erie Zoological Park and Botanical Garden of Northwestern Pennsylvania), is a zoological park in Erie, Pennsylvania.

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Erie, Pennsylvania

Erie is a city in and the county seat of Erie County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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ESPN

ESPN (originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is a U.S.-based global cable and satellite sports television channel owned by ESPN Inc., a joint venture owned by The Walt Disney Company (80%) and Hearst Communications (20%).

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Eugene DePasquale

Eugene Anthony DePasquale (born August 3, 1971) is a Democratic politician who is serving as the Pennsylvania Auditor General.

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Evangelical and Reformed Church

The Evangelical and Reformed Church (E&R), also referred to as the German Reformed Church, was a Protestant Christian denomination in the United States.

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Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) is a mainline Protestant denomination headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.

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Evangelicalism

Evangelicalism, evangelical Christianity, or evangelical Protestantism, is a worldwide, crossdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity which maintains the belief that the essence of the Gospel consists of the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.

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Export

The term export means sending of goods or services produced in one country to another country.

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Farm (revenue leasing)

Farming is a technique of financial management, namely the process of commuting (changing), by its assignment by legal contract to a third party, a future uncertain revenue stream into fixed and certain periodic rents, in consideration for which commutation a discount in value received is suffered.

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Farmington, Pennsylvania

Farmington is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Wharton Township, Fayette County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Fasnacht (doughnut)

Fasnacht (also spelled fastnacht, faschnacht, fosnot, fosnaught, fausnaught) is an fried doughnut of German origin served traditionally in the days of Carnival and Fastnacht or on Shrove Tuesday, the day before Lent starts.

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Firefly

The Lampyridae are a family of insects in the beetle order Coleoptera.

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First Continental Congress

The First Continental Congress was a meeting of delegates from twelve of the Thirteen Colonies who met from September 5 to October 26, 1774, at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, early in the American Revolution.

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First language

A first language, native language or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.

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First university in the United States

First university in the United States is a status asserted by more than one U.S. university.

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Flag and coat of arms of Pennsylvania

The coat of arms of Pennsylvania is an official emblem of the state, alongside the seal and state flag, and was adopted in 1778.

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Flue

A flue is a duct, pipe, or opening in a chimney for conveying exhaust gases from a fireplace, furnace, water heater, boiler, or generator to the outdoors.

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Fort Casimir

Fort Casimir was a Dutch fort in the seventeenth-century colony of New Netherland.

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Fort Christina

Fort Christina (also called Fort Altena) was the first Swedish settlement in North America and the principal settlement of the New Sweden colony.

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Fortune 500

The Fortune 500 is an annual list compiled and published by Fortune magazine that ranks 500 of the largest United States corporations by total revenue for their respective fiscal years.

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Founding Fathers of the United States

The Founding Fathers of the United States led the American Revolution against the Kingdom of Great Britain.

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Frame of Government of Pennsylvania

The Frame of Government of Pennsylvania was a constitution for the Province of Pennsylvania, a proprietary colony granted to William Penn by Charles II of England.

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Frank Dermody

Frank Dermody (born May 29, 1951) is a Democratic member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, representing the 33rd Legislative District since 1991.

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Franklin County, Pennsylvania

Franklin County is a county located in South Central Pennsylvania.

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Frederick Muhlenberg

Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg (January 1, 1750 – June 4, 1801) was a German American minister and politician who was the first Speaker of the United States House of Representatives.

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Freedom of religion

Freedom of religion is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or community, in public or private, to manifest religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance without government influence or intervention.

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French Canadians

French Canadians (also referred to as Franco-Canadians or Canadiens; Canadien(ne)s français(es)) are an ethnic group who trace their ancestry to French colonists who settled in Canada from the 17th century onward.

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Frito-Lay

Frito-Lay, Inc. is an American subsidiary of PepsiCo that manufactures, markets, and sells corn chips, potato chips, and other snack foods.

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Frontier League

The Frontier League is a professional, independent baseball organization located in the Midwestern United States.

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Fungiculture

Fungiculture is the process of producing food, medicine, and other products by the cultivation of mushrooms and other fungi.

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Gallup (company)

Gallup, Inc. is an American research-based, global performance-management consulting company.

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GE Transportation

GE Transportation, formerly known as GE Rail, is a division of General Electric.

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George Carteret

Vice Admiral Sir George Carteret, 1st Baronet (161018 January 1680 N.S.), son of Elias de Carteret, was a royalist statesman in Jersey and England, who served in the Clarendon Ministry as Treasurer of the Navy.

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George W. Bush

George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.

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George Washington

George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.

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German Americans

German Americans (Deutschamerikaner) are Americans who have full or partial German ancestry.

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German language

German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.

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Gertrude Hawk Chocolates

Gertrude Hawk Chocolates is a chocolate company based in Dunmore, Pennsylvania.

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Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

Gettysburg is a borough and the county seat of Adams County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.

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Godiva Chocolatier

Godiva Chocolatier is a Belgian manufacturer of chocolates and related products.

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Grantville, Pennsylvania

Grantville is an unincorporated community in East Hanover Township Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Grape juice

Grape juice is obtained from crushing and blending grapes into a liquid.

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Great Allentown Fair

The Great Allentown Fair is an annual fair and agricultural show that is held at the Allentown Fairgrounds in Allentown, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania.

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Great Dane

The Great Dane is a German breed of domestic dog known for its giant size.

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Great Lakes

The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.

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Great Wolf Resorts

Great Wolf Resorts is a chain of indoor water parks.

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Greater Pittston

Greater Pittston is a 65.35 sq mi (169.25 km²) region in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, in reference to the area in and around Pittston.

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Green Party of the United States

The Green Party of the United States (GPUS) is a green federation of political parties in the United States.

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Gross regional domestic product

Gross regional domestic product (GRDP) or gross domestic product of region (GDPR) is a subnational gross domestic product for measuring the size of that region's economy.

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Hanover, Pennsylvania

Hanover is a borough in York County, Pennsylvania, southwest of York and north-northwest of Baltimore, Maryland and is north of the Mason-Dixon line.

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Harness racing

Harness racing is a form of horse racing in which the horses race at a specific gait (a trot or a pace).

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Harrah's Philadelphia

Harrah's Philadelphia Casino & Racetrack is a racino on the Chester, Pennsylvania waterfront.

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Harrisburg International Airport

Harrisburg International Airport is a public airport in Lower Swatara Township, Pennsylvania, nine miles (15 km) southeast of Harrisburg.

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Harrisburg Senators

The Harrisburg Senators are a Minor League Baseball team of the Eastern League and the Double-A affiliate of the Washington Nationals.

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Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

Harrisburg (Pennsylvania German: Harrisbarrig) is the capital city of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and the county seat of Dauphin County.

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Hazleton, Pennsylvania

Hazleton is a city in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Heinz

The H. J. Heinz Company, or Heinz, is an American food processing company with world headquarters in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Heinz Field

Heinz Field is a stadium located in the North Shore neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Henry Ives Cobb

Henry Ives Cobb (August 19, 1859 – March 27, 1931) was an architect from the United States.

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Herr's Snacks

Herr's is a Nottingham, Pennsylvania-based brand of potato chips and other snack foods.

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Hershey Bears

The Hershey Bears are an American professional ice hockey team based in Hershey, Pennsylvania.

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Hershey, Pennsylvania

Hershey is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Derry Township, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Hersheypark

Hersheypark (known as Hershey Park until 1970) is a family theme park situated in Hershey, Derry Township, Pennsylvania, United States, about east of Harrisburg, and west of Philadelphia.

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Hispanic and Latino Americans

Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans (Estadounidenses hispanos) are people in the United States who are descendants of people from countries of Latin America and Spain.

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Home rule

Home rule is government of a colony, dependent country, or region by its own citizens.

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Honeycomb toffee

Honeycomb toffee, sponge toffee, cinder toffee or hokey pokey is a sugary toffee with a light, rigid, sponge-like texture.

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Hot Tamales

Hot Tamales is a chewy, cinnamon flavored, oblong-shaped candy introduced in 1950 — manufactured and marketed in the United States by Just Born, a family-owned, Pennsylvania-based candy company.

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Houdini Museum

The Houdini Museum is located at Scranton, Pennsylvania.

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Human migration

Human migration is the movement by people from one place to another with the intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily in a new location.

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Humid continental climate

A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold in the northern areas) winters.

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Humid subtropical climate

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.

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Hunting

Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping animals, or pursuing or tracking them with the intent of doing so.

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Idlewild and Soak Zone

Idlewild and Soak Zone, commonly known as Idlewild Park or simply Idlewild, is a children's amusement park situated in the Laurel Highlands near Ligonier, Pennsylvania, United States, about east of Pittsburgh, along US Route 30.

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Immigration to the United States

Immigration to the United States is the international movement of individuals who are not natives or do not possess citizenship in order to settle, reside, study, or work in the country.

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Income tax

An income tax is a tax imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) that varies with respective income or profits (taxable income).

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Independence Hall

Independence Hall is the building where both the United States Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution were debated and adopted.

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Index of Pennsylvania-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the United States Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

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Indiana

Indiana is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America.

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IndyCar Series

The IndyCar Series, currently known as the Verizon IndyCar Series for title sponsorship reasons, is the premier level of open-wheel racing in North America.

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Inland port

An inland port is a port on an inland waterway, such as a river, lake, or canal, which may or may not be connected to the ocean.

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Intelligencer Journal

The Intelligencer Journal, known locally as the Intell, was the daily, morning newspaper published by Lancaster Newspapers, Inc in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

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International League

The International League (IL) is a Minor League Baseball league that operates in the eastern United States and is headquartered in Dublin, Ohio.

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Interstate 476

Interstate 476 (I-476) is a auxiliary Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania designated between Interstate 95 near Chester and Interstate 81 near Scranton, serving as the primary north–south Interstate corridor through eastern Pennsylvania.

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Interstate 79

Interstate 79 (abbreviated I-79) is an Interstate Highway in the eastern United States, designated from Interstate 77 in Charleston, West Virginia to Pennsylvania Route 5 and Pennsylvania Route 290 in Erie, Pennsylvania.

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Interstate 80 in Pennsylvania

The transcontinental Interstate 80 (I-80) is designated across northern Pennsylvania as the Keystone Shortway, officially the Z.H. Confair Memorial Highway.

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Interstate 81 in Pennsylvania

Interstate 81 is an north–south Interstate Highway, stretching from Dandridge, Tennessee to Fisher's Landing, New York at the United States/Canadian border.

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Interstate 90 in Pennsylvania

Within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, Interstate 90 spans, all within Erie County, from the Ohio border near West Springfield to the New York border near North East.

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Iowa

Iowa is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri and Big Sioux rivers to the west.

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Irish Americans

Irish Americans (Gael-Mheiriceánaigh) are an ethnic group comprising Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Ireland, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics.

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Irish potato candy

Irish potato candy is a traditional Philadelphia confection that, despite its name, is not from Ireland, and does not usually contain any potato.

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Iroquois

The Iroquois or Haudenosaunee (People of the Longhouse) are a historically powerful northeast Native American confederacy.

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Irreligion

Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.

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Italian Americans

Italian Americans (italoamericani or italo-americani) are an ethnic group consisting of Americans who have ancestry from Italy.

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Italian ice

Italian ice is a sweetened frozen dessert made with fruit (often from concentrates, juices or purées) or other natural or artificial food flavorings, similar to sorbet.

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Italian language

Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.

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Ivy League

The Ivy League is a collegiate athletic conference comprising sports teams from eight private universities in the Northeastern United States.

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James Buchanan

James Buchanan Jr. (April 23, 1791June 1, 1868) was an American politician who served as the 15th President of the United States (1857–61), serving immediately prior to the American Civil War.

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James Carville

Chester James Carville Jr. (born October 25, 1944) is an American political commentator and media personality who is a prominent figure in the Democratic Party.

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James Franklin (American football coach)

James Geoffrey Franklin (born February 2, 1972) is an American football coach and former player.

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James II of England

James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701An assertion found in many sources that James II died 6 September 1701 (17 September 1701 New Style) may result from a miscalculation done by an author of anonymous "An Exact Account of the Sickness and Death of the Late King James II, as also of the Proceedings at St. Germains thereupon, 1701, in a letter from an English gentleman in France to his friend in London" (Somers Tracts, ed. 1809–1815, XI, pp. 339–342). The account reads: "And on Friday the 17th instant, about three in the afternoon, the king died, the day he always fasted in memory of our blessed Saviour's passion, the day he ever desired to die on, and the ninth hour, according to the Jewish account, when our Saviour was crucified." As 17 September 1701 New Style falls on a Saturday and the author insists that James died on Friday, "the day he ever desired to die on", an inevitable conclusion is that the author miscalculated the date, which later made it to various reference works. See "English Historical Documents 1660–1714", ed. by Andrew Browning (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), 136–138.) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.

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James Smith (frontiersman)

James Smith (November 26, 1737 – April 11, 1813) was a frontiersman, farmer and soldier in British North America.

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Jay Costa

Jay Costa is a Democratic member of the Pennsylvania State Senate who has represented the 43rd District since 1996.

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Jehovah's Witnesses

Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.

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Jennerstown Speedway Complex

Jennerstown Speedway Complex is a racetrack in Jennerstown, Pennsylvania.

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Jennerstown, Pennsylvania

Jennerstown is a borough in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Jim Furyk

James Michael Furyk (born May 12, 1970) is an American professional golfer who plays on the PGA Tour.

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Joe Scarnati

Joseph B. Scarnati III (born January 2, 1962) is an American politician from the U.S. State of Pennsylvania.

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Joe Torsella

Joseph M. Torsella (born October 8, 1963) is the Pennsylvania State Treasurer for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

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John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton

John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton (1602 – 26 August 1678) was an English royalist soldier, politician and diplomat, of the Bruton branch of the Berkeley family.

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John Dickinson

John Dickinson (November 8, 1732 – February 14, 1808), a Founding Father of the United States, was a solicitor and politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Wilmington, Delaware known as the "Penman of the Revolution" for his twelve Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania, published individually in 1767 and 1768.

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John Harris Sr.

John Harris Sr. (1673 – December 1748) emigrated from Britain to America late in the 17th century.

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John Kerry

John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is an American politician who served as the 68th United States Secretary of State from 2013 to 2017.

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John McCain

John Sidney McCain III (born August 29, 1936) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Arizona, a seat he was first elected to in 1986.

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Johnstown, Pennsylvania

Johnstown is a city in Cambria County, Pennsylvania, United States, west-southwest of Altoona and east of Pittsburgh.

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Joseph Miller Huston

Joseph Miller Huston (February 23, 1866 – 1940) was an architect notable for designing the third (and current) Pennsylvania State Capitol in Harrisburg.

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Josh Shapiro

Josh Shapiro (born June 20, 1973) is an American politician from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

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Just Born

Just Born is a family-owned Bethlehem, Pennsylvania-based candy company that manufactures and markets a number of candies including Goldenberg's Peanut Chews, Hot Tamales, Mike and Ike, Peeps, Teenee Beanee jelly beans, and Zours.

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Kalmia latifolia

Kalmia latifolia, commonly called mountain laurel, calico-bush, or spoonwood, is a broadleaved evergreen shrub in the heather family, Ericaceae, that is native to the eastern United States.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Kennywood

Kennywood is an amusement park located in West Mifflin, Pennsylvania.

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Kentucky Derby

The Kentucky Derby, is a horse race that is held annually in Louisville, Kentucky, United States, on the first Saturday in May, capping the two-week-long Kentucky Derby Festival.

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Keystone (architecture)

A keystone (also known as capstone) is the wedge-shaped stone piece at the apex of a masonry arch, or the generally round one at the apex of a vault.

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Keystone Corridor

The Keystone Corridor is a 349-mile (562 km) railroad corridor between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, that consists of two rail lines: Amtrak's Philadelphia-to-Harrisburg main line, which also hosts SEPTA's Paoli/Thorndale Line commuter rail service; and the Norfolk Southern Pittsburgh Line.

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Keystone Service

Amtrak's Keystone Service provides frequent regional rail passenger train service along the Amtrak Philadelphia to Harrisburg Main Line between the Harrisburg Transportation Center in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania and 30th Street Station in Philadelphia.

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King of Prussia, Pennsylvania

King of Prussia (also referred to as KOP) is a census-designated place in Upper Merion Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Knoebels Amusement Resort

Knoebels Amusement Resort is a family-owned and operated amusement park, picnic grove, and campground in Elysburg, Pennsylvania.

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La Salle University

La Salle University is a private, co-educational, Roman Catholic university located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Lafayette College

Lafayette College is a private liberal arts college based in Easton, Pennsylvania, with a campus in New York City, New York.

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Lake Erie

Lake Erie is the fourth-largest lake (by surface area) of the five Great Lakes in North America, and the eleventh-largest globally if measured in terms of surface area.

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Lake Erie Speedway

Lake Erie Speedway is a 3/8 mile (0.6 km) paved, banked oval race track which opened on June 21, 2002 in Erie County, Pennsylvania south of North East, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Lake Shore Limited

The Lake Shore Limited is an overnight Amtrak passenger train service between Chicago and the Northeastern United States.

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Lakemont Park

Lakemont Park, located in Altoona, Pennsylvania, houses the world's oldest-surviving roller coaster, the Leap-The-Dips.

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Lancaster Barnstormers

The Lancaster Barnstormers are an American professional baseball team based in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

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Lancaster County, Pennsylvania

Lancaster County, (Pennsylvania German: Lengeschder Kaundi) sometimes nicknamed the Garden Spot of America or Pennsylvania Dutch Country, is a county located in the south central part of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

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Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Lancaster is a city located in South Central Pennsylvania which serves as the seat of Pennsylvania's Lancaster County and one of the oldest inland towns in the United States.

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Land grant

A land grant is a gift of real estate – land or its use privileges – made by a government or other authority as an incentive, means of enabling works, or as a reward for services to an individual, especially in return for military service.

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Land-grant university

A land-grant university (also called land-grant college or land-grant institution) is an institution of higher education in the United States designated by a state to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890.

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Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Latrobe, Pennsylvania

Latrobe is a city in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania in the United States and part of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area.

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Lebanon, Pennsylvania

Lebanon is a city in and the county seat of Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Lehigh University

Lehigh University is an American private research university in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.

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Lehigh Valley

The Lehigh Valley, known officially by the United States Census Bureau and the United States Office of Management and Budget as the Allentown–Bethlehem–Easton, PA–NJ Metropolitan Statistical Area and referred to colloquially as The Valley, is a metropolitan region officially consisting of Carbon, Lehigh and Northampton counties in eastern Pennsylvania and Warren county on the western edge of New Jersey, in the Eastern United States.

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Lehigh Valley International Airport

Lehigh Valley International Airport (formerly Allentown–Bethlehem–Easton International Airport) is a public airport in Hanover Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania.

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Lehigh Valley IronPigs

The Lehigh Valley IronPigs are a Minor League Baseball team that plays in the International League.

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Lehigh Valley Phantoms

The Lehigh Valley Phantoms are a professional ice hockey team in the American Hockey League (AHL) based in Allentown, Pennsylvania, and play out of the PPL Center.

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Lehigh Valley Zoo

The Lehigh Valley Zoo is a zoo located in Schnecksville, Pennsylvania, United States, inside the Trexler Nature Preserve.

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Lehighton, Pennsylvania

Lehighton (/li'hɑitən/) is a borough in Carbon County, Pennsylvania, United States, north of Philadelphia, and south of Scranton.

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Lenape

The Lenape, also called the Leni Lenape, Lenni Lenape and Delaware people, are an indigenous people of the Northeastern Woodlands, who live in Canada and the United States.

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Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania

Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania is a series of essays written by the Pennsylvania lawyer and legislator John Dickinson (1732–1808) and published under the name "A Farmer" from 1767 to 1768.

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Lewes, Delaware

Lewes is an incorporated city on the Delaware Bay in eastern Sussex County, Delaware.

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Libertarian Party (United States)

The Libertarian Party (LP) is a libertarian political party in the United States that promotes civil liberties, non-interventionism, laissez-faire capitalism and shrinking the size and scope of government.

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Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania

The lieutenant governor is a constitutional officer of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

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Light rail

Light rail, light rail transit (LRT), or fast tram is a form of urban rail transport using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.

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List of cities in Pennsylvania

This is a list of cities in Pennsylvania, of which there are 57.

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List of Governors of Pennsylvania

The Governor of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is the head of the executive branch of Pennsylvania's state government and serves as the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.

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List of Pennsylvania Attorneys General

The Pennsylvania Attorney General is the chief law enforcement officer of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

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List of Pennsylvania state parks

There are 121 state parks in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, as of 2016.

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List of preserved historic blast furnaces

This list of preserved historic blast furnaces contains decommissioned blast furnaces, of which substantial remains survive.

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List of Speakers of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives

The speaker of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives holds the oldest statewide elected office in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

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List of U.S. state and territory flowers

This is a list of U.S. state and territory flowers.

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List of U.S. state and territory mottos

All of the United States' 50 states have a state motto, as do the District of Columbia and three US territories.

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List of U.S. state and territory trees

This is a list of U.S. state and territory trees, including official trees of the following states and U.S. territories (and the District of Columbia).

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List of U.S. state beverages

This is a list of state beverages as designated by the various states of the United States.

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List of U.S. state birds

Below is a list of U.S. state birds as designated by each state's legislature.

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List of U.S. state dogs

Twelve states of the United States have designated an official state dog breed.

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List of U.S. state fish

This is a list of official and unofficial U.S. state fishes.

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List of U.S. state fossils

Most American states have made a state fossil designation, in many cases during the 1980s.

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List of U.S. state insects

State insects are designated by 45 individual states of the fifty United States.

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List of U.S. state ships

This is a list of official U.S. state ships as designated by each state's legislature.

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List of U.S. state songs

Forty-nine of the fifty U.S. states that make up the United States of America have one or more state songs, which are selected by each state legislature, and/or state governor, as a symbol (or emblem) of that particular U.S. state.

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List of U.S. states and territories by area

This is a complete list of the states of the United States and its major territories ordered by total area, land area, and water area.

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List of U.S. states and territories by population

As of April 1, 2010, the date of the 2010 United States Census, the nine most populous U.S. states contain slightly more than half of the total population.

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List of U.S. states and territories by population density

This article includes a sortable table listing the 50 states, the territories, and the District of Columbia by population density, population rank, and land area.

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List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union

A state of the United States is one of the 50 constituent entities that shares its sovereignty with the federal government.

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Lists of U.S. state animals

Please see the following lists.

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Little League Baseball

Little League Baseball and Softball (officially, Little League International) is a nonprofit organization based in South Williamsport, Pennsylvania, United States, which organizes local youth baseball and softball leagues throughout the U.S. and the rest of the world.

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Little League World Series

The Little League Baseball World Series is an annual baseball tournament in the eastern United States for children aged 10 to 12 years old.

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Lock (water navigation)

A lock is a device used for raising and lowering boats, ships and other watercraft between stretches of water of different levels on river and canal waterways.

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Long Pond, Pennsylvania

Long Pond is an unincorporated community in Monroe County in the Pocono Mountains region of Pennsylvania, a part of the Appalachian Mountains.

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Long rifle

The long rifle, also known as longrifle, Kentucky rifle, or Pennsylvania rifle, was one of the first commonly used rifles for hunting and warfare.

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Lottery

A lottery is a form of gambling that involves the drawing of numbers for a prize.

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LOVE Park

Love Park, officially known as John F. Kennedy Plaza, is a plaza located in Center City, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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Maine Historical Society

The Maine Historical Society is the official state historical society of Maine.

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Mainline Protestant

The mainline Protestant churches (also called mainstream Protestant and sometimes oldline Protestant) are a group of Protestant denominations in the United States that contrast in history and practice with evangelical, fundamentalist, and charismatic Protestant denominations.

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Maize

Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.

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Major League Baseball

Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.

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Major League Soccer

Major League Soccer (MLS) is a men's professional soccer league sanctioned by U.S. Soccer that represents the sport's highest level in both the United States and Canada.

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Majority leader

In U.S. politics, the majority floor leader is a partisan position in a legislative body.

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Manheim Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania

Manheim Township is a township in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania established in 1729, which southernmost border meets the city limits of Lancaster.

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Manufacturing

Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.

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Mario Andretti

Mario Gabriele Andretti (born February 28, 1940) is an Italian-born American former racing driver, one of the most successful Americans in the history of the sport.

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Mars, Incorporated

Mars is an American global manufacturer of confectionery, pet food, and other food products and a provider of animal care services, with US$33 billion in annual sales in 2015, and is ranked as the 6th largest privately held company in the United States by Forbes.

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Martin's Famous Pastry Shoppe, Inc.

Martin's Famous Pastry Shoppe, Inc. is a family owned and operated consumer goods company headquartered in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Maryland

Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.

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Mason–Dixon line

The Mason–Dixon line, also called the Mason and Dixon line or Mason's and Dixon's line, was surveyed between 1763 and 1767 by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon in the resolution of a border dispute involving Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware in Colonial America.

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Massachusetts

Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

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Matanzas Province

Matanzas is one of the provinces of Cuba.

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Mayor–council government

The mayor–council government system is a system of organization of local government.

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McCandless, Pennsylvania

McCandless is a Home Rule Municipality in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Medical school in the United States

Medical school in the United States is most commonly a four-year graduate program with the purpose of educating physicians in the field of medicine.

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Mennonites

The Mennonites are members of certain Christian groups belonging to the church communities of Anabaptist denominations named after Menno Simons (1496–1561) of Friesland (which today is a province of the Netherlands).

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Mexican Americans

Mexican Americans (mexicoamericanos or estadounidenses de origen mexicano) are Americans of full or partial Mexican descent.

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Microsoft Excel

Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet developed by Microsoft for Windows, macOS, Android and iOS.

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Mid-Atlantic (United States)

The Mid-Atlantic, also called Middle Atlantic states or the Mid-Atlantic states, form a region of the United States generally located between New England and the South Atlantic States.

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Mike and Ike

Mike and Ike is a brand of fruit-flavored candies that were first introduced in 1940 by the company Just Born, Inc.

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Mike Stack

Michael Joseph Stack III (born June 5, 1963) is an American politician serving as the 33rd and current Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania.

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Mike Turzai

Michael Coyne Turzai (born August 2, 1959) is a Republican member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives who currently serves as Speaker of the House.

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Military volunteer

A military volunteer is a person who enlists in military service by free will, and is not a mercenary or a foreign legionnaire.

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Milk

Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.

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Minor League Baseball

Minor League Baseball is a hierarchy of professional baseball leagues in the Americas that compete at levels below Major League Baseball (MLB) and provide opportunities for player development and a way to prepare for the major leagues.

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Minority leader

In U.S. politics, the minority leader is the floor leader of the second largest caucus in a legislative body.

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Modern Language Association

The Modern Language Association of America, often referred to as the Modern Language Association (MLA), is the principal professional association in the United States for scholars of language and literature.

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Mohegan Sun Pocono

Mohegan Sun Pocono (formerly Pocono Downs and Mohegan Sun at Pocono Downs) is a racino located in Plains Township on the outskirts of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.

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Monongahela culture

The Monongahela culture were a Native American cultural manifestation of Late Woodland peoples from AD 1050 to 1635 in present-day western Pennsylvania, western Maryland, eastern Ohio, and West Virginia.

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Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series

The Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series (often shortened to the Cup Series) is the top racing series of the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR).

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Moosic, Pennsylvania

Moosic is a borough in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, six miles (9 km) south of Downtown Scranton and northeast of Downtown Wilkes-Barre on the Lackawanna River.

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Moravian Church

The Moravian Church, formally named the Unitas Fratrum (Latin for "Unity of the Brethren"), in German known as Brüdergemeine (meaning "Brethren's Congregation from Herrnhut", the place of the Church's renewal in the 18th century), is one of the oldest Protestant denominations in the world with its heritage dating back to the Bohemian Reformation in the fifteenth century and the Unity of the Brethren (Czech: Jednota bratrská) established in the Kingdom of Bohemia.

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Motocross

Motocross is a form of off-road motorcycle racing held on enclosed off-road circuits.

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Mount Davis (Pennsylvania)

Mount Davis is the highest point in Pennsylvania.

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Multiculturalism

Multiculturalism is a term with a range of meanings in the contexts of sociology, political philosophy, and in colloquial use.

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Multiracial Americans

Multiracial Americans are Americans who have mixed ancestry of "two or more races".

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Musikfest

Musikfest is an American music festival that has been held annually in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, United States, since 1984, and it claims to be the nation's largest non-gated free music festival.

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National Aviary

The National Aviary, located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, is the only independent indoor nonprofit aviary in the United States.

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National Bank Act

The National Banking Acts of 1863 and 1864 were two United States federal banking acts that established a system of national banks, and created the United States National Banking System.

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National Basketball Association

The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a men's professional basketball league in North America; composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada).

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National Football League

The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC).

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National Hockey League

The National Hockey League (NHL; Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, currently comprising 31 teams: 24 in the United States and 7 in Canada.

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National Hot Rod Association

The National Hot Rod Association (NHRA) is a drag racing governing body, which sets rules in drag racing and hosts events all over the United States and Canada.

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National League

The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, known simply as the National League (NL), is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, and the world's oldest current professional team sports league.

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National Sea Grant College Program

The National Sea Grant College Program is a program of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) within the U.S. Department of Commerce.

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National Space Grant College and Fellowship Program

The space-grant colleges are educational institutions in the United States that comprise a network of 52 consortia formed for the purpose of outer space-related research.

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Native Americans in the United States

Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.

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Native Hawaiians

Native Hawaiians (Hawaiian: kānaka ʻōiwi, kānaka maoli, and Hawaiʻi maoli) are the aboriginal Polynesian people of the Hawaiian Islands or their descendants.

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Nazareth Speedway

Nazareth Speedway was an auto racing facility near Nazareth in the Lehigh Valley region of Pennsylvania which operated from 1910 to 2004 in two distinct course configurations.

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Nazareth, Pennsylvania

Nazareth is a borough in Northampton County, Pennsylvania, in the United States.

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NBA G League

The NBA G League is the National Basketball Association's official minor league basketball organization.

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NCAA Division I

NCAA Division I (D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the United States.

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NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision

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NCAA Division I Football Championship

The NCAA Division I Football Championship is an American college football tournament played each year to determine the champion of the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (FCS).

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NEARfest

The North East Art Rock Festival, or NEARfest for short, was a multi-day event celebrating the resurgence of progressive and eclectic music in the United States and around the world.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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New Amsterdam

New Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam, or) was a 17th-century Dutch settlement established at the southern tip of Manhattan Island that served as the seat of the colonial government in New Netherland.

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New Castle, Delaware

New Castle is a city in New Castle County, Delaware, six miles (10 km) south of Wilmington, situated on the Delaware River.

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New Jersey

New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.

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New Netherland

New Netherland (Dutch: Nieuw Nederland; Latin: Nova Belgica or Novum Belgium) was a 17th-century colony of the Dutch Republic that was located on the east coast of North America.

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New Sweden

New Sweden (Swedish: Nya Sverige; Uusi Ruotsi; Nova Svecia) was a Swedish colony along the lower reaches of the Delaware River in North America from 1638 to 1655, established during the Thirty Years' War, when Sweden was a great power.

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New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

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New York (state)

New York is a state in the northeastern United States.

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New York–Penn League

The New York–Penn League is a Minor League Baseball league which operates in the northeastern United States.

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Non-Hispanic whites

Non-Hispanic whites or whites not of Hispanic or Latino origin (commonly referred to as Anglo-Americans)Mish, Frederic C., Editor in Chief Webster's Tenth New Collegiate Dictionary Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.A.:1994--Merriam-Webster See original definition (definition #1) of Anglo in English: It is defined as a synonym for Anglo-American--Page 86 are European Americans who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin/ethnicity, as defined by the United States Census Bureau.

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North American Vertical Datum of 1988

The North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88) is the vertical control datum of orthometric height established for vertical control surveying in the United States of America based upon the General Adjustment of the North American Datum of 1988.

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North East, Pennsylvania

North East is a borough in Erie County, Pennsylvania, United States, northeast of Erie in the northernmost part of the state, and the county's northeastern corner.

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Northeast Corridor

The Northeast Corridor (NEC) is an electrified railroad line in the Northeast megalopolis of the United States.

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Northeast Regional

The Northeast Regional is a regional rail service operated by Amtrak in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic United States.

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Northeastern Pennsylvania

Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA) is a geographic region of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania that includes the Pocono Mountains, the Endless Mountains, and the industrial cities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre, Pittston, Hazleton, Nanticoke, and Carbondale.

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Northeastern United States

The Northeastern United States, also referred to as the American Northeast or simply the Northeast, is a geographical region of the United States bordered to the north by Canada, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Southern United States, and to the west by the Midwestern United States.

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Northern United States

The Northern United States, commonly referred to as the American North or simply the North, can be a geographic or historical term and definition.

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Oceana Publications

Oceana Publications Inc. was a legal publisher.

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Ohio

Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.

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Old Forge, Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania

Old Forge is a borough in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Old Order Amish

The Old Order Amish are a North American ethno-religious group consisting of some 2000 local churches.

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Old Order Mennonite

Old Order Mennonites form a branch of the Mennonite tradition.

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Ontario

Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.

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Original jurisdiction

The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a higher court has the power to review a lower court's decision.

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OurBus

OurBus is a company that offers intercity and commuter bus routes serving cities in New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Florida, and Washington D.C..

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Outline of Pennsylvania

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the United States Commonwealth of Pennsylvania: The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is the sixth most populous of the 50 states of the United States of America.

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Pacific Islander

Pacific Islanders or Pasifikas are the peoples of the Pacific Islands.

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Palatine German language

Palatine German or Pfaelzisch (Pälzisch; Pfälzisch) is a West Franconian dialect of German which is spoken in the Upper Rhine Valley roughly in an area between the cities of Zweibrücken, Kaiserslautern, Alzey, Worms, Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Mannheim, Heidelberg, Speyer, Landau, Wörth am Rhein and the border to the Alsace region in France but also beyond.

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Parker, Pennsylvania

Parker is a city located in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Parx Casino and Racing

Parx Casino and Racing (formerly Philadelphia Park Racetrack and Casino) is a horse racing venue and the largest casino gaming complex in Pennsylvania.

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Passenger rail terminology

Various terms are used for passenger rail lines and equipment-the usage of these terms differs substantially between areas.

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Pat Narduzzi

Patrick Regan Narduzzi (born April 22, 1966) is an American football coach and former player.

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Pat Toomey

Patrick Joseph Toomey (born November 17, 1961) is an American businessman and politician serving as the junior United States Senator for Pennsylvania, elected in 2010.

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Paxton Boys

The Paxton Boys were frontiersmen of Scots-Irish origin from along the Susquehanna River in central Pennsylvania who formed a vigilante group to retaliate in 1763 against local American Indians in the aftermath of the French and Indian War and Pontiac's Rebellion.

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Peeps

Peeps are marshmallow candies sold in the United States and Canada that are shaped into chicks, bunnies, and other animals.

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Penn FC

Penn FC (formerly the Harrisburg City Islanders) is an American professional soccer team based in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Penn National Race Course

Hollywood Casino at Penn National Race Course is a thoroughbred horse racing track and casino in Grantville, Pennsylvania, east of Harrisburg.

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Penn Quakers football

The Penn Quakers football team is the college football team at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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Penn Quakers men's basketball

The Penn Quakers men's basketball team is the college basketball program representing the University of Pennsylvania.

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Penn State Nittany Lions football

The Penn State Nittany Lions team represents the Pennsylvania State University in college football.

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Penn Treaty Park

Penn Treaty Park is a small park on the western bank of the Delaware River, in the Fishtown neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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Pennsylvania (song)

"Pennsylvania" is the official state song of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

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Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts

The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts is a museum and art school in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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Pennsylvania Auditor General

The Pennsylvania Auditor General is the chief fiscal officer of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

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Pennsylvania Code

The Pennsylvania Code is a publication of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, listing all rules, regulations, and other administrative documents from the Government of Pennsylvania.

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Pennsylvania Constitution

The current Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, most recently revised in 1968, forms the law for the United States Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

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Pennsylvania Democratic Party

The Pennsylvania Democratic Party is the affiliate of the Democratic Party in the state of Pennsylvania.

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Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture

The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture (PDA) is a cabinet-level agency in Pennsylvania.

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Pennsylvania Department of General Services

The Pennsylvania Department of General Services (DGS) is an agency of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania that is responsible for the purchasing of goods and services for the state government.

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Pennsylvania Department of Transportation

The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) oversees transportation issues in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

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Pennsylvania Dutch

The Pennsylvania Dutch (Pennsilfaanisch Deitsch) are a cultural group formed by early German-speaking immigrants to Pennsylvania and their descendants.

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Pennsylvania Film Production Tax Credit

The Pennsylvania Film Production Tax Credit is a tax credit program supporting the production of feature films and television programs in Pennsylvania.

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Pennsylvania General Assembly

The Pennsylvania General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.

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Pennsylvania German language

Pennsylvania German (Deitsch, Pennsylvania italic, Pennsilfaanisch Deitsch,; often called Pennsylvania Dutch) is a variety of West Central German spoken by the Old Order Amish, Old Order Mennonites and other descendants of German immigrants in the United States and Canada, closely related to the Palatine dialects.

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Pennsylvania gubernatorial election, 2014

The 2014 Pennsylvania gubernatorial election was held on November 4, 2014, to elect the Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania, concurrently with elections to the United States Senate in other states and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections.

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Pennsylvania House of Representatives

The Pennsylvania House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Pennsylvania General Assembly, the legislature of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.

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Pennsylvania House of Representatives election, 2016

The 2016 elections for the Pennsylvania House of Representatives were held on November 8, 2016, with all districts being contested.

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Pennsylvania Lottery

The Pennsylvania Lottery is operated by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

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Pennsylvania Manual

The Pennsylvania Manual is a biennial guide to the Government of Pennsylvania produced by the Pennsylvania Department of General Services.

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Pennsylvania Railroad 1361

Pennsylvania Railroad 1361 is a 4-6-2 "Pacific" type steam locomotive built in 1918 for the Pennsylvania Railroad by their own Altoona Works.

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Pennsylvania Railroad 3750

PRR 3750 is a Pennsylvania Railroad K4s steam locomotive located in the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania, outside of Strasburg, Pennsylvania in the United States.

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Pennsylvania Railroad 4859

Pennsylvania Railroad 4859 is a GG1-class electric locomotive located in the Harrisburg Transportation Center in Harrisburg in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.

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Pennsylvania State Capitol

The Pennsylvania State Capitol is the seat of government for the U.S. state of Pennsylvania and is in downtown Harrisburg.

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Pennsylvania State Senate

The Pennsylvania State Senate is the upper house of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, the Pennsylvania state legislature.

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Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education

The Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education (PASSHE) is the largest provider of higher education in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and a large public university system in the United States.

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Pennsylvania State University

The Pennsylvania State University (commonly referred to as Penn State or PSU) is a state-related, land-grant, doctoral university with campuses and facilities throughout Pennsylvania.

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Pennsylvania Treasurer

The Pennsylvania State Treasurer is the head of the Pennsylvania Treasury Department, an independent department of state government.

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Pennsylvania Turnpike

The Pennsylvania Turnpike is a toll highway operated by the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.

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Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission

The Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission (PTC) was created in 1937 to construct, finance, operate, and maintain the Pennsylvania Turnpike.

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Pennsylvanian (train)

The Pennsylvanian is a daily daytime Amtrak train running between New York and Pittsburgh via Philadelphia.

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Perry County, Pennsylvania

Perry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.

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Petun

The Tabacco people, Tobacco nation, the Petun, or Tionontati in their Iroquoian language, were a historical First Nations band government closely related to the Huron Confederacy (Wendat).

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Phacops rana

Phacops rana (Eldredgeops rana) is a species of trilobite from the middle Devonian period.

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Pharmacy school

The basic requirement for pharmacists to be considered for registration is an undergraduate or postgraduate pharmacy degree from a recognized university.

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Philadelphia

Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.

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Philadelphia 76ers

The Philadelphia 76ers (also commonly known as the Sixers) are an American professional basketball team based in the Philadelphia metropolitan area.

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Philadelphia Big 5

The Big 5 is an informal association of college athletic programs in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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Philadelphia Business Journal

The Philadelphia Business Journal is diversified business media company in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, publishing daily stories on its website and social networks, and a weekly edition available in print and online.

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Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania

Philadelphia County is the most populous county in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. As of 2017, Philadelphia County was home to an estimated population of 1,580,863 residents. The county is the second smallest county in Pennsylvania by land area. Philadelphia County is one of the three original counties, along with Chester and Bucks counties, created by William Penn during November 1682. Since 1854, the county has been coterminous with the City of Philadelphia, which also serves as its seat of government. Philadelphia County is part of the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (Combined Statistical Area, known as the Delaware Valley, located along the lower Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, within the Northeast megalopolis. Philadelphia County is the economic and cultural anchor of the Delaware Valley, the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States, with a population of 7.2 million.

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Philadelphia Eagles

The Philadelphia Eagles are a professional American football franchise based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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Philadelphia Flyers

The Philadelphia Flyers are a professional ice hockey team based in Philadelphia.

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Philadelphia Folk Festival

The Philadelphia Folk Festival is a world-famous folk music festival held annually at Old Pool Farm in Upper Salford, Pennsylvania, in the vicinity of Philadelphia.

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Philadelphia International Airport

Philadelphia International Airport, often referred to just by its IATA code PHL, is a major airport in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, and is the largest airport in the Delaware Valley region and in the state.

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Philadelphia Museum of Art

The Philadelphia Museum of Art is an art museum originally chartered in 1876 for the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia.

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Philadelphia Phillies

The Philadelphia Phillies are an American professional baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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Philadelphia Soul

The Philadelphia Soul are a professional arena football team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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Philadelphia Union

The Philadelphia Union is an American professional soccer team based in Chester, Pennsylvania.

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Philadelphia Zoo

The Philadelphia Zoo, located in the Centennial District of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on the west bank of the Schuylkill River, was the first true zoo in the United States.

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Photuris pensylvanica

Photuris pensylvanica, known by the common names Pennsylvania firefly, lightning bug, and (in its larval state) glowworm, is a species of firefly from the United States and Canada.

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Piedmont (United States)

The Piedmont is a plateau region located in the eastern United States.

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Pierogi

Pierogi (singular pieróg), also known as varenyky, are filled dumplings of Eastern European origin made by wrapping unleavened dough around a savory or sweet filling and cooking in boiling water.

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Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.

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Pittsburgh International Airport

Pittsburgh International Airport, formerly Greater Pittsburgh International Airport, is a civil–military international airport in the eastern United States, in the suburbs of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Pittsburgh Panthers

The Pittsburgh Panthers, commonly also referred to as the Pitt Panthers, are the athletic teams representing the University of Pittsburgh, although the term is colloquially used to refer to other aspects of the university such as alumni, faculty, and students.

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Pittsburgh Panthers football

The Pittsburgh Panthers football program is the intercollegiate football team of the University of Pittsburgh, often referred to as "Pitt", located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Pittsburgh Penguins

The Pittsburgh Penguins are a professional ice hockey team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Pittsburgh Pirates

The Pittsburgh Pirates are an American professional baseball team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Pittsburgh Riverhounds SC

Pittsburgh Riverhounds SC is an American professional soccer team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Pittsburgh Steelers

The Pittsburgh Steelers are a professional American football team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium

The Pittsburgh Zoo is one of only six major zoo and aquarium combinations in the United States.

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Pittston, Pennsylvania

Pittston is a city in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Plain people

Plain people are Christian groups characterized by separation from the world and by simple living, including plain dressing.

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Plant nursery

A nursery is a place where plants are propagated and grown to usable size.

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PNC Financial Services

PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. (stylized as PNC) is a bank holding company and financial services corporation based in Pittsburgh.

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Poaching

Poaching has been defined as the illegal hunting or capturing of wild animals, usually associated with land use rights.

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Pocono Raceway

Pocono Raceway (formerly Pocono International Raceway) also known as The Tricky Triangle, is a superspeedway located in the Pocono Mountains in Long Pond, Pennsylvania.

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Polish Americans

Polish Americans are Americans who have total or partial Polish ancestry.

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Political freedom

Political freedom (also known as political autonomy or political agency) is a central concept in history and political thought and one of the most important features of democratic societies.

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Polka

The polka is originally a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas.

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Pontiac's War

Pontiac's War (also known as Pontiac's Conspiracy or Pontiac's Rebellion) was launched in 1763 by a loose confederation of elements of Native American tribes, primarily from the Great Lakes region, the Illinois Country, and Ohio Country who were dissatisfied with British postwar policies in the Great Lakes region after the British victory in the French and Indian War (1754–1763).

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Port Authority of Allegheny County

Port Authority of Allegheny County (also known as the Port Authority and formerly as Port Authority Transit (PAT) and PATransit) is the second-largest public transit agency in Pennsylvania and the 26th-largest in the United States.

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Port of Philadelphia

The Port of Philadelphia sometimes collectively refers to all the public and private ports and marine terminals located along the Pennsylvania and New Jersey sides of the Delaware River in the Philadelphia region.

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Pottsville, Pennsylvania

Pottsville is a city in, and the county seat of, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Power Five conferences

In college football, the Power Five conferences (or power conferences) are athletic conferences in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of NCAA Division I, the highest level of collegiate football in the United States.

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PPG Industries

PPG Industries, Inc. is an American Fortune 500 company and global supplier of paints, coatings, and specialty materials.

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Preakness Stakes

The Preakness Stakes is an American flat thoroughbred horse race held on the third Saturday in May each year at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland.

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Presbyterian Church (USA)

The Presbyterian Church (USA), or PC (USA), is a mainline Protestant Christian denomination in the United States.

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President pro tempore

A president pro tempore or speaker pro tempore is a constitutionally recognized officer of a legislative body who presides over the chamber in the absence of the normal presiding officer.

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Presque Isle Downs

Presque Isle Downs is a casino and horse racing track near Erie, Pennsylvania, owned and operated by Eldorado Resorts.

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Pretzel

A Pretzel (Breze(l)) is a type of baked bread product made from dough most commonly shaped into a twisted knot.

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Primanti Brothers

Primanti Brothers is a chain of sandwich shops in the eastern United States.

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Professional Golfers' Association of America

The Professional Golfers' Association of America (PGA of America) is an American organization of golf professionals.

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Property tax

A property tax or millage rate is an ad valorem tax on the value of a property, usually levied on real estate.

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Protestantism

Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.

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Province of New York

The Province of New York (1664–1776) was a British proprietary colony and later royal colony on the northeast coast of North America.

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Province of Pennsylvania

The Province of Pennsylvania, also known as the Pennsylvania Colony, was founded in English North America by William Penn on March 4, 1681 as dictated in a royal charter granted by King Charles II.

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Provinces and territories of Canada

The provinces and territories of Canada are the sub-national governments within the geographical areas of Canada under the authority of the Canadian Constitution.

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Public university

A public university is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government, as opposed to private universities.

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Puerto Ricans in the United States

A Stateside Puerto Rican, also ambiguously Puerto Rican American (puertorriqueño-americano, puertorriqueño-estadounidense) is a term for residents in the United States who were born in or trace family ancestry to Puerto Rico.

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Quakers

Quakers (or Friends) are members of a historically Christian group of religious movements formally known as the Religious Society of Friends or Friends Church.

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Race and ethnicity in the United States Census

Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin (the only categories for ethnicity).

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Reading Fightin Phils

The Reading Fightin Phils (also called the Reading Fightins or Fightins) are a minor league baseball team based in Reading, Pennsylvania, playing in the Eastern Division of the Eastern League.

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Reading Royals

The Reading Royals are a professional ice hockey team that currently plays in the ECHL.

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Reading, Pennsylvania

Reading (Pennsylvania German: Reddin) is a city in and the county seat of Berks County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Referendum

A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.

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Republican Party (United States)

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

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Republican State Committee of Pennsylvania

The Republican Party of Pennsylvania, commonly known as the PA GOP, is based in Harrisburg in the United States state of Pennsylvania.

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Rhône-Alpes

Rhône-Alpes (Arpitan: Rôno-Arpes; Ròse-Aups; Rodano-Alpi) is a former administrative region of France.

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Rhode Island

Rhode Island, officially the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States.

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Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians

The Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, also called the Ridge and Valley Province or the Valley and Ridge Appalachians, are a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian division and are also a belt within the Appalachian Mountains extending from southeastern New York through northwestern New Jersey, westward into Pennsylvania and southward into Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia and Alabama.

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Ruffed grouse

The ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus) is a medium-sized grouse occurring in forests from the Appalachian Mountains across Canada to Alaska.

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Sales tax

A sales tax is a tax paid to a governing body for the sales of certain goods and services.

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Samuel H. Smith (politician)

Samuel H. "Sam" Smith (born August 10, 1955) is a Republican member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives for the 66th District and was elected in 1986.

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Sandcastle Waterpark

Sandcastle is a water park located in the Pittsburgh suburb of West Homestead.

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Sands Casino Resort Bethlehem

Sands Casino Resort Bethlehem is a hotel and casino located in the Bethlehem Works development site in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in the Lehigh Valley region of eastern Pennsylvania, in the United States.

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Sauerkraut

Sauerkraut is finely cut cabbage that has been fermented by various lactic acid bacteria.

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School district

A school district is a special-purpose district that operates local public primary and secondary schools in various nations.

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Schwarzenau Brethren

The Schwarzenau Brethren, the German Baptist Brethren, Dunkers, Dunkards, Tunkers, or simply the German Baptists, are an Anabaptist group that originally dissented from several Lutheran and Reformed churches that were officially established in some German-speaking states in western and southwestern parts of the Holy Roman Empire as a result of the Radical Pietist ferment of the late 17th and early 18th centuries.

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Scranton, Pennsylvania

Scranton is the sixth-largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania behind Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, Erie and Reading.

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Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders

The Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders are a professional minor league baseball team based in Moosic, Pennsylvania in the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre area.

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Scrapple

Scrapple, also known by the Pennsylvania Dutch name or "pan rabbit", is traditionally a mush of pork scraps and trimmings combined with cornmeal and wheat flour, often buckwheat flour, and spices.

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Seal of Pennsylvania

The Great Seal of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is the state seal for the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.

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Second Continental Congress

The Second Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the spring of 1775 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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SEPTA

The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) is a regional public transportation authority that operates bus, subway / elevated rail line, commuter and light rail line, and electric trolleybus services to nearly 4 million people in five counties in and around Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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Sesame Place

Sesame Place is a children's theme park, located on the outskirts of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania based on the Sesame Street television program.

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Shoofly pie

Shoofly pie (or shoo-fly pie) is a molasses pie or cake that developed its traditional form among the Pennsylvania Dutch in the 1880s, who ate it with strong black coffee for breakfast.

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Shortline railroad

A shortline railroad is a small or mid-sized railroad company that operates over a relatively short distance relative to larger, national railroad networks.

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Silage

Silage is fermented, high-moisture stored fodder which can be fed to cattle, sheep and other such ruminants (cud-chewing animals) or used as a biofuel feedstock for anaerobic digesters.

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Skateboard

A skateboard is a type of sports equipment used primarily for the sport of skateboarding.

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Skull

The skull is a bony structure that forms the head in vertebrates.

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Slavery in the United States

Slavery in the United States was the legal institution of human chattel enslavement, primarily of Africans and African Americans, that existed in the United States of America in the 18th and 19th centuries.

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Smarty Jones

Smarty Jones (February 28, 2001) is a thoroughbred race horse and winner of the 2004 Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes.

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Smithton, Pennsylvania

Smithton is a borough in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Snyder's of Hanover

Snyder's of Hanover is an American bakery and snack food distribution company based in Hanover, Pennsylvania, specializing in German traditional pretzels.

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Sod

Sod or turf is grass and the part of the soil beneath it held together by its roots or another piece of thin material.

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Souderton, Pennsylvania

Souderton is a borough in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania.

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South Central Pennsylvania

South Central Pennsylvania is a region of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania that includes the fourteen counties of Adams, Cumberland, Dauphin, Franklin, Huntingdon, Juniata, Lancaster, Lebanon, Mifflin, Perry, Snyder, and York.

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South Williamsport, Pennsylvania

South Williamsport is a borough in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Southern United States

The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.

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Spanish language

Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.

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Splash Lagoon

Splash Lagoon Indoor Waterpark Resort is a Polynesian-themed large indoor waterpark located in Erie, Pennsylvania.

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St. Peter's Basilica

The Papal Basilica of St.

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Stamp Act Congress

The Stamp Act Congress, or First Congress of the American Colonies, was a meeting held between October 7 and 25, 1765, in New York City, consisting of representatives from some of the British colonies in North America; it was the first gathering of elected representatives from several of the American colonies to devise a unified protest against new British taxation.

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Standard Chinese

Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan (de facto), and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.

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Stanley Cup

The Stanley Cup (La Coupe Stanley) is the championship trophy awarded annually to the National Hockey League (NHL) playoff winner.

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State College Spikes

The State College Spikes are a minor league baseball team based in State College, Pennsylvania.

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State College, Pennsylvania

State College is a home rule municipality in Centre County in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

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State income tax

Most individual U.S. states collect a state income tax in addition to federal income tax.

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Steam locomotive

A steam locomotive is a type of railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine.

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Stephen Hills

Stephen Hills (August 10, 1771 – October 17, 1844) was an architect notable for designing the original Pennsylvania State Capitol.

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Stromboli (food)

Stromboli is a type of turnover filled with various cheeses (typically mozzarella) and cold cuts (typically Italian meats such as salami, capocollo and bresaola) or vegetables.

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Sturgis Pretzel House

The Sturgis Pretzel House of Lititz, Pennsylvania, founded in 1861, is the oldest commercial pretzel bakery in the United States.

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Super Bowl

The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL).

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Superior Court of Pennsylvania

The Superior Court of Pennsylvania is one of two Pennsylvania intermediate appellate courts, the other being the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania.

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Supreme Court of Pennsylvania

The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania is the highest court in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

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Susquehanna River

The Susquehanna River (Lenape: Siskëwahane) is a major river located in the northeastern United States.

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Susquehannock

Susquehannock people, also called the Conestoga (by the English)The American Heritage Book of Indians, pages 188-189 were Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans who lived in areas adjacent to the Susquehanna River and its tributaries ranging from its upper reaches in the southern part of what is now New York (near the lands of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy), through eastern and central Pennsylvania West of the Poconos and the upper Delaware River (and the Delaware nations), with lands extending beyond the mouth of the Susquehanna in Maryland along the west bank of the Potomac at the north end of the Chesapeake Bay.

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Swing state

In American politics, the term swing state refers to any state that could reasonably be won by either the Democratic or Republican presidential candidate.

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Table game

In casinos, the term table game is used to distinguish games such as blackjack, craps, roulette and baccarat that are played on a table and operated by one or more live dealers like a croupier or poker dealer, from games played on a mechanical device like a video slot machine.

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Tamanend

Tamanend or Tammany or Tammamend, the "affable", (c. 1625–c. 1701) was a chief of one of the clans that made up the Lenni-Lenape nation in the Delaware Valley at the time Philadelphia was established.

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Tastykake

Tastykake is a line of snack foods manufactured by the Tasty Baking Company, currently headquartered at the Philadelphia Naval Business Center (formerly the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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Technical school

In the United States, a technical school is a two-year college that covers fields such as business, finance, hospitality, tourism, construction, engineering, visual arts, information technology and community work.

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Telephone tapping

Telephone tapping (also wire tapping or wiretapping in American English) is the monitoring of telephone and Internet conversations by a third party, often by covert means.

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Temple Owls football

The Temple Owls football team represents Temple University in the sport of college football.

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Temple University

Temple University (Temple or TU) is a state-related research university located in the Cecil B. Moore neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.

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The Meadows Racetrack and Casino

The Meadows Racetrack and Casino is a standardbred harness racing track and slot machine casino in North Strabane Township, Pennsylvania, United States, about southwest of Pittsburgh.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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The Patriot-News

The Patriot-News is the largest newspaper serving the Harrisburg, Pennsylvania metropolitan area.

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The Plain Dealer

The Plain Dealer is the major daily newspaper of Cleveland, Ohio, United States.

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The York Water Company

The York Water Company is an investor-owned, public utility company operating in Pennsylvania, USA.

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Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.

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Third Anglo-Dutch War

The Third Anglo-Dutch War or the Third Dutch War (Derde Engelse Oorlog "Third English War", or Derde Engelse Zeeoorlog "Third English Sea War") was a military conflict between the Kingdom of England and the Dutch Republic, that lasted between April 1672 and early 1674.

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Thirteen Colonies

The Thirteen Colonies were a group of British colonies on the east coast of North America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries that declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States of America.

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Thoroughbred horse racing

Thoroughbred horse racing is a worldwide sport and industry involving the racing of Thoroughbred horses.

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Titusville, Pennsylvania

Titusville is a city in Crawford County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Tockwogh

The Tockwogh were an Algonquian tribe first discovered by Captain John Smith's party after being informed about them by the Massawomekes (Iroquois).

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Tom Wolf

Thomas Westerman Wolf (born November 17, 1948) is an American businessman and politician serving as the 47th and current Governor of Pennsylvania since taking office on January 20, 2015.

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Township (Pennsylvania)

A Pennsylvania township or township under Pennsylvania laws is one class (with two forms) of the three types of municipalities codified (and commonly found as towns, villages, or hamlets), in Pennsylvania—smaller municipal class legal entities providing local self-government functions in the majority of land areas in the more rural regions.

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Transit bus

A transit bus (also big bus, commuter bus, city bus, town bus, stage bus, public bus or simply bus) is a type of bus used on shorter-distance public transport bus services.

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Treaty of Breda (1667)

The Treaty of Breda was signed at the Dutch city of Breda, 31 July (Gregorian calendar), 1667, by England, the United Provinces (Netherlands), France, and Denmark–Norway.

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Treaty of Paris (1783)

The Treaty of Paris, signed in Paris by representatives of King George III of Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America on September 3, 1783, ended the American Revolutionary War.

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Treaty of Westminster (1674)

The Treaty of Westminster of 1674 was the peace treaty that ended the Third Anglo-Dutch War.

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Trilobite

Trilobites (meaning "three lobes") are a fossil group of extinct marine arachnomorph arthropods that form the class Trilobita.

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Triple-A (baseball)

Triple-A (or Class AAA) is the highest level of play in Minor League Baseball in the United States and Mexico.

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Tsuga canadensis

Tsuga canadensis, also known as eastern hemlock, eastern hemlock-spruce or Canadian hemlock, and in the French-speaking regions of Canada as pruche du Canada, is a coniferous tree native to eastern North America.

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Twelve-Mile Circle

The Twelve-Mile Circle is an approximately circular arc which forms most of the boundary between the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the State of Delaware in the United States.

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U.S. Open Cup

The Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup, commonly known as the U.S. Open Cup (USOC), is a knock-out cup competition in American soccer.

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U.S. state

A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.

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U.S. Steel

United States Steel Corporation, more commonly known as U.S. Steel, is an American integrated steel producer headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, with production operations in the United States, Canada, and Central Europe.

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Union Army

During the American Civil War, the Union Army referred to the United States Army, the land force that fought to preserve the Union of the collective states.

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United Church of Christ

The United Church of Christ (UCC) is a mainline Protestant Christian denomination based in the United States, with historical confessional roots in the Reformed, Lutheran, Congregational and evangelical Protestant traditions, and "with over 5,000 churches and nearly one million members".

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United Methodist Church

The United Methodist Church (UMC) is a mainline Protestant denomination and a major part of Methodism.

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United Soccer League

The United Soccer League (USL), formerly known as USL Pro, is a professional men's soccer league in the United States and Canada that began its inaugural season in 2011.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Army Corps of Engineers

The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is a U.S. federal agency under the Department of Defense and a major Army command made up of some 37,000 civilian and military personnel, making it one of the world's largest public engineering, design, and construction management agencies.

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United States Census Bureau

The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.

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United States Constitution

The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.

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United States Declaration of Independence

The United States Declaration of Independence is the statement adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting at the Pennsylvania State House (now known as Independence Hall) in Philadelphia on July 4, 1776.

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United States Geological Survey

The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.

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United States Government Publishing Office

The United States Government Publishing Office (GPO) (formerly the Government Printing Office) is an agency of the legislative branch of the United States federal government.

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United States House of Representatives

The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.

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United States presidential election, 1960

The United States presidential election of 1960 was the 44th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 1960.

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United States presidential election, 1964

The United States presidential election of 1964, the 45th quadrennial American presidential election, was held on Tuesday, November 3, 1964.

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United States presidential election, 1968

The United States presidential election of 1968 was the 46th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1968.

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United States presidential election, 1972

The United States presidential election of 1972, the 47th quadrennial presidential election, was held on Tuesday, November 7, 1972.

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United States presidential election, 1976

The United States presidential election of 1976 was the 48th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 2, 1976.

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United States presidential election, 1980

The United States presidential election of 1980 was the 49th quadrennial presidential election.

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United States presidential election, 1984

The United States presidential election of 1984 was the 50th quadrennial presidential election.

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United States presidential election, 1988

The United States presidential election of 1988 was the 51st quadrennial United States presidential election.

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United States presidential election, 1992

The United States presidential election of 1992 was the 52nd quadrennial presidential election.

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United States presidential election, 1996

The United States presidential election of 1996 was the 53rd quadrennial presidential election.

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United States presidential election, 2000

The United States presidential election of 2000 was the 54th quadrennial presidential election.

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United States presidential election, 2004

The United States presidential election of 2004, the 55th quadrennial presidential election, was held on Tuesday, November 2, 2004.

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United States presidential election, 2008

The United States presidential election of 2008 was the 56th quadrennial presidential election.

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United States presidential election, 2012

The United States presidential election of 2012 was the 57th quadrennial American presidential election.

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United States presidential election, 2016

The United States presidential election of 2016 was the 58th quadrennial American presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016.

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United States Senate

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.

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United States soccer league system

The United States soccer league system is a series of professional and amateur soccer leagues based, in whole or in part, in the United States.

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University of Pennsylvania

The University of Pennsylvania (commonly known as Penn or UPenn) is a private Ivy League research university located in University City section of West Philadelphia.

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University of Pittsburgh

The University of Pittsburgh (commonly referred to as Pitt) is a state-related research university located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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University of the Sciences

The University of the Sciences (USciences), officially known as the University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, is a university in the Spruce Hill neighborhood of Philadelphia, USA.

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University Park Airport

University Park Airport is a public airport located in Benner Township, Centre County, Pennsylvania.

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Upper Darby Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania

Upper Darby Township (often shortened to simply Upper Darby) is a home rule township bordering Philadelphia in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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USS Niagara (1813)

USS Niagara, commonly called the US Brig Niagara or the Flagship Niagara, is a wooden-hulled snow-brig that served as the relief flagship for Oliver Hazard Perry in the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812.

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Utah

Utah is a state in the western United States.

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Utz Quality Foods

Utz Quality Foods, Inc. is based in Hanover, Pennsylvania and is the largest independent, privately held snack brand in the United States.

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Valley Forge National Historical Park

Valley Forge National Historical Park is the site of the third winter encampment of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, taking place from December 19, 1777 to June 19, 1778.

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Villanova University

Villanova University is a private research university located in Radnor Township, a suburb northwest of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, within the Archdiocese of Philadelphia in the United States.

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Virginia Company

The Virginia Company refers collectively to two joint stock companies chartered under James I on 10 April 1606 with the goal of establishing settlements on the coast of North America.

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Voltaire

François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on Christianity as a whole, especially the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech and separation of church and state.

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Waldameer Park

Waldameer Park and Water World is an amusement / water park in Erie, Pennsylvania located at the base of Presque Isle.

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Walmart

Walmart Inc. (formerly branded as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.) is an American multinational retail corporation that operates a chain of hypermarkets, discount department stores, and grocery stores.

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Warrant (law)

A warrant is generally an order that serves as a specific type of authorization, that is, a writ issued by a competent officer, usually a judge or magistrate, which permits an otherwise illegal act that would violate individual rights and affords the person executing the writ protection from damages if the act is performed.

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Washington Wild Things

The Washington Wild Things are a professional baseball team based in the Pittsburgh suburb of Washington, Pennsylvania, in the United States.

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Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.

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Weeks Act

The Weeks Act is a federal law (36 Stat. 961) enacted by the United States Congress on March 1, 1911.

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Wells Fargo

Wells Fargo & Company is an American multinational financial services company headquartered in San Francisco, California, with central offices throughout the country.

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West Central German

West Central German (Westmitteldeutsche Dialekte) belongs to the Central, High German dialect family in the German language.

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West Indian Americans

West Indian Americans or Caribbean Americans are Americans who can trace their recent ancestry to the Caribbean, unless they are of native descent.

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West Virginia

West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.

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White Americans

White Americans are Americans who are descendants from any of the white racial groups of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, or in census statistics, those who self-report as white based on having majority-white ancestry.

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White Hispanic and Latino Americans

In the United States, a White Hispanic is an American citizen or resident who is racially white and of Hispanic descent.

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White-tailed deer

The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the whitetail or Virginia deer, is a medium-sized deer native to the United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, and South America as far south as Peru and Bolivia.

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Wilbur Chocolate Company

Wilbur Chocolate is one of four brands manufactured by Cargill Cocoa & Chocolate North America.

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Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania

Wilkes-Barre is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the county seat of Luzerne County.

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Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport

Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport is primarily in Pittston Township, Pennsylvania, and spans the border between Luzerne County and Lackawanna County.

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Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins

The Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins are the American Hockey League affiliate of the National Hockey League's Pittsburgh Penguins.

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William Penn

William Penn (14 October 1644 – 30 July 1718) was the son of Sir William Penn, and was an English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, early Quaker, and founder of the English North American colony the Province of Pennsylvania.

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William Penn (Royal Navy officer)

Sir William Penn (23 April 1621 – 16 September 1670) was an English admiral and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1670.

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Williamsport Crosscutters

The Williamsport Crosscutters are a Class A-Short Season Minor League Baseball team based in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, in the United States.

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Williamsport, Pennsylvania

Williamsport, officially The City of Williamsport, is a city in and the county seat of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Wilmington, Delaware

Wilmington (Lenape: Paxahakink, Pakehakink) is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Delaware.

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Winemaking

Winemaking or vinification is the production of wine, starting with the selection of the fruit, its fermentation into alcohol, and the bottling of the finished liquid.

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Wisconsin

Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.

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Wise Foods

Wise Foods, Inc. is a company based in Berwick, Pennsylvania, that makes snacks and sells them through retail food outlets in 15 eastern seaboard states, as well as Vermont, Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Washington, D.C. Best known for its several varieties of potato chips, Wise also offers Cheez Doodles, bagged popcorn, tortilla chips, pork rinds,, onion rings, Dipsy Doodle chips, Nacho Twisters, Quinlan brand pretzels, and French onion and nacho cheese dips.

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World Series

The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in North America, contested since 1903 between the American League (AL) champion team and the National League (NL) champion team.

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Wyoming Valley

The Wyoming Valley is a historic industrialized region of Northeastern Pennsylvania once famous for fueling the industrial revolution in the United States with its many anthracite coal mines.

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X Games

The X Games is an annual extreme sports event hosted, produced, and broadcast by ESPN.

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York Revolution

The York Revolution is an American professional baseball team based in York, Pennsylvania.

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York, Pennsylvania

York (Pennsylvania German: Yarrick), known as the White Rose City (after the symbol of the House of York), is the county seat of York County, Pennsylvania, United States, located in the south-central region of the state.

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Yuengling

D.

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Zwaanendael Colony

Zwaanendael or Swaanendael was a short lived Dutch colonial settlement in Delaware.

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2010 United States Census

The 2010 United States Census (commonly referred to as the 2010 Census) is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census.

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2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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2019

2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

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30th Street Station

30th Street Station is the main railroad station of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and one of the seven stations in the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority's (SEPTA) Center City fare zone.

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42nd parallel north

The 42nd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 42 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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Redirects here:

2nd State, Art of Pennsylvania, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Cuisine of Pennsylvania, Culture of Pennsylvania, Demographics of Pennsylvania, EPnnsylvania, Economy of Pennsylvania, Keystone State, Keystone state, PA (state), PA state, Pencilvania, Penn's Woods, Penn., Penna., Pennfylvania, Pennsilfaani, Pennsilvania, Pennslyvania, Pennsylvana, Pennsylvania (U.S. state), Pennsylvania (state), Pennsylvania, PA, Pennsylvania, United States, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Pennsylvannia, Pennylvania, Pennyslvania, United States, Pensylvaina, Pensylvania, Religion in Pennsylvania, Second State, State of Pennsylvania, State of pennsylvania, The Coal State, The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, The Keystone State, The Oil State, The Quaker State, Transport in Pennsylvania, Transportation in Pennsylvania, US-PA.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pennsylvania

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