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The Act of Consolidation, more formally known as the act of February 2, 1854 (P.L. 21, No. 16), is legislation of the Pennsylvania General Assembly that created the consolidated City and County of Philadelphia, expanding the city's territory to the entirety of Philadelphia County and dissolving the other municipal authorities in the county.
Adam Smith (16 June 1723 NS (5 June 1723 OS) – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish moral philosopher, pioneer of political economy, and a key figure in the Scottish Enlightenment.
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Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers.
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African American, also referred to as Black American or Afro-American, is an ethnic group of Americans (citizens or residents of the United States) with total or partial ancestry from any of the native populations of Sub-Saharan Africa.
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African immigration to the United States refers to immigrants to the United States who are or were nationals of Africa.
Alabama is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.
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The Allegheny Mountain Tunnel is a vehicular tunnel carrying the Pennsylvania Turnpike through the Allegheny Mountains.
The Allegheny National Forest is a National Forest located in northwestern Pennsylvania.
The Allegheny Plateau is a large dissected plateau area in western and central New York, northern and western Pennsylvania, northern and western West Virginia, and eastern Ohio.
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The Allegheny River is a principal tributary of the Ohio River; it is located in the Eastern United States.
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The Allegheny River Lock and Dam No.
Allentown (Pennsylvania Dutch: Allenschteddel) is a city located in Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Allyson Young Schwartz (born October 3, 1948) is a former member of the United States House of Representatives for, serving from 2005-2015.
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Altoona is a city in central Pennsylvania Blair County, Pennsylvania, United States.
The American black bear (Ursus americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America.
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The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy.
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The American Geographical Society (AGS) is an organization of professional geographers, founded in 1851 in New York City.
The American Hockey League (AHL) is a 30-team professional ice hockey league based in the United States and Canada that serves as the primary developmental circuit for the National Hockey League (NHL).
The American Public Transportation Association (APTA), formerly known as the American Public Transit Association, is a nonprofit organization which serves as an advocate for the advancement of public transportation programs and initiatives in the United States.
The Amish (Pennsylvania Dutch: Amisch, German: Amische) are a group of traditionalist Christian church fellowships, closely related to but distinct from Mennonite churches, with whom they share Swiss Anabaptist origins.
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The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a partially government-funded American passenger railroad service.
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The Appalachian Mountains (or,There are at least eight possible pronunciations depending on three factors.
An appellate court, commonly called an appeals court, court of appeals (American English), appeal court (British English), court of second instance or second instance court, is any court of law that is empowered to hear an appeal of a trial court or other lower tribunal.
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Arabic (العَرَبِية, or عربي,عربى) is the Classical Arabic language of the 6th century and its modern descendants excluding Maltese.
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The Arena Football League (AFL) is the highest level of professional indoor American football in the United States.
Arnold Daniel Palmer (born September 10, 1929) is a retired American professional golfer, who is generally regarded as one of the greatest players in professional golf history.
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An art school is an educational institution with a primary focus on the visual arts, especially illustration, painting, photography, sculpture, and graphic design.
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The Articles of Confederation, formally the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, were an agreement among all thirteen original states in the United States of America that served as its first constitution.
Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent.
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The Association of American Universities (AAU) is an international organization of leading research universities devoted to maintaining a strong system of academic research and education.
The Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) is a free source of online information related to American and international religion.
The Atlantic coastal plain is a physiographic region of low relief along the East Coast of the United States.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceanic divisions, following the Pacific Ocean.
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Auntie Anne's, based in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, is an American chain of pretzel shoppes founded by Anne Beiler and her husband, Jonas, in 1988.
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A bachelor is a man who is neither married nor cohabitating and who lives independently outside of his parents' home or other institutional setting.
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The President, Directors, and Company, of the Bank of North America, commonly known as the Bank of North America, was a private business chartered on May 26, 1781, by the Confederation Congress and opened on January 4, 1782, at the prodding of Superintendent of Finance Robert Morris.
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is the 44th and current President of the United States, and the first African American to hold the office.
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The Battle of Gettysburg (with an sound) was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War.
Beaver Stadium is an outdoor college football stadium in University Park, Pennsylvania, United States, on the campus of The Pennsylvania State University.
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Benjamin Franklin (April 17, 1790) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
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Benjamin Rush (– April 19, 1813) was a Founding Father of the United States.
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Bensalem Township is a township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States which borders the northeast section of Philadelphia.
Berwick is a borough in Columbia County, Pennsylvania, United States, southwest of Wilkes Barre.
Bethlehem Steel Corporation was America's second-largest steel producer and largest shipbuilder.
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Bethlehem is a city in Lehigh and Northampton counties in the Lehigh Valley region of the eastern portion of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
A bicameral legislature is one in which the legislators are divided into two separate assemblies, chambers or houses.
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William Franklin "Bill" Shuster (born January 10, 1961) is the U.S. Representative for, serving since 2001.
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The term black church or African-American church refers to Christian churches that currently or historically have ministered to predominantly black congregations in the United States.
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In the United States, a Black Hispanic or Afro Hispanic (Afrohispano) is an American citizen or resident who is officially classified by the United States Census Bureau, Office of Management and Budget and other U.S. government agencies as a Black American of Hispanic descent." (For discussion on the term African American, please see that article.) Hispanicity, which is independent of race, is the only ethnic category, as opposed to racial category, which is officially collated by the U.S. Census Bureau.
Bloomsburg is a town in Columbia County, Pennsylvania, United States, located southwest of Wilkes-Barre along the Susquehanna River.
Robert A. "Bob" Brady (born April 7, 1945) is the U.S. Representative for, serving since 1998, and the ranking Democrat on the United States House Committee on House Administration since 2007.
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Robert Patrick "Bob" Casey, Jr. (born April 13, 1960) is an American attorney, politician and member of the Democratic Party who serves as the senior United States Senator from Pennsylvania, in office since 2007.
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The Boone and Crockett Club is a hunter-conservationist organization founded in the United States in 1887 by Theodore Roosevelt.
In the U.S. commonwealth of Pennsylvania, a borough is a self-governing municipal entity that is usually smaller than a city.
The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Boston, Massachusetts, that competes in Major League Baseball (MLB).
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Boyer Brothers, Inc., is a candy company located in Altoona, Pennsylvania.
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The brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) is a species of freshwater fish in the salmon family Salmonidae.
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The Calder Cup is the trophy awarded annually to the champions of the American Hockey League.
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John Calvin Coolidge Jr. (July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933) was the 30th President of the United States (1923–1929).
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Cameron County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
The Capitol Limited is one of two Amtrak trains connecting Washington, D.C., to Chicago, running via Pittsburgh and Cleveland (the other is the Cardinal via Cincinnati and Indianapolis).
Carlisle is a borough in and the county seat of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States.
The Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), also called the Carnegie Institution of Washington (CIW), is an organization in the United States established to support scientific research.
Carnegie Mellon University (Carnegie Mellon or CMU; or) is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh are four museums that are operated by the Carnegie Institute headquartered in the Carnegie Institute complex in Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.
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In demographics, the center of population (or population center) of a region is a geographical point that describes a centerpoint of the region's population.
Centralia is a borough and a near-ghost town in Columbia County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Chaka Fattah (born Arthur Davenport; November 21, 1956) is the U.S. representative for, serving since 1995.
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Chambersburg is a borough in the South Central region of Pennsylvania, United States.
The Champion's Cup is the trophy awarded to the playoff winners in the National Lacrosse League.
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Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
Charles Wieder "Charlie" Dent (born May 24, 1960) is the U.S. Representative for, serving since 2005.
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A cheesesteak, also known as a Philadelphia cheesesteak, Philly cheesesteak, cheesesteak sandwich, cheese steak, or steak and cheese, is a sandwich made from thinly sliced pieces of steak and melted cheese in a long hoagie roll.
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Chester County (Chesco) is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Chester is a city in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States, with a population of 33,972 at the 2010 census.
The Chief Justice is the name for the presiding member of a supreme court in many countries with a justice system based on English common law, such as the Supreme Court of Canada, the Supreme Court of Singapore, the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong, the Supreme Court of Japan, the Supreme Court of India, the Supreme Court of Pakistan, the Supreme Court of Nepal, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the Supreme Court of Ireland, the Supreme Court of New Zealand, the High Court of Australia, the Supreme Court of the United States, and provincial or state supreme courts.
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Chinese (汉语 / 漢語; Hànyǔ or 中文; Zhōngwén) is a group of related but in many cases mutually unintelligible language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
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ChristianityFrom the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
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A Christmas tree is a decorated tree, usually an evergreen conifer such as spruce, pine, or fir or an artificial tree of similar appearance, associated with the celebration of Christmas.
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City chicken (also known in some locations as mock drumsticks or mock chicken) is an entrée consisting of cubes of meat (usually pork), which have been placed on a wooden skewer (approximately 4–5 inches long), then fried and/or baked.
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Clarks Summit is a borough in Lackawanna County northwest of Scranton in northeastern Pennsylvania, United States.
A comma-separated values (CSV) file stores tabular data (numbers and text) in plain text.
The Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania is one of Pennsylvania's two intermediate appellate courts.
The Commonwealth System of Higher Education is a statutory designation by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania that confers "state-related" status on four universities located within the state.
In the United States, community colleges (once commonly called junior colleges) are primarily two-year public institutions of higher education.
Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre, and the middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters — people who travel on a daily basis.
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The Conestoga wagon is a heavy, covered wagon that was used extensively during the late eighteenth century and the nineteenth century in the United States and Canada.
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Conneaut Lake Park is a summer amusement resort, located in Conneaut Lake, Pennsylvania, USA.
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Connellsville is a city in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, USA, 57 miles (92 km) southeast of Pittsburgh on the Youghiogheny River, a tributary of the Monongahela River.
Conscience is an aptitude, faculty, intuition or judgment that assists in distinguishing right from wrong.
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Coordinated Universal Time (temps universel coordonné), abbreviated as UTC, is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time.
The genus Coronilla contains about 20 species of flowering plants native to Europe and North Africa.
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The council–manager government form is one of two predominant forms of local government in the United States; the other common form of local government is the mayor–council government form, which characteristically occurs in large cities.
In the United States, a county is a political and geographic subdivision of a state, usually assigned some governmental authority.
A county commission (also known as a board of county commissioners) is a group of elected officials charged with administering the county government in some states of the United States.
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Creation Festival (officially "Creation Festivals") consists of two annual, four-day Christian music festivals held in the United States, called Creation Northeast and Creation Northwest.
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Pennsylvania Dutch cuisine is the typical and traditional fare of the Pennsylvania Dutch.
Dauphin County is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
The Declaration of Rights and Grievances was a document written by the Stamp Act Congress and passed on October 19, 1765.
Delaware is a state located in the Northeast megalopolis region and the Northeastern region of the United States.
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The Delaware River is a major river on the Atlantic coast of the United States.
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Culturally, the Delaware Valley is taken by various commercial media and advertising venues to mean the Philadelphia metropolitan area, but geographically, geologically, and historically the term used to refer to the valley through which the Delaware River flows.
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The Delaware Water Gap is a water gap on the border of the U.S. states of New Jersey and Pennsylvania where the Delaware River cuts through a large ridge of the Appalachian Mountains.
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DelGrosso's Amusement Park is a family-oriented amusement park located in Tipton, Pennsylvania, a northern suburb of Altoona, Pennsylvania.
The Delmarva Peninsula or simply Delmarva is a large peninsula on the East Coast of the United States, occupied by most of Delaware and portions of Maryland and Virginia.
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The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party to its right.
Dickinson College is a private, residential liberal arts college in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, United States.
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Dominic F. Pileggi is an American politician from Pennsylvania who has represented the 9th district, which includes portions of Chester and Delaware Counties, since late 2002.
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Dominican Americans (domínico-americanos, norteamericanos de origen dominicano or estadounidenses de origen dominicano) are Americans who have full or partial origin from the Dominican Republic.
Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom is an amusement and water park owned and operated by Cedar Fair Entertainment Company and located outside Allentown, Pennsylvania.
Downtown Pittsburgh, colloquially referred to as the Golden Triangle and officially the Central Business District, is the urban downtown center of Pittsburgh.
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The Duke of York is a title of nobility in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
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Duncannon is a borough in Perry County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Dunmore is a borough in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, adjoining Scranton.
The Dutch American ethnic group in the United States consists of people who identify with Dutch ancestry.
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Dutch Wonderland is a amusement park just east of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, appealing primarily to families with small children.
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Early American currency went through several stages of development in colonial and post-Revolutionary history of the United States.
East Keating Township is a township in Clinton County, Pennsylvania, United States.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, also referred to as the Orthodox Church, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Orthodoxy, is the second largest Christian Church in the world, with an estimated 225–300 million adherents.
The Eastern Time Zone (ET) is a time zone encompassing 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States, parts of eastern Canada, the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico, Panama in Central America and the Caribbean Islands.
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Easton is a city in and the county seat of Northampton County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Edward Gene "Ed" Rendell (born January 5, 1944) is an American politician who served as the 45th Governor of Pennsylvania, from 2003 to 2011.
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Edwin Laurentine Drake (March 29, 1819 – November 9, 1880), also known as Colonel Drake, was the first to successfully drill for oil.
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Eggs are laid by female animals of many different species, including birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish, and have been eaten by humans for thousands of years.
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An electoral college is a set of electors who are selected to elect a candidate to a particular office.
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An electric locomotive is a locomotive powered by electricity from overhead lines, a third rail or on-board energy storage such as a battery or fuel cell.
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English Americans, also referred to as Anglo-Americans, are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England, a constituent country of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
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English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
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The Erie BayHawks are a professional basketball team based in Erie, Pennsylvania.
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Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Erie International Airport (Tom Ridge Field) is a public airport five miles (8 km) southwest of Erie, in Erie County.
The Erie (also Erieehronon, Eriechronon, Riquéronon, Erielhonan, Eriez, Nation du Chat) were a Native American people historically living on the south shore of Lake Erie.
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The Erie Plain is a lacustrine plain that borders Lake Erie in North America.
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The Erie Zoo (formally Erie Zoological Park and Botanical Garden of Northwestern Pennsylvania), is a zoological park in Erie, Pennsylvania.
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Erie is a city located in northwestern Pennsylvania, United States.
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ESPN (originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is a U.S.-based global cable and satellite television channel owned by ESPN Inc., a joint venture between The Walt Disney Company (which operates the network) and the Hearst Corporation (which owns a 20% minority share).
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Eugene Anthony DePasquale (born August 3, 1971) is a Democratic politician who is serving as the Pennsylvania Auditor General.
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The Evangelical and Reformed Church (E&R) was a Protestant Christian denomination in the United States.
The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) is a mainline Protestant denomination headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
Evangelicalism, Evangelical Christianity, or Evangelical Protestantism is a worldwide, transdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity, maintaining that the essence of the gospel consists in the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.
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The term export means shipping the goods and services out of the port of a country.
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Farmington is a census-designated place located in Wharton Township in Fayette County in the state of Pennsylvania.
Fasnacht, Sometimes spelled Fastnacht, Faschnacht, Fosnot, Fosnaught, Fausnaught, is an English name for a fried doughnut served traditionally in the days of Carnival / Fastnacht or on (Shrove Tuesday), the day before Lent starts.
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The Lampyridae are a family of insects in the beetle order Coleoptera.
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The First Continental Congress was a meeting of delegates from twelve of the thirteen colonies that met on September 5 to October 26, 1774 at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, early in the American Revolution.
A first language (also native language, mother tongue, arterial language, or L1) is the language or are the languages a person has learned from birth or within the critical period, or that a person speaks the best and so is often the basis for sociolinguistic identity.
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First university in the United States is a status asserted by more than one U.S. university.
The coat of arms of Pennsylvania is an official emblem of the state, alongside the seal and state flag, and was adopted in 1778.
A flue is a duct, pipe, or opening in a chimney for conveying exhaust gases from a fireplace, furnace, water heater, boiler, or generator to the outdoors.
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Fort Casimir was a Dutch fort in the seventeenth-century colony of New Netherland.
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Fort Christina (later renamed Fort Altena; Fort Kristina) was the first Swedish settlement in North America and the principal settlement of the New Sweden colony.
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The Fortune 500 is an annual list compiled and published by Fortune magazine that ranks 500 large U.S. corporations as ranked by their gross revenue, after adjustments made by Fortune to exclude the impact of excise taxes companies incur.
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The term Founding Fathers of the United States of America refers broadly to those individuals of the Thirteen British Colonies in North America who led the American Revolution against the authority of the British Crown and established the United States of America.
The Frame of Government of Pennsylvania was a constitution for the Province of Pennsylvania, a proprietary colony granted to William Penn by Charles II of England.
Frank Dermody (born May 29, 1951) is a Democratic member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, representing the 33rd Legislative District since 1991.
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Franklin County is a county located in South Central Pennsylvania.
Freedom of religion or freedom of belief is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or community, in public or private, to manifest religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance; the concept is generally recognized also to include the freedom to change religion or not to follow any religion.
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French Canadians (also referred to as Franco-Canadians or Canadiens; Canadien(ne)s français(es)) are a major North American ethnic group of Canadian citizens who trace their French ancestry from the descendants of colonists from France who arrived in New France (Canada) in the 17th and 18th centuries.
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French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language, belonging to the Indo-European family.
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Frito-Lay, Inc. is the division of PepsiCo that manufactures, markets and sells corn chips, potato chips and other snack foods.
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Fungiculture is the process of producing food, medicine, and other products by the cultivation of mushrooms and other fungi.
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Gallup, Inc., is an American research-based, global performance-management consulting company.
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GE Transportation, formerly known as GE Rail, is a division of General Electric.
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Vice Admiral Sir George Carteret, 1st Baronet (c. 1610 – 18 January 1680 N.S.), son of Elias de Carteret, was a royalist statesman in Jersey and England, who served in the Clarendon Ministry as Treasurer of the Navy.
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George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009, and the 46th Governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000.
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German Americans (Deutschamerikaner) are Americans who are of German descent.
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German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.
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Gertrude Hawk Chocolates is a chocolate company based in Dunmore, Pennsylvania.
Gettysburg is a borough and the county seat of Adams County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Glenn "G.T." Thompson (born July 27, 1959) is the U.S. Representative for, serving since 2009.
Godiva Chocolatier is a manufacturer of premium chocolates and related products.
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Grantville is an unincorporated community in East Hanover Township Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States.
A grape is a fruiting berry of the deciduous woody vines of the botanical genus Vitis.
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The Great Allentown Fair is an annual fair and agricultural show that is held in Allentown, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, in the United States.
The Great Dane is a large German breed of domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) known for its enormous body and great height.
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The Great Lakes (also called the Laurentian Great Lakes, or the Great Lakes of North America) are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located in northeastern North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.
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The Great Lakes region of North America is a bi-national Canadian-American region that includes portions of the eight U.S. states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin as well as the Canadian province of Ontario.
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Great Wolf Resorts is the world's largest chain of indoor water parks.
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Gross state product (GSP), or gross regional product (GRP), is a measurement of the economic output of a state or province (i.e., of a subnational entity).
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Hanover is a borough in York County, Pennsylvania, southwest of York and north-northwest of Baltimore, Maryland and is north of the Mason-Dixon line.
Harness racing is a form of horse racing in which the horses race at a specific gait (a trot or a pace).
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Harrah's Philadelphia Casino & Racetrack is a racino on the Chester, Pennsylvania waterfront.
The Harrisburg City Islanders are an American professional soccer team based in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, United States.
Harrisburg International Airport is a public airport in Lower Swatara Township, Pennsylvania, nine miles (15 km) southeast of Harrisburg.
Harrisburg (Pennsylvania German: Harrisbarig) is the capital city of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania and the county seat of Dauphin County.
Hazleton is a city in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States.
The H. J. Heinz Company, or Heinz, is an American food processing company with world headquarters in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
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Heinz Field is a stadium located in the North Shore neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
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Henry Ives Cobb (August 19, 1859 – March 27, 1931), born in Brookline, Massachusetts to Albert Adams and Mary Russell Candler Cobb, was a Chicago-based architect in the last decades of the 19th century, known for his designs in the Richardsonian Romanesque and Victorian Gothic styles.
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Herr's is a Nottingham, Pennsylvania-based brand of potato chips and other snack foods.
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The Hershey Bears are an American professional ice hockey team based in Hershey, Pennsylvania.
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Hershey is a census-designated place (CDP) in Derry Township, Dauphin County in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Hersheypark (known as Hershey Park until 1970) is a family theme park situated in Derry Township, Pennsylvania, United States, about east of Harrisburg, and west of Philadelphia.
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Hindi (हिन्दी hindī), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (मानक हिन्दी mānak hindī), is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
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Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans (hispanos, latinos) are Americans descending from the countries of Latin America and Iberia.
Home rule is the power of a constituent part (administrative division) of a state to exercise such of the state's powers of governance within its own administrative area that have been decentralized to it by the central government.
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Honeycomb toffee, sponge toffee or cinder toffee is a sugary toffee with a light, rigid, sponge-like texture.
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Hot Tamales is a cinnamon candy manufactured by Just Born in the United States.
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The Houdini Museum was established in 1988 at 1433 N. Main Avenue in Scranton, Pennsylvania, USA.
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Human migration is the movement by people from one place to another with the intention of settling temporarily or permanently in the new location.
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A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russian German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters.
A humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa or Cwa) is a zone of subtropical climate characterised by hot, usually humid summers and mild to cool winters.
Hungarian Americans (Hungarian: amerikai magyarok) are Americans of Hungarian descent.
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Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping any animal, or pursuing it with the intent of doing so.
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Idlewild and Soak Zone, commonly known as Idlewild Park or simply Idlewild, is a family amusement park situated in the Laurel Highlands near Ligonier, Pennsylvania, United States, about east of Pittsburgh, along US Route 30.
Immigration to the United States is a complex demographic phenomenon that has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of the history of the United States.
An income tax is a government levy (tax) imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) that varies with the income or profits (taxable income) of the taxpayer.
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Independence Hall is where both the United States Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution were debated and adopted.
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The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the United States Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
The IndyCar Series (known as the Verizon INDYCAR Series for sponsorship reasons) is the premier level of American open wheel racing.
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The term inland port is used in two different but related ways to mean either a port on an inland waterway or an inland site carrying out some functions of a seaport.
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The Intelligencer Journal, known locally as the Intell, is the daily, morning newspaper published by Lancaster Newspapers, Inc in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
The International League (IL) is a minor league baseball league that operates in the eastern United States.
Interstate 476 (I-476) is a auxiliary Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania designated between Interstate 95 near Chester and Interstate 81 near Scranton, serving as the primary north–south Interstate corridor through eastern Pennsylvania.
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Interstate 79 (abbreviated I-79) is an Interstate Highway in the eastern United States, designated from Interstate 77 in Charleston, West Virginia to Pennsylvania Route 5 and Pennsylvania Route 290 in Erie, Pennsylvania.
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The transcontinental Interstate 80 (I-80) is designated across northern Pennsylvania as the Keystone Shortway, officially the Z.H. Confair Memorial Highway.
Interstate 81 is an north–south Interstate Highway, stretching from Dandridge, Tennessee to Fisher's Landing, New York at the United States/Canadian border.
Within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, Interstate 90 spans, all within Erie County, from the Ohio border near West Springfield to the New York border near North East.
The Irish American (Gaedheal-Mheiriceánaigh) ethnic group comprises Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Ireland, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics.
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Irish potato candy is a traditional Philadelphia confection that, despite its name, is not from Ireland, and does not usually contain any potato.
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The Iroquois, also known as the Haudenosaunee, are a historically powerful and important northeast Native American confederacy.
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Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence of religion, an indifference towards religion, a rejection of religion, or hostility towards religion.
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The Italian American (italoamericani) ethnic group comprises Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Italy, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics.
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Italian ice, also known as water ice (particularly in Philadelphia and the Delaware Valley), is a sweetened frozen dessert made with fruit (often from concentrates, juices or purées) or other natural or artificial food flavorings, similar to sorbet.
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Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, as a second language in Albania, Malta, Slovenia and Croatia, by minorities in Crimea, Eritrea, France, Libya, Monaco, Montenegro, Romania and Somalia, – Gordon, Raymond G., Jr.
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The Ivy League is a collegiate athletic conference comprising sports teams from eight private institutions of higher education in the Northeastern United States.
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James Buchanan, Jr. (April 23, 1791June 1, 1868) was the 15th President of the United States (1857–1861), serving immediately prior to the American Civil War.
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Chester James Carville, Jr. (born October 25, 1944) is an American political commentator and media personality who is a prominent figure in the Democratic Party.
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James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
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James Smith (1737–1812 or 1814) was a frontiersman, farmer and soldier in British North America.
Jay Costa is a Democratic member of the Pennsylvania State Senate who has represented the 43rd District since 1996.
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Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.
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Jennerstown Speedway is a racetrack in Jennerstown, Pennsylvania, United States.
Jennerstown is a borough in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, United States.
James Michael Furyk (born May 12, 1970) is an American professional golfer who plays on the PGA Tour.
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James "Jim" Gerlach (born February 25, 1955) is the former U.S. Representative for, serving from 2003 to 2015.
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Joseph Vincent "Joe" Paterno (December 21, 1926 – January 22, 2012), sometimes referred to as "JoePa", was an American college football player and coach who was the head coach of the Penn State Nittany Lions from 1966 to 2011.
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Joseph R. "Joe" Pitts (born October 10, 1939) is the United States House of Representatives for, serving since 1997.
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John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton (1602 – 28 August 1678) was an English royalist soldier.
John Dickinson (November 13 or 15, 1732These are Gregorian calendar dates. They are November 2 or 4 in the Julian calendar. – February 14, 1808), a Founding Father of the United States, was a solicitor and politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Wilmington, Delaware known as the "Penman of the Revolution" for his twelve Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania, published individually in 1767 and 1768.
John Harris, Sr. (1673 – December 1748) emigrated from Britain to America late in the 17th century.
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John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is an American politician who is the 68th and current United States Secretary of State.
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John Sidney McCain III (born August 29, 1936) is the senior United States Senator from Arizona.
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Joseph B. "Joe" Scarnati (born January 2, 1962) is an American politician from the U.S. State of Pennsylvania.
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Joseph Miller Huston (February 23, 1866 – 1940) was an architect notable for designing the third (and current) Pennsylvania State Capitol in Harrisburg.
Judaism (from Iudaismus, derived from Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; in Hebrew:, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos) encompasses the religion, philosophy, culture and way of life of the Jewish people.
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Just Born is a candy manufacturer based in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in the United States.
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Kalmia latifolia, commonly called mountain-laurel, calico-bush, or spoonwood, is a species of flowering plant in the heather family, Ericaceae, that is native to the eastern United States.
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Kathleen Granahan Kane (born Kathleen Margaret Granahan; June 14, 1966) is an American lawyer and politician who is the Attorney General of Pennsylvania.
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Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Keith James Rothfus (born April 25, 1962) is the U.S. Representative for Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district.
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Kennywood is an amusement park located in West Mifflin, Pennsylvania.
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The Kentucky Derby is a horse race held annually in Louisville, Kentucky, United States, on the first Saturday in May, capping the two-week-long Kentucky Derby Festival.
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A keystone is the wedge-shaped stone piece at the apex of a masonry vault or arch, which is the final piece placed during construction and locks all the stones into position, allowing the arch to bear weight.
The Keystone Corridor is a 349-mile (562 km) railroad line between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
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Amtrak's 195-mile (314 km) Keystone Service provides frequent higher speed passenger train service along the Amtrak-owned Keystone Corridor between the Harrisburg Transportation Center in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania and 30th Street Station in Philadelphia.
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King of Prussia is a census-designated place in Upper Merion Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Knoebels Amusement Resort is a family-owned and operated amusement park, picnic grove, and campground in Elysburg, Pennsylvania.
Korean (조선말, see below) is the official language of both South Korea and North Korea, as well as one of the two official languages in China's Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture.
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La Salle University is a private, co-educational, Roman Catholic university located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. Named for St. Jean-Baptiste de La Salle, the university was founded in 1863 by the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools.
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Lafayette College is a private liberal arts college located in Easton, Pennsylvania, United States.
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Lake Erie (Lac Érié) is the fourth largest lake (by surface area) of the five Great Lakes in North America, and the thirteenth largest globally if measured in terms of surface area.
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Lake Erie Speedway is a 3/8 mile (0.6 km) paved, banked oval race track which opened on June 21, 2002 in Erie County, Pennsylvania south of North East, Pennsylvania, United States.
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The Lake Shore Limited is an overnight Amtrak passenger train service between Chicago and the Northeastern United States.
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Lakemont Park, located in Altoona, Pennsylvania, houses the world's oldest-surviving roller coaster, the Leap-The-Dips.
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The Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup, commonly known as the U.S. Open Cup, is a knock-out cup competition in American soccer.
Lancaster County, (Pennsylvania German: Lengeschder Kaundi) sometimes nicknamed the Garden Spot of America or Pennsylvania Dutch Country, is a county located in the south central part of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Lancaster (Pennsylvania Dutch: Lengeschder) is a city located in South Central Pennsylvania which serves as the seat of Pennsylvania's Lancaster County and one of the oldest inland towns in the United States, (along with Springfield, Massachusetts; Petersburg, Virginia; Schenectady, New York, and several other early settlements).
A land-grant university (also called land-grant college or land-grant institution) is an institution of higher education in the United States designated by a state to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890.
Latrobe is a city in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania in the United States and part of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area.
Lebanon, formerly known as Steitztown, is a city in and the county seat of Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Lehigh University is an American private research university located in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.
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The Lehigh Valley, known officially by the United States Census Bureau and the United States Office of Management and Budgethttp://www.whitehouse.gov/omb as the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Metropolitan Statistical Area and referred to informally and locally as The Valley is a metropolitan region officially consisting of Carbon, Lehigh and Northampton counties in eastern Pennsylvania and Warren county on the western edge of New Jersey, in the United States.
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Lehigh Valley International Airport (formerly Allentown–Bethlehem–Easton International Airport) is a public airport in Hanover Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania.
The Lehigh Valley IronPigs are a minor league baseball team that plays in the International League.
The Lehigh Valley Phantoms are a professional ice hockey team in the American Hockey League (AHL), whose inaugural season started in the 2014–15 AHL season when the Adirondack Phantoms moved from Glens Falls, New York to Allentown, Pennsylvania.
The Lehigh Valley Zoo is a zoo located in Schnecksville, Pennsylvania, United States, inside the Trexler Nature Preserve.
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Lehighton (pronounced Lee-HIGH-ton) is a borough in Carbon County, Pennsylvania, United States, north-northwest of Philadelphia.
The Lenape are a Native American tribe and First Nations band government.
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Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania is a series of essays written by the Pennsylvania lawyer and legislator John Dickinson (1732–1808) and published under the name "A Farmer" from 1767 to 1768.
Lewes is an incorporated city on the Delaware Bay in eastern Sussex County, Delaware.
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The Libertarian Party of Pennsylvania is the Pennsylvania affiliate of the Libertarian Party.
The lieutenant governor is a constitutional officer of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Light rail or light rail transit (LRT) is urban public transport using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.
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There are 120 state parks in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, as of 2012.
This list of preserved historic blast furnaces contains decommissioned blast furnaces, of which substantial remains survive.
The United States of America is a federal republic consisting of 50 states, one federal district (Washington, D.C.), and one incorporated territory (Palmyra Atoll).
All of the United States' 50 states have a state motto, as do the District of Columbia and three US territories.
This is a list of state beverages as designated by the various states of the United States.
This is a list of U.S. state birds as designated by each state's legislature.
Eleven states of the United States have designated an official state dog breed.
This is a list of official and *unofficial U.S. state fishes.
This is a list of U.S. state flowers.
Most American states have made a state fossil designation, in many cases during the 1980s.
State insects are designated by 45 individual states of the fifty United States.
This is a list of official U.S. state ships as designated by each state's legislature.
Forty-nine of the fifty U.S. states that make up the United States of America have one or more state songs, which are selected by each state legislature, and/or state governor, as a symbol (or emblem) of that particular U.S. state.
This is a list of U.S. state trees, including official trees of the following states and U.S. possessions.
This is a complete list of the states of the United States and its major territories ordered by total area, land area, and water area.
This is a list of U.S. states by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of April 1, 2010, the date of the 2010 United States Census.
This is a list of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union.
This article includes a sortable table listing the 50 United States by population density, population rank, and land area.
Please see the following lists.
Little League Baseball and Softball (officially, Little League International) is a non-profit organization based in South Williamsport, Pennsylvania, United States, which organizes local youth baseball and softball leagues throughout the U.S. and the rest of the world.
The Little League Baseball World Series is an annual baseball tournament for children aged 11 to 13 years old.
A lock is a device used for raising and lowering boats, ships and other watercraft between stretches of water of different levels on river and canal waterways.
Long Pond is an unincorporated community in Monroe County in the Pocono mountains region of Pennsylvania, a part of the Appalachian mountains.
The long rifle, also known as longrifle, Kentucky rifle, or Pennsylvania rifle, was one of the first commonly used rifles for hunting and warfare.
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A lottery is a form of gambling which involves the drawing of lots for a prize.
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Louis J. Barletta (born January 28, 1956) is an American politician who has been the U.S. Representative for since 2011.
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Love Park (official name: JFK Plaza) is a plaza located in Center City, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
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Lung cancer, also known as carcinoma of the lung or pulmonary carcinoma, is a malignant lung tumor characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung.
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The Maine Historical Society is the official state historical society of Maine and is located in Portland.
The mainline Protestant churches (also called mainstream American Protestant and oldline Protestant) are a group of Protestant churches in the United States that contrast in history and practice with evangelical, fundamentalist, and charismatic Protestant denominations.
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Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), known in some English-speaking countries as corn, is a large grain plant domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times.
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Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization that is the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.
Major League Soccer (MLS) is a professional soccer league, sanctioned by U.S. Soccer, that represents the sport's highest level in both the United States and Canada.
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In U.S. politics, the majority floor leader is a partisan position in a legislative body.
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Manheim Township is a township in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania established in 1729, which southernmost border meets the city limits of Lancaster.
Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.
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Mario Gabriele Andretti (born February 28, 1940) is a retired Italian American world champion racing driver, one of the most successful Americans in the history of the sport.
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Mars, Inc. is an American global manufacturer of confectionery, pet food, and other food products with US$33 billion in annual sales in 2013, and is ranked as the 6th largest privately held company in the United States by Forbes.
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Martin's Famous Pastry Shoppe, Inc. is a family owned and operated consumer goods company headquartered in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, United States.
Maryland is a state located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
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The Mason–Dixon line, also called Mason's and Dixon's line, was surveyed between 1763 and 1767 by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon in the resolution of a border dispute involving Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware in Colonial America.
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Massachusetts, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
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Matthew Alton "Matt" Cartwright (born May 1, 1961) is an American politician and attorney who has served as the United States Representative for Pennsylvania's 17th congressional district since 2013.
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The mayor–council government system is one of the two most common forms of local government in the United States.
McCandless is a Home Rule Municipality in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States.
A Medical school in the United States is a four-year graduate institution with the purpose of educating physicians in the field of medicine.
Mexican Americans (mexico-americanos or estadounidenses de origen mexicano) are Americans of full or partial Mexican descent.
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Michael F. "Mike" Doyle (born August 5, 1953) is the U.S. Representative for, serving in Congress since 1995.
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Michael Joseph 'Mike' Stack III (born June 5, 1963) is an American politician who is the 33rd and current Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania.
Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet application developed by Microsoft for Microsoft Windows,, and iOS.
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The Mid-Atlantic, also called Middle Atlantic states or the Mid-Atlantic states, form a region of the United States of America generally located between New England and the South Atlantic States.
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Mike and Ike is a brand of fruit-flavored candies.
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Michael G. "Mike" Fitzpatrick (born June 28, 1963) is an American politician and member of the Republican Party who serves as the U.S. Representative for.
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George Joseph "Mike" Kelly, Jr. (born May 10, 1948), is an American politician in the Republican Party who has been the U.S. Representative for since 2011.
Michael Coyne Turzai (born August 2, 1959) is an American politician currently serving as a member and Speaker of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives.
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A military volunteer is a person who enlists in military service by free will, and is not a mercenary or a foreign legionnaire.
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In U.S. politics, the minority leader is the floor leader of the second largest caucus in a legislative body.
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The Modern Language Association of America, often referred to as the Modern Language Association (MLA), is the principal professional association in the United States for scholars of language and literature.
Mohegan Sun Pocono (formerly Pocono Downs and Mohegan Sun at Pocono Downs) is a racino located in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.
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Moosic is a borough in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, six miles (9 km) south of Scranton and northeast of Wilkes-Barre on the Lackawanna River.
The Moravian Church (Unitas Fratrum, meaning "Unity of the Brethren"; Moravští bratři) is one of the oldest Protestant denominations in the world, with its heritage dating back to the Bohemian Reformation in the fifteenth century.
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Motocross is a form of off-road motorcycle racing held on enclosed off-road circuits.
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Mount Davis is the highest point in Pennsylvania.
Multiculturalism describes the existence, acceptance, or promotion of multiple cultural traditions within a single jurisdiction, usually considered in terms of the culture associated with an ethnic group.
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Multiracial Americans are Americans who have mixed ancestry of "two or more races".
Musikfest is an American music festival that has been held annually in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, United States, since 1984, and it claims to be the nation's largest non-gated free music festival.
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The National Aviary, located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, is the only independent indoor nonprofit aviary in the United States.
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The National Banking Acts of 1863 and 1864 were two United States federal banking acts that established a system of national banks for banks, and created the United States National Banking System.
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The National Basketball Association (NBA) is the pre-eminent men's professional basketball league in North America, and is widely considered to be the premier men's professional basketball league in the world.
The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC).
The National Hockey League (NHL; Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey league composed of 30 member clubs: 23 in the United States and 7 in Canada.
The National Hot Rod Association (NHRA) is a drag racing governing body, which sets rules in drag racing and hosts events all over the United States and Canada.
The National Lacrosse League (NLL) is a men's professional box lacrosse league in North America.
The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, known simply as the National League (NL), is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, and the world's oldest current professional team sports league.
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The National Sea Grant College Program is a program of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) within the U.S. Department of Commerce.
The space-grant colleges are institutions that are members of a network of 52 consortia formed for the purpose of outer space-related research.
In the United States, Native Americans are considered to be people whose pre-Columbian ancestors were indigenous to the lands within the nation's modern boundaries.
Native Hawaiians (Hawaiian: kānaka ʻōiwi, kānaka maoli, and Hawaiʻi maoli) are the indigenous Polynesian people of the Hawaiian Islands or their descendants.
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Nazareth Speedway was an auto racing facility in Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania which operated from 1910 to 2004 in two distinct course configurations.
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Nazareth is a borough in Northampton County, Pennsylvania, in the United States.
The NBA Development League, or NBA D-League, is the National Basketball Association's official minor league basketball organization.
Division I (D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the United States.
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The NCAA Division I Football Championship is an American college football tournament played each year to determine the champion of the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (FCS).
The North East Art Rock Festival, or NEARfest for short, was a multi-day event celebrating the resurgence of progressive and eclectic music in the United States and around the world.
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The Netherlands (Nederland) is the main "constituent country" (land) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
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New Amsterdam (Nieuw-Amsterdam) was a 17th-century Dutch settlement established at the southern tip of Manhattan Island, which served as the seat of the colonial government in New Netherland territory.
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New Castle is a city in New Castle County, Delaware, six miles (10 km) south of Wilmington, situated on the Delaware River.
New Jersey is a state in the Northeastern and Middle Atlantic regions of the United States.
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New Netherland (Dutch: Nieuw-Nederland, Latin: Nova Belgica or Novum Belgium) was a 17th-century colonial province of the Seven United Netherlands that was located on the East Coast of North America.
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New Sweden (Swedish: Nya Sverige, Uusi Ruotsi, Nova Svecia) was a Swedish colony along the lower reaches of Delaware River in North America from 1638 to 1655 in the present-day American Mid-Atlantic states of Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania.
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New York is a state in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
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Non-Hispanic whites or whites not of Hispanic or Latino origin are people in the United States, as defined by the Census Bureau, who are of the white race and are not of Hispanic or Latino origin/ethnicity.
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The North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88) is the vertical control datum of orthometric height established for vertical control surveying in the United States of America based upon the General Adjustment of the North American Datum of 1988.
North East is a borough in Erie County, Pennsylvania, United States, approximately northeast of Erie in the state's northwestern corner.
The Northern United States can be a geographic and/or historical term and definition.
Oceana Publications Inc. is a U.S.-based law publisher founded in 1948.
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Ohio is a state in the Midwestern United States.
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Old age consists of ages nearing or surpassing the life expectancy of human beings, and thus the end of the human life cycle.
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Old Forge is a borough in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, United States.
The Old Order Amish are a North American ethno-religious group consisting of some 2000 local churches.
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Old Order Mennonites form a branch of the Mennonite Protestant tradition.
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Ontario is one of the ten provinces of Canada, located in east-central Canada.
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The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a court has the power to review a lower court's decision.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the United States Commonwealth of Pennsylvania: The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is the sixth most populous of the 50 states of the United States of America.
Pacific Islander is a term used to refer to the people of the Pacific Islands.
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Palatine German or Pfaelzisch (Pälzisch; Pfälzisch) is a West Franconian dialect of German which is spoken in the Rhine Valley roughly in an area between the cities of Zweibrücken, Kaiserslautern, Alzey, Worms, Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Mannheim, Heidelberg, Speyer, Landau, Wörth am Rhein and the border to the Alsace region in France but also beyond.
Parker is a city located in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Parx Casino and Racing (formerly Philadelphia Park Racetrack and Casino) is a horse racing venue and the largest casino gaming complex in Pennsylvania.
Various terms are used for passenger rail lines and equipment-the usage of these terms differs substantially between areas.
Patrick Leo "Pat" Meehan (born October 20, 1955) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives, representing since January 3, 2011.
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Patrick Joseph "Pat" Toomey (born November 17, 1961) is an American businessman and politician.
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The Paxton Boys were frontiersmen of Scots-Irish origin from along the Susquehanna River in central Pennsylvania who formed a vigilante group to retaliate in 1763 against local American Indians in the aftermath of the French and Indian War and Pontiac's Rebellion.
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Peeps are marshmallow candies, sold in the United States and Canada, that are shaped into chicks, bunnies, and other animals.
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Hollywood Casino at Penn National Race Course is a thoroughbred horse racing track and casino in Grantville, Pennsylvania, east of Harrisburg.
The Penn Quakers football team is the college football team at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Penn Quakers men's basketball team is the college basketball program representing the University of Pennsylvania.
The Penn State Nittany Lions football team represents the Pennsylvania State University in college football.
Penn Treaty Park is a small park on the western bank of the Delaware River, in the Fishtown neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
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"Pennsylvania" is the official state song of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
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The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts is a museum and art school in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Pennsylvania Attorney General is the chief law enforcement officer of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
The Pennsylvania Auditor General is the chief fiscal officer of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
The Pennsylvania Code is a publication of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, listing all rules, regulations, and other administrative documents from the Government of Pennsylvania.
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The current Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, most recently revised in 1968, forms the law for the United States Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
The Pennsylvania Democratic Party is the affiliate of the Democratic Party in the state of Pennsylvania.
The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture (PDA) is a cabinet-level agency in Pennsylvania.
The Pennsylvania Department of General Services (DGS) is an agency of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania that is responsible for the purchasing of goods and services for the state government.
The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) oversees transportation issues in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
The Pennsylvania Dutch (Pennsilfaanisch Deitsch) are a cultural group formed by early German-speaking immigrants to Pennsylvania and their descendants.
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The Pennsylvania Film Production Tax Credit is a tax credit program supporting the production of feature films and television programs in Pennsylvania.
The Pennsylvania General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Pennsylvania German (Deitsch, Pennsylvania Deitsch, Pennsilfaanisch Deitsch, Hinterwäldler Deutsch, usually called Pennsylvania Dutch) is a variety of West Central German spoken by the Amish and Old Order Mennonites in the United States and Canada, closely related to the Palatine dialects.
The 2014 Pennsylvania gubernatorial election was held on November 4, 2014, to elect the Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania, concurrently with elections to the United States Senate in other states and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections.
The Pennsylvania House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Pennsylvania General Assembly, the legislature of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
The 2012 elections for the Pennsylvania House of Representatives were held on November 6, 2012, with all districts being contested.
The Pennsylvania Lottery is operated by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
The Pennsylvania Manual is a biennial guide to the Government of Pennsylvania produced by the Pennsylvania Department of General Services.
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The Pennsylvania State Capitol is the seat of government for the U.S. state of Pennsylvania and is in downtown Harrisburg.
The Pennsylvania State Senate has been meeting since 1791.
Pennsylvania's State System of Higher Education (PASSHE) is the largest provider of higher education in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and a large public university system in the United States.
The Pennsylvania State University (commonly referred to as Penn State or PSU) is a public, state-related research-intensive university with campuses and facilities throughout Pennsylvania.
The Pennsylvania State Treasurer is the head of The Pennsylvania Treasury Department, an independent department of state government.
The Pennsylvania Turnpike is a toll highway operated by the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
The Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission (PTC) was created in 1937 to construct, finance, operate, and maintain the Pennsylvania Turnpike.
Pennsylvania's 10th Congressional District is located in the central and northeast regions of the state.
Pennsylvania's 11th congressional district is in the east-central part of the state.
Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district is located in southwestern Pennsylvania, the 12th District consists of all of Beaver County, and parts of Allegheny, Cambria, Lawrence, Somerset, and Westmoreland Counties.
The 13th Congressional District of Pennsylvania is located in Southeastern Pennsylvania, covering eastern Montgomery County and Northeast Philadelphia.
Pennsylvania's 14th congressional district includes the entire city of Pittsburgh and parts of surrounding suburbs.
Pennsylvania's 15th Congressional District is located in eastern Pennsylvania.
Pennsylvania’s 16th congressional district is located in the southeastern part of the state, just west of Philadelphia.
Pennsylvania’s 17th congressional district is represented by Democrat Matthew Cartwright.
Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district includes parts of Washington County, Allegheny and Westmoreland Counties.
Pennsylvania's first congressional district includes primarily central and South Philadelphia, the City of Chester, the Philadelphia International Airport, and other small sections of Delaware County.
Pennsylvania's second district includes predominantly African American sections of the city of Philadelphia--West Philadelphia, North Philadelphia, and Northwest Philadelphia--in addition to parts of South Philadelphia, Center City, and western suburbs such as Lower Merion Township in Montgomery County.
Pennsylvania's third district is located in the northwestern part of the state and includes the cities of Erie, Sharon, Hermitage, Butler and Meadville.
Pennsylvania's fourth district is located in the south-central part of the state.
Pennsylvania's fifth district is the largest in area, and least densely populated, of all of Pennsylvania's congressional districts.
Pennsylvania's 6th Congressional District is a congressional district in the state of Pennsylvania.
Pennsylvania's 7th congressional district incorporates parts of the Philadelphia suburbs, including most of Delaware County along with portions of Chester County, Montgomery County, Berks County, and Lancaster County.
Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district serves Bucks County, along with portions of Montgomery County, in Pennsylvania.
Pennsylvania's 9th congressional district has been a relatively safe seat for the Republicans since 1933.
The Pennsylvanian is a 444-mile (715 km) daytime Amtrak train running between New York and Pittsburgh via Philadelphia.
Perry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Phacops rana (Eldredgeops rana) is a species of trilobite from the middle Devonian period.
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The basic requirement for pharmacists to be considered for registration is an undergraduate or postgraduate pharmacy degree from a recognized university.
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Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania and the fifth-most-populous in the United States.
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The Philadelphia 76ers (also commonly known as the Sixers) are an American professional basketball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
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The Big 5 is an informal association of college athletic programs in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
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Philadelphia County is a county located in the commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
The Philadelphia Eagles are a professional American football team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
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The Philadelphia Flyers are a professional ice hockey team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
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|Philadelphia Folk Festival Martin Stage The Philadelphia Folk Festival is an annual folk music festival near Schwenksville, Pennsylvania in the vicinity of Philadelphia.
Philadelphia International Airport, often referred to just by its IATA code PHL, is a major airport in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, and is the largest airport in the Delaware Valley region and in the state.
The Philadelphia Museum of Art is among the largest art museums in the United States.
The Philadelphia Phillies are an American professional baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Philadelphia Soul are a professional arena football team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
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The Philadelphia Union is an American professional soccer team based in the Philadelphia metropolitan area which competes in Major League Soccer (MLS) in the Eastern Conference of the league.
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The Philadelphia Wings were a member of the National Lacrosse League, a professional box lacrosse league in North America from 1986 until 2014.
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The Philadelphia Zoo, located in the Centennial District of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on the west bank of the Schuylkill River, was the first zoo in the United States.
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Photuris pensylvanica, known by the common names Pennsylvania firefly, lightning bug, and (in its larval state) glowworm, is a species of firefly from the United States and Canada.
The Piedmont is a plateau region located in the eastern United States between the Atlantic Coastal Plain and the main Appalachian Mountains, stretching from New Jersey in the north to central Alabama in the south.
Pierogi or pirogi (pronounced), also known as varenyky, are filled dumplings of East European origin.
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Pittsburgh is the second largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania with a population of 305,842 and the county seat of Allegheny County.
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Pittsburgh International Airport, formerly Greater Pittsburgh Airport, Greater Pittsburgh International Airport and commonly referred to as Pittsburgh International, is a civil–military international airport in the United States' city of Pittsburgh suburbs of Findlay Township and Moon Township, about west of downtown Pittsburgh at Exit 53 of I-376 and the northern (signed as western) terminus of PA Turnpike 576 (Future I-576).
The Pittsburgh Panthers, commonly also referred to as the Pitt Panthers, are the athletic teams representing the University of Pittsburgh, although the term is colloquially used to refer to other aspects of the university such as alumni, faculty, and students.
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The Pittsburgh Penguins are a professional ice hockey team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
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The Pittsburgh Pirates are an American professional baseball team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, that competes in Major League Baseball (MLB).
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The Pittsburgh Power was a professional arena football team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.
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The Pittsburgh Riverhounds are an American professional soccer team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
The Pittsburgh Steelers are a professional American football team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
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The Pittsburgh Zoo is one of only six major zoo and aquarium combinations in the United States.
A nursery is a place where plants are propagated and grown to usable size.
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PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. (stylized as PNC) is an American financial services corporation, with assets (as of December 31, 2014) of approximately $345.2 billion.
Poaching has traditionally been defined as the illegal hunting, killing, or capturing of wild animals, usually associated with land use rights.
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Pocono Raceway (formerly Pocono International Raceway) also known as the Tricky Triangle, is a superspeedway located in the Pocono Mountains of Pennsylvania at Long Pond.
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Polish Americans are Americans who are of total or partial Polish descent.
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Polish (język polski, polszczyzna) is a Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and the native language of the Poles.
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Political freedom (also known as political autonomy or political agency) is a central concept in history and political thought and one of the most important (real or ideal) features of democratic societies.
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The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
The Polka is a Central European dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas.
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Pontiac's War, Pontiac's Conspiracy, or Pontiac's Rebellion was a war that was launched in 1763 by a loose confederation of elements of Native American tribes primarily from the Great Lakes region, the Illinois Country, and Ohio Country who were dissatisfied with British postwar policies in the Great Lakes region after the British victory in the French and Indian War (1754–1763).
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Port Authority of Allegheny County (also known as the Port Authority and formerly as Port Authority Transit (PAT) and PATransit) is the second-largest public transit agency in Pennsylvania and the 16th-largest in the United States.
The Port of Philadelphia, within the municipal boundaries of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is located near the navigable end of the Delaware River.
Pottsville is a city in, and the county seat of, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, United States.
PPG Industries is an American global supplier of paints, coatings, optical products, specialty materials, chemicals, glass, and fiberglass.
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The Preakness Stakes is an American flat thoroughbred horse race held on the third Saturday in May each year at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland.
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The Presbyterian Church (USA), or PC(USA), is a mainline Protestant Christian denomination in the United States.
The President of the United States of America (POTUS) is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.
A president pro tempore is a constitutionally recognized officer of a legislative body who presides over the chamber in the absence of the normal presiding officer.
Presque Isle Downs and Casino is a casino and horse racing track near Erie, Pennsylvania, owned and operated by Eldorado Resorts.
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A pretzel (Brezel or Breze) is a type of baked bread product made from dough most commonly shaped into a twisty knot.
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Primanti Brothers (Pittsburgh English:, Standard English: or) is a chain of sandwich shops in the eastern United States.
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The Professional Golfers' Association of America (PGA of America) is an American organization of golf professionals.
A property tax (or millage tax) is a levy on property that the owner is required to pay.
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Protestantism is a form of Christian faith and practice which originated with the Protestant Reformation, a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church.
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The Province of New York (1664–1783) was an English and later British crown territory that originally included all of the present U.S. states of New York, New Jersey, Delaware and Vermont, along with inland portions of Connecticut, Massachusetts and Maine, as well as eastern Pennsylvania.
The Province of Pennsylvania, also known as the Pennsylvania Colony, was founded in English North America by William Penn on March 4, 1681 as dictated in a royal charter granted by King Charles II.
Pennsylvania Railroad 1361 is a 4-6-2 pacific type steam locomotive built in 1918 for the Pennsylvania Railroad by their own Altoona Works.
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PRR 3750 is a Pennsylvania Railroad K4s steam locomotive located in the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania, outside of Strasburg, Pennsylvania in the United States.
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PRR 4859 is a GG1-class electric locomotive located in the Harrisburg Transportation Center in Harrisburg in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
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A public university is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government, as opposed to private universities.
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A Puerto Rican American (puertorriqueño-americano, puertorriqueño-estadounidense), or Stateside Puerto Rican, is a seldom used term for a resident of the United States who was "born in Puerto Rico or who traces their family ancestry to Puerto Rico." Puerto Ricans, either born in the island or in the states, are American citizens.
The Quakers (or Religious Society of Friends) is a Christian movement which professes the priesthood of all believers, a doctrine it derives from.
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Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin (the only categories for ethnicity).
In the United States, railroads are classified as Class I, II or III, as established by the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) for the year ending June 30, 1911.
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Reading (is the county seat of Berks County and with a population of 87,812 is the fifth-largest city in Pennsylvania. According to the 2010 census, Reading has the highest share of citizens living in poverty in the nation. Located in southeastern Pennsylvania, it is the principal city of the Greater Reading Area. The city, approximately halfway between Philadelphia and the state capital at Harrisburg, is strategically situated along a major transportation route from Central to Eastern Pennsylvania, and lent its name to the now-defunct Reading Railroad, which transported anthracite coal from the Pennsylvania Coal Region to the eastern United States via the Port of Philadelphia. Reading Railroad is one of the four railroad properties in the classic United States version of the Monopoly board game. Reading was one of the first localities where outlet shopping became a tourist industry. It has been known as "The Pretzel City" because of numerous local pretzel bakeries. Currently, Bachman, Dieffenbach, Tom Sturgis, and Unique Pretzel bakeries call the Reading area home.
A referendum (in some countries synonymous with plebiscite — or a vote on a ballot question) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to vote on a particular proposal.
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The Republican Party, commonly referred to as GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
The Republican Party of Pennsylvania is based in Harrisburg in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Rhode Island, officially the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States.
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The Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, also called the Ridge and Valley Province or the Valley and Ridge Appalachians, are a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian division and are also a belt within the Appalachian Mountains extending from southeastern New York through northwestern New Jersey, westward into Pennsylvania and southward into Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, Georgia and Alabama.
The ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus) is a medium-sized grouse occurring in forests from the Appalachian Mountains across Canada to Alaska.
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Russian Americans are primarily Americans who trace their ancestry to Russia.
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Russian (ру́сский язы́к, russkiy yazyk, pronounced) is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.
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A sales tax is a tax paid to a governing body for the sales of certain goods and services.
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Samuel H. "Sam" Smith (born August 10, 1955) is a Republican member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives for the 66th District and was elected in 1986.
Sandcastle is a water park located in the Pittsburgh suburb of West Homestead.
Sands Casino Resort Bethlehem is a casino located in the Bethlehem Works development site in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania in the Lehigh Valley region of eastern Pennsylvania, in the United States.
Sauerkraut, directly translated: "sour cabbage", is finely cut cabbage that has been fermented by various lactic acid bacteria, including Leuconostoc, Lactobacillus, and Pediococcus.
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A school district is a form of special-purpose district which serves to operate local public primary and secondary schools.
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Scotch-Irish (or Scots-Irish) Americans are American descendants of Presbyterian and other Ulster Protestant Dissenters from the Irish province of Ulster who migrated to North America during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Scott Gordon Perry (born May 27, 1962) is the U.S Representative for, serving since 2013.
Scottish Americans or Scots Americans (Scottish Gaelic: Ameireaganaich Albannach) are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in Scotland, a constituent country of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
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Scranton is the sixth-largest city in the State of Pennsylvania behind Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, Erie and Reading.
The Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders are a professional minor league baseball team based in Moosic, Pennsylvania in the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre area.
Scrapple, also known by the Pennsylvania Dutch name panhaas or "pan rabbit," is traditionally a mush of pork scraps and trimmings combined with cornmeal and wheat flour, often buckwheat flour, and spices.
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The Great Seal of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is the state seal for the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
The Second Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the summer of 1775, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, soon after warfare in the American Revolutionary War had begun.
The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) is a metropolitan and regional transportation agency and authority that operates various forms of public transit—bus, subway and elevated rail, commuter rail, light rail and electric trolleybus—that serves 3.9 million people in and around Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.
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Sesame Place is a children's theme park, located on the outskirts of Langhorne, Pennsylvania based on the Sesame Street television program.
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The Shawnee or Shawnee nation (Shaawanwaki, Ša˙wano˙ki and Shaawanowi lenaweeki) are an Algonquian-speaking tribe indigenous to North America.
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Shoofly pie (or shoo-fly pie) is a molasses pie considered traditional among the Pennsylvania Dutch.
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Silage is fermented, high-moisture stored fodder which can be fed to ruminants (cud-chewing animals such as cattle and sheep) or used as a biofuel feedstock for anaerobic digesters.
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A skateboard is a type of sports equipment used primarily for the activity of skateboarding.
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The skull is a bony structure in the head of most vertebrates (in particular, craniates) that supports the structures of the face and forms a protective cavity for the brain.
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Slavery in the United States was the legal institution of human chattel slavery that existed in the United States of America in the 18th and 19th centuries after it gained independence and before the end of the American Civil War.
Slovak Americans are Americans of Slovak descent.
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Smarty Jones (February 28, 2001) is a thoroughbred race horse and winner of the 2004 Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes.
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Smithton is a borough in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Snyder's of Hanover is an American bakery and snack food distribution company based in Hanover, Pennsylvania, specializing in pretzels.
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Sod or turf is grass and the part of the soil beneath it held together by the roots, or a piece of thin material.
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Souderton is a borough in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania.
South Central Pennsylvania is a region of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania that includes the fourteen counties of Adams, Cumberland, Dauphin, Franklin, Huntingdon, Juniata, Lancaster, Lebanon, Mifflin, Perry, Snyder, and York.
South Williamsport is a borough in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, United States.
The Southern United States—commonly referred to as the American South, Dixie, or simply the South—is a region of the United States of America.
Spanish (español), also called Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers.
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The speaker of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives holds the oldest statewide elected office in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Splash Lagoon Indoor Waterpark Resort is a Polynesian-themed large indoor waterpark located in Erie, Pennsylvania.
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The NASCAR Sprint Cup Series (often shortened to Sprint Cup or the Cup Series) is the top racing series of the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR).
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The Papal Basilica of St.
The Stamp Act Congress or First Congress of the American Colonies was a meeting held between October 7 and 25, 1765 in New York City, consisting of representatives from some of the British colonies in North America; it was the first gathering of elected representatives from several of the American colonies to devise a unified protest against new British taxation.
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Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin and Putonghua, sometimes simply referred to as "Mandarin", is a standard language that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan, and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.
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The Stanley Cup (La Coupe Stanley) is the championship trophy awarded annually to the National Hockey League (NHL) playoff winner.
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State College is a home rule municipality in Centre County in the state of Pennsylvania.
Most individual U.S. states collect a state income tax in addition to federal income tax.
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A steam locomotive is a railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine.
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Stephen Hills (August 10, 1771 – October 17, 1844) was an architect notable for designing the original Pennsylvania State Capitol.
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Stromboli is a type of turnover filled with various cheeses, typically mozzarella, Italian meats such as salami, capicola and bresaola or vegetables.
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The Sturgis Pretzel House of Lititz, Pennsylvania, founded in 1861, is the oldest commercial pretzel bakery in the United States.
The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL), the highest level of professional football in the United States, culminating a season that begins in the late summer of the previous calendar year.
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The Superior Court of Pennsylvania is one of two Pennsylvania intermediate appellate courts, the other being the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania.
The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania is the highest court in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
The Susquehanna River (Lenape: Siskëwahane) is a river located in the northeastern United States.
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The Susquehannock people, also called the Conestoga (by the English) were Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans who lived in areas adjacent to the Susquehanna River and its tributaries from its upper reaches in the southern part of what is now New York (and the lands of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy), through East-central and central Pennsylvania (West of the Poconos and the Delaware nations), with lands extending beyond the mouth of the Susquehanna in Maryland along the west bank of the Potomac at the north end of the Chesapeake Bay.
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Tamanend or Tammany or Tammamend, the "affable", (c. 1625–c. 1701) was a chief of one of the clans that made up the Lenni-Lenape nation in the Delaware Valley at the time Philadelphia was established.
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Tastykake is the brandname for a line of snack foods manufactured by the Tasty Baking Company, currently headquartered at the Philadelphia Naval Business Center (formerly the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
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Technical school is a general term used for a two-year college that provides mostly employment-preparation skills for trained labor, such as welding, culinary arts and office management.
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Telephone tapping (also wire tapping or wiretapping in American English) is the monitoring of telephone and Internet conversations by a third party, often by covert means.
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Temple University, commonly referred to as Temple, is a comprehensive public research university (formerly private) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.
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The Meadows Racetrack and Casino is a standardbred harness racing track and slot machine casino in North Strabane Township near Meadow Lands, Washington County, Pennsylvania, United States.
The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.
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The Patriot-News was the largest daily newspaper serving the Harrisburg, Pennsylvania metropolitan area.
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The Plain Dealer is the major daily newspaper of Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
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The York Water Company is an investor-owned, public utility company operating in Pennsylvania, USA.
Theodore Roosevelt (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919), often referred to as Teddy or TR, was an American statesman, author, explorer, soldier, naturalist, and reformer who served as the 26th President of the United States, from 1901 to 1909.
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The Thirteen Colonies, as of 1775, were British colonies on the east coast of North America which had been founded between 1607 (Virginia) and 1732 (Georgia), stretching from New England to the northern border of the Floridas (British East and West Florida).
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Thoroughbred horse racing is a worldwide sport and industry involving the racing of Thoroughbred horses.
Timothy "Tim" F. Murphy (born September 11, 1952) is the U.S. Representative for, serving since 2003.
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Titusville is a city in Crawford County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Thomas Anthony Marino (born August 13, 1952) is an American politician who has been the U.S. Representative for since 2011.
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Thomas Westerman "Tom" Wolf (born November 17, 1948) is an American politician and businessman who is the 47th and current Governor of Pennsylvania, since taking office on January 20, 2015.
A township in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, a federated state of the United States of America, is one of three types of municipalities in the state, along with cities and boroughs.
A transit bus (also commuter bus, city bus, public bus or simply bus) is a type of bus used on shorter-distance public transport bus services which include low-floor buses, double-decker buses, articulated buses and midibuses.
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The Treaty of Paris, signed in Paris by representatives of King George III of Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America on September 3, 1783, ended the American Revolutionary War.
The Treaty of Westminster of 1674 was the peace treaty that ended the Third Anglo-Dutch War.
Trilobites (meaning "three lobes") are a fossil group of extinct marine arthropods that form the class Trilobita.
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Tsuga canadensis, also known as eastern hemlock or Canadian hemlock, and in the French-speaking regions of Canada as Pruche du Canada, is a coniferous tree native to eastern North America.
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The Twelve-Mile Circle is an approximately circular arc which forms most of the boundary between the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the State of Delaware in the United States.
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A state of the United States of America is one of the 50 constituent political entities that shares its sovereignty with the United States federal government.
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The United States Steel Corporation, more commonly known as U.S. Steel, is an American integrated steel producer with major production operations in the United States, Canada, and Central Europe.
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Ukrainian Americans (Українці Америки, Українці у США; translit. Ukrayintsi Ameriki, Ukrayintsi u SShA) are Americans who are of Ukrainian ancestry.
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The Union Army was the land force that fought for the Union during the American Civil War, which lasted from 1861 to 1865.
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The United Church of Christ (UCC) is a mainline Protestant Christian denomination, primarily in the Reformed and Congregational tradition, with historical confessional roots in the Reformed, Congregational and Lutheran traditions.
The United Methodist Church (UMC) is a Methodist denomination that is mainline Protestant today.
The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE, also sometimes shortened to CoE is a U.S. federal agency under the Department of Defense and a major Army command made up of some 37,000 civilian and military personnel, making it one of the world's largest public engineering, design, and construction management agencies. Although generally associated with dams, canals and flood protection in the United States, USACE is involved in a wide range of public works throughout the world. The Corps of Engineers provides outdoor recreation opportunities to the public, and provides 24% of U.S. hydropower capacity. The corps' mission is to "Deliver vital public and military engineering services; partnering in peace and war to strengthen our Nation's security, energize the economy and reduce risks from disasters." Their most visible missions include.
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America.
The Declaration of Independence is the statement adopted by the Continental Congress meeting at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as thirteen newly independent sovereign states, and no longer a part of the British Empire.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
The United States Government Publishing Office (GPO) is an agency of the legislative branch of the United States federal government.
The House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the United States Congress (a bicameral legislature).
The United States presidential election of 1960 was the 44th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 1960.
The United States presidential election of 1964 was the 45th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1968 was the 46th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1968.
The United States presidential election of 1972 was the 47th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 1972.
The United States presidential election of 1976 was the 48th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 2, 1976.
The United States presidential election of 1980 was the 49th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1984 was the 50th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1988 was the 51st quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1992 was the 52nd quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1996 was the 53rd quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2000 was the 54th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2004 was the 55th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2008 was the 56th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2012 was the 57th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States Senate is a legislative chamber in the bicameral legislature of the United States, and together with the U.S. House of Representatives makes up the U.S. Congress.
The United States soccer league system, sometimes called the American soccer pyramid, is a series of professional and amateur association football leagues based, in whole or in part, in the United States.
The University of Pennsylvania (commonly referred to as Penn or UPenn) is a private, Ivy League, research university located in Philadelphia.
The University of Pittsburgh (commonly referred to as Pitt) is a state-related research university located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
The University of the Sciences (USciences), officially known as the University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, is a university in the Spruce Hill neighborhood of Philadelphia.
University Park Airport is a public airport located in Benner Township, Centre County, Pennsylvania.
Upper Darby Township (often shortened to simply Upper Darby) is a home rule township bordering West Philadelphia in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States.
The United Soccer Leagues Second Division (commonly referred to as USL-2) was a professional men's soccer league in the United States, part of the United Soccer Leagues (USL) league pyramid.
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USS Niagara, commonly called the US Brig Niagara or the Flagship Niagara, is a wooden-hulled brig that served as the relief flagship for Oliver Hazard Perry in the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812.
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Utah (or; (Áshįįh bi Tó Hahoodzo; Arapaho: Wo'tééneihí) is a state in the western United States. It became the 45th state admitted to the Union on January 4, 1896. Utah is the 13th-largest, the 33rd-most populous, and the 10th-least-densely populated of the 50 United States. Utah has a population of about 2.9 million, approximately 80% of whom live along the Wasatch Front, centering on Salt Lake City. Utah is bordered by Colorado to the east, Wyoming to the northeast, Idaho to the north, Arizona to the south, and Nevada to the west. It also touches a corner of New Mexico in the southeast. Approximately 62% of Utahns are reported to be members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints or LDS (Mormons), which greatly influences Utah culture and daily life. The world headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) is located in Utah's state capital, Salt Lake City., the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, pp 99–100. Retrieved July 2, 2008. Utah is the most religiously homogeneous state in the United States, the only state with a Mormon majority, and the only state with a majority population belonging to a single church. The state is a center of transportation, education, information technology and research, government services, mining, and a major tourist destination for outdoor recreation. In 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated that Utah had the second fastest-growing population of any state. St. George was the fastest–growing metropolitan area in the United States from 2000 to 2005. Utah also has the 14th highest median average income out of U.S. states, and has the 2nd highest income when adjusted for cost of living. A 2012 Gallup national survey found Utah overall to be the "best state to live in" based on 13 forward-looking measurements including various economic, lifestyle, and health-related outlook metrics.
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Utz Quality Foods, Inc., based in Hanover, Pennsylvania, is the largest independent privately held snack brand in the United States.
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Vietnamese (tiếng Việt) is an Austroasiatic language that originated in the north of Vietnam and is the national and official language of the country.
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Villanova University is a private university located in Radnor Township, a suburb northwest of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, within the Archdiocese of Philadelphia in the United States.
The Virginia Company refers collectively to a joint stock company chartered by James I on 10 April 1606 with the purposes of establishing settlements on the coast of North America.
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François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state.
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Waldameer Park and Water World is an amusement / water park in Erie, Pennsylvania located at the base of Presque Isle.
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Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., d.b.a. Walmart, is an American multinational retail corporation that operates a chain of discount department stores and warehouse stores.
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Most often, the term warrant refers to a specific type of authorization; a writ issued by a competent officer, usually a judge or magistrate, which permits an otherwise illegal act that would violate individual rights and affords the person executing the writ protection from damages if the act is performed.
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The Weeks Act is a federal law (36 Stat. 961) enacted by the US Congress on 1 March 1911, in the United States.
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Wells Fargo & Company is an American multinational banking and financial services holding company which is headquartered in San Francisco, California, with "hubquarters" throughout the country.
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Welsh Americans are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in Wales.
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West Central German belongs to the Central, High German dialect family in the German language.
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West Indian Americans or Caribbean Americans are Americans who can trace their ancestry to the Caribbean.
West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.
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White Americans are people of the United States who are considered or reported as White.
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The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the whitetail, is a medium-sized deer native to the United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, and South America as far south as Peru and Bolivia.
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Wilbur Chocolate is one of four brands manufactured by Cargill Cocoa & Chocolate North America.
Wilkes-Barre is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the county seat of Luzerne County.
Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport is primarily in Avoca, Pennsylvania and spans the border between Luzerne County and Lackawanna County.
The Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins are the American Hockey League affiliate of the NHL's Pittsburgh Penguins.
William Penn (14 October 1644 – 30 July 1718) was an English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, early Quaker and founder of the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony and the future Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
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Sir William Penn (23 April 1621 – 16 September 1670) was an English admiral and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1670.
Williamsport is a city in and the county seat of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Wilmington (Lenape: Paxahakink, Pakehakink) is the largest city in the state of Delaware, United States, and is located at the confluence of the Christina River and Brandywine Creek, near where the Christina flows into the Delaware River.
Winemaking or vinification, is the production of wine, starting with selection of the grapes or other produce and ending with bottling the finished wine.
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Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.
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Wise Foods, Inc. is a company based in Berwick, Pennsylvania, that makes snacks and sells them through retail food outlets in 15 eastern seaboard states, as well as Vermont, Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Washington, D.C. Best known for its several varieties of potato chips, Wise also offers Cheez Doodles, bagged popcorn, tortilla chips, pork rinds,, onion rings, Dipsy Doodle chips, Nacho Twisters, Quinlan brand pretzels, and French onion and nacho cheese dips.
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The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in North America, contested since 1903 between the American League (AL) champion team and the National League (NL) champion.
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The Wyoming Valley is a historic industrialized region of northeastern Pennsylvania once famous for fueling the industrial revolution in the United States with its many anthracite coal mines.
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The X Games is an annual sports event, controlled and arranged by American sports broadcaster ESPN (with coverage also shown on its sister network ABC), which focuses on extreme sports.
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York (Deitsch: Yarrick), known as the White Rose City (after the symbol of the House of York), is a city located in York County, Pennsylvania, United States, which is in the south-central region of the state.
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Zwaanendael or Swaanendael was a short lived Dutch colonial settlement in Delaware.
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The One Hundred Thirteenth United States Congress was the meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, from January 3, 2013 to January 3, 2015.
The 2010 United States Census, known as "Census 2010", is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census.
The 30th Street Station is the main railroad station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States and one of the seven stations in Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority's (SEPTA) Center City fare zone.
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The 42nd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 42 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
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